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E fl^^"- P b''l?.?,^0 




Widow of Cd. James Warren Sever 

(ClaM of 1817) 

1. p. GRAY .V soy. 
BookblT.Jeis. .^c . 
.« /'..-.,.M Si CAMmilOGK. I , 











-d'-e H 5 7l3.^4r) 

■^iUj^Ju^*-*"* * ^^_ 



FrfiH^c4^V9Xi of the Old Chapel 

Notet from the College Records— tftf«/x>»wrf . . . i 

The SUent Watchers . 3* 

Die Stillen Wachter • -33 

Under the Cabbage Palm . . . • 34 

A.D. IX. Kal. lul. -39 

The Art of Joking . . • • • 43 

Ode to the White Horse . . . • • 5° 

Babbling Brook and Rushing River 5« 

Freedom in Belief . . 6i 

In the North Atlantic ..... 62 

Obituary : 

Rev William Frederick Wright M. A. . .70 

Ronald William Henry Tumbull Hudson M. A. 73 

Rev John Burton D'Agmlar B.A. .77 

Rev Canon Fredrick Bumside M.A. 7^ 

Rev John Charles Blissard M.A. . «o 

Edmund Carver M.D. .... ^3 

The Johnian Dinner • • oS 

Our Chronicle . . . . • °7 

The Library • • ^35 

List of Subscribers 1904— ^W- 

Frmtispiice^Tht Front Gate. 

Notes from the College Records— tf<w/»>iM/i* • «4i 

Immcr Hoeher Hinauf . . *74 

Upward, Hearts! . • >74 

Motto of a Famous Man • *74 

Under the Cabbage Palm— tf#»/i>t«^rf . • «75 

To My Brains. . . . • • "79 


A Mound and its Memories . 
Walter Savage Landor . 
Obituary : 

Rev John Chambers M.A. 

Rev Thfophilus Barton Rowe M.A. 

Rev Clement Cotterill Scholefield M.A. 

John Shapland Yeo M.A. . 
Presentation to Professor J. E. B. Mayor 
Our Chronicle 

The New Boat-House Fund 
The Library 

Frontispiece — The Witches in Macbeth. 
Notes from the College Records — continued 
To my Pipe . . . . 

The Castle on the Rock 
Liber ct Virgo .... 
Latine .... 
The Commemoration Sermon 
At St John's College, Cambridge 
Under the Cabbage Palm 
The Lay of the New Court Eagle 
The Witches in Macbeth. 
Was Ben Jonson a Johnian ? 
Souvent me Souvient 
Arthur Clement Hilton 
Obituary : 

The Yen Edwin Hamilton Gifiord D.D. 

Rev Joseph Merriman D.D. 

Rev William Allen Whitworth M.A. . 

Rev Charles John Francis Yule B.A. 
Our Chronicle .... 
The New Boat-House Fund . 
The Library .... 









>V2 >? 


October Term^ 1904. 


(Continued from Vol. XXV., p, 279.) 

jHE present instalment of notes deals with some 
matters concerning the Grammar School at 
Stamford in Lincolnshire. This school, which 
owes its existence to a bequest by on© 
William RadclifiFe, who had been Alderman, or chief 
civic officer of Stamford, seems to have been started 
about 1530. It was placed on a firmer basis by an Act 
of Parliament passed in 1548. This Act is printed from 
a copy on vellum preserved in College. There is 
probably one interesting point about this Act. William 
Cecil, afterwards Lord Treasurer Burgbley, was 
educated first at Grantham School and afterwards at 
Stamford. From the latter school he came to St. John's 
in 1535, so that he is to be numbered among the first 
pupils of Stamford School. He was returned as one of 
the Members of Parliament for the borough of Stamford 
to the first Parliament of King Edward VL, summoned 
to meet at Westminster in November 1547. It seems 
therefore probable that William Cecil had a hand in the 
promotion of this Act which put the affairs of his old 
VOL. XXVI. fi 

a Notes from the College Records. 

( school on a settled footing, and that we may trace his 
influence in the provision that the Master of St. John's 
was to act as an adviser and assessor to the Alderman 
of Stamford. In after years Lord Burghley gave a rent- 
charge to the College, in consideration of which, the 
Marquis of Exeter his descendant has the right, still in 
force, of nominating an Exhibitioner to the College from 
Stamford School (see The Eagle^ vol. xx., p. 370). 

In Parliamento inchoate et tento apud Wesimon- 
asterium quarto die Novembris Anno potentissimi 
Principis Edvardi sexti Dei gratia Anglie Francie et 
Hibernie Regis fidei defensoris et in terra Ecclesie 
Anglicanae et Hibernie supremi capitis primo et per 
varias prorogaciones continuato usque vicessimum 
quartum diem Novembris anno dicii domini nostri 
Edvardi Regis secundo in secunda videlicet sessione 
ejusdem Parliamenti inter alia multa communi omnium 
Procerum et populi consensu ac Regiae Majestatis turn 
praesentis assensu stabilitur sancitur et inaciitatum est 
est ad verbum prout sequitur. 

Forasmwch as it is a right godly and charitable deede to 
educate and bring up children and youth as well in leameing as 
also in civil manners And a great number of persons haveing 
children bee not able to keepe the same at schoole Therefore 
William Radcliff of the Towne of Stamford of his godly zeale 
and good mind intending to found and erect within the said 
Towne of Stamford one schoole where such poore yong children 
and infantes might be freely taught in leameing and manners 
without takeing any sallary or reward of the parents of such 
poore schollers The same William Radcliff by his last will and 
testament willed that his feoffes which then were seazed of 
all his lands, tenements, meadowes, leasowes, pastures, and 
hereditaments in Stamford aforesaid should immediately afttr 
his death find an honest and able person being learned to teach 
schollers within the same Towne of Stamford freely .without 
takeing of any reward of the same schollers or their parents for 
the same. And for the paiiies of such Schoole Master well and 
truly to pay to the same Schoole Master the yearely profitts of 
all his said lands in Stamford. And further willed that his said 
feoffees or his executors should within one and twenty yeares 

Notes from the College Records. % 

after his death obtaine and gett the Kinges Majesties licence 
for th' admortisement of the said lands to the use aforesaid. 
And if it should fortune the said feoffees and executors not to 
obtaine the said license within the said time of one and twenty 
yeares That then his executors should sell the same landes and 
impioy the money thereof comming to such deedes of charity as 
to them or the survivor of them should seeme most expedient. 
And for as much as it is about seaventeene or eighteene yeares 
since the death of the said William Radcliff by all which time 
there hath beene an honest learned Schoole Master which hath 
taught within the same Towne according to the mind and intent 
of the same William Radcliff greately to the benefit of the same 
poore Towne and to the other Townes thereunto adjoyning and 
yet no licence obtained of tlie Kinges Highnes for the admor- 
tisement of the said lands to the godly purpose before 
remembred by the said feoffees nor executors. By the which 
delay it is feared that the feoffees and executors rather minding 
to take benefit of the sale of the land after the said tearme of 
one and twenty yeares expired then the advancement of the said 
godly and most charitable intent of the said William Radcliff 
For Remedy whereof and for the establishing of the said good 
and vertuous mind of the same William Radcliff Bee it enacted 
by the King our Soveraigne Lord with th' assent of the Lords 
Spirituall and Temporall and the Commons in this present 
Parliament assembled and by the authority of the same That 
from henceforth the Alderman of the Towne of Stamford for the 
time being and their successors for ever shall have, hold, 
occupy, possesse and enjoy all the said messuages, lands,, 
tenements, meadowes, leasowes, pastures, woods, waters, rents,, 
revercions and hereditaments in Stamford aforesaid before 
willed, bequeathed, or given to th* intent therewith yearely to 
find one honest, able and sufficient learned man to teach freely 
within the same towne of Stamford all such schollers as shall 
from time tatime resort to the schoole house appointed for the 
teaching of such schollers. The which able Schoole Master the 
same Alderman for the time being shall yearely well and truly 
content and pay the yearely profitts of the said lands towards his 
necessary findeing to be paid at four times of the yeare, that is . 
to say, at the feast of the Annunciation of our lady, the Nativity, 
of St John Baptist, St Michael th' Archangtill,.and the Nativity 
of our Lord, by even portions*. 

4 Notes from tht College Records. 

And bee it also enacted by the Authority aforesaid that the 
Alderman of Stamford aforesaid for the time being with the 
advise and consent of the Master of the Colledge of St John 
Evangehst in Cambridge for the time beeing to name, depute, 
assigne and appoynt from time to time as often as neede shall 
require, such an able learned person to bee Schoole Master there 
as shall be apt and meete for the same; and also shall have 
power to remove and put out any such Schoole Master there for 
lack of due attendance or other reasonable cause, and to 
nominate, assigne appoint, or place any other such learned man 
as shall bee appointed by the Alderman of Stamford for the 
time beeing by the advise and counsell aforesaid. And that also 
the trade forme and manner of instructing and teacheing to bee 
used within the said Schoole to be approved and allowed by the 
said Master of the above named Colledge for the time being. 

Saveing to all and every person or persons bodies politique 
and corporate their heires and successors and the heires and 
successors of every of them other then the heires feoffees and 
executors of the said William Radclifif or any other person or 
persons claymeing in or by the said heires feoffees or executors 
or any of them all such right, title, interest, leases, conditions 
commodities and profitts as they or any of them have, hold, 
or should have had before the makeing of this Act, and as 
though this Act had never been had nor made anything 
contained in this Act to the contrary thereof in any wise not 

Ego Johannes Mason miles deputatus Wilielmi Paget 
praenobilis Ordinis Garterii miiitis clerici Parliamen* 
torum virtute brevis Regie Majestatis de certiorandis 
his annexis certifico hoc superius scriptum verum esse 
tenorem Actus Parliamenti in eo brevi expressum. In 
cujus rei testimonium praesentibus subscripsi 
sigillumque apposui decimo sexto die Maij anno 
Regni ejusdem Domini Regis tertio. 


The letters which follow relate to the short comings 
of Mr^ Hannes who had been appointed Master of 
Stamford School in 1723. William Hannes, son of 
Richard Hannes, of the town of Warwick, plebeius^ 

Notes from the College Records. 5 

tnatriculated at Oxford from Magdalen College 13 J^^y 
1697, aged 16. He was usher of Magdalen College 
School from 171 7 to 1723. He became Rector of 
Kirkby Mallory, Leicestershire, in 1728. It is clear that 
he never can have been a very good Master. The 
English people in the eighteenth century were wonder- 
fully patient with their clergy, allowing them to hold 
several livings in plurality, and to neglect them all, but 
they held rather diflferent views with regard to the duties 
of a Schoolmaster. 

John Peake, who supports the letter of the Mayor of 
Stamford (the chief civic officer being now styled Mayor 
instead, of Alderman) was one of the chaplains to Lord 
Exeter. The son of the Rev. William Peake, of Seaton, 
Rutland, and educated at Uppingham School, he was 
admitted to St. John's 9 July 1709, aged 17. He was 
admitted a Fellow of the College 20 March 17 15 — 6, 
remaining a Fellow until his death. He was instituted 
Rector of St John with St Clement in Stamford 
16 October 17 19, ceding this on being instituted 
16 October 1728 to the Rectory of Great Casterton, 
Rutland. He died 15 and was buried 20 December 1733 
sX Seaton. 

To the Worshipfull the Mayor of Stamford in the 
County of Lincoln And to the Beverend the Master 
of St John's Colledge in Cambridge. 
The Humble Petition of several of the Inhabitants of the 
Town of Stamford aforesaid whose names are hereunto 
subscribed in behalf of themselves and the rest of the 
Inhabitants of the same Town. 


That Mr William Radcliff in the year 1530 ffounded or 
settled a ffree Grammar School in the said Town for educating 
and bringing up Children and youth as well in Learning as also 
in civil manners and endowed the said School with Lands and 
Tenements of a considerable value for the maintenance of a 
Schoolmaster there and settled the same on the Alderman of the 
said Town as Trustee. 

6 Notes from the College Records. 

That the said Williann Radcliff did in his life time make 
establish and settle diverse Orders and Rules to be observed in 
the said ffree school which were afterwards confirmed by the 
then Alderman and the said then Master of St John's Colledge 
Amongst which Orders and Rules It is directed that there shall 
be Publick Prayers used in the said School every morning and 
every evening at their departure. 

That an Act of Parliament was made in the first and second 
years of King Edward the 6th reciting the Will of the Pious 
Donor In which it is enacted That the Alderman of Stamford 
for the time being with the advice and consent of the Master of 
St John*s Colledge in Cambridge shall name depute assigneand 
appoint from time to time as often as need shall require such 
an able learned person to be Schoolmaster there as shall be apt 
and meet for the same And shall have Power to remove and 
put out any such Schoolmaster there for lack of due attendance 
or other reasonable cause and to nominate assign appoint and 
place any such other learned man as shall be appointed by the 
Alderman of Stamford for the time being by the advice and 
counsel aforesaid And that the manner of teaching and 
instructing shall be allowed by the said Master. 

That the Reverend Mr Hannes who has been Schoolmaster 
there above six years last past and yet continues in the said 
office has almost totally neglected reading Prayers in the said 
School In breach of the order aforementioned and the Trust 
reposed in him to the great discouragement of Religion and 
Piety which was intended by the said good Rules and Orders to 
be implanted in the Scholars of the said School. 

That the said Mr Hannes has been guilty of a yery great 
neglect in his duty in teaching and instructing and bringing up 
youth in the said School for that he has frequently been absent 
from the said School for the space of several months at several 
times and that at such times as the said Mr Hannes has been 
resident at the House appointed for the Schoolmaster he has 
been so negligent of his duty that he has absented himself from 
the said School for several days together and when he has 
attended at the said School it has frequently been not above two 
hours in a day. That there has been such a neglect by the said 
Mr Hannes that the exercises of the youth of the said School 
have not been examined nor look't into for the space of a 
fifortnight, three weeks, a month, or more, by which shameful! 

Notes from the College Records. 7 

neglect the Scholars have made no improvement in their 
learning to their manifest injury, prejudice and loss of time 
never to be regained, for which reasons several of the 
inhabitants and others have been necessitated to take away their 
children from the said School and to send them to other places 
for their educacion to prevent their utter ruin Which tends to a 
great expense of the said inhabitants and is a great decay and 
loss to the tradeing part of the Town, and contrary to the true 
intent and designe of the Pious Donor. 

Therefore for the reasons aforesaid (of which due 
proof is ready to be made) Your Petitioners do humbly 
hope that when these allegacions shall be made appear 
to you That then you the said Mayor and Master of 
St John's will think it reasonable and necessary to 
remove the said Mr Hannes from the said School and 
put and place some other learned and fit person in his 
room or stead according to the power vested in you. 
And your Petitioners will ever pray ete, 

[Signed by 83 persons. The names only 
being given without any details]. 
Reverend Sir 

The bearer waits upon you with a Petition directed to you as 
well as myself, which you will please to observe is of great con- 
sequence to this place I have fully considered the whole and 
find the allegacions therein contained are true, haveing due 
proof thereof made before me. 

I beg you will please to take this weighty affair into your 
consideration, and should be then glad to know what proofs yotr 
expect should be laid before you for your further satisfaction 
herein. If you concurr with me, 1 then propose to lay the affair 
before Councel, that the most proper methods may be thoughl 
of, in order to remove Mr Hannes, whose great negligences 
indeed have reduced a flourishing School almost to nothing. 

If you think what is alledged in the Petition is sufficient to 
remove Mr Hannes, I shall beg you will give me leave to desire 
your recommendation of a fitt person to succeed him, having the 
highest esteem for a person of your character. And am Sir 

Stamford with the greatest respect 

flfebr 6° 17290, your most humble servant 

Cha. Shipley, 

8 Notes from the College Records, 

Addressed: To the Reverend Dr Lambert, Master af St John's 
Colledge Cambridge, present. 

February rz, 1729 — jo 
Dear Sir 

The Corporation of Stamford having drawn up a petition 
against Mr Hannes, the Master of the free School, waited upon 
Lord Exeter for his Lordship's recommendation to you. Upon 
Avhich I am ordered to acquaint you that as his Lordship is of 
opinion they will be able to make out the charge contained in 
the said petition, so he hopes that you will find it in your power 
to give them the satisfaction they desire and at the same time 
of very much obliging his Lordship. I am 

your most humble servant 
to command 

J. F£AKR. 

Lord and Lady desire their service to you and are mighty 
glad to hear of your being pretty well recovered. 

George Fothergill, the writer of the next letter, son 
of the Rev Thomas Fothergill of Worksop, Notts, was 
admitted to St John's as a pensioner ai May 1696, 
aged 17. He was admitted a student of Lincoln's Inn 
13 June 1697 and was called to the Bar 12 February 
1703 — 4. His letter gives at least a hint of the private 
reasons the Mayor of Stamford had to dislike Mr 
Hannes. The handwriting of the copy of the Latin 
verses preserved in College is almost certainly that of 
Mr Hannes. 

The honest Frank Boynton referred to in FothergiU's 
letter was a Johnian of FothergiU's own year. The son 
of the Rev Henry Boynton of Barmston, Yorks, he was 
admitted to St. John's 6 April 1697. He was admitted 
a student of Gray's Inn 9 March 1695 — 6. In 1731 he 
succeeded his cousin Sir Griffith Boynton, mentioned in 
the letter, as fourth baronet. His eldest son Griffith was 
admitted to Gray's Inn 23 April 1730, A second sou 

Notes from the College Records. 9 

Francis Boynton was of Sidney Sussex College and ail 
ensign in the Guards. 

London February ioth lyig-^j^ 

I hope you will grant me your pardon for giving you the 
trouble of this» which I do att the request of Mr Denshire of 
Stamford in Lincolnshire, who had once the honour of drinking 
a bottle of wine with you att my house in Lincoln's Inn Fields, 
and who, dining with me yesterday, was lamenting the danger 
they were in of losing one of the most learned and valluable 
persons they have in their town of Stamford. One Mr Hannes 
who is att present Schoolmaster of their Free School there. 
Against whom a petition hath been lately drawn up. or rather 
caused to be drawn up (and with great zeal and industry handed 
about for subscriptions to it) by the present Major of Stamford 
(who happens to be a person of mean station in the world) for 
no other reason, but because he was told, he was most 
ignominiously and scandalously reflected on, vpon hts Inaugura- 
tion as Major in a Lattin copy of verses spoke by one of the 
said Schoolmaster's scholars, and therefore, the Major is 
resolved to have him turned out from being Schoolmaster. 

Sir, Mr Denshire desires me to assure you that the case is no 
more than this. It has alwayes, time out of mind, been 
constantly usuall att the Inauguration of the Majors of Stamford^ 
for the two Head Boyes of the school to make two Lattin 
speeches, in prose or verse, to the Major and community 
assembled on these occasions. The subject matter of which 
usually were, upon commendations of the Major sworn, or the 
high nature of his office and power, or the happiness they had 
reason to promise themselves under his auspicious government, 
or other such like little flourishes and ludicrous sallies of such 
little youthful geniuses. That the inclosed coppy of verses, were 
composed and spoke by one of the Head Boyes upon the 
Inauguration of the present Major, and all persons seemed well 
pleased and sattisfied upon the occasion. But at lenght, some 
person telling the Major (who happens to be a Rope-maker, and 
sells cheese and bacon, and makes sacks and sacking and sail- 
cloth) that he was most ignominiously and scandalously abused 
in the copy of verses, spoke by the boy, and Englishing them to 
him (for he does not understand Lattin) in a worse sense thaa 

«o Notes from the College Records. 

they ought to have been, and vithall telling him that the Master 
tnust be at the bottom of all that matter; the Major grew so 
afTrontedi and outragiously provoked, that nothing would serve 
hrm but that the Master must be turned out. A Petition was 
drawn, and all persons influenced to sign it, by all wayes and 
tneanes that could possibly be found out. Sir, the copy of verses 
are sent inclosed, that you may judge whether there be a just 
occasion given for such a violent proceeding against Mr Hannes« 
who, as I am assured by Mr Denshire, is a very learned, sober^ 
valluable, and worthy man, and of true orthodox principles, and 
of an exemplary life, and character, and was recommended to the 
€chouI, to Mr Denshire when he was Major of Stamford (upott 
the resignation of -one Mr Turner, who removed to Colchester 
School) by Dr Delaune, Dr Butler. Dr Moss, Dr Trapp and other 
learned and great men. Sir, Mr Denshire desires me further to 
acquaint you, that as to some necessary avocations, that Mr 
Ilannes has lately had from the school; 'tis true, he has had 
6ome. But they were necessary and unavoidable. For he has 
lately marryed a wife, and the courtship and addresses to her, 
necessarily took up some of his time, and that he lately having 
a living given him in Leicestershire by Sir Cloberry Noell, 
knight of the shire for that county, who was one of his pupills 
at Oxford, some of his time was necessarily taken up in ordering 
and settling things in relation thereunto. But, that during such 
unavoidable avocations, he always had an Usher (whom he found 
Usher there before he came to the school) to attend the school^ 
and take care of the schoUars. And that now he is settled in 
his wife, and settled in his living (where he keeps a curate) he 
cannot have any such avocations for the future. Nevertheless, 
if you are of opinion that such avocations as aforesaid ought to 
be enquired into, with respect to the unavoidableness or 
necessity of them Mr Hannes will wait upon you (if permitted) 
and give you the particular reasons of the said avocations, 
necessarily had and occasioned as aforesaid, and will submitt to, 
and carefully observe any admonition you shall be pleased to 
give him, believing you will not consent to the turning him out 
of his Freehold till the matter is fully and thoroughly examined 
into. Mr Denshire desires me further to acquaint you, that as 
to the petition that has been lately sent you, signed by a many 
persons, the same was signed by a great number that never had 
a child at the school, and many of the lowest rank, and by many 

Notes from the College Records. i i 

others wha signed it merely because the officer of the Town, the 
Major employed, told them they would disoblige the Lord 
Exeter, if they did not sign it. But many other reputable men 
(although friends to the Lord Exeter) refused to sign it, and 
several others who had signed it, have since declared they were 
sorry they had so done, and that they were hurryed and surprized 
into it. That a great part of the Town are very desirous to have 
him continued, and therefore it is hoped that you will not give 
your consent to the turning him out till this matter is thoroughly 
examined into. Sir, having given you all this trouble, I cannot 
help repeating my request of pardon from you, but I know your 
goodness will forgive me by reason of my intention herein is 
just and right, and I verily believe the same of my friend 
Mr Denshire, who requests this of me. Att his request I have 
likewise sent you herewith the Rules and Orders of the schooh 
and likewise an Act of Parliament passed in relation thereunto. 
And now Sir, haveing done with business I have no newes to 
tell you but that I lately received a letter from honest Frank 
fioynton, who comes up to London with his eldest son Griffith 
the week after this next and intends to admitt him in one of the 
Inns of Court, and leave him there. He promises me I shall 
have a good deal of his company, which will be very agreeable 
to me. Whether or no he intends to make Cambridge in his 
way, and give himself the pleasure of paying his respects to you, 
he does not mention in his letter. When we are together we 
shall not fail to remember our old friends, and then I am sure, 
you cannot be forgotten, who was always so in a particular 
manner not only to him, but also to Sir, 

your most obedient, and 

most humble servant 

George Fothekgill. 

I must not omitt begging my humble service to my old 
ft lends and acquaintances in Colledge, but who of them are 
alive and resident there, unless Dr Edmundson and Mr Peter 
Clarke, I cannot tell. 

Sir Griffith Boynton comes not to London with his new wife 
till next winter. 

Addressed: For the Reverend Doctor Lambert, Master of St 
John*s Colledge in Cambridge. 

iz Notes from the College Records. 

. The following are the copies of verses referred to in the 
preceding letter. 

Ad Prabtorbm Stamfordiab, 1729. 

Inclyte Praetor ave ! prae quo, neqae charior, alter» 

Quove nee utilior civis in urbe viget 
Per quern sudorem, per quae discrimina cnrae, 

Attigeris meritus praemia summa loci. 
Porcorum innumerus passim grex grunnit in agris» 

Pro Te, quot vaccae ac ubera tenta gerunt, 
Pinguis ut huic nostrae premeretur caseus urbi» 

(£t Tua duldsono tinniat aere manus ;) 
Strenua, cui junctus, praestat jentacula, panis, 

Lautaqne cum lardo prandia praebet olus. 
Tres solum, ut perhibent, aliorum fata sorores, 

Mille, Tuam at sortem, nent faciuntque manns. 
Quae Tibi fila trahunt, calathis referuntquc peracta 

Stamina, dum fusis lintea pensa tument ; 
Frumcnto hinc sacci, nautis hinc vela, Tibique 

Lucrum, eadem nummos, ars loculosque parat. 
Urit sive latus, Funis, seu colla coercens, 

£t vitae et vocis, pendula, rumpxt iter. 
Imperii monstrat quae sint arctissima vincla, 

Dum quod non possunt praemia, poena, potest. 

To THE Mayor of Stamford, 1729. 

All-hail your Worship, Hail fam'd Stamford's Mayor I 

Success and Happiness attend your Care. 

A Man more lov'd. no City's Annals tell 

Nor one more nsefull to the Common-weaK 

Of Pains and skill what Great variety 

Has raised your merit to this Dignity. 

1 he Bristrd stores 'tis difficult to reckon, 
Which grunting feed to furnish us with Bacon ; 
And good milch-kine in severall Counties Lowe, 
Us, to supply with Cheese, with money, you ; 
Tho' nicer Tastes more modern customs please^ 
The heartiest breakfast still is Bread and Cheese ; 
Where Appetite is keen, how good a Dinner, 
Bacon and Sprouts afford to Saint or Sinner I 

Notes from the College Records. 1 3 

But Spinsters three, as say the Poets Learned, 
Are with the thread of human Life concerned : 
Thousands of hands, your different Arts employ 
That you in plenty may the World Enjoy ; 
These Beat, those Dress, some turn the nimble wheel. 
Whilst humming spools from lessening Distaffs swell : 
Some at the coarser Loom, some finer weave, 
(Sonnets or merry Talcs their Toil deceive) 
Hence sacks to hold, and sheet to winnow, corn. 
And Ships by sails to distant Realms are borne : 
No more is wanting to commend that skill, 
Which can the money- Bagg both make and fill. 

The hempen-twist when with impetuous Smack, 
It pain imparts to little villian's back ; 
Or to the Beam trans vers'd the greater ties 
(Quick interrupting Breath and Rogueries) 
Shews, to what Art, and vegetable, 'tis owing. 
That power and property are kept from ruin ; 
Since, of Success, when gentler Methods, fail, 
The fear or fate of this does still prevail. 

The letters which follow explain themselves. Caleb 
Pamham was at this time one of the Deans of the 
College, he was afterwards Rector of UflFord, where he 
died II May 1764. 

The depositions of some half dozen School boys were 
taken before the Mayor. Of these two have been 
selected because Mr Hannes gives his view of these two 
boys. The evidence of Mr James Dod or Dodd, the 
usher, was also taken and he supported the evidence of 
the boys as to Mr Hannes' absences from the School. 
Mr Isaac who is mentioned by Mr Hannes in his letter 
to the Master was no doubt John Isaac, instituted 
Rector of Ashwell 12 April 17 13 and Rector of Whitwell 
17 September 17 16, both in Rutland. He held both 
livings until 1743. 

St John's Feb: 21, 1729—30 
Honoured Sir 

Variety of business both in the University aud our own 

14 Notts from the Coliege Records, 

College prevented nie from owning the favour of yours so sooiy 
as I intended. 

The character of Mr Hannes' abilities inclined me to hope 
better things than are suggested tn the petition; but since 
neither the advice of his friends, nor I presume other 
admonition, could prevail with him to attend tlie school, the 
pious design of the Founder, the interest of the Corporation and 
the training up of youth in learning and good manners must be 
legarded before the benefit of any private person. 

If the allegations contained in the petition are true, and proof 
made thereof in a legal way, the removal of Mr Hannes will be 
necessary ; and since my advice is required, I think it expedient 
that he be summoned before you, have a copy of the altcgations, 
a day fixed for his answer, and if that be unsatisfactory, or he 
refuses to appear, be ordered to quitt his place within a time 
limited, and let the affair be represented to the Bishop in order 
to revoke his lycense. 

A transcript of the most substantial depositioixs as to the 
articles of absenting several months from the school, and not 
examining the exercises for three weeks or longer, will be a 
further satisfaction. 

Sir, you may depend upon my consent to whatever is just and 
reasonable in the conduction of this affair, as I have much at 
heart the good ends before mentioned and sincerely wish you 
success in promoting the same. I am, with all respect 

your most humble servant 
R. Lambert. 

Addressed: To the Rr>;ht Worsliipfull Mr Mayor of Stamford 
in Lincolnshire. By Caxion bag. 

Stamford 7th March 17x9 — 30 
Reverend Sir 

1 am much obliged to you for your ready and kind answer, 
which came safe to hand. 1 shall with great regard to your good 
judgment observe the directions you are pleased to give. Our 
Councel are now upon the Circuit but at their return home 
necessary stepps shall be taken and the whole affair shall be laid 
before you with great sincerity and truth, fFor I have (only) the 
same good ends in view which you are pleased to mention and 
shall do nothing but with regard to the trust reposed in me in 

Notes from the College Records. ij 

•rhicli if I am so happy as to have your concurrence It will add 
greatly to the satisfaction of Sir 

your most obliged and 

very humble servant 

Cha: Shiplby^ 


To the Reverend Mr Hannes Schoolmaster of 
the ffree Grammar School in Stamford in the 
County of Lincolne. 

Whereas complaint hath been made vnto me That you have 
been guilty of the sevcrall matters contained in the paper 
herevnto annexed. 

These are therefore to summon you to appeare before me at 
the Town Hall in Stamford aforesaid on Tuesday the six and 
twentieth day of this instant May by nine of the clock in the 
forenoon of the same day To answer to the said charge and 
allegation against you and the proof that shall be then made 
thereof before me. Dated the eighteenth day of May Anno 
Domini 1730. 

Cha: Shipley, 

A copy of the Allegations against the Reverend Mr 
Hannes, Schoolmaster of the ffree School in 
Stamford in the County of Lincoln, laid before 
Charles Shipley present Mayor of the Corporation 
of Stamford aforesaid. 

That the Reverend Mr Hannes who hath been Schoolmaster 
there above six years last past and yet continues in the said 
•office has almost totally neglected reading prayers in the said 
school and teaching the schollers in the said school their 
Catechism. In breach of the Orders relating to the said school 
and the trust reposed in him, to the great Discouragement of 
Religion and Piety which was intended by the good rules and 
orders of the same to be early implanted in the scholars of the 
said school. 

That the said Mr Hannes has been guilty of a very great 
neglect of his duty in teaching instructing and bringing up youth 

1 6 Notes from the College Records. 

in the said school, fTor that he has frequently been absent from 
the said school for the space of several months at several times 
And that at such times as the said Mr Hannes has been resident 
at the House appointed for the Schoolmaster he has been so 
negligent of his duty that when he has attended at the said 
school it has frequently been not above two hours in a day. 

That there has been such a neglect by the said Mr Hanires 
that the exercises of the youth of the said school hath not been 
examined nor look*t into for the space of a fortnight, three 
weeks, a month or more. By which shamefull neglect the 
schollers have made no improvement in their learning to their 
manifest injury, prejudice and loss of time never to be regained 
For which reasons several of the inhabitants and others have 
been necessitated to take away their children from the said 
school and send them to other places for their education to 
prevent their utter ruin which tends to great expense of the said 
inhabitants and is a great decay and loss to the trading part of 
the Town and contrary to the true intent and design of the 
pious Donor. 

That the said Mr TJannes contrary to the Orders made con- 
cerning and relating to the said school has refused to accept 
such summes of money as are by the said Orders appointed to 
be paid for the teaching of scholars of the said school whose 
parents are inhabitants within the said Towne of Stamford and 
has arbitrarily insisted upon and received greater summs of 
money for the same contrary to the Will of the parents, in 
breach of the said orders and constitutions of the said school. 

That the said Mr Hannes in breach of another order of the 
said school has broke up school sooner and returned to the 
keeping of the same later than by the laws and constitutions of 
the said school is for that purpose appoynted. 

That care hath not been taken by the said Mr Hannes that 
the scholars of the said school speak and converse in the Latin 
tongue either in the said school or without, pursuant to another 
order made concerning the said school for that purpose 

Charles Shiplbt, 

Thomas Lindsey serjeant-at-mace for the Borrough of 
Stamford in the County of Lincoln maketh oath, that in 
pursuance of the order and directions of Mr Shipley, Mayor of 

Nolcs from the College Records. 17 

Stamford aforesaid, this deponent did personally serve the 
Reverend Mr Hannes Master of the ffree Grammar School in 
Stamford aforesaid with a summons in writing and a paper 
writing ihereunto annexed on Tuesday the nineteenth day of 
tills instant May. By delivering the same into the hands of the 
said Mr Hannes. Of which said summons and paper writeing 
annexed this paper writing and the paper writing hereunto 
annexed are true copys. 

Thos. Lindsey. 

Jur. apud le Town Hall in Stamford predict, vicesimo 
Sexto die Maii 1730 coram me. Cha. Shipley, Mayor. 

Stamford May 24th 1730 

Mr Vice Chancellor 

I return you my thanks for your civil reception, and the 
honour of your conversation when I was in Cambridge. 

Since I waited upon you my Window Tax has been raised 
from 20J. to 30^. per annum, and my parish levy from u. to 
I J. 6//. per mensem. Which is considerable in the whole year 
since we have often double and treble months (as they call 'em), 
nay four months levies have I paid in one. 

But nothing, worth writing to you about, has occurred till 
Tuesday, May 19th 1730, when at or before 5 in the morning, 
the Mayor's serjeant came (as my wife and I were preparing to 
go to my parsonage in Leicestershire) with the Articles and 
with a Citation for me to appear before him at the Town HaH 
on Tuesday the 26th of this instant May by 9 of the clock in the 
forenoon tic. He has likewise called a Common Hall to be 
held for the Borough on the same day and at the same hour. So 
that at this rate the Mayor for the time being, and the whole 
Corporation of Stamford too, are my Visitors, which I profess 
myself not to understand, therefore send this purposely to desire 
your advice in this matter and to know whether by the school 
statutes I am obliged to obey the summons. 

This summons surpris*d me the more because that on 
May 1 6th 1730 (but the Saturday before) my wife's brother Mr 
Isaac, a clegyman of distinction in this neighbourhood, sent a 
letter wherein are these words: **This morning I waited upon 
Mr Mayor who has agreed to come into the measures proposed 

1 8 Notes from the College Records. 

for a reconciliation ; and has promised when he comes our way, 
to make me a visit etc** I can't imagine the reason of this 
sudden turn unless it be that when Mr Noel, whom he waited 
upon loo separately, asked Mr Isaac, if I would give it under my 
hand not to lay claim to the fines rais'd upon the school estate ? 
Mr Isaac assured him I would not. But to return. Being so 
early visifed myself by the Mayor's Serjeant, I knocked up both 
my attorneys (for all the Counsellors this country affords, are 
retained on the other side) who thought then that there was no 
occasion for my attending the meeting at the Hall on the 26th. 
So my wife and I jogg'd on for Leicestershire; where we 
remained in peace, till late on Friday night last a fellow bounc'd 
at the door with a letter from one of my attorneys signifying that 
it was thought proper for me to make my appearance on Tuesday 
next and that 1 should come very immediately for Stamford, so 
that yesterday I came 27 long miles on horseback (a great 
journey) with a fit of the stone almost all the way, which 
obedience to Magistracy was very tormenting, and which still 
continuing will I hope be some excuse for the uncorrectness of 
the stile and writing of this, and the unfitness of it for the person 
I Sttnd it to. 

For me to meet the Mayor at the Common Hall held for the 
Borough of Stamford is I think allowing the Corporation to be 
visitor and may be a very bad precedent for my successors. 
For though it has pleased God to give me a little something 
besides the school, yet amongst those who shall succeed me 
there may be sometimes a person who (with a large family of 
his own children) may have nothing else but the schools. 
There are already members of this Corporation, one barrister- 
at-law and four attorneys. The Town Clerk is working himself 
into an Alderman and I am credibly informed has a promise of 
being made one. He must be succeeded by another attorney ; 
and how many more these may bring in of their own relations 
and business no body can tell. Now, tho' as Solomon says 
'• In the multitude of Counsellors there is safety," yet if they 
should happen to be otherwise than good (which how unlikely 
soever amongst persons of an occupation, the design of which 
is to secure property, yet may come to pass) instead of the word 
'Safety' we may read 'Danger,* It may so happen too, that 
amongst those that succeed you in your government of the 
College (which may it be late 'ere anybody does) there may be 

Notes Jrom the College Records, 19 

often a person, who, to his other more valuable knowledge, 
may not jo} n that of secular business, and then a Corporation, 
by that time perhaps most of 'em attorneys, will be more than 
a match in worldly affairs for such a visitor; and such a school- 
master that has his head turn'd only to Gerunds and Supines 
and 70 a^lv koI a^my etc* 

Suppose again, that the artifice of such a Corporation, we 
have been speaking of, should prevail upon the Cambridge 
visitor to be of their side and such a schoolmaster as we have 
been speaking of, not being able to supply the fees, should 
have no one but God and himself to plead his cause, how much 
soever he may be rewarded for it in the next world, we may 
easily guess what will be the issue of it in this. By this time 
I have, I'm afraid, tired out you Sir as well as myself and there- 
fore shall only repeat my desire that you would be pleased to 
send your opinion by this special messenger, whether you think 
it my duty to attend the Corporation on Tuesday next in the 
Town Hall as my visitor. With my humble service to the 
gentlemen I had the happiness to be with at your Lodgings, 
1 am with great respect, Mr Vice-Chancellor 

your most humble servant 
W. Hannes. 

Stamford, May the 26th 1750. 
Reverend Sir 

I was before much obliged to you but am now more so for 
the favour of yours etc. The long letter I wrote to Mr Vice 
Chancellor on the 24th instant, upon recollection, was by no 
means fit for him to receive; but I had not time to make it 
shorter, or more correct, having much other business to des- 
patch ; and in bodily pain too while I wrote it, and therefore 
I hope his goodness will excuse me, but the facts mentioned 
in it are true. With my humble respects to him, if you think 
proper, be pleased to communicate to him the following lines 
which I sent at 8 this morning : 

To Mr Charles Shipley, Mayor. 
Sir I am advised by my counsel that your proceedings 
against me are irregular, and therefore that I may not shew 
you any disrespect, or give you any unnecessary trouble,. 

20 Notes from the College Records. 

I send this to acquaint you, that I dont look upon myself 
obliged to appear according to your summons. When 
before proper judges, I don't question but to justify my 

your humble servant 
May the 26th, 1730. William Hannbs. 

Whenever the Master of St John's pleases to command me 
I shall very readily wait upon him, I am Sir 

your obliged & most humble servant 
William Hannes. 

Addressed: To the Reverend Mr Parnham, Fellow of St 
John*s College, Cambridge. By Caxton Bagg. 

My reasons for not appearing according to the summons. 
I. The Citation or Summons is signed by Cha. Shipley, 
Mayor, without mentioning what place he is Mayor of. 

«. No persons are mentioned as Exhibitors of the articles 
or allegations against me. 

3. They appointed a Common Hall for the Borough, the 
same place, day and hour that I was summoned to appear at. 

N.B. the school leases too are made in the name of the 
Corporation {vid, the lease of Mr S. Rogers, deceased). 

4. That the Master of St. John's College Cambridge has 
a joynt visitatorial power with the Mayor, and that therefore 
my summons and examination ought to be by both. The Mayor 
being generally an illiterate man cant be supposed qualified to 
take such an examination. 

To the Rev Mr Parnham, Fellow of St John's 

Stamford Burg. \ The Examination of Anthony Wingfield 
ill Com. Lincoln, j son of John W^ingfield esquire aged about 
twenty years taken before Charles Shipley 
Mayor of the Borough aforesaid. 

This Examinant upon oath doth say that he was lately a scholar 
under the Reverend Mr. Hannes, Master of the free Grammar 
School in Stamford in the County of Lincoln aboue four year» 

Notes from the College Records, 2 1 

and under the care of the said Mr Hannes, all during which 
time publick prayers both morning and evening were so much 
neglected that the said Mr Hannes did not read them above 
once a month, nor so often, nor his usher above once a week, 
and this deponent was generally at the school most mornings 
before Mr Hannes and his usher and stayed at the school in 
the evening till the rest of the scholars went from school. And 
this deponent saith that he does very well remember that when 
this deponent constantly attended every day at the said school 
the said Mr Hannes has been absent from the school for full 
three weeks and sometimes a month and more in the school 
time and not at any breaking up or holiday time and that he 
has known the said Mr Hannes to have been at home at his 
house in Stamford when he has absented himself from the 
school for a day together and very often half a day though the 
said Mr Hannes has been well for that this deponent has known 
him to be walking in his garden near the school at the same 
time. And those days which the said Mr Hannes did come to 
school he seldom came into school till after breakfast lime near 
ten of the clock in the morning and that he has frequently come 
into the school and stayed therein a little time and gone out 
again without hearing any of the boys lessons or examining 
their exercises. And this deponent further saith that this 
deponent seldom neglected to make his exercises every night 
as duely as the other boys of the school and that the said Mr 
Hannes very seldom called upon this deponent to give him his 
exercises to examine and that he very well remembers that he 
this deponent has had a number of exercises which he had 
composed by one at a time for the space of four months together 
or more and that when Mr Hannes called for the same he did 
not correct or amend any of them nor shew this deponent any 
faults or any ways examine this deponent about them and that 
this deponent has seen Mr Hannes lay this deponents exercises 
by amongst other scholars exercises and seldom has seen Mr 
Hannes look over any of this deponents exercises or any other. 
And that this deponent knows that several 1 other scholars have 
had a number of exercises by them for two and three months 
before Mr Hannes has called for them. And this deponent 
has often seen Mr Hannes sleeping in his study in the school 
for an hour or two together and sometimes whilst this deponent 
auid his seat-fellows have been repeating their lessons to th^ 

2 2 Notes from the Coltege Records. 

said Mr Hannes. And this deponent further sailh th«t he 
never was directed by the said Mr Hannes or any other person 
to converse in the Latin tongue either in or out of the said 

Anthony Wingfield. 

Capt. et jur. coram me apud communem Aulam tent, pro 
Burgo prediclo vicessimo sexto die Maii Anno Domini 1730. 
Charles Shipley, Mayor, 

Stamford Burgh. \ The examination of Richard Peale son of 

in Com. Lincoln ) the Reverend Mr Charles Peale of Edith- 

. weston in the County of Rutland clerk 

aged about 16 years taken before Charles 

Shipley Mayor of the Borough aforesaid. 

This examinant saies he was a scholar under the Rev Mr 
Hannes, Master of the free Grammar School in Stamford in the 
County of Lincoln almost two years last past and for the 
greatest part of this time in the head form of the school, during 
all which time publick Prayers both morning and evening have 
been so generally neglected that this examinant does not 
remember that publick prayers were read by the said Mr 
Hannes above once in the said school and very seldom by the 
usher, and this examinant was generally one of the first and last 
scholars every day. 

And this examinant further saith that the aforesaid Mr 
Hannes has been very neglif^ent in teaching and instructing 
youth in the said school for that he has often been absent from 
the said school at several times for a fortnight, or three weeks 
together the time of schooling and not in Holyday time. That 
when he has been resident at his House, has often absented 
himself (tho' not confined by sickness) from school for several 
days together, and when he has attended, it has not been for 
above two hours in a day, a good part of which time he spent 
in sleep, and this examinant saith he hath often said the same 
lesson for a week together without the said Mr Hannes takeing 
any notice thereof. 

And this examinant further saith that tho* he has had most 
days exercises to be performed which he constantly made, yet 
tiiese exercises have seldom been called for by the aforesaid* 

Notes from the Cohege Records. 23 

'Mr Hannes for Ihe space of a month or more, neither did Ihe 
said Master correct Ihe said exercises, when by chance they 
were called for, or shew him any faults or in the least examine 
him abqpt the same, and says that this was his constant usage 
with the rest of the boys and this examinant saies he was 
ordered by his said Master at one time to construe twelve 
chapters of Greek out of the New Testament, for part of his 
task, that this examinant construed three of them, during which 
time his Master was asleep, and wakeing his said Master told 
him he had construed the whole, who said it was very well. Nor 
did the said Mr Hannes give any directions to this examinant, 
or any other boys in the said school to converse in the Latin 
tongue either in the said school or witliout, neither did he this 
examinant or the other boys, for which reasons his relations 
have thought fitt to take this examinant from the aforesaid 
school and believes that the ill management of the said Master 
has greatly decreased the said school and is a manifest prejudice 
to the Town in general. 

R. Peale. 

Capt. et jur. coram me apud communem Aulam tent, in et 
pro Burg, predict, vicessimo Sexto die Maij Anno tertii regni 
Regis Georgii Secundi annoque Domini 1730. Cha. Shipley, 

Stamford, June the 2nd, 1730 
Reverend Sir 

I hear that two of the boys in the classes that I teach swore 
against me. The relations of one of 'em, Anthony Wingfield, 
sent to desire that I would sign a paper to certify that he was fit 
for the University. My answer was, NO, that I would sign that 
he was not and that he never would be, which is true, from his 
capacity and eyes being so bad. The Revd. Mr Alefounder, of 
Luffenham, is in the same good graces with the family, as 
myself, for his refusing to certify the same thing. The other 
boy Peal is I believe the most impudent boy that ever came into 
a school, the particulars of which are too much to trouble you 
with now. He left the school upon being corrected with the 
ferula. My humble respects to Mr Vice Chancellor and I beg 
the favour of a copy of the Depositions that I may prepare an 

2 4 Noi€s from the College Records. 

answer to 'em. I ask pardon for the trouble I give yon, and 
with true respect, Sir 

your most humble servant 
W. PIannes. 

Addressed: To the Reverend Mr Parnham Fellow of St John's 
College in Cambridge. By Caxton Bagg. 

Stamford, 3 Junij 1730 

I have had such due regard to the good directions you was 
pleased to give me in your kind letter of the 21st February last 
in relation to Mr Hannes, that I have gone through the several 
particulars necessary to be proved against him, which I hope 
"Will meet with your concurrence. I begg leave to acquaint you 
that I summoned Mr Hannes in a very regular way to appear 
before me, a copy of which summons I have sent by the bearer 
together with the letter I received from Mr Hannes to acquaint 
me with his reason for not appearing before me. I did not 
think his reason sufficient therefore took the several examina- 
tions which I have now also sent and in my humble opinion are 
sufficient proofs of Mr Hannes great neglect and abuse of our 
school. I could have taken several more examinations, but 
thinking these sufficient and that I might not be too trouble- 
some to you, I waved going on any further. I am sensible that 
I send to you at a s^xy busy time, but I must begg leave to make 
use of the good words of your own letter for my excuse. That 
the pious design of the ffounder, the interest of the Corporation 
and the training up of youth etc ought to be regarded. 

If in your judgement the papers now to be laid before you 
are such a sufficient proof as you expect, then I hope to have 
your further directions for the speedy removal of Mr Hannes, 
that our youth may loose no more time and Mr Hannes may 
not receive our Sallary for teaching nine youths to which his 
school is now reduced. I begg pardon for all this trouble and 
am with the greatest respect, Worthy Sir 

your most obliged and very 

humble servant 

Cha. Shiplby, 


Noics from iJie College Rtcords. 25 

Addressed : To the Reveiend Dr Lambert, Master of St John's 
Colledge, Cambridge, prt* sent. 

William Noel the writer of the next letter was at this 
time M.P. for Stamford and Deputy Recorder for the 
borough (the Marquis of Exeter being Recorder). He 
was the second son of Sir John Noel of Kirkby Alallory, 
Leicestershire, and brother of the Sir Clobery Noel 
mentioned by Fothergill as having presented Hannes to 
Kiikby. William Noel was admitted to the Inner 
Temple 12 February 1716 — 7, and was called to the bar 
20 June 1721. He became a bencher of the Inn 
28 April 1738 and was Treasurer in 1749. In 1746 he 
was leading Counsel for the Crown against the Scotch 
Rebels at Carlisle, the same year he was one of the 
Managers of the House of Commons for the trial of Lord 
Lovat. He became Chief Justice of Chester in 1 749 and 
a Justice of the Court of Common Pleas in May 1757. 
Holding both these posts until his death on 8 December 
1762. Horace Walpole describes him as*' a pompous 
man of little solidity." 

Stamford, September 9th, 1730. 

The Mayor of Stamford acquainting me with his intentions 
of writing to you, I was very desirous to take this opportunity 
of answering some objections which I am informed have been 
made to our proceedings concerning the removall of Mr Hannes 
from his office of schoolmaster and I hope the regard which n.y 
duty obliges me to have for the welfare of this town will be my 
excuse for giving you this trouble. It has been objected to us 
that our proceedings in the affair were too publick, but as farr 
as 1 am capable of judging in these matters, all enquiries into 
the truth of any fact, which is to be the foundation of the 
removall of any person from his flfreehold ought to be carryed 
on in the most publick manner, or at least such conduct is 
generally thought the most just, and less liable to exception, 
and I am confident if we had proceeded in another method in 
the present case, Mr Ilannes would have calumniated us as 

26 Notes from the College Records. 

secret plotters against his reputation and as incapable to make 
a clear proof e of any one fact contained in the charge against 

Anotlier objection has been made that the Magistrate has 
never publickly admonished Mr Hannes, but I beg leave to 
observe that it appears upon the proofs, the parents of the 
unhappy children committed to his care have frequently made 
their complaints to him in the most modest terms, but without 
any redress. And I would further observe that it can't reason- 
ably be thought necessary to admonish a schoolmaster, who is 
in holy orders, that he ought to read Prayers to his scholars, 
and thereby promote in them an early affection for Religion. 
Can it be thouglit necessary to admonish a gentleman of a 
liberall education in such an office, that he ought not to be 
absent from his school two or three months together during the 
lime his scholars are attending there ? Cfm it be thought 
necessary to admonish him, that during the short space of lime 
he resides amongst his scholars, he entirely neglects to examine 
the exercises enjoyned them, they will thereby either be en- 
couraged to make none, or be very careless and incorrect in 
their Compositions ? 

These Sir, are known, and notorious violations of the duty 
incumbent upon every man, who undertakes such a trust, and 
therefore require no admonitions against them. Indeed if Mr 
Hannes had been accused only of the breach of some obsolete 
laws and constitutions of the founder, which might possibly 
have escaped his notice, there might be some pretence for this 
objection, but under the circumstances I have mentioned I 
cannot think it has any foundation in reason. Especially if it 
be considered, that when he was summoned before the magis- 
trate appointed by the founder to examine his behaviour, he 
insoU-nly refuses to appear before him, in further violation of 
his duty and in direct opposition to the intention of his pious 
benefactor ; for the truth of this I appeal to his letter directed 
to the Miiyor upon that occasion, which I presume Sir you have 
seen and what effect his admonition would have had upon such 
a temper you may easily judge. I can't conclude without once 
more asking pardon for this presumption and assure you. Sir, 
I should not have been guilty of it, if I had not thought it 
necessary (having done the publick an injury by recommending 
Mr Hannes) to m^kc some reparations by doing my utmost 

Notes from the College Records. 27 

towards his removall, and I hope Sir, you will by compleating 
so good, so necessary, a work render the Corporation of Stam- 
ford indebted to you for your goodness and justice and par- 
ticulaily your most obedient, most humble, servant. 

W. Noel. 

Stamford, November 5, 1730W 

Mr Shypley resigned his Mayoralty on the 8th of last month, 
and I was then sworn into his place, he gave me your last letter 
dated the 17th of September in which you are pleased to say 
that copys of the affidavits against Mr Hannes were sent to him 
and that you expected his answer to them should be delivered 
to the Mayor, and then sent to you* Mr Shypley telling me 
that he had not received any answer from Mr Hannes, and I 
hearing nothing of him for several days, after I was sworn, sent 
my Serjeant with your letter, and desired to know, if Mr 
Hannes had prepared his answer, that he would be pleased to 
send it to me, that I might iransmitt it to you, he sent me word 
he had not quite finished his answer, but should in a little time, 
and would then send it to you, but would send none to the 
Mayor, and though the Serjeant shewed him your letter, and 
gave him a copy, he still said the same, that he would not send 
to the Mayor, but to you, I hope you will think he has had a 
reasonable time to give his answer, and if he has not yet sent 
it to you, that you will think it trifling in him, and that he 
either cannot, or will not give any answer at all. The uneasiness 
that is through the whole Town, for want of an agreeable 
master, and especially amongst those that have sons to bring 
up, puts me under a necessity of desiring your speedy con- 
currence in removing a man, so very indolent, that from 70 to 
80 boys that used to fill the school, it is now reduced to five, 
and the best scholar amongst them not fit to be admitted under 
an Usheri if he had one, I must beg leave to appeale to you» 
whether you can imagine that the intent of the ffounder, of this 
poor neglected schoole, could be that any person should take 
so large an income for so little doing as it is evident this man 
does, and has the assurance to say, that if he has not one 
scholar, he will keep his possession. I hope he has no such 
authority to say so from you. I must beg leave also to tell you 
that I am fully satisfied of the truth of everything that has been 
laid before you against Mr Hannes, and that I think it the 

2S Notes from the Colltge Records, 

greatest piece of justice to remove him, for to my certain know- 
ledge, the sons of severall persons, who have a right to this 
schoole, and whose parents are not able to put them to another 
place/lie still at home and have no chance for education. No 
admonition can make any impression on such a man, therefore 
I once more intreate your ready complyance with me in an 
affaire of this importance, that we may not lie under the censure 
of these who are so greatly injured. Our Councell will be 
speedily going for London, and if we lose this Terme, it will 
be of ill consequence to us, I therefore entreat your speedy 
answer to Sir 

your most humble servant 
Edward Holcott, 

It is surprizing to everyone here, that Mr Caleb Parnham 
should undertake so strenuously to defend the cause of a person 
that no body else can or will. If other schools meet with such 
Masters, Cambridge and Oxford will be very thin of students, 
and it is not only this Towne, but the neighbouring gentry are 
forc't to send their sons to distant schools to their great 

Adrissid: To the Reverend Dr Lambert, Master of St John's 
Colledge, Cambridge. 

Reverend Sir 

If the Master of St John\s expected my answer before now, 
I beg the favour of you to acquaint him that I have been so very 
ill that most likely my death would have ended the dispute. 
This my enemies can't deny. Now I am better it shall be 
finished and sent as soon as possibly I can. I beg pardon for 
the frequent trouble I put you to, and am Sir 

Nov. 14th 1730 your most humble servant 

Stamford, Lincolnshire William Hannes. 

Addrefsed: To the Reverend Mr Parnham, Fellow of St 
John's College, Cambridge. By Caxton Bagg. 

Stamford, 17 Nov. 1730 

I begg leave to acquaint you that our Mayor wrote some time 
since 10 the Master of St John's to represent iJie hardsliipp of 

Notes fro jn the College Records. 29 

otir case in relation to Mr Hannes, by not haveing the Master's 
consent to displace him. But receiving noe answer, tis to be 
feared the letter miscarried. Else the Master would not admitt 
of any delay where soe much injury is done to a Towne. I can 
assure you that the school is now reduced to four onely, of 
wiiich two will not stay another week, and yet Mr Hannes' 
conscience will give him leave to lake the whole salary. If the 
Master after all the allegations and proofs made to him, and the 
total decay of our school, still refuses to joyn with the Mayor in 
removeing Mr Hannes, Itt will never be to any purpose ever to 
appeale to St John's more. For no case can ever be more fully 
proved. And the clause in the Act of Parliament which gives 
tlic rem-edy to the Mayor and Master (for such gross abuses) is 
never more to be regarded. You was pleased to give me the 
liberty of writeing to you, which gives you the trouble of this, 
and I intreat you'll do vs the favour that we may know the 
Master's intentions one way or other. I am. Sir 

your most humble servant 
Richard Wyche. 


1 had the favour of yours dated November 5th. It seems 
very strange that Mr Hannes had given no answer, but more 
strange that he refused to deliver it to you. I have now sent 
twice to him by his correspondents here to enforce both 
particulars. He pleads a violent fit of the gout as a reason of 
Ills delay and says he was so ill that most likely his dealh would 
have ended the dispute, and this his enemys can't deny. He 
promises all shall be finished as soone as possible. Please to 
hasten the Answer, that it may be laid before you. For I meddle 
not till it has been perused by you, and then wait your deter- 
mination. Sir I cannot but complain that you should suspect 
Mr Hannes had authority from me to say that if he had not one 
schoKir, he would keep his possessions. If he has no regard for 
the school, but to entitle himselfe to the salary he must be a sad 
creature indeed. He then acts contrary not only to the intent 
of the founder, but to the principles of honesty. But yet Sir, let 
his demerits be never so great, yet in the way of justice great 
care must be had, that everything be proceeded on legally. This 
vas all I desired. I had never a designe to stop or delay 
proceedings in the present affair, and unless this rule be 

30 Notes from the College Rl cords. 

observed, you may perpetuate the mischief of the school, but 
never redress it. A failure here is of the worst consequence for 
no man of worth cares to venture on a place attended with 
vexatious disputes and the trouble of a perverse competitor. 
The inconveniences now are greatly felt, but will they be 
removed by a censure out of rule, or contrary to the methods in 
Law and Equity. I cant but think an admonition had been most 
adviseable; perhaps I lay greater stress upon this, it being 
prescribed in case of neglects of duty, twice or thrice, before 
public censure in College discipline, but withall we know in 
ecclesiastical cases the like is required, especially for omissions 
and neglects. And the Bishop's lycense being necessary for a 
school master this will deserve to be considered and whether he 
should not be apprized of the case. It does not make the 
person better perhaps, but it makes him inexcusable and 
removes several inconveniences occasioned by long connivance 
and lets him see what he is to expect. If he continues to be 
absent from, or neglect, his duty which oft had very good effect. 
In crimes of a grosser nature, deprivation is pronounc*t upon 
legal conviction, so that a manifest difference appears in the two 
cases I would gladly have the point cleared. Sir, I shall 
readily concurr for the good of the school in every just and legal 
procedure, and would if possible, prevent all occasions of future 
dispute. This is all my meaning, though I may not exactly 
think as you do. I am Sir, 

St John's your very humble servant 

November i8, (R. Lambert). 

I do not apprehend Mr Parnham much concerned, Mr 
Hannes indeed has sometimes wrote to him, but he never 
appeared to me as you imagine. 

Stamford, 2 January 1730 — 1. 

When Mr Hannes, our late schoolmaster, died, Wee of this 
place putt our selves in hopes of haveing a good Master in his 
stead to all our likeings, and that which confirmed this to us was 
that^the present Mayor (who was chose into the office by Lord 
Exeter's interest) went to my Lord and made him an offer of 
presenting a fitt person to the school. His Lordship took it 
^cry kindely and assured the Mayor that he would think of some 

Notts from the College Records. 31 

fill person that would be for the good of the Town. My Lord 
ordered Dr Peakc to write to Mr Goodall who has a very good 
school at Lincoln upon which Mr Goodall came over hither and 
waited on my Lord, then came to the Mayor and informed 
himselfe of the value of our school, and told the Mayor that he 
had some friends to talk with and would in a short time give the 
Mayor an answer whether he should accept our school or noe. 
In this interim the Mayor has been tampered with, in behalfeof 
Dod (who was Mr Hannes idle, lazie usher, and brought all the 
ignominy upon Mr Hannes) and on offering Mrs Mayoress 100 
guint-as the Mayor has presented Dod, to all our dislikes and 
surprizes, in breach of his word to my Lord, to Mr Goodairs 
great dammage and to the mine of our school. I most earnestly 
entreat in behalfe of our whole Towne, if you will please to make 
the Master of St John's acquainted with these proceedings, 
That he will examine Mr Dod both in Greek and Latin, in which 
it is imagined that he will be found very defective, soe as not to 
gain the Masters approbation. I begg leave to observe that 
Mr Dod is already Mr Hamson's Curate, is confrater to an 
Hospital, where he is to read prayers twice a day and has a living 
six miles from here. I daresay the Master will heare very soon 
from Lord Exeter, and I hope the Master will be prevailed upon 
to defcrr his giveing approbation, and that he will please to take 
notice of Mr Dod's comeing in by way of purchase (very 
scandalous and against the intent of the fTounder). You will 
have a due acknowledgement for any favour you doe us, 
particularly from, Sir 

your most humble servant 
Richard Wyche. 

Addressed: To the Revd Dr Edmondson, att St John's 
Colledge, Cambridge, present. 

Mr Dodd had been instituted Vicar of Castle Bytham 
in Lincolnshire 16 June 1730. 

R F. S. 

{To be continued). 


When Eve had led her lord away, 

And Cain had kilTd his brother, 
The stars and flowers, the poets say, 

Agreed with one another 
To cheat the cunning tempter's art. 

And teach the race its dnty. 
By keeping on its wicked heart 

Their eyes of light and beauty. 
A million sleepless lids, they say. 

Will be at least a warning; 
And so the flowers watch by day, 

The stars from night to morning. 
On hill and prairie, field and lawn. 

Their dewy e3'es upturning. 
The flowers still watch from reddening dawn 

Till western skies are burning. 
Alas I each hour of daylight tells 

A tale of shame so crushing, 
That some turn white as sea-bleach'd shells, 

And some are always blushing. 
But when the patient stars look down 

On all their liglit discovers — 
The traitor's smile, the murd'rer's frown, 

The lips of lying lovers — 
They try to shut their saddening eyes, 

And in the vain endeavour. 
We see them twinkling in the skies. 

And so they wink for ever. 

O. W. Holmes. 


Als Eva ihren Herrn betfog, 

und Kain totet' Abel, 
Beschlossen Stern' und Blumen gleich 

(erzahlt der Dichter Fabel) 
t)es B5sen List zu tauschen, und 

die Welt zur Pflicht zu ftihren : 
Wohl miissten Augen, licht und schOn, 

der Sttnder Herzen riihren. 
Zehn tausend wacher Lider Blick 

gewisse Warnung wiire: 
Tags hielten Wacht der Blumen Schar, 

und Nachts die Sternenheere. 
Noch jetzt auf Berg und Feld und Flur 

betaute Blumen barren i 
Von Morgenrot bis Abendgltihn 

empor die Auglein starren. 
Ach ! jede Tagesstund' enthiillt 

gar manche Schauderszene : 
Da bleichen diese^ muschelweiss, 

verscbamt erroten jene. 
Wenn doch die stillen Sterne schaun, 

was sich entbl6sst im Diistem— 
Verrater Lacbeln, MOrder GroU, 

und Liigner Liebesflustern — 
Gern scblossen sie die Augen zu, 

doch nur den trliben Flimmer 
Am Himmel droben merkest duj 

80 blinzeln sie auf immer. 

Donald MacAlister. 


(Journeyings round some of the West Indies). 

|E left our headquarters at Barbados ort 
December 29th, 1903, rather late in the 
day, and when we turned out early the 
next morning found ourselves steaming 
slowly down the coast of St. Lucia. The first objects 
of interest that met our eyes were the Pitons — two 
enormous masses of rock rising abruptly from the sea 
to a height of about 3,000 feet. They are probably of 
volcanic origin and are extremely steep and hard to 
climb; indeed the summit of the larger has not hither- 
to been reached. Steaming slowly along the shore we 
reached the harbour of Port Costries, the capital, about 
ten. It is a land-locked harbour with a narrow entrance, 
rather shallow upon one side, but upon the other per- 
mitting large vessels to approach the quay. The 
great drawback is its comparatively small size. A 
fleet coaling here has to come in two ships at a time> 
while the remainder lie outside. In reality this might 
prove an advantage in time of war, as it would prevent 
any repetition of the "Merrimac" incident of the 
Spanish American War. The sides of the harbour 
rise abruptly from the water, and the town is wedged 
in between the water and a high hill called the Morne. 
The hill is covered with a number of residences of the 
leading men of the place, and forms a pleasant change 
after the stifling heat of the town. Government House, 
the residence of the Administrator of the island, stands 
in a commanding position high up on one side> and oa 

Under the Cabbage Palm. 3 j 

the summit a number of barracks have been recently 
erected to which sooner or later the troops in BarbadosT 
will be transferred. Probably this will take place only 
in the event of actual war, as Barbados is so much more 
desirable a climate for white troops. As it is there are 
already some Artillery and Engineers stationed in the 
island, as well as some of the West India Regiment. 

St. Lucia is now very heavily fortified, as it is our 
best coaling station in that part of the world. Its 
importance will be greatly increased upon the opening 
of the Panama Canal, as it will be more or less upon 
the direct line between the Canal and Europe. 

We toiled up the Morne, and were rewarded with a 
magnificent view over the town and harbour, which well 
repaid the climb. There is a scheme on foot for connect- 
ing the town with the summit of the Morne by a 
tramway, which would be a great boon, as, although 
the ascent is a gradual one, it is anything but a 
pleasant walk with the thermometer getting into- 
three figures. 

The rest of the island is very thickly wooded and 
very hilly, and is mainly composed, where cultivatioa 
is possible, of cocoa and sugar plantations — the former, 
needless to say, being now much the more valuable 
and profitable. In common with the other islands 
St. Lucia possesses scorpions and centipedes^ but its 
speciality is the fer-de-lance, a small snake, now 
generally confi.ned to the wilder parts of the island,, 
whose bite is extremely dangerous and generally 

The natives— and by natives in the W. Indies one- 
means the descendants of the African slaves, as tho 
Caribs, the aborigines of the islands are practically 
extinct — speak a curious French patois, which is 
extremely hard to understand. This is so in all those 
islands which have been at any time under French 
rule, e.g. Grenada, Trinidad, Dominica, and St» Lucia; 
and, although so comparatively close to each other, th^e^ 

3 6 Under the Cabbage Palm. 

patois varies considerably with each island. It bears a 
very faint resemblance to Modern French as we found to 
our cost. Residents say it is easily learnt, and possibly 
it may be, 

St Lucia has had the most chequered history of all 
the islands, which are now British and in the good old 
days the St. Lucian must have been much in the 
position of the border Germans so graphically described 
in "Three Men on the Bummel." 

Costries contains little of interest, and is the hottest 
town we found on our wanderings. Shut in between 
the Morne and the sea it gets the full benefit of the sua 
for the best part of the day. It once bore a very evil 
reputation for yellow fever, but this has not been 
sustained in recent years. It is a good type of the 
smaller W. Indian town— Club, Post Office, one or two 
Stores of a general nature, and some more or less 
pretentious Public Buildings. 

We stayed till about 4 in the afternoon, and then 
left for Dominica, our next stopping place. On our 
way we passed down the leeward side of Martinique 
and got a fine view of the Crater of Mont Pel^e glowing 
and smoking in the darkness. Any remarks on 
Martinique can wait till our return journey, when we 
passed it in the day time. 

Early morning found us at Dominica, not far from 
the bay on which the capital, Roseau, stands. Wa 
landed after breakfast, and spent a delightful day on 
shore. Dominica is well named the Pearl of the Lesser 
Antilles, and is certainly a most beautiful spot. It is 
very mountainous and thickly wooded, and communi- 
cation is very difficult across the island as there are 
practically no roads. With the exception of Trinidad- 
and Jamaica (I shall not insult my readers by adding 
British Guiana, although it was once alluded to in the 
House of Commons as the Island of Demerara), it is 
our largest colony in these parts. The inhabitants 
get about on ponies, but the produce, &c., has to go. 

Under the Cabbage Palm, 37 

round to Roseau by small coasting steamers, and very 
often, owing to the rough seas and rocky coast of the 
northern and windward sides of the island, they are 
unable to get anywhere near the land for days. 

This explains why Dominica is the least developed 
of all our W. Indian Colonies. In common with its 
neighbours it suffered severely, owing to the great fall 
in sugar, its staple industry in former times. However 
the island has fortunately proved very suitable for th^ 
cultivation of cocoa and spices, and has an undoubted 
future before it. In this it is more fortunate than many 
of its neighbours, whose soil is only suitable for sugar- 
cane, and who are at present in great straits. The 
most hopeful sign in Dominica is the influx of young 
Englishmen during the last few years. Although many 
have come there is room for many more, as much of the 
island is still virgin forest, and intending emigrants 
might do much worse than Dominica. Cocoa planting 
however requires a certain amount of capital, as, in 
developing virgin land, the cultivator has to wait five 
years before he can expect his cocoa trees to yield him 
any return. 

We strolled about the quaint little capital for an 
hour or two and found it primitive enough. It boasts 
only one hotel (I must apologise to Costries for omitting 
the fact that it has, I believe, two) which is really only 
a small boarding house, so it is not a place for tourists. 
It possesses no striking buildings, and even the 
Administrator's House is an insignificant little place 
tucked away behind the Church, apparently hiding 
from the Roman Catholics, of whom the island is 
mainly composed. The most attractive place anywhere 
about Roseau is the Botanical Garden, which is full of 
all varieties of tropical growth, and which contains some 
lovely stretches of cool green turf, a somewhat rare 
luxury in these parts. 

The river Roseau, which runs into the sea just 
outside the town, has a wild, rocky course like a 

38 Under the Cabbage Palm. 

Scotch burn, and is very beautiful. On its mouth 
stands a factory where Rose's Lime Juice Cordial, 
well known to fame, is manufactured. 

One word about the arrangement of the government 
in these islands — The Bahamas, in the extreme north ; 
the Leeward islands, consisting of St. Kitts, Nevis, 
Antigua, Montserrat, and Dominica, and some small 
islets; and the Windward Islands which include St. 
Lucia, St. Vincent, and Grenada. The groups hav& 
each a united system of government by a representative 
council, which differs in some respects in each case. 
The Governor of the Leeward Island resides at Antigua^ 
while he of the Windward group lives at Grenada. 
The other islands of the group have to be contented 
with an Administrator, who looks after the island till 
the Governor pays it a visit, when he disappears 
gracefully somewhat like the Vice-Chancellor during 
a visit of His Grace. Barbados, Trinidad, and Tobago, 
and British Guiana, and Jamaica are separate colonies 
with their own Governors all to themselves. 

H. L. O. G. 

(T9 hi coHUnutd,) 

A.D. IX. KAL. lUL. 


Qui strepitus, qualis veterem concursus ad sedem 
Se glomerat, curru aut pedibus statione relicta ! 
Hue rixatores et rixatoribus orti, 
Et quibus alterius tripodis ridebat imago 
Convencre ; alii numeroso de grege 7r6XXu>v, 
Et multi senior vel junior oplimus anni. 

Mox proprios quondam thalamos et tecta revisunt 
Non sua nunc: juvat ulmorum considere in umbra. 
Pars brevibus fruitur calamis, pars frondis Havannse 
Fascibus, accensas labris efflantibus algas. 
Sunt quos canities et longse gloria barbas 
Distinguunt — vidi nondum tonsoris egentes — 
Rasa alios signat facies, umbrataque labra, 
Atque hirsuta magis quam quse placuere puellis. 
Multa super multos rogitant, renovantque juventam 
Temporis exacti memores : mox pocla CathaiaB 
Dulcia cum frustis recreant, sparsique per aulas 
Colloquio indulgent donee vehit Hesperus umbras. 
Jamque inter sanctos eoelata sedilia muros 
Conscendunt, sero lucent splendore fenestrse. 
Auditur vox nota diu tua, care sacerdos, 
Auditur reboans templi penetrare recessus 
Hymnorum sonus et subter loquearia volvi. 

Interea hue illue famulorum cursitat ordo 
Floribus exornans mensas ubi plurima avorum 
Despicit effigies, fama illustrissima monstrans 
Nomina parietibus, veterumque ancilia et arma. 

40 A,D. IX. Kal. lul 

Instruxere dapes, resonat poppysma Falerni, 
Non uva9 pransis non fraga rubentia desunt. 
Tandem herbae graciles cedrinis promuntur ab arcis, 
Fervet opus, fluitant spissa fuligine tecta. 
Atque utinam mihi Musa favens tibi semper adesset, 
Arcule, vel Tumulis vixax quae lingua facetis. 
Scilicet ut longa serie venerabilis ora 
Praesidis, et quondam socios, sociosque receptos 
Non adeo tenui numeraret arundine vates. 

Parte alia recubat cui praestant nomen Arenas, 
Non steriles illae sed laurus fronde virentes : 
Proximus huic remo insignis Musaque Kynaston^ 
Quern juxta accumbit Vexillo duplice clarus ; 
Heu quoties vidi paribus considere transtris, 
Flectere gramineus lintrem qua excurrit in arcum 
Angulus, et funem stringis, Palinure, sinistrum. 
Quid te Neptuni referam fraterne satelles, 
Judicis augusti vultum, Modiumque et lernum, 
Eustathiumque olim silvae tutamen et horti ? 
II ic pater est (mirum) nati senioris, at ipse 
Tertius Aldino luctans evaserat anno. 
Nomina sunt aliis Musas exosa, nee illos 
Creticus, aut juncti satis expressere trochaei. 
Nil valet hexameter : gradibus gestisve notantur ; 
Difficile est versu celebrari et dicier hie est. 

At quoniam Edvardo primi debentur honores 
Surgit et altisona declamat voce magister. 
Assensere omnes : reminiscitur unus et alter 
Dulcis Alexandras nomen quoque dulciaque ora. 
Accipit hospitio longo post tempore visos 
Vividus, et magicas paullisper deserit oUas : 
Ille dies priscos revocat, deleta Sacelli 
Mcenia lamentans labyrintheosque recessus. 
Mox desiderio carbone ardentis aheni 
Tangitur, et decadas longo sermone recensena 
Asserit ingentes quondam vixisse gigantas. 
Huic responsurus, risu sufFusus amaeno, 
Bevanus assurgit, quo non facundior alter 

A.D^IX.KalluL 41 

Compellare viros tituloque agnoscere amico, 
Sive Petrum Structorem Hebraeis evocat antris, 
Seu memofat notum intacto velamine Veprem, 
Atque Arbusta hilari cantu solantia noctem, 
Quove modo et quali descenderet anxius ore 
Ruselius> juvenutn si forte audacior unus 
Non bene consuUis peiiisset rostra kalendis. 
Suaviloqui vox blanda iterum Fulciminis aures 
Allicity impositas callens indicere portas, 
Aut trahere invitos ad limina dura decani. 

Jamque Dunelmenses inter celeberrimus umbras 
Hellada qui Latiumque pari veneratus honore 
^nonen docuit numeros iterare Maronis 
Voce domum natosque domus resonante salutat. 
Dum loquitur quanta tangit dulcedine pectus! 
Ut meminisse juvat qualis reverentia, qualis 
Cura parum cautos juvenum circumdaret annos 
Dum faciles aditus et mens aptissima tangi ! 
En, stimulos audire tuse fas, Gallia, vocis, 
Aut pastoralem baculum mitramque merentis. 
Excipit hunc heros Eldoni stirpe creatus, 
Dulce sodalitium et plus quam socialia vincla 
Faederis agnoscens queiscunque erretur in oris, 
Seu Boreas regio, seu viderit Indus et Afer. 
Crediderim has potius sedes, hoc agmen amicum 
Arridere viro qiuam cum, clamoris Hiberni 
Nil metuens fremitum, toties afFatur anhelans 
Jurgia miscentem pugnse pugnive senatum. 
Ultimus in scenam Mayors venit, inclytus olim 
Et tripode et Claris argentei vatibus aevi, 
Sabrinae juvenis, decies jam quinque per annos 
Fundatricis amans, et avorum laude beatus. 
Ac veluti immenso cum pondere bibliotheca 
Densa voluminibus, congestis densa papyris, 
Explicat infinitam aciem-*-stupuere tuentes— 
Hand secus obstupuere virum, dum prodigus effert 
Thesauri molem cui cervix impar Atlantis, 
Nee constat quid primum aut qui cumulentur honore. 

41 A.D. IX. KaL luL 

Tangit enim veteres fastos, illustria tangit 
Komina, nee saeclis requies datur ulla renatis. 
Et fors in plures sermonem duceret horas 
Ni lituo moneat vicino in culmine gallus 
Claricitans, mediaque breves aBstate tenebrae. 
Tandem conticuit, plausu ingeminante, togamque 
CoUigit, inque tomos turritamque abditur arcem. 

Salve antiqua domus, caroeque ante omnia sedes, 
£t nemora implacido cordi inspirantia pacem» 
Quorum adeo dulcis vitaB inter taedia surgens 
Mnemosyne subit, et largo solamine mulcet. 
Densior en postes atque interfusa columnas 
Umbra pavimentum tetigit, lunaeque sub arcu 
Noctis dote frui nutanti fronde salictum 
Suadet^ arundineisque admurmurat unda susurris. 

C. Stanwkll. 


I HERE are persons who will say that joking is 
not an art; who will maintain that a joke 
may be made^ and indeed ought to be made, 
spontaneously and without any artificial 
ass?>tance; and that it is within the power of any 
per.*<on with a sufficient sense of humour to joke well. 
The.-e people, however, are only the ignorant and 
un.MTupulous; and their absurd contentions will be 
dealt with later on. In the meantime it may be 
prudent to devote a few lines to a justification of 
wasting (^o it may be baid) the spdce of the Eagle 
on a subject which to many may appear trivial. It 
is a not uncommon weakness of mankind, whea certain 
means have been found neces«^ary to a cerlctin end, to 
come so to gloriiy the means as to lose »ij»*ht of the end. 
And so, the end of all art being to please, and poets, 
painters, sculptors, and musicians, and their respective 
arts, being indispensable instruments of that pleasure, 
man has fallen into a habit of so adoring those arts and 
their exponents, and so reverencing the mere rules 
that have been drawn for the better regulating the 
mechanical parts of them, and the better preserving 
their standards, that he has forgotten entirely that 
simple object for which they exist. This error alone 
has been the cause of all the windy nonsense that is 
talked to-day about the missions of artists, and the 
lessons they have to teach, and the expression of their 
precious personalities. Let us therefore avoid this pitfall^ 

4 4 The A rt of Jo king, 

and, in considering the art of joking, bear in mind 
strictly that the end of all art is to please. 

But even the little we have already said brings us to 
a conclusion that is an ample justification of this trifling 
paper. For it follows that the art of joking is the 
greatest of arts ; inasmuch as it most completely attains 
that object at which all art aims. In proportion to its 
size, a joke gives a larger product of pleasure than the 
greatest poem ever written, the finest picture ever 
painted or any other creation of the fancy of man that 
can be imagined. For what, in the name of all that is 
solemn, surpasses for sheer delight that titillation of 
the midriff (or of any other mysterious organ that the 
reader's fancy may prefer) that causes and accompanies 
laughter. How exquisite is that feeling which can 
overcome and banish all others ; which occupies the 
human soul to the exclusion of every other of the 
emotions and passions which play upon man's heart- 
strings! The question is unanswerable. 

But the ordinary joke is inferior in one respect to 
other artistic creations. In general it is ephemeral ; it 
delights, only those who are present at its birth ; it 
becomes no lasting heritage of mankind. But when art 
has provided it with a suitable form ; when wit has 
given it wings and immortality, it will girdle the 
globe with laughter in a day, and delight mankind for 
generations to come. 

Two things were necessary for the composition of 
Hamlet. First, the brain capable of conceiving the 
idea, the abstract Hamlet. Secondly, the art capable 
of expressing him in terms of verbs, nouns, adjectives, 
and full stops and commas. So it is with jokes. The 
joke lies hidden in the brain, like a statue in the block 
of marble — this parallel is more complete in some cases 
than it is in others — and it is in the extrication of it that 
art is required. It is a mere idea or combination of 
ideas ; the very fiery spirit and the essence of a joke ; 
a beautiful abstraction; and only by art can it be 

The Art of Joking, 45 

expressed in a gracious form. Really if anyone seri- 
ously contends that there is no art in joking, he stands 
self condemned ; for clearly he has never made a joke, 
so how can he know anything about it. 

Whatever the age of a joke may be, if it is well 
composed it is a fresh delight to every person who 
hears it for the first time. Nay, more, it will stand 
repetition. It may possess such breadth of conception, 
such admirable technique, such perfect composition, 
that it is a lasting delight to every one who knows it. 
The maker of such a joke would be very justly regarded 
as a benefactor of mankind. We would speak of him 
with bated breath, as we speak of Shakespeare or 
Milton. "That is the great John Smith/' we would 
Bay, "who gave us the exquisite joke about the 
husband who comes home late from the club." After 
all, what benefit has a man who writes a great poem 
conferred upon the world, compared with the joy given 
by one, who makes a thousand people laugh ? 

Now it is absolutely necessary, in order to make the 
most of the world's supply of jokes, that the art of 
joking should be familiar to everybody. Thousands of 
persons, whose minds are full of potential jokes, are 
a nuisance to their fellow-creatures for three score years 
and ten, merely because they do not know how to ex- 
press their jokes ; and only those who are born with a 
natural talent for the business ever have any consider- 
able output. A man is supposed to be naturally able 
to joke from the cradle. And indeed very admirable 
studies are sometimes executed by infants in arms — 
full of freshness and originality, but naturally somewhat 
lacking in finish. But this is unusual ; and as a rule it 
is as absurd to suppose that a man can joke well 
without a laborious training, as it is to expect him to 
produce, without learning or experience, a great novel 
or poem. In most cases your joke is irretrievably 
marred in the making. Nothing less than genius is 
capable of transferring a joke from the brain of one 

4 6 The Art of Joking. 

man to the perceptions of his hearers, with all the 
exquisite delicacy and beauty of the original conception 
unimpaired. And even genius without art is helpless. 
Is it not unbelievable, then, that in spite of all this, 
there is no chair of joking at any university; that joking 
is taught at no schools ; and that in no single competi- 
tive examination throughout the kingdom (not even 
those which admit to the legal profession) is a know- 
ledge of joking required. Indeed, it is possible that if 
some gifted candidate introduced a joke into his papers, 
incredible though it may seem, it might not be marked ! 

Well but it may be answered, " This is all very fine. 
You have been talking very glibly for a long time about 
your art; but we want something more. Perhaps we 
are dull people, but we don't understand what you mean. 
Be more specific, and let us see how you apply this art 
that you make such a coil about." 

This is a reasonable request ; and to some extent it 
is possible to comply with it. Undoubtedly this can 
best be done, though it is a bold method, by giving an 
example of a perfect work of art in that line ; and then 
proceeding to expound its beauties. 

There are many persons who do not understand the 
real nature of a joke. Their humour runs on conven- 
tional lines, and any departure from their conventions 
puzzles and distresses them. *• I don't understand this," 
they say to themselves, when someone is treating flip- 
pantly a subject not usually taken in that way; "he 
looks as if he were joking, but I never heard a joke 
made on that subject before." And they are unhappy. 

But when the theme is a well-worn one, and every- 
body knows beforehand that it is a joke, then all is 
well ; everyone is at ease and all can laugh in comfort, 
and no one need fear that he will laugh alone or too 
late. Shade of Joe Miller ! it is a serious thing enough 
when a man does not know when to laugh. But if the 
whole proposition is in question-^the whether — it is 
more than can be borne. 

The Art of Joking. 4 7 

To the other half of humanity, however — the smaller 
half — laughter is not conventional. And for them, 
for a passing moment, the gloomiest subject may be 
glorified by the golden nimbus of humour. But humour 
is capricious and will not come at call ; the more she is 
sought the faster she flies ; and yet sometimes she will 
suddenly appear in some unlikely place, a Cpurt of Law 
perhaps, and even on the Bench. For which reason it 
is necessary that a man should be prepared with all the 
resources of art, to catch and perpetuate her when she 

And now to our example. The greatest art is always 
simple, and sometimes the highest flights of genius may 
differ little from the absurdities that accompany mere 
ineptitude. And an admirable illustration of this truth 
is the fact that the finest imaginable example of a joke 
is executed by the man who sits upon his own hat in 

Now comparatively few of those gentlemen who 
perform this feat, do so with the intention of providing 
amusement for the rest of the congregation. More 
often is it the result of clumsiness. But how that man 
who does it of lofty purpose, out of sheer love of art, 
should be admired ! The mere fact that it is so seldom 
done on purpose proves that only a fine mind is equal to 
such a feat. Consider the circumstances; the lofty 
building, the solemn stillness, the serious associations. 
And then the absurdity of the catastrophe ; the exquisite 
symmetry and delicate sheen of the hat ; the hopeless 
consternation of the active party when he realises, too 
late to recall his down-rushing person — for the inexor- 
able law that holds the universe together has him in its 
grip — the imminent ruin. Then, again, there is the fate 
of the hat, the innocent victim, which, being intended 
to crown the nobler part of a man, is condemned to so 
ignominious a destruction. Its very nature adds to the 
general effiect, so fii^m, so crisp — the very antithesis of 
clumsy mass — yet so inviting. Undoubtedly to destroy 

4 8 The Art of Joking. 

anything artistically, that method should be chosen 
which is most antagonistic to the character of the 
article. So, in the case of a top hat, to burn it, to cut 
it up, to drown it are all bungling ways ; there is no 
dramatic force in them. But to sit on it ! 

Consider for a little the complexity of this joke. 
How many parts there are to it, not one of which it 
could afford to lose. How exactly time and place are 
chosen. How subtle the relation of the whole to the 
circumstances, and to the temper of those whom it is 
designed to benefit. Yet with what wonderful simplicity 
is it executed. But we will return to this again. In the 
meantime, as an expert stands before a famous picture, 
and explains its beauties to a novice, so will we take 
you by the hand, metaphorically, of course, and show 
you how great is this joke. 

There is no place more admirably adapted for joking 
than a church. Of course, there may be other reasons, 
entirely foreign to our subject, for demurring to the 
practice. There may be, we say ; we are not bigoted,, 
and are anxious to make every allowance. But from 
the point of view of the jester there can nowhere else be 
found an atmophere so genial, or a soil so fertile, for 
the growth of jokes. You are shocked, are you ? You 
think I ought not to speak so flippantly of churches ? 
But tell us. Master Straitlace, were you ever a boy ? 
Of course you were, though it is hard to believe. And 
you laughed at family prayers if father got into diffi- 
culties with a polysyllable ? And you have known that 
icy thrill that comes when in school,* in the midst of 
a genial spasm of mirth — at some ridiculous antic of 
a fellow boy — you met the cold glare of the pedagogic 
eye? And why did you laugh so easily on those 
occasions ? Why else, but because it was forbidden \ 
And so it is in church. The parson won't let us laugh, 
and so we want to laugh. If we do, he fixes us with his 
eye. And we can't stare him down, because we have no 
surplice on and he has. Thus we have this curious 

The A rt of poking. 49 

position, that the one person in the building who may 
laugh is also the only one who does not want to. But 
we digress. 

Having chosen his place so carefully, we may be 
very sure that our joker will be equally circumspect as 
to time ; and there are two points of time which excel 
all others for this purpose. The first is during that still 
calm that prevails after nearly everyone has arrived, 
and just before the service has begun. At that time all 
the members of the congregation are intensely interested 
in one another, and in the late arrivals, and there is 
a brooding stillness over all that makes an admirable 
background for the joke. Be sure that the finest artist 
will arrive at this juncture in a pair of creaking boots. 

The brief breathing space that occurs just after the 
collection is also a fine opportunity, but, as it not the 
best, we will not consider it here. 

Let us add that, in the opinion of some connoisseurs, 
a bold stripe on the trousers gives a splendid touch to 
the climax of the joke. 

We have but a few more words to say before we 
conclude. And one important point upon which we 
have only lightly touched is the simplicity of the whole 
masterpiece. Nothing in the work stamps it as the 
achievement of a master so clearly as this. For observe 
that the component parts of this joke might have been 
collected and welded together in an inferior form, by 
embodying them in a story which might be told, with 
a few scandalous embellishments, of, say, one of the 
churchwardens ; and might even meet with considerable 
success in that shape. But the inspired performer 
despises such tricks. He is content with nothing but 
the best. With the keen insight of the true artist, he 
has seen that the whole may be expressed by one 
simple act, one stroke of glorious artifice; and borne 
on by his splendid enthusiasm, oblivious even of the 
laughter which is the fitting reward of a joker — and 
which he must sacrifice from the very nature of the 

50 The Art of Joking. 

case — he thinks only of that one object, which should 
be the aim of every true artist — to give to the world 
only his very best. 

Yet shall he not be altogether without recompense, 
though he forego the meed of quick answering laughter. 
For as he sits in his easy chair, after his Sunday roast 
beef and apple tart, may he not allow himself a mild 
self-approval, beyond that which usually accompanies 
the processes of digestion, when he reflects that around 
a hundred sirloins that day Mr So-and-So's hat is an 
inexhaustible source of mirth. 

E. D. 


Is it the charger sketch'd in chalk, 
Far on the grassy hillside gleaming. 

Whereof the railway travellers talk, 
As westward they are steaming? 

Or that imperial horse of war 

That brought Napoleon to a palace? 

Or that much-cumber'd gee which bore 
The mild White Knight of " Alice " ? 

Or that apocalyptic steed. 

Whose coming caused a noise of thunder. 
Which is the subject of my screed ? 

You naturally wonder. 

None of all these: a mild carouse 

Inspired the humbler theme I fixt on — 

As just and mere a public house 
As any down in Brixton. 



Mfc ^|F there be any part of the old idolatry on which 
mam EHl our fancy may not inexcusably be allowed 
j^^^Q to linger, surely we may spare a little hal& 
serious devotion for the cult of the River 
Gods and Water Nymphs. There is a peculiar fasci- 
nation in the natural motion of water, — a charm which 
even our prosaic, matter-of-fact twentieth century cannot 
altogether resist. What wonder then if, when the world 
was young, the spell acted with greater potency? 
Science destroys our illusions, one by one ; but in those 
days Science, if she existed at all, was the handmaid 
of Urania, and occupied herself solely with star-gazings 
No doubt the Laws of Gravity and the Elementary 
Principles of Hydrostatics operated in the same business- 
like and unostentatious manner which distinguishes 
them at the present day, but their operations were still 
veiled in a decent obscurity: apples might fall on the 
heads of philosophers, but philosophers regarded such 
episodes rather as omens than as natural phenomena, 
and their effect was religious rather than scientific. 
Brooks and rivers ran merrily from the mountain to 
the sea, but Investigation was in swaddling clothes, 
and could answer no question as to the reason why.. 
Therefore her elder sister Imagination stepped in, and 
settled the question in a manner generally satisfactory. 
The stream could move, she declared, and therefore the 

5 1 Balhltng Brook and Rushing River. 

stream was a living creature: the stream had always 
moved, and showed no sign of discontinuing its motion ; 
therefore the stream was an immortal being : the stream 
could refresh the thirsty and drown those who trespassed 
on its domain; therefore the stream was obviously a 

Such, perhaps, were the first principles on which 
Imagination proceeded to erect one wing of the fairy 
palace of Mythology. It being granted that the river 
was a divine and immortal being. Imagination soon 
caught glimpses of shapes more easily comprehensible. 
The waving tendrils of the water-weed became the 
river-god's hair or beard, and flowering water-plants 
the chaplet that wreathed his brow ; the white foam of 
the waterfall, half hidden by the overhanging green of 
summer leaves, must surely be the fair limbs of the 
river-god's daughter ; and since waterfalls were many, 
a populous community of water-nymphs must certainly 
exist — 

"Drymoque Xanlhoqiic Ligeaque Phyllodoeeque 
Caesariem effusae nitidam per Candida colla." 

So, it may be, the worship of living water began, so 
for centuries it continued, and in a half conscious fashion 
it lingers with us still : well-dressing is not quite an 
extinct ceremony, and wishing wells are not altogether 
forgotten. Indeed, if we look at the matter from another 
point of view, the cult survives to-day under another 
form : it has purged itself of superstition ; from a dread 
of the supernatural it has passed into a love of the 
natural, and if we are still inclined to credit the river 
with a certain personality, he is no longer a deity but 
a friend and companion. 

The masculine pronoun slips naturally from the pen, 
and invites us to consider why it is that with few ex- 
ceptions personified rivers are always male. Poets 
have iound a similitude of marriage in the union of 

Babbling Brook and Rushing River. 53 

river and tributary stream, and Shakespeare in one case 
boldly breaks the bonds of convention — 

"Tiber trembled underneath her banks« 
To hear the replication of your sounds 
Made in her concave shores.** 

But as a rule the river is masculine, and fancy depicts 
him as aged. 

" The Genius of the stream in front appears, 
A venerable chief advanced in years; 
His hoary head with water-lilies crown'd, 
His^ manly leg with garter tangle bound/* 

Perhaps some light may be thrown on the subject by 
the fact that ships and locomotives are always referred 
to as " she " ; they have the power of motion, but are 
subject to the control and governance of a man : the 
river goes his own way and cares for nobody, and no 
doubt the lords of the prehistoric world did the same. 

" Best is water," says old Pindar, and the tribute is 
justly due from a poet. How many a predecessor of 
the melancholy Jacques has found " books in the running 
brooks," and how many have taken delight in the same 
kind of literature since Shakespeare dreamt of Rosalind 
and the Forest of Arden : 

"Nulla placere diu nee vivere carmina possunt 
Quae scribuntur aquae potoribus " ; 

but if poets have used water sparingly as a beverage, 
they have derived much inspiration from it in other 
ways. To river and mountain stream the poetry of all 
Ages and languages is indebted, and in the domain of 
history rivers great and small are equally prominent. 
The Bible itself tells the same story, so much is the 
narrative concerned with Nile or Jordan, the brook 
Kishon or the Waters of Babylon, so often is the river 
used as a symbol or illustration. 

Apart from sacred associations, Nile is surely the 
King and Patriarch of rivers ; for no other stream has 

54 Babbling Brook and Rushing River. 

so influenced the history and excited the imagination 
of mankind. Thousands of years ago his waters 
nourished the beginnings of civilisation ; for centuries 
the discovery of the sources of the Nile was the most 
fascinating of geographical problems — 

"Nihil est quod noscore malitn^ 
Quam fluvii causas per saecula tanta latentes 
Ignotumque caput," 

and to-day he is no negligeable factor in the life of the 
world. Moses was one of his comparatively modertt 
navigators, as the Nile's history goes; by the same 
reckoning Cleopatra voyaged on his waters in quite 
recent times, Napoleon was there yesterday, and Gordon, 
only an hour ago. 

Less potent but still enthralling is the spell of those 
rivers of Mesopotamia, — the Waters of Babylon, by 
which the Jews of the Captivity sat down and wept, 
where kings with fringed robes and curled beards 
voyaged in state, and humble fishermen swam on in- 
flated goat-skins. Ganges and Indus, Oxus and Amur, 
Congo and Zambezi, Amazon and Orinoco, — these and 
many others have an element of the romantic, but it 
is mainly with smaller streams that the Muses have 
concerned themselves : the little countries of the world 
have proved that size is no criterion of merit ; and in? 
the realms of romance and poetry little rivers and even- 
tiny brooks have won a renown which their larger fellows 
cannot always rival. 

Greece, of course, is our main source of inspiration r 
Greece is a hill country, and the poetry of water is most 
potent in the mountain stream, which excels the river 
of the plain in purity, its impetuousness, and in music.^ 
It was from the mountain springs of Castalia and 
Hippocrene that the Muses drank, and there is a river- 
like character about many of the Muses' followers : the 
great epic poets are deep, majestic streams ; the Greek 
tragedians are noble rivers with here and there the 

Babbling Brook and Rushing River. 55 

swirl and eddy of a chorus between reaches of statelier 
verse ; and as for the lyric poets, Horace has anticipated 
our illustration in his description of Pindar — 

" Monte decurrens, velut amnis, imbres 
Quern super notas aluere ripas, 

Horace himself was perhaps a truer devotee of living 
water than any other classic poet. " Longe sonantera 
natus ad Aufidum," he must from childhood have known 
and loved rivers and fountains in their many moods ; 
but of all those moods the river in spate (to use a north 
country expression) seems to have made the deepest 
impression on his mind : the lines already quoted are 
only one of many such references. 

"Vidimus flavum Tiberim, retortis 
Litore Etrusco violenter undis, 
Ire deiectum monimeiita regis 
Templaque Vestae.** 

" Tauriformis Aufidus " tells the same tale, 

" Cum saevit horrendamque cultis 
Diluviem meditatur agris." 

How graphic too are some of his touches : 

" Rura quae Liris quieta 
Mordet aqua, taciturnus amnis/' 

How well this pictures the strong, placid river, moving 
noiselessly through alluvial meadows, while every now 
and then a lump of soil or a great slice of turf-topped 
earth slips down from the low brown cliflF that banks 
him in ! Sometimes the sketch is drawn with a single 
epithet, — "praeceps Anio," "Tanais discors," or "fabu- 
losus Hydaspes." Nor does he less gracefully express 
the charm of humbler waters, — the "mobiles rivi" which 
refreshed the orchards of Italy, or 

"that roc^y spring 
Bandusia, once responsive to the string 
Of the Horatian lyre with babbling flow." 

56 Babbling Brook\and Rushing River, 

Certainly Horace loved his " lyraphae loquaces " ; and 
yet one has a shrewd suspicion that he loved them best 
when they sang him to sleep. 

Greek history was so largely made upon the sea 
that rivers have no great concern with it. Halys is 
associated with the ruin of Croesus, and Granicus with 
the triumphs of Alexander ; but in Hellas proper rivers 
were politically less important than mountains: it is 
only in flatter countries that rivers form the natural 
lines of demarcation « In Italy the case is altered, and 
rivers are intimately connected with legend and history : 
we can no more conceive of Rome without the Tiber 
than of Greece without the Aegean Sea. Critical his- 
torians may write as they please, and superior literary 
persons may decry Macaulay's Lays till their souls are 
satisfied ; but Horatius Codes will hold his position to 
the end of time as successfully as he held (or did not 
hold) the bridge of Tiber against Lars Porsena. At a 
later time rivers seem to have been singularly unlucky 
places for the Roman legions, and some of their greatest 
disasters still bear river-names — AUia, Ticinus, Trebia — 
while Aufidus witnessed the still huger calamity of 
Cannae ; but Metaurus broke the sequence of ill luck. 
One of the smallest rivers of Italy is not the least 
famous : 

"Fonte cadit modico parvisque impellitur undis 
Puniceus Rubicon"; 

and the Rubicon has added an expression to the 
langxiage of the world — an achievement only equalled 
among rivers by the Meander. 

The same idea, were the task not too laborious, 
might be followed out in other lands and through other 
ages. How much, for instance, of European history is 
inseparable from the Rhine and the Danube? But 
let us leave these wider spheres, and confine our 
attention to the rivers of our own country. Thames, 
of course, holds the foremost place : Caesar crossed it 

Babbling Brook and Rushing River. 5 7 

as he advanced to attack Cassivellaunus, and Boadicea 
dyed its waters with Roman blood; Thames saw the 
capture of Romano-British London by the Saxons— 
that lost tragedy — the battle of Canute's war-ships 
against London Bridge, the signing of Magna Charta, 
and in fact half the medieval and modern history of 
England. Severn must have seen many a stirring 
sight before Wales was subdued, and in later times it 
witnessed the death of the Hotspur at Shrewsbury and 
the defeat of Charles II. at Worcester. Tweed has 
seen more fighting than any other British river: 
Flodden Field lies within sight of it, while Berwick, 
Norham, and Wark have stood or fallen under stress 
of sieges almost innumerable. Tyne and Wear also 
have their tales of battle, and so have Esk and Eden 
in Cumberland : Ure saw the capture of Thamas oC 
Lancaster, who so nearly dethroned Edward II. 
Wharfe ran red with the carnage of Towton Field, 
and the Yorkshire Don divided the rebels of the 
Pilgrimage of Grace from the troops of Henry VIII 
during the worst crisis of that monarch's reign*. 

With English literature, and especially with English 
poetry, the rivers of England have many associations. 
Old Michael Drayton celebrates them all in his 
Polyolbion, and Spenser gathers them together to 
attend the marriage of Thames and Medway. The 
name of Avon is for ever linked with that of Shake- 
speare, but the Warwickshire stream threw no very 
enthralling spell over his imagination : like Homer^ 
Shakespeare is preeminently a poet of the sea, and if 
he loved one river more than others, it was the tide- 
way of the Thames. Beyond the fact that the sea is; 
so to speak, one of the dramatis personae in many of his 
plays, sea allusions are of constant occurrence, while 
river allusions are comparatively rare ; metaphors and- 
illustrations drawn from the ebb and flow of the tide 
are not uncommon, and more than one instance goeS' 
to prove that the tide which Shakespeare studied was. 

58 Babbling Brook and Rushing River. 

the tide which flowed and ebbed through London 
Bridge, For instance— 

"The tide of blood in me 
Halh proudly flowed in vanity till now : 
Now doth it turn and ebb back to the sea.*' 

Or this— 

''the swan's down-feather. 
That stands upon the swell at full of tide, 
And neither way inclines." 

This is a peculiarly apposite instance, which those 
who are familiar with a tidal river will readily appreciate. 
Milton was a lover of "shallow brooks and rivers 
wide," and his poetry is full of their praises, whether 
he hymns the waters of Paradise, addresses th« 
"Virgin daughter of Locrine," or wins our hearts 
(except, perhaps, Professor Skeat's) by his description 
of " Camus, reverend sire." The Bedfordshire Ouse is 
associated with the name of Cowper, Wordsworth 
claims the Derwent, the Duddon, and the Rotha, and 
the early stages of education have made most of us 
familiar with Tennyson's Brook. Nor must one of tho 
best-loved of English prose-writers be forgotten : 

'• While slreams and rivers yield a blameless sport, 
Shall live the name of Walton, sage benign." 

So writes Wordsworth in one of his best sonnets, 
and modern opinion still endorses the well-deserved 
encomium, which came with particular fitness from 
Wordsworth, since Izaak Walton was in fact one of 
Wordsworth's forerunners — a voice crying aloud the 
beauty of the natural world in a wilderness where 
only the artificial was in fashion. Mightier rivers 
than "sedgy Lea" or Dove in his limestone ravine, 
may envy the streams which the Father of Angling 
has made immortal. 

The imaginative literature of Angling is not so large 
AS the technical, but it has its jewels, and many of 

Babbling Brook and Rushing Rivet. 59 

them are to be found in the series of fishing songs 
published during the first half of the nineteenth 
century under the name of the Newcastle Fisher's 
Garlands. These include contributions from several 
writers, and amongst them was at least one true poet. 
In the wider domains of the Muses Thomas Doubleday 
never rose above a respectable mediocrity, but on the 
banks of his own Northumbrian Coquet he sang as 
naturally and as sweetly as 

•*The mellow thrush frae Dews-hill wood 
Proclaims the dawn of day." 

Most of his garlands were written in collaboration with 
Robert Roxby, his friend and fellow-angler; but we 
need only read Roxby's independent productions to 
understand which of the pair was the true artist. 
Coquet is one of the most famous trout-streams of the 
kingdom, and Coquet he celebrates with the enthusiasm 
of a fisherman and the voice of a poet. 

**Tl>e Coquet for ever, the Coquet for aye! 
The Coquet, the King of the stream an* the brae, 
Frae his high mountain throne to his bed in the sea^ 
Oh! where shall we find such a river as he?" 

But a strain of sadness runs through many of the 
songs. The angler has 

" thrawn the flee thae sixty year, 
Aye, sixty year an' mair," 

and the activity of younger days has gone for ever* 

"I canna climb the brent hill-side 

Where stripling Coquet first is seen; 
Where 'neath the Bell-rig's shadow wide 

The silly sheep lie down at e'enj 
I canna climb the knowes sae green, 

Where round the bend the river steals. 
Or where she wars amang the scaurs 

Her weary way to rough Linsheels/' 

6o Babbling Brook and Rushing River. 

But even on Coquetside " old age hath yet his honour 
and his toil :" 

"The auld man's nae sac crazj yet 

But he can thraw a winsome line." 

A winsome line! To a fisherman the words are a 
picture and a poem in themselves — and so the old 
angler consoles himself with the rejuvenating influence 
of Coquetside, where 

"Sorrow shall forget his sigh. 
An' Age forget his pain, 
An* ance mair by sweet Coquetside 
My heart be young again." 

Happy the man who is capable of so enduring an 
affection, and has such a river to inspire and sustain it. 

R. H. F. 


Du glaubst, was ich nicht glaub', und glaubst nicht, was 

ich glaube ; 
Erlaub' mein Glauben mir, wie ich dir deins erlaube. 

Wer noch nichts glaubt, ist leicht zum Glauben zu 

Wie die G^faesse leicht zu fuellen sind, die leeren. 

Doch dem der etwas glaubt, faellt andres glauben 

Giebt er es einmal auf, so glaubt er gar nichts mehr. 

Fr. Ruecblert, Die Weisheit des Brahmaneriy x loi* 

Thou holdst, what I hold not, holdst not, what I believe ; 
Leave thou to me my faith, as thine to thee I leave. 

Who own no faith, can soon to any faith be drilled, 
As casks, that empty stand, with any wine be filled. 

But to abjure falls hard on one in creed upbrought. 
Gives he that heirloom up, his faith pines all to naught* 

J. E. B. M., 13 Oct. 1904. 


|N the language of the Board of Trade we werer 
going " from the Port of London on a voyage 
to the North Atlantic and to any port or ports 
therein at which it might be necessary to 
call.'* The object of our journey was to re-establish 
communications between England and America, which 
had been broken for several days — the year was 1904, 
the month June — by repairing some of the transatlantic 
submarine cables. 

Near the Scilly Isles are some rocks formerly called 
"The Bishop and his Clerks," but now more briefly 
marked on the Admiralty charts as " The Bishops." In 
days of yore a fleet was fitted out in the Thames for an 
expedition against the Spaniards. In order that nothing 
might be wanting to ensure success the Archbishop of 
Canterbury was asked to bless the fleet before it sailed, 
and so possibly to counteract the benedictions of the 
Bishop of Rome on the enemy's navy. Now the 
Primate was a very saintly man, or else he was very 
foolish — certainly he was but little acquainted with the 
sea — for when he came to bless the. fleet he implored 
God to be a rock to the sailors. As Balaam of old was 
uncomfortably astonished, so doubtless the Archbishop 
was surprised when he heard how efiicacious were his 
petitions — for the fleet was wrecked a few days later on 
" The Bishops." Whatever were the Primate's feelings. 

On the North Atlantic. 63 

the people were not pleased, and the cynics improved 
the shining hour, one more wicked than the rest bursting 
forth into rhyme as follows :-^ 

"As Lambeth prayed, such was the dire event, 
Else had we wanted now this monument ; 
That God unto our Fleet would be a Rock, 
Nor did kind Heaven the wise petition mock ; 
To what the Metropolitan said then 
The Bishop and his Clerks replied, 'Amen.' *' 

A monument was erected to the Admiral of the fleet, 
but this is not the epitaph upon it. 

We were a jolly company, and everyone did their 
best to dissipate the monotony which an unchanging 
landscape of sea and sky is apt to engender. The Chief 
Engineer was a Scotchman. .AH chief engineers are 
Scotchmen, just as all swans are birds. The reason why 
I cannot tell. This Chief Engineer, like other Scotch- 
men, was canny. He never spoke hurriedly, but slowly 
and deliberately. This habit induced impatience in his 
audience when his yarns were long, for his long yarns 
were dry — sometimes very dry; but now and then he 
contributed a tit bit to a discussion. We had been 
talking for a long time about drunkenness, when the 
Chief Officer said, "It's very difficult to say when a man's 
drunk." Then someone else related a story of a man 
who was locked up by the police for being drunk when 
he was really very ill. An electrician was beginning 
another story when McTodd interposed. "There are 
some," he remarked, " who say a man is drunk when he 
embraces a lamp post and vows it is his wife ; and there 
are some who say a man is drunk who lies on his face in 
the road and grips the cobbles to save himself from fall- 
ing ; but, as the Laird of Auchnashellach used to say, 
there never yet was a man drunk who could tell you 
what he was drinking and then ask for more." 

There are about fifteen cables between England and 
America, most of them stretching between the west 

64 On the North Atlantic. 

coast of Ireland and Newfoundland. The cables most 
often break in fairly shallow water, i,e. under 200 
fathoms or 1200 feet ; and the common causes of breaks 
or faults in cables are the anchors of ships and the nets 
of steam trawlers. Sometimes the cable is broken in 
two ; sometimes it is only twisted so that the insulation 
is spoiled. Near the shore the cable is made on a much 
stronger pattern than the cable for the deep sea, for in 
addition to other risks the cable near the shore has ta 
withstand the wear and tear of tides and currents which 
do not affect the cable in mid ocean. The deep water 
cable is made up of a central core of copper about a 
quarter of an inch in diameter. This is the essential 
part of the cable and it is carefully insulated by a thick 
covering of gutta percha. Outside the gutta percha is 
a coat of hemp, which serves to protect the gutta percha 
from the next covering which consists of from a dozen 
to twenty very strong iron wires wound spirally round 
the cable. Wrapped round the wires is a tape of coarse 
cloth soaked in tar. This brings the size of a section of 
a piece of deep sea cable up to about the size of a penny. 
The transatlantic cables have only one central copper 
core, but some of the shorter cables, such as those 
between England and the Continent, have three or eveil 
six cores all insulated from one another. 

It is possible to tell with great accuracy the place 
where any break or fault in a cable lies, so that the ship^ 
going to repair the cable, provided she can get 
observations from the sun or stars, can steer quite close 
to the site of the break. The data from which the 
latitude and longitude of a break or fault in a cable are 
calculated are as follows. First the line along which the 
cable lies is well known, because the ship which first 
laid the cable took frequent observations from sun and 
stars whilst she was laying the cable. Secondly, the 
resistance oflFered by a certain length of the cable in- 
question to the passage of an electric current is known, 
and from this the length of cable between the shore and 

On the North Ailaniic. 65 

the fault can be calculated. The cable lies along the 
bottom of the ocean, which in mid-Atlantic attains a 
depth of about three miles. 

Soon after we started a man on board had a fit, and 
subsequently his mind became unhinged. We had to 
pass close to the west coast of Ireland, and it was 
decided to put the man ashore. He was taken to the 
hospital at a small town in Kerry by the ship's surgeon, 
the chief cable engineer and others. The local doctor 
lyas summoned, and when he came the ship's surgeon 
had a conference with him. Now the chief cable 
engineer was a man of excitable temperament ; more- 
over he had not had the advantages which that 
gentleman of the eighteenth century enjoyed whose 
epitaph in Westminster Abbey records that he was 
'* polished at Oxford." Just as the two doctors were 
finishing their consultation and were getting up to ga 
and see the patient, the cable engineer entered the room* 
The local doctor jumped to a conclusion, and hence 
arose the following conversation. "Let me introduce 
Mr. Jones," said the ship's surgeon to the local doctor. 
" It is very hot to-day,*' remarked the Irishman. " It is 
hot on shore," replied the engineer. " And how do you 
like the heat ? " said the local doctor, whom we will call 
Dr. O' Sullivan, after a pause. " Oh ! it does not affect 
me at all/' was the reply. " Then you feel quite well 
now?" "Of course, I'm right enough," said the 
slightly puzried engineer. " Quite so, quite sO) but do- 
you not think you would enjoy a holiday ? " " I don't 
want a holiday," said the engineer, irritably, " I've just 
had one." " Certainly, certainly, but perhaps a few 
days' rest here would do you good J' " D . . n it all. Sir, 
I'm not going to stop here. I'm going back to the ship^ 
I'm not ill." " No, no, to be sure, but just let me feel 
your pulse, and then we. .. ." " The D . . .1 take the: 
pulse. Sir; you're making a mistake; I'm quite well."* 

" Pray be seated, Sir. Dr (the ship's surgeon) and 

I have had a little talk, and we both agree that you had 


66 On the North Atlantic. 

better stay here a little while." "H . . 1 and D . . . n, 
sir, I'm not mad. I'm the chief cable engineer." Then 
the ship's surgeon choked down his laughter and with 
difficulty intervened and explained. 

In the course of time we arrived at Newfoundland, 
and later on at Cape Breton Island. For some days we 
were amongst the whales and icebergs. The former 
played around us quite unconcernedly within a stone's 
throw of the ship. The latter we avoided, for they are 
unpleasant neighbours at night, and above all in a fog, 
though in the sunshine they are most glorious to behold, 
and sparkle like mountains of diamonds. Still they 
made the air and water uncomfortably cold. In Ireland 
we enjoyed a temperature of eighty degrees, a week 
later we were in the Arctic current and the temperature 
fell ten degrees in twelve hours, finally falling to thirty- 
one degrees. We put on our winter clothing. The 
Great Newfoundland Bank, besides being the home 
of the cod fishery, is the home of the Fog Demon, 
who had us in his toils many days. And a most 
depressing effect he had upon us all. The air was 
damp and very cold ; it was quite impossible to see from 
one end of the ship to the other ; the engines were going 
dead slow, for the sea was crowded with fishing boats 
and other craft; at intervals the fog horn gave 
melancholy and dismal blasts. Truly it was a pleasant 
thing to see the sun again. 

The Aurora Borealis provided us with some gorgeous 
displays. One night the whole sky was a splendid blaze 
of brilliant light. Many coloured sheets and beams and 
flashes shot up from the horizon and radiated from the 
pole until wonder and admiration ceased, for the mind 
was exhausted and satiated with glory. But it was not 
these superb and exceptional splendours which gave 
most pleasure. He who has not seen a sunset at sea 
has still something he may enjoy. After all it is not the 
sensational and extraordinary that affects us most. It 
is the commonplace, the ordinary everyday things, those 

On the iforih Ailaniic, 67 

which form the deepest and truest, if the most common, 
parts of nature. It is not the sensational novel with its 
impossible incidents and unnatural characters which 
we really enjoy most. It may serve to pass the time on 
a railway journey, but the works of the authors who told 
the story of human life as it actually existed round them 
are the best. The jaded spirit may be stimulated by the 
dramatic oratory or startling extempore prayers of the 
revivalist, but it is the old, old hymns and old, old liturgy 
perhaps performed in a little village church which really 
comfort the sorrowful, and voice the inmost desires of 
the soul. And so it is that there are times when we feel 
as though we could sit and listen for ever to the voice of 
the changeless sea. So it is that the sunset of daily 
occurrence never loses its charm, never ceases to say 
that though we may scramble wildly and spend much 
money to see some paltry artificial show, yet the glories 
of nature, which are free to all, are the real, genuine, and 
only infinite splendours and wonders and truths. 

One of our party was full of weather wisdom. He 
would talk for what seemed an eternity to anyone who 
would or could not help listening to him about Cyclones 
and Anticyclones, Cumuli and Nimbi, Centres of Distur- 
bance and V-shaped Depressions. We listened at first 
with awe and respect. Such knowledge was too wonderful 
for us. But the daily dose became through constant 
repetition disagreeable, and we shunned it as the boy 
shuns the castor oil bottle. We were getting desperate 
when kind Fate delivered our enemy into our hands. It 
was on this wise. The sun had shone vigorously all day, 
but towards even a haze appeared in the western sky, at 
first thin and white, but gradually getting thicker and 
more yellow. The enemy gave a discourse on fog in 
general, and this fog in particular. " It will be very 
thick indeed after sunset," he prophesied. " I smell pine- 
wood," said one of the electricians, snuffing the breeze. 
•* Pinewood ! we're more than a hundred miles from land. 
It's the varnish on the skylight." And we turned to go 

68 On the North Atlantic. 

to dinner. As we did so the captain came along and 
said, " There's a big forest fire on Cape Breton Island, 
I've smelt the smoke some time. We shall see the glare 
after a bit." We were unkind to the enemy when next 
he spoke about the weather. 

In some places several cables lie very close together, 
and when trying to hook one with a grapnel it is some- 
times very difficult to avoid hooking another one. This 
is the case near Nova Scotia as well as near Ireland. 
Now there was a cable broken near Nova Scotia, and close 
to it were several other sound cables. Whilst grappling 
for the broken cable the ship hooked a cable which 
broke as it was being hauled up. This often happens if 
the sea is rough or the cable old. It was about lo p.m. 
A second attempt brought the cable safely on board 
about an hour later. Now it is the rule as soon as the 
cable is safely on board for the electricians to test it in 
order to see first of all how far from the ship is the fault, 
and secondly that the cable, leading away from the ship 
in the direction opposite to that on which the fault lies, 
communicates with the shore. It is the rule also to keep 
a clerk day and night on shore ready to answer any 
signals from the repairing ship when she has picked up 
the cable. Now in this case, when the cable was tested 
on the ship the fault was found to lie a short distance 
east of the ship, but though the tests shewed that the 
cable was intact all the way to the shore on the west, no 
reply could be got to the ship's signals. Closer exami- 
nation of the cable then shewed that it was one belong- 
ing to a rival company, and was not the one the ship 
had gone out to mend. As the tests showed that the 
cable was sound, it was decided to repair it in spite of 
the fact that no reply could be obtained to the signals 
from the ship. This was done, and the repair was com- 
pleted before morning. The next thing to do was to find 
the cable the ship had set out to mend. In the course 
of a few days this cable was duly repaired and the ship 
went into port. Whilst talking in the office there one of 

On the North Atlantic. 69 

the cable engineers heard that there had been a big row 
in the rival company's office, and that one of the 
telegraph clerks had been dismissed. " What's that 
for ? " asked the engineer. " Oh, one night when he^was 
on duty he pretended that the cable was broken, and 
went off to bed instead of sending several messages 
which he ought to have sent. When the manager came 
in the morning and asked why the messages had not yet 
been sent the clerk told him the cable was broken, so the 
manager went to test for the fault and to his surprise 
found the cable intact. Then he dismissed the clerk." 
The Engineer then related the story of how they had 
hooked the wrong cable, and after a good laugh went 
off and explained matters to the rival company. So the 
clerk was re-instated. 

J. W. R. 

Rbv William Fredbkick Wright M.A. 

The Rev W. F. Wright, who was killed in an Alpine 
accident on the Grand Paradis, between Cogne and Val 
Savarauche, on the jolh August last, was Vice- Principal of the 
College, Ripon. He was a son of Mr. Leonard Wriglit, 
Merchant and Shipowner of South Shields (who died 
7 September 1880) and was born at South Shields i July 1870* 
He was educated at Woodstock School and at King's College 
School, London. While at St John's he had some years of 
struggle with ill-heallh and other difficulties, culminating in a 
breakdown just before the Classical Tripos of 1893, ^^ which he 
had reason to hope for a First Class ; as it was he was only 
allowed an aegrolat degree. He was elected to a Naden 
Divinity Studentship in the College, and spent two years at 
Ridley Hall. He gained the Jeremie Septuagint Prize in 1895. 
He was ordained Deacon by the Bishop of Ripon in 1896 and 
Piiest in 1898. Between those years he was curate of Holy 
Trinity, Ripon. In 1898 he became Diocesan Chaplain, 
supplying temporary vacancies in different pans of the Diocese, 
and at the same time took charge of the Hostel which tiie 
Bishop of Ripon established in that year for the training of 
candidates for Orders. When the scheme was enlarged and the 
Hostel became Bishop's College and then Ripon College, he 
was appointed Tutor and became Vice-Principal in 1903. 

For several years he had much financial anxiety. A younger 
brother was a hopeless invalid, and Mr Wright managed by 
great self-denial to save /^loo a year out of his o^n slender 
income to place his brother in a home. His mother had a 
comparatively small income, just sufficient for her own needs, 
but on her death some two or three years ago her income 
passed to her sons and Mr Wright was placed in a better 
position financially. In a letter to a friend about this period he 
wrote : " What a blessing it is to have a little money, is it not ? 
It is the greatest relief in the world to me to be free from the 
everlasting strain of trying to make both ends meet.*' With 

Ohiluary. 7 1 

reference to his work at Ripon he added: "It goes without 
saying that I am extremely busy and very conscious of my own 

Mr Wright had athletic tastes, was fond of cycling, and in 
later years became an enthusiastic mountaineer, climbing both 
in the Lake district and in Switzerland. Writing on 28 
December 1903, he said : " I am quite mad on climbing and am 
off to-morrow to the Lake District to climb.*' He had also the 
hazardous ambition of climbing without guides. 

Last summer he proceeded to Switzerland for his holiday, 
what he did may be gathered from the following brief 
communication on a Post Card, dated it will be observed less 
than a fortnight before his death. 

Cogne, Italy, 19, viii, 04. Had a great time. Started 
at Grimsel with one man, and did guideless, Hiihen- 
stock, Schreckhom, Finsteraarhorn, Jung frau, 
Aletschhorn. Left him, went to Zermatt, took 
worthless guide over Theodule — ^Aosta — Cogne. Went 
up to Herbitet Chalet to join friends — couldn't find 
them in the dark — slept out at 9000, found them on 
glacier in morning and traversed Herbitet. Traversed 
Grivola back. Am staying at curb's inn and am taking 
a week off to read Kautzsch in Hastings V. Hope to 
traverse Mont Blanc (guideless) to CouUct's Hotel 
Chamounix on September 2. 

W. F. W. 

So far as can be ascertained the particulars of the accident in 
which Mr Wright lost his life were these. With three friends 
[like himself Cambridge men, namely Mr W. G. Clay, of 
Trinity (B.A. 1887), Mr L. K. Meryon, of Pembroke (B.A. 
1902), and Mr T. L. Winterboiham, also of Pembroke (B.A. 
1902)] Mr Wright had been climbing peaks in the Grand 
Paradis Range, and they started on August 30 with the intention 
of making their way from the Grand Paradis to the Petit 
Farad is and the Budden Point. They did not take guides with 
them on any of these excursions. At nine o'clock on the 
morning of August 30 they were seen from Cogne on the Grand 
Paradis, from wl)ich they made the descent very carefully to an 
oicte on the side of the Petit Paradis, where they had breakfast. 

72 Obituary. 

At twenty minutes past ten they started off again, but were soon 
lost to sight on going round a rock on the west side of the 
mountain in order to get over the Petit Paradis. M. Gadin, the 
cur6 at Cogne, was an old friend of Messrs. Clay and Wright ; 
and as he had received no news of the party, and feared that 
something had happened, he organised a search party of guides 
to look for his friends. On Friday, September 2, the dead 
bodies of the tourists were found on a glacier towards Val 
Savaranche. M. Gadin immediately telegraphed to Courmayeur, 
where the four Englishmen had sent their luggage, intending to 
-follow it themselves later on. Telegrams were immediately sent 
to break the sad news to the families of the deceased. 
M. Gadin thinks the disaster was caused by a cornice giving 
way under the climbers* feet, or else by fresh snow having fallen 
on the frozen surface of the mountain. The former reason is 
the most probable. All the four were fearless and cautious 
Alpine climbers, and they never took guides. 

We take the following account of Mr Wright's work at 
Ripon from a notice of him in The Record for 9 September 

1904 :— 

'*It is difficult to speak without seeming exaggeration of the 
value of his work at the College. By his strong personality and 
manly directness he made his influence markedly felt by all who 
came under him. His gifts as a lecturer and tutor were very 
great. No one could fail to be stimulated to study and thought 
who attended his lectures. His addresses in chapel were most 
striking and original, both in thought and diction. In loyalty, 
ability, and sound judgment he made an ideal colleague ; and 
his untimely death creates a blank in the College staff which it 
will be difficult indeed adequately to fill. But it is not only at 
the College that his loss will be felt. He had a large circle of 
friends in the city and in the diocese of Ripon, and the 
sorrowful tidings of his death will cause widespread grief. 

As to the accident itself, Wright was an enthusiastic and 
daring climber. He was not, however, foolhardy; and in his 
last letter but one to me, written just before leaving England, in 
response to some words of mine, he dwelt upon the duty of 
recognizing one's responsibility to God for the life He had 
given. We shall probably never know how the accident 
happened, but I cannot believe that he knowingly ran any 
foolhardy risk on this list fatal expedition on the Giand Paradis. 

R. W. H. T. HUDSON. 

Obituary, 73. 

Ill his last letter to me, wriiten as lale as August 19, he spoke of 
the climbing, witS a congenial spirit, of the Schreckhorn,- 
Finsteraarhorn, Aletschhorn, and other peaks in that neigh- 
bourhood. He more than once expressed the hop« that if he 
were involved in a serious accident among the mountains he 
might be taken outright rather than linger on in a crippled 
condition. And so it has come to pass. 

Personally, thi& tragic news has stricken me more than I can 
say. But while I deplore his loss to myself and to his own 
circle, to the College and to the diocese, I thank God for the 
noble example he has left behmd him and for the good work he 
had already done. I trust that in some permanent way his 
memory may be preserved and treasured in connection with 
the College to which he devoted the be»t years of his too brief 

I add an cxttractlfromf a letter just received from one of our 
students : ** What we all admired about him at the College was* 
his strict sense of duty; and I, for one, will never forget the 
lessons which 1 have learnt from his life. He will be terribly 
miss.'d at the College." 

J. Battersby Harfori> 

(Principal of Ripon College).^ 

Ronald William Henry Turnbull Hudsok M.A. 

"His saltem^ accumulera donis, et fungar inani Munere." 

Sorrow at the untimely death of R. W. H. T. Hudson will 
IK)t be limited to the scholars of any one UniYersity or country ; 
but, widel;y as, even in his >liort life, his reputatioit had spread, 
there was an especial closeness in the connection which bound 
him to Cambridge. He was born at No. i Trumpington Street 
in July 1876 ; his father bad won 2 high place for our Colleges 
among the Wranglers of 1861 ; his mother had been one of the 
earliest students at Newnham College. At the latter College 
two of his sisters have distinguished themselves in the 
mathematical tripos. The two masters at St. PauFs School, to 
whom he was especially indebted for his early grounding in 
mathematics, Mr Charles Pendlebury and Dr F. S. Macaulay, 
are both distinguished members of our College. 


74 Obituary. 

But while inherited talent may have pre-disposed him to the 
study of mathematics, nothing but an enthusiastic love of his 
lubject could have enabled him to attain in so short a life the 
position which at its close he held in the mathematical world. 
The bare record of his academic successes conveys but an 
inadequate impression of his ability and learning. After a 
distinguished career at school he was elected to a Foundation 
Scholarship at St John's College in 1894 \ ^^ ^^ok the first place 
in mathematical honours in the Intermediate B.Sc. examination 
at the University of London in 1896. In each of his under- 
graduate years he took the first place in all St John's College 
examinations in mathematics. In 1898 he was Senior 
Wrangler, an honour which had fallen to alumni St Paul's School 
on two previous occasions only. In the same year he gained the 
Herschel prize for astronomy, and at the University of London 
he took Honours in mathematics, and gained the University 
Scholarship in the final examination for the degree of B.Sc. In 
the following year he was placed in the first division of the first 
class of the second part of the mathematical tripos. In 1900 he 
gained one of the Smith's Prizes for an essay on Differential 
Equations, and in the same year he was elected to a Fellowship 
at his College.* In 1Q02 he was appointed to a mathematical 
lectureship at the University College, Liverpool, and in the 
following year he was awarded the degree of D.Sc. by the 
University of London. He had had no small experience in 
examination work on behalf of various public bodies, and in 
1903 and IQ04 he acted as one of the Secretaries of Section A 
of the British Association. Besides occasional papersf in 
mathematical journals, a trealise by him on " Rummer's Quartic 
Surface*' was in the press at the date of his death, and this, 
when it appears, must sptak for itself of his powers of original 

But Hudson's mathematical talents had not been cultivated 
so as to dwarf his other faculties. It is true that the High 
Master of St Paul's School, Dr Walker, with a prescience 

^ For a list of the papers which he submitted for the fellowship, see tlic 
Eagle ^ No. 123, p. 10 !► 

t For a list of these drawn up by Hudson's own hand when applying for the 
post of Professor of Mathematics at the University of Abcidcen, see the 
Mathematical Gasctte^ VoL III., No. 4,7. 

Ohituary. 75 

justified by the results, used to point out Hudson to his friends, 
when but fourteen years of age, as an •* inevitable senior 
wrangler"; but it was not until he had reached the highest 
form but one of the Classical side that he decided to devote 
himself to Mathematics; and his Classical master, Dr Lupton 
(another member of our College) felt when he lost Hudson from 
his class that he had lost one who would have taken the highest 
honours in Classics if he had decided to follow that line of study. 
There was indeed something Greek in the cast of his mind, as 
was shewn by his intellectual elasticity and reasonableness, by 
his sense of proportion, by his keen enjoyment of the world in 
which he found himself, and by his intense desire to understand 
that world. He was no unsociable or reserved student, but was 
always ready to mix on even terms with his fellow men of every 
condition. His presence imposed no feeling of inferiority on 
his associates, but unconsciously stimulated in them the love of 
learning for its own sake. He never professed to enjoy the 
examinations which brought him such distinction. "An 
examination hanging over seems to suppress me," he wrote, 
shortly before the second part of his tripos, and it was with 
quick delight that at the close of his fourth year at College he 
found himself able to devote more time to his favourite pursuit 
of music. Of this he was a thorough and most competent 
student, and we can perhaps trace the influence of his 
mathematical instinct in his love for the severer German, in 
preference to the lighter French, compositions. 

Besides the time which he was now able to give to music, he 
found leisure to devote himself to the study of German, a 
language which he had determined to learn as soon as the 
second part of his tripos was over. At Hanover in the summer 
of 1899 ^^ acquired a sound knowledge of that language^ 
without which he did not consider that a scholar's education 
was complete. In the summer of 1 900 he studied for a time at 
the University of Goctingen where he attended the lectures of 
Professor Klein and Hilbert, and he retained to the end his. 
admiration of the German literature and people* 

But while his greatest pleasure lay in intellectual pursuits, he 
took a manly delight in bodily exercise ; and although his 
stature was below the average, he had no mean a share of 
physical prowess. He represented his College for fives, and in 
Long Vacation teams for lawn tennis. One of his mosi 

J 6 Obituary, 

treasured possessions was the radder wliich lie won as coxswaia 
of the Lent boat when in 1896 it made its bump on each of the 
four days of the racing. In the following year he was coxswam 
of the second May boat. His letters were full of the bicycling 
tours which he enjoyed with «uch zest. What his walking 
powers were may be illustrated by an extract from one of his 
letters written in August 1900, when he was working his way 
across the Thiiringer Wald. '* I generally walk from « to 8 with 

perhaps two hours r^st Last Saturday midday I met « 

young German actor out on his holiday all alone and going in 
my direction, so we agreed to go a bit together. We got on 
very well together, even slept in the same room, and I left hira 
in bed this morning 7 a.m., having completely tired him out the 
day before. The contrast between us must have been very 
remarkable. I wear great thick boots, very old clothes, and 
carry a knapsack on my back, and a walking stick. He looked 
as if he had just stepped out of a bank or a cab, with pointed 
toes, neatest of handbags and umbrellas, collars and cuffs, etc. 
He said he would adopt my fashion next time. Being on the 
stage he naturally spoke very pure German, and I learnt a lot 
from him." The conclusion of tke episode well illustrates 
Hudson's eagerness to learn and the effect which his 
unassuming example had on those who resembled him in this 

Such is an imperfect outline hastily sketched to be in time for 
the present number of the Eagle^ of one who was deeply beloved 
•by all his friends, who was kind and courteous to all with whom 
he came into contact, and of whom the writer has never heard 
an .unkind word spoken. The news of the tragedy of 
September 20th was numbing in its suddenness and its 
intensity, and it is impossible at present to realise that the 
Hudson whom we knew so full of life is now lying in his mother'^ 
igravein Wandsworth cemetery. Bui when in the course of time we 
find that the most scrupulous of correspondents no longer sends 
.his welcome record of the friends he has seen, the places he has 
visited, the books he has read ; when we wait in vain for his 
rapid incursions on the well-worn bicycle, incursions that 
"brought with them a bracing atmosphere of intellectual vivacity, 
^f kindly sympathy, of incessant endeavour; when the truth is 
•forced on us that the large, thoughtful eyes which dominated his 
countenance, can now look on .us only from liis photograpl^, 

Obituary. 77 

then we shall recognise how irreparable is the loss that we have 
sustained. The influence of his memory indeed remains to 
those who already knew him ; but the hopes which seemed so 
•bright of fresh good work to be accomplished by him in the 
future are now cut short for ever by ithe cruel triumph of the 
<:rags of Glyder Fawr, where he perished in the words of his 
^od-father, Non animg nwn pede tiluhans sed puins fraude saxi 

A. S. L. 

Rev John Burton D*Aguilar B.A. 

With the death on the 20th of May last, in his 88th year, of 
the Rev J. B. D'Aguilar, Vicar of Ash wick in Somerset, an 
interesting and picturesque personality has passed away. Mr 
D*Aguilar was the eldest son of Colonel George Thomas 
D'Aguilar of the Honourable East India Company's service. He 
•was born in India 29 July 1816. His mother, Catherine 
Burton, was a cousin of Sir Richard Burton, the famous scholar 
and traveller. On the father's side he came of a stout fighting 
fitock, being a direct descendant of the " Great Captain " of 
Spanish history, Fernandez Gonsalo-y-Aguilar, usually known as 
Gonsalvo de Cordova, Duke of Terra Nova, who distinguished 
Irimself at the conquest of Grenada in the time of Ferdinand and 

Mr D'Aguilar was educated at Mitcham, in Surrey, and 
-entered St John's as a pensioner 8 July 1836, his College Tutor 
being Mr Crick. He took his degree in the Mathematical 
Tripos of 1840. After leaving College he studied at Wells 
Theological College, and was ordained by the Bishop of 
Salisbury. He became curate of Montacute, Somerset, in 1841, 
and this was followed by a curacy at Newmarket, Suffolk. In 
1846 he proceeded to India on the ecclesiastical establishment 
of "John Company," being subsequently transferred to the 
service of the Crown. He served in India for 27 years, retiring 
in 1873 as Senior Chaplain of the Service, with the seniority of a 
Colonel. He served at Allahabad, Meerut, Roorkee, Umritsar 
and Sialkole. During the Mutiny he was at Roorkee and 
*Saharanpore, and gained much credit for the resolute and 

78 Ohiiuary. 

plucky way in which, unescorted, he persisted in holding his 
regular services in the outstations. 

Returning to England he became, in 1874, Vicar of Ashwick» 
near Oakhill, in the Mendip Hills, where he worked to the end 
of his days, a full thirty }ears. In this period of practically a 
tliird life, he saw an entire generation grow up to manhood. He 
christened the children of those he had baptised at his first 
coming. The Vicarage house of the parish was built by him, 
after his own design, and he had scarcely been in it a year when 
in 1880 it was struck by lightning and burnt to the ground, by 
him it was immediately rebuilt. He was an expert in Hindustani, 
and it is told of him that he once met a tramp who, failing to 
impose on the Vicar, relieved his feelings by using some of the 
vituperative epithets of the low caste frequenters of the Bazaar ; 
his amazement was great when he found himself hailed before 
the bench of magistrates for the offence. Mr D'Aguilar married 
18 July 1846, at Darlington, Mary Swainscn; Mrs D'Aguiiar 
survives her husband. We have seen that he came of and 
belonged to a fighting stock, and his descendants carry on the 
tradition. His two sons, one a Major in the Royal Engineers, 
and one a Colonel in the A.P.D., died before him. A daughter 
married Colonel Crookshank, who was killed in 1888 at the 
Black Mountain, another is the wife of Colonel Jamieson, who 
commanded the 7th Bengal Infantry. He leaves to the nation 
at the present moment nine grandsons in the Army and Navy. 
He was carried to his rest at Ashwick with the Union Jack over 

Rev Canon Frederick Burnside MA. 

The Rev Canon Burnside, Rector of Hertingfordbury, died at 
a nursing home in London on the 15th June 1904. He was a 
son of Mr William Burnside, of Blackheath, and was baptized at 
St Philip's, Clerkenwell, 11 October 1843. He was one of 
several brothers who took holy orders, one who died a few 
months ago having done good service both as a missionary in 
Japan and as an incumbent in the diocese of St Albans. 

Canon Burnside graduated in 1869 from St John's, having in 
the previous year been ordained deacon by Dr Harold Browne, 
then Bishop of Ely, who licensed him to the curacy of Great 
Barford, Bedfordshire. In 1870 he was ordained priest by the 

Obituary. 79 

Bishop of Rochester (Dr T. L. Claughton), and was inducted to 
the benefice of Lemsford, near Hatfield, on the presentation of 
Lord Cowper. In 1872 the Chancellor of the Duchy of 
Lancaster nominated him to the rectory of Herlingfordbury, 
>?hich he had since held,. and where he had worked with great 
zeal in various directions. He was the chief mover in the 
establishment and maintenance of the Herts. Seaside Convales- 
cent Home at St Leonards-on-Sea, which has accommodation 
for 80 patients. But the work for which he was chiefly known 
was the annual collection of statistics and general information 
about the parishes of England and Wales and the dioceses of the 
Anglican Communion. Twenty-one years ago he started, and 
had since edited, undeir a sub-committee of the Society for 
Promoting Christian Knowlege, the "Ofl&cial Year- Book of the 
Church of England," which is compiled at great labour from the 
returns sent in by the incumbents and others on forms approved 
by the Convocations of the two provinces and sanctioned by the 
Bishops ; and that his efforts were appreciated may be concluded 
from the fact that only 100 out of over 13,000 incumbents failed 
to fill in and remit the return of 1903. The result has been an 
annual record of over 600 pages, indispensable to those who 
require information of the statistical and other progress of the 
Englidb Church. He was made honorary canon of St Albans in 
1891 and rural dean of Hertford in 1897 by the late Bishop 
Festing, and the present Bibhop of St Albans appointed him hi» 
chaplain a year ago. 

We take the following paragraphs from a notice of Canon 
Burnside which appeared in The Guardian for 22 June 1904: — 

"Each one of the works which he did so successfully and 
simultaneously would have been enough to tax the energy of 
ordinary men. How he did them all, and each one of them so 
well, is, indeed, wonderful. For thirty-two years ho was the 
conscientious clergyman of a scattered country parish, with il» 
beautiful church restored by the liberality of his principal 
landowner, and wiih its well-ordered and seemly Mission church 
two miles away at Letty-green. For the last seven years or 
more he had been Rural Dean of Hertford, and in his hands the 
office was no sinecure, and led to many an interesting gathering 
of clergy and others. From time to time he arranged for Quiet 
Days for nurses from the London hospitals, with addresses by 
some well-known clergyman or dignitary of the Church. 

So Ohituary. 

But his work extended far beyond Ris' own parish antf 
neighbourhood. The county of Hertfordshire and the parishes 
of Essex bordering on it will ever be his debtors for the 
building, enlargement, endowment, and maintenance of the 
beautiful Convalescent Home at St Leonards, of which he was 
practically the founder, and ta the last the manager. There 
many a poor sufferer has been restored to health and strength^ 
and has reason to bless the name and memory of the first hon. 
secretary of that institution. 

The Bishop of his diocese, at the meeting of his diocesan 
Chapter at St Albans Cathedral on the day following Canon 
Burnside's death, spoke in terms of the warmest appreciation of 
his work in connection with the triennial festivals at the cathedral 
of the Hertfordshire Sunday-school Teachers' Association, and 
said that his management of them showed that he was a born 
organiser of the highest merit, and that everything went without 
a single hitch. But, after all, the work by which his name will 
be long and honourably remembered in the Church at home^ 
and, indeed, throughout the Anglican communion, is his work 
as hon. editor from the beginning of the Official Ytar-hook of the 
Church of England. How great was the labour of gathering and 
then tabulating with the greatest care the information which 
year by year testified to the growth and increasing efiiciency of 
the Church can only be guessed by those who have been 
familiar with such work on a smaller scale. There will always 
be some difference of opinion as to the exact value of statistics ; 
bnt it may be truly said that if those who contributed the 
information used on their small part of it one-half the pains- 
which the editor took in its tabulation, it would be still more 
valued than it is now ; and even now the highest authorities in 
the Church and the press have expressed over and over again 
their greatest appreciation of its value. Those who, as Rurat 
Deans or secretaries of societies, were brought into communica^ 
tion with Canon Burnside know well how courteous and patient 
he was, and how ready he was to spare others, even at the cost 
of greater work for himself. 

Rev John Charles Blissard M.A. 

The Rev J. C. Blissard, who died at his residence, 9 Victoria 
Square, Reading, on the 9th of July 1904, aged 69, was the sou 

Obituary. 8i 

of the Rev John Blissard (of St John's, B.A. 1828) and was born 
in the Berkshire village of Hampstead Norreys, where his father 
lived, first as Curate and afterwards as Vicar for forty- six years. 
Having received his early education with his father's pupils, he 
entered St John's, was a scholar and exhibitioner, and took his 
degree as a wrangler in 1858. Mr Blissard was one of the seven 
members of the College who met on the 8th December 1856 
and determined to found a new Boat Club in the College ; at a 
subsequent meeting held on December 13th it was determined 
to call the Club "The Lady Somerset Boat Club." Mr L. H, 
Courtney was elected the first President of the Club on 6 March 
1857. Mr Blissard became third Captain of the Club in 
November of that year, and stroked the Lady Somerset Boat in 
the Lent Races of 1858. Shortly after leaving college he was 
appointed mathematical master at Cheam College, for the 
preparation of boys for Eton and Harrow. In i860 he was 
appointed to the curacy of a new church — St John's, Tunbridge 
Wells, where during a stay of two years he succeeded in starting 
Sunday schools. In 1862 the curacy of Old Edgbaston Church 
was offered to Mr Blissard, the vicar at that time being the Rev 
Isaac Spooner. The offer was accepted, and for six and a half 
years Mr Blissard remained at Old Edgbaston, where he did very 
excellent work. At the invitation of the Bishop of Worcester 
he then accepted, in 1868, the incumbency of the Church of 
St Augustine's His removal was much regretted by the 
congregation, and their appreciation of his work was shown in a 
practical form, the late Mr Jaffray (afterwards Sir John Jaffray), 
who was the senior warden of the church, presenting him on 
their behalf with a cheque for /^i 40, together with a handsome 
clock. At this time the new church of St Augustine's stood in 
the open fields, and was without tower, spire, or architectural 
decoration. There were then only four surpliced choirs ia 
Birmingham. Low churchmen considered that the surplice 
savoured of ritualism. Having regard tathe feeling of the time, 
a resolution was come to between Mr Blissard and his wardens 
to adopt a strictly moderate eourse in reference to ritual and 

With a view to encouraging the practice of realfy good music,. 

the services of Mr A. R. Gaul, Mus. Bac. as organist, were^ 

secured, and a start was made with a surpliced choir. Frome 

that time considerable attention was bestowed upon the musical 


8i Obituary. 

portion of the service, which rendered it more acceptable to an 
educated and appreciative congregation ; while in the ritual 
there was nothing of a High Church tendency. By degrees the 
building became filled with an influential congregation, and 
Mr Blissard availed himself of the earliest opportunity of raising 
a fund for the erection of the handsome tower and spire 
included in the original design. Due attention was also paid to 
the beautifying of the edifice. The entire cost, including the 
additions and improvements, was something like /*i 8,000. 
The debt upon the building was cleared off, and at the vicar's 
suggestion a project was carried out for the adoption of a district 
connected with a poorer parish. With the consent of the vicar 
of St John's, Ladywood, a mission was founded, and the whole 
of the expenses was defrayed by the congregation of St 
Augustine's. They also rendered very valuable assistance in 
connexion with the establishment of the daughter church of St 
Margaret's, Ladywood. The congregation also provides a 
clergyman for the mission church in Sandon Road, which was 
founded during the deceased gentleman's incumbency. On his 
retirement he was the recipient from his congregation, with 
whom he was intensely popular, of a purse of ^800. 

In December 1892 Mr filissard was appointed rural dean of 
Birmingham by Dr Perowne, the late Bishop of Worcester, on 
the retirement of the Rev Canon Wilkinson. By the loca{ 
clergy the selection was well received, for during the whole of 
his thirty years' residence in Birmingham, Mr Blissard had not 
only been actively associated with church work, but had taken a 
deep and earnest interest in the medical and other philanthropic 
institutions. For twenty years he was one of the honorary 
secretaries of the Hospital Sunday Collections Committee, and 
for an equal period he was chairman of the Committee of 
Management of the Queen's Hospital. The last-named 
appointment he resigned in 1890, when he was presented by his 
colleagues in the administration of the hospital with an 
illuminated address and a portrait of himself, which was hung in 
the board room of the hospital. At the same time Mrs Blissard 
was presented with a handsome silver tea service as evidence of 
the appreciation in which her husband's services were held. Mr 
Blissard was also chairman for many years of the Magdalen 
Institution. He was one of the founders of the University 
Graduates' Club, which was founded in Birmingham in i86jf 

Obiltuxry. 8j 

and also of " The Mendicity Society," now called the Charity 
Organisation Society. 

Mr Blissard was an excellent sportsman. With cricket and 
similar exercises, as well as boating, he was in strong sympathy } 
be did all he could to farther the pastime of rowing in 
Birminghami and at one time was president of an Edgbaston 

Mr Blissard married 27 August 1862, at Famham, Surrey^ 
Emily Caroline, eldest daughter of the late Rev W. H. Stevens, 
curate of Stoke next Guildford. He published a book entitled 
Sidelighis on Revelaiion. 

Edmund Carver M.D. 

Sr Edmund Carver, for many years surgeon to Addeiibrooke's 
Hospital, and well known as a medical practitioner to many 
generations of University men, died at Torquay on September 
7th, at the age of 80. He was bom at Melbourne, Cambridge- 
shire, on 4 July 1824. His father, Mr William Crole Carver, was 
a greatly respected schoolmaster, whose pupils lived to 
distinguish themselves in literature and politics, and honoured 
the memory of their teacher ; his mother's maiden name was 
Kti^iibeth Ann Scruby. We take the following account of Dr 
Carver's career from The British Medical Journal oi i^ September 

It was in 1841 that Edmund Carver began medical work, and 
after serving a three years' apprenticeship to William Mann, of 
Royston, be became a student at University College Hospital^ 
and held the office of House-Surgeon under Liston* He also 
worked for Erichsen and Quain, to the latter of whom he was 
greatly attached. He became a Member of the RoyalCollege of 
Surgeons in 1848, and a Fellow in 1854. After holding office at 
the Brompton Hospital he took an assistantship at Nantyglo in 
Wales; he held it only for a year, but was accustomed to 
attribute much of his surgical success in after life to the 
experience he thus gained aniong the miners. From this post 
Dr Carver proceeded to Cambridge, where he was House- 
Surgeon at Addenbrooke's Hospital in the days when only one 
officer resided in the building. With untiring industry he kept 
the records of the patients' cases, gave anaesthetics at 
operations, or otherwise assisted ; was on duty night and day 
with medical and surgical patients; extracted teetb for any 

84 Obituary. 

one of the town or county, and made all the posi-moriem 

Dr Humphry, then Professor of Anatomy, availed himself of 
Dr Carver's services as Demonstrator of Anatomy, thns bringing 
him in touch with University students. Moreover, he became a 
member of St John's College, and graduated in 1858, proceed- 
ing later to the degrees of Master of Arts and Doctor of 
Medicine. In 1866 he was induced to move to Huntingdon by 
the offer of a partnership, and there became Surgeon to the 
County Hospital. His health, however, broke down four years 
later, and, after a voyage round the world, he returned to 
Cambridge* A few years after his second start there he married 
Miss Emily Grace Day, who survives him, and was elected to a 
vacancy at Addenbrooke's^ 

On the honorary staff of Addenbrooke's Hospital, with 
Humphry as his brilliant colleague, Dr Carver held for many 
years a position requiring great industry, skill, and tact. He 
was a most cautious and painstaking operator, and was devoted 
heart and soul to his patients' welfare. Rich and poor alike had 
Dr Carver's ungrudging care. His connexion with the hospital 
at Cambridge lasted during nearly half a century, and he became 
well known and trusted in the town, county, and University, 
where he had many friends and filled many offices. He was 
surgeon to the University Rifle Volunteer Corps, a Fellow of 
the Philosophical Society, and a member of the Antiquarian 

He was an original member of the Cambridge Medical 
Society at its foundation in 1880, and was President seven years 
later. It was not until 1898 that Dr Carver finally gave up 
practice, and he then still felt sufficiently young, at the age of 
76. to offer his services for home duty when the war broke out a 
'year later. After his retirement he moved to Kent, but socio 
returned to Cambridgeshire, and made a home at Chesterton. 
This summer, however, he determined to move to Torquay^ 
where his son practises, and there his busy and useful life ended. 
For so successful a man he was of a singularly retiring 
disposition, and wrote but little. A few papers in ihe Journal 0/ 
Anatomy and Physiology and in the medical journals are all that 
remain to represent the great amount of experience which he 
so seldom expressed in literary work. Quietly and usefully he 
toiled, feeling that *• to travel hopefully is better than to ariive^ 
ftnd the greatest success is to labour.'^ 



|HE third of the dinners given by the Master 
and Fellows to members of the College on 
the Boards was held this year on the 23rd of 
this occasion members of the College who 
graduated in the following groups of years were 
invited: (i) 1857-62; (2) 1877-82; (3) 1891-93. 

The following is a list of those present at the 
dinner with the date of the B.A degree. The names 
with an asterisk are those resident in the University. 

•Thr Master, 1862 
•The President, 1848 

Prof. W. G. Adams, 1859 

Dr F. J. Allen, 1879 

Mr e. R. Alston. 1881 

Mr H. H. Appleford, 1893 

Mr F. Ayers, 1891 

Dr F. Bagshawc, 1857 

Mr W. Baily, i860 

Dr W. H. Bansall, 1881 

Canon A. T, Bainett, 1881 
•Mr W. Batcson, 1883 

Vcn. Archdeacon Bevan, 1878 
•Mr F. F. Blackman, 1891 

Mr H. S. Moss Blundell, 1894 

His Honour Judge Bompas, 1858 

Dr W. A. Bond, 1879 

Mr P. H. Bowers, 1880 

Mr J. Biiggs, 1891 

MrJ. BrUl, 1882 

Dr W. L. Brown, 1892 

Mr £. L. Browne, 1878 

Mr H. A. King, 1892 

Mr P. A. Kinghford, 1893 

Canon H. Kynaston, 1857 
•Prof. J. Larmor, i88a 

Mr W. J. Lee, 1879 
•Mr J. J. Lister, 1880 
•Prof. G. D. Livekig. 185a 

Mr J. H, Lloyd, 1877 

Mr W. B. Lowe. 1877 
•Dr D. MacAlister, 1877 

Canon J. McCormick, 1857" 
•Dr J. E. Marr, 1879 

Mr F. de Q. Marsh, 1880 
•Mr P. H. Mason, 1849 

Mr J. H. B. Masterman, 1893 

Dr J. Merriman, i860 

Mr R. Nevill, i8r8 

Mr F. C. Newbery, 1892 

Dr G. Parker, 1877 

Hon Cr A. Parsons, 1877 

Mr J. Pciris, 1882 

Mr P. Pennant-Pennanti 1857 


The yohnian Dinner. 

Mr H. R. Browne, 1880 
Mr G. J. M. Burnett, 1880 
Mr R. P. Burnett, 1876 
Mr W. D. Bushell, 1861 
Dr A. Caldecott, 1880 
Mr W. J. CaldwcU, 1891 
Mr R. S. C. Carrington, 1879 
Mr H. D. CatliDg, 1893 

*Mr W. A. Cox, 1867 
Mr F. H. Dinnis, i86s 

•Mr F. Dyson, 1877 
Mr A. Ewbank, 1892 
Mr S. Farman, i860 
Mr J. C. B. Fletcher, 18^78 
Mr J. R. C. Gale, 1880 
Mr F. G. Given-Wilson, 189J 

•Mr T. R, Glover, 1891 
Rt Hon Sir J. E. Gorst, 1857 
Mr P. F. Gorst, 1862 
Mr C. G. Giiffinhoofe, I880 
Mr W. H. Gunston, 1879 
Mr T. Gwatkin, 1862 
Mr W. Hagger, 1879 

•Mr A. Harker, 1882 

•MrJ. H.A.Hart, 1898 
Mr W. P. Hiern, 1861 
Mr R. Hiles, i860 
Mr F. C. Hill, 1879 

•Mr J. C. H. How. 1903 
Mr W. H. H. Hudson, 186I 
Mr D. S.Ingram, 1862 
Mr A. Jackson, 1859 
Mr E. J. F. Johnson, 1879 
Mr H. T. Kemp, 1878 

Dr J. Phillips, 1877 

•Mr W. H. R. Rivers. 1898 
Mr J. Robinson, 1893 

•Mr C. Btf Rootham, 1897 

♦Dr J. E. Sandys, 1867 

•Mr R. F. Scott, 1875 
Canon W. Selwyn, 1862 

♦Dr L« E« Shore, 1885 

•Mr E. E. Sikes, 1889 
Mr J. B. SliKht, 1859 

•Mr J. F. Spink, 1904 
Mr J. H. Spokes, 1877 
Mr C. Stan well, 1859 
Mr C. M. Stuart, 1880 
Hon. M. G. Stuart Gray, 1877 
Mr W. O. Sntcllffe, 1880 
Mr F. G. Sykes, 1857 
Mr J. £. Symns, 1858 
Mr H. A. Swann, 1877 

•Mr J. R. Tanner, 1883 
Dr H. H. Tooth, 1877 
Mr A. F. Torryr »862 

•Mr R. Terner 
Mr R. Viney, 1879 
Mr W. Warren, 1877 
Mr W. F. Whetstone, 187^ 
Mr G. White, 1879 

•Mr J. W. Whyc 
Mr E. J. Wild, 1881 
MrH. A. Williams, 1878 
Mr R. I. Woodhouse, 1877 
Mr P. T. Wrigley, <88o 
Mr W. Wykes-Finch, 185* 

The Toast list was as follows: "The King/' 
proposed by the Master; *'The Guests," proposed by 
Professor Liveing, responded to by the Venerable 
Archdeacon Bevan ; " The College," proposed by Canon 
Kynaston, responded to by Sir John E. Gorst and the 
President (Professor J. E. B. Mayor)« 


Michaelmas Term 1904. 

The list of "Birthday Honours'* issued on November 9th 
contains the names of two members of the College. 

Mr H. E. S. Cordeaux (B.A. 1892), C.M.G., His Majesty's 
Consul at Berbera, and the Hon C. A. Parsons (B.A. 1877), 
D.Sc, F.R.S., were appointed to be Companions of the Most 
Honourable Order of the Bath (Civil Division). Mr Parsons is 
an honorary Fellow of the College. 

The Report of Major General Egerton to the Secretary of 
State for War on the operations in Somaliland was published in 
the London Gazette on September 2. The final despatch 
contains a " list of officers recommended for special considera- 
tion for their services during the campaign." Among the 
recommendations relating to the Head-Quarter Staff is the 
ibllowing with regard to Captain H. E. S. Cordeaux (B.A. 

"Captain H. E. S. Cordeaux C.M.G., Political Officer. 
Has given me every assistance in dealing with the native 
population, friendly and otherwise. I am much indebted to 

On the nth of June last the University of Dublin conferred 
the degree of Doctor of Science, honoris causa ^ on Mr J. J. H. 
Teall (B.A. 1873), Director of the Geological Survey, and 
formerly Fellow of the College. The following is the speech 
made by the Public Orator, Professor L. Purser, in presenting 
Mr Teall. A translation is added. 

Cum investigatores rerum naturalium acres et diligentes 
•semper cupide accipiamus, nunc duco ad vos virum praestantis- 
simum Jethronem Teall qui in saxorum scienta sine rivali facile 
primas agit et insularum Britannicarum Scrutationi Geologicae 
^raefectus summus operas reddit luculentissimas. Quid 
inemorem librum huius aureum Petrogtaphia Britannica in quo 
pedestri sermone usus tamen 

musaeo contingens cuncta lepore 


88 Our Chronicle. 

tam dilucideexposuit quam mirando in modo, cum in primordiis 
re rum 

terrae concteto corpore pondus 
constitit aique omnis mundi quasi limus in imum 
coufluxtt gravis^ 

saxa in suas quasque formas redacia essent et quam minutissimis 
differentiis essent inter se discriminata ut naturae rerum 
daedalae miraculis reverenter obstupescere cogamur. Quid 
multa ? Hunc egregium virum, qui, etsi cum saxis iamdudum 
rem habet, minime saxeum induit ingenium, tam natura 
beiievolentissima omnibus carum quam doctrina subtilissima 
omnibus admirabilem, insigni favore et observantia agite 

As we always receive most eagerly acute and earnest 
investigators of Nature, I am now bringing before you a most 
eminent man, Jethro Teall, who, in the knowledge of rocks, 
holds the first place without a rival, and is performing most 
signal service as Director-General of the Geological Survey of 
the British Isles. It is hardly necessary to mention his 
charming work on British Pelrography, in which, though writing 
in prose, yet, 

Wilh Heliconian honey in Irving zvords, 

he has so clearly expounded the marvellous way in which at the 
beginning of things, when 

The EattKs huge frame stood fixed and downward purged 
The black t tartareous^ cold^ infernal dregs^ 

the rocks were each formed after their kind, and also the very 
minute differences by which they are distinguished from one 
another, that we are compelled reverently to regard with 
amazement the marvels of this daedal earth. But enough. This 
great man, who, though he has had long dealings with stones, 
has by no means assumed a stony heart — a man as dear to all 
for the kindliness of his nature as he is admired by all for the 
profoundness of his learning, let us greet with the most marked 
enthusiasm and respect. 

At the Encaenia at Oxford held on June 22 a number of 
honorary degrees were conferred. Three members of St John's 
were so honoured. The following is the text of the speeches 
delivered by Prof. A. E. H. Love in presenting them for the 
degree of D.Sc. honoris causa. 

Prof. J. Larmor. 

Newtonus ille, "qui genus humanum ingenio superavit," 
solem terram lunam planetas nutu quodam et pondere contincri 
docuit, et motiis suos conficere hac vi compulsos. Cui successit 
hijs diebus losephus Larmor, cathedrae Newtonianae novissimum 

Our Chronicle. 89 

decus, qui vir ingenio Hibernus, mathematices scientia Vefe 
Cantabrigiensfs, id fecit ut in omai omnis corporis atomo mundi 
imaginem cxpressam vidcremus, cum doceret particulas 
mitiutissimas. e qui bus corporum atomi constent, vi eitfctrica 
continttri «t hoc momento coactas quasi per orbitas agitari. 
Quae doctrina non* modo in ordinem convenientem redegil 
quidquid antea de luminis iialura de vi electrica et magnetica 
compertuin est, sed nodos difficillimos, quibus implicaaturii qui 
experimentis facitndis se totos dant, omnes exsolvit. 

Prof. Alfred Marshall. 

Academfa nostra particeps est i^udis quann adsecutus est 
Aluredus Marshall. Cum euim* in litlerarum coinmercio- ece 
ratione semper uberetur quam hie in rebus venalibus coik»tantis- 
sime vindicavit ut amico porlu advenas omnes reciperet, hunc 
virum magno cum fructu inter suos adscivit, quamq.uam 
Cantabrigiae olim mathemalicae studuit et in- eadem^ Academia. 
nunc Oeconomias Professor est. Primus hie inventus est qui 
rationibus mathemalicis fretus, q:uae antea tantum ad naturam* 
rerum cognoscendam a physicis adiirbitae sunt, de commercio 
hominum et socirtate quaerertt. Cam in omni analyseos genere 
doctissimus esset, symbolis tamen parcissime est usus, et diviti> 
cuidam ratiocinandi venae rerum minutissimam cognilionem^ 
addidit, unde factum est ut opus illud maximnm de Oeconomias 
principiis non solum scientiae maturae et perfectae artis sed 
oliam. sapientiae altissimae monumentum exstet.. 

Thb Hon. Charles Algernon Parsons. 

Duobus fere millibus abhinc annis Heron Alexandrinus^ 
turbinem quemdam per ludum excogitavit, qui vapore calido 
actus per tubos inflexos afflante converteretur. Carolus Algernon 
Parsons inter Hibernos nobilissimus* scientiae etiam laude 
insignis. ita Heronis vestigiis institit ut, quod ille ludendi causa* 
finxeraty ipse in U6um nostrum converteret^ quo facilius homines> 
naturae imperarent.. Optime sane meritus est de omnibus qui. 
nrbes habitant, quibus vias et domos luce electrica hoc invento 
usus illustravit, neque minus profuit Nerea temptantibus, cum. 
his turbinibus impulsae per altum naves celeritate inaudita 
ferantur recta semper carina adeo ut navigiantium incommoda 
magna- ex parte adleventur. 

The following is the speech delivered by the Public Orator, 
Dr J. £. Sandys, at the Congregation held on Monday, 
August 22 (during: the visit of tiie British Association) in 
presenting Mr Arthur Schuster F.R.S., formerly Fellow 
Commoner of the College, now Professor of Physics in the 
Victoria University of Manchester, for the degree of Doctor in. 
Science, honoris causa : 

Virum libenter rursus agnoscimus, qui primum Mbeni sui in^ 
ripa, deinde inter Mancunienses, denique in urbe Palatina 

9Q Our Chrom'ckf 

educatus. inter nosmet ipsos et Maxwellii et Rayleii nostri inter 
^diutores praecipuos olim numerabatur. Postea solis defectioni 
in India trans Gjangen observanda^ quondam praepositus, a 
socieiate regia ob luc;s arcana feliciter explor^.la numismatc: 
;)ureo est donatus, Laetaniur virum, qui fluminis palerni in 
lipa ad rem argentariam non sine lucro magno sese dedere 
potuisset, scientiae lucem lucro praetulisse et lucem ipsam 
explorandam elegisse. Virum tal^m dum coronat. Academic 
Virtutem ips^m apmuUtqr, 

^diadema tutum 

deferens uni propriamque lauruni 

quisquis ingentes oculo irretorto 
spectat acervos.* 

Duco ad vos scientiae physic^e prof^ssorem Mancuniensemi 
Akihurum Schuster, 

At the installation of Lord Kelvin, as Chancellor of tha 
University of Glasgow, on Tuesday, November 29th, the 
honorary degree of Doctor of Laws was conferred on the Hoq. 
C. A. Parsons, Honorary Fellow of the College, 

The Council of the Royal Society have awarded the Darwin 
medal for 1904 to Mr William Bateson (B.A. 1883) F.R S., 
Fellow of the College, fof his contributions to the theory of 
organic evolution by his researches on variation and heredity, 
A Royal medal was also awarded to Professor William Burnside, 
for his researches in mathematics, pg,rticularly in the theory of 
groups. Professor Burnside entered St John's ^s a minor 
scholar, but afterwards migrated to Pembroke Coll<ige, wherp he 
was Fellow and Lecturer. 

His Honour Judge H. M. Bompas, K.C. (B.A. 1858) 
succeeds Mr Justice Gi^ntham as Treasqrer of the Inner Temple 
for the year 1905. 

Mr T. G. Carver (B A. 1871) K.C.,sOf the Northern Circuit, 
has been elected a Bencher of Lincoln's Inn. 

Mr J. Alderson Fopte K.C. (P.A. 1872), was one of the three 
representatives chosen to represent the General Council of the 
English Bar at the Conference on Intprnational Maritime Lawi 
held ^t Amsterdam in September last. Mr Foote w^s elected a 
Puncher of Lincoln's Inn, in November last, in succession to the 
late Sir Augustus Stephenson ICC, 

Mr Henry Stokes (matriculated 1867), barrister-at-law, was 
in June last appointed Assistant Admiralty Registrar by the 
president of the Probate, Divorce and Admiralty Division of the 
High Court of Justice. 

On Wednesday, October 12, a portrait of Dr James 
^Ioo^house (B.A. 1853), who resigned the Bishopric of 
^lanchester last }^e^r, was presented to Mrs Mooihouse by the. 

Our Chronicle. §i 

Dean of Manchester, oh behalf of the subscribers. The portrait 
is by Sir George Rcid. The Dean in presenting the portrait 
said that Dr Moorhouse had deprecated any testimonial to 
himself} the presentation to Mrs Moorhouse was so readily 
Supported that the subscriptions had to be limited in amount. 

A committee has been formed at Manchester University to 
J)rocure a portrait of Professor A. S. Wilkins (B A. 1868), 
Litt.D., LL.D., as a memorial of his connexion with Owensr 

Lord Strathcona and Mount Roj^al (LL.D. 1887) was in June 
last elected a Fellow of the Royal Society, under the provisions 
of a clause in iht statutes which allows of the admission every 
two years of some eminent person considered to have rendered 
conspicuous service to the caused of Science. 

At a meeting of the Royal Statistical Society, held on Jund 
21, Sir Francis Sharp Powell M.P. (BA. 1850) wds elected 
President for the ensuing session. 

Professor A. E. H. Love (B A. 1885), Sedleian Professor of 
Mathematics at Oxford, was on I'hursday xoth November 
elected an Honorary Fellow of Queen's College, Oxford. 

On Monday, October 24th, Dr D. MacAlister, Fellow and 
Tutor of the College, was re-elected the Representative of the 
University on the General Medical Council for five years from 
t^ NovenibtT 1904^ 

Dr Ma( Aiister was oft Novertlber igth elected President of 
fhef General Medical Council in succession to Sir William 
Turner, resigned. 

The Council of the Senftte have appointed Mr Edward 
Edwards (B.A. 1892), Lecturer at the Uhiversily College of 
Wales, Aberystwith, to be a Governor of that College; and 
Dr H. H. B. Ayles (B'.A. 1885), Rector of Barrow, Suffolk, to b6 
a Governor of the Calthorpe and Edwatds Education Endow- 
ment, Ampton. 

Mr F. Dyson (B.A. 1877), Fellow and Senior Dean of th« 
College, was on October ist admitted Pro- Proctor for the yeatr 

Mr J. J. Lister (B A. 1880) has been appointed University 
l)cmchistrator o^f Comparative Anatomy. 

Mr F. F. Blackman (B.A. 1891) was on November 28th 
elected by the Council of the Senate into the University 
{leadership in Botany. 

Prof VV. H. H. Hudson (B.A. i86»). having resigned his 
membership of the Senate of the University of London as one 
of the representatives of the Faculty of Arts, the Rev Prof 
Caldecott, D.D. (B.A. 1880) has been elected in his places 

gz Our Chronicle. 

At a meeting of the Archdeaconry Court for London, held 
in Sion College on October 24th, the Rev Percival Clementi 
Smith, Rector of St Anne by the Wardrobe in the City of 
London (B.A. 1871), was elected one of the four assessors for 
the Archdeaconry under the Clergy Discipline Act. Mr Clementi 
Smith is also Master of the Mercers Company for the year 

Dr James Kerr (B.A. 1884) has been appointed Ingleby 
Lecturer at the University of Birmingham for the year 1905. 

Mr W. H. R, Rivers, Fellow of the College, has been 
appointed Croonian Lecturer to the Royal College of Physicians 
of London. 

Mr T. R. Glover (B.A. 1891), Fellow and Lecturer of the 
College, has been appointed the first 'Dale Lecturer' at Mans- 
field College, Oxford. 

Mr F. V. Theobald (B.A. 1890) has been elected the first 
president of the new Association of Economic Biologists. 

Mr H. S. Van Zijl (LLB. 1901) was in July last returned as 
member for Paarl to the House of Assembly, Cape Colony. 
Mr Van Zijl stood as the candidate of the South African parly. 

On the 1 8th of November last the Rev Francis Bashforlh, 
Vicar of Minting in Lincolnshire, formerly Fellow of the College, 
some time Professor of Applied Mathematics at Woolwich, was 
elected to an Honorary Fellowship in the College. Mr Bashfoith 
was second Wrangler in 1843; he is the leading authority on 
Ballistics, his experimental and theoretical investigations being 
the foundation of all modern gunnery. 

At the annual election of Fellows held on November 7th the 
following were chosen to be Fellows of the College : 

(i) Reginald Philip Gregory (B.A. 1901), Hutchinson 
Research Student of the College, University Demonstrator of 
Botany; First Class Natural Science Tripos, Part I, 1900, 
Part H, 1902. Mr Gregory suhmitted dissertations entitled 
(i) The seed characters of Pisum Sativum; (ii) Some observations 
upon the determination of sex in plants; (iii) On the phenomena of 
Reduction Division in certain plants ; (iv) Upon the inheritance of 
Heterostyly in certain plants, 

(^) Ebenezer Cunningham (B.A. 1902), Foundation Scholar; 
Senior Wrangler. 1902 ; First Class Mrithematical Tripos, Part II, 
1903; Smith's Prizeman, 1904. Mr Cunningham submitted 
dissertations entitled (i) An extension of BoreVs exponential method 
of summation of divergent series applied to linear differential equations ; 
(ii) Note on a proposition due to Schlesinger; (iii) Integration by 
definite Integrals ; (iv) The normal series satisfying linear differential 

Our Chronicle. 93 

(3) Gilbert Norwood (B.A. 1903), lale Foundation Scholar; 
First Class Classical Tripos. Part J, 1901, Pait 11, 1903; Powis 
Medalii>t 1900: Porson Prizeman 1901 and 1903; Mt-mbeis' 
latin Essay Prizeman 1901; Second Chancellor's Classical 
Medallist 1903. Mr Norwood submitted a dissertation entitled 
Some difficulties in the Bacchae of Euripidts with a suggested 

J. A. Crowthcr, Scholar of the College, was in June last 
bracketied with Woolten, of Clare College, for the Wiltshire 
(University) Prize for 1904. 

Mr R. P. Gregory (B.A. 1901). Fellow of the College, has 
been awarded a VValsingham (University) Medal for 1904. Mr 
Gregory's Essay was entitled •* The Reduction Division in Plants 
and its significance in the physiology of Heredity." 

The Bhaunagar (University) Medal for 1904, awarded annually 
to that one of the Selected Candidates for the Indian Civil 
Seivice who stands highest in the final list of selected candidates, 
has been won by Ds V. P. Row (B.A 1904). Mr Row has also 
been awarded the Cama (College) Prize, the rules for which are 
similar to those of the Bhaunagar Medal. 

Ds H. Ramage (B A. 190:) has been awarded a bronze Medal 
for his work on spectroscopy exhibited at the St Louis Inter- 
iiaiional Exposition. 

At the request of a large number of graduates, Mr A. 
Chaudhuri (B.A. 1884), Barrister-at-Law, was a candidate in 
September last for election as a Fellow " by the holders of 
higher degrees" of the Calcutta University. 

Two Grand Prizes and a Gold Medal have been awarded at 
the St Louis Exposition to the exhibits of the Palestine Explora- 
tion Fund, which include the maps and surveys executed by 
Mr R. A. S. Macalister (B A. 1892), the Director of the Fund's 
excavations at Gezer. In iiis Rtise durch Phoenizien und Palaestina, 
published by the Deutsche Orient-Gesellschaft, Dr Thiersch 
writes as follows : ** We visited the excavations of the London 
Palestine Exploration Fund at Abu Shusheh, which are under 
the excellent direction of Mr R. A. Stewart Macalister. This 
Tell, the ancient Gezer, stands on the margin of the Phillistine 
plain, and affords the first example in Palestine of a scientifically 
complete and thorough-going excavation. The English work in 
many respects represents an ideal model for similar explorations.'' 

Professor Macalister, Fellow of the College, is the Cambridge 
Secretary for the Fund, and will be glad to receive Johnian 
contributions. The present firman expires this year, and addi- 
tional aid is much needed to bring the excavations to a satisfactory 
conclusion in the time which yet remains. 

94 Our Chfotiich. 

At the annual general meeting of the Cambridge J^hilo-^ 
sophical Society held on Monday, 31 October, ihe following 
members of the College were elected Officers of the Society for 
the coming Sessicni : Vice-President, Professor Liveing (B.A. 
1850); Secretary^ Mr G. B. Mathews (B.A. 1884) < members of 
the Council, Dr J. E. Marr (B.A. 1879), Professor Larmof 
(B.A. 1880). and Mf F. F. Blackman (B.A. 1891). 

At the amiual general meeting of the tendon Mathematicaf 
Society, held on Thursday, November 10, the following members 
of the College were elected Officers of the Society for the 
coming Sf ssion : Treasurer, Professor J. Larmor (B.A. 1880); 
Secretary, Professor A. E. H. Love (B.A. 1885); member of the 
Couficil, Mr G. B. Mathews (B.A. 1884). 

Mr E. Cunningham, Fellow of the College, has been 
appointed Assistant Lecturer in Mathematics at Liverpool 
University, in succession to the late Mr R. W. H. T. Hudson. 

Mr E. N. Marshall (B.A. 1887), w^*^ has been House Master 
and Senior Classical Master at Loretto School, Musselburgh, 
has been appointed Head Mastef of Queen Elizabeth's School, 

Mr E. L. Watkin (B.A. 1898), Lecturer in Mathematics at 
University College, Bristol, has been appointed Professor of 
Mathematics at Hartley University College, Southampton. 

Mr F. J. Wyeth (B.A. 1900), Science Master at Whitgift's 
School, Croydon, has been appointed Senior Science Master at 
Queen Elizabeth's College, Guernsey 

Mr L. A L. King (B.A. iqoi) has been appointed Professor 
of Zoology in the Medical School of the RoyAl Infirmary, 
Glasgow, and Lecturer at the Wtsi of Scotland and Glasgow 
Technical College. 

Ds H. L Garrett (B.A. 1902), who has been afi Assistant 
Master at Bridgetown, Barbados, has been appointed by the 
Colonial Office to an Assistant Mastership at Queen^s College, 
Hong Kong. 

Ds W. L. Balls (B.A. T903), Scholaf of the College, has been 
appointed Cryplogamic Botanist to the Khedivia> Agricultural 
Society of Cairo. 

Ds J. H. Field (B.A. 1903), late Scholar, has been appointed 
Experimental Assistant to the Meteorological Reporter to the 
Government of India. 

Ds E. H. Gaze (B.A. 1903) has been appointed to a Master- 
ship at Kidderminster Grammar School. 

Ds E. Gold (B.A. 1903), Hutchinson Student, has been 
appointed Mathematical Lecturer at the City of London 
Technical College. 

Our Chronicle. 95 

Ds J. C. H. How (B.A. 1903), Naden Divinity Student, has 
gone into residence at the Theological College, Ely. 

Ds C. D. Linnell (B.A. 1903) has been appointed Lektor in 
English at the Handelshochschule of Cologne. 

Ds E. Wood (B.A. 1903). late Scholar of the College, has 
been appointed to a Mastership at Tettenhall College, near 

Ds T. Beacall (B.A. 1904), late Scholar of the College, has 
been appointed to a clerkship in the Patent Office. 

Ds T. B. Franklin (B.A. 1904) has been appointed to a 
Mastership at St Andrew's School, Eastbourne. 

Ds F. M. Keyworth (B.A. 1904) has been appointed to a 
^lastership at the Royal Masonic School, Bushey. 

Ds A. A. F. Lamplugh (BA. 1904) has been elected to an 
Exhibition at Ripon Theological College. 

Ds S. C. Laws (B A. 1904) has been appointed Assistant 
JLecturer in Physics at King's (College, London. 

Ds F. C. Norbury (B.A. 1904) has been appointed to a 
^lastership at Oundle School. 

Ds T. Rea (B.A. 1904) has been appointed Lecturer in 
German at the University College of North Wales, Bangor. 

Ds R. Sterndale-Bennett (B.A. 1904) has been appointed to 
W Assistant-Mastership at St Andrew's School, Eastbourne. 

Ds D. G. Taylor (B.A. 1904), Foundation Scholar, has been 
appointed Assistant Lecturer in Mathematics at the University 
College of South Wales and Monmouthshire, Cardiff. 

Ds G. Wilson (B.A. T904) has been appointed to a Master- 
ship at Mr Littlejohn's Naval School, Greenwich. 

Ds G. F. W. Yeats (B A. 1904) has been appointed to a 
Mastership at Sunnydown, Guildford. 

G. R. K. Evatt (matriculated 1900) was gazetted a Second 
Lieutenant in the Middlesex Regiment on 12 March 1904, and 
is now serving with the Regiment. 

The "Electoral Roll" of the University for the year 1904-5 
^contains 658 names ; of these 80 are members of St John's. 

The Burleigh Preachers for the College this year were : at 
Stamford, the Rev G. R. Bullock-Webster (B.A. 1880), Chaplain 
to the Bishop of Ely, and at Hatfield, the Rev J. G. McCormick 
tP.A. 1896), Vicar of St Paul's Church, LivtrpooU 

96 Our Chratiicle. 

Sermons have been preached in (he College Chapel this 
Term by Mr Mastcrman, Professor of History in Birmingham 
University, October 16; The Senior Dean, Mr Dyson, 
October 30 ; Dr Barlow, Dean of Peterborough, November 13 ; 
and the President, Professor J. E. B. Mayor, December 4. 

A Christmas course of lectures on Ancient and Modern 
methods of measuring Time (experimentally illustrated), adapted 
to a juvenile audience, will be delivered by |Mr ii. H. S. 
Cunynghame, C.B. (B.A. 1874), at the Royal Institution. The 
dates of the lectures are December 27th, 29th and 31st, 1904, 
and January 3rd, slh and 7th, 1905. 

Mr G. R. S. Mead (B.A. 1884) delivered a series of lectures 
on •• Fragments from the lost writings of *Thriie-greatest 
Hermes,' '* in the Lecture Room of the Theosophieal Society in 
Albemarle Street, during the month of November. The 
subjects of the several lectures were as follows: November i, 
The Virgin of the World ; November 8, The discourse of Isis 
to Horus; November 15, Of true Pljilosophy j November 22, 
Of the Soul. 

From the annual report for the Session 1903-4 of ll»e Local 
Examinations and Lectures Syndicate we leain that Ds £.. A. 
Benians (B.A. 1902) has been appointed a Lecturer for tlie 
Syndicate. Mr P. Lake (BA. 1887) lectured at the Tec h nit al 
and University Extension CoHege, Colchester, during the 
Michaelmas and Lent Terms on Chemistry, and at Colchester in 
the Lent Term on The Earth and its atmosphere. Professor 
G. C. M. Smith lectured at University College, Sheffield, in the 
Michaelmas Term on Shakespeare, and in the Lent Term on 
Milton, Mr A. Hamilton Thompson (B.A. 1895) lectured 
at Portsmouth in the Michaelmas and Lent Terms on 
Shakespeare and on Modern English Novelists ; at Colchester in 
the M ichaelmas Term on The English Novel in (he \ ^th Century^ 
at Chichester in the Michaelmas Term on Shakespeare, and at 
Hastings in the same Term on Chaucer and the Birth 0/ the 
Renaissance in England; at Shildon in the Lent Term on 
Victorian Poets and Novellists, he gave a short course in the Lent 
'J erm at Richmond, Berwick and Duns on the same subject. 
The Rev J. H. B. Masterman (B.A. 1893) lectured at 
Northampton in the Michaelmas Term, and at Derby in the 
Lent Term on The Tragedies 0/ Shakespeare ; at Middlesborougb 
and Darlington in the Michaelmas Term, and at Scarborough in 
the Lent Term on Social Teachers of the Victorian Age; at 
Scarborough in the Lent Term on Wordsworth and Browning.. 
Dr F. J. Allen (B.A. 1879) gave a short course of lectures at 
Swaffham in the Michaelmas Term on Architecture. 

In the Open Competition for the Indian and Home Civil 
Service of the present year Ds S. II. Phillips (B.A, third 
wiangler, 1903) obtained the eighth place, and has been- 

Our Chronicle. 97 

appointed 10 the Admiralty. Ds G. Leathern (B.A. ninteenlh 
wrangler, 1904) obtained the sixty-seventh place, and has been 
assigned to service in the Bombay Piesidency; he will spend 
his year of probation in Cambridge. Ds Philh'ps was first in 
Physics, and in Natural Science, in the Examination. 

In the final examination for candidates selected in the Open 
Competition of last year Ds V. P. Row (B.A. 1904) obtained 
the third place; he was second in the •* combined" list (open 
and final), and first of the Cambridge candidates. He was first 
in Sanskrit and in Telugu. Ds M. C. Ghosh (B.A. 1903) was 
tenth in the final examination, and twenty-sixth in the 
''combined*' list. Ds Row is assigned to Madras, and Ds 
Ghosh to Lower Bengal. 

The following members of the College were called to the 
Bar on 15 June 1904 ; F. S. Dornhorst (B.A. 1903), at Lincoln's 
inn; Ali Akbar Husein Khan Mirza (B.A. 1903). at the Inner 
Temple ; V. P. Row (B.A. 1904), at Gray's Inn. The fallowing 
were called to the Bar on 15 November 1904: Manohar Lai 
(U.A. 1902) and Har Kishan Singh (B.A. 1903) both at Lincoln's 

Mr C. Steele Perkins (B.A. 1901) passed i\\ June last the 
Final Examination of the Law Society, and is thereby entitled 
to be admitted a Solicitor of the Supreme Court. 

Mr E. A Kendal (matriculated 1890), I.C.S., joint magistrate^ 
first grade, has been appointed to the Meerut judgeship as an 
additional judge. 

Mr A. £. English (matriculated 1890), I.C.S., Burma, was in. 
June last appointed to officiate as Deputy Commissioner, and 
was posted to the charge of the Bassein district. 

Mr W. N. Maw (B.A. 1891), I.C.S., who has been on special 
duty in the Secretariat, Central Provinces, India, was in August 
last posted as Deputy Commissioner to the Nagpur District. 

Mr W. Raw (B.A. 1894), I.C.S., was in July last appointed 
to officiate as Joint Magistrate in Charge of the Laliipur, 
sub-division of the Jhansi district. 

Mr A. C. A Latif (B.A- 1901), I.C.S., Assistant 
Commissioner, has been put in charge of the Pindi Gheb sub- 
division of the Attock district and took charge of his office at 
Jand on June 25th last. 

Mr C. B. N. Cama (B.A. 1901), I.CS, Assistant 
Commissioner, NarsingpuD, was in June last transferred to the 
Hoshangabad District. 

Mr F. J. Moss (B A. 1886), Provincial Head Master of the 
District School, Bareilly, was in July last appointed to officiate 
as, Professor of English Literature in Queen's College, Benares. 

9 8 Our Chronicle. 

Mr T. F. R. McDonnell (B.A. 1898) was in July last 
appointed to officiate as Judge of the Small Cause Court, 
Rangoon, during the absence of Mr A. H. Bagley (B.A. 1888) 
on six months* leave. 

Mr W. G. BauerI6 (B.A. 1899) has been appointed acting 
Assistant Treasurer for Southern Nigeria, West Africa. 

Mr G. M. Laidlaw (B.A. 1900), formerly Scholar, has been 
appointed Assistant District Officer and Collector of Land 
Revenue in Lower Perak, Federated Malay States. 

Mr Richard Hayes Crofton (B.A. 1901), was on the 14th of 
February last appointed to act as Local Auditor of Hong 

Ds P. G. Broad (B.A. 1904) has been appointed to the 
Forest Department of the Bombay Burma Trading Company. 

Mr H. Williamson (B.A. 1893), M.R.C.P., has been 
appointed Clerical Assistant to the department for Diseases of 
women in St Bartholomew's Hospital. 

Mr P. W. G. Sargent (B.A. 1894), has been appointed an 
Fra^mus Wilson Lecturer at the Royal College of Surgeons of 

Mr F. A. Rose (B.A. 1895) F.R.C.S. Eng., has been 
appointed clerical assistant to the department for diseases of the 
U'hroat and Nose at St Bartholomew's Hospital. 

Mr J. F. Halls Dally (B.A. 1898). M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., has 
been appointed Senior Resident Medical Officer to the Royal 
National Hospital for Consumption and Disease of the Chest, at 
Ventnor, Isle of Wight. 

Mr C. T. M. Plowright (B.A. iqoo) has been appointed a 
Junior House Surgeon at St Baitholoniew's Hospital. 

Mr O. May (B.A. 1900) has gained a Medical Entrance 
Exhibition of eighiy guineas in the Faculty of Medicine of the 
University of London (University College Hospital). 

Ds P. P. Laidlaw (B.A. 1903) has gained a University 
Scholarship at St Mary's Hospital. London ; he also gained 
the Senior Science Scholarship for University stndents at Guy*s 

At the ordinary quarterly Comitia of the Royal College of 
Physicians of London, held on Thursday, October 27th, the 
following members of St John's, having conformed to the bye- 
laws and regulations and passed the required examinations, had 
licences to practice physic granted to them : H. Hard wick- 
Smith (B.A. 1899), St Bartholomew's; C. L Isaac (B.A. 1899), 
St Mary's; F. A. G. Jeans (B.A. 1899), Liverpool; C. M. 
Stevenson (matriculated 1898), Guy's Hospital. 

Our ChrontcU. 99 

The Rev J. W. Cassels (B.A, 1869), sometime Vicar of 
1 1 ay ton, has been appointed Vicar of Eastwood, Essex. 

The Rev H. T. Wood (B A. 1872), Rector of Aldbury near 
l^hring, and Rural Dean of Berkhamstead, has been appointed 
an Honorary Canon of St Albans Cathedial. 

The Rev H. Grassett Baldwin (B.A. 1880) has been 
appointed to the Chaplaincy of Holy Trinity Church, Rome. 

The Rev F. Brownson (B.A. 1883), Rector of Compton 
Greenfield near Bristol, and Chaplain to the Bristol Female 
Penitentiary, has been appointed in addition. Chaplain of the 
Brentry Certified Reformatory, VVestbury upon Tyne, Bristol. 

The Rev E. C. Collier (B.A. 1884). Vicar of Dinting, has 
been appointed Surrogate for the diocese of Liverpool. 

The Rev W. W. Nicholson (B.A. i888), Chaplain R.N., 
hiis been appointed Chaplain of the Hermes. 

The Rev A. B. F. Cole (B.A. 1891) has been appointed 
Junior Chaplain on the Bengal (Lahore) Ecclesiastical Estab-^ 

The Rev A. H. H. Norregaard (B.A. 1893), who has been 
Curate of St Paul's, Camden Square, London, since 1898, has 
been appointed Chaplain, R.N. 

The Rev Kenneth Clarke (B.A. 1896), Domestic Chaplin to 
the Bishop of Rochester, has been appointed by the Bishop to 
the Vicarage of Lingfield, East Grinstead. 

The Rev W. L. Walter (B.A. 1898) was in June last appointed 
Vice- Principal of St Aidants College, Birkenhead. 

The Rev T. H. Walton (B..\. 1898), Curate of Monkwear- 
mouth, has been appointed Clerk in Orders in Manchester 

The Rev N. W. A. Edwards (B A. 1899), Assistant Missioner 
at the College Mission in Walworth, has been appointed Member 
of the College of St Saviour, South wark, and Assistant Chaplain 
at Guy's Hospital. 

The following members of the College were ordained in 
September and October last. Priests', J, F. L, Southam (B.A. 
1902) by the Bishop of Bangor in his Cathedral on St Matthew's 
day (September 21), for the Diocese of St Asaph ; J. D. Thomas 
(B.A. 1899) by the Bishop of Llandaff in his Cathedral on 
September 25; S. B. Priston (B.A. 1902) by the Bishop of 
London in St Paul's Cathedral on October 2. Deacpns : R. T. M. 
RadclifF(B.A. 1893) by the Archbishop of York on September 25,. 
licensed to Guisborou^h ; D. H. Boyle (B.A. 1904) licensed lo 
St Thomases, Hyde, and D. R. Davies (B.A. 1903), licensed to 


Our Chronicle^ 

St James*s, Latchford, by the Bishop of Chester on September 25 ; 
C. H. Stokes (B.A. 1902), licensed to St Andrew's with St Anne's, 
Bishop Auckland, by the Bishop of Durham in the Chapel at 
Auckland Castle on September 25; F. W. Allen (B.A. 1903), 
licensed to All Saints', Stoke Newington, and M. E. Allay (B.A. 
1903), licensed to St Matthew's, Westminster, by the Bishop of 
London in St Paul's Cathedral on October 2. 

The following ecclesiastical appointments are announced : 

Belshaw, T. 

Walsh, A. 

Stewart, W. E. 

Waid, T. M. 

Manby, A. L. 
Mayor, W. P. 

Salmon, J; S. 
Coi tier, B. J. 
Willan, G. A. 

Williamson, M. B. 
Hampson, H. 

Hanmer^ H. 

B,A. From 

(1890) C. Bradford. 

(1885) V. Stanton in Peak, 


(1862) C. Falmouth. 

(18S1) C. Eiybolroe, Durham. 

(1873} R. Bamford, Sheffield. 

(1880) V. Asthall. Oxon. 
(1882) V. St Cuthbcn's, Monk- 

(1869) V. Lastini;ham. 
(1893) C. Lacey Green, Buck?. 

(1863) K. Trusthotpe, Lines. 

(1886) V. Btckington. 
(1886) V. Newtown, Lindford. 

(Ift86) R. South Runcton, w. 

To be, 
V. Christ Church, 

Cnlne, Lancashire. 
V. Meiton, Suirey. 

R. St John by. 

V. Lonjjncy, Glouces- 

V. Chellaston, Derby- 

V. Start forth. 

V. St John's, Dar- 

V. Ebberston. 

R. Kadnage, Bucks. 

R. Bow BiickhiU, 

V. Padstow. 

V. St George's, Staly- 

R. GreAdon, Ather- 

On Friday, 24 June 1904. the Bishop of Melbourne (Dr H. L. 
Clarke, B.A. 1874) consecrated a New Chapel at Bishopscourt, 
Melbourne, in the presence of the Dean, the Bishop's Chaplains, 
and several other officials of the diocese. After the consecration 
the Bishop of Melbourne delivered a short address, from which 
we take the following passage. 

•*That no doubt may exist as to the reason for the name of 
this Chapel, 1 wish to slate that I have consecrated it in memory 
of St John the Evangelist, to link it in thought with the College 
in Cambridge to which Bishop Moorhouse and myself belong, 
and to express my affection for that great home of learning 
which has sent so many men to serve God in different positions 
in Australia. 

"You will all share my joy that Bishopscourt has now 
a sanctuary for prayer dedicated to the service and worship of 
God. Here each day I and my household can pray that the 
Giver of all Good Gifts will replenish the Bishop and Clergy of 
this diocese with the truth of His doctrine, and endue them with 
innocency of life. Here we can ask that He who alone worketh 
great marvels will send down upon all congregations commitied 
to their charge the healthful spirit of His grace. 

Our Chronicle. loi 

**A Chapel is an essential part of every Bishop's house. 
At Embertide, and when candidates for Holy Orders come for 
instruction and examination, we shall meet frequently within 
these walls and seek inspiration for the great task that we have 

Mr E. J. Brand, Gloucester Place, has founded a new charity 
for the benefit of the poor of Holborn, and has conveyed to 
trustees, of whom the Mayor of Holborn is to be chairman, 
property of the value of /'6,ooo. It is to be called the " Dibdin- 
Brand " Charity, in memory of his friend, the Rev Robert William 
Dibdin (B.A. 1834), who for nearly 50 years ministered in Seven 
Dials, and is intended to provided pensions of u. 6</. and sj. 
weekly to members of the indigent classes for the lime being 
residing in Holborn, irrespective of religious or political opinions, 
preference being given to those who are resident in the Seven 
Dials district. Provision is also made for a moderate Christm-is 
repast to fifty men and women, as well as other doles, and there 
is also to be an annual sermon preached by some Protestant 
Christian minister against belting, gambling, and the inordinate 
love of pleasure. 

The following paragraphs appeared in the Sphere for 4 June 

There have been sold at Pultick and Simpson's the following 
Bronte relics : — 

German dictionary, with autograph signature of "Anne Bronte," Sep- 
tember 14, 1843, on flyleaf. 

Prayer Book jiiven by Charlotte Bronte to bcr sister, Emily, with insciiplion 
on flyleaf, "Emily Jane Bronte, from her sister, C. Bronte. February i, 1842." 

Sepia drawing of Aldborough, Suffolk, by Charlotte Bronte, framed and 

Pencil sketches by Bramwell Bronte, two pages, framed and glazed. 

Watei -colour sketch of Anne Bronte, by Charlotte Bronte, framed and 

Homer and Horace, two vols (Amst , 1728), prizes won by the Rev 
Patiick Bronte at Cambridge, with MS. notes by him. 

All these I have had the opportunity of examining, and find 
them genuine, which so many so-called relics of the Brontes are 
not. The last owner, Dr Dobie, lent them for a time to the^ 
Haworth Museum. It is probable that he obtained them from 
Martha Brown, one of the servants of the Bronie family, into 
whose possession many relics came. 

In the copy of ** Homer" there is a scrawl by old Mr Bronte 
in his — to me — very familiar handwriting as follows : ** I^Iy Prize 
book, on always having been in the First Class at St John's 
College, Cambridge. P. Bronte. To be retained semper.*' This 
** Homer** was sold for 5^. to Mr John Libble of the Serendipity 
Shop in Westbourne Grove, who also bought for £2 13J. tli& 
portrait of Anne Bronte. 

loa Our Chrofiicte. 

A report was issued in August last from the Scltfct Committee 
on the House of Lords Offices. Referring to the late Mr S. A. 
Strong (B.A. 1884). the distinguished Librarian of the House, 
the report says : ** The greatness and variety of his intellectual 
gifts and accomplishments, as evidenced by his works and 
universally recognised, render his premature death a severe loss 
to literature and art. In the library, where he placed his vast 
stores of knowledge at the disposal of the peers, his work 
included the compilation of two catalogues, one of the general 
library, and one of the law books, to the latter of which, under 
the direction of the Lord Chancellor, he made many important 

A window has been placed in the Chapel of Ton bridge School 
to the memory of the Rev James Ind Wclldon (B.A. 1834), 
Headmaster of the School from 1843 to 1875. The cost of the 
window was provided for partly by members of Dr Welldon's 
family and partly by Old Boys who were at Tonbridge under him. 

A memorial tablet was, on Friday, July 29th, erected by the 
London County Council on No. 56, Devonshire Street, Portland 
Place, the house where Sir John F. W. Herschel (B.A. 1813) 
lived from 1824 to 1827. The tablet is of encaustic ware, and 
chocolate in colour. The inscription runs : — •* Sir John Herschel, 
1 792- 1 87 1, Astronomer, lived here." According to Herschel's 
diary, he was installed Secretary to the Royal Society on Nov. 25, 
1824, and on Dec. 1 1 he took possession of the house. Of his 
life there we know nothing. 

A brass plate has been placed in the room set apart for the 
library of economic literature recently presented to the Univer- 
sity of London by the Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths. The 
inscription runs: — "This library of economic literature, collected 
during many years by Herbert Somerton Foxwell, was presented 
to the University of London by the Worshipful Company of 
Goldsmiths, who further furnished this room for its reception," 
and bears on one side the arms of the University, with the 
signatures of the Vice-Chancellor and the Principal, and on the 
other those of the Company, with the signatures of the Prime 
Warden and the Clerk. The volumes are now being arranged 
on the shelves, and the library will be opened shortly. 

A handsome mural brass has lately been placed on the north 
wall of the chancel of the Church of Marton-cum-Graflon, Yorks, 
by the family of the late Vicar (the Rev J. R. Lunn B.D.) as a 
memorial of his Vicariate from the year 1863 to 1899. An 
inscription in Latin occupies the border, two small brackets 
give a representation of the Church and Vicarage, which (as it 
is stated in the faculty) were both built during the twenty-five 
years in which he laboured in the parish. The central figure is 
a life-like likeness of the late Mr Lunn ; at the foot of the figure 
is a roll of music inscribed '' Saint Paulinus/' the name of an 

Our Chronicle. 103 

oratorio written by Mr Lunn. The symbol \/(— 1) also finds a 
place, Mr Lunn having frequently used that in writing to friends 
as a signature. 

The inscription is as follows : Prope jacet corpus Johannis 
Roberti Lunn B.D., presbyter. CoUegii Divi Johannis Canta- 
brigiensis olim socius. Qui hujus ecclesie per xxxv annos 
Vicaiius fuit. Natus viii, Mart. A. Dni mdcccxxxi, obiit xxiii 
Feb. A. Dni mdccclxxxxix. Cujus anima propicietur Deus. 

The following books by members of the College are an- 
nounced : The collected mathematical papers of James Joseph 
Sylvester F.R.S., D.C.L., Vol. i, edited with prefatory note by 
Dr H. F. Baker (University Press); Essays on Life, Art and 
Science, by the late Samuel Butler B.A., edited by R. A. Streat- 
ficld (Grant Richards) ; A treatise on the British freshwater Algae^ 
by G. S. West, Professor of Natural Histoiy at the Royal Agri- 
cultural College, Cirencester (University Press); Handbook to the 
Natural History of Cambridgeshire, by J. E. Marr Sc.D. and 
another (University Press); A descriptive catalogue of the Naval 
Manuscripts in the Pepysian Library at Magdalene College, Cam- 
bridge, by J. R. Tanner, Vol. ii. Admiralty letters (Navy Records 
Society); Was Jesus Christ divine f a» inquiry into the Credibility 
of the Incarnation, by J. Howard B. Masterman (Wells Gardner) ; 
Notes for one yearns Sunday School Lessons for the use of Teachers, 
by the Ven James M. Wilson D.D. (S.P.C.K.) ; New School 
Arithmetic, Part ii, by C. Pendlebury F.R.A.S., Senior Mathe- 
matical Master of St Paul's School, and another (Cambridge, 
Bell); Examples in Arithmetic, by ihc^ same; St PauVs Message 
io the Athenians. A Sermon preached before the University of 
Cambridge during the meeting of the British Association, by T. G. 
Bonney Sc.D. (Macmillan & Bowes); Longmans^ Latin Course; 
Pari Hi, Elementary Latin Prose, with complete Syntax and Passages 
for learning by heart, by W. Horton Spragge, Assistant Master at 
the City of London School (Longmans); Notes on German 
Schools, with special relation to curriculum and methods of teaching, 
by W. H. Winch, Inspector of Schools (Longmans) ; The Classi- 
fication of Flowering Plants; Vol. i,Gymnosperms and Monocotyledons, 
by Alfred Barton Rendle, Assistant in the Department of Botany, 
British Museum, and Lecturer in Botany at the Birkbeck College 
(University Press) ; A critical commentary on Genesis ii, 4 — Hi, 25, 
by H. H. B. Ayles D.D. (University Press) ; Aristophanes, The 
Achamians, by C. E. Graves (University Press) ; Tacitus, Histories, 
Book Hi, by W. C. Summers, Firth Professor of Classics in the 
University College, Sheffield (University Press); An Eighth 
Century Latin- Anglo- Saxon Glossary, preserved in the Library of 
the University of Leiden, by J. H. Hessels (University Press) ; 
Clinical Lectures and Essays, by Dr H. D. Rolleston (Appleton) ; 
Selected Poems of Gray, Burns, Cawper, Moore, Longfellow ; Edited, 
with introduction and notes, by H. B. Cottcrill (Macmillans) ; 
The Theory of Optics, by Dr A. Schuster (Arnold) ; Geometrical 

104 Our Chronicle, 

Political Economy, by H. H. S. Cunynghame C.B. (Clarendon 
Press) ; Technical Electricity, by Prof H. T. Davidge and another 
(Clive); Electrochemistry , Part i—General l^heory. Prof R. A. 
Lehfeldt (Longmans); Poincari*s Science and hypothesis, trans- 
lated by W. J. Greenstreet (Walter Scott); Bridgett, P. Eduard^ 
C Ss.R., LeOen des seligen Johannes Fisher, Bishops v. Rochester^ 
/Cardinals der heili^en rotmischen Kitche, und Maertyrers untnr 
Heinrich viii^ Ucbersetzung v. Priest Job. liartmanu (Innsbrucli^ 
F. Kauch). 

Sir Robert Edgcumbe has published through Messrs Mac* 
roillan and Bowes, of Cambridge, ••The Works of Ariliur Clement 
Hilton." The little volume contains Hilton's liit!e parodies^ 
which appeared in ••The Light Green " which appeared in 1872^ 
some extracts from liis letters and some unpublished poems. 
Hiltoirs life was but short, for lie died i March 1874, his 
twenty- third birthday, but his writings have given him a place 
among the Cambridge wits, and the volume will be welcomed 
by many. In one oi Hilton*^ letters from Cambridge there is 
a reference to a dramatic Society called ** The Flies," of which 
nothing seems now to be known. 

The following University appointments of members of tl^ 
College have been made since the issue of our last number: 
Mr W. H. R. Rivers to be a member of the Special Board fur 
Moral Science ; Mr T. S. P. Strangeways to be an Examiner in 
the third examination for M.B. ; Mr A. Harker to be University 
Lecturer in Petrology; Mr H. Woods re-appointed Lecturer in 
Palaeozoology ; Mr J. B.*Mullinger re-appointed Lecturer ia 
History; Professor A. Macalisler to be a member of the Board 
of Anthropological Studies; Dr D. MacAlister to be Assessor to 
the Regius Professor of Physic ; Professor Larmor to be an 
Elector to the Isaac Newton Studentships; Mr R. F. Scott to 
be a member of the Lodging Houses Syndicate ; Mr R. R. Webb 
to be a Moderator for the Mathematical I'ripos of 1905 and ta 
be chairman of the examiners ; Mr F. Dyson to be one of the 
University members of the Watch Committee ; Mr R. A. Sampson 
and Mr J. G. Leathem to be examiners for Part H of the Mathe« 
matical Tripos in 1905 ; Mr E. E. Sikts to be an examiner for 
Part 1 of the Classical Tripos in 1905 ; Mr J. E. Purvis to be an 
examiner in Elementary Chemistry; Mr A. Harker to be aa 
examiner in Geology ; Mr A. C. Seward to be an examiner in 
Botany; Mr W. J. Brown to be an examiner for the- Law Tripos, 
in 1905 ; Dr Sandys to be a member of the Managing Committee 
of the British School at Athens ; Mr J. G. Leathem to be Chair- 
man of the Examiners for the Mathematical Tripos, Part H ;. 
Mr W. H. R. Rivers be a member of the Board of Managers of 
the Arnold Gerstenberg Studentship; Mr W. E. Heitland to be 
an examiner Tor the Historical Tripos in 1905 ; Mr J. E. Purvis 
to be an examiner in State Medicine in 1905 ; Dr H. F. Baker 
to be a member of the General Board of Studies. 

Our Chronicle. 105 

During the visit of the British Association to Cambridge in 
August last a little over one hundred members and associates 
were housed in the College. Twenty«four of these were official 
guests of the College, the others being either members of the 
College or guests of members. The following foreign members 
of the Association were guests of the College : Professor H. 
Kayser, professor of Physics in the University of Bonn ; Dr H. 
Konen, professor of Physics in the University of Wurtzburg; 
Professor A. Kossel, professor of Physiology in the University of 
Heidelberg ; Professor A. Rothpletz, professor of Geology in the 
University of Munich : Professor W. Wien, professor ot Physics 
in the University of Wurtzburg; and Professor R. W. Wood, 
professor of Physics in John Hopkins University, Baltimore. 

There was a special service in tUe College Chapel on Sunday, 
August 21. 

On Friday, August 19, the Hall and Combination Room 
were lent to the Philosophical Society for a Conversazione; at 
this about 500 guests were present. 

During the visit of the Association, breakfast, lunch, and 
dinner were served to members residing in the College in the 
College Hall. 

Professor Mayor, our President, added the following clause to 
the usual Grace : 

Hodie autcm fas sit precibus nostris Iralaticiis laeto augurio 
inserere, et communis omnium Patris tutelae commendare, 
hospites nostros uninersos, hue ex omni patria et lingua et 
religione ad uerum inter Academi siluas sumnia cum liber- 
tate quaerendum congressos, eras ad suos quemque penatcs 

On Thursday, June i6th, the freedom of the Borough of 
Cambridge was conferred upon Dr Alexander Peckover (LL.D. 
1894), Lord Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire. The dignity was 
conferred at a meeting of the Town Council with all due regard 
for ceremonial ; after the new Freeman had signed the roil the 
Town Clerk read the following address from the members of the 
Corporation : 

To Alkxander Peckovbr, Esq., LL.D., F.S.A., F.L.S., 
F.R.G.S., J. P., Lord Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire. 

We, the Mayor, Aldermen and Burgesses of Cambridge, have 
great pleasure in welcoming as an Honorary Freeman of our 
Ancient Borough, one so universally respected as yourself. 

We recall with satisfaction the general approval with which 
the news of your appointment to the high office of Lord 
Lieutenant by Our Gracious Sovereign the late Queen Victoria 
was received throughout the County, nor do we forget the 
graceful manner in which you acknowledged, by a munificent 
donation to the funds of the chief Hospital in the County, the 
honour conferred upon you by a Sovereign to whose heart the 
cause of charity was ever dear. 


io6 Our Chrofiicle. 

It was a great pleasure to us to know tfcat your interest in, 
and intimate acquaintance with, ancient manuscripts and early 
versions of the English Bible had induced the Univerily of 
Cambridge to confer on you the distinction of the Honorary 
Degree of Doctor of Laws. 

Your deep sympathy with the poor, the suiFering and the 
afflicted, of which a noble generosity gives ample proof, has long 
been widely known, your conspicuous munificence to the 
Eastern Counties Asylum at Colchester merits the gratitude of 
the people of K&st Anglia, your repeated liberal donations to 
Addenbrooke's Hospital have made your name a houshold word 
in Cambridge and the neighbourhood. 

We hope that for many years you will continue to enjoy the 
confidence of our Gracious Sovereign, and be able to discharge 
the duties of the high office His Msgestry entrusts to you. 

Given under our Common Seal this Sixteenth day of 

iime in the year of our Lord one thousand nine 
undred and four. 

J. H. C. Dalton, Mayor. 
. E. L. Whitkhkad, I'own Clerk. 

After the address had been read it was handed to the Lord 
Lieutenant by the Mayor enclosed in a casket of ebony with 
silver mountings. 

••The Celebrity at Home'* in The World for July sth last 
was Mr Robert Henry Forster (B.A. 1888), Captain of the 
Thames Rowing Club. From this we take the following 

As you chat with Mr Forster in his chambers at Artillery 
Mansions, away from the hum of traffic in Victoria Street, you 
are struck chiefly by the fact that the surroundings savour more 
of the presence of the archaeologist, the literary man, and the 
lawyer than of the devotee of rowing. True, a cabinet of cups 
is modestly placed in one comer, and a few are scattered about 
the room, but you miss any great display of oars or portraits of 
crews, although there is sufficient to show that your host is a 
good example of the mens sana in corpore sano type, which is 
shown, too, by a college career proving that a thorough 
devotion to rowing need not interfere with the more serious 
business of University life. In 1881 Mr Forster was sent to 
Harrow, securing an entrance scholarship, and he gained the 
Leaf Scholarship in 1 885, but the absence of water did not allow 
him to develop his inherent love for rowing. ** It was all 
cricket at Harrow," he says, and acknowledges having played, 
"but thinks he was never guilty of scoring a run. In 1884 he 
obtained a minor scholarship at St John s, Cambridge, and a 
foundation scholarship in 1887. In 1888 he was in the third 
division of the first class of the Classical Tripos, and in the 
following year was senior in the Law Tripos, while in 1891 he 
obtained the MacMahon Law Studentship. In June 189a he 

Our Chronicli. 107 

.was called ta the Bar, and has made convejaacing his principal 
professional business. 

By the inspection of a fine copy of a portrait by Herkomer of 
Mr Forster*s father, who died in 1901, and was a £amous mining 
engineer, you are reminded that the love of rowing is hereditary, 
for Mr G. B. Forster was first captain of the Lady Margaret 
Boat Club, and in 1853 rowed bow in the Cambridge eight 
which met Oxford in tiie race for the Grand Challenge Cup at 
Henley, and rowed one of the most exciting finishes on record, 
Cambridge — with the outside station on the old course, which 
finished at Henley Bridge — losing by eighteen inches only. 
Although Mr Forster never attained to the honour of represent- 
ing his University, he had a successful career in his college 
club. He stroked the first Lent boat in 18^7, and rowed " two" 
in the first May boat in the same year, bow in the first May boat 
in 1888 and 1889, and stroke in the second boat in 1890. In 
1888 the Lady Margaret eight was a particularly good one; it 
went up three places in the Eights, which justified an entry at 
Ht-nley. Mr S. D.. Muttlcbury took the crew in hand, and* 
in addition to winning the Ladies* Challenge Plate, it won the 
Thames Cup, the best Henley record of the Lady Margaret Boat 
Club, their previous successes being in 1879, when they took the 
•* Ladies' " and the " Visitors'." 

Books abound everywhere in Mr Forster's rooms, and suggest 
a reference to hjs own literary work, which has been of more 
than ordinary merit, and of considerable variety. His first 
efibrt was in The Eagle^ the St John's College magazine, and the 
oldest of such college productions ; he soon became a regular 
contributor, and still retains his interest in it, as. shown by an 
article signed *' R. H. F." in the June number. Many of these 
centributions were of a bright and humorous character, and 
included some pretty verse, while the river and rowing were 
often the subjects, which inspired the writer. Some of the best 
of these articles and poems were collected and published in 1901, 
for the benefit of the Lady Margaret Boat Club, and Down by the 
River forms a delightful collection of light articles and verse to 
those interested in the sport, although, perhaps, the author's 
strictly correct archaeological knowlege was not fully exercised 
when he traced the early history of rowing. The best poem, 
'*The Evolution of Rowing," contains two lines freq^uently 
quoted, but generally incorrectly acknowledged i 

** For there's nought in rowing but must give place- 
To a good light- ship and an eighl-oaied race." 

Previous to this, in 1898, Mr Forster published in Newcastfe 
a novel, 2'he Hand of the Spoiler, the scene being laid in the 
Border counties in the early sixteenth ctntury, needles to say 
with the correctness of detail of a native and an archaeologist. 
In the following year was published The Amateur Antiquary, an 
account of the Roman Wall of North umbei land and Cumberland ; 

io8 Our Chronicle. 

and in 1902 appeared another novel, TTie Tynedah Comedy ; and 
more recently The Last Foray, a novel, a book of verse entiiled 
Idylls of the Norths and In Steel and Leather^ another novel, the 
last three being published in London, the rest in Newcastle ; 
while other literary work is now in progress. And perhaps 
some day Mr Forster will ste his way to give ns a real river story, 
for Henley and its surroundings seldom figure correctly in novels, 
and there are few good accounts of boat-racing in fiction — the 
Ouidaesque oarsman who strokes "crack" eights untrained 
being the favourite rowing hero of fiction. 

Our' Library has recently acquired (but for a much more 
moderate sum) a manuscript offered by the vendor to the 
literary public at the price of 15 guineas. 

It is the Diary of his life in London kept by Sanderson, the 
coadjutor of Rymer in his Foedeta^ and the continuator of that 
laborious work after the latler's death. It extends to no less 
than 14 small 8vo volumes (bound in 6) covering the period 
1706 to 1732. 

Robert Sanderson, who entered St John's in July 1683 under 
Dr Baker, was the son of Christopher Sanderson, justice of the 
peace for the county of Durham, and a staunch member of the 
Cavalier party during the Civil War. After taking his 
bacheloi's degree, Robert continued to reside for some time at 
the University, where he became acquainted with Matthew 
Prior, the poet, also a Johnian. When Rymer died in 1713, 
Sanderson became a candidate for the post of historiographer 
to Queen Anne, and his claims were advocated by Prior, at that 
time Ambassador in Paris. But the change of ministry which 
followed upon the Queen's death proved fatal to his candidature. 
He, however, derived a certain income from his work in 
connexion with the Foedera, and probably also possessed some 
private means, for, Rymer, who was in necessitous circumstances, 
appears often to have drawn upon his friend's purse. The 
latter, at any rate, whose family were wealthy, seems, judging 
Irom his Diary, always to have been in fairly comfortable 
circumstances. In 17 19 his name occurs as one of the original 
founders of the Society of Antiquaries, and in 1719 he was sworn 
in a Clerk of the Rolls Chapel. In 1726 he was promoted to 
the keepership of the Rolls, and also appointed usher of the 
High Court of Chancery. 

Sanderson dedicated the eighteenth volume of the Foedera to 
King George I., and in the dedication expresses his felicity '*iii 
having had the honour of serving under three crowned heads 
for more than thirty years, in an employment declared by the 
three greatest Potentates in the world as a work highly 
conducing to their service and the honour of their Crown." 
The dedication suggests that he may at this time (1726) have 
been desirous of gaining further recognition and reward for his 
lengthened services. But in the following year, on the death of 

Our Chronicle. 109 

his elder brother, he found himself heir to considerable property 
in Cumberland. Durham, and the North Riding of Yorkshire. 
He continuedt however, to reside in London at his house in 
Chancery Lane, contenting himself with occasional visits to his 
country seat at Armathwaite Castle, near Carlisle. 

Sanderson was four times married, his fourth marriage to 
Elizabeth Hicks, a London lady, taking place when he was in 
his seventieth year. But he left no children, his estates 
descending to the family of his eldest sister, the Milbournes of 
Newcastle-upon-Tyne, one of whom, William Henry Milbourne, 
was high sheriff of Cumberland in 1794. 

The following extracts from his Diary afford amusing 
illustraiion of the habits of London life in the generation 
succeeding to that of Pepys, of whom however they cannot but 
strongly remind us : 

Thursday, Novr. itt. 1716. Went wA my upotise, w«ter N. Mr«. G. 
maid Burbara & cos : Jon. M. aboard his ship ye Wm. & Robt. ]yint; 
beluw Rotheihithe Church. He enieriain'd us wtb boild Beefe & peaHe 
— a roast piece of Beefe, a Giblet pye, & a Goose, ale, while wine, claiet, 
canary & punch to diinke, we tarry*d tiil past 4. a clock on board. 
Kelurn*d by water to Tower Wharfe — spouse, sister, Mr«. Giles, Barbara 
St Betty came from thence in a Coach, I came un foot to ye Ko)al 
Hzchange, tooke coach home. 

11 MM dd 

Gave ye Ship's Crew 00 : 10 : 00. 

Wednesday, July i»t. 17 19. 

Rose abt. 7. To ye Office. Mr. Rooke & Mr. Tliomton & Mr. 
Speller there. 

Att 9. went his Honour ye Mr. spoke to Mr. Lloyd, who told me 
his Honour wou'd sweaie me in a derke of ye Chapel at his owne House : 
I return*d imediately to ye office for ye Roll of ye Clerk's oaihe ; I looke 
Mr. Rooke wtb nie & went directly back to his Hour's House, who callM 
me into his Dining Roome, & there 'twixt 9. Sc 10. admitted me. Mr. 
Lloyd read ye Oath, not as Gierke of ye pettybagge but as ye masters 
subsecretary. The Onth is as ffollows (vizi.) 

You shall sweare that you will not rase or interline any of yi" Records 
to which you are admitted to searche, nor shall wittingly blot or deface 
any of them, nor shall carry any of ye sd Rgcords out of ye Chapelt of 
ye Rolles wHtout ye ptivity of ye Master of ye Rolles, or do any other 
act which may tend to ye prejudice either of ye King's majesty or any 
ef his subjects, 

Skot itlf SOU €Boi» trc 

Saturday. I3tli. Februaiy 1724. 

Day sunshine & foggy, aire cold 8c moist, wind W. 8c N.W. 

The Prince of Wales was in ye House of Lords 8c sat on the Bench 
or Woolpack before the ffire. The Bp. of London was in his place, ye 
Duke of Mountague, was there, Sr Peter King speaker. 
Fiiday, loth September 1725. 

Sifter Collis sent me a Letter of Thankes & a Present of two 
Chickens. A melancholy story of Barradin's Sister, marry'd to Mr. Hill 
ye painter's apprentice now veiy ill of a miscarriage on ye acctt. of a 
leprobHte Son not 12 years of age, stealing a Silver Spoon, his ffather's 
Cane 8c ffishing Tackle — wou'd have sold them to a souldier, who sei^'d 
him 8t cair)M oim to his parents 8c is now chain'd fast at home. 


Our Chronicle. 

Tuesday, 3d. May, 1716. 

Rose att 9. to ye Office most la Mr. Rooke was gone to Westm^ 
to attend wtb. 3 Ro]les for Mr. Joddrell. Dr. Ffinch ye Deane of Yorke 
came to me U gnve me ye iiiimes of several Reclories & Manors in 
Yorkshr. & Notts, (formerly bekmging to ye Dean & Cbaptr. of Yorke) 
to fiiide to whom they were granted in ye time of ye usurpation — ^at ye 
Office till a. then Diner, miied Beefe & Breaste of veale ro&ted wth a 
Heart's sweetbrende. Col. Thimblehy din'd wth me & I dclivcr'd back 
ye ffrenth Bookes lent to me by him, at home till past 5, then to ye 
M dd n dd 

Genoa Airs--9 : 3} & dranke now ) pt. m. 6d soe in all I owe — 9 : 9|. 
As I was di inking my \ pt. in ye fore roome one Mr. Cooke wtb. one 
young Gentleman named Pagett Paston (late of King's Colledge in 
Cambiidge, and now going to travell) came & enquired for me & gave 
me a Letler, wth Three Guineas, from my old ffriend Hr, Allen Porter 
of Swan ton nearc Norwich in Norf. he had two shillings fro ye Dr. to 
diinke wtb me. Mr. Keene came to us, & we went out of ye Kitchin 
(whcie I was then sitting) into ye fore Roome tc wth us Messrs. Tockett, 
Walsh, Rowe &c. I cover'd ye Token wth zn more & tarry*d wth them 
past 10 & then home. Bale nothing — Bed past 12. 

Sanderson died on Christmas Day 1741 in his Sist year, but 
his diary terminates in May 1732. In an entry made a year 
before, he records the death of his father-in-law, Mr Hicks, in 
llie following terms : — 

Wednesday, 7th. July 1 73 1. 

He was my Deaiesii Wife's now living ffather. He us'd ns veiy 
unkindly, & very much unlike an honest man, nnd not at all like a 
Chiislian. But I here declare yt I have & doe wth ye greatest sinceiity, 
absolutely forgive him ; soe forgive me ffather of Heaven, of thy owne 
fiee Grace, all my Infirniiiyes & my sins. Mr. Buck te:»ke what papers 
were found amongst them of imediate use, & left ye rest for me to sorte 
& he Ihen tooke ieave^ & I told htm yt I woit'd send ye sha<lc Candlesk 
as soon as Mr. Reade came to receive his money for it. Mr. Hutte came 
soon after Mr. Buck went irom me, wth a silver chocolate. 

Univeksitt Examinations, June 1904. 
Mathematical Tripos Part I. 

4 Beckett, J. N. 
17 Taylor, D. G. (6r) 
19 Leathern, G. {fir) 
26 Sears, J. £. 
32 Johnston, D. V. ifir) 

Senior Optimes. Junior Optimes, 

36 Trachtenbcig, M. I. {br) 51 Dhavle, S. B. (br) 
40 Johnson. £. W. {br) 60 Bagchi, S. C. [br) 

42 Fianklin, J'. B. {br) 
42 Sloley, R. W. {br) 

First aass. 

Division I. 
Sands, P. C. 

Division 2. 
Crees, J. H. K. 

Division 3. 
Claike, H. L. 

Classical Tripos Part I 

Second Class, 

Division 2. 
Hamilton K. L. B. 
Shannon, G. C. 
Taylor, J. N. 
Tiddy. C. W. K. 

Division 3. 
Jenkins, A. £. 

Tkifd Class, 
Division I. 

Keyworth. F. M. 

Noibury, F. C. 

Wilson, G. 

Division 3, 

Spink, J. F. 

Our Chronicle. 1 1 1 

Natural Sciencb Tripos Part I. 

Firsi C/nss. Second Class, Thifd Class. 

Crowlher, J. A. Grant, F. H. S. Chappie, H. 

Hendcrion, P. Fewings, P. J. 

Hill. J. R. Frcan, H. G. 

Df Phillips, S. H. Kitlo, J. L. 

Row. V. P. Mountjoy, V. U. A. 

Templmnan, W. H. Ds Wood, £. 

Natural Scirnces Tripos Part n. 
First Class, Second Class, Thiid Class. 

Ds Balls, W. L. (Botany) Ds Foster, W. H. Beacal, T. 

Cutting, E. M. (BoUny) Ds Gold, £. Ds Webber, H. N. 

JoUy, L. J. P. 

Throlooical Tripos Part I. 

ITiird Class. 
Pope, N. C. 

Theological Tripos Part II. 

First Class, 
Ds How, J. C. H. (Hebrew Prize). 

Moral Sciences Tripos Part I. 
Second Class. Third Class. 

Divisitm 3. Division i. 

Jones, U, Trcborth. Evans, H. T. 

Mrchanical Sciencks Tripos Part I. 
Second Class, Ihifd Class. 

Ds Jenkins, H. B. Prowde, O. \.. 

Ritchie, W. X. 

Law Tripos Part I. 
Third Class. 
Kingdon, D. 
Hamilion, A. J. S. 

Law Tripos Part II. 
Second doss. Third Class. 

Ds Hoiowilz, S. Yeoh, G. S. 

Palmer, T. N. P. 

Historical Tripos Part i. 

First Class. Second Class. 

Reddy, C. R. Rose, H. C. 

Wilkinson, L. U. 

Historical Tripos Part II. 
First Class, Second Class, 

Kiikness, L. H. Boyle. D. H. 

Nissim, J. Lamplugh, A. A. F. 

Wilkinson, £. R. 

Medieval and Modern Languages Tkipos. 

7hird Class, 

Joce, J. B. D. 


Our Chronicle. 

CoLLBGS Awards at thb Annual Election. June 1904. 


Second Year, 

First Class. 





Third Year (1903 Dec,) 
First Class, 

Taylor, D. G. \ ^^ 
Leathern ) ^^• 

Johnston, D. V. 

Tkird Year, 
First Class, Tripos Part \ 
Clarke, H. L. 

•First Year. 


Second Year, 

First Class, 


First Year 
First Class, 

WiUon, G. J. 

First Year, 
Fit St Class, 

. Coop 
Hants, H. W. 
tSl»arp, W. H. C. 
t Absent fiom part of the EzamiualSon. 

Theoloot. IIistoey. 

Second Year, First Year, 

First Class. First Class, 

Kotuou Young 

Natural Sciences. 

Johnston, A. B. 

Second Year, 

First Year, 

First Class, 

First Class, 







Foundation Scholarships Continued 

FOR THE Ensuing Year. 


DsB«lls W. L. 


Piaggio, H. T. H. 


Beckett, J. N. 


Row, V. P. 


Claike, H. L. 


Sands, P. C. 


Crees, J. H. E. 


Sears, J. E. 


Crowther, J. A. 


Squire, J. C. 
Strain, T. G. 

m '. 

Ds Cunningham, £. 





Stansfeld, A. E. 


Hardy, G. S. 


Taylor, D. G. 


Henderson, P. 


Templeman, W. H. 


[olinston, D. V. 


Thompson, E. E. 


; oily, L. J. P. 


Titlerington, E. J. G. 
Trachtenberg, M. L 


! Chan, F. M. 



Leathern, G. 


Wakely, H. D. 


Macaulay, D. 
Nissim, J. 


Wilson, G. J. 



Worrall, N. 


Ds Phillips, S. H. 


Yeoh. G. S. 

Foundation Scholars Elected. 


Aiiey, J. R. 


Hill, J. R.. 


Brooke, Z. N. 

th Ds How.'T. C. H. 


Coop, W. 


Jackson, C. A. 
Koh, K. S. 


Cullen, A. E. 



D«, B, N. 


Kirkness, L. H. 


Hassd, H. R. 


Reddy, C. R. 


Hanis, H. W. 


Sharp, W. H. C. 

Our Chronicle. 


ExHiBiTroNSRs Elected. 

ns BoHWorlh, T. O. 
m Higgins, F. A. R 

c Johnston, A. B. 

e Meldium, R. 
ns Rice, H. G. 

h Young, P. N. F. 

c classics; m mathematics; hhittory; ns 
th thevlogy ; ml modem languages. 

natural science \ I law , 

Mason Prizk. 

College Prizes. 

English Essay Prizes. 

{for Hebtew) 



{Research Students) 
Ds Laws, S. C. 
Ds Rea, T. 

Newcome Prize. 

For Moral Philosophy. 

Not awarded. 

First Year, 

Harris. H. W. 

Honourably Mentioned 

Wilkinson, L. U. 

Second Year, 

Third Year. 

Rkadino Prizes. 
1st Brooke 
2iirf Carter | ^^ 


Not awarded. 

Hughes Prizes. 

Wright's Prizes. 

Third Year, 
Beckett, J. N. 
Culling, E. M. Aiq, 
Sands, P. C. ) 

Second Year, 

First Year, 


HocKiN Prize. Adams 

Memorial Prize. 

{for Physics) 
Crowthcr, J. A. 
Ds Phillips, S. H. 


Taylor, D. G. 

Hutchinson Studentship. 

{for research in Physics) 

Ds Gold, £. 

Hughes Exhibition. 

{for Ecclesiastical History) 

Rostron, S. 

Open Scholarships and Exhibitions, December 1903. 

Foundation Scholarships 0/ £%o : 

{for Classics) Gledstone, F. F. (Dnrhtm School). 

{/or Classics) Campbell. A. Y. (Fettes College, Edinburgh). 

(for History) Ward, D. W. (Derby School). 

Foundation Scholarship cf £to : 

(for Natural Science) Adams, F. (Hymers College, Hull). 

Foundation Scholarships of £^0 : 

{for Classics) Stewart, D. M. (Shrewsbury School). 

(for Classics) Darwin, J. H. (Charteihouse). 

(for Natural Science) Jolly, £. H. P. (Framliugbam College). 



Our Chronicle. 

Minor Scholarships of £(iO : 

(/#r Mathematics and Hume, P. J. (WillUm Ellis Endowed School). 

Natural Science) 
(for Mathematics) 

{for Classics) 

{for Classics) 

Exhibitions of £^0 : 
{far Mathematics) 

{ for Mathematics) 
{for Natural Science) 
(for Natural Science) 

MillSi £. J. (But ton-OD-Trent Grammar 

Twinn, F. C. G. (St. Olavc's Grammar School, 

South walk). 
Gandy, H. (Royal Grammar School, 


DawBon, R. T. (Great Yarmouth Grammar 

Taylor, G. M. C. (Cranlcigh School). 
Kennie, D. W. (City uf London School). 
Willauft, G. J. (Franilingham College). 

Exhibitions Limited to Schools and Open Exhibitions. 



EUi.ted I October 1904. 

Sutton Valence 

Spalding ^ Symonds Bury St. Edmunds 

F. F. Gledstone 
N. Lincoln 

G. M. M. Robinson 
G. V. Yonge 

A. Geake 
H. C. Stanford 
A. G. P. Fayerman 
A. D. Taylor 

Open Exhibition of £y>, 
R. S. Cripps Yoik Place School, Brighton 

W. J. V. Stead Bradford Grammar School 

W. K. Hay Royal Grammar School, Newcastle-on-Tyne 

H. A. L. Laidlaw Perse School, Cambridge 
A. C. Thompson Si Bees Grammar School 

Lady Margaret Boat Club. 

President— yLr, L. H. K. Bushe Fox. Treasurer -- Mr, R. F. Scott. 
1st Captain — "U Fraser. 2nd Captain — H. G. Fiean. Hon, Secretary — 
P. J. Lewis. Junior Treasurer — A. G. L. Hunt. 1st Lent Captain — H. S, 
Crole Rees. 2nd Lent Captain — ¥, A. R. Higgins. ^rd Lent Captain-^ 
P. R. J. Easton. Additional Captain— K, Meldrum. 

The Cambridge Regatta was held on Wednesday, August 3rd, 
in excessively hot weather. The L.M.B.C. was represented by 
numerous members, and some good racing was witnessed. 
The Lady Margaret Maiden Four lost to Sidney by a few feet 
only after an exciting race. The Senior Four beat Pembroke 
in their heat, in spite of the fact that our cox turned the scale 
somewhat over that of No. 2. In the final they lost to a crew 
composed partly of Christ's College and partly from New 
College, Oxford. In the light pairs we were represented by 
the happy combination of the President of the C.D.B.C. and 
the President of L.M.B.C. Although this pair had only had 
one day's practice, they beat Taylor and Gillies of Caius after 

Our Chronicle. 1 1 5 

a most exciting contest, in which they easily obtained a lead, 
and were then all but overhauled at the finish. In the final 
they easily beat a Town Pair composed of C. J. M. Adie and 
R. H. Whitehead. F. A. R. Higgins captained the winning 
Scratch Eight, and in addition the following L.M.B.C men 
rowed in the Scratch Eights: — Allen, Carlyll, Collins, Cullen, 
Cunningham, Easton, Eraser, How, Kingdon, Lusk, Myer, 
Rose» Stokes, Taylor, and Watts* 

Maiden Four Senior Four. 

J. Lusk. H. B. Carhll. 

B. J. Watts. J. A. R. Higgins, 

A. E. Cullen. T. P'raser. 

H. C. Rose. J. C. H. How. 

Z. N. Brooke* J. B. RonaldsoDv 

The College was represented in the Coxwainless Fours m 
spite of many difficulties. P. J. Lewis strained his shoulder 
while stroking, and had to retire a week befor the race. Asa; 
result of this a Four stroked on bow side was borrowed by the 
generosity of 3rd Trinity, and the Four with F. A. Higgins for 
Lewis rowed in the following order: — H. Sanger (stroke and 
steerer), H. G. Frean (3), J. Fraser (2), P. A. Higgins (bow). 

In the first heat we defeated Jesus by about 50 yards, but 
were defeated in the final by the ever victorious 3rd Trinity by- 
some 70 yards. 

For the first part of the term the weather was extraordinarily 
fnild and dry, but a week before the College trial races we were 
struck by the blizzard, and the Cam became frozen over for 
three days. 

The Colquhoun Sculls were rowed on Nov. 15, 16, and 17V 
There were seven entries, and some very close racing resulted. 
On the first day M. Donaldson of ist Trinity beat G. G. Russell 
of King's by a second, J. L. Wordsworth of Caius beat S. M'. 
Bruce of Trin. Hall by 20 yards, R. V. Powell of 3rd Trin. beat 
R. H. Soames of 3rd Trin. by 70 yards, M. Farrant of ist Trin. 
rowed a bye. On the second day Powell and Donaldson easily 
accounted for Wordsworth and Farrant. The final was rowed 
in a thick fog, and it was with difficulty that one could see 
across the river. After a very hard race Donaldson beat Poweir 
by 15 yards in the fast time of 8 minutes. This time has only 
been once beaten. 

The College Trial Eights have not been so good this yean 
as previous years. There were a good number of men rowing-, 
including a fair proportion of freshmen, but most of them seem> 
to have neglected some of the most elementary rules. Thera 
were five Eights in practice during term, and great keennes* 
and rivalry existed between the two senior boats, whose times 
during prdctice were very close together. This friendly rivalry 
was perhaps somewhat marred on the day of the race by the 
introduction of a third senior boat which succeeded in winning, 

ii6 Our Chronicle. 

the race. This boat had been out for the first time on the 
afternoon previously and consisted in the main of "soccer" 
men, and it came as a surprise to all when it succeeded in 
wresting the coveted trophies from the other two senior boats. 
However, it is not often that such a close race between three 
boats is seen. Five yards separated the first and second boats, 
and lo yards the second and third. The Juniors produced a 
good race. Eventually the boat with the first station, stroked 
by J. H. Bentley, reached their post first, followed at a short 
interval by the boat stroked by W. K. Hay, who in their turn 
were followed by a boat stroked by P. R. J. Easton. It should 
be mentioned that there was a distinct head wind in the '* Long 
Reach," which conferred a benefit on the boat with last station. 
On the evening following the trials a very successful boating 
dessert was held in Lecture Room VI. Mr Bushe-Fox was in 
the Chair, and Mr Tanner and Mr J. Collin were also present. 
Songs, speeches, and toasts were the order of the day, and 
finally the distribution to the successful crews of the " pots'' 
presented by the club. 

The following are the names of the winning crews : 

Sifiiors. Juniort. 

Bow G. M. M. Robinson Bow Z. N. Brooke 

2 G.M.C. Taylor 2 D. Mc K. Ohm 

3 M.I. Robinson 3 W. C. Hallack 

4 R. D. Waller 4 £. L Collins 

5 A. C. Sneath 5 C. H. G. Fhilp 
i H. G. Frean 6 A. E. Cullen 

7 F. Johnston 7 G. C. Shannon 

Stroke H. C. Rose Stroke J. II. Bentley 

Cox A. G. L. Hunt Cox W. Byron-Scott 

Several L.M.B.C. men obtained a Trial in the 'Varsity Trials 
during practice. P. J. Lewis again strained his shoulder after 
stroking for three days. J. Fraser rowed bow until within a 
week of the races, and A. G. L. Hunt coxed. 

Owing to the frost the Trial Eights removed to Putney, and 
Hunt had to relinquish the rudder lines to Kent of 3rd Trinity, 
who is expected to cox the 'Varsity Boat next term. 

During the week at Putney H. Sanger, who had been trying 
himself at stroke, succumbed to an attack of lumbago, and Lewis 
was hastily summoned from Cambridge. Finally, another 
member of the crew crocked, and J. Fraser was summoned on 
the day before the race. The race was rowed at noon on 
Saturday^ December 3rd, and resulted in a win of 1^ lengths 
for P. J. Lewis' crew, J. Fraser rowing bow in the losing boat. 
With a Blue and two Trial Caps in the Club, our prospects 
should be bright for the May term, and we heartily congratulate 
our Captain and Secretary on obtaining their Trial Caps. 

On Friday, November 25th, the annual Lady Margaret 
Concert in aid of the Boat House Fund^ was held in the 

Our Chronicle, 1 1 7 

College Hall at 8.30. This is the fourth year that the Concert 
has been held, and we were glad to see the Hall somewhat fuller 
than last year. The programme was an excellent one, and 
encores numerous. Mr J. C. How came over from Ely and 
delighted us once more with his clever musical sketches. No 
small factor in the success of the Concert was the appearance 
on the Screens and in the Porter's Lodge of two clever and 
artistic coloured posters, designed and executed by a member 
of the College. The amount realized for the Fund was about 

Appended is the programme : 


1 . PlANOFOKTR SOLO . . <' Andante R ondo Capricioso " MendeUohn, 

R. D. Waller. 

2. SoHO <* Take a Pair of Sparkling Eyes '* Sullivan. 

J. W. Whye. 

3. SONQ. . •• " The Song of Hybrias " ./. fF. Elliot, 

N. W. A. Edwards. 

4. Vocal Quaetette "I loved n Lass " Reay. 

J. F. Spink, R. Tuenee, J. W. Whye, J. Feaser. 

5. SOMO •• 

R. P. Gebgokt. 

6. Song ** The Curfew " lionk Gould, 


7. Musical Sketch 

J. C. H. How. 

PART n. 

B. Violin Solo "Romance" Svindstn, 

A. G. P. Fayeeman. 

9. Song. . , , " Two little Irish Songs '' Herman L'ehr, 

J. F. Spink. 

10. Song. . . . , ** Come Lasses and Lads " Old Enilish, 

N. W. A. Edwards. 

11. QUAETETTE "A. Franklvn's Dogge " Machintie, 

E. F. Spink, R. Tuenee, J. W. Whys, J. Feasee. 

12. PlANOFOBTS Solo '< PoIonai<ie in A." Chopin, 

R. D. Waller. 

13. Song. " Mike" Dillon. 

H. Sanger. 

14. Musical Sketch . . . • " The Cbildren's Party " 

J. C. H. How. 

15. Solo & Chorus. • *' Lady Margaret Boating Song " Qafrttt, 

Solo by First Boat Captains. 


Our Chronicle. 

Balanct Sheet for the Year 1903-4. 


£ s, a. 

Balance at the Bank. . . . 57 17 3 
General Athletic Club .. 370 o o 
Eutrance Fees, &c 16 5 3 

JC444 2 6 


C.U.B.C. Assessment .. 
„ Enliance Fee 


Horse hire 

Horses standing(Callaby) 
Boat House : 


Imperial Taxes .... 


Painting outside . . 
Foister, Washing .... 
Munsey, for Prizes .... 

Water Rates 

Gas Rates 

Ayling and Pocock for 


Wages (Foister and 


Coal and Coke 

Bills : Repairing and 

Maintenance • 

Feriies and Locks .. . 
Royslon, painting names 

of crews 


Blazers and Caps for 


Sundry small bills : 

Senior Treasurer 
Junior Treasurer 

Cheque Book 

Cash in hands of Junior 
Treasurer ...,...,.. 
Balance at the Bank 

90 3 9 


48 o o 

21 II 
2 II 

15 10 

2 13 
I 10 

23 10 

14 2 

36 6 

7 13 


R. F. Scott, Treasurer. 
Audited and found correct, F. Watson. 

20 October t 1904. 



32 10 o 

75 13 o 

35 19 10 

3 19 o 

X 9 2 

2 10 o 

I IS 4 


4 12 9 
12 12 o 

jf444 2 6 

General Athletic Club. 

At a Committee Meeting held on November 3 in Mr Sikes'' 
rooms the following were nominated as Junior Members of the 
Committee : — A. L. Gorringe (to be Secretary), P. J. Lewis. 

The following were elected to serve for the current term on 
the Reading Room Committee : — Messrs. M. G. Frean, E. W. 
Arnott, M. S. Crole-Rees. 

The usual grants were made to the various clubs. 

A General Meeting was held on November 10 in Lecture 
Room VI, at which the two Junior Members of the Committee 
were elected for the ensuing year. 

Our Chronicle. 


St. John's College Amalgamated Athletic Club. 

Balance Sheet for thi Year 1903-4. 


Balance in the Bank • . . 

Subscriptions : 
Ms. Term 1903 235 2 
Lt. Term 1904 186 15 
£. Term 1904 244 2 

. 56 4 5 

-666 o o 

£1^^ 4 5 



To Lady Margaret Boat 

„ Cricket Club .... 

„ Football Clubs . . 

„ Athletic Club 

„ Lawn Tennis Club 

„ Lacrosse Club. . .. 

„ Hockey Club 

„ Fives Club ...... 12 

Printing Bill 2 

Collector's Fee 13 

370 o 

no o 

54 " 










Balance forward 15 16 1 1 

jf722 4 5 

R. F. Scott, Treasuter, 

Audited and found correct, L. H. K. BUSHB-Fox. 
4 November, 1904. 

Chess Club. 

Piesident—Mr W. H. Gunston. Vice-President— C, C. Carter. Hon. 
Sec. — ^J. R. Aircy. I/on. Treasurer — P. B. Vinycombe. Committee-^ 
G. C. Shannon and £. E. Thompson. 

The Club meets every Friday at 8 p.m. 

Twelve new members were elected this term, bringing up 
Ihe total to 22. Two matches have been played — one against 
the Conservative Club, when, owing to several of our strong 
players being unable to take part in the match, we were defeated 
by 6^ to 3^ — the other, against Selwyn, with the following 
result : — 


G. Leathern ) 

L.T.P. Jolly I 

F. W. Edridgc Green I 

A. Geake X 

•J. R. Airey x 

C. C. Carter o 

£. £. Thompson I 


J. A . Horrocks \ 

A. H. Muiray o 

W. W. H. Nash o 

F. P. Scoll o 

R. H.Maddocks o 

P. MacD. Sanderson i 

A. H. Slarey o 

* Adjudicated. 


The two remaining matches are v, Pembroke on December 2, 
and V, Trinity on December 6. 

Mr Gunstcn g^ive a simultaneous exhibition on Wednesday, 

I20 Our ChranicU. 

November 23, when ten members of the Clnb vainly endtavonred 
to defeat their President. Mr Gunston won all the ten games. 

A knock-out Tournament is in progress. Fifteen players 
entered, and as the result of two rounds' play there are seven 

Long Vacation Cricket Club. 

CapiatH'-K. Mc C, Linnell. Hon, Sec—B, T. Wattt. 
Matches played 9 ; Won i ; Lost o ; Drawn 8. 


Times Total Highest 

Innings. not out. Runs. Score. Averr. 

B. T. Watts 8 .... o .... 468 .... 105 .... 58-50 

R. Mc C. Linnell 8 .... o .... 355 .... 75 .... 44-37 

T. C. H. How 6 .... o .... 229 .... 102 .... 38-16 

H.ChappIe 3 .... o .... 112 .... 7± .... 37.33 

A.C.Belgrave 7 .... 4 .... 108 28*.... 3600 

Chappie 3 o 112 .... 7± .... 37.33 

C. Belgrave 7 .... 4 .... 108 28*.... 3600 

L. H. K. Bushe-Fox . . 3 .... i .... 47 .... 34 2350 

R.P.Gregory • 4 .... o .... 90 .... 34 .... 22.50 

A. J. S. Hamilton .... 6 .... I .... loo .... 29* .... 20-00 

R.P.Gregory • 4 .... o .... 90 .... 34 .... 22.50 

".J. S. Hamilton .... 6 
C.F. Kcelilc 9 .... o .... 154 .... 55 .... 17-11 

H. Goddaid 3 .... o .... 36 .... 22 .... 12*06 

A. T. Densham 3 .... i .... 23 .... ix .... 11-50 

R.G.GiU 6 .... 2 .... 7 .... 6 .... 1-75 

* Signifies not out. 


Overs. Wicketa. Rons Atot. 

R.P.Gregory 31 .... 7 ...• U^ I9*4a 

K. Mc C. Linnell 112 .... 23 .... 463 .... 20-13 

H.ChappIe 22 5 1 16 23-20 

R.G.Gill 29 .... 6 .... 147 .... 24-50 

B.T.Watls 86 ....11 .... 465 .... 42-27 

The annual match with the College Mission was played on 
August I, which resulted, after a good game, in a victory for the 

Rugby Union Football Club. 

This term we have been very successful, though the total 
number of matches played is perhaps rather less than usual, 
owing chiefly to the hard frosts at the latter end. Out of eleven 
matches we have won eight, drawn 2, and lost one. The result 
is the more creditable considering that our Captain, H. Lee, and 
W. T. Ritchie have only been able to assist us in two of the 
matches, their services being required by the 'Varsity. 

Our only defeat, by Clare, is the only item in the term*s 
football not entirely satisfactory, as we defeated several stronger 
teams. Perhaps the best matches were those against Trinity 
and Pembroke. Against the former we turned out at full 
strength, and a well contested struggle ended in a pointless 
draw. Both the matches against Pembroke were hard games, 
the first resulting in a victory for us by eight points to six, and 
the second in a draw of six points each. With an ordinary 




'< HARRY. 


Our Chronicle, 121 

degree of luck this latter match, and that against Trinity, might 
Itavc ended in our favour. 

We were represented in the Seniors' Match by H. Lee ; and 
in the Freshers' by A. E. Evans, J- G.Scoular, W. C. Thompson, 
and R. V. Hogan. These four, and H. A. Beresford, have beta 
awarded their ist XV. Colours. 

To OUK Cartook. 

Here droops his head towards the lap of earth, 
A youth to musty Scholarship unknown ; 

Though Science claimed him from his early birth, 
Twas Rugby Football marked him for her own, 


H ail Pilluped of ceruleas hue I 

Loud with encomiastic admiration. 
Exuberant thy friends pauctY {xn few), 
£xtend to thee their warm congratulation. 

R. D. B. 

Association Football Club: 

As of late years, so this year we have been unfortunate in 
that some of our regular players have been unable to assist us \x% 
our most important matches. Early in the term both our backs 
were crocked, and two of the half-backs were called upon to fill 
their places. This rearrangement of the team necessarily 
weakened the defence, and in consequence somewhat heavy 
scores have been registered against us, in spite of the consis- 
tently good form shown by the goalkeeper. The forwards so 
far have not realised the expectations formed of them at the 
beginning of the term. They must learn to go straighter and 
play with more dash. With a full team next term we hope to. 
have more success than we have had this term. 

The 2nd XI. has shown consistently good fornri, as may be- 
seen from their record up to date. 

P. C. Sands and A. J. S. Hamilton played in the Seniors' 
Match, and F. Johnston in the Freshmen'^s. The latter has alsa 
played for the 'Varsity. 

Below are appended the records of matches up to date oi 
both the first and second elevens. 

First XL 

Cluk, Ground. Result. For AgsU 

Caius St John's .....Won ....4.. ..2 

Christ's Christ's Won ....3....0 

Emmanuel Emmanuel Won ....a.^..^ 

King's St Johirs Drawn.. ..2.... a 

VOI-. XXVI. a 

12 J Our Chronich. 

JeAQS Jesas Won ....3....0 

•Queens' St John's Li>st .... I ... .a 

•icsus Jesus , Won ....3....1 

Caius St John's Lost ....i....a 

Sidney (A team) St John's Won ....7. ...I 

•Pembroke , ....Pembroke Lost ....I.... 6 

•Ttiniiy Rest Trinily Lost ....I. ...6 

Trinity Rest Triniiv Drawn. . .. 2 .... a 

•King's St John's Won ....3....1 

•Queens' Queens' Lost .... i ... .9 

Christ'sII St John's Won ....a. ...I 

^ League Matches, 

Second XI, 

Christ'sIT St John's .......Won •...4....0 

Emmanuel li Emmanuel Won . . . . I . . o 

Jesus II St John's Won ....4....0 

king's II St John's Won .... 5 ... .0 

Trinity Etonians ....St John's Lost ....1....3 

Caius n Cams Won ....a.... I 

Trinity Rest II Trinity .Lost ... .a ... .3 

Clare II Clare ......Lost ....o....a 

King'sn King's Won ....1....0 

Pembroke II Pembroke Won .... I ... .0 

Clarell St John's I/>st ...,!., ..3 

Musical Society. 

rretid4nt—T>T Sandys. Treasurtr^-Rev A. J. Stevens, Librarian^ 
C. B. Rootham M.A. J/m. Sec.^G. C. Crag^s. CommttUe^A. Chappie. 
R. Turner, W. J. Whye, J. Eraser, C. B. L. Yean»Iey, A. G. Fayerman. 

The Chorus has been hard at work this term preparing for 
next term's performance of Bach's " Trauereim " in the ChapeU 

Two successful Smokers have been given this term, at which 
the Freshmen were well represented. 

Programme of first Concert, October a6 :-** 


1 Piano Dust . . . . " Symphonische Vai iationen '* . , NicodS 

G. C. Cragos, R. £>. Waixbb. 

2 SONO.... ,... 

R. P. Grkgoky. 

3 VIOUN Solo. ...... , "Salut D* Amour".... ,.,, ^Elgar 

A. G. Fayerman. 

4 Song " The Windmill" NiUoH 

R. Turner. 

5 Piano Solo ."Arabesque". ........... ....,, Chaminadg 

R. D, Waller. 


6 Song...,. ''Come into the Garden, Maud'* .,,Ntliom 

J. W. WavK. 

Out chronicle* uj 

7 VlOUK Solo " Mazurka " , ,,BohM 

A. G. Fayerm AN. 

€ Vocal Duet. 4 « Sing me to Sleep " *....: Greend 

J. W. Whyk, R. TUkNEK. 

9 PiAKO Solo. , . , " Polonaise No. 2 " Lini 

R« D. Waller. 

lO Song " The little Irish Girl" .- Ldhr 

R. Turner. 

Mr Busbe-Fox ver}* kinrltjr took the Chair. 

Ptogramme of second Concert, November 1 7 :— 
PART 1. 

1 ViOLiK DUKT. . . <* Entr'acte from Rosamunde *' Schuhirt 

A. G. Fayrrman, C. C. Plow right. 

t Song .« " Highland Cradle Song '* SchumanH 

L. G. Reed (King^). 

3 Piano Solo *' IJcbsIted '* Schumann-List 

A. Chapplr. 

4 Song " The Calf of Gold " (Faust) Gounod 

Mr A. H. Young. 

5 QUARTRTTK .'• The Frog" Anon 

J. W. Whye, J. F. Spink, R. Turner, J. Fxaskr. 

6 Song (Humorous).. «.... "Mulliiigar" ,,. Martin 

L. R. Ferguson. 

PART n. 

7 SollG «• The Song of the Toreador" Biut 

Mr A. H. Young. 

8 Piano Solo.. .«"Romanze" .,, Schumann 

A. Chappls« 

9 Song , • <* Is life a boon ? " .«.. ,,,SulltvaH 

L. G. Reed (King's). 

10 Quartette " Come, Zephyr, gently " J^ngst 

J* W. Whye, J. F. Spink, R. Turner, J. Frasek. 

11 Song ««ThePoet" Chevalier 

L. R. Ferguson. 

Mr Tanner ver;r kindly took the Chain 

1^4 Our Chronicle^ 

Natural Science Club. 

Prisidtnt^-'¥, Hortoj). Trtasunr^lh Man. Secretary^K. E, StansfelJ* 

At the commencement of the term there were six vacancies 
in membership of the Club, and the following were elected : — 
W. L. Balls, F. W. Edridge-Green, H. N. Webber, T. A. 
Weston, J. E. Sears, and H. C. Honeybourne. Later, three 
more vacancies occurred, and P. C. V. Jones, J. R. Airey, and 
R. H. Vercoc were elected at the last meeting. 

Four well-attended meetings have been held. The first of 
the term and igih meeting of the Club was held on October 17. 
Mr R. P. Gregory read a paper upon '* Some breeding experi- 
ments in primroses/' which was particularly interesting as being 
largely the result of his own work. 

On October 3 DrMarr gave a paper upon *' Rock Pinnacles,** 
illustrated by lantern slides. Mr Adie contributed a paper 
upon " Matter*' at the third meeting on November 14. It was 
followed by a long and interesting discussion, chiefly sustained 
by the physicists of the Club who now form its strongest 
section. I'he last meeting of the term was held on November 28, 
when P. S. Barlow read a paper upon '* Dcscarte and Physical 

C. U. F. V. 

" G " Company. 

Captain — R. D. Brownson. Lieutenant — F. Wbile (attached). Second 
Lieutenant -E. R. Fcrgusun (attached). Setgeiutts — G. C. Ciag|;«*, C. F, A. 
Kecble. Corporals — K. M. Moore, J. Lu5>k. Lance- Cot poral^H. C. 

The Company this term is weak, and Freshmen should make 
every effort to give it their support, as the Company cannot 1)6 
kept up unless the Freshmen of each year fill up the vacancies 
caused by the departure of old members. 

The Comp^iny took part in a very successful night attack in 
the middle of the term. The f>eld day at Oxford had to be 
postponed, owing to the bad condition of the ground, and will 
lake place early next term. 

A small field day was held on Thursday, December ist, in 
the neighbourhood of Cambridge. 

In Camp the Company acquitted itself creditably, and 
obtained an equal second place in the Shiirp-shooiing. 

In the new musketry course the Company has done quite 
well, considering that the whole scheme was entirely different 
from the old course. Shooting for the new year has now begun, 
and Members should remember that it is advisable to fire llicir 
course early. ^ 

Our Chrom'cle. 125 

Organ Recital. 

An Organ Recital was given by Mr C B Roolhara, College 
Organist, in the Chapel on Sunday, December 4. at 8.45 p.n). 
The programme was as follows : 

1. Pristoral Synjphony from Cbiistmas Oratoiio I ^ « „ , 

\ /. S Bach* 

2. Toccata, Adagio and Fugue in C major / 

3. Menuelto e Marcia (from 3rd Symphony) fPidur. 

4. Sonata (No. 6) in D minor Mendels\ohn, 

Choral wiih Variations: Fuga : Audante. 

5. Duetto Rhtinberger, 

6. l^antasie (No. 2) sur Des Noels Guihnant, 

Theological Society. 

President— W, G. Cheese. Ex- President— J. H. A. Hart, M.A. 
Secretary— S, N. Rostron. Treasurer— R. D. Waller. CommitUe— 
A. Wliiiehousc, R. E. T. Bell. 

Ilie following meetings have been held this term : 

Oct. 28 — "Cliangc in Religious Thought during ray lifetime," by Professor 
Mayor, Hiesident of the College. 

Nov. 4 -"Modem Criticism of ibe Old Testament," by Rev Professor 
Kirkpalikk, Master of Selwyn College. 

Nov, II— «*The Inspiration of Holy Scripture," by A. B. Cook, E>»q., M.A., 
Fellow of Queens* College. 

Nov. 18— ** Babylonian Account of the Flood," by Rev C. H. W. Johus^ 
M.A., Fellow ol Queens* College. 

Nov. 25 — Business meeting for election of officers. 

There are 23 members and associates in residence. 

Debating SociEnr 

President —W, W. Harris. Vice-President -Z. N. Biooke. Treasurer^ 
W. Coop. Secretary ^K, G. Coombs. Committee -J. C. Squire and P. N. F» 

Tlie Society has awakened from its summer sleep into autumn 
argument, and seems to have grown in bulk during its comatose 
period. There have been seven meetings for debate so far this 
term, and they seem to have increased in interest and vivacity, 
culminating in an impromptu debate held on Saturday, 26th 
November. The speeches have been numerous, and though we 
can by no means call them all bad, we could venture to point out 
that they have not all been good. Since one of the objects of 
the Society is to enable its Members to learn to speak, we are 
not inclined to be very alarmed at this condition of affairs. We 
may perhaps be allowed also to remark that the improvement it) 

1215 Our Ckrofttcle. 

some members' speeches is sufficient to be readily noliced. A 
very favourable feature is the excellent attendances which the 
debates have attracted, and if certain members could be induced 
to be speakers, and not hearers only, we should be siill more 
delighted. Considering that the attendance has never been 
less than forty, we are bound to conclude that there must be still 
some latent talent amongst the silent members. The influx of 
Freshmen is also encouraging. Some can speak already, whilst 
others evince a promising future. 

We beg to heartily congratulate Mr H. W. Harris 
(President) and Mr C. R. Reddy on iheir continuous success at 
the Union. 

Saturday. 15 October. Mr W. Coop (Hon. Treas.) moved 
"That we read too much." Mr Z. N. Brooke (Vice-President) 
opposed. There also spoke for the motion: — Messrs P. N. F. 
Young, C. F. Hodges, F. Jenkins. D. W. Ward. Against the 
motion there spoke: — Messrs J. C. Squire, G. J. Wilson. H. A. L. 
Laidlaw, A. B. Johnston, H. D. Wakely, F. W. Edrige-Green, 
W. Clissold and A. Y. Campbell. The Hon Opener having replied « 
on a division there appeared for the motion 20 votes, against the 
motion 20 votes. The President gave his casting vote against 
the motion, which was therefore lost by i vote. Seventy-one 
members and visitors were present during the evening. 

Saturday, 22 October. Mr C. F. Hodges moved "That in 
the opinion of this House life is too prosaic." Mr A. G. 
Coombs (Hon. Sec.) opposed. The motion was also supported 
by Messrs D. W. Ward, W. Clissold, R. Meldrum, W. Coop 
(Hon. Treas.) and J. Fraser. There spoke in opposition 
Messrs A. Y. Campbell. J. H. W. Trumper, A. B. Johnston, 
E. F. Jenkins, H. D. Wakely, H. A. L. Laidlaw, E. A. Benians, 
D. W. Coates, C. R. Reddy and P. N. F. Young. The Hon 
Opener having replied, on a division there appeared for the 
motion 14 votes, against the motion 25 votes. The motion was 
lost by 1 1 votes. Fifty-eight members were present during the 

Saturday, 29 October. Mr C. R. Reddy proposed "That 
England is suffering from the tyranny of the masses.*' Mr J. C. 
Squire opposed. There also spoke in favour of the motion 
Messrs H. K. Finch (Hon. Auditor), G. S. Ycoh, G. T. 
Willans, G. J. Wilson, W. Coop (Hon. Treas.), and against it 
Messrs W. J. Clissold, W. H. C. Sharp, L. U. Wilkinson, 
P. N. F. Young, A. B. Johnston and A. L. Gorringe. The Hon 
Opener having replied, there appeared on a division, for the 
motion 12 voles, against the motion 22 votes. The motion was 
therefore lost by 10 votes. Forty-eight members were present 
during the evening. 

Our Chionicle, 127 

Saturday, 5 November — The Freshmen's Debate. Mr D.. W. 
Coates moved •• That the Scotch take life too seriously/' Mr 
A. Y. Campbell opposed. There also spoke for the motion 
Messrs F. Jenkins, D. W. Ward, G. M. C. I'aylor, Z N. Brooke 
(Vice-Piesident) and T. Cooper. Against the motion Messrs 
H. A. L. Laidlaw, A. G. Coombs, W. Byron-Scott, W. Coop 
(Hon. Treas.), J. Fraser, M. Henderson, R. T. Cole, R. 
Meldrum, E. J. Mills and H. W. Harris (President). The Hon 
Opener having replied, on a division there appeared for the 
motion 8 votes, against the motion 19 votes. The motion was 
therefore lost by 1 1 votes. Forty-one members were present 
during the evening. 

Saturday, 12 November, Mr G. S. Yeoh moved "That this 
House would welcome the introduction of a system of leasehold 
marriages." Mr P. N. F. Young opposed. There also spoke 
for the motion Messrs J. H. W. Trumper, W. H. C. Sharp, 
L. U. Wilkinson, T. A. Weston and D. W. Ward. Against the 
motion Messrs G. J. Willans, M. Henderson, R. T. Cole, G. !• 
Wilson. C. F. Hodges, W. K. Hay, H. T. H. Piaggio, D. W. 
Coates and H. A. L. Laidlaw. The Hon Opener having replied, 
on a division there appeared for the motion 1 1 votes, against 
the motion 26 votes. The motion was therefore lost by 15 

Saturday, 19 November, Mr H. L. Pass (ex-President) moved 
''That modern journalism exercises a demoralising influence on 
national life." Mr £. A. Benians opposed. There also spoke 
for the motion Messrs H. D. Wakely, C. F. Hodges and A. G. 
Coombs; against the motion Messrs Z. N. Brooke (Vice- 
President), M. Henderson, A. B. Johnston. The Hon Opener 
liaving replied, on a division there appeared for the motion 16 
votes, against the motion 13 votes. The motion was therefore 
won by 3 votes. 

Saturday, 26 November. An Impromptu Debate was held on 
ihis date in order that the Hon Members might discuss certain 
subjects in a lighter vein than usual. 

Mr Newton Worrall was drawn first for the subject " That the 
English Nation is becoming degenerate." Mr H. A. L. 
Laidlaw in opposition alluded to the Hon Opener's prowess, 
'* ethically, morally and socially," with the result that the motion 
ivas lost by a majority of 1 6 votes. 

Mr J. Fraser proved up to the hilt " That in the opinion of 
jthis House lectures ought to be abolished." Mr D. W. Coates 
in opposing said that he knew that his duty was to make as big 
gi fool of himself as possible. He was not successful in winning 
Ills case by 35 votes to 7. 

laS Our Chronich. 

Mr F. A. R. Hig(>ins endeavoured to speak >vithoat a 
profound knowledge of his proposition, "That it is belter 10 
liave loved and lost, than to have never loved at all," and found 
that it needed considerable meditation and time for reference 
work. Mr M. Henderson drew from his extensive personal 
experience much to say against the motion. Curiou^-ly enough 
many Hon Members were unconvinced by the opposer*s rlteloric,. 
and the motion was won by lo votes. 

Mr A. C Thompson and Mr C. H. G. Philp were so 
astonished at the flippancy of the motion **That we lake 
each other too seriously," that they stood aghast, and were 
promptly fined by ihe President. The motion was lost by 5 
vol«-s. Up to this time there had been many interruptions — 
especially from the President — but a period of comparative q^uiet 
was then entered upon. 

Mr C. L. Drnce proposed "That the interest in poetry is on 
the decline." Mr R. G. Gill opposed the motion, which was 
won by 6 votes. Fortunately neither member quoted poetry to 
support his views. 

Mr G. S. Yeoh moved "That a University degree is not 
necessarily a badge of intelligence," and in doing so made 
touching reference lo the London cabmen of the futuie. Mr 
P. N. F. Young opposed. On a division there appeared for the 
motion 34 votes, against the motion 3 votes. We are requested 
to correct the report that only undergraduates voted for th6 
motion, as this was the only instance during the evening of 
a mover supporting his own motion. 

Mr Z. N. Brooke (Vice-President^ proposed "That there 
should be no work between meals," and showed by argument* 
of the latest approved style that hence there would be less work 
and more pay for everyone. Mr J. H. E. Crees replied. The 
motion was won by 6 voles. 

Mr W. Byron-Scott brought forward an astonishing number 
of entirely new facts to show **That this House would welcome 
the reduction of the number of members of Parliament fron> 
Ireland." He seemed lo have quite convinced the Honourable 
Auditor (Mr H. K. Finch), who did not combat any of them. 
The motion was won by 4 votes. 

Mr M. F. J. McDonnell (Ex-Pres.) was drawn next, and while 
he was pointing ihis out to the President the latter requested 
liim to go on with his speech. The Hon. Ex-Pres. immediately 
sat down after proposing ''That deaf men are the happiest." 
The opposcr's (Mr D. W. Ward) acquaintance was limited to 
ladies (!) of this category, and so the House was forced to pass, 
tlie motion by i vote. 

Our Chronicle. tig 

Mr W. Coop (Hon. Treas.) was very eloquent until he ventured 
to ask again what his motion was. When he learnt it, he at 
once resumed a sitting posture. Mr C. F. Hodges carefully 
wrote the motion down at tiie President's dictation, compl lined 
that he had a cold, and then brandished a large sheaf of notes 
in the face of the astonished House. Unfortunately the notes 
were written in large handwriting and the House heard only 
a short speech. The motion was " That this House views with 
the utmost disgust the system of University Extension and 
regards it as a national curse." The President gave his casting 
vote in favour of the motion. 

Mr A. L. Gorringe proposed "That in the opinion of this 
House the habit of smoking is deleterious." Mr R. T. Cole 
opposed the motion. The Hon. Opener was considerably 
incommoded by the smoke-laden atmosphere of the corner from 
which he spoke, but carried his motion by 1 2 votes. 

The President then arose, and denouncing in strident tones 
the disgraceful behaviour of Mr M. F. J. McDonnell requested 
him to leave the House. The offended Ex-President stated that 
he had no intention of squabbling, but at the same time ventured 
to mildly expostulate. The President immediately adjourned the 
House. Forty-four members were present during the evening. 

LoNQ Vacation Lawn Tennis. 

With the weather all that the most sanguine could desire, 
there was but little interruption with Lawn Tennis during the 
period allowed for residence. The Courts were in splendid 
condition, and generally admitted to be the best in the 'Varsity 
during the ' Long.' 

With F. W. Argyle. H. E. T. Dawes. A. Chappie, H. Chappie, 
L. H. K. Bushe-Fox. R. P. Gregory, and D. Kingdon in 
residence, we were able to put out a strong VL on occasion, 
but unfortunately most of the above were unable to turn out 
regularly, and we were losers more often than winners. Others 
who played for the VI. more or less regularly were T. N. P. 
Palmer, R. Meyer, C. B. Rootham, A. T. Dcnsham, J. E. P. 
Allen, A. J. S. Hamilton, and M. G. B, Reece. 

A Tournament was organized and successfully brought to a 
conclusion. In the final for the Handicap Singles A. C. 
Belgrave (rec. 3 — 6) proved successful, after five sets had been 
played, over L. H. K. Bushe-Fox (owe 15 — 3). In the Doubles 
H. Chappie, R. P. Gregory. H. E. T. Dawes, and J. E. P. Allen 
were left to draw for partners to contest the final. Messrs. 
Chappie and Dawes were drawn together, and easily vanquished 
their opponents. 


13C? Our Chrofttclel 

Thb College Mission. 

Prgsident— The Master. Vice-Presidents' The President, Mr. MaiOD, 
Mr. Graves, Dr. Sandys, Mr. Cox. Committee^VLr, Dyson, Mr. Hart 
{Senior Secretary), Mr. Roothain, Dr. Shore, Mr. Tanner, Mr. Ward, 
Dr. Watson (Senior Treasurer), R. E. T. Btfll, R. Brownson, W. G. 
Cheese, W. Clissold, R. T. Cole. (Junior Treasurer), H. S. Crolc-Re^ 
J. Fraser, H. G. Frean, H. W. Harris, F. A. R. Higgins (Junior 
Secretaty), H. C. Honeybourue, A. G. L. Hunt, W, T. Ritchie, H. Sanger, 
J. F. Spiuk, J. Stokes. 

On August Bank Holiday 80 visitors from the Mission 
escorted by the Senior Missioner, Mr Edwards, and Mr A. G. 
Harvey, visited the College according to custom. In the 
Cricket match the Mission eleven defeated the College team 
for the first time on record. Many of those who did not play 
Or watch the cricket made excursions on (and in) the Cam. 
All met at lunch in Hall to enjoy each other's experiences, and 
to recount their own to each other and to sundry members (and 
associates) of the College. After lunch hosts and guests renewed, 
the pursuits of the morning in smaller detachments until they' 
reassembled at tea, at which they were very kindly entertained 
by Mrs Cobb. An Organ Recital was given by Mr Rootham in 
the College Chapel and was much appreciated by those who 
heard it. The Committee desires to record its gratitude to those 
members of itself and of the College, and all others who repre* 
sented the College, in the entertainment of its Mission folk. 

At the committee meeting held early in the term the report 
of the sub-committee appointed to revise the constitution was 
read and approved, and nominations of new officers, &c., were 
received. Its recommendations were adopted by the general 
meeting held on November 4, at which Mr Hart was elected to 
the office of Senior Secretary, and Mr Cole and Mr Higgins to 
that of Junior Treasurer and Junior Secretary respectively. 

Mr Tanner's resignation cannot but be a great loss to the 
Mission and its Committee, and especially to his successor. 
The strain of the reformation of the constitution has deprived 
us of the most efficient Senior Secretary we have had during the 
last four years, but happily we retain his services as a member 
of the executive. 

The work of introducing freshmen to this department of 
college life has been unhappily impeded by accidents. The 
Master was good enough to hold a reception for the purpose on 
October 24 in the Lodge, but more than half of what promised 
to be a good and representative audience were unavoidably 
detained at the last moment, so comparatively few were able 
to enjoy the speeches of the Master, the Missioner, and Mr 
Roseveare. In conesequence Mr Elsee, the Junior Missioner, 
came up later to beat up recruits in place of veterans noW 
retired ; and, though the Senior Secretary's attempt at a " coffee'* 
was to some extent thwarted by a ''night attack" accompanied 

Our Chromck. .131 

l)y a " Smoker," some few were gathered in by Mr Elsee, who 
made the most of all his opportunities. 

Additional meetings in full term are almost, it would seem, 
foredoomed to failure; but all "freshmen" — including those to 
whom not College merely, but the Mission, is unknown — read 
the Eagle \ therefore the invitation of the Missioners to all 
members of the College to come and see the work, which 
some — too few — of them are supporting, may be set down here. 

The departure of Mr Edwards leaves a gap which will not 
easily be filled; but we hope great things of Mr Clarke, 
especially as officer commanding the Summer Camp which will 
be held next year if funds are forthcoming. Failing funds we 
must regret the optimism of the current report which speaks of 
the institution as one of the permanent activities of our Mission. 
For the treaty under which it was first introduced stipulates that 
the expenses, which of course are not covered by the weekly 
contribution of the beneficiaries, must never become a charge 
on the overcharged mission fund. It is hoped that the special 
fund, to which the Secretary is able to report one donation of 
£ii will speedily reach the required £l^' The fresh country 
air and health exercise of camp life, such as is found at Rye, are 
far-reaching benefits to these townbred lads for whom the 
Societies make no provisioDv Boys are taken in hand by the 
children's country holiday fund if need be, but the growing lads 
are outside the pale; and yet their need is greater and the 
benefit they derive greater also. 

Saturday Night Service. 

Objects: — (i) Intercession for the College Mission ; (ii) Inter- 
cession for Foreign Missions; (iii) Preparation for Holy 
Communion ; and kindred objects. 

C&mmittee—Kt? F. Watson, D.D., Rev J. T. Ward, M.A , Rev F. 
Dyson, M.A., E. A. Benians, B.A., J. F. Spink, B.A., J. J. Best, R. D. D. 
Brownson, W. G. Cheese, R. T. Cole (Secretary), £. C. Dewick, R. D* 
WaUer, G. H. CasUe, W. Clissold, F. A. R. Higgms. 

The following is the list of addresses during the term : 

Oct. 29*Dr Watson. 

Nov. S'-Mr F. W. Stokes, late of U.M.C. A. 

„ la— Mr J. T. Ward. 

„ 19 •Mr H. de Candole, Vicar of Holy Trinity. 

„ 26— Dr Watson. 
Dec. 3— Mr W. Parsons, Dean of Selwyn. 

132 Our Chronicle. 

CoLLBGx Calendar, 1905. 
Lent Term (86 days, 65 to keep). 

All years come up Monday Janaary 16. 

Lectures begin Wednesday January i8. 

College ExMininations . • . .about March i8 — 31. 

[Term kept Tuesday March 3i.] 

Easter Teem (6i days, 46 to keep). 

All years come up Friday • . . • .April 28* 

Lectures begin Monday May I. 

College Examinations . . . .about June 7 — it. 

[Term kept Monday. June 12.] 

Michaelmas Term (80 days, 60 to keep). 

Sizarship Examination .... Friday September 29. 

First year come up ...... Friday October 6. 

Other years come up ... .Tuesday October 10. 

Lectures begin Thursday October 12. 

College Examinations .... about December K — 8. 

[Term kept Friday Decembers.] 

Entrance ExAminations will be held on January 17, April 28, 
August I, and September 29. 


We desire to bring to the notice of members of 
the College the present state of this Fund. 

Up to June last the total amount collected amounted 
^o£2530 js. lid. 

The debt still unpaid (including bank charges on 
the overdraft) at the present time amounts to £^iS 8s. Sd, 

It has been suggested that to mark the year of 
office of Mr H. Sanger as President of the C.U.B.C., 
a special effort should be made to pay off, or substantially 
reduce, the debt owing. Mr Sanger is the first President 
the College has had since Mr Goldie in 1872. 

On condition that this effort is made, the Master has 
generously offered to contribute the sum of ;^ 100. It 
will be remembered that the Master provided the site. 

We are fully aware of the generous readiness with 
which members of the College, both resident and non- 
resident, have responded to our previous appeals. 

The provision of the Boat House has been in every 
way a benefit to the Boat Club, it has added greatly to 
the convenience of rowing members of the College, 
and by saving rent and other charges has considerably 
diminished the necessary expenses of the Club. 

We believe that the Boat House has added an 

1 34 The New Boat House Fund. 

attractive and valuable element to College life. Under 
these circumstances we venture to appeal once more 
to members of the College to assist us in this special 

L. H. K. BuSHE-Fox, 


R. F. Scott, 


Towards this special appeal the following names 
have been either promised or received : 

£ s. d. 

The Master loo o o 

The Editors of The Eagle Magazine. • 25 o o 

Proceeds of the Concert on Nov. 4. • 28 q o 

L. H. K. Bushe-Fox 10 o o 

R. H. Forster 5 o o 

R.F.Scott 10 o o 


* 7^ asUrisk denotes fast or present Members of the College^ 

Donations and Additions to the Library during 
Quarter ending Midsummer 1904. 


Porterfield (W.). A Treatise on the Eye. 
2 vols. 8vo. Edin. 1759. 3.22.78,79.. 

*Lewton-Brain (LJ. Lectures on the Diseases 
of the Sugar Cane. 8vo. 1904 

Foster (V. Le Neve) and Dobbs (F. W.). 
Practical Geometry for Beginners. 410. 
Lond. 1904. 3.48.54 

Official Year-Book of the Church of England 
for 1904 

Allen (T. W.) and •Sikes (E. E). The 
Homeric Hymns. Edited, with Preface, 
Apparatus criticus. Notes and Appendices. 
8vo. Lond. 1904. 7.17.60 

Hawker (Rev. R. S.). Cornish Ballads and 
other Poems. Edited with an Introduction 
by C. £. Byles,* with numerous Illus- 
trations by J. L. Pethybridge and others. 
8vo. Lond 1904. 4.8.32 

Fryer (Dr. A. C). Aidan : the Apostle of 
England. 8vo. Lond. 1902. 9.22.5.... 

Virgil. Aeneid. Book I. Edited by H. B. 
Cottcrill.* 8vo. Lond. 1901. 7.24.77.. 

'Kennedy (B. H.). Hymnologia Christiana. 
8vo. Lond. 1863. 11. 18 58 

^Lee-Warner (Sir W.). The Life of the 
Marquis of Dalhousie. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Lond. 1904. 

Graham (Cant. W. T.). On the High Seas, 
an Incident of the Year 1808, being a 
Letter written on Oct 28, 1808. With 
covering Letter of Lionel Horion-Smith.* 
(Reprinted from Ihe Navy League 
Journal^ July 1899). 8vo 

*Horton-Smith (P.). Report on the Work of 
the Pathological Department of the 
Brompton Hospital, April 1900 to April 
1903. 8vo. Lond. 1904 


Professor Larmor 

Dr. D. MacAlister 

Dr. Sandys 
Mr. Sikes 

The Editor 

The Author 
Professor Mayor 

The Author 

L. Horton-Smith, Esq. 

The Author 


The Library^ 


*Stooke-VmiRban (Rev. F. S.)* Marriage 
with a Wife's Sister directly ptobihiied 
by God's Word, with an Inlroduciioii oa 
Relations as expressed in Hebicw. 8vo. 
Loud. 1884 i 

. Second Edition, reTised and en- « 

larijed. 8vo. Lond. 1903 

Cborcb Scbools, 1891. Tbree Sermons in the 
Priory Cburcb, Malvern, August x6, 1891, 
by the Rev. Canon Melville, Rev. F. S. 
Stooke-VauKhan,* and the Rev. £. S. 
Lowndes. 8vo. Lond. 1891 ^ 

*Caldecott (Rev. A.) and Macintosh (Rev.' 
H. R.). Selections from the Liteiature of 
Theism. 8vo. Edin. 1904. 11.15.36 ... 

Latimer (Hugh). Twenty-Seven Sermons. 
410. Lond. 1562. Aa.6 

Certayn Grodly Sermons. 410. Lond. 

1563. Aa. 6 

Thomas Baker's copies. 

The Cambridge ^lission to South London, a 
Twenty Years' Survey. Edited by A. 
Amos and W. W. Hough. 8vo. Camb. 
1904. 11.18.59 

*Bateson (W.). Mendel's Principles of Here- 
dity. A Defence. With a Translation of 
Mendel's original Papers on Hybridisation. 
8vo. Camb. 190a. 3-47-49 

Examination Papers for Entrance and Minor \ 
Scholarships and Exhibitions in the I 
Colleges of the University of Cambridge. I 
Nos. xl-riii, December 1903— March 1904. I 
4to. Camb. 1904. 6.12 [ 

•Sylvester (J. J.)- Collected Mathematical 1 
Papers. Vol. I (1837—1853). 4^0. ) 
Camb. 1904. 3.40 ' 

Tullis (John). The Citizens' National Union, 
being an Old Age Pen&ion Scheme revised 
and brought into line with the Fiscal 
Question of To-day. 8vo. Paisley, 1904. 

Lady Meux Manuscript No. 6. The Book of \ 
Paradise, being the Histories and Sayings 
of the Monks and Ascetics of the Egyptian 
Desert by Palladius, Hieronymus, and 
others. The Syriac Texts, edited with an 
English Translation by E. A. Wallis 
Budge. 2 vols. 4to. Lond. 1904. Ab. 1 
yer (J.). Contributions to PracticaH 
Medicine. 4th Edit. 8vo. Birmingham, 
1904. 3.27.60 

Cunnington (Susan). The Story of Arithmetic. 
With a Preface by Prof. W. H. H. 
Hudson.* 8vo. Lond. 1904. 3.51.51 .. 
•Scott ;R. F.). The Theory of Detciininanls 
and their Applications. 2nd Edit. Re- 
vised by G. B. Mathews.* 8vo. Camb. 
1904- 3-49-47 

Rer. F. S. 


Rev. A. Caldecolt, D.D. 

Mr. Scott 

The Committee of the 

St. John's College 



The Author 

Syndics of the Cambridge 
University Press 

The Author 

Lady Meux 

The Author 
Professor Hudson 

The Editor 

Thi Library. 137 


AnnualRegister for the Year 1903. New Series. 8vo. Lond. 1904. 5.18. 
Cambridge Modern History. Vol. VIII. The French Revolution. 8vo. 

Camb. 1904. 1.2.57. 
Chaucer Society. The Pardoner's Prologue and Tale. A Critical Edition 

by John Koch. (Second Series, 35). 8vo. Lond. 1902. 4.6. 

Specimens of all the accessible unprinted MSS. of the Canterbury 

Tales. Part IX. (First Series, 97). Obi. 4to. Lond. 1899— 1902. 

Church Historical Society. LXXVI. Suggestions for the Study of Early 

Church History. 8vo. Lond. 1903. 
LXXIX. Collins ( W. E.). Church and State in England before the 

Conquest. 8vo. Lond. 1903. 
LXXXU. Collins (W. E.J. The Rights of a Particular Church in 

Matters of Practice. 8vo. Lond. 1904. 
LXXXIV. Bernard (J. H.). The present Position of the Irish Church. 

8vo. Lond. 1904. 
Corpus Inscriptionum Latinainim. Vol. VIII. Supplement. Pars iii. Fol. 

Berolini, 1904. SI. I. 
Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum. Vol. XLIV. S. Aureli 

Augustini Operum Seclio IL Pars iii. 8vo. Vindobonae, 1904. 9.35. 
Dictionary (New English) on Historical Principles. Edited by Dr. J. A. H. 

Murray. (P — Pargeted). 4to. Oxford, 1904. 
Egypt Exploration Fund : Graeco-Roman Branch. The Oxyrhynchus 

Papyri. Part IV. Edited wiih Translations and Notes by B. P. 

Greufell and A. S. Hunt. 4to. Lond. 1904. 9.15. 
^Gisborne (Thos.). Poems, sacred and moral. 3rd Edition. 8vo. Lond. 

1803. Dd.i8.i. 
*Gooch (R.). Redemption ; the Song of the Spirit of Hiram ; and other 

Poems. 8vo. Lond. 1832. 4. 10.41. 
Harnack (A.). Die Chronologic der altchristlichen Litteratur bis Eusebius. 

Band U. 8vo. Leipzig, 1904. 9.34. 
Historical MSS. Commission. Report on the MSS. of Mrs. Stopford- 

Sackville, of Drayton House, Norlhampton&hire. Vol. I. 8vo. Lond. 

1904. 6.8. 
— - Calendar of the MSS. of the Marquis of Bath preserved at Longlcat, 

Wiltshire. Vol. I. 8vo. Lund. 1904. 6.8. 
Macray (VV. D.). A Register of the Members of St. Mary Magdalen 

College, Oxford. New Series. Vol. II.— IV. 1522 — 1712. 3 Vols. 

8vo. Lond. 1897 — 1904. 5.27.49-51. 
Monumenta Germaiiiae Historica. Legum Sectio IV. Constitutiones et 

Acta publica Imperatorum et Regum. Tom. III. Pars i. 4to. 

Hannoverae, 1 904. 
Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris for the Year 1907. 8vo. 

Edin. 1904. Library Table. 
Pseudacronis Scholia in Horatium vetustiora. Recens. Otto Keller. 

Vol. II. (Teubuer Text;. 8vo. Lipsiae, 1904. Octagon Table, 
Puniell (£. K.). Magdalene College. (College Histories Series). 8vo. 

Lond. 1904. 5.28.78. 
Rolls Series. Calendar of the Close Rolls preserved in the Public Record 

Office. Edward I. Vol. HI. A.D. 1288— 1296. 8vo Lond. 1904. 15.9. 

— Calendar of Letters, Despatches, and Slate Papers relating to the 
Negotiations between England and Spain, preserved in the Archives at 
Simancas, Vienna, &c. Vol. VIII. 1545— 1546. Edited by M. A. S. 
Hume. 8vo. Lond. 1904. 15.2. 

■ Calendar of State Papers and MSS. relating to English Affairs, existing 
in the Archives and Collections of Venice. Vol. XI. 1607 — 1610. 
Edited by H. F. Brown. 8v». Lond. 1904. 15. i. 

— Calendar of Inquisitions, /^j/ mortem and other analogous Documents 
preserved in the Public Record Office. Vol. I. Henry III. 8vo. 
Lond. 1904. 15.9. 



The Library. 

Year-Books of the Reign of Edward III. Year XVIII. Edited and 

translated by L. O. Pike. 8vo. Lotid. 1904. 16.5. 
Scottish Record Publications. The Register of the Great Seal of Scotland. 

A.o. 1652—1659. Edited by J. H. Stevenson and W. K. Dickson. 8vo. 

Edin. 1904. 5.3.9. 
Sophocles. Tragedies. Translated fiom the Greek, withNoteSi by George 

Adams.^ a Vols. 8vo. Lond. 1729. li. 11,13,14. 
Stokes (Sir G. G.). MathemaUcal and Physical Papers. Vol. IV. Svo. 

Camb. 1904. 3.37 40- 
Walpole (Horace). Letters. Chronologically arranged and edited with 

Notes and Indices by Mrs. Paget Toynbee. Vols. V.— VIII. 8vo. 

Oxford, 1904. 11.26.54-57. 
Wardale (J. R.). Clare College Letters and Docnments. 8vo. Camb. 

1903. 5.28.70. 
*Whytehead (Thos.). College Life ; Letters to an Undergraduate. 2od 

Edition. 8vo. Lond. 1856. 2.23.15. 

Donations and Additions to the Library during 
Quarter ending Michaelmas 1904. 


Schmidel (Ulrich). Viaje al Rio de la Plata 
(1534 — '554)- Nolas bibliograficAs y bio-^ 
graficas por Bartolome Mitie. Prologo, 
Traduccion y Anotaciones por S. A. 
Lafone Quevedo.* 8vo. Buenos Aires, 

1903- IO-3I-7 ^ 

*Quevedo (S. A. Lafone). Juan Diaz de Solis. I 

8vo. Buenos Aires, 1903 

Annenlia (F. N.). Los Indios Mosetenes y su 
Lengua. Con. Introduccion de S. A. 
Lafone Quevedo.^ 8vo. Buenos Aires, 


Saintsbury(G.). Loci critici. Passages illus- 
trative of critical Theory and Practice from 
Av-istotle downwards. 8vo. Boston, 1903. 


Smithsonian Institution. Annual Repoit of 
the Board of Regents for the Year ending 
Tune 30, 1902. Report of the U. S. 
National Museum. 8vo. Washington, 

1904. l^^ 

London College of Divinity, St. John's Hall, ^ 
Highbury. Calendar, 1904 — 1905. 8vo. 
1904. Reference Table 

•Horton-Smilh (P.) and MuUings (W. T.). A 
descriptive Catalogue of the Pathological 
Specimens in the Museum of the Hospital 
for Consumption, Brompton. 8vo. Loud. 

1904- 3.45." 

Spencer (Herbert). An Autobiography. 2 vols. 

8vo. Lond. 1904. 11.21.50,51 


S. A. Lafone Quevedo, 
Esq., M.A. 

Dr. Sandys 

Smithsonian Institution 

Rev. A. W. Greenup, 

Committee of the 
Brompton Hospital 

Mr. Cox 

The Ltbraryi 


Ktvy Records Society Publications. A descrip- \ 
tive Catalogue of the Naval Manuscripts 
in the Pepysian Library at Magdalene 
College, Cambridge. Edited by J. R. 
Tanner.* Vol. II. 8vo. Lond. 1904. 

5-3433 , 

*fiaten)an (Rev. J. F.). A Parochial Contest, 

a Rural Tale founded on Fact. 8vo. 

Lond. 1904. II. 18.60 

^Harker (A.). The Tertiary Igneous Rocks of' 

Skye. With Notes by C. T. Clough. 

(Memoirs of the Geological Survey of the 

United Kingdom.) 8vo. Glasgow, 1904. 


. The Editor 

The Author 

The Author 

Jones (H. Festing). Diary of a Journey through ' 

North Italy to Sicily in the Spring of 1903. 

8vo. Camb. 1904 

^Burton (Rev. Chas.). Discourses suited tO' 

these eventful and critical Times. 8vo. 

Lond. 1832 11.8.20 

A Sermon on the Parable of the Barren 

Fig-Tree. 8vo. Lond. 1823. 11. 8.20.. 
Paravicini (F. de). Early History of Balliol' 

College. 8vo. Lond. 189 1. 5.27.37.... 
Leach (A. F.). A History of Winchester 

College. 8vo. Lond. 1899. 5.31.20 .. 
Allcock (C. H.). Theoretical Geometry for 

Beginners. Part IV. 8vo. Lond. 1904. 


Gibson (G. A.) 


An Elementary Treatise on 
8vo. Lond. 1904. 3.51.52,... 

. The Author 

Rev. H. F. Rivers 

Mr. Scott 

. Dr. D. MacAUster 

In addition to the above an interesting collection of books has been 
presented by the Rev. J. B. Anstice, a former Scholar of the College, and 
other volumes in completion of this valuable donation will probably have been 
received before our next number. 


Asser's life of King Alfred. Together with the Annals of Saint Neots 
erroneously ascribed to Asser. Edited with Introduction and Commen- 
tary by W. H. Stevenson. 8vo. Oxford, 1904. 11.26.66. 

Catalogue g^ii^ral de la Librairie Fran^aise. Tome XV. Fasc. iv. 
(Rolland-Zyromski). 8vo. Paris, 1904. 7.34.55. 

Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum. Vol. Xill. Pars i. Fasc. ii. Insciip- 
tiones Belgicae. Fol. Berolini, 1904. Sl.i. 

Cofpus Scriptorum Ecclesiaslicorum Latinorum. Vol. XLIII. Sancli 
Anreli Augustini Opera. Sect. iii. Pars. iv. 8vo. Vindobonae, 

1904. 9-35. 
— ^ VoL XLV. Scriptores Ecclesiastic! Minores. 

Fasc. i. 8vo. Vindobonae, 1904. 9.35. 
Cromwell (Oliver). Letters and Speeches, with Elucidations by] Thos. 

Carlyle. Edited by S. C. Lomas. With an Introduction by^C. H. 

Firth. 3 Vols. 8vo. Lond. 1904. 5.35 47-49. 
Dictionary of the Bible. Edited by James Hastings, with the assistance of 

J. A. Selbie. Extra Volume, containing Articles, Indtxes and Maps. 

4to. Edin. 1904. 7.3. 
Dictionary (New Eii[;lish) on Historical Principles. Edited by Dr. J. A. H. 

Murray. (Reaciively — Ree). By W. A. Craigie. 4to. Oxford, 1904. 
Fitzmaurice (Lord Edmond). The Life of Sir William Petty, 1623— 1O87. 

8vo. Lond. 1895. 11.21.52. 

Sacc. IV., v., VI. 

I40 The Library. 

Freeman (E. A.). The Historical Geography of Europe. 3rd Editioo. 

Edited by J. B. Bury. 8vo. Lond. 1903. 1.5.28. 
Historical MSS. Commis&ion. Report on MSS. in various Collections. 

Vol. III. 8vo. Lond. 1901. 6.8. 
Calendar of the MSS. of the Marquess of Ormonde, preserved at 

Kilkenny Castle. New Seiies. Vol. III. 8vo. Lond. 1904. 6.8. 
Jewish Encyclopedia (Tlie). Vol. VII. (Italy— Leon). 4to. New York 

and Lond. 1904. 12.2.47. 
Kayser's Bucher-Lexikon. Sach-und Schlagwortregister 1899 — 1902. Bear- 

beitet von H. Conrad. 4(0. Leipzig, 1904. 
Oxford Historical Society. The Flemings in Oxford, being Documents 

selected fiom the Rydal Papers in Illustration of the Lives and Ways of 

Oxford Men. 1650— 1 700. Edited by J. R. Magrath. Vol. I. 1650— 

1680. 8vo. Oxford, 1904. 5.26.93. 
Rolls Series. Calendar of the Patent Rolls, preserved in the Public Record 

Ofl5ce. Edward II. Vol. IV. a.d- 132 i— 1324. Z\o. Lond. 

1904. 15.10. 
Scottish Record Publications. The Register of the Privy Council of 

Scotland. Edited and abridged by P. H. BrowD. 2nd Series. Vol. V. 

AD. 1633— 1635. 8vo. Edin. 1904. 5.2.19. 
Stubbs (W.). Lectures on European History. Edited by Arthur HassalL 

8vo. Lond. 1904. 1.5.47 
Term Catalogues (The), 1668— 1709. Edited by Professor E. Arber. Vol. L 

1668 — 1682. Privately Printed, 410. Lond. 1903. 14.4.6. 
Thesaurus Linguae Latinae. Index Librorum Scriptorum Inscriptionum ez 

quibus Exempla adferuntur. 4to. Lipsiae, 1904. 

Vol. II. Fasc. vi. (Auctor— avis). 4to. Lipsiae, 1904. 

♦White (H. Kirke). Remains. With an Account of his Life, by Robert 

Southey. 2 Vols. 6th Edition. 8vo. Lond. 1813. 
Wyclif Society. Wyclif(J.). De Civili Dominio Liber HI. With Ciitical 

and Historical Notes by Dr. Johann Loserth. Vol. IV. 8vo. Lond. 

1904. IZ.16. 


We print a list, with addresses, of our Subscribers. Where 
no address is given the Subscriber is resident in Cambridge. 
Subscribers for five years are indicated by the year, and term, 
in which their Subscription ends, being given in brackets after 
their names. (*) Denotes the Members of the Committee; 
(t) late Members of the Committee. 

Subscribers will greatly facilitate the delivery of the Eagle if 
they will notify any corrections or changes of address to the 
Senior Editor, Mr R. F. Scott. 

The names of Subscribers commencing with No. 1 35 will be 
printed in the Lent Term number. 

Name, Address, 

Abbott. Rev Dr £. A. Wellside, Well Walk, Hampstead, N. W. 

(E. 1908) 

Adams, Prof W. G. (Sc.D.) 43. Campden Hill Square, Kensington, W. 

Addison, H. Hirwen, New Guelderland, Natal, S. Africa 

Ad kins F- J* 7^1 Gildabrook Road, Eccles, Lanes. 

Adler, H. M. 22, Craven Hill, Hyde Park, W. 

Alcock, A. F. (E. 1907) Knowie Hill, Evesham 

Alexander, M. Hopeville Lodge, 5, Mill Street, Cape Town, 

South Africa 

Airy, E. W. Holme Lodge, Lansdown Road, Bedford 
Airy, J. R. 

Allan, D. Scotland House, Sunderland 
Allen, J. E. P. 

Allen, Rev G. C. (E. 1906) Cranleigh School, Surrey 

Allen, J. (E. 1907) Dunedin, New Zealand 

Allen, W. H. Burnedge House, Rochdale 

AUott, P. B. (E. 1907) StifTord Rectory, Grays 

Almack, Rev W. (E. 1907) Ospiinge Vicarage, Faversham 

Andrews, J. A. 2, Frojfnal Lane, Finchley Road, N.W. 

Anstice, Rev J. B. (E. 1907) 3, Prcw*s Terrace, Bumham, Bridgwater 

Argyle, F. W. Ridley Hall, Cambridge 

Armstrong, Rev F. W. 17, Gorsehill Road, New Brighton 

Arnold, J. C. Dunmurry, Co. Antrim, Ireland 


List of Subscribers. 

Arnott, £. W. 
Ashby, N. 
Ashe, G. H. 
Aspin, Rev. A. 

Aston, RevW. F. 
Atherton, Rev £. £. (£. 
Atkins, H. L. 
AtUy, M. £. 


2, The Crescent, St. Bees, Carnforth 

St Augustine's Rectory, Newton Heath, Man- 

The Parsonage, Lee-on -the- Solent, Hants. 
'07) Rocbbeare Vicarage, Exeter 

St Cross House, Wfattechnrcb, Hants. 
The Precincts, Canterbury 

Babington, Mrs C. C. 
Badham, W. A. (E. 1904) 
Bagchi, S. C. 
Bailey, Rev Dr H. 
Bafly, G. G. 
Baily, W. (E. 1908) 
Baines, T. 
Baker, M. W. 
Baker, Dr H. F. (Fdlow) 
Balak Ram (£. 1905) 
Balcorob, H. T. G. 
Baldwin, A. B. 
Balls, W. L. 
fBarlow, Rev H. T. E. 

(E. 1904) 
fBarlow, The Very Rev. W. 

H.(D.D.)(E. 1909) 
Barnes, Rev J. S. 
Baron, E. 
Barradell-Smith S. 
tBarradcll-Smith, W. 
Barry, Rev Robt. 
Bashforth, Rev F. 
Bateman, Rev J. F. 
Bateson, W. (Fellow) 
Bayard, F. C. 
Baylis, P. (£. 1906) 
Baxter, A. H. Y. 
Beacall, T. 
Beckett, J. N. 
Bee, Rev P. R. 
Beith, G. 
fBeith, J. H. 
Bell, R. £. T. 
Belgrave, A. C. 
Belshaw, Rev P. 
Benians, £. A, 

5, Brookside, Cambridge 

If, Hansen Strasse, Gotha Thnringer, Germany 

29, St George's Place, Canterbury 
86, Backingham Road, Brightdn 
4, Rosslyn Hill, Hampstead, N.W. 
Stokeshall, Ham, Surrey 

I.C.S., Broach, IndiH 

CUtheroe, Lanes. 

Lawford Rectory, Manningtree, Essex 

The Deanery, Peterborough 

19, Ctffton Street, Wigan, Lanes. 

90, Lansdowne Place, W. Brighton 

The Hall, Greatfaam, Stockton-on-Tees 

The Hall, Qreatham, Stockton-on-Tees 

North Taddenham Rectory, East Dereham 

Minting Vicarage, Homcastle 

119, Fordwych Road, W. Hampstead, N.W. 

2, CloUtefs, Temple, E.C. 

Whitemead Park, Coleford 

Ridley Hall, Cambridge 

19, Solent Road, West Hatop^ead, N.W. 

Woodland House, Wilson Road, Sheffield 

Alt-na-craig, Oban 

The Grammar School, Durham 

I, Myrtle Street, ChorUy Old Road, Bolton 

Li$i of Subscribers. 


Bennett, N. G. (E. 1908) 
Bennett, G. T. (E. 1904) 
Bennett, C. W. 
Benlley, J. H. 
Beresford, H. A. 
Beresford, Rev. F. 
Bezant, Dr W. H. (Fellow) 
Best, G. A- H. (E. 1906) 
Best, I. J. 

Bethell, H. W. (E. 1906) 
tBcvan, Ven H. E.J. (E. '05) 
Binns, A. J. 

Blackman, F. F. (Fellow) 
Blackman, V. H. 

(E. 1906) 
fBlackett, J. P. M. 
Blanch, Rev J. (E. 1908) 
Bloom, E. F. D. 
Body, L. A. 

Body, Rev C. W. E. (E. '06) 
Bonney, Rev T. G. (Fellow, 

ScD.) (E. 1909) 
Bonsey, Kev W. H. 
Borchardt, W. G. (E. 1908) 
fBowling, Rev E. W. 
Bown, Rev P. H. 
Boyt, J. E. 
Brady, F. 
Brayn, R. F. 
Brewster, T. F. 
Brings, M. B. 
Brill. J. 

Brindley, H. H. 
Broad, P. G. 
Bro<}ke, Z. N. 
Brooks, E J. 
Brom wich. T. J. I' A. (E '07) 

Brown, A. E. 
Brown, P. H. 
Brown, S. R. 
Brown, Prof W. Jethro 

(E. 1907) 
Brown, W. C. (E. 1905) 
Brownbill, J. 
Browning, K. C. 
Brownscotnbe, A. 
Brownson, R. D. D. D, 

Hillcrest, Green Lane, Northwood, Middlesex. 
Emmanuel College, Cambridge 
Aveton, Gifford Rectory, Devon 

Tamerton Foliot, Crown Hill, S. Devon 

Haden Hill, Old Hill, Staffs. 

Guy's Hospital, London 

The Rectory, Church Street, Chelsea, S.W. 

Atlow House, Christchurch Road, Gt. Malvern 

58, Scarsdale Villas, Kensington, W. 

7, Rutland Square, Edinburgh 

Brecon House, Sherbonie 

I, Morland Place, Cockermouth, Cumberland 

The College, Durham 

4, Chelsea Square, New York, U.S.A. 

23, Denning Road, Hampstead, N.W. 


The College, Cheltenham 

47, Chaucer Road, Bedford 
Guy's Hospital, London, S.E. 

48, Bush mead Avenue, Bedfprd 

Broadmoor, Crowthome, Berks. 
South Kelsey, Lincoln 
The Maisonette, Harrow-on-the-Hill 
Fitzwilliam Terrace, Cambridge 
4, Devana Terrace, Cambridge 
Quarry House, Bletchingley, Surrey 

20, Cornwall Road, Westboume Park, W. 
Reedley, University Road, Galway 

I, Parkside Gardens,Wimbledon CommQn,S. W. 
Hart's, Woodford Green, Essex 
University College, Aberyslwith 

ToUington Park College, London, K. 
Leyburn, R.S.O., Yoikshire 
Longland, Dawlish, S Devon 
Brunswick House, Maidstone 


List of Subscribers. 

Bruce, O. 
Bruton, F. A. 
Bryan, Rev W. A. 
Buchanan, G. B. (£. 1909) 
Bumsted, H. J. 

Ivanhoe, Clarence Road, Teddington 
Dursley, Gloucestershire 
Lingfield Vicarage, Surrey 
13, Buckingham Terrace, Glasgow 
Alvely, Streatham, S.W. 

Burnett, Rev R. P. (E. *o8) Comwell Rectory, Chipping Norton 

Bushe-Foz, L. H. K. (£. '08) (Fellow) 

fBushell, Rev W. D. (£. '09) Harrow 

Butler, A. G. (M. 1905) c/o W. Butler Esq, 196, Kilcoy, Hopetown, 


fCaldecott, Rev A., D.D. 
Callis, Rev A. W. (E. 1905) 
Cameron, H. C. 
Cameron, S. (E. 1907) 
Cama,A K.,I.C.S.(E.'o7) 
Campbell, Rev A. J. (E.'o;) 
Carliell, E. F. 
Carlyll, H. B. 
Carpmael, E. (E. 1905) 

Carter, C. C. 
Carter, F. W. 
Casson, R. 
Castle, G. H. 
Cayley, Sir Richard 
Chadwick, Rev A. (E. 1906) 
Chadwick, Rev R. 
Chalmers, S. D. 
Chamberlain, Rev J. S. ff. 

(M. 1907) 
ChapUn, W. H. (E. 1906) 
Chappie, A. 
Chappie, H. 
Chell, Rev G. R. 
Clark, Prof E.C. (LL.D.) 

(E. 1909) (Fellow) 
Clark, W. T. 

Clarke, Sir Ernest (E. 1906) 
Clarke, H. L. 
Clay. W. K. 
Ciementi-Smith, Rev P. 

(M. 1907) 
Cleworth, J. (E. 1907) 
CUssold, W. 
Coad, C. N. 
Coatesy J. 

Frating Rectory, Colchester 
The School Hall, Bury St. Edmunds 
Guy's Hospital, E.C. 
25, Oakley Square, W. 
Alibag, Bombay Presidency, India 
The Manse, Lerwick, Shetland. 
Ouida House, Bury St Edmunds 
7, Hanover Terrace, Regent's Park, N.W. 
The Ivies, St Julian Farm Road, W. Norwood, 

15, Murray Road, Rugby 

61, Baitholomew Road, Camden Road, N.W. 

62, Clarendon Road, Holland Park, W. 
Cinderhills, Mirfield 

The Vicarage, Chilvers Coton, Nuneaton 
9, Hyde Vale, Greenwich, S.E. 
Staplehurst Rectory, Kent 

13, Penywem Road, S. Kensington, W. 

Kneesall Vicarage, Newark 

The Square, Broughton in Fumess 

13a, Hanover Square, W. 

49, Bateman Street, Cambridge 

Askett Lodge, Mailes Risboro', Bucks. 

St Andrew's Rectory, Doctor's Commons, 

London, E.C. 
Cherwell Croft, Kidlington, Oxon. 

79, Avenue Road. Regent's Park, N.W. 

List of Subscribers* 

Cobb, Mrs (E. 1908) 
Coe, Rev J. D. 
Cole, R. T. 
Coleman, £. H. 
College Library 
Collin, John (M. 1906) 
Collins, J. S. 
Collison, H. (£. 1909) 
Collison, C. 
Colman, J. (E. 1906) 
Colson, F. H. (E. 1906) 
Cook, B. M. 

Coombes, Rev H. £. H. 

(E. 1909) 
Cooper, Rev C. £. (E. 1905) 

Cooper, M. C. 
•Coop, W. 

Coote, Sir Algernon (L. '07) 
Courtney, Rt. Hon. L. H. 
Covington, Rev Preb. W. 
fCowie, H. 
Cox, H. B. 
Cox, H. S. 

Cox, Rev W. A. (FeUow) 
Cradock, J. D. 
Craggs, E. H. (E. 1905) 
Craggs, G. C. 
Crees, J, H. £. 
tCroggon, J. F. S. 
Crowther, C. R. 
Crowther, J. A. 
Cruikshank, G. £. (E. 1906) 
Cubitt, Rev S. H. (E. 1908) 
Cullen, A. E. 
Cullis, L. 
Cummins, C. A. 
Cummings, R. R. (E. 1906) 
Canningham, £. (Fellow) 
Cunynghame, H. H. S. (E. 

Cuthbertson, F. £. L. 
Cutting, E. M. 

Bank House, Downham Market 

Slade Hill, Wolverhampton 

1 13, Chesterton Road, Cambridge 

Downshire Abbey, Bath 

16, Murray Road, Rugby 

33, Northdown Avenue, Margate 

Gatton Park, Reigate 

The College, Plymouth 

c/o Messrs Vandercom tc Co., 23, Bush Lane. 

The Roadstead, Penarth, Glamorgan 

St Paul's Rectory, Nanaimo, Vancouver Isle, 

British Columbia 
Rockhampsted Grammar School, Queensland 

Ballyfin House, Mountrath, Ireland 
15, Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, S.W. 
The Rectory, 5a, Bedford Square, W.C. 
Courtlands, Chelston, Torquay 
Courtlands, Archer's Road, Southampton 
Georgetown, Demerara 

Back Beach Road, Durban, Natal, South Africa 
The Poplars, Woodland Road, Middlesborough 

Hillside, Grampound, Cornwall 
7, Whiteford Road, S. Plymouth 

5, Stone Buildings, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 
Old Rectory, Ludlow 

Sydcote, W. Dulwich, S.E. 

41, Birchdale Road, Waterloo, Liverpool 

Home Office, Whitehall 

Mulgrave Castle, Lythe, WhiUey 

Dally, J. F. Halls (E. 1908) Belgrave House, 12, Waterloo Road, Wolver- 

Davey, A. A. Rotherwood, Ivanhoe Road, Denmark Park, 


List of Stibscribers. 

Davidson, E. 
Davies, D. R. 
Davies, Rev J. J, 
Davis, A. J. (E. 1907) 

Dawes, H. E. T. 
Dees, F. W. (E. 1906) 
Denhain, H. A. 
Densham, A. T. 
Devenish, H. N. (E. 1906) 
Dewick, E. C. 

Dibdin, SirL.T.,K.C. 
(M. '06) 

Dickson, R. St J. 
Dodgshun, £. J. 
tDouglas, S. M. 
Douglas, A. F. (E. 1907) 
Drake, Rev C. B. 
Drake, Rev H. (E. 1905) 
Draper, J. R. 
Dyer, C. H. 
DysoD, Rev F. (Fellow) (£. 


9, Gambier Terrace, Liverpool 

10, Reform Street, Pontloltyn, S. Walet 
I a, Seymour Street, Aberdare 

Sydenham, New Amalfi, East Griqoalaady 

Cape Colony 
Wellington House, Walmer, Nr. Deal 
Flora ville, Whitehaven 
Barkingside, Ilford, Essex 
Avongrove, Sneyd Park, Bristol 
Little Duriiford, Salisbury 

Nobles, Dormans, East Grinstead 

4, Lower Green, Castletown, Isle of Man 

27, Clarendon Road, Leeds 

c/o A. Scott & Co., Rangoon, Burma 

10, Old Jewry Chambers, E.C. 

Leverington Vicarage, Nr. Wisbech 

Verwood, Wimbome 

London Hospital, E. 


EastoD, Rev J. G. (E. igp*^) 
Eastwood, A. W. (E. 1907) 
Edmonds, H. 
Edmunds, C. (E. 1908) 
Edmunds, L. H. (E. 1908) 
Edwardes, H. F. E. 
Edwards, Rev N. W. A. 

Edwards, C. D. (E. 1905) 
Elliot-Smith G. (Fellow) 

(E. 1904) 
Ellis, A. I. 
Elsee, Rev C. (E. 1906) 

Evans, E. D. (E. 1904) 
Evatt, G. R. K. (£. 1908) 
Ewbank, Rev A. (£. 1904) 

Murston Rectory, Sittingboume 
30, Chalfont Road, Oxford 

30, Homsey Rise Gardens, London, N* 

I, Garden Court, Temple, E.C. 

Wistaria, Crediton, Devon 

Lady Margaret Mission, Chaiham Str^t» 

Walworth. S.E. 
Alton Lodge, Woodford Greea 
Cairo, Egypt 

Bishop Fisher's Hostel, Chatham Street, 

Erianfa, Eaton Grove, Swansea 
KimboUon, Osborne Road, Soulhsea 
7, Lyndhurst Gardens, Ealing, W. 

Falcon, W. 
Fergusson, A. 
Fergusson, L. R. 
Fewings, P. J, 

Cottesmore, Brighton 

17, St Helen's Park Crescent, Soothsea 

Kingsbridge House, West Marland^, Spath- 
Field, Rev A. T. (E. 1906) Ryther Vicarage, near York 

List of Subscrtief's. 


Field. A. M. C. (E. igos) 
Field, Rev F. G. E. (L. 1904) 
Field, J. H. 
Finch, H. K. 
Fleet, W. W. S. 
Fletcher, W. C. (E. 1907) 
Flux, A. W. (E. 1905) 
Forster, M. 

Forster, R. H. (E. 1905) 
Forster, T. E. (E. 1908) 
Foxwell, E. E. 
tFoxivell, H. S. (E. 1906) 
Frankliit, T. B. 
Fraser, J. 
Frean, H. G. 
French, R. T. G. 
Fryer, S. E. 

7, Mayfield Road, GosForth, NeWcftstle-on-Tyne 
Grammar School, Soulhport 
Heath Cottage, Crowborough Cross, Sussex 

37, Cable Road, Hoylake 

McGill University, Montreal, Canada 

Bishop Middleham Hall, Ferry Hill Station. 

Artillery Mansions, 75, Victoria Street, S.W. 
3, Eldon Square, Newcastle-on-Xyne 

1, Hirvey Road; Cambridge 
Hilden, To&bridge, Kent 

3, Brookdale Road, Cat Ford, S.E. 
55, Childebert Road, Balham, S.W. 

Gamer-Riclutrds, D. B. 
Gamett, W. {D.C.L.) 
fGanett, H. L. 
Gaskell, J. M. 
Gaskell, W. (£. 1908) 
Gauvain, H. J. 
Gaze,£. H, 

GibbingB, Rev W. T. 
Gibbs, C. S. 
Gibson, J. (E. 1905) 
GUI, R. G. 
Gillespie, T. 
Gledhill,W. G. 
Glover, F. B. (E. 1905) 
Glorer, Dr L. G. (E. 1906) 
Glover, T. R. (Fellow) 
Gold, £. 
Goddard, H. 
Godson, F. A. (E. 1905) 
Godwin, Rev C. H. S. 
Gomes, Rev E. H. (E. 1906) 

Gorringe, A. L. 
Goullon, Rev J. 
Grabham, G. W. 
Grant, F. H. S. 

Brandon, SufTolk 

1 16, St Martin's Lane, London, W.C. 

Queen's College, Hong Kong 

School House, Dunstable 

Debra Dun, U. P., India 

57, Chancery Lane, London 

c/o E. Balding, Esq., 9, Pemberton Gardens, 

Upper HoUoway, N. 
65, New Road, Peterborough 
Old Bank House, Rotherham 
15, Menai View Terrace, Bangor 

Forest Lodge, Shirley, Southampton 

13, Kent Street, Gt. Yarmouth 

17, Lyncroft Gardens, West Hampstead, N.W. 

17, Belsize Park, N. 

Anstey, Shilton, Coventry 
Chapel Street, Oadby, Leicester 
7, Station Road, Cheadle Hulme, nr. Stockport 
St Aidan's Lodge, Middlesborough-on-Tees 
Mission House, Banting, Sarawak, via Singa- 

5, Scarcroft Hill, York 
Geological Survey, Edinburgh 

viii List of Subscribers. 

Name, Address, 

tGraves, Rev C. E. (Fellow) 

(E. 1908) 
Green, E. W. 

Greenfaill, Prof A. G. (E, '09) Royal Artillery College, Woolwich 
Greenlees, J. R. C. Langdale, DowanbiU, Glasgow 

Greenstreet, W. J. (E. 190^) The Marling School, Stroud, Gloucester 
Greenup, Rev A. W. (L. '08) St John's Hall, Highbury, N. 
Gregory, H. H. (E. 1906) i, Warwick Place, Francis Road, EdgbastOB 
Gregory, H. L. (E. 1906) Knglefield House, Highgate, N. 
Gregory, R. P. (Fellow) 

Grenfell, J. S. G. (E. 1906) Heath Mount, Hampslead, N.W. 
Grigson, P. St. J. B. East Harlin^ Hall, Thelford 

Groos, A. W. J. 12, Farquhar Road. Upper Norwood, S.E. 

Grundy, M. 12, New Slieet Square, Feller Lane, £.C. 

Gruning, J. T. Dibrugarh, Assam, India 

Gumey, T. T. (E. 1908) Chesierion Hall 

Gwatkin, Rev T. (E. 1906) 3. St Paul's Road, Cambridge 
Gwatkin, Rev Prof H. M. 8, Scroope Terrace, Cambridge 
Gwatkin, Rev F. L. Woodside, Talbot Road, Mew Winton, 


Hadland, R. P. Buorton House, Cropredy, Leamington 

Hagger, Rev W. Canvey Island Vicarage, S. Benfleet, Essex 

fHaigh, P. B. c/o Messrs Grindley Groom & Co., Bombaj 

Hallam, G. H. (M. 1907) The Park, Harrow on the Hill 

Hamilton, A. J. S. 

Hamilton, K. L. B. 

Hammond, F. The School House, Market H. rborough 

tHankin, E. H. 

Hannam, Rev F. A. (E. 08) St Matthew's Clergy House, Norfolk Street, 

Hardy, G. S. 

Harding, A. J. Colonial Office, S.W. 

Harding, W. I. Churchfield's House, S. Woodford, Essex 

tHardwich,RevJ.M.(E.'o6) St John*s, Horton Crescent, Rugby 
Haikcr, A. (Fellow) (E. '08) 

Harker, Rev G. J. T. (E. '09) Aldenham Grammar School, Elstree, Herts. 
Harman, N. B. (E. 1907) 34, Queen Anne Street, Cavendish Square 
Harnett, Rev F. R. High more Vicarage, Henley-on-Thames 

Harneit, W. L. (E. 1905) Belvedere House, Barnet, Herts. 
♦Harris. H. W. 
Hart, J. H. A. (Fellow) 

Hart, S. L. (Sc. D.) (E. X906) London Mission, Tientsin, China 
Harwood, S. F. D. Batlisford Hall, Needham Market 

Havclock, T. H. (Fellow) 

Harvey, A. W. 14, Vincent Square, Westminster 

Haslam, F. W. C. Canterbury College, Christchurch, New Zealand 

Haslam, Rev A. B. (E. 1908) Royal Grammar School, Sheffield 

List of Subscribers. 


Hass6, H. R. 

Hathornthwaite, J. (M. '07) 
Hatten, A. W. 
Hawkcs, W. J. 
tHaycs, J. H. 
Hayman, Q. H. T. 
Hayter, K. S. R. 
Hayward, A. W. 
Heath, F. C. 
Heitland, W. E. (FcUow) 

(E. 1905) 
Henderson, M. 
Hepworth, F. A. (E. 1905) 
Herring, Rev J. 
Hibbert, H. 

Hicks, Prof W. M. (ScD.) 
fHiern, W. P. (E. 1906) 
Higgins, F. A. R. 
Hill, A. 
HUl, F. W. 
HiU, J. R. 

Hill, Rev E.(E. 1906) 
Hill, Rev W. N. 
Hilleary, F. E. (LL.Di) 
Hoare, H. J. 
Hodges, C. F. 
Hogg, R. W. (M. 1908) 
Holmes, H. T. 
Honeyboume, H. C. 
Honeybourne, V. C. 
Hornibrook, M. (E. 1905) 

Horowitz, S. 
IHorton-Smith, L. (F.S.A., 

Scot. (E. 1905) 
Hough, J. F. 
Hough, S. S. (£. X904) 
Houston, W. A. (Fellow) 

(E. 1909) 

How, J. C. H. 
Howard, A. (E. 1904) 
Howitt, J. H. 
Hoyle, J. J. 
tHudson, Prof W. H. H. 

(E. 1906) 
Hudson, E. F. 
Hulme, T. E. 
Humfrey, J. C. W. 


Raeburn, Boscombe, Bournemouth 

Bodle Street Green Rectory, Hailsham, Sussex 

Glenorchy, Borthwich Road, Boscombe 

The Leys, Cambridge 

Edwinstowe Vicarage, Newark, Notts. 

Heath Mount, Hampstead, N.W. 

Holm lea. On gar, Essex 

Tudor Hall, Hawkhurst, Kent 

Carmefield, Newnham, Cambridge 

Woodfield House, Dcwsbury, Yorks 
Redness Vicarage, Goole, Yorks. 
Broughton Grove, Grange-over-Sands, Camforth 
Endcliffe Crescent, Sheffield 
The Castle, Barnstaple 

Fritham Lodge, Lyndharst, Hants. 
EUerton, MUl Hill Park, W. 

The Rectory, Cockfield, Bury St Edmunds 
22, Clarkson Street, Ipswich 
Bleak Houi»e, Stratford 
Heath Villa, Ewer Common, Gosport 

Christ's Hospital, W. Horsham 

12, Bedford Road, S. Tottenham, N. 

St Thomas's Hospital, London, S.W. 

31, Upper Hamilton Teira<:e, St John's Wood, 

19, Solent Road, West Hampstead, N.W. 
53, Queen Gardens, Lancaster Gale, W. 

The School House, Brentwood 

Royal Observatory, Cape Town, South Africa 

The Ministry of Public Instruction, Cairo, Egypt 

Theological College, Ely 

South Eastern Agricultural College, Wye, Kent 

13, Chardmore Road, London, N. 
Johannesburg, Soulh Africa 

15, Altenberg Gardens, Clapham Common 

Churcher's College, Petersfield 

63, Gower Street, W.C. 

c/o Mr J. Landon, Wilden, nr. Stourport 

List of Subscribers* 

Hamphriet, S. 

Hunt, A. G. L. 
Hunt, Rev A. L. (L. 1906) 
Hunter, Dr W. 
Hutton, Rev W. B. 
Hyams, A. 

Citv of London College, White Street, Moor- 
fields, E.G. 

Great Snoving Rectoiy, Fakenham 

103, Harley Street, Cavendish Square, W. 

Langenhoe Rectory, Colchester 

lies, G. £. (E. 1908) Khartoum, Sudan 

Iliffe, J. W. Central Higher School, Sheffield 

Inchley, O. Taunton House, Glisson Road, Cambridge 

Ingram, RevD. S. (E. 1909) Great Oakley, Essex 

Ingram, RevA.R.(L. 1909) 66, Tempest Road, Leeds 

Irving, J. B. 14, Heath Hurst Road, Hampstead, N.W. 

Irwin, W. L. 

Ismail Khan, M. 51, Manchester Street, Manchester Sqnaie, W 

Jackson, Rev A. 

Jackson, E. W. 

James, G. 

Janvrin, Rev R. B. le B. 

Jarratt, G. L. 

Jenkins, A. E. 

Jenkins, H. B. 

Jessopp, Rev A. (D.D.) 

Jinarajadasa, C. (E. 1905) 

t Joce, J. B. D. 

Johnson, Rev E.J. F. (E.'os) 

Johnston, A. B. 

Johnston, O. V. 

Jolly, L. J. P. 

Jones, Rev B. T. White 

Jones, Rev G. 

Jones, H. T. G. 

Jones, P. C. V. 

Jones, Wilton J. 

Jose, C. H. 

Keeble, C. F. A. 
fKceling. Rev C. P. 
Kemptliorne, Rev P. H. 
Kennctt, W. H. 
Kerly, D. M. (E. 1908) 
Kerr, Jas. (M. 1907) 

Kerry, W. 
Kershaw, Rev A. 

All Saints' Vicarage, Northfleet, Gravesend 
a, North Terrace, Grantham 

St Peter's Vicarage, Hereford 

24, Belmont Park, Blackheath, S.E. 

Abermorlais, Mertfayr Tydvil 

6, Victoiia Drive, West Kiiby, Liverpool 

Scarning Rectory, E. Dereham 

Corso Garibaldi 20, Milan, Italy 

Amesbury, Bickley Hall, Kent 

Sarsden Rectory, Chipping Norton, Oxon. 

3S, St John's Road, Bedminster, Bristol 

Sand ford St Mai tin, Oxon. 

Heme House, Cliflonville, Margate 

Saltgate House, Beccles, Suffolk 
Ethersall, Tarbock Road, Hnytoa 

St James' Rectory, Collyhurst, Manchester 
Wyck Rissington Rectory, Slow on the Wold 
Wellington College, Berkshire 
I, Paper Buildings, Temple, E.C. 
School Board for London, Victoria Embank- 
ment, W.C. 
St David*s College, Lampeter, S. Wales 
52, Aspinall Street, Heywood, Lanes. 

Ltst of Subscribefs. 


Kenlake, Rev E. K. 
Keywortb, F. M. 
Khan> F. M. 
Kidd, A. S. 

King, G. K. 
King, Rev H. A. 
King, L. A. L. 
*Kingdon, D. 
Kingdon, C. 
Kirby. A. H. 
Kirkness, L. H. 
Kitto, J. L. 
Knight, C. 
Knight, H. F. P. 
Koh, K. S. 

Kjmaston, Rev Canon H. 
(D.D.)(E. 1906) 

Burnham, Deepdale, near Lynn 
Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Herts. 

St Andrew's College, Grahamstown, Cape 

Perrymount Road, Hay ward's Heath 
35, Princess Road, Regent's Park, N.W. 

Maisonette, De Roos Road, Eastbourne 
St John's, Antigua, British West Indies 
The Haven, Falmouth 
Carvossa, Seaford 

The College, Durham 


Lamplugh, A. A. F. 
Lamplugh, Rev D. 
ILarmor, J. (Fellow) (E. '07) 
Latif, A.C. A. 
Laver, L. S. 
Laycock, A. P. 
Leadman, W. M. 
Leatham, G. 
Leathern, J. G. (Fellow) 

(E. 1905) 
Ledgard, W. H. 
Lee, H. 
+Lcc, W. J. 

Leftwich, C. G. (E. 1906) 
fLee Warner, Sir W. 
Leighton, F. F. 
Lewis, Dr C. E. M. 
Lewis, H. G. 
Lewis, H. S. 
Lewis, P. J. 
Lewton Brain, L. 
Ley, Rev A. B. M. (E. '09) 
Linnell, J. W. 
Linney, D. 
Lister, J. 

Lister, J. J. (Fellow) (E/ 05) 
Little, Rev J. R. 

67, Jesus Lane, Cambridge 
Rokeby Rectory, Barnard Castle 

44, Chowpati Road, Bombay 

1 16, Musters Road, West Bridgport, Nottingham 

London Hospital 

Oak House, Pocklington 

Wixenford, Wokingham, Berks. 

4, New Square, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 

Betul, Central Provinces, India 

Oldfield, Bickley, Kent 

Grrammar School, Bristol 

Widmore, Bromley, Kent 

Cliflon Lodge, Clifton Gardens, Maida Vale, W« 

Toynbee Hall, London, E 

Swanton Morley, East Dereham 

Wliite Colne Vicarage, Earls Colne, R.S.O. 

Pavenham Vicarage, Bedford 

Education Department, Amersfoort, Transvaal 

St Saviour's Vicarage, Darley, Leeds 

Stansfield Rectory, Clare, Suffolk 


List of Subscribers. 

Liveing, Prof G. D. (Fellow) 

(E. 1905) 
Lloyd, J. H. (E. 1906) 
lK)€ke, G T. (£. 1906) 
Lockton, Rev W. (E. 19O9) 
Long, Rev B. 
Long, H. £. 
Lord, Rev A. £. 
Love, Prof A'. E. H. (E, 1905) 
LuddingtoD, L. H. (E. *o7) 
Luplon, A. S. (£. 1907) 
LuptoD, J. (£. 1906) 
Lusk, J. 

Lydull, F. (E. 1904) 
Lymbery, A. W. 

The Pightle, Newnham, Cambridge 

High Croft, Somerset Road, Birmingham 
Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester 
31, Magdalen Road, Exeter 
Wokingham Rectory, Berks. 
43, Eldon Terrace, Wakefield 
Pentwortham House, Preston 
34, St Margaret's Road, Oxford 
Audley House, Littleport 
7, Earl's Terrace, Kensington, W. 
II, Edwardes Square, Kensington, W. 

65, Ladbroke Square, Notting Hill, W. 
Colston House, Sherwood Rise, Nottingham 

fMacAlister, Dr D. (Fellow) 

(E. 1909) 
Macalister, Prof A. (M.D.) 

Macalister, G. H. K. 
Macaulay, D. 
Macaulay, F. S. (E. 1909) 
tMcBride, £. W. (£. 1909) 
Mc Cormick, Rev Canon 
Mc Cormick, Rev J. G. 

(E. 1908) 
Mc Cormick, Rev W. P. G. 
tMcDonnell, M. F. J. 
•j-McDougall, W. 
Macdonald, A. K* 
MflcDonald, S. G. 
Mackintosh, Rev A. (M. '07) 
Miclaurin, Prof R. C. 
Mainer, E. (E. 1906) 
Manohar Lai (E. 1906) 
Marr, J. E. (Fellow) 
Marrs, F. W. 
Marshall, Prof A. (Fellow) 

(£. 1909) 
Mar&hall, W. B. 

Mason, Rev M. H. H. 
Mason, Rev P. H. (Fellow) 
fMasterman, Rev. J. H. B. 
Mathews, G. B. (£. 1907) 

Torrisdale, Lady Margaret Road, Cambridge 
Guy's Hospital, S.£. 

19, Dewhurst Road, Brook Green, W« 

McGill College, Montreal, Canada 

St James's Rectory, Piccadilly, W. 

St Paul's Vicarage, Prince's Park, Liverpool 

St James's Rectory, Piccadilly, W. 

5, Coleheme Road, Redcliffe Square, S.W. 

Weald Mount, Haslemere, Surrey 

Avondale, Albert Road, Kingstown, Ireland 

Student's Club, St Thomas's Hospital, S.E. 

Hamble Vicarage, Southampton 

Victoria College, Wellington, New Zealand 

The Comity School, St Asaph 

3, Ashgrove Terrace, Gateshead-on-Tyne 
Balliol Croft, Madingley Road, Cambridge 

Danehurst, Greenbank Drive, Seflon Park, 

24, Sydenham Road, Croydon 

3, Newhall Street, Birmingham 

List of Subscribers. 


Namt, Address, 

Matthews, J. C. (E. 1908) Palgrave Hall, Swaffham 
Matthew, G. A. (E. 1908) 56, Regent Street, Cambridge 
May, O. 15, Highbury Quadrant, N. 

Mayor, Rev Prof J. E. B. (President) 

f Mayor, Rev J. B. (E. 1908) Queensgate House, Kingston Hill, Surrey 
Melbourne, The Right Rev Bishopscourt, Melbourne, Australia 

the Lord Bishop (£. 04) 
Meldrum, R. 
Merriman, Rev J., D.D. 
tMerivale, B. 
Meyer, R. 

Middleniast, £. W. (E. '05) Victoria Crescent, Egmore, Madras 
Middleton, C. B. 
Mitchell, B. E. 
Mitchell, J. S. 
Moore, F. J. S. 
Moore, Rev C. (E. 1909) 
Moore, R. M. 
Morrison, D. C. A. 
Morshead, R. 
Morton, W. B. 
fMoss, Rev H. W. 
Moss, J. C. (E. 1905) 
Mo!»s, W. (E. 1905) 
Mountjoy, V. U. A. 

The Rectory, Freshwater, Isle of Wight 
3, Victoria Villas, Newcastle- on-T3me 

46, Panton Street, Cambridge 
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Queen's College, Belfast 

The Schools, Shrewsbury 

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Moxon, Rev T. A. (E. 1905) High School, Nottingham 
Muirhead, F. L. (E. 1906) Downe Lodge, Downe, Famborough, Kent 

H.M.S. Amphipn^ Pacific Station, Vancouver, 

MuUineux, Rev M. 

fMulIinger, J. B. 
fMulIins, W. £. (E. 1908) 
Murphy, W. L. 


18, Lyndhurst Gardens, Hampstead, N.W. 
Dartry, Upper Rathmines, Dublin 

Neave, D. H. 
Neave, W. S. 
Neill, N. C. 
Newbery, R. E. 
Newbold, Rev W. T. (E.'os) 
Newling, S. W. (E. 1909) 
Newton, Rev Canon H. 

(E. 1906) 
Kewton, T. H. Goodwin 

(E. 1906) 
Nicklin, Rev T. 
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fNorwood, E. (E. 1905) 
Norwood, G. (Fellow) 

Elmhurst, Fordingbridge,. near Salisbury 
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Rossall School, Fleetwood 


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List of Siibscribers. 

Oakeley, H. E. H. 
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Orgill. W. L. 
Orr, W. Mc F. 
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London Hospital, E. 

Blenholme, Station Road, New Barnet, Herts 
Cowlam Rectory, Sledmore, Yorks. 
The Cottage, Hill Ridware, Rugeley, Staffs. 
Royal College of Science, Dublin 
43, Oxford Mansions, Oxford Circas, W. 

Page, T. E. 
Palmer, J. T. E. 
tPalmer, T. N. P. 
Palmer. Rev J.J. B.(E. 'OS) 
Paramore, W. E. (E. 1908) 
Paranjpye, R. P. (Fellow) 

(E. 1905) 
Parker, Dr G. (E. 1909) 
Paraell, T. 
Pascoe, E. H. 
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(E. 1907) 
Pdlow, J. E. 
Pendlebury, C. (E. 1906) 
Pennant, P. P. (E. 1908) 
Percival, B. A. 
Percival, John (M. 1907) 
Pethybridge, G. H. 
Piaggio, H. T. H. 
Phillips, Dr J. (E. 1909) 
Phillips, Prof R.W. 
PhUlips, S. H. 
Picken, Rev W. S. (E. '08) 
Pilkington, A. C. 
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Pollard, C.(L 1908) 
Poole, A. W. 
Pooley, H. F. 
Pope, N. C. 

Portbury, Rev H. A. (M. '05) 
Porter, T. H. 

Powell, Rev C. T. (E. 1907) 
Powell, Sir F. S. 
fPoweU, N. G. 
Powning, Rev J. F. (E. '67) 
Prescott, E. 
Pi est, E. E. 

Charterhouse, Godalming 

17, Brand Lane, Ludlow, Shropshire 

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Fergusson College, Poona, India 

14, Pembroke Road, Clifton, Bristol 
Trinity College, Melbourne, Australia 
Montague House, New Barnet 

Bank House, Wisbech 

5, High Street, Southampton 

40, Glazbury Road, West Kensington, W. 
Nantlys, St Asaph 

The Isthmian Club, Piccadilly, W. 
University College, Reading 

11, Whitefield Terrace, Plymouth 

68, Brook Street, London, W. 

University College of North Wales, Bangor 

12, Hill Park Crescent, Plymouth 

The Grammar School, Sydney, N.S.W. 

41, Virginia Road, Leeds 

Fircrofl, Albury Heath, Nr. Guildford 

Wesleyan Mission, Royapettah, Madras 

Park House, Stubbington, Fareham, Hants. 

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School House, The Close, Hereford 

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Ramage, H. 

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Rau, K. R. R. S. 

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Read, A. J. 

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Bigby, Rev O. (E. 1908) 


2, Pump Court, Temple, E.C. 

185, Newport Road, Roalh, Cardiil 
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Christ Church Cathedral School, Dublin 
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Ritchie, J. N. (E. 1907) 

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Rob, J. W. (E. 1906) 16, Vincent Squaie, Westminster, S.W. 

Robb, A. A. Lisiiabrecny House, Belfast 

Roberts, Rev H. E., R.N. H.M.S. 'Irresistible,* Mediterranean Station 

(E. 1907) 
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(E. 1905) 
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fRootham, C. B. 
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Rose, H. C. 

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xvi List of Subscribers. 

Name, Address. 

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Row, V. P. (E. 1908) 

Rowe, Rev T. B. (E. 1904) St Anne's, Surrey Road, Bournemouth 

Kudd, Rev £. J. S. The Rectory, Souldeme, Banbury 

Rudd, £. W (E. 1907) Aldenbam School, Elstree, Herts. 

Rudd, W. A. 47, Louis Street, Hull 

Rushbrooke, W. G. St Olave's Grammar School, Southwark, S.E. 

Russell, A. F. (E. 1905) The Manse, Cape Town 

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Salman, Rev J. S. (M. 1907) Lastinghitm Vicarage, Sinnington, Yorkshire 

Sampson, R. A. (E. 1908) Observatory House, Durham 

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tSandys, Dr J. E. (Fellow) 

(E. 1904) 
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Sanger, H. 

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tSchiller, F. N. (E. 1906) c/o Messrs Pigott, Chapman and Co., Calcutta, 

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•Scott, R. F. (Fellow) (E '06) 

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Scoular, A. C. (E. 1906) St Bees, Cainforth 
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Senior, Rev C. A. L. (E. '07) 

Sephton, Rev J. (E. 1909) 90, Huskisson Street, Liverpool 
Shannon, G. C. 
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Shaw, J. B. 8, Downshire Hill, S. Hampstead, N.W, 

Shepley, G. H. Mytham Bridge, Derbyshire 

Sheppard, Rev C. P. (E. *07) The Vicarage, Clifton on Dunsmore, Rugby 
Shore, Dr L. E. (Fellow) 

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Simpson, G. C. E. 50, Momington Road, Regent's Park, N.W. 

Skene, C. M. B. 

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t Smith, Prof. G. C. M. 31, Endclifle Rise Road, Sheffield 

(E. 1905) 

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Church Lench Rectory, Evesham 
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Cambridge Road, Ely 
1,015, N. Calvert Street, Baltimore, U.S.A. 

Christ's Hospital, Horsham 
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c/o Henry S. King & Co., 65, Cornhill, E.C. 

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(E. I90») 
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(Master) (E. 1907) 
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Thomson, F. G. 
Thomson, Rev F. D. 
Thorpe, Rev C. E. (E. 1908) 
Ticehurst, C. B. 
Ticehurst, G. A. 
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Turner, R. 

The School, Wcllingboro* 
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c/o Messis Grindlay Groom &l Co., Bombay 
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I.C.S., Satara, Bombay Presidency, India 

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Vercoe, R. H. 

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Vinycomb, T. B. 

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Walker, R. R. 

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Waller, B. P. 

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(E. 1909) 
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(E. 1905) 
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fWhitaker, Rev Canon 

(E. 1905) 
While, F. A, 
Whiteley, G. T. 
Whitley, G. 

148, Jemingham Road, S.E. 

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F. C. (E. 1908) 
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31, Rossetti Mansions, Flood Street, Chelsea 
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Yapp, R. H. 
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fYeld, Rev C. 
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Yeoh, G. S. 
Young, P. N. F. 

University College of Wales, Aberystwyth 

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St Mary's Vicarage, Grassendale, Liverpool 

Carrington House, Fettes College, Edinburgh 




]Lent Term, 1905. 


{Continued from p, 31.) 

|E give a further instalment of letters dealing 
with the aflfairs of Stamford School, in 
continuation of those printed in our last 
number. It will be recollected that on the 
death'of Mr. Hannes, the Mayor of Stamford with whom 
the nomination of the Schoolmaster rested, was 
suspected of having a pecuniary reason for favouring 
Dod, the Usher to Mr Hannes. The Earl of Exeter 
seems to have been anxious to secure Mr. Gooddall, 
then Master of Lincoln School. The son of the Rev 
Ambrose Gooddall, he was born at Hambledon in 
Rutlandshire, and was admitted to St John's from 
Oakham School 13 June 17 13. At the date of this 
correspondence, in addition to his Schoolmaster's place, 
he was Vicar of Great Carlton in Lincolnshire, to which 
he was instituted ig November 1726. He was 
subsequently instituted Vicar of Wellingore in Lincoln- 
shire 29 March 1735, and collated to the Prebend of 
Crackpole in Lincoln Cathedral ; holding all three pieces 
of preferment until his death in 1742. 

A correspondent oi Notes and Queries^ writing in 1859 
[N. & Q. 2 Ser. viii, 349) mentions that he had in his 
possession a " Homer," inside the cover of which was 


J 42 Notei from the College Records. 

written " Liber Johannis Gooddall Sci. Joh. Coll. Cant/% 
and on the fly leaf: 

O mihi post nullos Goodall memorande sodales 

Donee eris felix semper amicus ero. 

Thomas Harrison, scripsit. 

A Thomas Harrison, son of the Rev William 
Harrison, born at Snailwell, Cambridgeshire, was 
admitted to St John's, from Saffron Walden School, 
9 July 1713; so that h& was in the same year as 

John Clendon, the Mayor's nominee, son of the Rev 
Thomas Clendon, of Broughton, Northants, matriculated 
at Oxford, from Trinity College, 14 January 17 17 — 8, 
aged 16, and took the B.A. degree at Oxford in 1721. 

Lord Burghley, who was to have been sent to 
Stamford School, if Mr Gooddall had accepted it, was at 
this time about six years old. He entered St John's 
9 November 1744, from Winchester; he afterwards 
became the ninth Earl of Exeter. 

Reverend Doctor I 

As I was formerly a member of your Society, I hope you'l 
please to excuse the trouble I here give you upon the following 

I have been lately invited over by Lord Exeter and the 
Mayor of Stamford to accept of the School there, provided you 
please to approve of me. For no choice of a Master can be 
made without your consent. But if 1 accept of the offer, I hope 
you*l please to grant me that favour. I am not as yet resolved 
about it. but have desired a little lime to con-ider of it with my 
friends, because 1 am at present very well placed at Lincoln, 
and should be unwilling to remove uniess with the prospect of 
some good advantage. 

The salary at Slam ford, according to the Mayor's account, is 
sixty pounds and ten shillings a year. But by several credible 
persons there Fm informed that the fines of ihe esiale belong 
also to the Master.. Which if allowed by the Corporalion would 
make a considerable addition to the salary. But these they 
pretend to keep for the repairs of the School and the House, 

Notes from the College Records. 143 

and for their trouble. Now, supposing you may have the will 
of the Founder by you, and the Act of Parliament which was 
made upon that occasion, I should take it as a very great favour 
if you would please to send me your opinion concerning that 
mailer. The late Master had a great quarrel with the 
Corporation about it, and if he had lived, would have preferred a 
Bill in Chancery against them, But as I should be very sorry 
to have any diffrrence or dispute with the Corporation, 1 desire 
to have every thing settled beforehand in a friendly manner, and 
indeed unless this can- be I shall, never venture to take the 

The Mayor seems very unwilling to give up the Fines. And 
I am told privately, that if I resolve to accept the School, he 
designs to require a Bond from me by way of security to the 
Corporation from any after demands. This indeed he himself 
has said nothing of* as yet. And if it should prove true, I 
should by no means comply with it. Because it seems plainly 
to signifie, as if they were sensible they could not defend them- 
selves in wiiholding the Fines. This I acquaint you with, that 
if any dispute should arise, and any other person who perhaps 
may comply wiih their terms should be recommended to you, 
the matter may be inquired into, if you think proper. 

If you can give me any light relating to the affair I have 
fnentioned, it would be very acceptable, and I shall be very 
thankfull for it. And if it should be your opinion that the Fines 
belong to the Master, probably that might be of great weight 
with the Corporation to dispose them to part with 'em. 

I beg pardon for this trouble, and am Sir, with the greatest 

Lincoln your most respectfull 

January 18th 1730 — 31, and obedient servant 


Addre/sed: To the Revd Doctor Lambert, Master of St John's 
College in Cambridge, at his Lodge present. By Caxton Bag. 

Reverend Doctor and Dear Friend 

I'm afraid you have waited with some impatience for my 
determination with regard to the School of Stamford. But as 
my removal is an affair of no little consequence, I hope it will 
be excused by my Lord and Lady Exeter, and my other friends. 

1 4 \ Notes from the College Records. 

that I desired some time to consider of it. I have now 
discoursed with my friends here about it, and find them very 
nnwilling to part with me. But yet if the Corporation of 
Stamford would please to settle things upon that footing (which 
I'm informed by several very credible persons they ought to be), 
I mean, to give up the Fines and what of right belongs to the 
School, I believe I might prevail upon them to consent to my 
removal. And that, together with the prospect of having Lord 
Burghley for my scholar, and the hopes of the favour of tliat 
Noble Family, would incline me to endeavour it. Upon this 
occasion I should be glad if you and Mr Harrison would please 
to take the trouble (as friends of mine) of going over to 
Stamford, and discourse the matter setiously with the Mayor 
and such others as you think proper, whether they be willing to 
come into the measures above mentioned. 

When I was at Stamford myself and the prospect not so good 
as it has been since represented, and being perfectly 
undetermined and indifferent, it seemed not becoming me to 
press things so home upon the Mayor, as there is now occasion, 
if I accept the School. Upon this account therefore I hope you 
and Mr Harrison will excuse the trouble I desire you to under- 
take, of doing what you might otherwise think I should have 
done myself, when I was over. There is also another reason 
I might add, namely this, that a friend may in many cases 
speak much better for a person, than he can for himself. 

I have this post sent a letter to the Mayor, so that he will be 
prepared for the matter I desire you to propose to him. There 
is another thing I must mention to you, which is a very material 
one, and it is this, that I have been privately informed that, 
should I accept the School, the Mayor designs to require a bond 
from me to secure the Corporation from any demands beyond 
what they are willing to allow. Which, if true, seems to me a 
\try dishonourable condition, and such as I can never comply 
with. For it would plainly imply that all things were not right 
at the bottom. I designed you a long letter, but a gentleman 
coming in very unluckily forces me to conclude in haste, 
otherwise I shall be too late for the Post. 

I am, Dear Sir, with all duty and respect to my Lord and Lady 
Exeter, and service to my other friends 
January 23 your obliged and most 

1730—31 faithfull servant 


Notes from the College Records. 145 

Let me know in your next, whether I might take the liberty 
of inclosing a letter for you in a case to Lord Exeter. 

Addressed: For the Revd Doctor Peake. 

Dear Sir 

Stamford School being vacant by the death of Mr Hannes, 
the Mayor, Mr Holcott» complimented Lord Exeter with the 
nomination, and his Lordship, being ever desirous to serve the 
Corporation in the best manner, recommended Mr Gooddall, 
formerly of our College, to be the man, upon whose acceptance 
of it Lord Burghley was to have been sent thither. I have sent 
his letters which contain the reasons of his refusal, and likewise 
a copy of the Mayor's letter which was very far from being 
expected. By which you will see how greatly he is surprised in 
not having heard from Mr Gooddall (whom he treated, as his 
letter sets forth, like a gentleman, and with all the good 
manners he could for a time) as last Wednesday which was fixed 
as the longest term for giving in his answer. Nor are we less 
surprised at Mr Mayor's haste after having made a declaration 
at my Lord's table that in case Mr Goodall did not think fit to 
take the School, the nomination however should yet be reserved 
to his Lordship, from which he has ver}* unworthily departed, 
and hopes notwithstanding his Lordship will not take it ill, if he 

This morning I waited upon him, and remonstrated how ill 
he had used his Lordship in the affair, and likewise how plain 
the principles he acted upon appeared. His answer was very 
agreeable to a clause you will see in his letter, viz. such 
proposalls had been made as in justice to himself and family 
ought not to be slighted, which to prevent any mistakes he 
further explained in this manner, if the person presented would 
make his wife a present, he should make no objection to it. 

We apprehend that Mr Dodd. Usher to the late Master, has 
made the purchase, for a character of whom, and it is I do really 
believe a very just one, give me leave to refer you to a letter 
from Mr Wyche to Doctor Edmundson in behalf of the 

Lord Exeter would have wrote himself but hopes youUI be so 

146. Notes from the College Records. 

good as to excuse his being prevented by company. Lord a:nd 
Lndy join in their services to you. I am with great respect 
January 25, your most humble servant 

1730 — 31. to command 

J. Pkake. 

Upon this letter Dr Lambert has written : 

Answered, January 27. 
They may depend upon it that I shall not be hasty in giving 
my consent to such a nomination, which must give a finishing 
stroke to the ruine of the School. Mr G. will not comply with 
any illegal or dishonest proposal. That must be avoided, which 
no honest man will comply with. 

A copy of the Mayor's letter to My Lord Exeter. 

On the account of my friend not accepting the School and 
then upon application to some of the heads of our Cor|)oration, 
Mr Wright was recommended as a fit person, I gave leave to 
wtite to him tho* unknown to me, but as he proved disagreeable 
to your Lordship, they quitted their pretensions for him and 
dropthim. So 1 was advised to beg the favour of your Lordship 
to think of a more proper person to serve as Master. And on 
Christmas day your Lordship was pleased to think Mr Gooddall of 
Lincoln would be acceptable. To whom I wrote, as I then 
promised, on Sunday, December 27th, and from Lincoln. 
December 28th, he writes word he should be in Rutland, and 
from Hambledon designed to wait on your Lorship himself and 
before that would not come to any resolution. Mr Gooddall came 
about the time to make enquiry. I used him like a gentleman, 
treated him with all the good manners I could for the time, and 
communicated all the papers that were necessary and upon what 
terms he was welcome to the School. What satisfaction they 
gave him I know not, but instead of a final answer I was 
surprised to see him at Stamford a week after in the evening, 
when he wanted to peruse the Act of Parliament etc. again, 
which I readily granted, when without staying, I might depend, 
he said, of a full answer either the Saturday or Wednesday 
following at furthest. I would not hear of any proposals from 
other candidates, haveing given him my word till the term was 
(ycpiredi when to my surprise, no line one way or other^ and still 

Notes from the College Records. 147 

conlinues so, which occasioned everyone to apply them, so that 
I have notiiiiif^ but coniinuall sollicitalions an.l such proposals 
which in justice to myself and family I ought not to slight, 
besid* s their being in<lustrious in the School, living in peace 
with the body, by be'ng content with tiicir pay and on all 
occasions in your Lordship*s interest. 

1 have reason to believe by circumstances that Mr Gooddall 
is trying whether the Dean and Chapter, or Corporacion, of 
Lincoln will make it better than Stamford, and upon that his 
answer depends, besides some other particulars too tedious, so 
I beg of your Lordship not to take it ill if 1 present, who am 
with all submission 
Jan. 24, 1730 — 31. your Lordship's humble etc. 

Stamford, 26 January 1730 — 31. 

Since I sent a special) messenger with letters to the Master 
and yourself Dod has thought fitt to fly from his intended 
bargain with our Mayor (not dareing to stand the Master's 
examination) and now has mett with a fresh chapman, one Mr 
Glendon, who has advanced near as much as Dod was to have 
done, but the Mayor keeps this as private as he can, though we 
are satisfied a large summe passed between them. Mr Glendon 
is very little known amongst us, whether a scholler or noe we 
know not, but are satisfied he is a man of a very loose character. 
Soe that it will be impossible for him to raise our School, we 
must rely wholely on the goodness of the Master of St John's, if 
possible to putt him by, and not consent to any who does not 
carry with him Lord Exeter's recommendation, and then we 
shall be sure of a good man, and disappoint such vile attempts 
tliat are made vpon vs by way of bribery and corruption. 1 am 
wiih greatest respect 

Sir, your most humble servant 
Richard Wyche. 

January 28th 1730 — 31 
Dear Sir 

Lord Exeter orders me to acquaint you that the contents of 
yours were very agre.ible to his Lordship, for which also I beg 
leave lo pay my compliments and thanks. I sent your letter 

148 Notes from the College Records, 

forthwith to Mr Wyche with full assurance of its giving good 
content and satisfaction to the Body. 

Mr Dody whom we suspected, is not the person, but one 
Clendon of Desborough, Northamptonshire, the former insisting 
upon his being put into actual possession before he deposited 
the coin, the latter either taking it at all adventures, or bidding 
more money. 

Young Mr Wyche, the Town Clerk, and who as such drew up 
the presentation for the School, assures my Lord that the Mayor 
was so kind, or rather uncautious, as to let him see the 
instrument of conveyance given by Clendon which is a stronger 
proof of weakness and corruption than could with reason have 
been expected. 

You will without doubt have heard the whole of this affair 
laid before you by the Corporation, so that I will detain you no 
longer than whilst I subscribe myself 

your most humble servant 
to command 
J. Peaks. 

Lord and Lady desire their service to you. 

Stamford, 6 Feb. 1730—31 

I hope you received my letter by the post which I sent 
immediately after 1 had dispatcht the speciall messenger to you. 
Itt was to lett you know that the Mayor and Dod had disagreed, 
and that the Mayor immediately pickt vp another, one 
Mr Clendon, who that very day struck the bargain for too 
guineas ; 40 were put down and a note given for the other 60, 
and the Mayor signed his presentation that night. Lord Exeter 
is highly disobliged, and the greatest part of our Town are in 
great concern about it. For Mr Clendon is a stranger amongst 
vs, is an Oxford man as I heare, but I do not hear of any 
qualification he has to be our Schoolmaster. Neither did he 
come hither with the recommendation of any one whatever. 
We hope the Master of St John's will not easily be persuaded to 
give his approbation to such a man. We are about inquiring 
into his moralls and shall doe all we can to sett his purchased 
presentation aside. We hope allso to let Mr Mayor know that 
he has exceeded his authority and betrayed his trust, and done 

Notes from the College Records. 149 

the basest accion to our Town that he could have been guilty of. 
I begg to have a line of the Master's thoughts in this affair, and 
also what success Mr Clendon meets with when he comes before 
him. I think it is plain by the Act of Parliament that the Mayor 
should first have advised with the Master, and when they have 
agreed vpon a filt person the Mayor should then present and the 
Master approve, and this not being done we hope to have our 

I have a copy of a letter by me wrote by Dr Gower in 1691 
to the then Mayor, in which he says the Act ought to be 
pursued. I am with the greatest respect to the Master and 
yourself. Sir 

your most humble servant 
Richard Wychb. 

Addressed: To the Revd Dr Edmundson att St John's College^ 
Cambridge. By Caxton Bagg. 

February 14, 1730 — 31 
Dear Sir 

Lord Exeter received a letter from Mr Noel last post, who is 
of opinion that the Court of King's Bench will grant an 
information against the Mayor, but it being contrary to their 
rules to move for it so late in term I am ordered to acquaint you 
with this^his intention, and it is his Lordship's desire that you 
would not in the meantime give your approbation to Mr 
Clendon. All here desire their services to you. I am with great 

your most humble servant 
to command 
J. Pbakb. 

Addressed: To the Revd. Doctor Lambert, Master of St 
John's College, Cambridge. By Caxton Bag. 
Free, Exbtkr. 

February 13 rd 1730—3! 
Dear Sir 

I had the pleasure of yours of the 16th instant and shall take 
care to lay it by very safe. 


150 Notes from the College Records. 

I am informed that Mr Clendon, instead of coming from you 
to Stamford, stopt short and after having ordered his boy to ga 
forward set his own face towards London. 

I did not at all doubt that he woald tell his story in such 
a manner as to engage your pity, and was his conduct, as he so 
much insisted on, unexceptionable, he would be a proper object 
of it. But since the stress of his affair turns chiefly upon the 
indirect method of obtaining a presentation I shall neither 
trouble you nor myself with a detail of his private character, 
which I have too good reason to believe would not upon 
enquiry be found for his advantage. Yesterday I received a 
letter of Dr Edmundson's in behalf of Mr Smith, the bearer, to 
get him nominated for Stamford School, how that can be done 
in the present situation of affairs I cannot see, for neither have 
the Corporation given up Mr Gooddall, nor has Mr Gooddali 
declined his acceptance and how the Mayor can be gained over 
to such a complyance is still farther out of my reach, especially 
since my Lord is absolutely determined to have notliing to do 
with the matter during the present Magistrate's administratioik. 
My Lord you may assure yourself will have a due regard to your 
recommendation, but Mr Smith I found had not that to show, 
he presumed you was not unacquainted with his coming because 
Dr Edmundson gave him letters to Mr Wyche and to me. We 
promised to let him know Mr Gooddairs conclusion, and 
advised him upon such notice to apply immediately to you for 
your consent, though it is my firm opinion that the Mayor will 
never be brought over to such a method, for he is certainly one 
of the most positive fellows alive. 

Lord Exeter desires his humble service to you, her Ladyship 
is very much out of order, having miscarried lately. I am 

your most humble servant 
to command 

J. P£AKE. 

Another thing is that Lord Burghley would not be sent to 
a very young man or to one not personally known. Both Lord 
and Lady wish that Mr Thomas might te the man in caso 
Mr Gooddall should be out of the question, but I desire this may 
not be spoke of at present, for this was the answer given when 
1 spoke of Mr Smith yesterday. 

Noi€5 from the Cottage Records, \ 5 x 

February 25, 1730 — 31 
Dear Sir 

I received a letter from Mr Noel this morning, who desires 
me to acquaint you with the following account, and to assure 
you from him that he will undertake fully to prove the corrupt 
agreement betwixt Clendon and the Mayor previous to the 
nomination, and the corrupt execution of that agreement 
subsequent to the nomination, that he will likewise undertake to 
support and defend you in this your refusal of Clendon, if any 
occasion shall require it. One part of the agreement between 
Clendon and the Mayor, he says, is this, that if the Master 
should refuse his approbation, then the Mayor should refund 
the money to Clendon, reserving only two guineas for his 
trouble, and therefore it is an apparent falsehood for him to say 
he absolutely depended upon the Mayor's power, when he was 
apprised of its being subject to your approbation and made an 
express provision in case he should not obtain it. 

The reason of Mr Noel's desiring me to give you this trouble 
is upon hearing that Clendon is gone to London and may 
possibly state his case so as to obtain some opinion in his favour, 
but you may, he says, depend upon his honour that he is able to 
make out the truth of what he asserts, and will proceed in it 
with vigour and resolution. 

Lord Exeter desires his humble service to you as does 
also Mr Noel. I am 

your most humble servant 
to command 
J. Peaks. 

Stamford 25 February 1730 — 3i 

Dr Peake was so kind as to send me an account of the 
Master's proceedings with Mr Clendon, and his reasons for his 
not confirming the Mayor's nomination, which are very just and 

As to Mr Clendon's offering to clear himselfe from his 
corruption, it would have added to his crime, for it will be 
vndenyably proved that it was a firm agreement, before the 
Mayor signed his instrument. The Master was very good in 
rejecting his oath. I had yours of the 20th instant by Mr Smithy 

iji Notes from the College Records. 

find went with him to Burghley to Dr Peake, who also delivered 
your letter to him. We there talk't the affair over, thinking it 
best to keep it to ourselves till we see a little further, for Mr 
Clendon is not yet come from London, neither has Mr Gooddall 
yet sent his determinative answer. 

All here who wish the good of our Town and encrease of oar 
School have a due sense of the Master's good conduct and think 
he ought to be highly esteemed for it. We have a full 
assurance that the Master will not be induced by any means to 
putt in a man that will be always obnoxious to vs, for though he 
may have gained hands to give him a character, yet we know 
other things of him here. 

The Mayor publickly declares against Mr Gooddall, and says 
he has two more ready if Mr Clendon does not succeed, but we 
are satisfied noe honest man will accept it. We must be as 
easie as we can without a Master till next Terme, and then we 
doubt not but the Court of King's Bench will humble our 
conceited Mayor, and that his Gown will be putt on an honester 
man's back. If any thing further happens you shall be sure to 
have an account thereof from. Sir 

your most humble servant 
Richard Wychb. 

Addressed: To the Revd Dr Edmondson at St John's 
Colledge, Cambridge, present. 

February 28, 1750-31. 
Dear Sir, 

I hope you'll be so good as to excuse my persecuting you 
thus with letter after letter, for I can't help thinking it no less 
necessary for you to be informed than for me to give you an 
account of such steps in the present affair as I am able to 
come at. 

I find that one part of Mr Clendon's business in Town was 
to make a report of his case to Sir Just. Isham from whom my 
Lord received a letter last post in his behalf confirming the 
account mentioned in the postcript to yours of February 
the 1 6th. 

I have wrote to Mr Noel this morning to make a represen- 
tation of the case to that gentleman, because as he has just now 
obliged m^ Lord in a particular affair it will be natural for him 

Nolcs from the College Records. 153 

to expect the compliment should be retarned unless some propet 
reason is assigned why his Lordship can't comply with his 
recommendation of that person. 

I know nothing of Mr Thomas*s inclination to us, but that 
plain, honest countenance of his so much prejudiced Lord and 
Lady Exeter in his favour that they are willing to believe he 
would accept the school, though for no other reason that I know 
of, but because they wish it. All here desire their service to 
you, I am 

Your most humble servant, 

to command 

J. Paakb. 

Mr Noel, I believe, has taken care to lodge a caveat with the 

Addressed: For the Revd Doctor Lambert, Master of St John's 
College in Cambridge, By Caxton. Free Exstkr. 

March 2, 1730-31. 
Dear Sir 

I hope this will be the last time of giving either you or 
myself any further trouble upon the affair which has been so 
long upon the carpet. Mr Gooddall having at length sent his 
final resolution of not exchanging Lincoln for Stamford. 

I thought it proper to advise you of it, because in all 
probability you will have Mr Smith in a few days to wait upon 
you for your recommendation of him to my Lord, who I dare 
say will not meddle whilest this Mayor has any thing to do in 
the Corporation nor do I apprehend that the Mayor will give 
np any thing of his right with regard to the nomination, be that 
as it will, I shall not take upon me so much as to suggest what 
is to be done in regard to Smith, since you are so much better 
qualifyed to act in an affair of this nature, than I to prescribe. 
Lord and Lady desire their services to you. I am 

Your most humble servant 
to command 


Addressed: To the Revd Doctor Lambert, Master of St John's 
Coll. Cambridge. By Caxton Bag. Free Exbtbr. 

154 Nvies from the College Records. 

Dear Sir 

I had the favour of yours in relation to Mr. Clendon's affair, 
and took the first opportunity of mentioning it to My Lord of 
London, \vho remembers he had some conversation with him 
about the report of his having procured the nomination by 
methods not altogether regular. But he is very sure, he never 
examined him upon this occasion, or approved of him as 
sufficiently qualified for that place. He cannot recollect that 
he gave him Orders, but believes he might, and that Clendon 
might undergo the usual examination ; and as to the nomination 
he affirmed he had laid himself under no other obligations than 
the customary presents to Mrs Mayoress, and that not till after 
he had received his instrument. 

I really think, considering the grounds you had for a just 
suspicion, his breaking his woid with you, and avoiding the 
satisfaction you required as to his skill in Greek, you were 
perfectly in the right to make a stand, and may well justifie the 
refusal of your consent. The Act of Parliament, as you recite 
it, enacts that on every vacancy the Mayor shall nominate a 
Schoolmaster with the advice and consent of the Master of 
St John's. The first supposes some previous conversation had 
with the Master on the qualifications of the candidates, the 
other his approbation and consent along with the nomination. 
That which Mr Clendon has is without the advice and even 
against your consent, and yet if there be no Caveat entered on 
your behalf the Bishop of Lincoln may be surprized into a 
confirmation of it by his licence, without knowing anything of 
what has passed. Would it not therefore be very proper, if yoa 
continue still of the same opinion, to order a Caveat to be 
immediately lodged with the Bishop's Secretary (who is now at 
Bugden) against his having a license till you are heard, and 
when properly warned to lay your reasons before the Bishop, 
for nothing short of this can well justifie you to your successors, 
or to the world. 

If I am not much misinformed a gentleman in this neighbour- 
hood had an early offer of the place, who, after some little 
consideration, refused it on account as he said of part of the 
revenues being withheld, or otherwise applyed than it ought to 
be by the Corporation. I am Sir 

March ii, 1730-31. Your most obliged humble servant 

John Bettbsworth. 

Notes from the College Records. 155 

Mr Knaplock has my small exhibitions due at Christmas last 
in his hands. Service to all ffriends. 

Addressed: For the Rev Dr Lambert, Master of St John's 
College, Cambridge. 

II March 1730-31 
Dear Sir 

Lord Exeter is very much pleased with the steps you have 
taken in this affair. I am ordered to send yours to Mr Noel 
who is upon the Circuit and will be at Oakham to morrow, that 
he may give a full and particular answer to it. For my part I 
can by no means apprehend how the cancelling a corrupt 
agreement though in the presence of never so many witnesses, 
can destroy either the malignity of the contract or render a 
subsequent nomination of any force or value, for it may reason- 
ably be supposed that the parties, who were capable of so illegal 
a transaction are not now less criminal though more cautious. 
I am informed that the Mayor designs to put Mr Clendon into 
possession immediately. 

Lord Exeter designs to be at Newmarket in mid-lent week, 
at which time I shall set out for College, and as his Lordship 
proposes to dine at Cambridge I dare say it would be taken 
kindly if you invited him. I could not dispense with myself 
from giving you this hint, but leave it to your judgment and 
convenience. I am 

Your most humble servant 

to command 

J. Peaks. 

Addressed: To the Revd Doctor Lambert, Master of St John's 
College, Cambridge. By Caxton bag. Ftee Exbtek. 

Endorsed: Answered March 16. Caveat entered by Mr 
Broxholme March 14. 


I desire that Mr Broxholme may be allowed to enter a Caveat 
from me against Mr John Clendon's Lycense to be Master of 
the school at Stamford, by vertue of any nomination from the 
Mayor, without my consent, signified under hand and Seal, fint 

156 Notes from the College Records. 

had and obtained, till I may upon notice lay my reasons before 
his Lordship, why I dissent from the Mayor's single nomination. 
I am 

St John's College Your humble servant 

II March 1730-31 Robbrt Lambert. 

18 March 1730-31 
Dear Sir 

Yesterday I had the honour of a letter from the Mayor of 
Stamford signifying that Mr Clendon had given up his pre- 
tensions to the school, and that he being now at liberty to 
nominate and present any other, would if his Lordship thought 
fit, send me a blank to fill up, and that he would be ready on 
his part to confirm such a nomination upon sight. 

My answer was that Lord Exeter being engaged, I could not 
have the satisfaction of his Lordship's opinion at present and 
moreover, that Mr Gooddall, to whom I wrote the Wednesday 
before, had not given his positive answer, for whom I durst not 
undertake to determine. I had given you notice that Gooddall 
would not come amongst us being led to it, by what I appre- 
hended was the obvious intention of these words — I have 
promised to write to my friends to excuse my coming to Stam- 
ford — nor can I for my part fix any other sense to them without 
manifest violence, but supposing them capable of another 
signification, yet the reason of them must likewise be considered, 
which was to relieve his friends there from the uneasiness they 
were under at the thoughts of his coming here, so they were 
either satisfy'd with this promise, or they were not. If they 
were satisfy'd, as appears from their silence consequent upon 
his declaration, then they could not but have understood him 
as acquiescing with their desires ; if they were not satisfy'd they 
would in all probability have insisted upon such other expressions 
as might preclude any the least doubt of the true intent and 
meaning of them. Thus I think both the common use of the 
words and the reason of them do sufficiently make good my 
construction, and indeed every one who saw the letters did so 
understand them. But as he has since given a different turn to 
the sense in two subsequent letters, I wrote to him in the 
Spanish phrase for a categorical answer which I expect every 

Notes from the College Records. 1 57 

Lord Exeter thanks you for yoar kind invitation, and designs 
to eat a piece of mutton with you on Monday th« iSlh betwirt 
12 and I. If anything should interrupt his present intention 
yoH may assure yourself of having timely advices from 

Your very humble servant 
to command 

J. P£AKB, 

Keverend Doctor 

I must own myself to blame for not giving a positive answer 
eooner to my friends with regard to the School at Stamford, and 
I am really very sorry for it. But the surprizing management of 
the Mayor there, and, the various representations of things 
which were made to me together with the uneasiness of th« 
Corporation at Lincoln at the report of my intended removal, 
kept me in suspense and made me uncertain what to resolve 

It was my desire to take that course which might be most for 
my advantage (as every one naturally wishes to do, and may do 
80 in a lawful way). And at the same time I was very unwilling 
to displease any of those who were my friends and wisht me 
well. And being divided between Lincoln and Stamford (for 
both which places I shall always have a great respect) sometimes 
It appeared most advisable for me to remove, at others to stay 
where I am. And upon the nicest examination of things in all 
the circumstances, I could not certainly determine which was 
best. However as the salary at Stamford was likely to be better 
than what I have here, supposing the Fines were given up 
(which all, or most, allow to belong to the Master) I had fully 
purposed to go thither, provided that affair could have been 
settled to my satisfaction in a peaceable way. But being lately 
informed, that the settling of it was designed to be let alone till 
after my entring upon the School, it seemed to me that it would 
be better to decline accepting it, than to engage in it whilst the 
issue of that affair was unknown. And to this purpose 
I acquainted Dr Peake with my thoughts by Wednesday's post 
last, and sent a letter to Stamford also intimating the same. 
And I am still of the same opinion, that unless that dispute was 
iairly settled and agreed, so that I might know what to expect, 
it would be by no means proper for me to remove. 1 proposed 

158 Notes from the College Records. 

going over to know thiir last resolution, and to discourse with 
them about it. But as 1 have heard nothing from my friends 
since, I suppose it is not likely to be determined in such 
manner as I once hoped it would. I am very sensible of the 
kind intimation you are pleased to give me of your readyness to 
confirm me upon the Mayor*s nomination. And I here return 
my thanks for it, as also for your care in opposing Mr Clendon 
in his designs. Though the state of things is such that I dare 
not accept, yet your favours and civilities are equally obliging, 
and shall always gratefully be remembered and acknowledged 
by me, who am, Good Sir, with the greatest esteem and respect 

Lincoln your most obedient 

April 12, 1 73 1 humble servant 


Addressed: To the Revd Doctor Lambert, Master of St 
John's College in Cambiidge, at his Lodge in the College. By 
Caxton bag. 

15 April 1 73 1 
Dear Sir 

I had the favour of yours, his Lordship got well hither and 
desires his thanks for your kind enquiry after him. 

Doctor Wallis of Stamford was with me the other day in 
behalf of Ds Reid, and only requested that if his Lordship had 
not any particular person to recommend to the Mayor's 
nomination, he would give his consent, or at least not be 
displeased if he, Wallis, should use his interest for the person 
above mentioned, if so, he would take particular rare to do it in 
such a manner as should be agreable to his Lordship, and to 
the Master of St John's. I made a report of this to his Lordship 
who could not give a direct answer as not being positively 
assured of GooddalFs absolute determination against coming 
here. And it is my opinion that, in case of such a refusal, his 
Lordship will have nothing to do in the affair, being as 
I apprehend indifferent to everybody but the gentleman at 
Lincoln. I received a letter from her Ladyship last night who 
desires her service to you. I am 

your very humble servant 

to command 

J. Peake. 

Notes from the College Records. i59 

Addressed: To the Revd Doctor Lambert. Master of Si John's 
Coll. in Cambridge. By Caxton bag. Free Exeter. 

1 8 April 1751 
Dear Sir 

• I find by yours of the 15th that Mr Gooddall is in the same 
undetermined way as he has been all along, and still harps upon 
that unlucky string, the Fines, about which I wrote in as plain 
a manner as possible and with Mr Blackwell's authority, that 
that affair should be referred to the arbitration of such counsel 
as should be agreed upon by each party, and } that thei|r 
conclusion should be final, which in my opinion is a fair and 
equitable method of proceeding. 

I had heard of Ds Reid's design before I came to College, 
and had it in my mind to mention it to you, that very afternooq 
you wrote to Mr Gooddall, but I believe the Master of Jesus 
coming in at that time made me forget it. I have heard nothing 
farther of that affair since my last, and am yet of opinion that 
my Lord will give himself no trouble about it, for his Lordship 
will never lay himself under an obligation to a person who has 
treated him so unworthily. My Lord desires his compliments to 
you, I am 

your humble servant 

to command 

J. Peake, 

Addressed : To the Revd Doctor Lambert, Master of St John's 
College in Cambridge. By Caxton bag. Free Exeter. 

Reverend Doctor 

If the School of Stamford is not already disposed of I should 
take it as a great favour if you would please to allow me three or 
four days more to consider of it. Because in that time I intend 
to go over to Stamford, and if things can be made agreable to 
me (as I am ready now to think they may) I shall be willing to 
accept it. 

If a person is pitcht upon already and approved by you, al! 
that I desire then is, that you*l please not to mention any thing 

r6o Notes from the College Records. 

of your receiving this letter from me so different from my fornwr 
determination. And please to excuse the trouble of it from. 
Good Sir 

I^cols jour most obliged and 

29 Aprils >73'« most obedient servani 


• By Thursday's post next I hope you may hear further fron» 
me. I am jnst come from off a journey, and in very great 

Addressed: To the Revd Doctor Lambert, Master of St John's. 
College in Cambridge, at his Lodge in the College. By 

22 April I73» 
Dear Sir 

The inclosed is Mr Gooddall's letter and my answer. I 
could not forbear sending them that you might form a judgment 
of my Lord's sentiments, and that gentleman^s uncertainty. 

Our journey to Derby is prevented by the small pox breaking 
out there afresh, and we hope to have her Ladyship here in 
a week or ten days. I have heard nothing of Sir Reid aad am 
resolved if possible not to be concerned in the least about that 
matter. My Lord lias had a cold hanging upon him since he 
left Newmarket, but is much better and desires his compliments 
to you. I am 

your very humble servant 
to command 


Addressed: To the Revd Doctor Lambert, Master of St John's 
College in Cambridge. By Caxlon bag. Free Exbter. 

Dr Feake*s enclosure consists of a letter from GooddaLl to 
himself, upon the back of which he has written a copy of his 

Dear Doctor 

I beg leave to trouble you with one letter more relating to the 
School of Stamford. And, if it is not already disposed of» 
I should be glad if my friends could forbear two or three days 

Notes from the College Records. i6i 

longer; in which time I intend to be at Stamford. And if 
I sliall find things agreable am inclined to accept. 

If another person is already pitcht upon, all that I desire 
then is, that you'l please not to mention this letter to any body, 
but burn it, and excuse the trouble of it from, Dear Sir 

your most ready friend 
and most humble servant 


I am JQSt come from a journey, and very weary. April 19^ 

Dear Sir 

I received yours but have had no advices from Stamford 
a good while. The last account was that application had been 
made to the Mayor for one Sir Reid, a new elect Fellow, but 
what the issue of it will be I can't say. 

It is my opinion that his Lordship will not interest himself 
any more in the aiTair, being wearied with delays, and become 
now quite indifferent through your irresolution. 

It was an easie matter to have declared from the very first one 
way or other, and to have spoke without reserve, whether or no 
you would accept the School upon the Fines being put to the 
arbitration of proper counsel, or have refused it, unless the fines 
were absolutely given up. Whether it is too late or not I really 
don't know, but as you intend to be in these parts in a few days» 
it may be proper for you to make an enquiry and to put an end 
at once to an affair that has been so long depending 

yours etc. 

Answer to Mr G^s letter. 

Reverend Doctor ! 

You will, Pm afraid, think me very fickle and variable in 
writing so differently with regard to the School at Stamford. 
And I am heartily sorry that I have given you and the rest of my 
friends so much trouble about it. But it has so happened that 
things have appeared very differently to me at different times. 
And this occasioned my uncertainty. When I wrote last to you^ 
which was on the 19th instant, I thought matters might be so 
ordered as to make it advisable for me to remove. But having 
considered belter of it since, I am now fully convinced it will be 

1 62 Notes J r am the College Records. 

by no means proper for me to do it, unless it were for some 
greater advantages than what I can depend upon at Stamford. 
I am not insensible what great civilities I have received from 
yourself and my other friends, during the whole vacancy. But 
as it does not appear to me now that it would be for my 
advantage to accept, I hope I shall be excused from doing it. 
I humbly beg pardon for all the delays I have occasioned, for 
my irresolution and wavering about it. I have been to blame in 
these respects since 1 do not accept at last. But this was in a 
great measure owing to the different accounts I had of things, 
and it has given me a great uneasiness. However I hope 
I shall receive this benefit from it for the future, that it will make 
me careful always to resolve in time, and never to remain again 
so long in suspense. I am Sir, with all due regard and esteem 
for you 

April 21, 1 73 1 your most obliged and 

most obedient servant 


I should take it as a great favour if you would please to 
favour me with a line, that you excuse the trouble I have given 
you. Writ in great haste upon a journey into Rutland. 

Addressed: To the Revd Doctor Lambert Master of St John's 
College in Cambridge, at his Lodge in the College. ByCdxton 

Reverend Doctor I 

Since I wrote my last letter to you, which was on the road 
to Rutland, I have seen some of my friends at Stamford, who 
were slill desirous of my coming amongst them. Upon which 
I was prevailed upon to go to the Mayor and to ask him if he 
would please to call a meeting of his brethren, in order to the 
settling the dispute about the Fines, which might determine mp 
to accept the School with your approbation. He seemed much 
displeased at the proposal and refused to do it. So I left him 
after a very short stay. However since my return home, and 
my being something better acquainted with the state of things 
than I was before, I have thought of conferring with a gentleman 
here, who is my great friend and patron, and within a post or 
two shall beg leave to trouble you with another letter. I am in 

Notes from the College Records. 163 

very great haste, having just returned to Lincoln and the post 
ready to go out. I am good Sir 

April 24, 1 73 1 your most obliged 

and most obedient 


Addressed: To the Revd Doctor Lambert, Master of St 
John's College in Cambridge, at his Lodge in the College. 
By Caxton. 

Dear Doctor 

Upon my return to Lincoln, I took an opportunity of waiting 
upon my good friend here, and having some discourse with him 
concerning the matter at Stamford. But he being still ill, I 
could not trouble him much. He did not seem to encourage 
my removal. However I have still a belief, that were the Mayor 
and the Corporation of Stamford disposed to make things 
agreable by giving up the Fines without any further dispute, I 
might, upon a representation of the case to him, prevail upon 
him to consent. And I would use my endeavours. I know not 
how, I have still a great inclination to Stamford, and the 
neighbourhood of my old friends and acquaintance. The 
civilities and honour I have received from Lord Exeter, have 
made a very deep impression upon my mind, and I cannot but 
wish things might be so ordered that I might be placed near his 
Lordship and enjoy the honour his Lordship designed me of 
having Lord Burghley under my care. You will wonder at my 
troubling you with these two last letters, after having determined 
against accepting, when I was with you. But I have a notion 
the Master of St. John's will not be very willing to confirm the 
Mayor's nomination till after the dispute about the Fines is 
ended. For certainly it must be the best way in order to 
preserve a good understanding between the Corporation and the 
Master of the School, to have this matter first settled. I have 
no design to put off the disposing of the School any longer ; it 
has been too long delayed already. But it is my opinion, unless 
the Mayor be brought into better temper so as to have a 
meeting of his brethren in order to settle what may otherwise 
afterwards occasion disputes, difficulties will remain, which 
perhaps may obstruct their having a Master longer. And if a 
disposition should arise in the Mayor and Corporation to settle 
things in such manner as I desired, you may please to give me 

1 64 Noles from the College Records. 

immediate notice of it. I believe things would then be cdn* 
eluded both to their and my satisfaction. I am, with all due 
respect to my friends, Dear Sir 

April 24, 1731 your most obliged and 

faithful humble servant 


The reason of my not inclosing my two last letters in a case 
For Lord Exeter was a fear of being troublesome. 

Addressed: To the Revd Doctor Peake. Chaplain to the 
Right Honourable The Earl of Exeter, at Burghley, present. 

Stamford Burg. \ To the Reverend Robert Lambert 

In Com. Lincoln. ) Doctor in Divinity and Master of 

St John the Evangelist in Cambridge. 
Whereas the Revd William Hannes, Master of Arts and late 
Master of the Free Grammar School within the Burrough of 
Stamford aforesaid is lately dead. And whereas the Revd Mr 
Farringdon Rcid, Fellow of St John's the Evangelist in 
Cambridge hath made his application to me Edward Holcott, 
gentleman, Mayor of the Burrough aforesaid, and he the said 
Farringdon Reid being, as I am credibly informed, a learned 
fitt and able person to supply the vacancy of the said school. 
These are therefore to certify that I the said Edward Holcott, 
Mayor of the said Burrough, in pursuance of and according to 
the power and authority given to me in and by an Act of 
Parliament in that case made and provided, have nominated, 
deputed, assigned and appointed and by these Present do 
nominate, depute, assign and appoint the said Farringdon 
Reid to be School Master of the said School in the place and 
stead of the said William Hannes, if you shall adjudge and 
think him a fitt and qualified person for the same. And I do 
hereby recommend the said Farringdon Reid to your con- 
sideration for your advice and consent therein. Given under 
my hand and the Common Seal of this Burrough this twenty- 
third day of May in the fourth year of the Reign of our Sovreiga 
Lord King George the Second Annoque Domini 173 1. 
Sealed and delivered Edward Holcott, 

in the presence of us : Mayor, 

Charles Bletso. 

Robert Fank. 

Nofes from the College Records. 165 

St John's College, To the Worshipfull Edward 

Cambridge Holcott, Mayor of Stamford, 

May 25th 1 73 1 Lincolnshire. 

I do approve of Mr Farringdon Reid, Fellow of St John's 
College Cambridge as a person qualified to be Master of the 
School of Stamford, Lincolnshire, and do give my consent to his 
nomination to the said School according to an Act of Parliament 
requiring the advice and consent of the Master of St John's 
College Cambridge to such nomination. 

Witness my hand and seal 
Robert Lambert, Master of 
St J oh n's College, Cambridge* 

Farringdon Reid, who thus became Headmaster of 
Stamford School, was the son of the Rev Anthony 
Reid, Succentor and Priest Vicar of Lincoln CathedraL 
He entered St John's 3 July 1725, having been a pupil 
of Mr Gooddall at Lincoln, and was admitted a Fellow 
of the College 6 April 1731. In 1734 he took pro- 
ceedings in Chancery against the Corporation of 
Stamford with regard to their system of granting 
leases of the school property. He seems to have 
been successful as the Corporation had to pay costs 
to the extent of ;^632 lOJ. 

Some letters of an earlier date with regard to the 
appointment of a Schoolmaster follow. 

Lionel Lambe after ceasing to be Master was 
instituted Vicar of St Martins, Stamford Baron 
29 June 1637. 

Right Worshipfull 

After my harty commendations theis are to let yow vnderstanc'e 
that where as by Act of Parliament, made in the^tyme of Kyng 
Edward the sixt for the confirmacion of a ffree schoole in 
Staunford there was power given to the Alderman of Staunrord 
for the tyme being to nominate, and to the Master of St John*s 
Colledge to examyne and approue of a fitt man to teach the 
schollers of the saide Schoole. Theis are therefore to let you 

1 66 NoUs from the College Records. 

know that I hane and doe hereby nominate and appoynt the 
bearer hereof Mr Lionell Lamhe, Master in Artes, to be the 
schoolemaster of the said schoole, whome if it shall please you 
to czamyne and approue of I shall presently therevppon admilt 
him into the saide schoole with all rights and dutyes therevnto 
belonging. And soe being desirous to heare your speedy 
Answere (the place being voide) I take my leaue and remayne 

Staunford, the xxizth your loveing freinde 

of July 1625 HSNKY Rast£LL. 


Addressed: To the Right worshipful Mr Doctor Gwyn, Master 
of St John's Colltfdge in Cambridge. 

On the letter Dr Gwynn has written : To these I returned 
my answer by a letter by the same bearer, Mr Lionell Lam be, 
not approving Mr Alderman's election of him vntill 1 know what 
further power I had then the examination of the chosen schole- 
master by Mr Alderman. 

Samuel Hill the writer of the next letter was Rector 
of Medbourne in Leicestershire from 161 1 to 1637. 
The Serjeant Bautrie he mentions was no doubt the 
Leonard Bawtry, or Bawtree, of Lincolnshire, late of 
the bar of Furnival's Inn, who was admitted to 
Lincoln's Inn 30 April 1575, on 24 June 1784 it was 
resolved that he should be "called to the Utter Bar 
and pronounced next moot/' He became a Bencher of 
Lincoln's Inn 8 June 1602, was elected Autumn Reader 
for 1603, but there being no reading that year on 
account of the plague, was appointed again for 1604. 
He was Treasurer of the Inn in 16 12 and went out as 
Serjeant-at-law in Michaelmas Term 16 14. 

Mr Dr Gwinne 

Some twooe ytares agoe I mctt with a knight in Lincolnshire, 
a gentleman very well sene in auncient records, who in dis- 
course toulde me that one of the Schoolmasters of Staiiforde, 
heretofore Mr Swanne (a man I well knowe) had bene with hin» 
to vndcrstande the ori^inall donation of the schoole, ihinkiug 

Notes from the College Records. 167 

he had some wronge therein. At his comminge, sayde he, I 
collide not resolve him. But certayne yeafes after by occasion 
of other search in the office of the Roles I found a fayre Acle of 
Parliament exemplifyinge the whole. Theacte I tooke out and 
observinge the essentiall wordes of the Grannie namely that the 
yearly profits of the sayd lands shall be payde vnto the school* 
master, I mett with a serieant of myne acquaintance, one 
serieant Bautrie, and desired his opinion concerninge the same« 
He toulde me the Schoolemaster was to carrie away the whole 
profits of the land not only att the time of the graunte, but here- 
after howsoever improovcd. Which not beinge performed by 
the Alderman and towne of Stanforde by many degrees, as I 
heare, not only (sayth he) the schoolmaster hath wronge but 
also the Master of such an house in Cambridge, who hath a 
stroke in the setlinge of him, as also perhaps some good 
student of the same house. 

Thus much in generall, this summer I related to Dr Aylott, 
beynge with me, I thanke him, att my house, promysinge that 
att my next iourney to the knight, beynge my wives brother in 
lawe, I woulde receyve more full intelligence concerninge all 
particulars. Which I have done and have taken a coppie of 
the Acte, verbatim here included, which I committ vnto your 
wisdome, both in respect to yourself and your worthy foundation 
as also for the true love I carrie to an Acte so pious and charitable 
tendinge to the advancement of learninge. So with my kindest 
love I reste 

Medboume, your very lovinge ffrend 

Leycestershire. to his power 

September 2 1 St, 1625. Samuell Hill. 

Addressed: To the worshipfull his very good fFrendc Mr Dc 

Gwinn, master of St Johns Colledg in Cambridge, these. 

William Du Gard, the Schoolmaster named in the 
next letter, entered Sidney Sussex in 1622 from 
Worcester School. He was appointed Master of 
Colchester Grammar School 27 July 1637, and became 
Head Master of Merchant Taylors' School, London 
10 May 1644. He was removed from that School 
12 June 1 66 1 and died in 1662. 

1 68 Notes from the College Records. 

The Mayor's letter to the Master contains a reference 
to the plague which had recently raged in Cambridge. 
Many of the Colleges had been closed, the Fairs put off 
and great distress was prevalent in the Town. A 
collection had been made throughout the southern 
Dioceses for the relief of the Town. 

The Mr Buddie who is mentioned as having been 
a competitor for the place, is no doubt the John Buddie, 
who compounded for first fruits as Rector of Wickersley 
in Leicestershire 3 August 1631* 

Right worshipfull 

Whereas the bearer hereof, William Dugard, Master in Arts 
hath beene heretofore nomynated and propounded to your 
Worshipp as a fitt man to supplie the place of a Schoolemaster 
in our Corporation, and your Worshipp deferred your 
approbation of him till hee could certifie yow that Mr Buddie 
(who was then a compeiitor for the place) had surceased. These 
are therefore to signifie unto your Worshipp that Mr Buddie 
hath not onely surceased, but (as we heare) is placed in a good 
benefice in Lincolnshire. I therefore againe propound vnto 
your Worshipp the said Mr Dugard (experience of whose 
painefull diligence haih fully confirmed the good opinion wee 
formerly conceived of him) and therefore desire your Worshipps 
approbation of him. Hee had longe since repaired to your 
Worshipp had not God's inevitable hand hindered safe passage 
vnto the university, but now (God be praised) wee conceive 
good hopes, that not onely God hath stayed his destroying hands, 
but also the poverty of those that suffred by reason of want hath 
not onely been relieved by the charitable devotions of neigh- 
bouring townes (among which our Towne of Stamford, 
accordinge to her ability hath shewed her good will and affection 
to the University) but now will bee helped by the repair of 
Schollers thither againe. Thus commending the bearer hereof 
unto you. and your Worshipp to the protection of the Almighty, 
1 rest 

Stamford your loving fifrend 

February 12, 1630 — i Ric. Wolph, 


Underneath Dr Gwinn has written : I have taken tyme vntiU 

Notes from the College Records. 169 

Easter next to answere this letter expecting in the meane tymo 
to htare from Mr Buddie. 

Addressed : To the Right Worshipfull his very loving ffrend 
Mr Doctor Guin, Master of St John's CoUedge in Cambridge, 
give these. 

Right Worshipfull 

I have received your letter, whereby you signifie your 
challenge in the right of the election and approbation of the 
Schoolemaster of the ffree Schoole at Stamford. Sir as I would 
not derogate from the priviledge which you may justly require, 
80 I hope the goodness of your disposition will not urge 
anything that may infringe or prejudice my liberty which in the 
election I conceive doth onely belong to mee. And if you please 
to take into consideration the woordes of the donor's will 
I thinke it will plainely appeare unto you that the Alderman is 
to nominate appoint and assigne the Schoolemaster, and you to 
judge and approve whether hee be a man filly qualified for the 
place or no ; for which purpose I do nominate and commend 
the bearer hereof William Dugard, Bachelor of Arts (whose 
ample testimonies are sufficient witnesses of his fitness for the 
place) whom I propound to you (as I have already to our 
Corporation whose suffrage esteeme him worthy to be 
commended to your approbation) as a fitt man ; and therefore 
(according to the donor's will) desire that you would be pleased 
to give your approbation of him, if you shall judge him sufficient. 
His painfull endeavours and experience hee hath gained besides 
his owne inclination and purpose to settle himself in this kind 
of life do promise that which I hope you will not doubt to 
approve of, viz, that he will make a profitable instrument of 
God's glorie for the bringing upp of youth in good literature and 
vertuous education. Thus leaving him and the consideration 
hereof to your good likeing and approbation, I committ you to 
the protection of the Almighty, and remaine 

your loving ffriend 


Addressed: To the right worshipfull and his much esteemed 
friend Mr Doctor Gwin Master of St John's Colledge in 
Cambridge give these I pray you 

170 Notes from the College Records. 

Right Worshipfull 

Whereas the bearer Mr William Dugard, Master in Arts being 
not long since nominated sCnd propounded to your worshipp as a 
fitt man to supplie the place of a Schoole Master in our 
Corporation, and desiring of us letters testimonial! vnto yow on 
his behalfe wee could not deny so reasonable a request. These 
are therefore to signifie unto your worshipp our good opinion 
which we have conceived of him, confirmed unto us as well by 
the Testimony of the ministers and neighbours where he hath 
approved his paines before he came unto us, as also by 
experience of his painefull diligence amongst us, which hath not 
onely confirmed the foresaid testimonies but given us good 
hopes for the future that his painefull endeavours will not only 
prove profitable to our Towne for the instruction of youth in 
good literature, but also helpe to supplie the University with 
such who with their learning and religious carriage may prove 
fruitful! instruments of God*s glory either in the church or 
common wealth. And thus having testified our good opinion of 
him wee doubt not but you will please to confirme the same by 
your approbation. In the mean time we rest 
Stamford, April your loving ifriends 

1 6*. 1 63 1. RiC. WOLPH, 

(and 13 others) 

Addressed: To the Right Worshipfull Mr Dr Gwin, Master of 
St John's CoUedge in Cambridge give these. 

The letters which follow have an interest of their own 
as belonging to the time of the Commonwealth and also 
as being addressed to the Master's wife. 

Rayner Herman who was appointed schoolmaster 
was of Pembroke College. He was buried at Tinwell in 
Rutland 18 October 1668, where there is a monument in 
the chancel with this inscription : 

Rainerus jacet hie Hermanus origine Tanger, 
Qui novit multa et roulcis impertiit, in quo 
Doctae cum cultis habitarunt moribus artes, 
Christ! sancta fides, zelus pietatis avitae. 

Notes from the College Records. 1 7 1 

Honoured Friend 

Wee vndci standing that the Doctor is not at home are bold 
to trouble you with our request to you to let him vnderstand that 
our Free Schoole here is voyd by the death of Mr Humfreys, 
and that none CHn be admitted to it but with his consent. As 
allso that our Alderman, by the instigation of some in the towne 
\vho are euer opposing us in any good worke, hath (as wee 
vnderstand) presented to him one Mr Hix, a very high Arminian, 
and no less opposite to all reformation, who was not long since 
Schoolemaster of Oundle, and for his vnworthy carriage 
complained of by Mr Resbury and would certainly have beene 
turned out there (yea something was done by the Lord Protector 
in order to his eiection) but that fearing a tryall he removed 
himselfe. Wherefore wee heartily desier you to signify this to 
the Doctor as soone as possibly may be. Wee heare this 
Mr Hix is forthwith takeing horses to meet with the Doctor for 
his approbation he hath got some hands in the towne but if k 
is considered whose he hath, and whose he wants, those hands 
will little availe him. Wee leave it to your care and wisdom to 
vse the most effectual meanes that may bring this to the 
Doctor's hands before Mr Hix meete with him, and what euer 
charge you shall be att in the vse of such meanes we shall 
thankfully repay it. Both the first and second company of this 
Corporation are generally against his comeing, and so are other 
good men in the towne, and Ministers in the Countrey as well 
as ourselues, who are unwilling to have our children corrupted 
with euill principles. Wee doubt not but the Doctor will 
suspend his consent and wee shall give him further account of 
this prrson, and the reasons of his remoueall from Oundle if 
needes be, and desier the Doctor to thinke of a fit man. 
Besides a dwelling house the stipend is alone 5o//'per annum» 
and yet wee do not fix on any. We beseech you faile us not in 
this business of greate concernment, our, and our wiues hearty 
respects, and service to the Doctor and Sir Tuckney. Wee rest 
Stamford your assured freinds to serve you 

Sept: 28. £dw. Browne. 

1657. John Richardson. 

Addressed: To our Honoured freind Mrs Tuckney at 
St John's College, Cambridge. 

172 Notes from the College Records. 

Honoured Friend 

Since I and Mr Richardson writ to you wee are in hope that 
Mr Hix, whome wee mentioned in our letter, will not be 
presented to the Doctor. Yet siill thinke the Alderman may 
present one as vnfit, therefore we desier the Doctor's care for ua 
not onely in not approoveing any till he shall please to give us 
leave to make our objections, but allso in commending one to us 
if he can thinke of a fit man. If this business can be deferred 
2 or 3 weekes this present Alderman will be out of his office* 
and we hope for a better who will joyne with us in prouidinge a 
fit man. Having this opportunity I thought good to 
communicate my thoughts thus to you, crauing your pardon for 
my trouble of you, in great haste I rest 

Stamford your assured friend to serue you 

Sept. 29, 1657. ^^- Browne. 

Addressed : For my Honoured Friend Mrs Tuckney at 
St John's College Cambridge. 

Honoured Sir 

Our Alderman hath nominated Mr Herman for our Schoole- 
tnaster. We are pleased with that conuerse wee have had with 
him here these 3 days. But wee rest on Dr Dillingham's 
testimony of him, and your further advise and approbation, for 
which the Alderman according to the Act (of which you have a 
copy 80 farre as it concerns you) hath presented him to you. 
Wee hope you will finde cause to approve of him. Desiring you 
to excuse our boldness in so often troubling you (with thanks for 
your kind respect to us here and for all other favours) presenting 
our service to yourself and Mrs Tuckney, Wee rest 

Stamford your obliged friends to serue you 

Oct. 25, 1657 £dw. Brownb. 

John Richardson. 

Addressed: For the Reuerende our most honoured fiiende 
Dr Tuckney, Master of St John's CoUedge in Cambridge, 
Theyse present. 

Right Worshipfull 

After my best respects presented. Whereai the fTree Schoole 
of Stamford in the county of Lincoln by the decease of Simon 

Nofes from the College Records. 1 73 

Hunifrey, Master of Arts, is now void, and by an Act of 
Parliament power is put to the Alderman of Stamford for the lyme 
bein; to present one able man to your worships approbacion to 
supply that place; By virtue of which said Act I ffrancis Dalby 
Alderman of the Towne and Borough of Stamford most humbly 
commend Rcyner Harman, Master of Arts, to your Woorshipe 
for your approbacion and consent and most humbly take my 
leave and remaine Sir 

Stamford your most humble servant 

October 23, 1657. Francis Dalby, 


Addressed: ffor the Right worshipfull Doctor Tuckney 
Master of St John's Colledge in Cambridge, present these with 
my humble service. 

Dr Tuckney has copied his reply to this letter on the letter 
itself. It is as follows : 

Honoured Sir 

Vpon receipt of your letter by Mr Rayner Herman whom you 
are pleased to nominate to me for your Schoolmaster in 
Stamford, the place being now void by the death of Mr Simon 
Humfrey, late deceased, according to the Act of Parliament in 
that case provided, I had conference with the said Mr Harman 
and by it am satisfied as concerning his fiitnes for the place and 
employment and go upon your nomination of him, and further 
testimonialls concerning him. I doe hereby approve of the said 
Mr Rayner Harman to be the master of your free School in 
Slamford desiring God so to bless his lerning and paynes with 
you, as that he may be a blessing to you, which with the tender 
of my service to yourself and the rest of the gentlemen of your 
corporation I desire may be accepted from, Sir 

Cambridge your worships obliged friend 

October 27, 1657 and servant 

Anthony Tuckney. 

These present — To the right worshipfull Francis Dalby 
esquire. Alderman of Stamford in Lincolnshire, with my service. 

R. F. S. 
{To he continued^ 



Dass unerreichbar hoch das Vorbild alles Guten, 
Und schOnen ob dir steht, das soUte dich entmuten ? 

Ermuten soUt' es dich, ihm ewig nach zu streben ; 
Es steht zu hoch, um dich stets h6her zu erheben. 

Fr. Ruckert, 


That high beyond thy reach the Mirror of all Good 
And Fair is set, should that dishearten thy faint mood i 

Nay, hearten should it thee, thereafter still to soar; 
It therefore stands too high, to uplift thee evermore. 

J. E. B. M, 


(From thf ** Deutscher Merkur;' 1887, /. 3745.) 

Im Gliick nicht stolz sein, und im Leid nicht zagen. 
Das Unvermeidliche mit Wiirde tragen. 
Das Rechte thun, am SchOnen sich erfreuen. 
Das Leben lieben, und den Tod nicht scheuen, 
Und fest am Gott und bessere Zukunft glauben, 
Heisst leben, heisst dem Tod sein Bitteres rauben. 

Lowly in weal, in woe not to despair. 

Calmly the unavoidable to bear, 

The right to do, to cull each passing bloom. 

This life to love, nor start from death with gloom. 

And fast to God and hope eternal cling, 

This, this is liff*, this is from Death to pluck his sting. 

J. E. B. M. 


(Continued from page 38). 

|FTER spending a most delightful day in 
Dominica, we got oflF about 8 p.m. This 
was New Year's Eve, and the first I had 
ever spent at sea, but we managed to get 
through it pretty well and saw the last of 1903 in the 
time honoured style. New Year's day found us at 
Montserrat, and following our usual course we landed 
after breakfast. 

Montserrat is a much smaller island than the others 
which we had previously visited, and as it is oflF the 
cable which passes through most of the others, it is 
much more cut off from the world, its only regular 
link being the fortnightly Mail Steamer. It is an old 
English Colony, dating back to the 17 th century, 
and its earliest colonists were Irish, a fact which 
is commemorated by the Irish Harp, which figures 
on its postage stamps. 

From the sea it is extremely pretty, hilly, like the 
others, but on a far smaller scale. One cannot see 
much of Plymouth, the tiny capital — only a red roof 
or two among the palm trees, which come down to the 
water's edge, and^a^few wharves sticking out into the 

The history of the island is a remarkably unlucky 
one. Although a very healthy island, it has been 
visited by nearly every other scourge to which the 

iT6 Under the Cabbage Palm. 

West Indies are liable. Earthquakes and floods have 
done their work, to say nothing of hurricanes, which 
seem to find Montserrat a particularly happy hunting 
ground, for they usually manage to stop longer and do 
more damage there than elsewhere. 

The staple industry of the island is of course limes — 
who has not heard of the famous Lime Juice Cordial ?— 
but in 1898 the last big hurricane visitation ruined the 
lime plantations, and only recently have they begun to 
lift up their heads again. 

As our ship had a large cargo of limes to take on 
board at a bay on the N.W. of the island, we only 
stayed a short time oflF Plymouth, and then made our 
way^to the aforesaid bay and anchored there. We 
landed in a curious boat very broad in the beam, which 
was bringing the limes (or rather the lime juice) on board 
in large puncheons, and whose crew we induced to take 
us on their return journey. When we landed we found 
ourselves on a beach of volcanic sand of a very dark 
colour, almost black, and with a bright metallic glitter 
where the sun shone upon it. Close beside us was the 
storing shed full of the lime juice, and we struck off 
along a path righi through the estate upon our two 
mile walk to Plymouth. It was one of the finest walks 
that I think I ever had. The morning was bright, but 
a fresh breeze from the sea kept us cool, and the air was 
scented with the perfume of the limes which were 
growing all round us. Most of the trees were really 
only as large as shrubs, being of recent growth— since 
the hurricanes— but all of them seemed to be bearing 
in abundance. 

We reached Plymouth in due time, and found a solid- 
looking English Church on the outskirts of the town, 
very plain but substantial looking. It had fared better 
in the hurricane apparently than a church of some other 
body a little further along, which was standing a 
roofless, windowless shell waiting for funds to rebuild 

Under the Cabbage Palm. 177 

Just before getting into the town we found a hot 
spring running down to the sea. We traced its course 
a little way, but soon gave it up (there was a most 
business-like looking bull tethered by it, which 
materially aided our decision). Where we left it 
one could just bear one's hand in it with comfort. 

We had been recommended to call on the priest of 
the place by friends in Dominica, and he proved so 
charming a host that we preferred his society to the 
charms of Plymouth and spent the rest of the day with 
him. It was a wise move, for I doubt if there was 
much to be seen in the town. I bought a photograph 
of the Coronation Review of the police force. They 
were drawn up round a flagstaff on the principal jetty. 
I think there were twelve altogether. 

In the evening we walked back to our ship by 
another road, and had a very jolly bathe before we 
went on board. There was deep water right up to the 
shore, so we were able to get a good swim. 

Just opposite our anchorage was a rock called 
Redonda, which was once the scene of a nitrate 
industry, which is now declining. 

We departed about 9, and had a lovely moonlight 
run down to Antigua, our next port. Early the next 
morning we were off the mouth of the harbour of 
St John's, the capital of the island. The harbour would 
be a magnificent one, as it is landlocked and could be 
very easily fortified. The great drawback is its shallow- 
ness, and it has only been found possible to cut a 
narrow channel for the smallest boats, while the 
expense of dredging the whole would be too great. 
Steamers have to lie about four miles out, and 
passengers have to be landed in a small launch. 

The island was quite unlike any we had hitherto 
seen on our cruise. Like Barbados it is a coral island, 
and rises in no part to any height. Its staple was 
sugar, and the island has had a very bad time, but it 
has lately taken to the cultivation of cotton, and things 

178 Under the Cabbage Paint. 

are looking better. It is also famous for its pine- 
apples — in fact it is called '* The Land of Pine " — which 
are small, but deliciously sweet and juicy. 

The island is the seat of Government of the group 
known as the Leeward Islands, and is the residence of 
the Governor. 

Upon landing we were met by friends who took us to 
the very comfortable club, and after a cocktail to nerve 
us for the efiFort of exploring we started off. The first 
place we made for was the Cathedral, which had been 
the most conspicuous object from the harbour as we 
came in. It stands well at the top of the town, which 
is built on a slight slope, and possesses two low, rounded 
towers, which its detractors say look like pepper pots, 
but which I thought personally were well in keeping 
with the whole building. Surrounding the Cathedral 
is an ancient looking church-yard, very old fashioned 
in appearance, and which looked as if it had come 
straight from some old country town at home. It has 
a very fine tree in the middle of it, and possesses a 
good selection of those particularly solid and particularly 
hideous tombstones, under which our eighteenth century 
forefathers loved to batten down their departed relatives. 
The Cathedral itself is double, being an entire wooden 
building with a stone one outside of it, the idea being 
to give additional solidity in case of hurricanes. It is 
rather dark inside, but has some good windows, and is 
altogether a very fine Church. 

After leaving the Cathedral we went up to a factory, 
which had been recently opened for the ginning of the 
cotton, and spent some time watching the process, which 
consists in passing the raw cotton through some re- 
volving rollers and thus separating the cotton from the 
seeds which are imbedded in it. 

We then went off to the Botanical Station, and 
found it interesting, though not as beautiful as that at 
Dominica. The Station has been made on some open 
jground near the town, which was formerly a general 

To My Brains. 179 

rubbish lieap^ and thus proved a useful acquisition in 
more ways than one. After leaving the Botanical 
Station we found our launch was about to start, so 
we hurried down to the wharf, only stopping to buy the 
inevitable picture post-cards. 

H. L. Garrett. 

{To hi continued). 


I HAVE a garden where I sow my seeds, 

And much I wonder what will grow therefrom^ 

Watching them carefully I tend their needs, 
And long impatiently for spring to come. 

Now gladsome days are come with sunshine bright 
And leaves and flowerets budding forth anew, 

For spring hath vanquished winter's death-like night. 
But in my garden.. ..ah, the flowers are few ! 

Yet still I toil, year in year out the same, 
Looking for roses where they blossom not ; 

Oh, nothing grows there, nothing worth a name ; 
Weeds spring, then wither to be soon forgot. 

Such is the garden where I sow my seeds, 
For, though I labour long, it yields but weeds. 

W. K. H. 


|NLY a high green mound beside the Tweed, 
with a narrow brown pathway straggling up 
to the summit, and here and there a grey 
stone jutting through the turf— the last 
wreckage of a castle which for centuries was the very 
focus of Border war. In comparison with Windsor or 
Kenilworth, or even with such Northumbrian strong- 
holds as Alnwick and Bamburgh, Wark Castle must 
even in its best days have been a small and somewhat 
unpretentious structure ; but if we take into account the 
*• battles, sieges, fortunes " that it has passed, we shall 
find few castles in Christendom to match it. 

Romance and history are in close alliance here. Up 
this valley the monks of Lindisfarne bore the body of 
St. Cuthbert in the first of their seven weary years of 
exile; not many miles away to the south east is 
Homildon Hill where Hotspur triumphed ; yonder on 
the eastward heights the glory and despair of Flodden 
Field were acted out ; and if we ask for romance of a less 
lurid character, from Wark the river shall guide us 
round that great bend to Coldstream Bridge and the 
little cottage where (though Gretna Green has engrossed 
the reputation) so many runaway couples have been 
united — the great Lord Eldon and his bride amongst 

But Wark does not need to borrow from its surround- 
ings ; it has a history of its own scarcely less thrilling 
than the tale of Flodden, and though love-romance be 
almost a negligeable quantity in its annals, we shall get 
some compensation in a double portion of war. How 

A Mound and Us Memories. i8i 

and when that history began we cannot tell. The name 
suggests an English stronghold of pre-conquest days, 
but the term "wark" may have been given to the 
curious detrital ridge on which the castle stood, in the 
belief that it was the work of human hands ; the mound 
itself is evidence of one of those earth-built and stockaded 
fortresses with which the victorious Normans con- 
solidated their dominion; but the medieval castle 
dated from the early years of the twelfth century, and 
was built by Walter de Espec, to whom the manor of 
Carham was granted by Henry I. It consisted of a 
strong tower or donjon, standing on the great mound, 
an inner ward surrounded by wall and towers, and a 
large outer ward, into which the inhabitants of the 
neighbourhood retreated with their property in case of 

It was during the reign of King Stephen that Wark 
Castle was raised to fame by the first of its many sieges. 
David of Scotland supported the claims of Stephen's 
rival, the Empress Matilda, and in the year 1138 he 
began that campaign which inflicted so much suffering 
on Northumberland, and ended so ingloriously at the 
Battle of the Standard. Early in January William 
Fitz-Duncan, David's nephew, entered England with 
part of the Scottish army, and attempted to carry Wark 
by surprise in the dark hours of the early morning : the 
attempt failed, but not long afterwards came David 
himself, with his son Henry and the rest of his forces, 
and the castle was strenuously besieged. All the 
resources of medieval warfare were brought into action : 
balistas and other such unwieldy forms of artillery 
hurled their missiles against wall and gate, but without 
efiFect. The defenders were staunch, daring, and ably 
led by Jurdan de Bussei, Walter de Espec's nephew ; 
the Scots lost a large number of men, the royal 
standard-bearer was slain before his master's eyes, and 
at the end of three weeks David raised the siege. He 
was in an exceedingly bad temper itndignah'one et ira 

i92 A Mound and its Memories^ 

inflammatus) and he marched away to ease his feeling* 
by ravaging Northumberland. 

About the beginning of February Stephen came 
north with a large army; David retreated, and an 
English invasion of Scotland followed, but Stephen 
soon returned to the south, and after Easter the Scot* 
€occ more harried Northumberland and Durham. A 
rumour of Stephen's approach caused them to retreat ; but 
as they passed homewards they laid siege to Norham» 
the great castle which Ralph Flambard, Bishop erf* 
Durham, had lately built on the southern side of Tweed, 
about seven miles to the north east of Wark: the 
garrison of Norham made a somewhat discreditable 
surrender, in spite of the good example set them by 
Jurdan de Bussei and the heroes of Wark, who fell upon 
David's transport and carried off a whole provision- 
train, carts, cartmen and all. David was more infuriated 
than ever (nimia inflammatus ira\ and as soon as 
Norham had fallen he laid siege to Wark with his 
entire army : once more the great machines bombarded 
the castle, and no effort was spared to bring about its 
reduction, but de Bussei and his gallant men withstood 
every form of attack, and the Scots suffered severely for 
their pains. " Benedictus Deus per omnia," says Prior 
Richard of Hexham, "Qui protegit pios et tradidit 
impios \ " 

But the siege was not ended. David was reinforced 
and passed southwards to meet with disaster at the 
Battle of the Standard, which was fought near 
Northallerton on August 22nd, but he left two of his 
barons and a portion of his army before Wark. The 
siege was continued throughout the summer, and even 
after the battle David, rallying his broken army, 
pressed it more vigorously than ever. liowever, the 
new vigour of the attack bred new vigour in the 
defenders : David's great machines were kept in check 
by similar weapons which the garrison constructed^ and 
frequent sallies inflicted heavy loss on the Scots, while 

A Mound and tis Memories. 183 

on the English side the only casualty was the loss of one 
rash member of a party which sallied out to destroy the 
besiegers' machines. This man, it is recorded, went 
about his business in so leisurely a fashion that he was 
cut off by the enemy's reinforcements. 

Meanwhile negotiations had been opened, and before 
long a truce was made, by which David bound himself 
to commit no act of war on English ground before 
Martinmas (Nov. nth), but the siege of Wark was 
excepted from this provision, and the siege continued, 
though heavy losses and incessant suffering had 
weakened the spirit of the Scottish army, and it was 
only David's iron resolution that kept them at their 
posts. Presently it was reported that the garrison was 
in sore straits for food, and the report was only too tme. 
Ordinary provisions had failed; for lack of fodder they 
had killed and salted down their horses, and now even 
the stock of horse-flesh was running low. But there 
was no talk of surrender : de Bussei and his men had 
determined to cut their way through the besieging army 
or die in the attempt. However, they were not put to 
that trial : about Martinmas came William, Abbot of 
Rievaulx, with stringent orders from Walter de Espec 
that the castle was to be surrendered, and the half- 
starved heroes had no alternative but to obey ; they had 
done their duty and held out to the last — only two 
horses remained, one alive and the other in pickle — and 
they marched away in arms with all the honours of war. 
Indeed, some of them 'retired on horse-back ; for the 
Abbot persuaded David to be generous, and he 
presented them with twenty-four horses. 

David ordered that the castle should be demolished, 
and for twenty years we hear no more of it ; but it was 
rebuilt in 1158 by Henry II of England, and for some 
time it appears to have remained in the possession of 
the Crown. The next great siege of Wark took place in 
1 173, during that extraordinary period of English 
history when Henry II was struggling for his dominions 

184 A Mound and Us Memories. 

with his own sons. The eldest of these — another Henry, 
who was twice crowned during the lifetime and by the 
direction of the father whom he did not survive — ^had 
intrigued with France and Scotland, and the result was 
an invasion of England by William the Lion, the son and 
second successor of Wark's old enemy. 

Fortunately we have a description of the campaign in 
the old French poem of Jordan Fantosme. William 
invaded England at the head of a large army, a con- 
siderable proportion being Flemish mercenaries, and at 
once laid siege to Wark Castle, which was commanded 
by Roger d'Estutevile, a valiant soldier, 

''Ki unkes n'ama traison ne servir al diable." 

The Scottish king demanded the surrender of the 
castle, which appears to have been weakly garrisoned, 
but Roger temporised ; after a personal interview with 
William he obtained a truce, and bound himself to 
surrender if he could not obtain assistance in forty days. 

William passed southwards to ravage Northumber* 
land, and Roger made his way to King Henry, who was 
then in Normandy : fortunately Henry was able to spare 
him the necessary reinforcements, and Roger returned 
to Wark prepared to defy the Scottish invader and all 
his Flemings. Shortly after Easter of the following 
year William returned to renew the siege of Wark: 
once more the great machines threatened the castle, ani 
the Scottish army was strong in slingers and crossbow- 
men. However, Roger was not afraid ; he had twenty 
knights to support him, with a proper proportion of 
men-at-arms, and "he does not fear their siege the 
value of a clove of garlic." 

The balistas seem to have been late in arriving, and 
William did not wait for them but ordered his Flemings 
to make an assault^ which Jordan Fantosme describes in 
spirited language. 

*• There might you see shields and convex bucklers. 
The portcuHis assaulted as you soon may hear. 

A Mound and Us Memories. 185 

By wonderful daring they came to the ditches ; 

Those who were inside did not forget themselves ; 

They soon struck each other and were so mingled together 

That I never saw a better defence in these two kingdoms. 

The Flemings were daring and very courageous, 

And the other much enraged in their fortress. 

Soon might you see Serjeants and Flemings so mingled, 

Shields and bucklers broken, pennons displayed, 

Flemings turning back from the portcullisses wounded ; 

Some were carried from the portcullis by others ; 

Never will they cry Arras I Dead are they and buried/' 

The assault was repulsed, but like a wise commandeif 
Roger d'Estutevile warned his men to husband their 
resources. *'Ne traiez voz saiettes fors sul as granz 
mestiers — draw not your arrows except for great 
occasions" — is sound advice under all circumstances; 
and there was to be no wasting of provisions. Mean-* 
while the artillery had arrived, and William the Lion, 
enraged by the failure of his Flemings, ordered it into 
action : the stone missiles of the " periere " were to 
break down the gate, " if the engineer lied not," but the 
engineer seems to have been a little too confident; 
something went wrong with the very first discharge, and 
the stone knocked over a Scottish knight, who owed his 
life to the stoutness of his shield and armour. 

William's temper was not improved by the accident. 
**Rage possesses my heart and wrath so hideous," 
Fantosme makes him say ; *' I had rather be taken all 
alive (tut vif) before Toulouse." However, he ordered 
up another * periere ' and continued the attack, but with 
no better success, and before long he resolved to raise 
the siege ; the tents were struck, the huts set on fire, 
and the Scottish army marched oflF towards Roxburgh. 
The English were triumphant, but Roger d'Estutevile 
would not allow them to jeer. "Ne dites vilanie," was 
his order, but he authorised any form of noise which was 
not derisive. 

i86 A Mound and tis Memories. 

*• To play and to amuse yourselves I forbid not ; 
And when you see the king and his host depart, 
Then shout your joy, each for himself; 
I shall do the same, so that it shall be heard." 

Accordingly the * vilanie ' was left unspoken, and the 
garrison ' mafficked * with songs and ' rotruenges,' horns 
and trumpets. A proud man was Roger d'Estutevile 
that day : he had held the castle against a host without 
the loss of a single man ; neither knight nor man-at- 
arms was wounded, " for whom he should have to give 
a coined denier to a physician of Salerno pur estre 

Wark's next assailant was not a Scottish but an 
English king. In iai6 John came to Northumberland 
to suppress a formidable rebellion, and amongst others 
he burnt the town and castle of Wark. The castle seems 
to have been rebuilt by Robert de Ros, a descendant 
of Walter de Espec, who gave it to his younger son and 
namesake, and in 1255 the latter surrendered it to 
Henry III. In that year Henry came to the Border to 
superintend a settlement of the affairs of Scotland, 
whose king, the youthful Alexander III, had four years 
earlier at the age of ten married Henry's equally 
youthful daughter Margaret. The ICing and Queen of 
England resided for sixteen days at Wark, and were 
visited there by their daughter and son-in-law. Henry 
restored the castle to Robert de Ros, and with that 
family it remained during the long peace that followed. 
It was another Robert de Ros, lord of Wark in 1 296, 
who supplied the first spark to the great conflagration 
that arose from the failure of Alexander's issue and 
Edward the First's assertion of his claim to feudal 
supremacy over Scotland, 

War was inevitable, and Robert de Ros was violently 
in love with a Scottish lady ; he could not bring himself 
to abandon his hopes, and rather than lose the lady he 
abandoned his castle and went over to the Scots, after 

A Mound and its Memories. 1 87 

trying to persuade his brother William to desert with 
him. William, however, had no lady-love to bewitch 
him from his duty ; he put the castle in a state of defence, 
and sent a prompt message to King Edward, who was 
assembling his army at Newcastle, warning him of the 
danger of attack and requesting reinforcement. Edward 
at once sent a thousand men, but these were surprised 
by the traitor Robert and a party of Scots, as they 
camped for the night in the village of Pressen, about 
two miles south of Wark; the Scots fired the village, 
and in the confusion that followed the English force was 
practically destroyed. It was the first act of war for 
which Edward had been waiting, and he marched with 
his whole army to Wark as soon as he heard the news : 
Easter was at hand, and Edward remained at Wark till 
the festival was over ; on the following Wednesday he 
crossed the Tweed and began his first campaign in 

Robert Bruce captured Wark Castle in 13 18, and 
probably dismantled it. At any rate we hear no more 
of it till 1342, by which time it had become the property 
of the Earl of Salisbury. During the summer of that 
year David Bruce ravaged Northumberland and Durham, 
and his army passed within sight of Wark Castle as it 
returned to Scotland laden with plunder. Sir William 
Montagu, the Earl's brother, was governor of the fortress, 
and the siglit was too much for the patience of him and 
his men : with a party of forty horsemen he sallied out 
and attacked the rear ol the Scottish army, killed two 
. hundred, and captured a hundred and sixty horses laden 
with plunder, which he carried back into the castle. 
David at once turned and attempted to carry the place 
by assault ; but the garrison, animated by the presence 
of the Countess of Salisbury, made a vigorous and 
successful resistance, and the Scottish king formed a 
regular siege, which he pressed with such determination 
that the castle was in serious danger of falling before 
.relief arrived. It was Sir William Montagu himself 

1 88 A Mound and tls Memories. 

who undertook the dangerous duty of slipping through 
the enemy's lines to report the urgency of their need : 
Edward III was advancing towards the Border, and on 
receiving Montagu's intelligence he hurried by forced 
marches to Wark ; but the Scots had already raised the 
siege, though their army crossed the river only six 
hours before the English van appeared. The Countess 
of Salisbury, according to Froissart, met King Edward 
at the gate, made her reverence before him to the ground, 
thanked him for coming to her assistance, and conducted 
him into the castle, where he rewarded her hospitality 
by falling in love with her, and was properly rebuked 
by the virtuous lady. It was this story, no doubt, which 
gave rise to a Northumbrian tradition that the well- 
known incident of the Countess of Salisbury's garter 
took place at Wark. 

Wark Castle was taken by storm and dismantled in 
1385, and seems to have lain in ruins for some years. 
Henry IV ordered its restoration, but in 1419 William 
Haliburton, of Fast Castle, captured the place and put 
the garrison to the sword. Later in the same year, 
however, it was retaken by an English force under 
Sir Robert Ogle : a small party crept up a sewer from 
the Tweed to the castle kitchen, and admitted their 
comrades by breaking down a decayed piece of wall ; 
the Scottish garrison was taken by surprise and every 
man slaughtered. In 1 460 the castle was again destroyed 
by the Scots, possibly with the aid of cannon ; large 
ordnance was used during the same summer at the siege 
of Roxburgh Castle, where the Scottish king, James II, 
was killed by the bursting of a great bombard named 
the Lion. 

Once more the castle was repaired, though perhaps 
not very effectually, as James IV captured it without 
difficulty in the early days of the Flodden campaign in 
1513. After the battle of Flodden, Surrey ordered a 
thorough restoration of the fortress, and the work was 
well tested ten years later by the last and not the least 

A Mound and ils Memories. 189 

glorious of the sieges of Wark. In Octofcer, 1523, the 
Duke of Albany came with a large army to Coldstream, 
and sent a force of four thousand Scots and Frenchmen 
with some siege guns across the Tweed to attack Wark { 
Andrew Ker of Fernihurst commanded the besiegers, 
and he seems to have had the support of artillery planted 
on the Scottish side of the river. The outer ward was 
carried at the first assault, but the garrison, under Sir 
William Lisle, set fire to a quantity of corn and straw 
that was laid up there, and the assailants were forced 
tx> retire. However, they soon recovered their advantage, 
and presently brought their cannon to bear on the wall 
of the inner ward : a breach was made, by which a 
desperate assault was'delivered, but Sir William Lisle's 
men made an obstinate resistance, and the enemy 
suffered severely from the hail of shot which was poured 
on them from the top of the donjon ; after a sangfuinary 
engagement they were beaten off", and left three hundred 
dead before the breach. The assault was to have been 
renewed on the following day, but a violent storm of 
rain occurred during the night ; Tweed began to rise, 
and the besiegers were in danger of being cut off" from 
their base and overwhelmed by the English army, which 
was known to be advancing from the south under the 
Earl of Surrey — the same gallant nobleman, " soldier 
and sailor too," who as Lord Thomas Howard had led 
the van of his father's army at Flodden. The siege was 
immediately abandoned, and according to one account 
the Scots had scarcely got their cannon across the 
Tweed when Surrey arrived with five thousand horse. 
So ended the last siege of Wark, but the castle was 
used as a place of arms till, eighty years later, the 
accession of James I put an end to its military career, 
and we catch our last glimpse of it as the base from 
which in 1570 the Earl of Sussex and Lord Hunsdon 
began that terrible foray which Queen Elizabeth ordered 
as a punishment of the support which the Scottish 
Borders had given to the Rising of the North in the 

iQO A Mound and\iis Memories. 

previous year, "Apon Mundaylast, beyng the 17 of 
thys ynstant (April), we went owt of thys towne (Berwick) 
by 6 a cloke at nyght and rode to Warke, wher we 
remayned tyll three or four yn the mornyng ; and then 
sett forward the hole army that was with us att that 
present, ynto T3rvydale, beming on both hands at the 
lest two myle ; levying neythar castell, towne, nor tower 
linburnt, tyll we came too Jedworth" — so writes Hunsdon 
to Cecil ; and this was only one day's record of an 
expedition which lasted for the rest of the week. The 
joint report, which Sussex and Hunsdon sent to 
Elizabeth^ reveals one curious and not very creditable 
piece of diplomacy, 

" The next morning," they write, " I, th' Earle of 
Sussex, ' shewlde with all the force with me, have in- 
vironed Hume Castell ; and I, the L. of Hunsdon, sholde 
have come with th' ordenance from Warke, which, with 
other engines, was sente from Barwicke thether, for that, 
purpose. And for that by some negligence the draught 
horses were suffered to departe^ 30 as. the ordenance 
could not be drawen thfsther, we were forced to returne- 
hether : and a message was sent to the 1*. Hume, to let 
him understand, that although we wer then in the place 
where we might do with him as we had don with the 
rest, yet, for that he was a mane of nobility, whom we 
wolde more gladly drawe to knowe and amend his faulte 
by curtesie then by force, we did forbeare to do him any 
hurte at that tyme, and wished that the same might 
worke as good.effect in him as it had intencon in us. 
Which message we sent to him by Archibalde Douglas 
who will make reporte of this curteowse dealing to the 
nobility of Scotland." 

Four days later Sussex and Hunsdon returned to 
Wark with the draught horses, and the "curteowse 
dealing " was not continued. So ended the last campaign 
in which Wark was concerned, and the war-worn old 
castle was abandoned to the slow processes of decay, or 
the swifter destruction of the thrifty builder; almost 

A Mound and Us Memories. 1 9 1 

every stone of it is lost in some farmhouse, cottage, or 
field-dyke of the neighbourhood, but the great mound 
still remains to keep silive the memory of a noble history; 
and though from its summit we gaze upon a country 
where peace reigns in the ancient domicile of war, the 
mound shall remind us of Jurdan de Bussei's glorious 
failure and Roger d'Estutevile's well-won success, of 
Sir William Montagu's daring exploits and Sir William 
Lisle's splendid defence. 

R, H. F- 


JMONG all the figures who have attained or 
merited renown in the annals of English 
literature there is hardly a more striking or 
original character than Walter Savage Landor. 
It is at first sight strange indeed that the one writer 
who would seem, through a variety of circumstances, to 
be marked out for special notice among his fellows 
should never, either during his lifetime or subsequently, 
have appealed to any but a comparatively small audience 
of discriminating scholars. 

Had Landor attained literary distinction by the 
regular and accepted lines of the art, the vagaries of 
his private life would have made him appear to us a 
sufficiently striking figure. On the other hand, even 
though as a private individual he had been comparatively 
normal and conventional, our attention could hardly 
have failed to be attracted by the many unique charac- 
teristics of his writings. As it is, however, it is difficult 
to say whether Landor was more unconventional as a 
man, or as a writer; and, moreover, the abnormalities 
of his personality and of his writings are by no means 

It is probably a fact that an analysis of human 
character shows that every one is governed to a large 
extent by opposite and inconsistent tendencies, but in 
the case of Walter Savage Landor this contrariety was 
accentuated to an extraordinary degree. Dealing with 
him as a private individual, his good qualities are the 
first to present themselves to us ; we think of him as 

Walter Savage Landor. 193 

generous, warm-hearted, sympathetic, affectionate, as we 
see him entering with simple delight into the pleasures 
of his children during the few unchequered years of his 
Biarried life. If we consider another side of his character 
be stands before us, as above all things, capricious, 
quixotic, and hopelessly unpractical. These charac- 
teristics were most evident in connection with Landor's 
projects and undertakings at Llanthony Abbey, an 
almost ideal residence which he had acquired in the 
South of Wales. Such qualities as these are perhaps 
not infrequently met with among the vagaries of men 
of literary distinction, and they would not be of sufiGlcient 
importance to detract from the many nobilities of Landor's 
character. Unfortunately, however,. there was another 
side of his nature which was very much less attractive, 
and which was only too frequently brought into promi- 
nence. Throughout the whole of his lifetime Landor 
was subject to fits of uncontrollable passion, inspired 
usually by some trivial or purely imaginary cause, and 
at such moments he was on many occasions led into 
actions which caused him subsequently unending remorse 
and perplexity. In addition to this he was impetuous 
in the extreme — his marriage, the greatest mistake of 
bis life, was the outcome of a momentary fancy — often 
obstinate, often intolerant ; in fact, he showed, on his 
yrorst side, many of the characteristics of an undisci- 
plined schoolboy. Yet in spite of these faults we shall 
be wrong in attributing to him other bad qualities 
whose existence might not unnaturally be suspected.. 
He could never at any time be accused of selfishness, 
being ever ready to deny himself for the sake of his 
family, and to place his services at the disposal of any 
who were suffering through injustice or oppression. 
His prejudices were often ill-founded, and they were 
stubbornly maintained ; but all his enmities were open 
and unconcealed, and any trace of malignity or back- 
biting was utterly alien from his character. 

Such were some of the many contrary and diver- 

^94 Waller Savage Landar. 

gent qualities which were seen in unwonted con- 
junction in the character of Walter Savage Landor. 
With a personality so striking it is hardly to be wondered 
at that he has made a deep impression on all who have 
studied his life and writings. It is probably impossible- 
to analyse or explain such a character satisfactorily; 
the impression which it leaves with us is that whereas 
most men's virtues are in inverse proportion to their 
vices, Landor, while possessing an altogether unusual 
number of good qualities, appears not to have escaped 
the heritage of quite a number of bad ones. 

There is one failing which might very naturally be^ 
attributed to Landor by those who do not clearly under* 
stand his character, namely, an altogether unbecoming' 
conceit regarding his own writings and personality. 
We find constant indications of this in his poems and 
prose writings as well as in his communications to his 
friends, and still more in those to his enemies. Such a' 
line as 

I strove with none, for none was worth my strife, 

and others of a similar or more emphatic tenor, would- 
seem to indicate that the writer was at any rate deficient 
in that modesty and humility which is so frequently met 
with in the great figures of literature. It is probable, 
however, that a more satisfactory explanation than this 
may be arrived at; one of Lander's most striking 
characteristics was an all-pervading and undying love 
of truth, a passion for appraising things at their proper 
worth. There is little doubt that he really believed his 
works to be of a very high order, and that being the 
case, it would never have occurred to him to refrain 
from proclaiming the fact. Whether his judgment was 
a sound one is a question which of course does not affect 
the case at all; it is sufiicient to realise that Landor 
praised his works not in the least because they were 
his own, but because he honestly considered them worthy 
of praise. Had they been the production of another. 

Walter Savage Landor. 195 

be* would have bestowed on them precisely the same 
measure of commendation. 

. Walter Savage Landor was bom at Warwick on 
January joth^ 17759 his parents being members of a 
middle-class family in comfortable circumstances. Of 
the details of his younger days it is unnecessary to 
speak at length, ex^cept in so far as they seem to bear 
on Landor's tastes and characteristics in later life. . For 
4 few years he was educated at a preparatory school, 
and then, at the age of ten, went on to Rugby, where 
he remained for six years, his career being marked 
chiefly by a series of struggles and rebellions against 
the various authorities set over him. These culminated 
finally in a request from the headmaster to Dr Lander 
to remove his son from the school. 

We can hardly suppose that his school career had 
much influence on the formation of Landor's character. 
Certainly it did not teach him to submit to discipline 
and authority, for that was one of the lessons which 
he never learned. It would seem, however, that the 
classical training he received at school — and he early 
showed an unusual aptitude for versification in the most 
intricate Latin metres — played no small part in develop- 
ing that passionate love for Athens and for Rome which 
inspired some of his noblest writings. If then Rugby 
can claim even the smallest share in the conception of 
Pericles andAspasia it will not be the least of the glories 
she possesses. 

On leaving Rugby Landor was for two years under 
a private tutor, and in 1793 he entered at Trinity College, 
Oxford. His career at Oxford was. a short one, but he 
did not fail to make his extraordinary opinions notorious 
throughout the University. After finally crowning a 
course of conduct pursued in accordance with his revolu^ 
tionary sentiments by a freak of more than usual violence, 
he was promptly rusticated, and though permission was 
given him to return in the following term he refused to 
avail himself of it. This decision caused his father the 

196 Waller Savage Lander. 

greatest annoyance, and the estrangement between the 
two became complete and final. 

When Landor turned his back on his old home he 
went first to London, his father agreeing to allow him 
a small annual income. He occupied himself here for 
some time in the study of French and Italian, and wrote 
and published one or two unimportant productions. He 
soon, however, made his way to South Wales, where he 
remained for three years, deriving deep enjoyment from 
the natural beauties of the scenery and from one or two 
of his favourite writers, whom he studied with diligence. 
At this period we are introduced to one of the most 
interesting features of Landor's life, the series of platonic 
friendships which he contracted with ladies with whom 
he came in contact. It might naturally be supposed 
that Landor would be one of the last men to attract 
feminine admiration and regard, but in point of fact the 
case seems to have been just the reverse. Even when 
a boy he had always exhibited the same tendency, and 
now the close friendships which he formed with Rose 
Aylmer and " Ian the," afterwards Countess of Moland6 — 
friendships of very different duration, but both terminated 
only by death — form one of the pleasantest features in 
his life. Landor was always specially distinguished for 
his knightly and chivalrous conduct towards women, 
and not a few of his numerous quarrels were the outcome 
of some real or fancied insult to his wife or some other 

After a long stay in Wales Landor returned to 
London, and plunged for a time into the vortex of 
political journalism. In 1802 he visited Paris during 
the Peace of Amiens, and though his stay there was not 
a long one he conceived a hatred of France and all 
things French, which like most of his prejudices was 
never eradicated. This sentiment was inspired in great 
measure by his indignation at the amassing of the 
treasures of the Louvre by the despoilment of almost 
every European nation. 

tVaUer Savage Landor. 197 

During these years Landor s earliest literary efforts 
of any importance were published. His first volume 
was produced in 1795 and was entitled Poems of 
Walter Savage Landor. It was not without merit and 
showed some originality of thought, but certainly gave 
no promise of the future brilliance of its author. It 
excited some little interest at Oxford during the short 
interval that elapsed before Landor withdrew it from 
sale. For the next year or two Landor's pen was 
employed on nothing more enduring than political 
articles in the Courier^ but he was mentally evolving his 
first great poem, Gebir, This was published in 1798, the 
same year as Lyrical Ballads^ with which it naturally 
challenged comparison. 

The main interest of the poem to the modern 
reader lies in the demonstration it affords of the 
development of Landor's genius. In Gebir his advance 
on his former poems was very marked; the old 
eighteenth century mannerisms and conventionalities 
were discarded, and we have a distinct foretaste of the 
dignity and vigour which became so inseparable from 
Landor's later writings. Gtbir was published in a most 
unfortunate form, and appears at first to have excited 
little admiration except on the part of Southey, who 
became henceforward Landor's closest friend. Four 
years later Landor published another volume of verse, 
the principal poem being Chrysaory in which his blank 
verse rises perhaps to its highest level. 

The next two incidents of importance in Landor's 
career are particularly instructive, as they bring into 
prominence some of the curious sides of his character. 
In 1808 a universal insurrection broke out in Spain and 
Portugal against Napoleon's infamous attempt to 
establish his brother Joseph as ruler of the peninsula. 
Profound sympathy was felt in England with the two 
nations throughout the struggle, but Landor was not the 
man to be content with a passive expression of feeling. 
One of his most striking characteristics was a love of 
VOL. xxvr. D D 

iqS Waliet Savage Lander. 

freedom and hatred of oppression utterly irrespective of 
circumstances and individuals ; there can be no doubt 
that this was a perfectly high and noble feeling on his 
part, but it must be confessed that it was by no means 
unmixed with 

''the schoolboy heat, 
The blind hysterics of the Celt." 

In this case his ardour and impetuosity found vent 
in a suddenly-conceived expedition to Spain at the 
head of a body of volunteers, whom he collected and 
equipped at his own expense. His stay in Spain was 
short and not particularly glorious, and he returned to 
England to signalise himself by another hasty and 
impetuous action, which proved the source of much 
un happiness for himself in after years. 

This achievement was his marriage with Julia 
Thuillier, Despite Landor's fondness for feminine 
society and the many platonic friendships he had made, 
he does not seem ever to have contemplated seriously 
the prospect of marriage, and the manner of his engage- 
ment was entirely characteristic of him. No more need 
be said than that at some ball which he attended at Bath, 
Landor singled out a particular lady as being pre- 
eminently attractive, made a mental resolve to seek her 
hand, carried it into effect, and was married within a 
few months. On the subsequent vicissitudes of his 
married life it is unnecessary to dwell. There were 
frequent disagreements between him and his wife, 
resulting on two or three occasions in a separation of 
greater or lesser duration, and finally in Landor's 
permanent adoption of a life of solitude. Mentally, 
however, he was to a remarkable degree uninfluenced by 
his external circumstances and environment, and his 
writings have so little connection either in letter or in 
spirit with the course of his life that it is fortunately 
unnecessary to dwell in any detail on his family history. 

The next few years of Landor's life were spent at 

Walter Savage Landor. 199 

Llanthony Abbey in South Wales, where his love of the 
country and of animal life found full scope for develop- 
ment. Before long, however, he became involved in 
disputes and law suits, incurred largely through his 
intolerant impetuosity and passionate temperament. In 
addition to this his financial affairs became so involved 
that he was ultimately compelled to leave Llanthony 
deeply in debt. 

Before the visit to Spain, referred to above, Landor 
had published a volume of elegiac poems entitled 
Simanidea^ written under the influence of the loss of 
several of his old friends who had died about this time. 
There is nothing very striking in the volume, but one or 
two of the short poems which it contains — such as the 
two stanzas to Rose Aylmer — are exquisite and almost 
perfect pieces of composition. 

The next great work undertaken by Landor took the 
form of an English tragedy, a new departure from his 
literary practice up to this time. The material for his 
work was taken from the semi-legendary story of the 
struggle between Spain and the Moors, and in particular 
the feud between the Spanish count Julian and his king, 
Roderick, who had misused the daughter of the count. 
The play Count Julian was certainly not a failure, but 
neither could it be described as a thoroughly successful 
and satisfactory piece of work, particularly if we fix 
our standard of success by such great works as Pericles 
and Asfasiay and the Imaginary Conversations. The play 
was much admired by De Quincey, but Landor found 
considerable difficulty in securing a publisher for it, and 
at the time Count Julian added little to its author's 

It is a proof of Lander's extraordinary versatility that 
the next fruit of his pen was the outcome of an incursion 
into the realm of politics — A Commentary on the Memoirs 
of Mr. Fox. This was a kind of running criticism on 
Trotter's Memoirs of Mr. Fox^ interspersed with long 
passages in which Landor set forth his views on politics 

2CO JVaf/er Sarage Laudor, 

andliterature and various subjects relevant or irrelevant 
to the ostensible subject of the work. As a contribution 
to practical politics the value of the book was almost as 
insignificant as the influence it exerted, but in reference 
to its author it is of considerable importance in that it 
gives us a foretaste of the noble and majestic prose style 
which reached perfection in some of Landor's later 
works. Despite, or perhaps in consequence of, the 
extreme views which he held, Landor's political opinions 
were never of very much consequence ; he never viewed 
political questions with the eye of a man experienced in 
such matters, but rather from the point of view of a 
prejudiced outsider. 

It is at this point in Landor's literary career that we 
mark a distinct advance from the position which he had 
hitherto held, and we see him now rapidly approaching 
the height of his success; a success, however, which 
was admitted only by posterity, for the great mass of 
his contemporaries never appraised him at a tithe of his 
real worth. In 1821 Landor left Pisa and settled at 
Florence, and for the next few years occupied himself 
with one of the three great works of his life, the 
Imaginary Conversations. These writings are of peculiar 
interest as being of a form almost, if not quite, unique 
in the history of English literature. The idea had 
occurred to Landor as long as twenty years before, of 
composing short dramatic scenes dealing with real or 
imaginary incidents in the lives of historical characters, 
and he showed remarkable boldness in introducing into 
his conversations, either under their own names or in 
such a manner as to make the allusion sufficiently 
obvious, personages actually contemporary with him- 
self. The idea of the Imaginary Conversations^ although 
the work in its actuality stands quite alone, is perfectly 
natural and reasonable. Imaginary conversations 
though not true in the sense of recording events that 
have actually taken place, may nevertheless in many 
cases give us a more truthful idea of the personages 

Waller Savage Landor. 201 

described than any which we might gather from the 
actual discourses which fell from their lips; for any 
writer with large historical and critical knowledge, 
such as Landor undoubtedly possessed, would, in 
fashioning his work, make it his first aim to bring 
into prominence in his writings the most striking and 
important characteristics of his dramatis personae. The 
result is the natural and reasonable one, that some at 
any rate of the Imaginary Conversations give us a clear 
and abiding idea of the subjects they deal with, such as 
a long and careful study of historical works would 
scarcely reveal. 

As examples of the extraordinary range and ver- 
satility of their author's genius the Imaginary Conver- 
sations stand unparalleled. They cover practically the 
whole field of our historical knowledge, from the era of 
classical mythology to the times in which Landor was 
himself living ; they deal with almost every motion in 
which the human soul finds expression, the nobility of 
Hannibal and Marcellus, the high philosophy of Scipio 
and Polybius, the pathos of Spenser's grief, and the 
despised loves of Vipsania and Anne Boleyn. Every 
type of character is depicted, and in every scene the 
hand is the hand of a master-artist. In all his writings 
Landor had a marvellous power of blending his per- 
sonality with the characters he was depicting. He 
threw himself into his speakers and gave them an 
extraordinary activity and reality, and that without 
the least violation of historical truth, though he not 
infrequently puts into their mouths suggestions and 
theories of his own. He never does this when it would 
make them at all strained or unnatural, but our know- 
ledge of his own personal partialities and prejudices 
enables us to detect passages where the sentiment 
expressed is obviously his own rather than that of the 
character who voices it. There can be no doubt that 
the form of the Imaginary Conversations was exactly 
suited to Landor's genius. He had a distinct bent for 

202 Waller Savage Landar. 

dramatic. composition, but was hardly equal to the task 
of successfully building up a tragedy like Counl Julian. 
These isolated dramatic incidents gave him full scope 
for the exercise of his talents without imposing any of 
the disabilities which a longer work entailed. From 
the point of view of literary style the Imaginary Conver- 
sations leave little to be desired. Here, as in his other 
writings, while Landor's blank verse is good without 
being striking, his prose writing revealed a command 
and mastery over language manifested perhaps by no 
writer before or since. Always resonant and noble, his 
style was varied so as to be in perfect keeping with 
his different characters. He amply fulfilled Matthew 
Arnold's canon, and dealt with high themes in high 
and noble language, and yet in passages of deep grief 
and pathos he is never found at fault. The Imaginary 
Conversations came as a much-needed revelation of the 
strength and dignity of the English tongue when 
moulded by a master. 

Like so many of Landor's works, the Conversations 
on their publication were accorded no ^enthusiastic 
welcome. Wordsworth and Southey were not slow to 
appreciate the great merits of the volumes, but on the 
general literary public they made little impression. 
Such an unfavourable reception did not discourage 
Landor in the least. He was quite prepared to find 
his poems unappreciated by the many; as he himself 
expressed it : — •* I shall dine late ; but the dining-room 
will be well-lighted, the guests few and select." 

During the years following the publication of the 
first volumes of Imaginary Conversations — for new con- 
versations were constantly being added and old ones 
revised for many years subsequently — Landor resided 
quietly at Fiesole, spending what was, on the whole, 
the happiest period of his life. He busied himself with 
re- touching and re-publishing several of his older 
works, and was, as usual, involved in several quarrels 
with his neighbours and the municipal authorities. In 

Waller Savage Laudor, 203 

1832 he paid a short visit to England, and renewed 
his acquaintance with Lamb, Southey, Coleridge and 
Wordsworth. On his return to Fiesole he was visited 
by more of his literary contemporaries, including 
Monckton Milnes, R. W, Emerson, and N. P. Willis. 
The next year witnessed the publication of the first of 
the three works composed at Fiesole, The Citation and 
Examination of William Shakspeare. 

This work, which is of interest as being Landor's 
only sustained attempt at humorous writing, was the 
expansion of an ordinary Conversation^ and deals with 
the imaginary trial of Shakspeare for deer-stealing at 
Charlecote. Such a subject as this was a new departure 
for Landor, and its claims on our attention are based 
rather on this fact than on any great intrinsic merit in 
the work itself. In fact it must be confessed that 
although the Citation won the admiration of Lamb and 
of Mrs Browning, and of course of the faithful Forster, 
it was on the whole the least successful of all his more 
important works. 

We now come to what most readers of Landor will 
agree to be the greatest of his productions, the work by 
which above all others his name will be remembered. 
Like the Imaginary Conversations^ Pericles and Aspasia 
stands practically by itself in English literature; yet 
the high place it has won among the writings of our 
land was attained not through its freedom from rivals 
and competitors but by the great, merits of the work 
itself, merits which demand far more than the inad- 
equate tribute of praise which it has been accorded. 
The scheme of Pericles and Aspasia is a natural develop- 
ment of the Imaginary Conversations^ Landor's original 
purpose being that the volume should consist of conver- 
sations as well as letters between Pericles and Aspasia, 
and a few other secondary characters; ultimately, 
however, he decided to confine himself to the epistolary 
form, the only departure from this rule being the 
inclusion of a few imaginary orations delivered by 

204 WuL'er Savage Landor. 

Pericles to the Athenians, Pericles and Aspasia^ though 
it gives us one of the pleasantest and most faithful 
pictures we possess of Greek life and thought, does 
not by any means adhere closely to history in minor 
incidents and details, nor indeed did Landor ever 
intend that it should do so. He claimed that in a 
work of such a character he was entitled to give his 
imagination full play, and he rejoiced that the paucity 
of our historical knowledge left him comparatively 

The extraordinary breadth and scope of Pericles and 
Aspasia would call for special remark if Landor had not 
already revealed his great capabilities in Imaginary 
Conversations^ for in the letters which he has set before 
us here, love and philosophy, literature and politics, are 
discussed without restriction, and always with full know- 
ledge and perfect appropriateness and delicacy. If we 
seek nobility and majesty, the valedictory letter of 
Pericles, as he lies on his death-bed and looks back over 
his great career, will take rank with the most splendid 
utterances of our language. If we look for tenderness 
and the aspiring of love, we have it pure and stainless 
in the letters of Aspasia. For philosophy we need but 
turn to Anaxagoras ; for the pathos of unrequited passion 
to Cleone and Xeniades. The whole work, moreover, is 
written with perfect insight and perfect fitness in that 
great language which Landor made so peculiarly his 
own. Literary discussions figure largely in the letters, 
not less in those of Cleone and Aspasia than in those 
of Pericles and Anaxagoras, and there are many short 
poems in rhyme and blank verse scattered throughout 
the volume. The longest and most ambitious attempt 
is a fragment of a drama dealing with the meeting of 
Agamemnon and Iphigeneia among the shades; this 
Landor always considered his most successful effort in 
blank verse. One of the shorter poems, at any rate, 
that describing the death of Artemidora, is as exquisite 
as anything he ever wrote, and seems hardly capable 
of improvement. 

WulUr Savage Landor, 205 

It was said by Mrs Browning that Landor was the 
most Greek of English living writers, and it is, of course, 
Pericles and Aspasia almost alone which justifies this 
appreciation. Landor has not only familiarised us with 
Greek surroundings, he has achieved the harder task of 
enveloping his work with the atmosphere and glamour 
of Greek life at its highest and best. Doubtless also it 
was the skilful dramatic arrangement of Pericles and 
Aspasia which led Robert Browning to dedicate Luria 
*to a great dramatic poet .... by one whose sole, 
privilege is in a grateful admiration, to Walter Savage 
Landor." In the reflective portions of Pericles and 
Aspasia Landor writes in a deeper mood than is his 
wont, and many remarks may be picked out sufiiciently 
striking and profound to merit perpetual currency. One 
of the most noteworthy passages occurs in a letter of 
Aspasia to Cleone on the comparative merits of sculpture, 
painting, and poetry, where the argument is summed 
up in the pregnant sentence, '* Sculpture and Fainting 
are moments of life ; Poetry is life itself and everything 
around it and above it." 

It is interesting to notice how Landor introduces into 
his work his own opinions and prejudices even on the 
most trivial subjects, a typical instance being the letter 
of Cleone to Aspasia on feminine attire ; it should be 
remembered, however, that such insertions are always 
effected with great skill, and never does Landor strike 
a jarring note thereby. 

The final judgment with regard to Pericles and Aspasia 
must be that it is probably the most worthy representative 
of its author's powers, and merits an honourable place 
in the great shrine of England's literature. It is a great 
work, treating in the highest style of a noble theme, 
and its greatness is gained, not by the flashes of an 
occasional brilliance, but by a sustained and splendid 
grandeur from which the author never descends. 

The third and last of the books which Landor wrote 
at Fiesole was of somewhat similar character to the two 


2o6 TValier Savage Landor. 


former^ in that it consisted of imaginary dialogfues 
between two historical personages. It is interesting to 
notice that this work, the Pentamerony stands almost 
alone among Landor's writings in being the direct out- 
come of the influence exerted on the writer by the 
scenery and surroundings amidst which he lived. 
Naturally attracted from his earliest days by Boccaccio's 
writings, Landor found this feeling become tenfold more 
ardent when he settled in the midst of that romantic 
country over which the glowing scenes of the Decameron 
have thrown an undying glamour. The outcome of this 
was the Pentamerotty a work of which substance as well 
as name are modelled on Boccaccio. It consists of 
imaginary dialogues chiefly between Boccaccio and 
Petrarca, a few secondary characters being introduced, 
though hardly to the same extent as in Pericles and 
Aspasia. As in that work Landor succeeded in conveying 
to us the very breath and atmosphere of Hellas, so in 
the Peniameron we find ourselves unconsciously led into 
an environment where all that is most attractive and 
most romantic of mediaeval Italy pervades every page 
and [breathes upon us with a subtle and inevitable 
influence. The Peniameron is on the whole more re- 
flective than Pericles andAspasia^ and though it nowhere 
rises to such heights as some of the noblest parts of the 
earlier work, it contains passages of greater charm and 
beauty, and the criticisms of life and literature which it 
presents are always of great interest and almost always 
of great value. 

At this time, although Landor had nearly thirty 
years more to live, and although, like Robert Browning, 
he continued to write with hardly-abated vigour up to 
his last years, by far the greatest part of his life's work 
had been accomplished. At this time, too, there occurs 
an interval of a few years, during which his literary 
production was almost entirely suspended. This period 
coincides with his departure from his family and his 
home at Fiesole. The frequent distressing disputes 

Waller Savage Lander, 107 

between Landor and his wife had at last reached a pitch 
which goaded him to break for ever, as he thought, from 
his family and to return to a life of solitude in England. 
For a short time he remained travelling on the Continent, 
and then settled down in modest but comfortable quarters 
at Bath. Here the chief pleasures of his life were derived 
from those literary friendships with which his life was, 
from his earliest to his latest days, enriched. From 
this time, however, he was rapidly losing his friends 
by death, one after another being taken from him, till 
in his latter days at Bath the old man was left to a 
solitude which was deeply pathetic. 

As soon as Landor was once well settled at Bath all 
the old literary activity blazed out again, plays and 
pamphlets. Conversations and Latin verses flowing 
from his pen with the same profusion as of old. He 
appears to have felt that his end was not far distant, 
and in 1850, on his seventy-fifth birthday, penned a 
stanza which, short as it is, takes rank with the very 
greatest of his writings : — 

I strove with none, for none was worth my strife ; 

Nature I loved, and next to Nature, Art ; 
I warmed both hands before the fire of life. 

It sinks and I am ready to depart. 

The fire of life, however, was still to glow for Landor 
for many years, and several more contributions to his 
literary work were yet to be produced. In 1846 he had 
published a collected edition of all his works, containing 
one or two new contributions and nearly all that he had 
already published. This had been preceded by three 
tragedies and another play, The Siege of Ancona^ and 
was followed by volumes, English and Latin, in prose 
and verse ; in none of these does Landor rise to his old 
heights of grandeur,, but in none does he sink into 
mediocrity or inferiority. 

The saddest period of his life remains to be told. 
Some seven years before his death signs were not 

2c8 Walter Savage Landor. 

wanting of the gradual unhinging of the active mind, 
and all the old vices of passion and impetuosity were 
manifested anew. He got himself involved at Bath in 
a disgraceful quarrel, purely of his own making, and 
when the aflFair was smoothed over by the intervention 
of his friends, he opened the breach afresh by the 
publication of abusive lampoons in a volume entitled 
Dry Sticks fagottd by W. S, Landor. It is unnecessary 
and undesirable to dwell on the events which followed ; 
the old man had once more, in his *' ninth decade," as 
he terms it, to exile himself from England and returned 
to his family at Fiesole. Here he was treated with 
more harshness and discourtesy than before, and 
finally left his home, to throw himself on the kindness 
of Robert Browning. By the latter's efforts he was 
settled at Florence in comfort and content, and^here he 
published his last volume, Heroic Idylls^ in 1863. 

In the next year the end came, the fire of ninety 
years had burned itself out, and Walter Savage Landor 
met face to face that Genius of Death whom he revealed 
to us in Petrarca's dream. 

One of the most notable features of Lander's life and 
work is the extraordinary length of his period of 
literary activity. Senior by more than twelve years to 
Byron, Shelley, and Keats, he saw them cut off in the 
early promise of their life, he was just producing his 
greatest works when Wordsworth died, and he lived to 
hold an honoured place in English literature at the time 
when the chief upholders of its glory were the two 
Brownings and Alfred Tennyson. In all, Landor was 
producing and publishing his works during a period of 
sixty-eight years, surpassing Browning and Tennyson 
by twelve years and Wordsworth by more. During the 
whole of this period, except for two short intervals, his 
literary output was regular and unflagging, and the 
quality, on the whole, varied remarkably little; it is 
only occasionally that Landor flashes into a greatness 
worthy of the front rank of English literature, but on 

Walter Savage Lafidor. a 09 

the other hand it is still more rarely that he sinks far 
below the high standard which he established for 

It may perhaps be said roughly that Landor appears 
to us in two rdles in his writings — as a poet and man of 
letters, and as an amateur politician and reformer. 
With regard to the former classification, a fairly sharp 
line of demarcation is drawn between his poetry and his 
prose, because in one style he attains a distinctly higher 
measure of success than in the other. As a poet he 
maintained a position of respectable mediocrity. He 
wrote usually in blank verse, which, though perfectly 
smooth and flawless, was too regular and monotonous, 
and had none of the grandeur and charm of Milton's 
magnificent lines. Occasionally, as in some of the 
shorter pieces already quoted, Landor's poetry is almost 
unapproachable, but in his longer pieces he is less 
successful, and indeed he always regarded verse rather 
as a diversion and prose-writing as the serious work of 
his life. This feeling was fully justified by its results, 
for the right of Landor's prose to a foremost rank in 
English letters has never been questioned. Probably 
no writer has ever lived who has had a more perfect 
command over the English tongue ; he invariably writes 
in the high style ; a certain greatness and dignity seems 
inseparable from his work; and even in his most 
earnest and impassioned passages he never allows a 
sentence to remain obscure, but works out every phrase 
with perfect lucidity. The grandest and most sonorous 
of his prose passages are to be found in the Imaginary 
Conversations and in Pericles and Asfasia. 

As a politician Landor's attitude was interesting and 
clearly defined, and in this sphere he appears more as 
an outcome of his age than in any other. Like his 
younger contemporaries, Shelley and Byron, he was a 
bitter and perfervid opponent of every kind of despotism 
and oppression, and on many occasions during his life 
he publicly expressed his sympathy with all kinds of 

210 Waller Savage Landor. 

revolt and uprising against tyrannical misrule. The 
most striking example of this was the incident already 
referred to, when with his customary impetuosity he 
enlisted and equipped a company of troops against 
Napoleon in Spain. The visionary profits on his 
various literary efforts were nearly always destined 
beforehand to support a democratic rising or for the 
relief of some class suffering political disabilities, and 
the numberless pamphlets which he wrote, setting 
forth the advantages of democratic forms of government, 
are a sufficiently clear indication of his temperament 
and sympathies. There can be no doubt that Landor 
was largely affected by the influence of the French 
Revolution, which occurred just when he was at the 
most impressionable age of life, but it is equally certain 
that without this external influence the feelings and 
sentiments of the man would have flowed in the same 
direction, though perhaps they would not have been so 
emphatically accentuated. Landor's political tendencies 
were thoroughly in keeping with the opinions of his 
private life; the same instinct which inspired his 
political pamphlets was the cause of the outpouring of 
equally innocuous hexameters against his private 
enemies, and the feeling underlying both was a 
fierce and unassuagable hatred of injustice for its own 
sake. There was no particle of the personal element in 
this frame of mind, for Landor bore with perfect 
equanimity the depreciatory criticisms on his own 
works, and was never troubled by insults, except when 
he conceived that he was the victim of unjust attack. 
With regard to his friends, however, the matter was 
different ; no one was quicker than Landor to resent a 
fancied slight on any of acquaintance, and no one made 
himself a more resolute or reckless champion in such a 

Of Landor's personal characteristics it is pleasant to 
speak, for, in spite of certain eccentricities and 
prejudices, he possessed many qualities which were 

WatUt Savage Landor. 2\i 

attractive and admirable. He was generous to the last 
degree, partly no doubt through his general reckless- 
ness and unpracticality in financial matters, the same 
quality which caused him to expend his money so 
lavishly on worthless pictures and statues, but chiefly 
through the intrinsic kindness and self-denial of his 
nature, shown by his constant willingness to give aid to 
any who were in distress, or to reserve to himself when 
separated from his family only the most moderate 
income. Towards ladies he exhibited a bearing so 
chivalrous and courtly that it would almost have 
seemed exaggerated, had it not been so obviously 
sincere. The strength and dignity of Lander's 
character were as clearly shown in his personal bearing 
as they were in his writings, and the strength, though 
unfortunately not the dignity, was evidenced in the fits 
of passion which formed a marring element in his 
personality. Blended, however, with this strength and 
nobility was a tenderness and gentleness which formed 
a complete contrast with the sterner side of the man. 
He showed this aspect chiefly in his love of Nature and 
of all animal life ; for a great part of his life his canine 
friends supplied a considerable part of the joys of 
existence for him, and the picture Dickens draws of 
Landor as Laurence Boythom with his pet canary is 
particularly true to its original. His love for animal 
life took the form of an intense humanitarianism which 
caused him, during the latter part of his life, to forswear 
even the pleasures of angling on account of the 
unnecessary pain it inflicted. In a passage of consider- 
able reason and force he sums up his sentiments with a 
remark worthy of consideration, " But it is a hard thing 
to take away what we cannot give, and life is a pleasant 
thing — at least to birds." 

One of the best testimonies to the attractiveness of 
Lander's character was the series of friendships he 
enjoyed with men whose names have become universally 
honoured and respected. In his earlier days his closest 

212 Waller Savage L an dor, 

friend was the poet Southey, and at the end of life he 
was sustained by the companionship of another great 
poet, Robert Browning. Between these two periods 
the roll of Landor's friends includes many names great 
in our literary annals, and many others distinguished 
rather by greatness of character and soul. Among these 
may be mentioned Wordsworth and Hazlitt, Lamb and 
De Quincey, Dickens and Forster, Emerson and Monckton 
MilneSy Elizabeth Barrett and the talented family of 
Hare. The possession of such friends as these is an 
ample vindication of any attacks which may be made 
on Landor's character. 

Towards the end of his life Landor's disposition 
began raher to soften and become sweeter, and on the 
whole his fits of passion were less frequent than before. 
He remained remarkably active, despite his heavy 
burden of years, up till a year or two before his death- 
Then he slipped gradually away, after long periods of 
unconsciousness, facing death, we may hope, in the 
same spirit in which he had penned the nobly pathetic 

Death stands above me, ivhispering low 

I know not what into my ear: 
Of his strange language all I know 

Is, there is not a word of fear. 

Despite the originality and attractiveness of his 
writings Landor has never attained any very general 
popularity ; this is perhaps hardly to be wondered at, 
for the mind requires to be educated up to the great- 
ness and subtleties of his works, while his many 
allusions tend to make his work obscure to those who 
are ignorant of these references. It is probably too 
much to expect that the large section of the British 
reading public which knows Wordsworth but as the 
author of We are Seven^ and whose acquaintance with 
Tennyson extends only to The May Queen and The 
Charge of Ihe Light Brigade^ should appreciate the 

Walter Savage Landor. 213 

sublimity of Lander's prose and the soft delicacy of 
some of his verse. Nevertheless by a smaller circle of 
more careful readers his work has always been regarded 
as a mine from which men may dig and ever return for 
new treasure, and it seems likely that such a band of 
admirers will never be wanting, to justify the confident 
predictions of Landor of the duration and permanency 
of his writings. 



Rby John Chahbbrs M.A. 

By the death on the ^nd of Jul j 1904* at Woodhead Vicarage 
in Cheshire of the Rev John Chambers^ a useful, honourable, 
and strenuous career came to end. 

Mr Chambers, who was born 3rd May 1828 at Newark-upon- 
Trent, was the son, of humble parents, Mark John and Louisa 
Chambers. He received his early education at Magnus' Grammar 
School in his native town under the headmastership of Dr Cooke. 
At this school he was a contemporary of the late Dean Hole. 
He entered St John's with an Exhibition, became in due time 
a Scholar, and took his degree as loth Wrangler in the Mathe- 
matical Tripos of 1852. He was afterwards placed in the second 
class of the Classical Tripos of that year, a position which 
hardly represented his classical attainments, but a sharp illness 
during the examination interfered with his work. His College 
tutor was the late Dr J. Hymers, his private tutor in mathematics 
was the late Dr S. Parkinson ; in classics he read with the 
Rev J, B. Mayor and the late Rev T. Field. As an under- 
graduate he won one of the Members' Latin Essay Prizes in 
1 85 1 when the late Archbishop Benson took the same honour, 
and he twice won it as a Bachelor in 1853 ^^^ >^54* 

After taking his degree he remained in Cambridge for a time 
taking private pupils, but he looked forward to a scholastic 
careet. In 1854 he was a candidate for the headmastership of 
his old school at Newark, and in 1855 was a candidate for a 
like post at Wolverhampton School. 

In 1859 he was appointed mathematical master at Durham 
Grammar School, the headmaster being the Rev Henry 
Holden D.D. At Durham he had as a pupil the late Dr Mandell 
Creighton, successively Dixie Professor of History at Cambridge, 
Bishop of Peterborough, and lastly Bishop of London. He left 
Durham in i860 to become second master at Beaumaris Grammar 

Ohihiary. 2«5 

School, being selected from a long list of candidates. In con- 
nexion with his work at Durham the following inscription in a 
copy of Aytoun's Scottish Cavaliers is of interest : — 

Johanni Chambers, A,M. 

olim inter aspreta mathematicae 

nuperius inter amoeniores Scotiae calles duci; 

magistro perito 

comiti tarn prudenti quam faceto 

viaticorum custodi diligenti, 

famis, sitis, solis, viae pericuiorum paiientissiroo 

nunc tamen eheu rade donato, penatibusq : abhinc adicto, 

gratiorem scilicet itinenim futuronim sociam adepto, 

in memoriam 

temporis oh nimiam fugacis, actt 

inter montes, valles, saltus, et aquas 

Spectantibus jucundas, nautibus jucundiores 

hunc libellum 


omnia bona et fausta ominati 

itineris nos comites 

Scholae Dunelmensis olim alumni 

Mandbll Ckbighton, e Coll : Mert : ap : Ozon : 

GuLiSLMUs L. Hktherington, e Coll: ss. Trin: ap: Cantab: 

Albertus G. Legard, e Coll : Ball : ap : Oxon 

Prid. Cal. Decem. 1865. 

While at Beaumaris he was ordained Deacon by the Bishop 
of Bangor, but he did not long remain there, being elected 
headmaster of the King's School, Ely, in 1 861. He was ordained 
Priest by the Bishop of Ely in 1 862. While at Ely he established 
a boat club for the school, and through his efforts a boat house 
was built. He took much pains in coaching the boys in rowing 
and in teaching them to swim. He was a powerful swimmer 
himself, and on more than one occasion saved lives from 

Leaving Ely in 1869 he was for two years headmaster of the 
Grammar School at Sandbach in Cheshire, when in 1871 he 
found a new sphere of work, being appointed head mathematical 
roaster of Manchester Grammar School, the High Master being 
Mr F. W. Walker, now High Master of St Paul's School. Hert, 

2 \ 6 Obiluary. 

at the commencement, he had the entire charge of the mathe- 
matical teaching of over 600 boys, he reorganised the work 
throughout the school, establishing a system which has been 
carried on with good success up to the present time. In 1875 
four of his pupils obtained the Queen's Medals in the Science 
and Art Examination. The pupils were: William Burslem 
(afterwards scholar of Pembroke College, Oxford) and William 
H. Heaton (afterwards scholar of Brasenose College, Oxford), 
who obtained silver medals; and James O. Jelly (afterwards 
demy of Magdalen College, Oxford) and Edward H. Nightingale 
(afterwards Exhibitioner of St John's College, Cambridge), who 
obtained bronze medals. On no previous occasion had the 
pupils of one instructor carried off the four medals for mathe- 
matics. Among his pupils he was able to count three who were 
second Wranglers at Cambridge. Ue kept an accurate record 
of his pupils* careers from term to term, recording in his book 
every School, College, and University success. 

He became Vicar of Woodhead in Cheshire in 1877, and in 
1890 resigned his post at Manchester. On his departure his 
old pupils presented him with a theodolite, which he valued most 
highly and constantly used. Starting from his house and taking 
hundreds of observations along the hilly road round the second 
of the Woodhead reservoirs, a distance of some four miles, he 
reached his hotise again with an error of about six inches. He 
kept daily records of the barometer, and by elaborate tables of 
his own construction, reduced them for temperature and to sea 
level to four places of decimals. At the end of the year the 
barometric curves were drawn on long strips of cardboard, which 
folded up into book form. He applied his mathematics to 
gardening, and laid out an elliptic flower-bed, described by the 
well-known focal property. 

Although a diligent and brilliant scholar he found time for 
athletics. He played cricket in the College Eleven and captained 
the Long Vacation Eleven, and on various occasions played 
against members of the All England XI. He was a fine skater^ 
and once got up a cricket match on the ice. 

He was nominated to the Vicarage of Woodhead by Lord 
Tollemache. As a parish priest he was sincere and firm, 
scholarly in his sermons and a good reader. Mr Chambers 
mariied 31st December 1866 at St Mary the Less, Durham, 
Georgiana Lambton, youngest daughter of Thomas (and Dorothy) 

Obtiuary. 2 1 7 

Marsden, of the South B liley, Durham. Mrs Chambers died 
in 1891 ; both she and her husband lie in the little moorland 
churchyard at Woodhead. They had seven childreni three sons 
and four daughters, all of whom survive him. 

Rev Thsophilus Barton Rowe M.A. 

The Rev Theophilus Barton Rowe, a former head master of 
Tonbridge School, died on January 13th at his residence, 
St Anne's, Surrey road, Bournemouth. 

Mr Rowe was born in 1833 at Croydon, his father being the 
Rev Samuel Evans Rowe, a Wesleyan minister. He was 
educated for six years at the school for the sons of Wesleyan 
ministers, Woodhouse Grove, near Leeds, and then for five years 
as King's Scholar of the Cathedral School, Durham, under 
Dr Elder, afterwards head master of Charterhouse School. 
From Durham he proceeded to St John's College, and graduated 
in 1856 as third classic and 31st wrangler, being also a 
Chancellor's medallist. He was elected a Fellow of the college, 
but never resided, accepting instead a mastership at Bath 
College. Mr Rowe, who had taken orders in 1859, was married 
in 1861 to Eliza Nicholls, daughter of Mr Joshua Vardy Buckler, 
of Boreham, Wilts, and in the same year became an assistant 
master and house master at Uppingham, under Thring. 

Though differing from Mr Thring on certain questions of 
finance, and notably on'the rights of assistant masters, he always 
cherished a loyal and reverential regard for his famous chief. 
He remained at Uppingham for 15 years, when he was appointed 
to succeed Dr James Ind Welldon, an ex-Fellow of St John's 
(see Eagle xix. 479), as head master of Tonbridge School. 

Mr Rowcf entered on his work at Tonbridge in January 1876. 
He soon found he had no light task before him His 
predecessor, who had held the reins for 33 years, was an old- 
fashioned classic, a sober Evangelical, a man who combined 
geniality with firmness and a certain Spartan simplicity of life, 
and one who as a schoolmaster had in his later years become 
greatly endeared to his pupils. To succeed him could in no case 
have been easy, but for Mr Rowe circumstances made it 

2 1 8 Ohiluary. 

especially difficult. Mr Rowe foand the school in a state of 
transition, awaiting the ratification of a new scheme. The 
governors (the Skinners' Company) saw the prospect of having 
their power taken away. The parents of day boys complained 
that they were about to be deprived of their rights, and the 
discords which divided parents extended to the sixth form and 
even to the old boys, whence they were reflected back to the 
school. Every innovation made by the new head master was in 
danger of being violently resented. Yet innovations were a 
necessity of the hour. The old statutes of the school had 
provided only for the teaching of classics, but under Dr Welldon's 
regime French and mathematics had taken their proper place in 
the curriculum. The new scheme was to give the same position 
to natural science, drawing, vocal music, and gymnastics, and 
Mr Rowe thought it best to introduce these subjects at once. 
Though himself an elegant classic, he became, therefore, the 
representative of so-called " modern studies," and incurred some 
opposition from partisans of a purely classical education. The 
development was, however, necessary and successful. New 
workshops were erected in 1876, and scientific laboratoiies, on a 
scale hardly known at the time in any public school, in 1887. 
The completeness of the equipment of the laboratories was 
largely due to the sympathy felt by Mr Rowe with the plans of 
his science masters, and the anxious care he gave to the con- 
sideration of details. 

In preparation for the changes which would be brought about 
by the new scheme, which finally came into efifect in 1881, Mr 
Rowe submitted to the governors a number of memoranda* 
based on statistics drawn from other public schools. In such 
documents his statesmanlike width of view and lucidity of 
exposition were seen to the greatest advantage. 

It is impossible to give any history of the events of Mr Rowe's 
head mastership, even if we pass over such somewhat external 
events as the foundation of the Skinners' Company's Middle 
Class School at Tunbridge Wells in 1884, the Commercial 
School at Tonbrldge in 1888, and the Old Tonbridgians* 
Society in 1886. But it is right to mention the reorganisation of 
the school library, the establishment of the school mission on 
school property, near King*s Cross Station, the improvement in 
the position of the assistant masters, the starling of masters* 
meetings for common counsel on matters of school interest, the 

Obituary. 1 1 9 

granting of studies to boarders, the strengthening of discipline 
over day boys, the general reduction of punishment, the 
institution of a School Museum and Natural History Society, the 
starting of occasional lectures to the school by men distinguished 
in] literature and science, such as the Rev J. G. Wood, Sir 
Robert Ball, Mr SoUas, etc. Mr Rowe frequently himself 
lectured on astronomical and geological subjects, and held his 
audience'.by his lucidity and power. 

Having himself been an assistant master for so many years, 
he was specially awake to the rights and claims of his staff. 
"Indeed he was, if anything, somewhat too indulgent to the 
shortcomings of his colleagues. His uniform consideration for 
his assistants, his generous appreciation of their efforts, his 
readiness to advise and help them in difficulties, and his 
unbounded kindness whenever it was in his power to do them 
a service, will never be forgotten by those who worked under 

Mr Rowe represented throughout the Uppingham theory of 
education : that the school exists for the individual boy, that no 
prospective gain to a school as a body can outweigh detriment 
to the individual, that the great object of education should be to 
make boys think, and that the dull boy has as great claims upon 
the school as the clever boy. What he had most at heart was 
the general moral tone of the school, and we believe that in his 
day it was exceptionally healthy. 

Mr Rowe's influence was naturally most powerful in his Vltli 
Form. He was an excellent tfsacher of Classics, especially 
perhaps of Latin verse, but he was not content to turn out 
classical scholars — he aimed at producing men. Nothing 
delighted him more than a Socratic argument in which he 
maintained the unpopular side of the question, and for such boys 
as V ere capable of receiving instruction in this form, no method 
could do more to open the mind and to dispel prejudices. But 
the process — as in the case of Socrates himself — was sometimes 
irritating to those who lacked the proper receptivity of mind and 
could not seize either the serious purpose or the playful humour 
of the master. 

But for the more receptive spirits, what were the qualities in 
Mr Rowe which left the deepest impression on these ? 

* The last sentences are taken Irom an article contiibuted by a Tonbirdge 
colleague, the Rev J. A. Babiug(on| to the Guardian of January 251IU 

2 20 Obiluary. 

In the three following paragraphs I repeat what I wrote 
some years ago in Mr Rivitigton's History of Tonbridge School^ 
and edition. 

''Perhaps, first, his profound belief in righteousness: 
especially his horror of looseness of life. Along with this went 
a deep sense of the happiness and holiness of the grown man's 
life. . • . And then there was the love of truth. No man 
was ever more fearless in uttering the naked truth without 
toning it down to meet conventional requirements. . . Those 
who could see the easy courage and freedom of mind which was 
implied in saying what one felt instead of what one was expected 
to say, found in this honesty of utterance one of Mr Rowe's 
greatest qualities. 

" With the love of truth there was in Mr Howe a great love 
of justice and fair play. This was especially seen when a boy 
was called to account for some act committed or omitted. Mr 
Rowe never gave signs of hastiness of temper. And with that 
love of truth went also a rare degree of self-oblivion or self- 
conquest. No provocation could make him anything but fair to 
opponents. When one knew certain things, and heard the 
generous interpretation which he set on them, one might be 
profoundly moved by such generosity and nobility of mind — or, 
one might smile at it — but one recognised that here was some- 
thing which one might travel far to find in other men. 

*' And yet in this there was nothing of the impassivity of the 
Stoic. No one could know Mr Rowe without being struck by 
his emotional sensibility. ' His nervous delicacy of tempera- 
ment/ writes one of his pupils, • exhibited itself whenever he 
addressed the school on important occasions by a faltering of the 
voice and a glistening of the eye, and this more especially in his 
chapel sermons. The majority of us respected such evidences 
of strong feeling, and felt that we had before us a man who was 
in touch with the deepest realities of life.' . . . And those 
who had it in them to do something, as most boys have, had in 
Mr Rowe's example and teaching the best light to lighten their 

But though an ever-growing number of his best p^ipils, 
conscious of the debt their minds owed to him and struck with 
admiration of his noble fearlessness, became his sworn friends 
and supporters, they could do little to stem the current of 
opposition and detraction which set in at the beginning of his 

Obiluary. 221 

rule and continued to the end. To this many causes con- 

Mr Rowe was a lover of the naked trulh such as in this world 
of compromises is rarely seen. He gave offence by speaking 
out unpalatable opinions — especially in theology, where his 
standpoint was that of a Darwinian. He believed in reason, 
and to many people there is nothing more irritating. He was 
forced to introduce changes, some of them in the direction of 
curtailing or annulling old-established privileges, and thus raised 
new enemies. He was the pioneer of ** modern " or scientific 
studies, and thus vexed the souls of the "pure classics." 
Tenderly interested in the good of his boys, whether they had 
left the school in the Vlth or in the IVih, he nevertheless 
wanted the hail-fellow-well-met geniality of the man of the 
world. Seeing so clearly himself the distinction between tlie 
reality and the appearance, he under-valued, perhaps, the 
utility of outward ceremony. He seemed to lack the fire and 
quick imperiousness which so often pass for strength. Ho 
would tolerate discussion, when, even if he were wrong, ** Sic 
volo, sic jubeo," would have been more efficacious. It is need- 
less to say more. Outside Tonbridge, and to some extent, in 
Tonbridge, the work he was doing, the greatness of his 
character were constantly disparaged — especially perhaps among 
the Old Boys of a previous generation settled in and about 
London. They no longer sent their sons to the school, and the 
whole influence of many of them was used to bring about a 
change. The result was seen in a decline of the numbers of the 
school, which, having been about 240 in Mr Rowe*s early time, 
sank in his later years to about 175. Reductions in the staff, 
which were consequently forced on him, increased the spirit of 
discontent. Finally, in J890, feeling that he had lost the 
support of his governors, Mr Rowe resigned his position after 
fourteen years' rule. 

The difficulties he had met showed, as nothing else could 
have done, the greatness of Mr Rowe*s character. It was no 
affectation of magnanimity, but part of his true nature when he 
constantly condoned the hostility of his opponents, and found 
some charitable explanation for every wrong he suffered. 1 o 
his governors he was undevialingly loyal. It was characteristic 
of him that he chivalrously espoused the cause of Commercial 
Education, and rather than see it fail he acquiesced in the plan 

322 Ohiluafy. 

by which the governors made np the necessary funds for starting' 
their commercial school at Ton bridge by reducing the number 
of classical masters in the grammar school, and that at the 
moment when the latter stood most sorely in need of a little 
extra fostering. Concerning the inevitable effect of this in 
temporarily diminishing the prosperity of hi» school and 
permanently overclouding his own worldly success, Mr Rowe 
was under no optimistic illusion. 

On his resignation his old pupils raised a subscription to do 
him honour, and portraits of him by Mr Jacomb-Hood, an old 
Tonbridgian, were presented to him and to the school. 

Mr Rowe spent his remaining years at St Anne*s» Surrey 
Road, Bournemouth. 

Having lost his wife in 1 887, he was married a second \\fat 
in 1888, to Blanche, daughter of Mr James Sewell Hanbury, 
solicitor, and niece by marriage of the Rev W. F. Witts, of 
Uppingham, by whom he leaves a son (now a scholar of 
Winchester) and three daughters. Nothing could be more 
beautiful to see than his affectionate solicitude for the develop- 
ment of character and attainment in these children of his later 
years. He still interested himself in schemes of social and 
educational improvement, but above all in the fortunes of his old 
school and in the well-doing of his old Tonbridge and Upping- 
ham pupils, many of whom now deeply mourn his loss. In his 
later visits to Tonbridge he was received with warm affiection by 
school and town. The mists of prejudice had rolled away, and 
the work he had done was seen, at last, in its true shape. 

For eighteen months before his death the shadows of decay 
had been creeping over him. '* Only the character, that inner 
self, remained unchanged; the affection, the generosity of 
disposition which had distinguished him of yore distinguishing 
him still; and that magnificent patience with which ho had 
borne unshaken the frets and turmoil of a troubled career bear- 
ing him bravely day by day along the Valley of the Shadow. 
Before the end came it was given unto him to show a clearness 
of vision, a humbleness of soul, and a sure trust in the tender 
mercies of his God, such as must be for ever a strengthening of 
faith in those who were with him. Truly of him it may be said : 
* My flesh and my heart faileth, but God is the strength of my 
heart and my portion for ever.' " 

He was buried on January 17th in Bournemouth Cemetery^ 
in a spot which be had himself selected some years ago. 

OUtuary. i^i 

Mr Rowe was the author of " A Sixth Form Greek Syntax," 
ptiblished in 1890; of apamphit^t on "The Right of Assistant 
Masters to an Appeal on Dismissal : a Letter to H.M. Endowed 
Schools Commissioners/' 1874; and, with his second wife, of 
" Bacon's Essays Transcribed into Modern English for the use 
of Indian Students/' published in 1896. 

But these works are no gauge of his powers, which were 
spent in the reorganisation of a great public school in a time of 
transition, and on the development of individual mind and 

On all who met him in his best years he made the impression 
of a man of brilliant intellect, of philosophic width of view, of 
remarkable powers as a speaker and writer, of charming humour, 
fearless honesty, and boundless charity and tenderness. Those 
who knew him best, valued him highest, and there are many of 
his old pupils and colleagues at Uppingham andTonbridge who 
will be inclined to say of him, as was said of Socrates, whom in 
many points he resembled, that ** of all of whom we have had 
experience he was the best, and (in great things) the wisest and 
the most righteous." 

G. C. MooRB Smith. 

Rbv Clbusnt Cottbrill Scholbfibld M.A. 

The Rev C. C. Scholefield, who died on the loth of Septem- 
ber last at the age of sixty-five, was educated at Pocklington 
School, in Yorkshire, and graduated at St John's in 1864. 

When at Cambridge Mr Scholefield took a keen delight in 
swimming and rowing, he was an excellent oarsman, and only 
just missed obtaining a seat in the 'Varaity boat one year. 

He was Treasurer of the Lady Margaret Boat Club in 1 862, 
and in that year represented the College in the contest for the 
Colquhoun Sculls, while in the year following he stroked the 
First Boat during the May Races, and with E. K. Clay won the' 
Bateman Pair Oars. 

He was a first-class musician and played exquisitely upon the 
pianoforte, having a beautiful touch. He composed several 
well-known hymn tunes, perhaps the best known being the tune 

22^ Obituary. 

to ihat beautiful hymn " The day Thon gavest. Lord, is ended " ; 
the proceeds of a book of " Forty-one Hymn Tunes," recently 
published, were devoted by him to charitable institutions. 

Some of his delightful pianoforte solos unfortunately remain 
unpublished, and of several songs he only published four, of 
which ''An Elizabethan Valentine " and *' A Boat beneath the 
Sunny Sky " are two. 

Being ordained deacon in 1867, and priest in 1868, he 
became curate at Hove, Brighton, and afterwards for a while at 
St Peter's, Cranley Gardens, under the Honourable and Rev 
Francis Byng, the present Lord Strafford. 

It was here that he met Sir Arthur Sullivan, then the organist 
of that Church, who became his great friend, and who, struck 
by his musical ability, told him that he considered his talent so 
exceptional that had he not gone into the Church he would 
certainly have made a name for himself. 

From 1879 to 1880 he was at St Luke's, Chelsea, after which 
he went as a Conduct to Eton, where he remained for about ten 

He preferred this work at Eton to any other as he always 
took a very great interest in boys and young men, and in order 
to show the esteem in which he was held I cannot do better 
than quote part of a letter from the present Provost of Eton who 
knew him intimately, and in which he says, '* Mr Scholefield 

was very diligent in his duties and very kindly and 


He occasionally taught some of the Lower Forms in the 
School at the request of the Headmaster, and often prepared 
Eton boys for Confirmation. He was much respected and 

After leaving Eton he became Vicar of Holy Trinity, 
Knightsbridge, but in 1896, his health being bad, he resigned 
that living, and except for a weekly service in the City did no 
regular work afterwards. 

His two principal hobbies besides music were books and 
pictures, particularly water-colours, of both he had very fine 
collections ; he was fond of riding, and continued it almost to the 
day of his death. 

Obituary. 225, 

John Shapland Yeo M.A. 

By Ihe sudden and early death of John Shapland Yeo M.A^, 
who succumbed, after five days' illness, to an attack of pneu- 
monia at Carrington House, Fettes College, on November 24, 
tlie College has lost a very distinguished member and the 
scholastic world a unique personality. He was educated at 
Blundell's School, and gained a Minor Scholarship at St John*8 
on April 12, 1878. In June 1880 he was admitted a Founda-' 
tion Scholar. In the Mathematical Tripos of 1882 he was 
Second Wrangler, and became second Smith's Prizeman in the 
same year. In the following year he was elected to a Fellow- 
ship. From Cambridge he went direct to Fettes as an Assistant 
Master, and at Fettes he spent the rest of his all-too-short life* 
His first three years there he passed as a junior master in the 
School House, but at the early age of twenty-five he was appointed 
House Master at Carrington, in succession to the Rev W. A. 
Heard, the present Head Master, who was leaving to take up 
an appointment at Westminster. John Yeo ruled Carrington 
House for upwards of eighteen years, and few of the boys who 
passed through his hands failed to carry away with them some im- 
press of his remarkable personality. He was in his usual health 
and spirits a week before his death. Then he contracted a chill, 
which he neglected in characteristic fashion, until an actual 
breakdown in morning school made further resistance impos- 
sible. At first it was not thought that he was dangerously ill ; 
never a robust man, he was constantly subject to chills and 
influenza, and he confidently anticipated being able to be up 
and about in a short time. But double pneumonia set in, and 
in an appallingly short space of time — barely five days — he 
breathed his last. 

It is difficult to do justice to such a man, especially in 
a memorial notice, where superlatives are a commonplace and 
eulogy a matter of course. But it can truly be said that no man 
ever left behind him a larger number of intimate friends. He 
was literally the most universally beloved man we have ever 
known. As regards his mental attainments, it is sufficient to 
mention that he entered St John's a Classical Scholar and left 
Second Wrangler. He kept up his Classics too, as many a sixth 
form boy in difficulties with his Thucydides could testify. 

li6 Obituary. 

** Let*8 take it in to John Yeo '' was the invariable remark after 
a particularly unfruitful ''prep." His will and determination 
always achieved for him any object on which he had set his 
mind. He was not naturally athletic, but by sheer enthusiasm 
he made himself a first-class fives player and a cricketer of more 
than average merit. He believed that example was a better 
thing than precept, and he made a practice of choosing the 
wettest and most unpleasant days of the term for joining his 
house in their afternoon " run." And in games generally, as in 
all else, he was worth his place on any side, if only for the 
keenness and enthusiasm with which his very presence seemed 
to inspire friend and foe alike. 

As a teacher he was extraordinarily lucid, and possessed 
a rare power of compelling attention. He could keep a set of 
thirty or forty boys not only attentive but interested, while he 
set before them the exceedingly dry bones of elementary mathe- 
matics. He hardly ever had occasion to punish a boy in school : 
a word of reproach from him seemed in some mysterious 
way to have more effect than countless impositions or angry 
harangues from another man. He possessed in a remarkable 
degree the rare power of making people unconsciously do their 
best for him. The same remark applies to his management of 
his house. He had no hard and fast "rules." His boys 
enjoyed an unusual amount of liberty. He never discouraged 
healthy ''ragging"; and his confidence was seldom abused. 
Though he could be stern enough on occasion, he seldom 
actually punished a boy : the mere knowledge that "John Yeo 
would be rather sick about it " was sufficient to deter the most 
confirmed malefactor from any flagrant act of wrongdoing. He 
cultivated personal friendship with every member of his house, 
and many a boy who would have been thoroughly idle under 
a weak master and thoroughly obstinate under a harsh one 
would do anything for John Yeo from the mere desire tu please 

Of course he was not uniformly successful with all his boys, 
or he would have been more than human. He would take 
infinite pains with a stupid boy, apply good-humoured pressure 
to a lazy boy, and handle a vicious boy with wonderful insight 
and wisdom ; but he had no patience with the prig, the injured 
innocent, or the youthful cynic. Like all men who wear their 
hearts upon their sleeve, nothing galled him more than assumed 

Obiiuary. 227 

indifference or superiority in others. He hated a cynic almost 
as much as he loved an enthusiast, and the lofty-minded youth 
who adopted a "critical attitude'* towards his house and liis 
house master, or sneered at the enthusiasm of his fellows, was 
the one type of school boy with whom Yeo could not get on. 
But perhaps the boy who tried him most was the unresponsive 
boy. His own one weakness was a tendency to do too much 
for boys who responded readily to his breezy and enthusiastic 
temperament} and this occasionally roused the resentment — 
for school boys are jealous creatures-— of the taciturn boy, 
not necessarily sulky, but merely ''dour" and undemonstrative, 
who, with the best will in the world, is seldom desirous and 
never capable (especially if he has been born north of the 
Tweed) of laying bare his feelings to anyone, even one as 
sympathetic as John Yeo. A less conscientious man would 
have been untroubled by this, and would have been content to 
let the boy go his own way, but Yeo was never satisfied until 
he had fathomed the inmost soul of every member of his house, 
and the fact that he almost invariably succeeded made his 
occasional failures the more irksome to him. But John Yeo 
emerged triumphantly from the great test of a school master^s 
worth : the esteem in which his boys held him grew steadily as 
their years increased and their judgment ripened. Too often 
the boy finds that the master whose imposing presence or 
athletic prowess once loomed large on his youthful horizon 
grows more transparent and less imposing every year, till at 
last, to the more experienced eye of the " old boy," the man 
reveals himself for what he is — ^a hide-bound routineer or 
a small-minded tyrant. It was not so with John Yeo. Of 
course his methods of boy-management did not invariably 
meet with the enthusiastic approval of the boys themselves 
but in after years even those few— and they were very few— 
who, under the strain of constant supervision and occasional 
correction, had hitherto failed to appreciate their master at his 
right worth, never hesitated to recognise and acknowledge his 
high aims, his extraordinary influence in moulding character, 
and his absolutely selfless devotion to his work. 

He died as he would have wished to die — in harness : he was 
in school less than a week before his death. It is difiicult to 
estimate the greatness of his loss. It is not merely that the 
scholastic profession has lost a great teacher, or that Fettes has 

2j8 Ohihiary. 

}ost a great master ; it is something more than that. John Yeo 
was, as we have said, a unique personality. He lived on a 
higher plane than most men, yet no man was more human : 
he overflowed with boisterous high spirits, yet he could be the 
most sympathetic of listeners and the soberest of counsellors. 
He was the hardest of workers and the plainest of livers, yet he 
was the life and soul of the dinner-table and the smoking-room. 
His correspondence must have been enormous. He was the 
father-confessor of Fettesians innumerable, and remained so 
long after they had left school. He was rarely without an old 
boy in his house enjoying his hospitality. Carrington in his 
time became a sort of informal Old Fettesians' club, as the 
gatherings on Sunday afternoons and the annual "sing-song*' 
on the evening of Founder's Day attested. His place will 
indeed be hard to fill. Edinburgh Cathedral could scarcely 
contain those who came to do him honour at his funeral, and 
we can perhaps conjecture, from the size of that memorable 
assemblage, what the numbers of those must have been who 
were prevented, by conditions of time and space, from coming 
in person to render the last tribute of respect and regret. 

Perhaps his colleagues will miss him most. The priceless 
benefit conferred on Fettes by his twenty years of strenuous 
unselfish devotion can only be realised fully by those who 
worked with him. He was cut off in his prime — he was only 
forty-four — but the whole of his life had been given up to 
Fettes. Yet, premature and irreparable though his loss may 
have been, it can truly be said of him that he did not live in 
vain. For, great though the influence was which he exercised 
in his lifetime, it is possible that the future will show him to 
have been not merely a fine teacher and a successful house- 
master, but the founder of a tradition —a tradition of efficiency, 
of clean-living, and above all, to use one of his own favourite 
expressions, of *' heartiness" and " keenness." 

J. H. B. 

My acquaintance with Yeo dates from the first evening of the 
Michaelmas Term 1878. By an accident we sat together in 
Hall, and for the next four years, so long as we were in 
residence, we spent a considerable part of each day together. 
Yeo was educated at Blundell's School, Tiverton, and came up 

Ohiiuary. 229 

\irith a Minor Scholarship, as the first Mathematical Scholar of 
his year. He was elected a Foundation Scholar in 1879, and 
was first in all his College examinations. In 1882 he was 2nd 
Wrangler and 2nd Smith's Prizeman, and in the same year was 
elected a Fellow of the College. It was said that in 1878 he 
was 4th in the examination for Classical Scholarships, in the 
year when T. G. Tucker, who was afterwards Senior Classic, was 
3rd. It is certain that in his first term he attended the Classical 
lectures with the idea of taking a double degree, but for some 
reason unknown to me he decided to devote himself to 
Mathematics. As may easily be inferred, he had a considerable 
knowledge of Classics and literature in general. At this time his 
favourite novelists were Dickens, Blackmore, and George 
Macdonald, and his favourite poet Tennyson. 

He had a large circle of friends, who loved him for his loyal 
and generous nature, his simplicity and light-heartedness. his 
courage and lofty ideals. His laugh was good to hear, and made 
his gravity on rare occasions the more impressive. He worked 
very steadily for several hours every day, but, as the clock struck 
twelve on Saturday night he invariably put away all his work till 
Monday. Though he never paraded his religious convictions, 
they were very deep, and his disapproval of all that was mean 
and dishonourable was very marked. 

He soon decided to take up school work, for which he was 
admirably fitted, and went to Fettes in 1882. Of his work there 
it is for others to speak. After that date I only saw him five or 
six times, but always parted from him with the certain convic- 
tion that he would retain to the end the imperishable freshness 
of youth. He made many lives richer and fuller, and many will 
be the poorer now that he is dead. Some of us are content to 
live aimlessly, but he had a definite object before him, and this 
to do some active good in the world. Of him, if anyone, it may 
truly be said that he did not live in vain. 

J. C. Moss. 

Having been allowed to see my friend Moss's account of 
Yeo's College days, I find very little that I can add to it. There 
are, however, one or two points perhaps worth mentioning. 
Moss and Veo had neighbouring rooms at the top of H, New 
Court, and it was recognised that Yeo held Moss as the friend 
who had a paramount claim on him. But his rich vigorous 

2 30 Ohiiuary. 

nature made him enter with zest into other society and take part 
in some diversions in which Moss did not accompany him. 

We were often together on a Sunday evening in the rooms of 
Harold Cox, of Jesus, and there met Homersham Cox, of 
Trinity, Charles Whibley, Peiris, Theodore Beck, and other men 
well known in the University then or since. Occasionally Yeo 
attended debates at the Union or in the St. John's Debating 
Society. In the latter on 15 November 1879 he spoke in a quiet» 
amusing way •'as a sentimental man" in favour of a motion 
proposed by T. G. Tucker against the higher education of 
women. In the General Election of 1880 he interested himself 
in the fortunes of the Conservative candidate at Stroud. Though 
his home was then in Gloucestershire, his school time had made 
him an ardent Devonian, and the mere mention of Exmoor, 
Bideford, or Clovelly, was always enough to kindle his 

He had to go home at the end of May 1880, in consequence 
of his father's death, but returned for the May Examinations. 

Though not what one may call a professional athlete (in 
spite of his big build), he played tennis in summer and skated at 
Grantchester in the hard winter we had then, and was fond of a 
long walk. One I remember by Haslingfield, Barrington, and 
Harston, on which he was much interested in Haslingfield 

The general impression he made (though here I only repeat 
what has been said before) was that of a singularly modest, 
noble nature, overflowing with life and energy and hearty 
laughter, yet deeply reverent and tender, strong in every kind of 
strength, and ever recognizing the call to befriend and protect 
the weak. 

G. C. M. S. 

The most striking thing about John Yeo was the strenuousness 
and earnestness underlying a hearty and often hilarious manner. 
Full of chaff, bubbling over with fun, he never lost his dignity. 
At heart he was intensely serious : I can hear now his quiet, 
awestruck tone in chapel, every word distinct, but almost 
whispered. It was always so when he was deeply moved : at 
a house supper, in talking over a serious question, his words 
were so low that but for his distinctness they would have been 
inaudible. Here you have two extretnes : on one hand a quiet 

OUluury. 231 

seriousness that was the keynote of his life; on the other a 
hearty cheeriness, a keen enjoyment of the moment. 

There must be hundreds of old Fettesians who regarded John 
Yeo as one of their best friends : dozens who came back again 
and again merely to see him : to whom keeping in touch with 
Fettes meant keeping in touch with him. Any Sunday after- 
noon during term you would find them at Carrington. He had 
the power of inspiring their affection to an extraordinary degree- 
The annual visit to the Lakes was a great event. Some half- 
dozen Old Fettesians and about the same number of boys 
assembled every year at the end of the summer term at a farm 
house on Windermere as Yeo*s guests. It was not really a 
cricket XI., and prowess at the game was in no way essential, 
but they got to be known as the Fettes Wanderers, and played 
Kendal, the Old Sedberghians, Windermere, and Ambleside. 
The mornings were spent in bathing, boating, and endless tip- 
and-run on the plot of grass in front of the house. Yeo was 
the life and soul of the party always. It was a delightful week. 
This illustrates well how he kept Old Fettesians in touch with 

Few people would suspect Yeo of lying awake all night 
pondering over the best way to treat a boy who was showing a 
disposition to kick over the traces. It was in keeping with his 
scrupulous conscientiousness. In dealing with boys he was 
more than just. He often talked to them at great length, and 
relied on an appeal to their good feeling and common sense 
rather than on punishment. He saw possibilities for good where 
other men were hopeless. ''The boy is doing the school harm ; 
he ought to go," was not Yeo's point of view. •* If the school 
is doing him any good, he ought to stay," he insisted. 

He lived a strenuous life and got through an extraordinary 
amount of work. He did not know what it was to be slack. I 
do not mean that he denied himself the ordinary pleasures of 
life. But even in those sleepy after-lunch times on Sunday 
afternoons at Carrington, he was full of enthusiasm and life. 
Always alive, always keen, he never wasted a moment. 

I have rambled on and hardly know where to stop. I suppose 
Fettes owes more to John Yeo than to any other man. I have 
often thought of him since his death, but never without saying 
to myself, " Well done, John Yeo 1 " 

F. E. E. 

2^2 Oii/uary, 

The following members of the College have died during 
the year 1904 ; the year in brackets is that of the B.A. degree : 

Rev James Allen Appleton (i860), son of the Rev James Appleton (of St 
Juhu's, B.A. 1828), bora 6 July 1837 at St Neots, Hunts, of which his 
father was Vicar. Curate of Limber Magna, Lincolnshire 1862-66; of 
Neston, Cheshire 1866-67; of Kirkburton, Yorks 1867-68; of Worksop 
1868-70; ofCropwell Bishop, Notts 1870-79; of Westborough, Lincoln- 
shire 1879-85: ofBurnham Sutton, Norfolk i8b6-98; of Teriington St 
Clement 1898- 1 903. Latterly resided at The Homes of St Barnabas, 
near East Grinstead ; died there 22 July, aged 67. 

Rev William Auden (1856), son of William Auden, of Rowley Regis, 
Staffordshire, baptized at Rowley Regis 13 July 1834. Vicar of 
Church Broughton, Staffordshire 1864-1904. Died at the Vicarage 
28 January, aged 69. Mr Auden mariied 7 August 1861 at Dunstall, 
Burton on Tient, Jane eldest daughter of William Hopkins esq. of The 
Old Hall, Duustall. 

Rev William Slacke Barnes- Slacke (1869 as Barnes), son of John Barnes, 
surgeon, bora in the parish of St Thomas, Ardwick, Lancashire 22 
October 1845 ; educated at Owen's College, Manchester. Curate of 
Chorley, Lancashire 1870-77 ; Vicar of St John Liudow, died at his 
residence, Fulshaw House, Wilmslow 3 November. 

Rev Robert Barry (1848), son of Robert Barry, shipbuilder, bora 19 December 
1821 at Whiiby, Yorkshire. Curate of St Pancras 1847-50; Rector of 
Hinderwell, Yorks 1850-51 ; Rector of North Tuddenham, near Dereham 
185 1- 1904. Died 15 August, aged 83. 

Rev Stafford Bateman (1850), son of the Rev Gregory Bateman, Rector of 
Easton near Stamford, born at Easton in 1828; educated at Stamford 
School. Vicar of South Scarle, Notts, 1857-71; Rector of Yarburgh 
near Louth 1871-1904. Died 10 October, aged 76. 

Rev John Charles Blissard (1858). Died 9 July at his residence 9 Victoria 
Square, Reading, aged 69 (see p. 80}. 

Samuel Blows (1884), son of William Blows, farmer, of Welney, Norfolk, 
baptised at Welney 10 August 1862. Served as a pupil teacher at 
Appleby, Westmorland, under the Rev Hartley Jennings; he then 
became a student at St Mark's Trainuig College for teachers, Chelsea 
and there won first-class honours. He entered St John's in 1881 and at 
the same time took up an appointment as assistant master at the 
Cambridge Higher Grade School. After taking his degree he went back 
to St Mark's at Chelsea and became headmaster of the Upper School, 
and while he was thus engaged took the degree of B.Sc. at the University 
of London. Afterwards he was lecturer at the Cusack Institute, 
Moorfields, in psychology, botany, School method and Anglo-Saxon, 
and wrote textbooks for the Institute on all those subjects except school 
method. He was Principal of Eton House School, Southena on Sea 
1 900- 1904. He died at Eton House, Victoria Avenue, Southend 
5 February. 

Rev Robert Edward Briggs (1874), son of Robert Briggs of Four Lane 
Ends, builder, born 8 June 1851 at Stand, co Lancaster; educated at 
Manchester Grammar School. Curate of Stokesley 1874 82 ; of 
Hunmanby, Yorks 1882-88; Vicar of Misterton near Gainsborough 
1889-1904. Died 7 November, suddenly. 

Rev John William Broome (1858), son of John William Broome, solicitor, 
born at Oldham, Lancashire, in 1834. Entered St John's 6 July 1854, 
but migrated to Sidney Sussex, from which College he took his degree. 

Obituary. 233 

and where he was a scholar. Cnrate of Chipping 1858-61 ; of Haslingdea 
Grane, Lancashire 1861-72; of Ash ton under Lyne 1872-78; Vicar of 
Holy Trinity, Ashton under Lyne 1878-97 ; latterly resided at Stonelea, 
Acton Turnlle, Chippenham. Died there 17 September. 

Rev Andrew Bum (1848), son of the Rev Andrew Bum of Lower Claybrook, 
CO Leicester, bora 23 May 18 19. Curate of Broseley 1845*51 ; 
Incumbent of St Mary, Jackfield, Salop 1851-52; Church Missionary 
Society's Missionary at Hyderabad 1853-05 ; Curate of Kinuersby, Salop 
1865-74 ; Rector of Kinnersby 1874-1893. Latterly resided at Todlands, 
Goldsmith's Avenue, Acton. Died there 27 January, aged 88. See 
Bagl4, XXV, p. 332. 

Frederick Wildman Bnmett (1845), third son of John Fassett Burnett, of 
May Place, Crayford, Kent, born 2 December 182 1, educated at Harrow 
School. Admitted a student of Lincoln's Lin 22 May 1846, called to the 
Bar 8 Tune 1849. He was one of the original members of the Inns of 
Court Volunteers. He practised as a conveyancing barrister and never 
went into court, enjoying the distinction of practising as a barrister for 
52 years without ever putting on a wig and gown. He was for many 
years standing Counsel to the Clergy Mutual Insurance Office. He 
retired from business in 1901. He died 26 July at his residence Hurst 
View, Totland Bay, Isle of Wight, aged 82. Mr Burnett married 
6 October 1859 at Hove, Henrietta Wedderbura, youngest daughter of 
James Henry Crawford, of Branswick Place, Hove, and late of the 
Bombay Civil Service (Mr Crawford was many years in the service of the 
Old East India Company, and latterly a member of their Council at 

Rev Frederick Bumside (1869). See p. 78. There has recently been 
published VUlagt Sermons^ by the Rev. F. Bumside, with a brief 
memoir by one of his sons. 

Dr Edmund Carver (1858), M.D. See p. 83. 

Rev Frederic Case (1872), son of Tohn Case, solicitor, of Maidstone, Kent, 
bom in 1849. Educated at Bromsgrove School. Mathematical Master 
at Bromsgrove School 1872-74; Curate of Claverdon, Warwickshire 
1874-75; Mathematical and Modem Master of the King's School, 
Wat wick 1875-76; Second Master of King Edward's School, Stratford 
on Avon i87b-77 ; Headmaster of De Aston School, Market Rasen 
1877-80; Curate of Higbgate 1880-82; L.D.H.M. for the school church 
Sardinia Street 1882 84 ; Chaplain of the Church of SS Peter and 
Sigfrid, Stockholm 1884-89; Vicar of Tudeley w. Capel, Kent 1889-94; 
Vicar of Holy Trinity, East Peckham, Kent 1894.98; Vicar of St 
Margaret's, Dover 1898- 1904. Died at the Vicarage 18 May, aged 55. 
Mr Case was twice martied, (i) on 27 June 1874 at All Saints, Maidstone, 
to Anna, daughter of J. Monckton esq. of Maidstone, and (2) on 
23 November 1881 at St Michael's, Highgate, to Henrietta, third 
daughter of the late Professor Macrobin, of Aberdeen. 

Rev John Chambers (1852), son of Mark John Chambers, of Newark. 
Senior Mathematical Master Durham School 1859-60; Head Master of 
the King's School, Ely 1861-69; Senior Mathematical Master of 
Manchester Grammar School 1871-90; Vicar of Woodhead near 
HadHeld, Manchester 1877- 1904. Died at the Vicarage 2 July, aged 76. 
Mr Chambers married 31 December 1864 at St Mary the Less, Durham, 
Georgiana Lambton, youngest daughter of the late T. Marsden esq of 
Durham. See p. 214. 

Rev Joseph Rhodes Charlesworth (1847), son of Joseph Charlesworth of 
Holmfirth, Yorks (who died at Eldon House, Holmnrth 10 April 185s, 
a|;ed 59), bom at Holmfirth 17 November 1820. Curate of Datficid, 

234 Ofnttiary. 

Tories 1847.50; Vicar of LinUiwaite,Yorks 1850-54; Rector of Elstead 
near Godalming 1854-1904. Died at the Rectory %i September, aged 
83. Mr Charlesworth was twice married, he married first m 185 1, Eliza, 
daughter of Mr Benjamin Micklethwait, of BiUingly Hall» and secondly 
on II October i860 at Milford near Godalming, F/ances Charlotte 
Elizabeth Gray, second daughter of the Rev Henry Hjray ; the second 
Mrs Charlesworth was a sister of the eighth Earl of j^tamford, and aunt 
of the present peer. 

Rev Francis Cooper (1865), son of Charlts Cooper, bom at Bury, Suffolk 
I April 1829. Educated at King's College, London, of which he 
became an Associate in i860. He incorporated at Trinity College, Dublin 
and was B.D. 1877 and D.D. 1879 there. Curate of St Paul's, Southport 
1864.69 ; of St James Birkdale 1869.72 ; Vicar of St Peter's, Birkdale, 
Southport 1872-1904. Died at the Vicarage 26 February, aged 73. 
St Peter's was made an independent parish in 1875. ^^ Cooper was 
largely responsible for the erection of the church, the schools and the 
vicarage. During his incumbency of 30 years he saw his charge grow 
to a population of over 10,000. 

Rev Henry Taylor Cordeaux (1858), son of the Rev James Cordeaux, 
bom at Foston, co Leicester 24 December 1832 ; his father was sometime 
Vicar of St Silas', Liverpool, and afterwards Rector of Hooton Roberts, 
Yorkshire. Entered St John's from the Liverpool Collegiate SchooL 
Curate of Luton, Beds 1857-59: of Chevening, Kent 1859.64; of 
Croydon 1864-66; of West Wickham, Kent 1866.68; Vicar of 
Kilnhurst, Yorks 1868-82; Rector of Boothby Graffoe, near Lincoln 
1882-1904. Died 16 Febmary, aged 71, of heart failure, after a serious 
surgical operation. Both at the University and during the forty-seven 
years of nis ministry he led a quiet uneventful life, beloved bv all his 
friends and parishioners. His parochial work was marked by the nicest 
conscientiousness, the utmost gentleness, and the purest unselfishness. 
Mr Cordeaux married 14 November 1871 at Thribergh, Sophia, second 
daughter of the late J. Fullerton esq of Thtibergh Park. 

Rev Samuel Francis Cresswell (1859). Rector of North Repps ; died at the 
Rectory 24 March, aged 70 See EagU xxv, 239. 

Rev John Burton D'Aguilar (1840). Vicar of Ash wick, Somerset ; died at 
the Vicarage 20 May, aged 87. See p. 77. 

Alan William Owen Davys (matriculated 1876, but did not graduate), 
second son of Canon Owen William Davys, Rector of Wheatharopstead, 
Herts (of St John's, B.A. 1851), baptized 2 February 1858 at Stilton, 
Hunts. Died 28 December at Pahargoomiah tea estate, India. 

Edward Docker (1838), son of Thomas Docker, of Moseley, near 
Birmingham. Admitted a Fellow of the College 7 April 1840. Soon 
after taking his degree he left Cambridge to take up an appointment in 
the London Life Association, 81, King William Street, E.C. In 1847 
he was appointed Actuary and Secretary, which post he held till June 
1890. He then retired and lived very qmetly, seldom leaving his garden. 
He died at his residence Dudley House, Spring Grove, Isleworth, 
31 March, aged 88. 

Rev Philip Ellis (1873), son of Philip Parsell Ellis, of Herbrandston Hall, 
Milford Haven, born 22 October 1848 at Haverford West. Curate of 
Lye, Worcestershire 1873-74; of Alveston, Warwickshire 1874.76; 
ot Bromsgrove 1877.79; of St John Baptist, Leamington 1879-82; 
Vicar of Long Compton, Warwickshire 1882-85; Vicar of Walsgrave, 
Warwickshire 1885.95; Vicar of ICirkwhelpington, near Newcastle 
on Tyne 1895. 1904. Died at the Vicarage 2 April, aged 55. 

Obituary. 235 

William Justice Ford (1876); died 3 April at 36, Abington Mansion^, 
Kensington, aged 50. See Eagle, xxv, 337. 

Rev George Henry Russell Garcia (1892), son of Charles Henry Russell 
Garcia; born 29 August 1869 at Southampton; educated at Taunton 
School and Cheshunt College. After leaving College he became 
minister of the Union Congregational Church (The Royalty) at Sunder- 
land in April 1893. He was a born preacher and attracted immense 
congiegations. He was also a regular contributor to the Christian 
World, He was the centre of much of the religious and philanthropic 
movements at Sunderland ; establishing a home for Waifs and Strays and 
founding a Home for Friendless Girls. In 1903 he was asked to accept 
the pastorate of Trinity Church, Glasgow. His health broke down under 
the strain of his labours, and he died at Dresden 24 Februaiy, aged 34. 
He was buried at Sunderland (see Eagle zxv, 340). 

Rev Adam Charles Gordon (1856), son of Captain Robert Gumming 
Hamilton Gordon ; baptized at St Mary's, Tenby, 3 March 1833. Mr 
Gordon rowed **four." in the second Lady Margaret Boat in the May 
Term 1855. Curate of Holy Trinity, Coventry 1857-59; of Plemstall, 
Cheshiie 1859-60; of Bodies ton 1861-67; Rector of Dodleston, near 
Chester 1867-1904. Died at the Rectory 8 January, aged 70. Mr 
Gordon manied 9 October 1866 at St Oswald's, Chester, Georgians 
Frances, youngest daughter of the Very Rev Francis Anson, Dean of 

Rev Arthur Coles Haviland (1853% son of John Haviland M.D., Regtuft 
Professor of Physic ; bom in St Giles* parish, Cambiidge, 20 March 1831. 
Fellow of the College 1853-68; Curate of Colnbrook, Bucks. 1855-58; 
Perpetual Curate of St John, Bodle-street Giecn, Sussex 1858-64; Vicar 
of Horniugsey 1864-68; Rector of Lilley, near Luton, Beds. 1868-1904. 
Died at the Rectory 9 January. Mr Haviland married 2 June 1870 at 
Beddington, Jane Mary, fourth daughter of the Rev C. W. Knyvelt, 
Rector of Heslerton. 

Rev Henry Haworth (1878), son of the Rev William Haworth, Vicar of Fence 
in Pendle Forest (of St John's B.A. 183 1), baptized at Fence 24 July 
1856 ; educated at Clitheroe Grammar School ; Curate of St George's, 
Leeds, 1884-91 ; Vicar of Altham, Lancashire, 1891-96 ; Vicar of 
Padiham, near Burnley, 1896-1904. Died 27 December, aged 48. Mr 
Haworth served on the Burnley Board of Guardians for three years, and 
took a keen interest in educational matters. 

Rev William Robinson Hopper (1869), son of George Hopper, timber 
merchant and ironmonger, baptized at Houghton-le-Spring 2 January 
1836. Curate of Hendon, Durham 1869-72; of Gosforth, Northumber- 
land 1872-79; of Sadberge, co. Duiham 1879-81; of Redcar 1881-85; of 
Holy Trinity, Wakefield 1886-89; of Heversham, Westmorland 1889-96; 
Vicar of Kirkbride, near Carlisle 1896-1904. Died 20 October, aged 72. 
Mr Hopper married 23 November 187 1 at St George's, Dublin, Kathleen 
Grace, second daughter of Daniel Nugent esq., of Upper Temple Street, 
Dublin, Ute of Killesler Abbey. 

Ronald William Henry Tumbull Hudson (Senior Wrangler 1898); son of 
William Henry Hoar Hudson (of St John's B.A. i86i) and Mary Watson 
Tumbull, born 16 July 1876, at i Trumpington Street, Cambridge. 
Educated at Halbrake School, Westminster and St Paul's School, 
London. Fellow of St John's and Mathematical Lecturer at Liverpool. 
College. Killed in an accideut ou Glydyr Fawr, Wales 20 September 
(see p. 73). 

236 Ob Hilary, 

Rev Frederic Jackson (1840), son of the Rev Jeremiah Jackson, Vicar of E]m 
near Wisbech (of St John's B.A. 1797), bom at Wisbech, St Pelcr's, 
CO Cambridge 2 August 18 18, educated at Uppingham School. Curate 
of Elm, CO. Cambridge 1842-43; Vicar of Parsons Drove near Wisbech 
1844- 1904. Died 12 October, aged 87. He "^MxsAatt^ Practical Sermons^ 
first series 1850, second series 1853. 

Rev Daniel Lcdsam (1835), son of Daniel Ledsam esq of Birmingham' 
educated privately by the Rev John Nunn M.A. (of St John's). 
Perpetual Curate of St Mark's, Birmingham 1841-68; Curate of Limpley 
Stoke 1868-70; Vicar of St John the Evangelist, HoUington, Sussex 
1870-78. Latterly resided at Ashbrook Lodge, HoUington, near St 
Leonards-on-Sea. Died there 14 December, aged 91. 

Rev John Hanley Lowe (1839), born in Shropshire, educated at Rugeley 
School. Perpetual Curaie of Grindleton, Yorks, 1841-44 ; Vicar of 
Abbats Bromley, Staffordshire 1844-89. Latteily resided at The Red 
House, Barkway, Royston. Died there 15 August, aged 91. 

Charles Merivale (1877), son of the Very Rev Charles Merivale, Rector of 
Lawford, and afterwards Dean of Ely ; born at Lawford Rectory 9 June 
1854, educated at Haileybury College. Articled to a firm of solicitors at 
Newcastle-on-Tyne ; admitted a Solicitor in 1880. In November 1882 
he was appointed a clerk to the Chancery Registiars. Died 18 May at 
18 Norfolk Crescent, London, W. Mr Merivale married 28 December 
1889, Elizabeth Phebe, daughter of the late H. A. Bright esq, of 
Ashfield, Liverpool. 

Rev Henry Murray (1845), last surviving son of General John Murray. Died 
at Blackheaih 13 November 1904, aged 87. Mr Murray's death was 
prematurely announced in the EagU zziv, 248, as having taken place on 
f 1 October 1902, on the authority of a paragraph in The Cambridge 

Thomas Edward Nevin (1875), son of the Rev Thomas Ncvin (of St John's, 
B.A. 1834), born at Miifield, Yorks, 16 October 1852, educated at 
St Petei's School, York. Admitted a Solicitor in 1877, admitted 
a partner in the firm of Tennant, Nevin, and Greenwood, in 1879, at 
Mit field. He held many public offices at Mirfield, among others those 
of Clerk to the Miifield Grammar School, and Honorary Secretary to the 
Calder Farm Reformatory, and he was Clerk to the Dawgreen Exnibition 
Fund until the Wheelwright Grammar School was established. Died 
21 March at his re<iidence The Hagg, Mirfleld, aged 54. Mr Nevin 
married Miss Helena Swift, who survives him. His brother, Mr John 
Nevin, is a colliery proprietor at Mu-field. 

Rev Humphry Noble (1859), son of the Rev John Noble, bom at Burslem, 
StafTordkhire, 27 January 1836, educated at Rossall School. Curate of 
Christ Church, Newark, 1861-63; of Christ Church, Worthing 1863-65; 
of Great Baddow, Essex 1867 ; Rector of South Cioxton, Leicestershii e 
1868-93 ' latterly resided at 25 Alexandra Road, Leicester. Died there 
20 March, aged 68. Mr Noble married 30 May 1861 at Athlone, Ireland, 
Maria Eliza, dauffhter of Robert Wood, of Acton and Upton, Canada ; 
she was bom at Quebec 26 April 1844, died 30 June 1891, and wai 
buried at Croxton (see Eagle xxv, 334). 

Rev William Pilling (1852), third son of James Pilling, cotton spinner, 
Bridgefold; baptized at Rochdale 12 February 1829. Curate of W bailey 
1852-54; Perpetual Curate of Grimsargh, Lancashire 1854-65; Vicar of 
Arnesby, Leicestershire 1865-74; Vicar of Ribbleton, near Preston 
1884-1904. Died at Mooi field 19 May, aged 75. Mr Pilling married 
26 June 185 1 at Cadiiey, Lincolnshire, Mary Allin, only daughter of the 
late Thomas Armilstead, f>f Blackburn. 

Obituary. 537 

Rev Abraham Daniel Reece (1869), son of the Rev Abraham Reece, Rector 
of Christ Church, Barbados; bom 27 December 1845, baptized Si 
January 1846 in Chiist Church, Barbados. Curate of St John, Dai wen 
1870-71; of Cheddar 1871*77; Vicar of West Hatch, near Taunton 
1880-1904. Died at the Vicarage 2O November, aged 58. 

Rev George Richardson (i860). Formerly Fellow and late Mathematical 
Master at Winchester College ; died 15 January at 25 Talbot Square W. 
Mr Richardson married 13 August 1867 ^^ St Maiy's, Islington, Sarah, 
eldest daughter of Richard Porter esq, of White Hall, Homsey Lane and 
47 Wood Street, London £.C. (see MagU xxv, 194). 

Rev Thomas Roach (1865), son of the Rev William Harris Roach (of 
Pembroke B.A. 1838) ; bom at Pains wick, co. Gloucester, where his 
father was curate, baptized there 28 June 1842 ; educated at Matlborough 
College. He was for some time a Master at Lincoln School, then an 
Assistant Master at Repton School 1870-74, then an Assistant Master at 
Clifton College from 1875 to 1877. He latterly resided at The Mount, 
Twyford, near Winchester; died there 12 November, aged 62. Mr 
Roach was in holy orders, but an infirmity of speech was against his 
success in the Church. In Hampshire he came into some note by his 
defence of the right of way in a lane by which the body of William Rufus 
was brought to Winchester. The County Council took the case up and 
won it ; but the next day Mr Roach had notice to quit from the baffled 
landlord. Mr Roach was a contributor to the Mathematical pages 
of The Educaiional Times. 

William Robert Roper (1868), son of Robert Roper, surgeon, bom 5 August 
1845 at Rickinghall Inferior, Suffolk. His father was a medical 

Eractitioner in Cambridge. Mr W. R. Roper took the degree of M.D. at 
Dublin University. He practised for many years in Cambridge and held 
several public offices, he was Medical Officer to the Great Northern 
Railway and to the Chesterton Union, he was a prominent Freemason. 
Died I X March at his residence 3 Camden Place, Regent's Street, Cam* 
bridge, aged 58. 

Rev Holland Sandford (1847), son of the Rev Humphrey Sandford, of the Ihle 
of Rossal, and incumbent of Edgton, Salop; bom 2 June 1823. Second 
Master of Whitchurch Grammar School i847»58 ; Curate of Press, Salop 
1852-53; of Ripponden 1859; Rector of £alon-under-Hey wood, Salop 
X860-1900. Died 23 November at Church Strctton. 

Reuben Saward (1870), son of Henry Saward, bom at Bocking, Essex 1837. 
Sometime a Fellow of the College. Was for a short time an Assistant 
Master at Shrewsbuiy School. Then engaged in private tuition in 
London. He managed the affairs of an elderly gentleman who left him 
his property at his decease. Died 29 January at Bocking, Church Street, 
aged 60. 

Rev Clement Cotterill Scholefield (1864), son of William Scholefield M.P.,of 
Birmingham, baptized at St Philip's, Birmingham, 30 October 1839. 
Curate of Hove-next -Brighton 1867-70; of St Peter's, South Kensington 
1870-78; of St Luke's, Chelsea 1870-80; Conduct of Eton College 
1880*90; Lecturer of St Mary-le-Bow, London 1887-99; Vicar of Holy 
Trinity, Knightsbiidge 1890-95. Latterly resided at Bel grave Mansions, 
Grosvenor Gardens, London S.W. Died 10 September, suddenly, at 
Woodcote, Frithhill, Godalming, aged 64. B^ his will he bequeathed 
^700 to charities, the ultimate residue of his estate being left for 
division between the Universal Benevolent Society, Gordon Boys* Home, 
Royal College of Music, Railway Benevolent Fund, and King Edward's 
Hospital Fund. He left property of the gross value of ;f 53,197. 

*0L. XXVI. H 

238 Obituary. 

Venerable John William Sheiingbam (1842), son of John Slieiiugbam esq, 
uf Someisel Street, Portman Square, London, Solicitor. Bom ao 
February 1820. Died 6 February at Gloucester (see EagU xxv, 326). 

Rev Benjamin Brandreth Slater (1877), son of James Slater, frame-work 
knitter, baptised at Sutton in Ashfield, Notts, 6 July 1834. He left 
tiade at the a^e of 24, was then for two years at the Worcester Diocesan 
Training College. He was then appointed Master of the National 
Schools at Sutton in Ashfield. His wife succeeding to a fortune, he 
entered the College with the view of being ordained. Curate of Beeston, 
Notts 1877-78 ; of Owlerton, Yorks 1878-79 ; Vicar of St Bartholomew's, 
Sheffield 1880-1904. Died 28 January at his residence, Upperihorpe, 
Sheffield, aged 69. He was the nrst Vicar of St Bartholomew's. During 
his vicariate Parish Rooms and Sunday Schools, adjoining the Church, 
and a Large Hall were built at a cost of neatly £2000, He is described 
as a scholarly man, diligent in pastoral work and unobtrusive in manner. 
He leaves a widow, a daughter, and two sons. Of the latter, the eldest, 
Mr G. W. O. Slater, is a doctor at Warley in Essex ; the second son, 
the Rev Bertram Benjamin Slater (of Trinity, B.A. 1893), is Vicar of 
All Saints', Peckham. 

Rev John Bainbridge Smith (1844), bom at Horncastle, Lincolnshire. 
Sometime Mathematical Master at the Royal Naval School, New Cross ; 
then Professor of Mathematics and Vice-President of King's College, 
Nova Scotia; Curate of Ranby, Lincolnshue; Rector of Sotby, Lin- 
colnshire 1854-60; Perpetual Curate of Market Stainton, Lincolnshire 
1863-80; Consular Chaplain at Smvma 1880-90. Latterly resided at 
XI, Calverley Park, Tunbiidge Wells. Died there x6 June, aged 82. 
Mr Smith published English Orders, Whence obtained, 1894. 

Rev John William Spencer (1859), son of the Rev James Spencer, Curate of 
Turton, Lancashire, baptised at Turton 8 June 1831 ; educated at the 
Grammar School, Boltou-le-Moors. Curate of Kirkby, Lancashire, 
1859-61; of Eccleston 1861-66; of Dendron, Lancashire 1866-71; 
Vicar of Great Sankey, Cheshire 1871-79; Vicar of Turton, Lancashiie 
1879-99. Latterly resided at The Old Parsonage, Turton ; died xo Januaiy 
at Blackpool, aged 72. 

Rev Henry Charles Plumer Stedman (1872), son of the Rev Henry Plumer 
Stedman (of St John's, B.A. 1845), ^^^'n at Great Budworih 11 Octubrr 
1848, where his lather was Curate, and baptized there 5 November 1843. 
Mr Stedman was a Cricket Blue; he played for Canibiidge against 
Oxford at Lords on 26 and 27 June 187 1, when Cambridge were beaten. 
Mr Stedman's scores were, in the Brst innings, i, not out ; in the second 
innings, 22, bowled Butler. He is desciibed (in M,C\C\ Critket Scores 
and Biographies xii, 120) as "a good average batsman, a fast round- 
armed bowler, fielding generally at cover point. Height 5 ft. 7 in. ; 
weight 10 St. 7 lbs." Curate of St George, Everlon 1872-73 ; Curate 
and Lecturer of Walton-on-the-Hill, Lancashire 1873-75; Curate of 
Flitton, Beds, 1876-82 ; Rector of Leire, near Lutterworth 1882-1904. 
Died at the Rectory 30 July, aged 55. 

Rev Edward Peche Stock (185X), son of the Rev John Slock (of St John's, 
B.A. 18 16), Vicar of Finching5eld, Essex ; born in the parish of St Maiy, 
Stratford-le-Bow 30 October 1826. Curate of Radcliffe, Lancashire 
*854-57; Rector of Windermere 1857-1904; Honoraiy Canon of 
Cailisle 187 1-1904; Rural Dean of Ambleside; Sunogate for the 
diocese of Carlisle 1857- 1904. Died at Windeimcre Rectory 16 October, 
a^-cd 77. 

Ohiluary, 239 

Rev Cliarlea J^mes Stoddart (1868), son of the Rev Willi.un Sloddart, 
baptized at Willini»ton, Deibyshiie, 29 August 1846. Cutnte of Hatch- 
ford 1869-71; of Wybunbuiy 1871-73; of Askliam Kichaid 1873-75; 
of Askern 1888-92; Vicar of Ottiinghain, near Hull 1894-1904. Divd 
at the Vicarage 10 June, a^^ed 58. 

Sandford Aithur Strong (1884), son of Thomas Banks Strong. Civil Servant, 
Horse Guards, bom in Brompton 12 July 1863; educated at St Paul's 
School. Librarian to the House of Lords. Died 18 January (see Eagle 
XXV, 190). 

Rev Frederick Taunton (1841), son of Thomas Henry Taunton, Solicitor, 
born at Oxford 12 September 181 5. Curate of Hammersmith 1844-53 ; 
of Upwell, Norfolk 1853-55; Vicar of Kingswood, near Epsom 1876- 
1901. Died 6 May at Kingswood Vicarajje, aged 88. Mr Taunton 
married first in February 1842 Ann RoUa, daughter of the Kev WilHiini 
Garnett (of Magdalen Hall, Oxford. B.A.. 179 ); she died 2 July 1862. 
He married secondly, 6 Januaiy 1870. Flora Charlotte, daughter of Joha 
Wilde, of Cioydon, Commissaiy General. 

Rev Thomas Maylin Thced (LL.B. 1855), son of Willinm Thecd of Hilton, 
Hunts, baptized at Hilton 24 January 1829. Curate of Ilkley, Yorks 
1858-59; of Bifthop Midillehaiii, Duiham 1859-61; Vicar of Westou 
1861-71; Vicar of Buslingthorpe, Yorks 1X7180; Vicar of NoitU 
Feriiby, Yorks 1880-98. Latteily resided at Daisy Bank, Leyburn, 
Yurks ; died there 20 October, aged 75. 

Rev Samuel Trueman (1847), son of the Rev Samuel Trueman, a distinguished 
Congiegational Minister, bom at East Ketfurd, Notts 7 July 1824. 
Educated at King's College, London. Curate of Trimmingham, Norfo.k 
1849-51; of Banninghani, Noifulk 1851-56; Head Master of the Fiee 
School, Ormskiik, 1856-59; Kector of Nempiiett, Somerset 1859 86. 
Mr Trueman's end was a sad one ; after resigning Nempnett he met with 
reverses of fortune which left him penniless, and he was compelled to take 
refuge in the Workhouse at Clutton, Somerset, where be died 29 June, 
aged nearly 80. In early life his gift of pulpit eloquence marked him as 
a man of great promise ; many of his sermons, it is said, were printed, and 
he also wiote and publi&hed a number of tracts. Oddly enough he 
formeily presided as Chairman of the Board of Guardians over the very 
institution in which, during the last twelve years of his life, he found 
a home. |Ie was buiied at Nempnett. 

Rev John Walker (i844\ son of John Walker, merchant and brewer of 
Malton, Yorks, born at Malton ix April 1821, educated at Wakefield 
and Grantham Schools. Curate of Sliugsby, Yoiks 1844-45; of 
Burslem 1845-46; Peq^etual Curate of East Knottingley 1846.48; 
of St Botolpb, Knottingley 1848-52 ; of Old Malton 1855-64; Rector cf 
Biadwell, near Great Yarmouth 1864-1904. Died at the Rectory 
5 November, aged 83. Mr Walker mariied, first on the 26 September 
1846 at Trinity Church, Gainsborough, Hannah, daughter of RichiUil 
Fuiley, of Gainsborough, he mariied secondly 28 April 1854 at the parish 
church, Hampstead, Louisa Gertrude, daughter of Basil George Woodd. 

Rev William Alexander Webber (1875), third son of the Rev Edward 
Alexander Webber, baptized at Runnington, Somerset, 24 Febiuaiy 
1852. Curate of St James*, Glouce<iter 1876-77 ; Rector of Runnington, 
Somerset, and Chaplain to the Wellinjgton Union 1877-96; Rector 
of Brent Elci^h, near Lavenham, Sufiolk 1896-1904. Died at the 
Rcctoiy 2 Sejitemher, aged 52. 

24o Ohiiuary, 

Rer James Wilson (1875), son of Jo^n Wilson, farmer, bom »t Kirkhampton^ 
Cumberland in 1852 ; educated at St Bees School. Curate of Marske 
by the Sea 1875-77 ; of Noimanton, Yoiks 1877-81 ; Chaplain, under the 
additional Clergy Society, at Saidpore 1881-82; Midna|>oie 1882-84; 
Asansol 1884-85; Curate of St Paul, Sculcoates, Hull 1886-87; Vicar 
of Ea&t Hardwick, Yorks 1887-90; Chaplain to the Koyal South HaiiU 
Infirmary 1890-94; Chaplain at Smyrna 1894-95; at Boulogne »895- 
1901 ; Licensed pieacher in the diocese of London 1901-1903; Vicar of 
Wenhaston, near Halesworlh 190^1904. Died at the Vicarage 30 
October, aged 52. 

Harold Brodiick Woodwark (1901), son of George Smith Woodwark, of 
King's Lynn; bom 21 June 1880 at The Priory, Kinc's Lynn, 
educated at King's Lynn Grammar School. After taking his degree 
Mr Woodwark was for a time a Master of Noithgate School, Winchester ; 
at the time of his death he was senior Classical master at Highbury 
House School, St Leonards on Sea. He died at Highbury House 
28 November, aged 24. 

Rev William Frederick Wright (1893). Killed 30 August on the Grand 
Paradis in an Alpine accident. See p. 70. 

Edward Francis Reeve Wynne (matticulated from St John's in 1886, B.A. 
from Ayerst Hostel 1891), son of the Rev Edward Wvnne D.D., Vicar 
of Paikgate, Rotheiham. Bom 27 December 1867 at Eastwood, 
Rotherham, Yorks ; educated at Chiist's Hospital and Rotherham 
Grammar School. He was some time at LichBeld Theological College. 
He then engaged in educational work, successively at Rotheiham, 
Liverpool, Isle of Man, Switzerland, and finally became Headmaster of 
Arlesford House School, Margate. Being left a widower without a 
family in 1S99 he offered his services for the South Afiican War, 
through the whole of which he served, he remained in South Africa 
after the War. Died 5 December at Kimberley, South Africa, aged 37. 

John Shapland Yeo (1882), son of John Yeo, bora at Stonehouse co 
Gloucester 28 August i860. Educated at Blundell's School, Tiverton. 
Second Wrangler, sometime Fellow of the College. Died 24 November 
at Cairingion Hoa!»e, Fettes College, Edinburgh. See p. 225. 

The following death was not recorded last year: 

Rev George Jackson (i860), son of Robert Jackson of Sedbergh, bom there 
23 September 1837. Educated at Sedbergh School. Curate of St 
Andrew, Ancoats, Manchester 1865-67; of Middleton. Manchester 
1867.71; of St Peter's, Chichester 1871-75; Rector of Ford, Sussex 
1874-79; Vicar of Yapton 1875-89; Vicar of Westfield, near Battle» 
Sussex 1889-1903. Died 15 May 1903. 


On Saturday, January 28th, the day on which our President, 
Professor John E. B. Mayor, completed his eightieth year, a 
large gathering assembled in the Combination Room for the 
purpose of presenting him with a congratulatory address. This 
had been signed by a large number of those interested in the 
nid.jy branches of study to which Professor Mayor has devoted 

We had hoped to have had a special report of the proceedings 
for The Eagle^ but owing to an accident our reporter was not 
able to be present. We therefore content ourselves with re- 
producing the somewhat condensed report of the meeting which 
appeared in The Cambridge Daily News of January 30th. We 
learn with pleasure that a fuller account of the proceedings may 
appear in pamphlet form. Sir R. C. Jebb M.P. having been 
voted into the chair, remarked that the purpose for which they 
had gathered together was to commemorate the anniversary of 
a birthday. That day the oldest member of their professoriate, 
one whose learning and whose character alike adorned the chair 
which he held, completed his 80th year, honoured wherever 
learning was held in esteem, and attended by the cordial respect 
and warm regard of all who had known his life in the University. 
One of his (the speaker's) most valued possessions was a book 
which first opened to him in boyhood a new conception of the 
way in which the Latin Classics might be interpreted — the first 
edition of Mayor's Juvenal. It was dedicated to the late 
Professor Kennedy in a preface of characteristic modesty, dated 
28th May, 1853. He was then an assistant master at Marl- 
borough. They all knew what manifold work he had accom- 
plished during the half century since then for the illustration of 
Latin authors, and the exact study of the Latin language. They 
knew, also, how wide had been the range of his interests, 
embracing as they had done early documents on national history, 
contributions to the biography of eminent scholars, and, in 
particular, memoirs of many persons who had left their mark on 

242 Presentation to Prof J. E, B, Mayor. 

the annals of Cambridge University. They knew also that even 
that extensive and varied field had not been the limit of iiis 
incessant activity. More than once when events of the day had 
turned his attention to some good and struggling cause, generous 
enthusiasm had moved him to become its eloquent advocate, 
and to support it with the breadth of his knowledge. Nor could 
they forget those remarkable sermons of permanent interest, 
both theological and literary, which he had occasionally 
delivered in the chapel of his College, or from the University 
pulpit. And they were aware that the part of his varied know" 
ledge which had found its way into print was but a fraction of 
that which existed in his unpublished collections— those remark- 
able stores which were open, as they always had been, to any 
serious student who came to him for help. But the reputation 
of Professor Mayor as a scholar was not confined to his o\in 
country. One slight indication of that might be mentioned. 
The Mimrva^ that year-book of the learned of the world, pub- 
lished at Strassburg, gave annually as its frontispiece a portrait 
of a man eminent in letters or science. Last year their friend 
held that place of honour, the photogravure being a reproduction 
from the fine portrait by Herkomer in St John's College. It 
was not only to the scholar but also to the man that they brought 
a tribute that day. The predecessor of Henry Bradshaw, as 
Librarian, and the successor of Hugh Munro, as Latin Professor, 
had been for them in Cambridge much more than an embodi- 
ment of deep and wide erudition. He had been the ideal of 
academic life. Generations in Cambridge changed rapidly. 
New manners and customs arose ; new tendencies or fashions 
in study or circumstances. Possibly the voice of the Philistine 
at the gates became more audible, but it was something to have 
still among them the venerated and beloved figure of one who 
stood for a life-long devotion to the cause of learning —the type 
of noble simplicity and of unswerving fidelity to the purest and 
manliest impulses by which conduct could be guided. That 
day they desired to greet Professor Mayor; they desired to offer 
him a slight testimony of their reverence and affection. He 
was reminded of some words written by the younger Pliny in a 
letter edited by Professor Mayor 25 years ago. Pliny had been 
staying with a friend who had then passed 77 years of a strenuous 
life, and he wrote, " If ever it should be given to me to reach 
old age there is no one whose old age I would rather wish my 

Presentation to Prof J. E. B. Mayor. 243 

own to resemble." It was the earnest wish of all — a wish which 
would be shared in a world much larger than that of Cambridge 
or even of England — that Professor Mayor might have before 
him many years of life and strength, and fruitful work and of 
serene happiness. In conclusion, the Chairman moved that 
permission should be given to him to present Professor Mayor 
with the address. 

The Master of Trinity, in seconding the resolution, said it 
was not easy to follow after the beautiful, delicate, and infinitely 
sincere words which had fallen from Sir Richard Jebb. He 
was sure that however difficult it might be for their reverend 
friend to listen to words in his praise, he must feel, partly from 
the presence of so many old Cambridge friends, and still more 
from the exquisite simplicity of the words chosen, that there 
was not one which fell from Sir Richard Jebb that was not 
echoed by the affection and the sympathy of every man present. 
When a great scholar and a great student, the pride of his own 
University and of all Universities over all the world, reached 
the venerable age of 80, all hearts in a generous country were 
drawn towards him, and that was the favoured position in which 
Professor Maj'or stood that day. In his own thoughts he had 
gone back even further than 1853, ^'vhen the first edition of 
Mayor's Juvenal was published. His Cambridge memory had 
constantly gone back to a year which was ancient to about all 
of them except the Master of Clare; he meant the year 1848. 
They were in the habit of measuring time at the University by 
years, and that he ventured to think was a remarkable year. 
The Senior Wrangler was that remarkable man Dr Todhunter ; 
in the Classical Tripos they had men like Scott and Westcott. 
•There were not very many survivors of the men who gave so 
much lustre to that year. There were now older men if they 
measured time by years. He knew of one old friend of the 
University — he meant Lord Grimthorpe — who took his degree 
in 1838, and he trusted they might have the honour of con- 
gratulating Professor Mayor ten years hence. How were they 
to hope they might keep their beloved Professor to last among 
them hale and vigorous ? They got hints sometimes from the 
Latin literature of which he had been so eloquent an interpreter. 
He imagined Professor Mayor had read in his day a work in 
which Cato explained his knowledge upon not only the duties 
and privileges of old age, but upon the way of keeping it 

844 Presentation to Prof J. E. B. Mayor. 

vigorous and hale. One of these was to learn Greek. He was 
not quite sure that that particular method could be recommended 
to the examiner for the Craven Scholarship. Another was 
*• Take great care of your health ; " '* Eat comparatively little ; " 
'* Dont drink too much ; take enough to restore your strength 
but not to crush it." Proceedingi the Master said they had but 
one feeling, and that was the longer they could keep their dear 
friend among them the happier would it be for them all. It 
was a special delight to him, as a member of Trinity College, 
to be able on behalf of his College, in which Professor Mayor 
Blill had so many friends, to say that they were not behind his 
own great College, not behind the University at large, not 
l>ehind learned men all over the world, in wishing him joy of 
having attained his venerable age with all his faculties so fully 
in his grasp, and having attained that age amid the love and 
reverence of all who knew him. 

The Chairman then read and presented to Professor Mayor 
the address, which was as follows : — 





Hodie tibi octogensimi aetatis anni finem auspiciis felicibus 
attingenti nos communium studiorum uinculo coniuncti 
gratulamur et ominibus faustis prosequimur. Quanta admira- 
tione, quam grato animo, doctrinae tuae ubertatem uarietatem 
subtilitatem recordamur I Quot scriptoribus Roman is, praeser- 
tim Ciceroni Plinio luuenali, lumen attulisti I Nee tamen ita his 
litteris dedilus fuisti ut patriae nostrae monumenta neglegeres. 
Baedae quidem historiis insigni fructu eruditionem singularem 
adhibuisti ; et in factis uirorum et feminarum illustrium 
commemorandis, qui rem publicam nostram Cantabrigiensem 
aut opibus auxerunt aut pietate coluerunt aut ingenio 
illustrarunt, tu praecipue operam nauasti. Nee praetereundi 
sunt tot labores tui in linguae Latinae usu occultiore eruendo et 
in memoria doctissimorum hominum renouanda consumpti. 
Nomen ergo tuum inter clarissimos Cantabrigienses, Bentleium 
Marklandum Porsonum Munronem, et uiget et uigebit. Quarum 
rerum causa, hoc tam felici die, te quasi Nestora quendam 
studiorum nostrorum salutamus, et multos in annos sospitexn 

Presentation to Prof J. E. B. Mayor, 245 

exoptamus, ut amplissimi illi doclrinarum thesauri, qui adhuc 
in scriniis tuis latent, cum magno sludiosorum homiuuin 
emolumento in lucem prodeant. 

Datum Cantabrigiag 
A. D, V. Kal. Ftb, 


Professor Mayor replied in Latin, as follows: — Thirty years 
ago, at the tercentenary of Leyden University, I had the good 
fortune to witness the first meeting of two of the chief scholars 
of the day. Cobet, addressing Madvig, after just commendation 
of his services, wound up thus: '*AI1 we here present venerate 
in you our leader and guide; yet we do not intend to take all 
your opinions as oracles from the Pythian Shrine. We will fight 
with you, will contend with you, and contend the more earnestly, 
the more earnestly we admire you." What was the reply ? 
•'After Cobet J am afraid to speak Latin." To me. after Sir 
Richard Jebb, who long and admirably discharged the ofiice of 
Public Orator, and now sits by right in Porson's chair, and, to 
the great contentment of us all, maintains at Westminster, and 
will still maintain, the cause of the University, after such a man, 
I say, what wonder if I, creeping from the shadows of my 
library, speak with flattering lips ? But to the point. You, in 
your courtesy, have chiefly found in me to praise my being at 
home in several fields of study. For my part I am convinced of 
one thing. If our Sparta is to survive to profit coming ages, all 
true patriots must know for certain that our motive, our only 
motive, for searching into tlie secrets of antiquity is that we may 
win treasures, nowhere else to be found, but necissary for the 
public good. 1 will explain my meaning by an example. At 
Manchester long ago, an accomplished lady, whom I had never 
set eyes on before, took me roundly to task. Our University 
always lagged behind the age. Why did we not, like Lancashire, 
stand in the van of progress.^ I replied '*Doyou look on the 
abolition of the slave trade as a reform ? Do you know that it 
was Thomas Clarkson, of St John's, who struck off the fetters of 
the slave ? Do you know — you hardly can, for it is less known — 
that Dr Peckard, our Vice-Chancellor, preached a sermon at St 
Mary's against the slave trade, and set as a subject for the Latin 
essay prize, ' Is it right to enslave men against their will ? ' 
Clarkson won the prize, turned his essay into English, and with 
the help of his fellow collegian, William Wilberforce, set on foot 

246 Presentation to Prof J, E. B. Mayor. 

the holy war for freedom/' Avoiding Charjbidis, I had the ill 
luck to fall into Scylla. My eager friend acquitted the 
University handsomely, but charged us Cambridge men with 
unfaithfulness to our mother's honour. '* Why didn't you tell us 
all this before ? " Take the warning, my comrades ; keep alive 
in your hearts and follow in your labours the examples of those 
who have gone before us. -* It is time for me," proceeded the 
speaker, reverting to English, "with the student Milton to salute 
my mother tongue. 

*< Hail, native language, that with sinews weak. 
First taught my slow endeavooring tongue to speak." 

The Professor went on to speak of the learning of languages* 
and pleaded that in undertaking it the use of the ear and the 
voice should be reinstated. The ancients really read with the 
ear; they had professional readers. He suggested that the 
practice of thus reading should be revived among undergraduates^ 
and stated his belief that it would be very valuable. He also 
referred to the abolition of tests in the University, and pointed 
out the benefits the reform had conferred, and, in an allusion to 
the facilities which libraries now offered to people, contrasted 
the altered conditions in this direction with what used to 
prevail. He caused much amusement by relating what was his 
experience at Christ's Hospital. When he was there there were 
two cook shops and no book shop. They put out Bibles on 
Sunday, and fortunately they contained the Apocrypha. 

The Vice-Chancellor proposed a vote of thanks to the 
Chairman and the Master and Fellows of St John's College for, 
he said, giving them the opportunity of having what he could 
not help calling a most sumptuous entertainment. When he 
was listening to the speech of Professor Mayor^ the more he 
listened to it the more the word *' pathetic " went out and the 
word "enjoyable" came in. He could not say it was pathetic 
to listen to Professor Mayor, because as he went on it did not 
appear as though an old man was speaking, but as though a 
young one was speaking. The ages of men they could tell in 
many ways, and one was by the voice. If they had shut their 
eyes while listening to Professor Mayor they would have thought 
he was 40. It was very pleasing for them all to be there, not 
only for the sake of Profesbor Mayor, whom they had met to 
honour, but for the sake of themselves. It was a good thing ia 

Presentation to Prof J. E. B. Mayors 247 

a. University of many colleges that all the colleges on an 
occasion like that should be drawn together. There they were ;- 
there was not one of them who had anything to gain. No one 
bad any axe to grind. They had simply met, the children of 
various nurseries, for the almost child-like purpose of giving a 
prizer They selected Professor Mayor to receive the prize 
as being the oldest and the best and most learned boy in the 
school. Therefore they wished to thank the Master of St John's 
for having given them the opportunity to do so.- 
' Professor Reid seconded, and took the opportunity to testify 
to the affection, esteem, and admiration which had been so 
widely entertained for the life and work of Professor Mayor. 

The Master of St. John's responded, and said they were 
grateful to those who had organised that successful meeting and 
those who had addressed it, and they were specially grateful to 
the great and famous scholar who kindly responded to the call 
to preside over it.- To these he proposed a vote of thanks. 

Dr MacAlister seconded, and took the opportunity on behalf 
of the junior members of St John's College to say how heartily 
they desired to associate themselves with the expressions of 
affection and esteem for Professor Mayor, who, though he had 
not, on his own assurance, attained to that incident of life, 
feeling old, had attained everything else that pertained to age- 
love, honour, faithful friends, and there were many of them there 
that day. 

The Chairman having responded, the proceedings concluded. 

We venture, with all apologies to Professor Mayor, and with 
due acknowledgment to the authors and journals concerned, to 
reproduce two articles which have appeared in print. 

The first appeared in Tht National Observer for 26th December 
1S91, and is as follows : — 

Only in the spirit of irony may Professor Mayor be called a 
•* Modern Man." Born out of due season, he wanders in the 
nineteenth century as a sojourner in a strange land. A scholar, 
simple and single-hearted, he may count Scaliger and Casaubon, 
Ruhnken and Hemsterhuis, among his compeers. Had he lived 
three hundred years ago, what a brilliant part he had played in 
the renascence of learning ! Even though he has dwelt in a 
University much perturbed to grant women degrees and abolish 
Greek, he has remained steadfast in the tradition of ancient 

2^8 Presenlatiofi to Prof y. E. B. Mayor. 

learning. His gait and figure proclaim the recluse of anothei' 
age. The bent shoulders, depressed as it were beneath the 
vreight of unnumbered folios, the gravely protruded head, the 
abstract, genial face, betoken one who is neither urgent in 
academic politics nor thrilled bj the return of the last " Little- 
Go." It is only when he paces the ancient courts of his own 
St John's that he seems entirely in harmony with his environ- 

The scholar and the man of letters have been ever at war. 
The one despises a well-turned phrase as the other shrinks from 
the impedimenta of knowledge. The late Rector of Lincoln 
took up the cudgels on erudition's behalf with superfluous 
warmth ; for, in truth, there is no excuse for the contest. Men 
of consummate learning may be as rare as men of genius. But 
the speaking ox is a rarer animal still, and you shall not arrive 
at a settlement by counting heads. The scholar delves in the 
literature of the past, expounding thoughts and tabulating 
words; the man of genius provides thoughts and words for 
future generations of scholars to expound and tabulate. The 
one builds with other men's bricks, and is not always careful 
to bind the edifice with mortar; the other must provide the 
material of his own monument. The work of each is seemly 
and worthy of accomplishment. Few there are among scholars 
who would withhold from the man of letters the greater glory. 
Who now consults the once famous commentaries of Casaubon ? 
Even Mark Pattison, the loyallest champion that ever defended 
the cause of learning, sorrowfully confesses that as he was the 
first so he will be the last to read through the great scholar's 
sixty volumes of Adversaria. Ten lines of impassioned verset 
a page of lordly prose, triumph to-day over all the learning of 
the ages. But we may not argue therefrom the uselessness of 
scholarship. A temperament there is that craves for knowledge 
as the drunkard craves for alcohol or the martyr for the stake. 
Facts may be garnered with too light a sense of their value ; 
proportion may be sacrificed to mass. And yet the work 
achieved by patient research need neither be dryasdust nor 
embarrass by its wealth of material. Too often, alas! the 
scholar has forgotten that the text of his annotations has a 
touching point with literature, that the truth he pursues is not 
worih the pursuit ; too often has he placed a blind, wilful con- 
fidence in print. But how many priceless works has he not 

Presentation to Prof y. £. B. Mayor. ^49 

discovered to the world ! How many dark places has he not 
Illuminated I If his glory be but short-lived, that is because 
he pursues a science rather than an art — a science which is ever 
extending her boundaries and removing the landmarks of 
yesterday. The present age is notoriously inimical to the 
austere learning of an ancient fashion ; in our own countty 
none save Professor Mayor has devoted his life faithfully and 
earnestly to the elucidation of a single author. If his Juvenal 
has reached the Elysian Fields and the giant scholars of the 
sixteenth century condescend to so barbarous a tongue as 
Englishi then assuredly is Professor Mayor honoured among 
the shades. 

When the work was published, it was said that the Professor 
of Latin had raised a monument to himself, beneath which he 
had buried Juvenal. The reproach was not unfounded. The 
text occupies eighty-six pages liberally spaced ; the commentary 
and index cover 977 pages of small print, and bristle with 
abbreviations. Were the elucidation of his author the editor's 
aim and end, the disproportion were monstrous. But he has 
deemed nothing alien to his task which the form or matter of 
Juvenal may suggest. " Quidquid aguni homines — nvsiri fart ago 
libtlli «/," says Juvenal. Professor Mayor extends his survey 
beyond the poet's own time to the human affairs of all climes 
and ages. " He wants to found his remarks," as Mark Pattison 
sdid of another, " not on this or that passage, but on a complete 
induction.*' To edit Juvenal he has studied the literature of 
the world, except such modern stuff as has not yet come into his 
ken. In the third Satire the author girds at the poets who 
recite their works under an August sky : and the line suggests 
to the editor an exhaustive treatise concerning recitation. He 
passes the world in review, from ancient Greece to modern 
England, from Herodotus to Charles Dickens. Nor is this note 
in any way remarkable. A hundred other topics are handled 
With the same encyclopedic, if indiscreet, learning. He has 
drawn his materials from all authors, of every race and creed. 
He " sees only a riddle in the taste which, allowing Libanius, 
lays Chrysostom under ban." Alone of living scholars he has 
mastered the literature of the decadence. This devious learning, 
indeed, has the slenderest reference to Juvenal ; and his magnum 
9^«f, though Oxford and Cambridge, in all docility, accept it 
as a text-book, is not so much a commentary upon Juvenal as 

z^Q Presentaiion to Prof J. E. B. Mayor. 

a vast storehoQse of miscellaneoas information. Had only 
Professor Mayor turned the fulness of his exotic knowledge to 
the wisest account, English literature had been the richer by 
another Anatomy of Melancholy. His pedantic talent is akin to 
3urton*s ; but, still devoted to Juvenal, he feared to adventure 
bis own style, and the dooc of fantasy was closed against him. 
So far as we may judge from half-a-dozen pamphlets and the 
curt lines buried amid the parallelisms of Juvenal, he is a writer 
of living, vigorous English. But the tradition of learning held 
him fast, and like many another he gave up to scholarship what 
vas meant, maybe, for literature. 

The note of his character is a Rabelaisian asceticism. 
Though he read Petronius and Martial '< without hurt," yet will 
Ive give no quarter to a " fantastic sestheticism." " Nay, there 
aje" — he is doubtless of the number — "who cannot stomach 
modem novels, which, in lip-service decorous to prudery, but 
Cptten at heart, fret against the inexorable law." With all bis 
curiosity of life, he is as determined an enemy of meat as of 
alcohol and tobacco. But his fads are handled with so genial 
a touch, and whh so little desire of proselytes, that he almost 
lyins your sympathy. Himself no longer a " sepulchre for fowl,*' 
be preaches vegetarianism and denounces the co-operative stores, 
lyhereby men become emacts^ on the authority of Juvenal. 
** Ventre nihil novi frugalim^^ says the satirist, and the commen- 
tator is moved to deplore the growing cost of College dinners. 
When the topic of controversy be serious — such as the Greek 
Question — he selects his authorities wiih the nicest precision, 
quoting Erasmus and Conrad Heresbach. If his hobbies be 
in dispute, he will back his position on the word of " a Cam- 
bridge grocer," and overawe his opponents with such artillery 
a,s the works of F. W. Newman and Mrs Kingsford. But the 
scholar is notoriously credulous. Did not Causabon believe 
earth brought from Palestine would cure disease, and that 
women were sometimes turned into men ? His extravagances 
are all marked by an odd humour and a literary touch. Some 
years since he presided at a vegetarian banquet, and a grotesque 
flavour of scholarship converted what might have been a waking 
nightmare into a welcome memory. When the Pythagorean 
craze first laid hold upon him, he registered his increasing 
weight day by day at the county gaol I If we may believe his 
iutroduction to Juvenal, he is in favour of women's suffrage. 

Presentalion to Prof J, E B. Mayor. 251 

and looks with a kindly eye upon the White Cross. But such 
opinions we prefer to consider not too narrowly, though we 
may sincerely regret that the name of Dr Elizabeth Blackwell 
should defame his page. In spite of eccentricity he is animated 
by what he himself calls a '• healthy, involuntary paganism." 
To Juvenal he refers with a solemn trust which the more bigoted 
Tescrve for their Bibles. He his a modern instance for each 
wise saw. Here is his comment on the lines, 

Quid Romae faciam ? mentiri nescio ; libram. 
Si malus est, nequeo laudare et poscere: 

"Mutual flattery in reviews. Reading the last book from 
Mudie's, because 'every one is talking about it'; in short, 
neglecting the living works of dead authors, because fashion 
3ets its seal on dead works of living authors." So Hazlitt for 
each new book would read an old one. 

Such is the first of English scholars. A pedant, perhaps, 
but a pedant humorous in his foibles, urbane in controversy, 
kindly in all things. "A man who," as Casaubon said of 
Scaliger, *' by the indefatigable devotion^of a stupendous talent 
to the acquisition of knowledge, has garnered up vast stores of 
uncommon lore. His memory has so happy a readines;:, that 
whenever the occasion calls for it, whether it be in conversaiioii 
or whether he be consulted by letter, he is ready to bestow with 
lavish hand what has been gathered by him in the sweat of his 
brow." He is ** reserving for his old age" a commentary on 
Seneca. May we not hope that, ere eld overtake him, he will 
redeem another promise and annotate the Sa/t'res 11., vi., ix. 
which dwell still in the outer darkness of the " Index ? *' 

The next article appeared in The Daily Mail of 25th August, 
1904, during the vibit of the British Association to Cambridge : 

Cambridge, August 23rd. 

In a narrow yard, with a few geraniums on its windowsills, 
lives the oldest Professor of Cambridge, the Rev J. E. B. 
Mayor, of St. John's. 

He is in his eightieth year, but his natural force, thanks 
perhaps to a vegetarian diet, is not abated. A small man, with 
a huge head low in the stooping shoulders, and the limbs stiil 
straight and mobile. The eyes are hidden till he raises his 
head by overhanging grey eyebrows; and the high solid fore- 

252 Presentation to Prof J. E. B. Mayor. 

head is seamed in every direction by infinitesimal threads of 
thought. The mouth and chin are shaven ; the rest is covered 
by a mass of grey hair. The underlip has the scholar's critical 
depression at the corners, and the deep voice, with its hesitating, 
word-weighing speech, has the pleasant note of careful scholar- 
ship. He is dressed in decent black, worn to a bookish hue, 
with a little white cravat tied carelessly under the grey hairs of 
his beard. 

As I sat with him in a little low-ceiled room, where every 
stool and table and what-not supported an open booic, and 
where the writing-table was covered with piles of his MSS., I 
found that this great classical scholar was wholly and completely 
unmoved by all the prodigious pother of the British Association. 
I found, in a word, that he inhabited a different world. 

'* No," he said to mei " I confess that I take no interest in 
science. You must not misunderstand me. In the achieve- 
ments of science, in the solid work of science, which adds 
grandeur to the universal scheme, I find great pleasure. But " — 
his eyes twinkled, and he laughed — " in the awful jargon talked 
by these learned men I confess that I find neither pleasure nor 
understanding. I don't know how it is, but really they seem 
incapable of expressing themselves in language intelligible to 
educated men. It was not so in ancient days. Celsus, Galen, 
Pliny — they all wrote with the grace and lucidity of men of 
letters, and the least scientific of their contemporaries could 
read them with delight. But science — science which quarrels 
with theology for its inadequate expression of spiritual things— 
cannot express even material things in a language which scholars 
can understand ! What a condition of affairs ! I really think 
they ought to make it their business, in the interest of science^ 
which we must suppose exists for humanity — to express them- 
selves in such a fashion as scholars at least can understand." 

So we talked, and I perceived more and more that this 
brilliant scholar inhabits a world as far asunder from the world 
of physical science as the earth from the moon. It would be 
as easy for Professor Mayor and Professor Ray Lankasler to 
hold a conversation as it would be for a Russian peasant and a 
Laplander to exchange ideas. Both are able men, both live in 
the same period, and both are sons of the same country, yet 
their worlds of thought are sundered by impassable seas. Tliiuk 
what this means to the man in the street. 

Presentation to Prof J. E. B, Mayor. 253 

Bat if i I be urged that Faith and Science must necessarily 
occupy different regions and speak a different language, I would 
point out that, just as Professor Mayor is separated from the 
man of science, so, too, the physicist is separated from the 
anthropologist and the anthropologist from the zoologist, and 
the zoologist from the chemist. 

Until I moved about Cambridge during 'this week of British 
Association meetings, I did not realise how deep and wide is the 
gulf which separates one branch of human knowledge from 
another. When I entered a meeting of Section A I found 
myself in a world utterly different from and having no know- 
ledge of the world of Section D. When I talked with member^ 
from Section £ I found myself speaking in a different language 
from that in which I had spoken with members from Section B. 
And when I attended garden parties and receptions 1 could not 
fail to notice that the members from one section did not 
fraternise with members from another, but that each in its 
separate gioup discussed the work of its own particular section, 
and lived as if the rest of human knowledge had no existence. 

Professor Mayor had been struck by the same thing. 
** However useful science may be," he said, '* I cannot help 
thinking that this specialisation must have a very narrowing 
effect upon the mind. The man of science rarely sees life 
steadily, and sees it whole. This is probably why there has 
been an antagonism between it and religion. They have not got 
the time to understand religion* and when they do talk about it 
or write about it they really utter the most dreadful nonsense. 
Some of them have actually believed that the Bible records as an 
historical fact that Joshua made the moon stand still 1 They 
have no knowledge of literature, these people, certainly none of 
theology. In fact there is very little scholarship in the world. 

"Poor dear Leslie Stephen — an excellent good fellow 
himself, a clever fellow, too, but certainly not an accurate 
scholar — was received in London like a prophet. Amazing! 
And look at the • Dictionary of National Biography ' — columns 
for actors and paragraphs for some of our greatest scholars 1 
Really and truly, it is quite boyish. And now people want to 
do away with Latin and Greek in schools in order that boys may 
be taught French and German. Why, it's so silly. Latin and 
Greek must always be taught; and French and German, or 
Italian, ought to be learned at home as a second and third 

J54 Presentation to Prof y. E, B. Mayor. 

language, merely bj reading aload in one's spare hours. Erevy 
educated man ought to speak two or three languages, but no 
man can be educated, however many languages he may speak, if 
he does not know Latin and Greek." 

I introduced a little science into the sanctum of this scholar 
by telling him how the physicist has reduced all matter to 
electricity, and how some of them are now groping their way 
towards the spiritual interpretation of life. He was not greatly 
moved. Science he regards as a world-wide parent might 
regard a child crammed wiih the most fantastical ambitious. 
There will be no satisfying explanation of life's mystery, he 
thinks, till the awakening of death, and the sooner science 
returns to the humility and tranquillity of the Christian faith the 
sooner will it realise that knowledge, however great, can never 
read the riddle of life and never satisfy the appetite of the soul 
for spiritual things. This is his conviction. 

Professor Mayor, in his book-lined, low-roofed Cambridge 
room, is a prophet of the simple life. He dislikes the com- 
plexities of science and he denounces the extravagances of 
society. He would have all men simple and modest, given to no 
luxuries, and feeling in their souls a manlike contempt for 
money-standards, gambling, and extravagance. And he is one 
who practises even that which he does preach. At half-past six 
he breakfasts on porridge and fruit ; at half-past one he eats 
vegetables and unleavened bread; and at a quarter-past past 
seven he dines in hall on a vegetable soup, a vegetable savoury, 
and a little lemonade — his only drink in the day. For some 
considerable time he reduced his nutrition bill to twopence a 

He is a charming man, full of scholarly talk and a round 
humour. When he condemns follies it is always with a pitying 
and generous little laugh. He is never bitter, never in a hurry, 
and nothing of a proselytiser. While the world rushes into 
extravagances, and Science confuses herself with the threads of 
knowledge, he, in the security of his faith and his scholarship, 
smiles at all the turmoil, and peacefully awaits the end. 

Harold B£gbie. 


Lini Term 1905. 

On February 20th it was announced that the Ring had been 
pleased to approve the appointment of the Venerable J. M. 
Wilson (B.A. 1859), Vicar of Rochdale and Archdeacon of 
Manchester, to be a canon of Worcester Cathedral in the room 
of the late Canon Cresswell Strange. The Times, in announcing 
the appointment, has the following: — "The appointment of 
Archdeacon Wilson to a residentiary canonry at Worcester will 
give lively satisfaction to those who desire that the Church of 
England should have the most fertile minds in her service, and 
should give them opportunities for productiveness. For fifteen 
years he has carried on a vigorous work as Vicar of the laborious 
parish of Rochdale and Archdeacon of Manchester. He went 
thither from a successful headmastership of Clifton, where he 
succeeded Dr Percival in 1879, and maintained the high traditions 
of the school for eleven years. Before that he had been for 
twenty years (1859-79) mathematical and science master at 
Rugby under Dr Temple, Dr Hayman, and Dr Jex-Blake. The 
new canon, who was born in 1836, is the son of the Bev Edward 
Wilson, Vicar of Nocton, Lines. He was educated at King 
William's College, Isle of Man, and Sedbergh School, lie won 
a scholarship at St John's College, Cambridge, and the Bell 
University scholarship, and was Senior Wrangler in 1859. ^ 
man of his vigorous powers is not likely to use a canonry as a 
mere place of ease and irresponsibility, but it is right that he 
should have leisure to add to the religious thought of his time 
contributions similar to his Hulsean lectures on the Atonement, 
and the still more valuable matter which is to be found in the 
lectures on Pastoral Theology given at Cambridge in 1903." 
The Eagle may be pardoned if it adds to this list of distinctions 
by once more reminding its readers that Canon Wilson was one 
of its first Editors (see Eagle xv, 325-7). 

The King has been pleased to approve the appointment of 
Sir Lewis Tonna Dibdin (B.A. 1874), K.C., D.C.L., Dean of 
the Court of Arches, to be First Estates Commissioner, in the 
place of Earl Stanhope, who has resigned the office. The Pall* 

2^6 Our C hi on tele. 

Mall Gazeife, in announcing the appointment, has the following : 
•*The appointment of Sir Lewis Dibdin to be First Church 
Kstates Commissioner will give general satisfaction. Sir Lewis 
is a brilliant ecclesiastical lawyer, and was a short time back 
singled out to succeed Sir Arthur Charles in the dignified and 
responsible post of Dean of the Arches. He has, for a full 
quarter of a century, occupied a leading* position in the councils 
of the Church. He is a member of the Canterbury House of 
Laymen and of the London Diocesan Conference, and is a 
frequent speaker at Church Congresses. He was, moreover, 
the close friend of the late Archbishop Benson, who has placed 
on record the great value he set by his counsel and judgment." 

We briefly announced in our last number the election of Dr 
Dr MacAIister (B.A. 1877), Fellow, Tutor, and also Linacre 
Lecturer in Physic of the College, to be President of the General 
Medical Council. The Lancet of December 3rd, in announcing 
the appointment, has the following paiagraph : — "As was 
generally expected, the Council selected as their President 
Dr Donald MacAIister, the representative of the University of 
Cambridge. Their choice could not have fallen in a better 
place ; indeed, there may be said to have been no other serious 
candidate for the dignified and responsible post. Dr MacAIister, 
who graduated in Arts at Cambridge some 27 years ago as 
Senior Wrangler and First Smith's Prizeman, has, since he 
became a member of the medical profession, been a tower of 
strength to the medical faculty of his University. At the Royal 
College of Physicians of London, where he was elected a Fellow 
at the shortest possible interval after obtaining the Membership, 
he has been Goulstonian and Croonian lecturer. At Cambridge 
his course has been no less rapid and important. Fellow and 
Tutor of St John's College, Cambridge, and Assessor to the 
Regius Professor of Physic, he was elected, upon the resignation 
of Sir George Humphry in 1889 representative of the Uni- 
versity upon the General Medical Council. Upon the Council 
he has been distinguished by his close grip of affairs. To every 
question of importance that has come up for consideration he 
has contributed something of value, something that showed 
him to be intimately familiar with both sides of the subject and 
anxiously willing to arrive at a fair conclusion. His ability, 
courtesy, and widely sympathetic attitude have been properly 
recognised by his colleagues in his election to the Presidential 

The Special Board for Medicine, in the University, at its 
meeting on loth February 1905 recorded the following resolution 
in its Minutes : — 

"The Special Board for Medicine desires to express its con- 
gratulations to Dr MacAIister on his election to the Presidency 
of the General Medical Council, its sense of the honour thus 

Our Chronicle. 2yi 

accruing to Ihe University after an interval of thirty years, and 
its cordial wishes for the President's health and happiness. 

•'The Special Board realises that this event must deprive it 
of Dr MacAIister's services as Secretary — services which have 
been of the utmost value in its deliberations and activity, not 
only in the usual transactions of business, but in moments of 
pressure and change. The Board cannot therefore but accept, 
however regretfully, the resignation of the office of Secretary, 
now tendered by Dr MacAlister. At the same time it desires 
to record that during his twenty years of office he has devoted 
to the Board time, labour, and an unrivalled knowledge of 
procedure, and it feels unable to express its gratitude in adequate 
words. It may, however, refer especially to the many Reports 
and other drafts, to be found during this period in its Minutes, 
by the preparation of which Dr MacAlister has laid the Board 
and the University itself under permanent obligations." 

[Sir George £. Paget K.C.B. was President from 1869 to 

The Rev P. Clementi Smith (B.A. 1 87 1 ), Rector of St Andrew- 
by-the -Ward robe, was in December last elected a member of 
the Common Council of the City of London for the Castle 
Baynard Ward. He is said to be the first clergyman elected to 
the Corporation since the Reformation. 

The Geological Society have awarded the Wollaston medal 
for 1905 to Mr J. J. H. Teall (B.A. 1873), F.R.S., formerly 
Fellow of the College. 

. At the anniversary meeting of the Geological Society, held 
on February 17th, Dr J. E. Marr (B.A. 1879). F.R.S., was elected 
President, and Dr T. G. Bonney (B.A. 1856), F.R.S., one of 
the Vice-Presidents, of the Society for the ensuing year. 

The following lectures by members of the College were 
delivered at the Royal Institution in Albemarle Street, London : 
(i) by Henry Cunynghame (B.A. 187+), C.B., M.lnsl. K.E., 
M.R.L, '*Six lectures on ancient and modern Methods of 
measuring Time," December 27, 29, 31, January 3. 5, 7. 
(2) By J. J. H. Teall (B.A. 1873), D.Sc, F.R.S., "Two lectures 
on recent Work of the Geological Survey," February 16, 23. 

We understand that the Imperial Gazetteer of India is to be 
entirely rewritten. In the new issue a new volume will be 
devoted to "The Government of India," the several chapters 
being written by specially selected persons. The chapters on 
"The Foreign relations of the Government of India" and 
"The Native Slates" are to be written by Sir William Lee- 
Warner (B.A. 1869), K.C.S.I. ; and that on "Meteorology" by 
Sir John Eliot CB.A. 1869), K.C.LE. 

158 Our Chronicle. 

The Rev F. Dyson (B.A. 1877), Senior Dean, has been 
appointed a Governor of Aldenham School on the nomination 
of the College. 

The Chemical, Metallurgical, and Mining Society of South 
Africa has awarded its first Gold Medal to Mr G. W. Williams, 
formerly a foundation scholar of the College, for original re- 
search in cyanide solutions. 

The Marquis of Bath, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of 
State for India, has appointed Mr L. D. Wakely (B.A. 1901) to 
be his private secretary. 

Mrs Strong has presented the Oriental section of the library 
of the late Mr S. Arthur Strong (B.A. 1884), Professor of Arabic 
in University College, London, and Libraiian to the House of 
Lords, to University College. 

A Memorial Fund has been raised to found an Exhibition, 
tenable at Ripon College, in the name of the late Rev William 
Frederick Wright (see p. 70). When the scheme was originally 
started it was hoped that a sum of /^5oo might be raised ; early 
in February over £siS ^^^ been raised, and it seems probable 
that the fund will amount to /'600 or more. The Rev J. Bnttersby 
Harford, Principal of Ripon College, is one of the Honorary 

It is proposed to establish in the University of Liverpool a 
memorial to the late Mr R. W. H. T. Hudson. The memorial 
will probably take the form of an annual prize in Mathematics 
to be awarded for distinction in Geometry, the subject in which 
Mr Hudson's work chiefly lay. Mr Alexander Mair, of the 
University of Liverpool, is the Treasurer of the fund. 

Mr F. J. Moss (B.A. 1886), provincial Headmaster, District 
School, Bareilly, has been appointed to ofliciate as Inspector 
of Schools, first circle, Moradabad, in the Indian Educational 

Mr H. R. Norris (B.A. 1887), who has been a Master at the 
Central Foundation School, Cowper Street, London, 1ias been 
appointed, by the Haberdashers' Company, to be Headmaster 
of Aske's Schools, Hatcham. 

The Rev. G. H. Smith (B.A. 1892), assistant master at 
St Peter's School, York, has been appointed Headmaster of 
the Royal Orphanages, Wolverhampton. 

Mr A. Howard (B.A. 1899) has been appointed Economic 
Botanist to the Indian Department of Agriculture at the 
Experiment Station at Pusa, Behar. 

Our Chronicle. 259 

Mr C. H. Moore (B.A. 1899) has been appointed to an 
Assistant Mastership at Bury School. 

Mr E. H. Pascoe (B.A. 1900) has been appointed to the 
Geological Survey of India. 

Ds J. H. Franklin (B.A. 1901) has been appointed an 
Assistant Master at Felsted School. 

Ds P. K. Sen (B A. iqoi, LL.B. 1903) has been appointed 
Lecturer in Philosophy and Law, and Examiner for Law Degrees, 
in the University of Calcutta. 

Ds E. A. Benians (B.A. 1902), Lightfoot University Scholar 
and formerly Scholar of the College, has been awarded the 
Allen University Scholarship. 

Ds J. P. Fewings (B.A. 1904) has been appointed Science 
Master at Mansfield Grammar School, Nottingham. 

Ds R. W. Sloley (B.A. 1904) has been appointed an Assistant 
Master at Liverpool College. 

At the ordinary quarterly comitia of the Royal College of 
Physicians held on Thursday, January 25th, the following 
members of the College were granted licenses to practice 
Physic: S. Barradell-Smith (B.A. 1901), A. W. Harvey (B.A. 
1898), W. £. Paramore (B.A. 1899). 

The following members of the College, having passed the 
necessary examination, and having conformed to the by-laws, 
were in December last admitted members of the Royal Clollege 
of Surgeons of England: H. Hardwick-Smith (B.A. 1899), 
St Bartholomew's; C. L. Isaac (B.A. 1899), St Mary's; F. A. G 
Jeans (B.A. 1899), University College, Liverpool. 

Dr C. H. Reissmann (B.A. 1895) ^^^ been appointed 
Honorary Assistant Physician to the Consumptive department 
of the Adelaide Hospital, South Australia. 

W. L. Harnett (B.A. 1899) M.B., B.C., has been appointed 
to the skin department in St Thomas' Hospital. Mr Harnett 
was in January last admitted a Fellow of the Royal College of 

Mr A. E. English tmatricalated 1890) I.C.S , Deputy 
Commissioner, has been elected President of the Basscin 
Municipal Committee, Burma. 

Mr J. F. Gruning (matriculated 1892) I.C.S. is appointed 

Joint Magistrate and Deputy Collector first grade, and to act as 
>eputy Commissioner, of Jalpaiguri, Bengal. 

Ds V. P. Row (B.A. 1904) I C.S. has been posted to Waltair, 
Vizagapatan district, Madras. 

2 6o Our Chronicle. 

. Mr. C. Morgan Webb (B.A. 1894) I.C.S. was in December 
last transferred from Rangoon to be Settlement Officer, Tavoy 
District, Barma. 

Mr J. Donald (matriculated 1895) I>C.S. has been appointed 
to act in the first grade Joint Magistrates and Deputy Collectors, 
and is posted to the head-quarters station, Muzzapfarpore 
district, Bengal. 

Mr W. Gaskel! (B.A. 1895) I.C.S. is appointed Under 
Secretary to the Government, United Provinces of Agra and 

Mr C. A. H. Townsend (B.A. 1896) I.C.S.. Assistant 
Commissioner, relinquished charge of the Dalhousie subdivision 
of Gurdaspore district on 18 November 1904; he is appointed 
to officiate as Deputy Commissioner of Hissar, Punjab, from 
November 21, and is invested with power to try as a magistrate 
all offences not punishable with death. 

Ds C. B. N. Cama I C.S. (B.A. 1891) has been invested with 
the powers of a Second Class Magistrate in the Central Provinces, 
India, and has been appointed Secretary of the Municipal 
Committee of Hoshangabad. 

The services of Mr R. Sheepshanks (B.A. 1893) I.C.S. have 
been placed at the disposal of the Legislative Department; 
Mr Sheepshanks has been appointed Deputy Secretary to the 
Government of India in that department. 

Mr A. S. Lupton (B.A. 1898), formerly Scholar, was called 
to the Bar at Gray's Inn on 26 January 1905. 

The following members of the College passed the Final 
Examination for admission as Solicitors, held on the 7th and 
8ih of November last: C. H. Jose (B.A, 1901), D. C. A. 
Morrison (B.A. 1901). 

At the November examination for honours of candidates for 
admission on the Roll of Solicitors of the Supreme Court, 
Mr D. C. A. Morrison (B.A. and LL.B. 1901) was placed in the 
Second Class. Mr Morrison served under articles of clerkship 
to Mr S. B. Morrison, of Swindon. 

The Seatonian Prize for 1904 has been awarded to the 
Rev F. H. Wood (B.A. 1871). Mr Wood obtained the 
Chancellor's Medal for English verse in 1869. 

The Cobden (University) Prize for 1904 has been awarded 
to Ds Manobar Lai (B.A. 1902}. The subject of his essay was 
** The causes and effects of Commercial and Industrial Trusts." 

Ds N. C. Pope (B.A. 1904) has been elected to a Naden 
Divinity Studentship, tenable for one year. 

Our Chronicle. 261 

On February 3 the Council of the College elected Ds Manohar 
Lai (B.A. X902) to the vacant MacMahon Law Studentship. Ds 
Manohar Lai wad placed in the First Class of Pan I of the 
Moral Sciences Tripos in 1902; in 1903 he obtained a First 
Class in Part II of that Tripos, being the only man in the class. 
In 1902 he was awarded the Brotherton Sanskrit Prize at Corpus 
Christi College; in 1903 he was elected first Whewell Scholar 
in International Law, and has recently been awarded the Cobden 
Prize for an essay on " International Combinations.*' 

Ds V. P. Row (B.A. 1904) was in December last bracketed 
with Russell, of King's College, for the Whewell Scholarships 
for 1904. 

R. Meldrum, Minor Scholar of the College, has been 
awarded Sir William Browne's gold medal for a Latin Ode. 
I'he subject was " Columbus." 

The Adams Memorial (College) Prize for 1904 has been 
awarded to J. E. Sears. The essays sent in by J. R. Airey, 
L. Cullis, G. S. Hardy, and E. J. G. Titterington were highly 

The Council have awarded the Prize of £/^ 41. and a copy of 
Prof J. C. Adams' collected works to Mr Sears, and copies 
of Prof Adams' works to the other candidates. Mr Sears chose 
as the subject of his essay Electric Waves, this subject being also 
chosen by Messrs Airey, Cullis, and Harvey. Mr Titterington's 
essay was on The general theory of Integration. 

Sermons have been preached in the College Chapel by: 
The Master, January 22 ; Mr Pryke, Vicar of Ottery St Mary, 
February 12 ; Mr Robertson, Senior College Missioner, Feb. 26 ; 
and Mr Graves, March 12. 

The Rev George Edward Vate (B.A. 1848), Vicar of Madeley, 
Salop, has been collated by the Bishop of Hereford to the 
prebend of Gorwall and Overbury in Hereford Cathedral. 

The Right Rev Dr J. N. Quirk (B.A. 1873), Bishop of 
Sheffield and Vicar of Doncaster, has been appointed Vicar of 
St Mark's, Sheffield. 

The Rev C. E. Cooper (B.A. 1877). Rector of St Paul's, 
Nanaimo, Vancouver, has been appointed Rector of St Saviour's, 
Victoria West, British Columbia. 

The Rev Francis R. Harnett (B.A. 1884), Vicar of Highmere, 
near Henley-on-Thames, has been appointed Acting Incumbent 
of St Peter's, Colombo, and Acting Chaplain to H.M. Forces. 

The Rev L. H. Nicholl (B.A. 1887) has been appointed 
Chaplain of Christ Church, Pan. 



Oaf Ckro/iicU, 

The Rev W. W. Nicholson (B.A. 1888). Chaplain R.N., has 
been appointed Chaplain to H.M,S. Gibraliar, 

The Rev Harry Joseph Adams (admitted a member of the 
College in 1894, but did not graduate), Curate of Downham 
Market, has been presented by the Lord Chancellor to the 
Vicarage of Stoke Ferry, Norfolk. 

The following members of the College were ordained on 
the i8ih of December last: 


Wrcnford, H. J- W, 
Baxter, A. H. Y. 
Beaiiett, G. A. 



Poole, J. T. 
Whitehouse, J. J. 
Lasbrey, P. U. 
Willson, B. St J. W. 








St Paul's, Swindon 
St Cleophas', Toxteth Patk 


The following ecclesiastical appointments are announced : 

Porlbury, H. A. 

Field, A. J. P. 
Large, R. 
Simpson, E. L. 

Whincup, D. W. 

Rainsford, M. 

Austin, E. J. 

Gaussen, C. E. 

Adamson, J. 

B,A, From, To he 

(1888) V.St. Paul's, Macclcs- P. C. St Thomas, Hen- 

field bury 

(1884) C. Lansallos, Cornwall R. Ravensden, Bedford 

(1885) C. Eccleshall V. Adhaston, Salop 
(1892) C. St Chad, Derby V. Christ Church, 


(1886) C. All Saints, Stam. Y. St Paul's, New 

ford Southgate 

(188 1) V. St James's, Hollo- V. St James's, Pad- 


V. St Peter's, Lower 
(1878) V. St Mary's, Brighton 

(1876) V. Woodside, S. Nor- 

V. St Michael's, Stoke 

Y. Nettleden, Hemel 

V. Ezminster 

The following books by members of the College are 
announced : — The evidence of things not seen : 1 From Nature^ 
a From Revelation, by J. A. Fleming D.Sc, F.R.S. (S.P.C.K.) ; 
Billiards, mathematically treated, by G. W. Hemming K.C. 
(Macmillans); Milton^s Areopagiiica, A speech for the liberty of 
unlicensed ptinting, with introduction and notes by H. B. Cotterili 
M.A. (Macmillans); Village Setmons, By the late Rev F. 
Burnside. With a brief memoir by one of his sons (Skeflfington) ; 
History of the Indian Mutiny, by G. W. Forrest C.I.E., 
ex-director of Records, Government of India (Blackwoods) 1 
Strained Allegiance, by R. H. Forster (J. Long); English Public 
Schools, by J. Lewis Paton, High Master of Manchester Grammar 
School (The St George's Press) ; Tacitus, Histories^ Book iti, by 

Our Chronicle, 263 

W, C. Sommers (University Press) ; G. H. R. Garcia^ Memoir^ 
Sermons and addresses, by the Rev J. G. Henderson (James 
Clarke); Collected Essays, by the late S. Arthur Strong, librariaa 
to the House of Lords, \vith a memoir by Lord Balcarres 
(Duckworth); English Ballads^ old and new^ Selected and 
annotated for the young by H. B. Cotterill (Macmillans) ; 
SeleciUns from Wordsworth. Preceded by LowelVs Essay on 
Wordsworth', annotated by H. B. Cotterill (Macmillans); The 
Life and Letters of R. S, Hawker {^sometime Vicar of Morwenstow), 
By his son-in-law, C. E. Byles. With two sketches by the Earl 
of Carlisle, lithographs by J. Ley Pethybridge, and reproduc- 
tions from portraits, photographs, etc. (Lane); Cornish Ballads 
and other Poems. By R, S. Hawker, Vicar of Morwtnstcw* 
Edited, with an Introduction, by C. E. Byles. With numerous 
illustrations by J. Ley Pethybridge and others (Lane). 

The following University appointments of members of the 
College have been made since the issue of our last number:-— 
Mr A. C. Seward to be Chairman of the Examiners for the 
Natural Sciences Tripos 1905 ; Mr E. E. Sikes to represent the 
University at the International Congress of Archaeology to be 
held at Athens in April 1905; Dr D. MacAlister to be a member 
of the General Board of Studies ; Mr C. E. Sayle to be a member 
of the Fitzwilliam Museum Syndicate ; Dr H. F. Baker and Mr 
A. C. Seward to be members of the Library Syndicate; Dr 
H. F. Baker to be a member of the Observatory Syndicate; 
Mr A. C. Seward to be a member of the University Press 
Syndicate; Mr L. H. K. Bushe-Fox to be a member of the 
Senate House Syndicate ; Mr J. E. Purvis to be a member of the 
State Medicine Syndicate ; Dr D. MacAlister to be a member of 
the Special Board of Medicine; Dr J. E. Marr to be a member 
of the Special Board for Biology and Geology; Dr D. 
MacAlister to be a member of tiie Board of Geographical 
Studies; Mr E. E. Foxwell to be an examiner in the English 
Essay for the second part of the Previous Examination ; Mr J. 
Robinson to be an examiner in German for the Additional 
Subjects of the Previous Examination ; Mr A. C. Seward to be a 
member of the Degree Committee of the Special Board for 
Geology and Biology; Mr T, S. P. Strangeways and Dr D. 
MacAlister to be examiners for the third M.B. examination ; 
Mr W. H. R. Rivers to be a member of the Special Board for 
Moral Science; Mr E. J. Rapson to be an Examiner for the 
Oriental Languages Tripos in 1905 ; Mr L. H. K. Bushe-Fox to 
be a member of the Special Board for Law ; Dr D. MacAlister to 
be a member of a Syndicate to consider the question of the 
provision of rooms for the purpose of holding University 
Examinations ; Mr R. F. Scott to be a member of the Board of 
Electors to Livings in the patronage of the University ; Mr 
G, B. Mathews to be an examiner for the Adam's Prize to be 
awarded in the year 1907 : Mr G. T. Bennett to be a member of 

264 Our ChiomCU, 

tlie Special Boird for Music; Mr J. J. II. Teall to be a member 
of the Board of Electors to the Woodwardian Professorship of 
Geology ; Professor W. F R. Weldon to be a member of the 
Board of Electors to the Professorship of Zoology and Compara- 
tive Anatomy ; Mr W. A. Cox to be an examiner for the Special 
Examination in Theology ; Mr T. R. Glover to be an examiner 
for the Stewart of Rannoch Scholarships in Greek and Latin ; 
Dr Sandys to be an adjudicator for the Members Latin Essay 

We have received the following communication from a 
correspondent in the Transvaal: "The other night I was 
riding home to the mine across the veldt about i a.m. It was 
inky dark, so by way of encouraging my horse and myself I 
commenced singing. I was gaily shouting the old L.M.B C. 
boating song at the top of my lungs, when in the pause as my 
horse breasted the rise I heard the sound of another horse. 
I continued singing, and presently out of the darkness came the 
challenge : ' Halt, brother Johnian ! ' I reined in, and found 
that I was held up by one of the Police. ' Haven't heard that 
for ten years,* he said. We rode on for a mile or so. He was 
up in the early nineties, but as he did not tell me his name I did 
not ask it.'' 

An article in *• Temple Bar" on Wordsworth's sojourn at 
Alfoxden (to be near Coleridge at Nether Sto\ve\ ) contains a 
pleasing story. A Cumberland *' statesman " had walked a long 
distance to hear a meeting which was to be addressed by 
someone of importance. Presently he was seen emerging wiih 
the disgusted remark: **Nobbut old Wadsworth o' Rydal, 
efter aw I " 

Professor Mayor having presented a large number of books to 
the Library of the University of Turin, and having bet?n 
instrumental in getting others to following his example, has 
received the following letter : — 

Biblioteca Nazionale 
de Torino 
il 26 Nov. 1904 
Reverendo ed Illustre Signore 

Giunsero di questi giorni da Londra le casse continente il 
ricchissimo dono che Ella voile fare a questa Biblioteca 
Nazionale, concorrendo cosi con nobil atto di solidarieta ulla sua 
ricostituzione. Ma io voile scriver le solo dopo aver preso 
visione dei libri: ci6 che mi fu possibile soltanto oggi. Ed oggi 
non so darvero come porgerle adequate grazie della preziosa 
suppellettile libraria, che la Biblioteca e gli studiosi debbono 
alia di Lei illuminata iiberalita, e della quale nessun dono di 
privati stranieri supero la copia. 

II nome deir illustre donatore, del celebrato professore e 
scrittore, del '*Nestore dei filologi classici/' non solamente avri 

Our Chronicle, 265 

iin primissimo posto nel Lihro d*oro della Biblioteca; esso sari 
repetuto in opposito ex libris su ciascuno dei 710 volumi dei 
quali spoglio la sua Biblioteca per arricliirne la nostra. A giorni 
anche le in viero copia di due rccentissimi puhlicazioni 
riferentisi alia grande sciagura che colpi questa Biblioteca 
Nazionale, quanto ed inesorabile danno ni derivasse : tenue 
Segno della gratitudine di Torino e degli studiosi, della quale io 
verrei parmi interprete, e che non Le so dire, ma die durer4 
quanto i preziosi volumi che Ella don6, e piu ancora nella storia 
del rinnovamento della Biblioteca nostra. 

Voglia, illustre signore, gradire i sensi della mia piu alta 
considerazione, i miei devoti ossequii 

II Bibliotecario Capo 
Carolo Frati. 

P.S. Un ritratto fotografico dello S. V. Chiarissima sarebbe 
assai gradito a questa Biblioteca, la quale lo conserverebbe neli' 
albo dei donatori piii insigni e Cinemeriti. 

Rev John E. B. Mayor, M.A, 
St John's College, Cambridge. 

Professor Mayor has received from the University of Turin 
two volumes: 

(i) Ulnctndio della R. Biblioteca Nazionale di Torino, 
Prefazione de Pasquale Villari. 

(2) Inventario dei Codici Super stiti Greci e Latini antichi della 
Bihliotfca Nazionale de Torino, 

Each volume is specially bound, and on the cover is stamped : 
Al chiarissimo Prof. John E. B. Mayor M.A., della Universita di 
Cambridge in omaggio ed in segno di imperitura riconoscenza 
offre La Biblioteca Nazionale di Torino. 

Professor Mayor has placed the volumes in the College 

We take the following paragraph from The Sheffield Indepen- 
dent for February 3 : 

The people of Sheffield will be pleased to hear that this week 
the Rev Albert Baines (13. A. 1893), of All Saints' Church, is the 
recipient of a novel gift on the part of a London paper. Some 
time ago the Editor of the •* Sunday Circle," a weekly religious 
journal, made a novel offer to his readers. He determined to 
send some deserving minister for a free trip to the Holy Land 
by means of the tours under the direction of Dr H. S. Lunn. 
Accordingly he invited his readers to send in the name of the 
minister whom they considered most deserving of such a gift. 
The voting proved most spirited. The names of hard working 
ministers from all parts of the kingdom were sent in in shoals, 
and it was a huge task to examine the votes and to award the 
gift. It would appear that the people of Sheffield, especially the 
members of the big Bible class at All Saints', were determined 

«66 Our CkfoHute. 

that the Rev Albert Baines should be the fortunafe man who 
should have the instructive trip in Bible lands — a trip worth 
^75, and quite beyond the means of the average clergyman, so 
that it will be even more appreciated than if taken in the 
ordinary way. A big canvass has been going on for several 
weeks, with the result that Mr Baines secured no fewer than 
11,136 votes. As this was the largest number of papers 
received, Mr Baines has secured the gift. All arrangements are 
being made with Dr Lunn in London for the trip, and within 
the next week or so Mr Baines will start for his holiday in the 
Holy Land. 

Mr C. Jinarajadasa (B.A. 1900) has been delivering a scries 
of Lectures at the Rooms of the Theosophical Society. Room 
426, Athenaeum Building, 26 £. Van Buren Street, Chicago. 
The dates and subjects of his lectures are as follows : — January 
I, The Unity of Religion; January 8, Hinduism : i. The Vedas 
and Brihmanas; January 15, ii. The Upanishads and the Six 
Philosophies; January 22, iii. The Eclectic Philosophy of the 
Bhagavad Git4 ; January 29, Buddhism : i. The Ethical System ; 
February 5, ii. Mystic Buddhism ; February 12, The Religion of 
Zoroaster ; February 19, The Religions of China ; February 26, 
The Religion of Ancient Egypt ; March 5, The Religion of 
Greece and Rome; March 12, The Christian Mysteries; 
March 19, The Religion of Mohamed; March 26, Science and 
Religion of the Future. 

^lr Jinarajadasa was Cox of the First Boat in the May 
Races of 1898. A reference to him occurs in Mr VV. Herries 
Pollock's Animals ih^ii havt owned us, 1904, p, 72f. : A fore- 
word on Cats. Mankind, considered in regard to cats may 
be conveniently divided into four big classes, i. Those 
who love cats; 2. Those who hate cats; 3. Those who are 
indifferent to cats ; 4. Those who love cats, but can't abide 
them, ♦ ♦ ♦ For the indifferents' sake I will quote one striking 
example from personal knowledge, and one from a letter 
kindly sent to me by a kind correspondent. Mr C. Jinarajadasa. 
whose experience I must confess overtops my own. * * ♦ 
••I picked (the cat) up," he wrote, **as a stray one, one winter 
morning in London nine years ago, since when it has been most 
attached to me. When 1 went up to Cambridge I had to take 
her with me each term. The last year she lived with me in my 
College rooms in St John's. She was especially fond of 
promenading about with me in the Trinity and John's backs, 
much to the curiosity of passers by. She has been to several 
farmhouses in the southern counties, and once had three months 
of river life at Goring. She used now and then to go out in the 
launch with us. When I went to Ceylon three years ago, she 
accompanied me and adapted herself to life on board a big 
steamer. She used to promenade the decks with me in the 
morning. From Ceylon she made a trip with me to India, 

Our Chfcnicle, 267 

going as far as Madras. Six months ago I left Ceylon to come 
to Italy. As none of the lines going to Italy would take a cat, I 
came by the Bibby line with her to Marseilles. We spent a day 
at Mentone with some friends and then came to Rome. After a 
stay there she has travelled with me to Florence, Bologna, 
Pistoja, R(ilan, Turin. She will go later to Como, Genoa, and 
Leghorn, and so back to Rome.*' 

May my correspondent and his cat live long and prosper. 

Noie. — Since these lines were in print, I have heard with 
great regret from Mr Jinarajadasa, that the cat has succumbed, 
quietly, to an illness with which her tribe are sometime afflicted. 

English Essay Prizes 1904. 

{For the subjects see Vol. ixv. p. 365). 

Third Year: M. F. J. McDonncU. 
Second Yean No Essay sent in. 
First Year: R. Meldrum. 

P. N. F. Young. 

Entrance Scholars and Exhibitioners. 

Elected 16 December 1904. 
Commencing residence October 1905. 

Foundation Scholarships of £%o : 

Barnes, G. G. (Owen's School, Islington), for Ataihefftatics, 
Jones, R. McN. (Latymer Upper School, Hammersmilh), /br 

Dodd, R. P. (Dean Close School, Cheltenham}/0r Classics, 

Foundation Scholarships of £to : 

Dunkley, H. F. (Wellingborough Grammar School), for Mathematics, 

Minor Scholarships of £to : 

Marrack, J. R. (Blundell's School, Tiverton), for Mathematics. 
iVndcrson, L. R. D. (Rugby School), /£>r Classics. 
Farncllj F. R. (Northampton County School), /or Natural Science. 
Whiddington, R. (William Ellis Endowed School), /or Natural Science. 

Foundation Scholarships of £\<o : 

Leonard, P. T. (Newport Intermediate School), /or Mathematics. 
Ross, T. E. C. (Rugby School), /or Mathematics. 
Rose, ±1. A. (Uppingham School), /or Classics. 

Exhibitions of £1^ : 

Comey, L, G. (Warrington Grammar School), /or Classics. 

Hicks, F. W. (Durham School), /(?r Classics. 

Smith, R. B. (Pocklington Grammar School), ybr Classics. 

Dollman, J. G. (St Paul's School), /or Natural Science. 

AUott, C. B. S. (Dewsbury Grammar School), /or Natural Science. 

A vocal and instrumental recital was given in the College 
Chapel on Sunday, February 19th at 8.45 p.m. The audience 
was very large. The principal piece was a composition of J. S. 
Bach, 80 little known that it is doubtful if it has ever before been 

263 Our Chronicle, 

performed in England. There is no record of its having been 
adopted, for instance, as a work of the Bach Society. It is only 
within the last six months that it has been published in 
accessible form. We append the complete programme of the 

I. — Trauer Odh, 
for solo voices, chorus, orchestra and organ. ^. 5. Bach (1685-1750). 
'Soprano: Miss M. Rogers, 
c^i :.*. Contralto : Miss M. Tohiison, 
Soloists -Tv^^, Mr J. Reed. 

^Bass : Mr J. Evans. 
At the Organ : Mr W. H. Kenridge. 
Conductor: Mr C. B. Rootham. 

(The Ode will be sung in German. An English Paraphrase of the original 
archaic poem, written for this performance by Mr Sedley Taylor, is here 


(1) Chorus. 

Send forth, O Royal Lady, from Salem's starry realm, yet one more 
glance, and see how with fast-flowing tears we stand around tby tomb. 

(2) Recitative (Soprano). 

Thy Saxony is numb with grief before tby grave : the tearful eye, the 
speaking voice, proclaim our mighty giief : here mourn alike the Monarch, 
Prince, and Land, noble and burgher. How wailed the people when they 
heard that thou wert gone 1 

(3) Air (Soprano). 

Silence, ye tuneful strings ! No sounds can rightly tell the country's 
grief at its dear Mother's death. O word of woe t 


(4) Recitative (Contralto). 

The clangour of the bells shall rouse with heavy-swinging bronze the 
terrors of our stricken souls, and pierce us to the heart. O that these 
boding tones that fill our ears could bear to neighbouring lands the 
witness of our grief. 


(5) Air (Contralto). 

How cheerily died our heroine I How boldly did her spirit strive and 
leave to death naught but her mortal part ! 

(6) Recitative (Tenor). 

Her life showed us how to die with unshaken constancy : thus did she 
banish far all fear of death. O blest is he whose spirit rises o'er the 
earthly, who trembles not at grave and charnel-house when his Creator 
bids him go I 

(7) Chorus. 

In thee, thou pattern of great women, in thee, O queen, defendress of 
the faith, we see this greatness of the soul. 


Our Chronicle. 5I69 


(8) Air (Tenor). 

The sapphire-coloured Throne withdraws thy raptured gaze from ns 
poor denizens of earth, and wipes its memory out. Around thee shines 
a mighty radiance by which our day is tuiaed to darkness and our sua 


(9) Recitative (Bass). 

Thou who wert here the model of all queenliness, now standest before 
the thronM Lamb, bearing no purple robe of pride, but innocence's 
vesture white, and dost deride the abandoned crown. 

(10) Arioso (Bass). 

Where'er the Saxon rivers flow, in busy towns, on village greens, thy 
praises rise from mouraer's lips. 

(11) Chorus. 

And yet, O queen, thou dtest not: we know tSiy lasting worth; 
posterity will not forget thee till the Great Day brings worlds to naught. 
Ve poets, write for all to read that she was virtue's own, her people's boast, 
tite head and chief of queens. 


[This Ode was composed hi 1727 for the death of Queen Christiana 
Ebei hardine, Electress of Saxony. It is interesting as being the " original " 
of the lost <' St Mark Passion " music. It contains some of J. S. Bach's finest 
writing, and sustains its musical interest throiighout, both in solos and 
choruses. The broad and massive effects of the opening chorus are due to the 
wonderful polyphony ; violins and violas, wood*wind, gambas, have each thek 
several inaependent parts, all contributing a soaority which is intensified by 
the dramatic utterances of the chorus. The solos throughout are beautiful and 
expressive ; the recitatives have all the significance that Bach displays in his 
best work, the most remarkable being No. a, where the bell-like effect of the 
reiterated notes on the wood-wind succeeded by pizzicato arpeggi on the 
strings, and the solemn pulsations in the bass, produce a strange and most 
dramatic effect. As the Ode progresses the music brightens with th« 
changing character of the words, and the last chorus is in Bach's simplest and 
most melodious style, thus rounding off one of tlie finest " occasional*^ works 
ever composed.] 

n.— MOTETT, 

(unaccompanied) m 6 parts (S.S.A.T.T.B.).. . .i\iZfj/ri«« (15281572) 

The Chorus. 


for organ and orchestra in B flat (No. 3 of the 2nd %t\),. Handel (1685-1759) 

Allegro (j) : Spiritoso (j) : Minuet. 

At the organ : Dr AJan Gray. 


O bone Jesu, exaudi me, et ne permittas me separari a te ; ab host« 
maligno defende me ; in hora mortis meac vocal me, et pone me juxta te, ut 
cum angelis et Sanctis tuis laudem te Dominum, salvatorem meum in saecuU 
saeculorum. Amen. 


2;o Our Chronicle. 

Laeht Margakbt Boat Club. 

Presiiini—X., H. K, Ba.she-Foz» Treasurer—'^ F. Scotf. FirH 
Captaift'^J. Eraser. Second Captain — ^H. G. Frean. Hon, Secretar^-^ 
P. J. Lewis, funior Treasurer— h., G. L. Hnnt. First Lent Captain-^ 
H. S. Crole-Rees. Second Lent Captain— Y. A. R. liiggins. Tkiad Lent 
Captain—^, R. J. Easton. Additional Captain—)^. Meldrum. 

The 'Varsity Boat Race is fixed to take place on April ist. 
H. Sanger, the President, has been very busy this term picking 
his men, and for the first ten days he had out two crews, one of 
which was stroked by P. J. Lewis. The President has been 
very unfortunate in losing some of his best men through illness, 
but we hope all his troubles are now over. Sanger is now 
rowing in his old place at bow. We wish him the best of luck 
during the next three weeks, and especially on April ist. 

The Lent Races were held this year on March i, 2, 3, 4- 
Practice was carried out on the whole under much pleasanter 
conditions than last year, though during the latter part of the 
term there were some nasty cross winds which troubled the 
crews a good deal. As usual all the crews suffered from a lack 
of heavy men, and also from a great scarcity of material. This 
term's rowing was not backed up as it should have been by old 
Colours. There were no less than fourteen old Lent Colours 
who were eligible to row, and could not bring themselves to do 
what little they could on the river for the benefit of the College. 
The redeeming feature, however, was that among those men 
rowing, both Colours and Non-Colours, there was the greatest 
keenness, which made the whole term's rowing most enjoyable. 

The prospects at the beginning of the term were by no 
means rosy, but under Mr Bushe-Fox's coaching the first boat 
came on a great deal, and was beginning to do fast times when 
misfortune overtook it. I'ill within a fortnight of the races the 
crew had remained unchanged, but then Lush had to retire from 
Seven through influenza, his place being filled by Crole-Rees. 
By the time he had recovered, it was too late to alter the order 
of the crew again, and it was with great regret that It was 
decided that Lush would not have time to settle down into a new 
position at bow. 

Besides this, Five and Two were both very seedy in the week 
before the races, and substitutes for one or the other had to row 
until the day before, so that the crew had no chance of getting 
together before the races. 

The second and third boats were both very light, and 
suffered a good deal from the above-mentioned short-comings 
of old Colours. They hardly seemed to row as well in the races 
as in practice, but this is probably to be accounted for by the ill- 
health of some of the men. 

The crews were very kindly entertained to dessert by Mr 
Bushe-Fox, Mr Lister, and their captains an^ coaches : they are 

Our Chronicle. 27 1 

also indebted lo Mr Scott and Mr Bushe-Fox for so kindly 
inviting them to breakfast. 

Fini Night. The third boat were bumped by King's II. at 
Post Comer. 

Second boat rowed pluckily, but were steadily overhauled by 
King*s I., and bumped in the Post Reach. 

First boat went up rapidly on ist Trinity I. at Post Corner^ 
and rowing well together bumped them at the Red Grind, 

Second Night, Tliird boat kept away from Hall IIL as far as 
the gut, where they were bumped. 

Second boat rowed well up the Post Reach, but fell to pieces 
at the corner, and were bumped in the Gut by Sidney. 

First boat easily kept away from ist Trinity and rowed over 

Third Night. Third boat lost their 3 through influenza, his 
place being taken by Hallack, who rowed untrained. In spite 
of this misfortune they rowed most pluckily and kept their 

Second boat were unfortunate in suddenly finding behind 
them the ever victorious Corpus boat, who had come up by an 
over-bump. They got a good start, but were rapidly overhauled, 
and bumped in the middle of the Post Reach. 

First boat, through a misunderstanding at the start, got on 
the bank and lost a length. They got away, however, and were 
their distance at Grassy, but they never got together, and, going 
to pieces badly at Ditton, were bumped at the Willows, 

Fourth Night. Third boat were caught in the Post Reach by 
ist Trinity IV., an exceedingly heavy crew. 

Second boat got as far as Ditton, where they were bumped by 
St. Catharine's. 

First boat went up on Jesus, and were within about three- 
quarters of a length at Grassy : from there, however, they fell 
away, and rowed over. They were much better together than 
on the previous night. 

Kames and weights of the crews : -^ 

First B^at. 

St. lbs. 

J. B. Ronaldson (bcw) .... 10 2\ 

aH.A.Laidlaw 10 6 

3 T.M.Sibiy ii ij 

4 A. G. P. Fayertnan 12 o 

5 R. Meld rum la 9 

6 F. A. R. Higgins lO 12 

7 H. C. Crole-Kees lO 3 

P. J. Lewis {stroke) 10 12} 

N. Worrall (f<».v) 8 i 

Second Boat. 

St. lbs, 
J. Lask (&0w) 9 9 

2 J. H. Beiitley 10 la 

3 W. W. C. Topley 10 10 

4W.K.Hay 11 0} 

5 R. T.Cole 13 IS 

6 D. Kingdon ii 13 

7 R. H. Vercoc 10 12^ 

R. D. B. Brownson (str§ke) 10 o 
A. D. Taylor {cox) 9 4 

^7 2 Our CkrontcU. 

Third Boat, 

St, ibs„ 
C. F. Hodges (&7w) ...... 9 7 

S D. Mc K. Ohm 10 3 

3 J.H. G.Philp II 3 

4 R. F. Tones 10 8 

5 F.G.Rose II 4 

6 N. Lincoln 11 a 

7 G. C. Shannon 10 4 

A. C. Belgrave {stroke) .... 911 
L. G. Crawford {cox) 8 6 

Characters of the Crews : 

First Boat, 

Bow^WorkM hard, bat mnst sit up at the finish and keep belter lime. 
Came on considerably at the end of practice. 

7w0— Has an easy style, and rows long: with more strength would be 
useful. Always does his best. 

2hree^Tnts hard, but must get hold of it quicker and use his legs more. 

/Jwr— Lies back too far and too long, and so is unsteady forward. Should 
use his legs more, and be less jerky. Is improving. 

.ff'vf— Has improved since last year, but has still to leam to get his weight 
on at the beginning. Rowed very well in the races. 

Six — Is rowing in much better style. A very hard worker, can always be 
relied on to do his best. 

Seven — Rather unsteady forward, but rowed very pluckily and kept good time. 

Stroke — Has good style, and a long and steady swing forward, but is inclined 

to laboar the finish, and get short at a fast stroke. On the whole 

stroked admirably. 

Cox — ^Takes comers neatly, but has yet to leam the art of steering in the 

Second Boat, 

Bow — Has good style at one end of the oar, and should try to cover the 
blade up at once and not row it in gradually. Rowed pluckily in 
the races in spite of late illness. 

Two — Should try to swing in one piece; drops back suddenly at finish* 
Would row better if he could see nimself. 

7%r/^— Works hard regardless of everything ; must sit up and start shoving 
sooner ; should finish the stroke before coming forward. 

Four — ^Tries and works hard, making no impression on the water. Probably 
gets very tired in his arms. Should use his weight, not his muscles. 

Piije — Should take the stroke right through in one piece, starting sooner. 
Has a short swing, perhaps unavoidably. Behaved pluckily considering 
bis health. 

5i!«— Must try and keep a straight back, and not forget to swing. Would 
have good style if he practiced more. Always worked hard. Should 
keep his blade covered. 

Seven^l^M an awkward finish, which would be easily cured. Should 
remember there may be nine men waiting for him. 

5/rtf*^— Improved greatly last half of the term, must not hurry the finish ; 
should try and keep a straight back. Might consider his crew more^ 
Rowed pluckily in the races, but was defealad by better boats. 

Our CkronicU. 273 

Cox — Steered well daring the races. The crew are glad of encouragement 
and information, but will not be driven. 

Third Boat. 
Bom — Is fairly neat. Should try to keep bis blade coTcred. Might work 

harder. Has improved since last year. 
Two — Must try to steady himself forward and sit up at the finish. Woiked 

T^r^^-Must learn to keep his eyes in the boat. Should try not to tu^ the 

finish. Could have done more work. Has an awkward finish, and not 

much swing. Rowed well in the races considering he was untrained. 

Four-^K hard worker, but very unsteady forward. Must be smarter with his 
hands and try to keep a straight back. 

^nv— Did a lot of work, but with his arms. Must keep his blade covered* 

Has improved since last term. 
Six — Is apt to fall away at the finish ; must watch the time carefully. 
Stven — Always works hard. Has no control of his body, and lies much too far 

back at the finish ; consequently is unable to last long. 

Stroke^%\M7t a marked improvement since last year. Must mark the 
beginning more for his crew. 

Cox — Steered faiily well ; apt to take corners too wide. Must acknowledge 
bumps as soon as they are made. 

Non-Smoking Smoker. 

A most successful Non-Smoking Smoker was held in Lecture 
Room VI on February 27th, the gun being fired at 8.15 p.m. 
At the signal the First Court Fiddler proceeded to jerk in. 
••Why is he called a fiddler ?'* asked some one, wonderinglyr 
but he was left to puzzle it out for himself. After Mervyn had 
dropped his jaw iii that unique style of his own, the " Ridley 
Runner" sprinted in fine form. Then the Four appeared in two 
successive heats \ they rowed exceedingly well in both, especially 
in the second, which is rather surprising considering that all 
the time they were making, jokes at the expense of the Umpire 
and some of the bystanders. After an inspiring boating song 
by Captain Knowhare, we witnessed a most painless and even 
diverting vivisection by our medical attendant. The Jocund 
Littel Onne now came on and scored a huge success with his new 
and original version of "John Mackay." That the President's 
innovation was a success goes without saying, and later he and 
the above mentioned Ridley Runner made a most awe-inspiring 
combination. The Coach travelled beautifully, and shortly 
afterwards broke into a cake walk, which so worked upon the 
audience that they could hardly restrain themselves from jumping 
up and accompanying it in person. The '' Lamentations " of 
Joshua would seem almost incongruous after such a performance, 
but they were more cheerful than the name would lead one to 
expect. After a competition in extempore speaking between 
the three strokes, the proceedings were brought to a close with 
the Lady Margaret Boat Song and the National Anthem. The 
crews then got out and ran home, carrying the boats on their 

^74 Our Chronicle. 

Among those present were Mr Sikes, Mr Listeri Mr Rootham» 
and tlie Rev Robertson. 

The programme was as follows :— 

L. M. B. C. 

Non-Smokino SmokbRi 

February tiih^ 190$. 

Gun 8.15 pm. 

In ihi Saddle - - Bushey. 


1. A Jbrk In Scrapes 

By the First Court Fiddler. 

2. A Jaw Towpa/h Fancies 

Dropped by M.H. 

3. A Race Laplander 

By the Ridley Runner. 

4. A Start by the Coachless Four "As you like il " 


• Guard. 

5. A Vivisection Educational 

By the Professor. 

6. Serenade in C •• .. •• •• Neio Ci. 

By a Jocund Littel Onne. 

7. Another Innovation, . , , from Lillle Maty 

By the President. 

8. Knowharb Opera Don Q. 

By R. D. AD lib MacBrown. 

9. A Drag A Break 

A Coach. 

10. Lamentations .. .. ^« •• Selected 

By Joshua. 

11. Boating Song . • .. 

N.B. The Performers prefer subdued applause. 
N.B.6. Get out, and run home. 

0«^ Chronicle. 


Pickets 1 ! Pickets! 1 Pickets 1 1 
Promotes S.C.U.R.V. 

J.H.B. writes : I have tried your 
« Pickets" and find that they sit 
heavily on the chest, whence they 
ai e with difficulty removed. 

P.S. I got three ddy% off rowing. 

There was a fine fellow called 
Who got his hands out with 
a banga, 
Said the Coach, <<I say, Cock, 
We have got one in Stock, 
For no Bow could be better 
than Sanga." 

Concerts 1 1 Concerts ! ! 

All kinds of Entertainments 
arranged. Long list of successes. 
Secrecy maintained, if desired. 

Apply AOONT. 

Don Q. 

Enormous waste of Coal some- 
where between Boathouse and 
Dillon duiing the morning. No. 5 
Qiialiiy still in reseiTe, orders of 
14 tons and upwards CARTED 

For all information as to where* 
abuuts and other garments apply 

Heard at the Zoo. 

Sit her quite steadily, 
'Old tight Roy. 

Dlanod? fetaw rieht revoc 
tnod ohw. 

Three Fives make fifteen 
although two make twenty- 
six, being the length and 
breadth thereof. 

East Anglian Water Rat 

under the Management of 

except when in the water. 

Jeremiad from the ist Boat. 
Efty Iggins 
Pigeons Pick Ups 

Cats may do more than look 
at Queens. 

Association Football Club. 

We have already dealt with last term's matches in tho 
December Eagie. 

Not till this term have we been able to put a full side into 
the field, our Captain and I. J. Best once more making a wel- 
come appearance. The team was thus properly reorganised 
and the defence greatly strengthened. 1. J. Best took up a 
new position at inside right, and added greatly to the efficiency 
of the attack. 


Our Chronicle. 

In drawing with Clare on their ground, and defeating them 
on our ground, the team brought oS two of their best per- 

The 2nd XL has shown very good form this season, and a 
match has been arranged with a view to getting it into the 
3rd Division of the League. It is to be hoped that our efforts 
in this direction will prove successful, and that the standard of 
play will thereby be improved throughout the College. 

The following is a list of matches : — 




LSAOUB Matchrs. 
Drawn, Lost, Goals for, 
12 24 

OotUs agst. 

Other Matches. 




For, Agst, 
..I.. ..2 




Club, Result, 

Caius. ....•••...•■ Lost 

•Clare Drawn 

•King's Won 

•Jcsus! Won , , . , 

Selwyn (A) ,,...... .Won , 

Queens' Lost ....••••. 

Norwich Won 

•Trinity Rest Won 3 

•Caius • Lost 2 

•Clare Won 4 

•Pembroke Lost 2 

Middlesex Hospital . • Won 9.. ..2 

* Denotes League Matches, 


G, M, C, Taylor, — A very sound goal-keeper : has shown consistently good 
form throughout the season. 

H, D. Wahely, — A very good back> whose hard tackling has been one of th« 
features of the season. 

B, T, Walts, — Has captained the side with great success : was unfortunately 
crocked the first half of the season : is a good kick and uses his head well. 

M, W, Baker, — A strong tackier, but lacks pace: uses his head well: has 
improved greatly on his last year's form. 

F, Johnston, — A clever half who tackles well and makes good openings for 
his forwards : should follow up his forwards more often. 

R, E, A^^fwd^r^.— Rather light for his place, but plays pluckily : has a good 
knowledge of the game. 

W, Coop, — An energetic forward : centres well, but lacks control of the ball. 

A, L, Gorringe.^\\\ his first term played with moderate success at inside 
left : played outside this term : clever with his feet, centres well, but 
lacks dash. 

0»r Chronicles 277 

p. C. Samis.^Kas played very well the whole season : woiks extremely hard 
mud keeps his foi wards well together. 

/. /. Best.-'WsLS nnfoitnnately crocked last term : has proved a great addition 
to the forward hue : should shoot more often. 

C,/. S, JIamiltcM,-~llas a usef«l turn of speed: combines well with his 
inside man. 

H. G. GilL—Multum in parvo. Has plenty of dash and uses his weight 
well : a very fair shot« 

Rugby Union Football Club. 


ff» Lee (Centre three-quarter), Capt.— Owing to the calls made on him by the 
*Vaisity XV., has not been able to play very often for the College^ 
When he did, however, his piesence was always greatly felt, his tackling 
and kicking being invaluable. Taking up his position as centre three- 
quarter for the team, his pace and swerving powers were often a source of 
gieat anxiety to the opposing side. Has captained the team with cob« 
spicuous success. 

y» O, Scoular (Centre three-quarler)— Has, in the absence of Lee, been the 
mainstay of the three-quarter division, his kicking and tackling being very 
good. Is invariably close by when any movement is in progress, and 
through his pace has been able to score some very clever tries. Has been 
playing regularly for the 'Varsity this term at full-back, which position 
be has filled excellently. 


H, A. Beresfrrd (Wing three-quarter) — Has been handicapped somewhat 
through lack of pace, but has done good work in defence, showing no 
hesitation in dashmg in and stopping forward rushes. Should leaiu to 
put on speed when taking his passes. 

J^ J?. ZTiV/ (Centre three-quarter)— Is possessed of pace, bat does not vaiy ft 
sufficiently. An exit a burst would often carry liim through tlw (>ppo»fiiig 
defence. Always plays a sound game, but should learn the art uf 
drawing the opposing defeiKe from his wing, and wottld be greatly 
improved if he could kick with both feet. 

C fK £". Tiddy (Forward)— Has not been able to play very frequently this 
term. A useful forward, both in the scrum and in the loose. 

O* N, Coad (Forward)— A sound forward; good both in scrum and in the 
loose. Flays up hard, but mi^ht perhaps tackle with more vigour. 

Z>. Kingdon (Forward) — A good forward, especially in the loose. Plays a 
keen game, and always follows up hard— -dribbles well, but is inclined 
sometimes to kick too hard in the loose. 

C i/. B. Skene (Forward)— Has impro\^ed greatly with experience. Plays a 
good hard game, shoves hard in the scrum, and tackles well. 

f^ E, P, Allen (Forward) — A good heavy forward, very useful in the scrum— > 
might put more dash into his play in the loose, aud tackle lower. 


2 -J 8 Our Chronicle. 

A, E, Evans (Forward)— A thoroughly good forward both in tcmm aad in 
tlie loose. Is a good dribbler, follows up hard, and tackles well. His 
place-kicking is good and consistent, and has been of great use through- 
out the season. 

W. C. Thompson (Forward) — A strong and heavy forward, and plays with 
any amount of daah. Shoves very hard in the scrum, and makes full tise 
of his weight both here and out of touch, when he never loses a chance 
ofgelliug the ball. 

R, V. Hogan (Forward) — ^A light but good forward ; clever with his feet, and 
very quick iu the loose. Tackles low and hard. 

Van Heis (Wing three-quarter)— Is a greatly improved player since last 
season, having seized on openings with much greater dash than he used 
to, and owing to his great pace has consequently been able to make great 
use of them. His kicking is weak, and defence might be improved, but 
is a useful wing to have on the side. 

H. K. TTunnson (Full back) — Has not been playing with so much confidence 
this season, being inclined (o hesitate in front of forward rushes, with the 
result that he has often left his effort to stop rushes till too late. His 
kicking has been good, but there again if he could only kick with his 
left foot a httle, he would fiud himself more at home iu his position as 
fuU back. 

K. Z. B, Hamilton (Half-back) -Hat played a hard and sound game all the 
season. Is rather slow in taking and giving passes and in getting the 
ball away from the scrum, but knows how to make a good opening on the 
blind side of the scrimmage, and backs up his three-quarters splendidly. 
His defence is very sound, but weuld find that his spoiling tactics would 
be improved by a little more use of his feet. 

C. A, Cummins (Half-back) — Has got through a great deal of good work 
behind the scrimmage, ooth in stopping rushes and opening up the game. 
Is inclined to lun rather too far before transferring to hix three-quarters, 
thereby finding himself surrounded and unable to pass. 

C. B, MiddUton (Forward) — Has led the forwards splendidly, and although 
rather light, is a very hard worker and good scrimma^er. Owing to 
Lee*s absence has neaily always captained the team, and his success in 
that capacity is shown by the season's results. If only possessed of a 
little more weight would be a most powerful forward, and bound to go 
further than his College side. 

W. T. Ritchie (Three-quarter back).— Excellent both in attack and defence. 
Kicks strongly and accurately with either foot. Is very fast, and runs 
very strongly, wiih a splendid swerve. Has only been able to assist the 
College in a few matches, having been playing for the 'Varsity throughout 
the term. On those occasions his services were indeed invaluable. We 
must heartily cougiatulale him on being included iu the Scutch team 
against Ireland. 

General Athletic Club. 

A Committee meeting was held in Mr Sikes' rooms on 
Thursday, February i6th, at 8.15 p.m. There were also present 
Mr Scott and Messrs Ritchie, Watts, Fraser, Kingdon, Finch^ 
Craggs. Lewis, and Gorringe. 

Our Chronicle. 279 

The Minutes of the last meeting having been read and 
confirmed, the following re-elections were carried unanimously : 

Mr Sikes to be President, proposed by B. T. Watts, seconded 
by W. T. Ritchie. 

Mr Scott lo be Treasurer, proposed by B. T. Watts, seconded 
by A. L. Gorringe. 

Mr Graves to be Senior Member, proposed by W. T. Ritchie, 
seconded by J. Fraser. 

A letter was read from Mr Graves which stated that he might 
be unable to serve the whole year, but he was unanimously 
re-elected for so long a time as he should find possible. 

The following estimates were proposed and carried :— 

L.M.B.C. /no Hockey £\% 

Athletic Club ^'35 Lacrosse £1 

A list of members of the College who do not support the 
General Athletic Club having been submitted by the Treasurer, 
the following motion was proposed by D. Kingdon, seconded 
by W. T. Ritchie, and subsequently unanimously carried : That 
each Secretary shall be supplied with a list of those who have 
not joined the Amalgamation, and shall personally request the 
payment from those on the lists who have played without 

Athletic Club. 

i'rf/ii/#/f/—D. Kingdon. -»»«. 5'^r.—H. K. Finch. Committee-^Vf.T, 
Ritchie (ex-Preiidtfttt), A. J. Hamilton, J. F. Spink, L. J. P. Jolly, J. R. 
Hill, A. S. M. Van Hees, C. F. A. Keeble. JSx-omcio^J. Fraser, Capt. 

A highly successful meeting of this Club was held on 
March 8th and 9th, and it is believed that the number of entries 
received is a record for these sports. Fortunately the weather 
on both days was fine, but the ^ind on the second day precluded 
any good times from being made, though A. J. Hamilton may 
be congratulated on his perfoimance of the 120 yards in 12} 
from scratch. 

A new event was introduced in a race for teams representing 
the various clubs affiliated to the Amalgamation. This inno- 
vation proved less dangerous to the surrounding property than 
throwing the hammer, for which it was substituted. 

The following is a list of events and winners : — 

100 Yards 0/^/f .— A. J. Hamilton, i ; L. J. P. Jolly, 2. Time 1 1 sees. 

Putting tki Weight,^Vf. T. Ritchie, L. J. P. Jolly. 31 ft loj in. 

One MiU,^J. F. Spink, i ; D. Kingdon, 2. Time, 4 niins. 51 sees. 

120 Yanls Handicap —K* J. Hamilton, scratchy J. F. Spiuk, 3 y«If, 
Xiiiie 123-$ !>etb. 

28o Our Chronicle. 

High /ump,^W, T. Ritchie and C. A. Barber (lied), 4 ft. 11 J in. 

Quarter MiU.—'L, J. P. JoUy, i ; M. B. Checkland, 2. Time 55 1-5 ices. 

FnshmitCs 200 Yqrds.^T. M. Sibley, l; F. Johnston, 2. Time 
23 1-5 sees. 

Longfump.—Vf, T. Ritchie, i ; T. M. Sibley, 2. 18 ft. 2 J in. 

Hal/Mile.^. F. Spink, i ; D. Kingdon, 2. Time 2 min. 6 4-5 sees. 

Team Race, Two Laps.^(i) A.F.C. : A. J. Hamilton, W. Coop, R. E. 
Newbery, and F. Johnston; (2} L.M.B.C. : H. S. Crole-Kees, T. M. Siblcy» 
M. Henderson, W. K. Hay. 

Quarter Mile Handicap. — 'R, H. Veicoe, 25 yds., i ; A. L. Giorringe, 
18 yds., 2. Time 54 sees. 

College Servants* Handicap (200 Yards).— C. Allen, i ; F. Barton, 2. 

L M.B,C. Handicap (300 Yards).— C. H. G. Philp, 20 yds., i ; J. Fraser, 
20 yds., 2. 

Hurdles.— Y. Johnston, i ; C. A. Barber, 2. Time 21 sees. 

Three Miles Handicap.^G, C. Sharman, 500 yds., i : H. C. Honeybourae, 
520 yds., 2 ; J. Stokes, 3. Time 15 mins. 57^ sees. 

Stnmgtrs' Event, Hurdles Handicap.— K, R. Franklin, Pembroke, 
scratch, i ; K. Powell, King's, pen. 12 yds., 2. Time 18 sees. 

Hockey Club. 

Captain— W, T. Ritchie. Hon. Sec.—E. W. Green. 

This term we are unfortanately unable at the time of writing 
to record a single victory, and it is more than likely that next 
season will find our team playing in the 2nd Division. The 
pathos of this is complete when we remember the strength of 
our teams in recent years. Sic transit gloria mundu 

Eaglbs Lawn Tennis Club. 

A General Meeting was held in Mr R. F. Scott's rooms on 
December 7th, at which the following officers were elected : 

President^Mi R. F. Scott. Treasurer—H. Sanger. Secretary— H. S. 
Crole Recs. 

Lacrosse Club. 

President— J)r MacAIister. Captain^G. C. Craggs. Secretary— C. F. A. 


The season has opened with much brighter prospects than 
usual. With nine old colours available and some promising 

Our Chronicle. iZi 

recruits, we should be able to make a good show in the Inter- 
Collegiate Cup Contest. As a preliminary canter we have 
already proved victorious in matches with Mr F. P. Scott's XII. 
(5 — 4) and with King's College (8 — 5). The Cup matches with 
Emmanuel, Clare, Christ's, Selwyn, King's, Trinity, and Triidiy 
Hall are yet to be played. Our congratulations are due to 
li. Chappie on securing his half-Blue, 

Chess Club. 

President^Vix W. H. Ganston. Vice-President— -1. R. Airey. Hon, Sec.-^ 
£. E. TboinpsoQ. Hon. Treas,—K. Geake. CommitUe—C, G. Sharp, £. H. P. 


The Club meets every Friday at 8 p.m. 

The tournament in progress last term was completed in the 
beginning of this, the two finalists being F. W. Eldridge-Grecn 
and A. Geake. After a good game the former won. 

The first match took place on February i against the Trinity 
Three Roses Club. With only a weak team, we were defeated 
by 7 to 2. 

The chief interest of the Club was centred in the matches 
for the University Challenge Board. The first round brought 
Selwyn in opposition with us, and we scored an easy victory by 
4i to \. 

In the Semi-Final we had Trinity as our opponents, and, as 
at the first meeting, a draw resulted, a further match was 
necessary. This we won fairly easily, thus reaching the final, in 
which Pembroke is to be played. On the result of the matches 
with Trinity our prospects of securing the Board for the first 
time in our history look decidedly promising. 

The results of the matches in this competition are as follow : 

1st Round. v. Selwtn. 

St John's, Selwyn. 

G. Leathern \ T. A. Horrocks \ 

F. W. Edridge-Green .... i H.Murray o 

~ ~. P. Jolly I L.Bradley o 


. Beckett I H. Pochin o 

X.Geakc i W. W. H. Nash o 

41 1 

Semi -Final. v. T&inity. ist Match. 

Stjuhn^s. Trinity, 

G. Leathern \ T.Lodge \ 

F. W. Edridge-Green .... i J. W. Nicholson o 

L. LP. Jolly o C.Bethel I 

J.W.Beckett o A. S. Eddington I 

A. Geake , i A. W. MacMichael o 

iSz Our ChronicU. 

2Dd Match. 
Stjohn^s. Tnntty. 

G. Leathern i T. Lodge o 

F. W. Edridge-Green .... \ J. W. Nicholson 1 

L.J.P.JoUy I C.Bethel i 

A. Geake I A. S. Eddiii^ton o 

J.N.Beckett i A. W» MacMicluel o 

Natural Science Club. 

PrtsidttU^K, E. Staosfeld. Triosurer^Dr Marr. Seeretary^J, B. 

Four meetings of the Club have been held this term. At all 
of these the attendance has been full and the discussions 
animated and interesting. At the first meeting on January 30 

F. W. Edridge-Green expounded his theory of colour percep- 
tion. Mr Lister, on February 13, read a paper giving the 
results of his observations on the Dimorphism of Numniulites. 
At the next meeting, on February 27, T. B. Vinycomb discussed 
the problem of Flight and the success which has bern obtained 
in the solution of the problem. At the last meeting li, G, 
Frean read a paper on Agglutination. 

"G" Company. 

Captain— "B.. D. Brownson. Lieutenant— ¥, A. White (attached). 2nd 
Lieutenants — G. Rohinson, Ferguson, Fayerman (attached). Sergeants — 

G. C. Craggs, C. F. Keeble. Corporals— B^, M. Moore, J. Losk. Lance* 
Corporals— B^ E. Newbery, H. C. Rose, H. I. Robinson. 

This term has been a singularly eventful one as far as the 
Company is concerned. On Wednesday, February 8tli, a most 
successful Smoking Concert was held, at which the Colonel and 
Officers from other Companies were kindly present. Again oti 
Saturday, February 4th, the Company took part in the Field- 
day and general festivities in honour of the visit of the H.A.C. 

The Field-day at Oxford, which was unavoidably postponed 
last term, was held on March 7th, when a good number of 
Members of '*G" Company turned out, and a most enjoyable 
day they had. The Company formed the extreme right flank of 
the attack, and on the '< Cease Fire " sounding, had managed to 
get round the enemy's left, and so cut off his retreat. 

The Company entered a team of men for the Wale plate ; 
this is the first time **G" Company has taken part for several 
years, and we hope that this shows a growing keenness on the 
part of the present members. 

Our Chrouidc, 283 

On Friday, March 17th, the Annual Marching O.der Inspec- 
tion was held, when the officer Commanding the izth 
Regimental District inspected the Corps. Members of the 
Company are reminded tfiat Part I. of the Firing Exercises must 
be finished before the end of the present term, and as a great 
many have not begun no time should be lost in making use of 
the fine weather. 

Musical Society. 

President — Dr Sandys. Hon, Treasurer—'^ty A. J. Stevens M.A. 
Librarian — C. B. Rootham M.A., Mus. Bac. Htm, Secretary — G. C. Craggs. 
Assistant Secretary — A. G. P. Sayerman. Committee — A. Chappie, R, 
Turner, T. W. Whyc, J. Frascr, H. C. Rose, C. B. L. Yearslcy, A. Y. 

'* Smokers '' have not been a prominent feature this term ; 
nevertheless, the Musical Society has done some very solid work, 
of which the performance of Bach's " Trauermusik " was one of 
the results. 

A full report of the latter is given in this number. 

A "Smoker" will be given on the 15th inst., of which a 
report will appear in the next number of The Eagle, 

The Debating Society. 

President-^Z, N. Brooke. Vice-President-^^ , Coop. Treasurer-^ 
A. G. Coombs. Secretary— C. F. Hodges. 

Although this term has not been illuminated by any 
particularly brilliant maiden efforts, yet it has been especially 
noticeable for the gradual and steady maturation on the part of 
former speakers ; and on this account we can look back upon 
the past session with every feeling of satisfaction. The 
speeches have been on the whole better than usual, and 
the numbers of attendants has been well sustained. With 
regard to individual debates, the first dealt with the question of 
the Unemployed ; and if no great economic light was shed upon 
those sitting in darkness, Hon. Members were at all events 
saved the trouble of reading a ceitain article which appeared in 
one of the current magazines, and which furnished material for 
most of the speeches. 

The debate on ''Ghosts" was distinctly disappointing. 
It did not send us shivering to our beds, as it certainly ought to 
have done, nor cause us to lie awake anxiously counting the 
hours before the dawn. But it is difiicult to bind ghosts in 
chains of logic, and doubtless those into whose hands the 
subject was entrusted did their best. 

t84 Our ChfoHicte, 

Mr H. W. Harris (Ex^President) was listened to with great 
allention as he pleaded the cause of his forefathers, but 
prejudice, combined with the splendid reasoning of Mr C. R. 
Reddy, was too strong for him, and the House ''plunged^' in a 
body for the superiority of its own generation. Specialisation, 
which, like the good old-fashioned flowers, comes up every year, 
was treated in a somewhat lighter and more pleasing manner 
than usual. But probably the most successful debate of the 
term was that dealing with Sentimentality ; the dual between 
Mr C. R. Reddy and Mr L. U. Wilkinson being an interesting 
and instructive display of forensic fencing. 

We take the opportunity of congratulating Mr H. W. Harris 
on his appointment to the Secretaryship of the Union, and Mr 
C. R. Reddy on his becoming a candidate for that office. Wc 
wish him success. 

The following debates were held this term : 

January 28M — Mr A. 8. Coombs (Hon. Treas.) moved "That 
this House would welcome State Interference in the question of 
the Unemployed." Mr C F. Hodges (Hon. Sec.) opposed. 
There also spoke: for the motion, Mr J. C. Squire, Mr C. R. 
Reddy, Mr R. Meldfrum, Mr A. B. Johnston, Mr H. Edmonds, 
Mt J. H. W. Trumper, Mr F. Jenkins; against the moiisn^ 
Mr P. N. F. Young, Mr M. Henderson (Hon. Auditor), Mr H. K. 
Finch. The motion was carried by 3 votes. 

Fthruary 4M— Mr D. W. Ward moved " That in the opinion 
of this House Ghosts exist." Mr H. K. Finch opposed. There 
also spoke : for the motion^ Mr R. Meldrum, Mr H. W. Harris 
(Ex-President). Mr D. W. Rcnnie, Mr D. W. Coates, Mr 
M. Henderson (Hon. Auditor); against the motion, Mr R. E. T. 
Bell, Mr S. H. Castle. Mr A. Y, Campbell, Mr H. A. L. Laidlaw. 
The motion was carried by 1 o votes. 

Fthruary iiM— Mr H. W. Harris (Ex-President) moved 
"That in the opinion of this House we are not better than our 
fathers." Mr C. R. Reddy opposed. There also spoke : /or the 
motion, Mr D. W. Rennie, Mr M. Henderson (Hon. Auditor), 
Mr R. Meldrum, Mr W. T. Clissold ; against the motion^ Mr 
S. M. C. Taylor. Mr H. Edmonds. Mr F. Jenkins. Mr D. W. 
Ward, Mr P. N. F. Young. Mr J. E. P. Allen, Mr D. W. Coates. 
The motion was lost by 15 votes. 

February 18M— Mr H. A. L Laidlaw moved "That this 
House deplores the modern tendency to Specialisation." Mr 
P. N. F. Young opposed. There also spoke : for the motion, Mr 
A. Y. Campbell. Mr N. Worrall, Mr W. Byron Scott; against 
the motion, Mr W. H. C Sharpe, Mr W. Coop (Vice-President), 
Mr A. G. Coombs (Hon Treas.), Mr A. L. Gorringe. The 
motion was lost by 2 votes. 

. Our Chronicle. ^85 

February isfh^Mr L. U. Wilkinson moved "That this 
Mouse deplores the growing Sentimentality of the age.*' Mr» 
J. C. Squire opposed* There also spoke : for the motion, Mr 
J. H. V, Trumpet, Mr W. Byron-Scott, Mr H. K. Finch, 
Mr Z. N. Brooke (President) ; against the motion, Mr M. 
Henderson (Hon. Auditor^ Mr C. R. Reddy, Mr R. H. E. 
Somserset (Queens' College), Mr C. F. Hodges (Hon. Sec), Mr 
T. A. Weston, Mr R. Meldruro, Mr F. H. Grant. The motion 
was lost by 3 votes. 

The CoLLitQE Mission^ 

PresiiUnt "The Master. Vice-Presid^ntS'-The Presideilf, Mr Masoni 
Mr Graves, Dr Sandys, Mr Cox. Committee— Mr Dyson, Mr Hart {Senior 
Secretary), Mr Rootham, Dr Shore, Dr Tanner, Mr Ward, Dr Watsoa 
iSefiior Treasurer), R. E. T. Bell, R. Brownson, W. G. Cheese, W. Clissold, 
R. T. Cole i/unior Treasurer), H. S. Crole Rees, J. Eraser, H. G» Frean, 
H. W. Harris, F. A. R. Higgins {Junior Secretary), Hk C. Honeyboume, 
A. G. C. Hunt, W. T. Ritchie, H. Sanger, J» F. Spink, J. SlOkes. 

This term is remarkable in the history of the Mission as 
including the 21st anniversary of the beginning of the work in 
Walworth by Mr Philipps. Henceforth the Mission of the 
College and the College as Missioner are of age. Both College 
and Mission field are composed for the most part of a shifting- 
population, so that progress is necessarily retarded and chequered^ 
Each generation therefore, which for the time being is the 
College, must throw itself the more vigorously into this depart >< 
ment of College life and activity. Only so can we in our time 
be worthy successors of those who first set their hands to this 
work, and worthy predecessors of the future generaiions who 
will succeed us. 

To celebrate the occasion the Senior Missioner came up to 
College, and Dr Watson, "the father of the Mission." went 
down to Walworth. Hero Mr Robertson gave the Saturday 
night's address, preached in Chapel, and spoke at the meeting 
held in the Combination Room on Sunday evening. His sermon 
will, we hope, be printed in extenso : the most striking feature 
perhaps was the description of the various crov^ds which every 
night pass over the great bridges of the Thames on their way 
to their various and widely-separated homes. As a College wei 
have undertaken the place of resident squire to the parish of 
the Lady Margaret in Walworth; and our College must be 
represented on the spot from time to time, not only by the 
clergy whom we profess to support. It would be difficult to 
exaggerate the benefits received and conferred by visitors who* 
will spend a day or a week or more in the parish and meet the 
people — our people, in their clubs and homes as well as at the 


266 Our Chronicle. 

At tbe meeting in the Combination Room on Sunday evening 
the Master introduced the President and Mr Robertson to an 
audience of between 50 and 60. We were there reminded of 
the object our foundress had in view — the science of preaching 
and the art of charity. Such was the object of the ancient 
foundation of St John's Hospital which our College absorbed : 
-such is the object which we in our day are trying to achieve by 
maintaining the Mission in Walworth, the oldest and chief of 
such enterprises, which was started on Sexagesima, 1884. To 
carry out this object contributions are necessary, for the activities 
of the Missioners are multifarious. In particular at the present 
time the problem of '*the unemployed" is pressing hard. A 
committee to administer relief has been formed on which all 
qualified persons without distinction of creed are serving. 
Money is disbursed at the rate of jf^ every week, after rigid 
examination of each of the many cases, according to the newest 
and most scientific regulations. But the committe needs funds 
to disburse. Those whom it helps deserve its help, and must 
not be left to the untender mercies of Poor-Law relief, which 
takes scant heed of the individual and none of the home and 
family. Harrowing details are not things to be rehearsed here, 
but the sight of bare and hopeless poverty which one has seen 
In Walworth this winter is enough to kill the shame of begging. 
We beg therefore for an increase of subscriptions — extensive 
and intensive — that the people who have been adopted by the 
College may be warmed, fed, and clothed, as well as taught. 
But if only Johnians will go down and fill the vacant place at 
the whist table or the billiard table in the clubs and see for 
themselves the work that our Missioners are doing — though the 
field is a little further ofi* than the College Laboratory or the 
playing fields — there will be no need for shameful begging. 

Dr Watson has been good enough to supply some notes 
about his visit to Walworth. Though the day was wet there 
were 100 communicants. At the morning service there was only 
a poor congregation, but in the afternoon there were nearly 300 
children at the catechizing, all ready to repeat the gist of former 
lessons when called upon by name. At the evening service 
there were about 200 of the class of people for whose sake the 
Mission exists. The children's prizes were distributed by Dr 
Watson in the afternoon, and every effort was made on all sides 
to celebrate this anniversary as it deserved. 

Thbological Socibtt. 

PresidiHtS, N. Roitron. Ex-PrvsuiifUs—J. H. A. Hart M.A., W. G. 
Cheese. Secretary-^H, Edmonds. Treeuurer—-^, C. Dewick. Commitiee — 
R. D. Waller, P. N. F. Young. 

The following meetings have been held this term : 

Feb. 3— « Monaiticism," by tbe Senior Dean. 

Our Chronicle. 


Feb. 10—" Conlroversiaa Debate on Miracles." H. F. G. Balcomb, F. R. J. 
Easton, H. Kdinonds. 

Feb. 17— "The Ozyryncbas New Sayings of Jesus," by the Master. 

Feb. 24— "Penitence in the Early Church," by the Rev Dr Mason (Master 

of Pembroke College). 
Mar. 10^" Some considerations bearing on Romani v. 19," by the Rev 

H. J. C. Knight M.A. (Principal of the Clergy Training 


There are thirty- five members and associates in residence. 

In the business meeting held on Febniary 3, Rule III. {c) was 
amended, in order to allow all members of the College to be 
eligible as associates. 

Saturday Night Sbrvicb. 

In the Anti'Chapel at 10 o o^ clock. 

Objects: — (i) Intercession for the College Mission ; (ii) Inter- 
cession for Foreign Missions; (iii) Preparation for Holy 
Communion; and kindred objects. 

Committee—Bjev F. Watson D.D., Rev J. T. Ward M.A., Rev F. 
Dyson M.A., £. A. Benians B.A., J. F. Spink B.A., R. D. D. Brownson, 
W. G. Cheese, G. H. Ca«tlc, W. Clissold, R. T. Cole (SecritaryV E. C. 
Dewick, F. A. R. Higgins, R. D. Waller. 

The following gave addresses during the term :— - 

Jan. 28— Dr. Watson. 

Feb. 4— Mr Ward. 

Feb. It— Dr Watson. 

Feb. i8~Canon Richards, of Riverina, N.S.W. 

Feb. 25 — ^Mr Robertson, Senior College Mis&ioner* 

Mar. 4— No Service. 

New Subscribers to Eagle Magaune, commencing with No, 135. 

Adams, F. 
Barlow, P. S. 
Barber, C. A. 
3as8, R. A. 
Byron-Scott, W. 
Campbell, A. Y. 
Coates, D W. 
Collins, £. L. 
Cooper, T. 
Crauford, L. Gr. 
Coombs, A. G. 
Darwin, J. H. 
Dawson, R. T. 
Dnice, C. L. 
Evans, A. £. 
Fayerman, A. G. 
Gledstone, F. F. 
Hallack, W. C. 
Hay, W. K. 

Hogan, R. V. J. S. 
Hume, P. J. 
Jenkins, F. 
Johnston, F. 
Jones, R. F. 
Khong, K. T. 
Lall, P. 
Lim, G. C. 
Lincoln, N. 
Lucas, E. C. 
Newton, H. G. T. 
Ohm, D. McK. 
Philp, C. H. G. 
Rennie, D. W. 
Robinson, G. M. M. 
Rose, F. G. 
Richardson, A. H. 
Saint, P. J. 
Scoular, J. G. 

Satterly, J. 
Sibly, T. M. 
Stanford, H. C. 
Stead, W. J. V. 
D. M. Stewart 
Taylor, A. D. 
Taylor, G. M. C. 
Thompson, A. C. 
Thompson, W. C. 
Topley, W. W. C. 
Trumper, J. H. W. 
Twiun, F. C. G. 
Vause, T. C. 
Wadia, N. Z. 
Ward, D. W. 
WiUans, G. J. 
Worrall, N. 
Yonge, G. V. 


We desire to bring to the notice of members of 
the College the present state of this Fund. 

Up to June last the total amount collected amounted 

to ;^ 2530 7^- ii^- 

The debt still unpaid (including bank charges on the 
overdraft) at the end of June amounted tO;^4i8 8j. Sd. 

It has been suggested that to mark the year of 
office of Mr H. Sanger as President of the C.U.B.C., 
a special effort should be made to pay off, or substantially 
reduce, the debt owing. Mr Sanger is the first President 
the College has had since Mr Goldie in 1872. 

On condition that this effort is made, the Master has 
generously offered to contribute the sum of ;^ 100. It 
will be remembered that the Master provided the site. 

We are fully aware of the generous readiness with 
which members of the College, both resident and non- 
resident, have responded to our previous appeals. 

The provision of the Boat House has been in every 
way a benefit to the Boat Club, it has added greatly to 
the convenience of rowing members of the College, 
and by saving rent and other charges has considerably 
diminished the necessary expenses of the Club. 

We believe that the Boat House has added an 
attractive and valuable element to College life. Under 
these circumstances we venture to appeal once more 
to members of the College to assist us in this special 

L. H. K. BuSHE-Fox, 


R. F. Scott, 


The New Boat House Fund* 


Towards this special appeal the following sums 
have been either promised or received: 

/ '• d. 

The Master loo o o 

The Editors of The Eagle Magazine • • 25 o o 

Pioceeds of the Concert on Nov. 4. • 2886 

J. E.P.Allen 10 o 

J. R. Airej • 5 o 

C. A. Barber •••••••.• 5 o 

R. A. Bass •• • t 5 o 

A. C. Belgrave • 5 o 

R.E. T.Bell •••••• 5 o 

J. H. Bentley *... 10 o 

F. F. Blackman •• 330 

W. N. Bolderston 2 6 

L. H. K. Bushe-Foz • 10 o o 

Rev Dr A. Caldecott • • ^. i i o 

R.T.Cole f o o 

W. Coop 5 o 

£. H. Craggs 10 o o 

L. G. Craaford • 5 o 

A. E. Cullen 10 o 

C. A. Cummins • 5 o 

£. M. Cutting 5 o 

R. C. Dewick ••••»•• ^ ..•• 5 o 

C. L. Drucer............. •••• 5 o 

H.K. Finch 5 o 

R. H. Forster . • • 500 

J. Eraser ••••• 200 

H. Gandy » , 5 o 

W.Gaskell, l i o 

C. Gathorne • 10 o 

T. W. H. Gibbins 5 o 

E.W.Green .• 5 o 

W. C. Halluck •.... 5 o 

F. A. R. Higgins ••• • 10 o 

J.R.Hill 7 6 

P. J. Hume ••.....•• 5 ^ 

W. L. Irwin 5 o 

F. Johnston • 5 o 

290 The New Boat House Fund: 

R. F. Jones 5 o 

C.Knigbt 5 o 

H.F.P.Knight 10 o 

ProfLarmor ,,,. 5 o o 

A. C. A. Latif , •••••• 5 o o 

J. G. Leathern % 

2 o 


N. Lincoln 10 

J.J.Lister 500 

Prof Liveing , 10 o o 

J. Lusk I I o 

G. B. Mathews 5 5 o 

R. Meldrum.««««« 10 o 

R. Meyer •••^, 220 

D.McK.Ohm 5 o 

H. £. H. Oakeley 10 o 

A. R. Pennington 5 o o 

H. T. H; Piaggio i o 

K. R. S. Rau 2 6 

C. R. Rjeddy 5 o 

H. L Robinson 5 o 

J. B. Ronaldson « '5 o 

C. B. Rootham «... 2 o 

H.C.Rose.., 10 6 

J. Satterley % 6 

J. £. Sears 5 o 

R.F.Scott •••• 10 o o 

G. C. Sharp , 5 o 

Dr L. £. Shore •••••.••••••.• 500 

J. C. Squire— • • • • • ••• •••..••• j. 10 o 

H.C.Stanford ••• 10 o 

W. J. V. Stead 5 o 

D. M. Stewact .••.••...••••• 5 o 

Dr J. R. Tanner .^. 500 

J.N.Taylor. 10 

R. H. Vercoe 5 6 

G. V. Yonge. 3 o 

P.N.F. Young ^ 5 



* Thi asUriik denotes past or present Members of the College, 

Donations and Additions to the Library during 
Quarter ending* Christmas 1904. 


*Rapsoii (E. J.). In wbat Degree was Sanskrit] 
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Tokyo, 1904. 3-43-SO 

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1867. 5.31.19 

Clark (J. W.). Endowments of the University 

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*Greenhill (A. G.). Etude gtem6(rique du' 

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{Continued from p, 173.) 

g^SMUR instalment for this number consists of a 
M B&Jw il selection of documents of various periods, 
jl^^^^ The two documents which follow seem to be 
drafts of petitions on behalf of the University 
to Sir Thomas Lovell, who had been appointed 
Treasurer of the household of King Henry the Seventh 
in 1500. He was appointed High Steward of the 
University about 1504. The words in the headings 
enclosed in brackets are interlineations in the MSS, 
And seem to indicate that petitions in the same terms 
tvere sent to several influential persons. As Bishop 
Fisher was Vice-Chancellor in 1501, and Chancellor of 
the University in 1504, we may assume that he had a 
hand in the petitions, and that these copies came to the 
College with such papers of his as we possess. 

'*!^'o my lord treasouror (my lorde of Oxford and my lorde 
Hoy ward). 

Oure ryghte speciall and singular goode lorde we in full 
humble maner commavnde vs vnto yowr lordshipp in ouer moste 
herly wyse. And where noble princys of blyssed memory, kynges 
of this realme, have of their speciall grace and goodnes gravnted 
herctofor to the studentes of this vniuersite certain franchises, 

2q6 Notes from the College Records, 

priuelegies and liberties, with sondry other gravntes and licencis 
concerning ouer poor landes and tenementes, to thende they 
myght quietly apply them to their studies and lernyng, for the 
weale and profile of nnannys soules and mayntenaunce of Cristes 
faithe, We therefor your said orators in owr most humble and 
Iierty wise beseche yow to be vnto vs so tender good lorde, in 
case any thynge shall be had or moved in this parliamente to 
the preiudice of any owr said gravntes, or otherwise vnto vs 
chargeable ; that by your speciall favour help and meanys vpon 
our humble suyte to be made therein vnto your saide lordshipe, 
remedy may be atteyned in that behalfe. And we in owr most 
harty maner shall dayly pray vnto our blessed Saviour for your 
long and graciose contynuance to his highe plesure and your 
most wele and com forth e. Written at Cambrighe the day 
of January. 

To Sir Thomas Lovell, knighte, Treasouror of the 
kinges honorable household (And to Sir Harry Marney 
and Sir Thomas Engylfelde, except the clause of the 
gyfte of the Stywardschyppe of the vniuersitie, the 
whiche oonly apperteynyth to Sir Thomas Lovell). 

Our right speciall good Maister we commaunde vs vnto yoa 
in our moste hertie manner And forasmoche as ye haue bene 
alwaye singuler good Maister vnto our vniuersite, and to the 
studentes in the same We therefor haue electe and chosen you 
to be our steward wiche is the beste thynge that we your poor 
orators may yeue vnto you, the graunte wherof vnder our comen 
seale we sende vnto you at this tyme by this berer, besechinge 
your maistershippe fauorably to accepte the same with our dayly 
prayers and seruice. Moreouer wher noble pryncys of blessed 
memorye kinges of this realme haue of their speciall grace and 
goodnes graunted heretofore to the studentes of this vniuer- 
site certain franchises, priuelegies and liberties, with sonndrye 
grauntes and licences concernyng our poor landes and tene- 
mentes to thende they might quietly applye them to their studies 
and lernynge for the weale and prouffite of mannes soule and 
mayntenaunce of Cristes feith. We therefor your said orators in 
our most hertie wise desire and hereby pray you to be vnto vs 
so good Maister in case any thynge shalbe hade or moued in 
this parliament to the preiudice of any our said grauntes, or 

Notes from the College Records. 297 

olher wise vnto vs chargeable, that by yout speciall fauor helpe 
and meanes vpon our suyte made vnto your Maistershype there- 
in, remedie may be atteigned in that behalue, and we shall dayly 
pray vnto our blessed Sauior for your longe good and prospe- 
rouse continuance to his plesure and your moste comforth and 

I most humble beseche your Lordship to be good lorde vnto 
my kynsman this beter, surveyor of the Kynges stables, towchyng 
the ferm6 of a churche apperteyning now vnto your College of 
Sanct John in Cambrige, wherein he will shew vnto you his 
desire. All my lordcs hede officers hath writen vnto mai^ter 
Doctor Metcalf in his favour, and will geve vnto your lordship 
their best thanks for it. Your lordship shall haue sufficient 
suretie for the rent and that he shalbe as profitable a tennant 
as shall be any other that your lordship wole els graunte it to. 
I trust that master Doctor wilbe of goode and towarde mynde 
in the cause. If I couth or myght do any seruice or pleaiour 
to your lordship for your favours in this bihalf and goode lord- 
ship towardes my said kynsman I shall thynk myself euer 
bounden. And I shall desire nothyng but that your resonable 
profeit shall be as moche reserued to your College by hym as 
by any other. Thus in our gret busynes most hartly fare your 
good lordship well. At my lordes place this monday in witson* 

your bounden beidman and 
seruant William Burbankb, 
Addressed: To my speciall good lorde my Lorde of (Norwiche, 
erased) Rochester be this deliuerede. 

After all due recommendacion I commaunde me vnto your 
Lordship and am gladde of youre good amendement. As I 
vnderstande ye be speciall good Lorde vnto Jamys Morice one 
of the Kinges Recevours concernyng the wardeship of Thomas 
Champneis and thereof I hertly praye you to contynue his good 
lorde in that behalf and that he maye obteigne by your goodnes 
a ffirme assurance of the said warde accordyng to your ffavour- 
able promys heretoffore made vnto him. And I shalbe gladde 
to show you like pleasour \vherevnto you haue bounde me many 

298 Notes front the College Ri cords. 

ways as knoweth God who euer haue you in his blessed taycion. 
Written at Richemount this vjth daie of ffeberuarij 

By yours to his litle power 


Addressed: To my right worshipfull and speciall good lord 
my ]orde of Rochester. 

The next letter from GeolFry Blythe, at this time 
Master^^of the King's Hall in Cambridge, and Bishop of 
Coventry and Lichfield, gives some details as to a 
benefaction to Christ's College. We learn from 
Dr. Peile's History of Christ's College^ p. 39, that the will 
of Margaret Warton was dated in 1507. At this time 
the Bishopric of Coventry and Lichfield was occasionally 
and^coUoquially known as Chester, hence the endorse-^ 
ment on the letter. 

After my most herty commendation to yow. So it wase that 
one Richard Clerk late of Coventry and Margaret hys wyff, 
yontly dyd purchesse wythin the sayed cite and the cownty of 
Warwyk, landdes and tenementes to the yerely valowe of xviij It, 
After discesse of the sayd Richard hys wyff maryd Peres Warton 
yoyman of the crovne. Lately she is departyd to the mercy of 
God, hath made her wyll of the sayd landdes as lengyst lever, 
and gyffen the best part of them to Crystes Colege of my lades 
grace most blessyd fundation, as more perfectly may be percevyd 
by her sayd will wych I send yow by this brynger. Of whome 
ye shall know what movyd the whoman to be of this good mynd 
[leifer torn] farther circumstance of the matter. And what it 
shall pleas my [leiier torn, ladies grace ?] by thadvyse of heyr 
discrete counsell to commaunde me I shall most gladly order 
and apply myselfe accordyngly to the same, by Goddes grace 
who kepe yow in good and long lyfe. At Beldesert xx day of 
December, with thaund of your luffyng brother in God. 

G. Cov. ET LiCH. 

Addressed: To the ryght honorable Mr doctor Hornby, Chant- 
cellor to my ladyes grace. 

Endorsed: ffrom my lord of Chesture for certaine landes 
yeuen to Cristes College by oon Margarete Warton. 

Notes fr Of n the College Records, 299 

The three letters which follow belong to the period 
when the monastic house of St John's had been 
dissolved and the brethren removed, but the new 
College not yet started. Fothede was Master of 
Michael House, and appears to have had charge of the 
building operations. The King's Hall surrendered to 
St John's a piece of land for the purpose of giving 
convenient access to the kitchens. This was some- 
where in the back lane which now runs between Trinity 
and St John's Colleges. The formal agreement, dated 
28 March 15 10, will be found printed in Willis and 
Clark's Architectural History of Cambridge ii, 683. This 
fixes the year in which the letters were written. 

Welbelovid I gret yoa well and haue send vnto you by this 
bercr the tithe botelles of Red wyne, wherwyth I pray you styll 
myn aqua vyte as fer as hyt wyll go, and send me worde by thys 
berer wher ye haue moved and I shall send it you, fayll ye not 
heroff as I trust you. 

Ja. Elibn. 

Addressed: To the wellbelovid the bredren of Sanct Johannis 
that came from Cantybrig. 

Right honorable and my singler good lord, in my lowlyest 
manner I recommaund me vnto your good lordship. And as 
Maister Shyrton sheweth vnto me your mynd is that he shuld 
receyve all the goodes and implements that belong vnto Saynt 
Johannis, and for that to be doyn he and I haue beyn with my 
lord of Ely commissary, the which hath them in keping. And 
he hath shewed vnto me my said lordes commaundment in that 
behalfe by hys letter directed to the said commissary in manner 
following, as his Lordship wrote vnto his commissary: 

I thank you your good diligence in the removing of the 
felowes of Saynt Johannis in Cambridge. And I pray you to 
continew the same your diligence in that matter. And further 
if ye be required ether by my lord of Wynchester, or by my lord 
of Rochester, in wrytyng that ye deliuer all such stuff as ye 
received of the said late felowes by an inventory, vnto the 
Maister that is or shalbe fyrst elected of the said howse of Saynt 

00 Notes from the College Records, 

Johannis byfore sufficient record and bill indented, betwjatt you 
and the said Maister, of all the same stuff. And not to fi^iyll 
hereof in eny wyse. At my place in Holborne the xvth daye 
of Marche. 

By this, my lord, maister commissary, the which at all seasons 
bathe bene right diligent and willing to content and satisfye 
your myndes in all matters passed concernynge the same, 
desireth for his discharge to my lord and hys of Ely, to have 
ether my lord of Wynchcstcr letters or yours ffor his discharge. 
And these had he wilbe at all seasons redy to do my lord of 
Ely's commaundment in the delyucring of the stuff aforesaid. 
And herein my lord I beseche your good lordship to directe 
your letters to hym in that behalf. It is bot resonable that \\t 
asketh after my mynd. And in the matter of stone in Barentoa 
qwarry, Maister Hornby hath dealt somewhat strawngly with 
me. I broke to hym fyrst and offered hym as good chepe as 
eny man wald deliuer it. And I trust the masons will saye that 
it is as good white stone as eny is in Cambridgeshyer. And 
that the wynter hath proceeded well. Muche at do hath beene 
with the Kynges Haull, bot veryly the lewtenaunt Doctor Jackson, 
Mr ffynsham and all the seniors be willing bot sum yong men 
cannot be content. My lord it is a grett lak that the Maister 
is not put in ; the brethren be goyn and the place desolate, and 
neither masse ne seruice be keped therein, many folkes speke 
thereof. Here is very skarjs wood to bryne your great kylne 
of breke, and that will make the breke derer. The fundacion 
stoppeth towardes the Kynges Haull for lak of thevydence to 
declare the grounde. And thus our lord preserve your good 
lordship. Scribled in your place of Saynt Mighell in Cambridge 
with thand of your prest the xzij day of Marche. 

John ffothed. 

Addressed: To my singler good lord of Rochester. 

Right honorable and my singler good lord In my most 
hvmble manner I recommaund me vnto your good lordship. 
And accordyng to your commaundment Mr Shyrton and I haue 
takyn a waye with the lewtenaunt and ffelowes of the Kinges 
Haull, they be very glad to content your pleasor notwythstonding 
that it is to theym a grett payn and desese. You shal haue 

Notts from the College Records, 301 

yotir platt fully performed towardes theyme and a cart weye 
besides sufficient to the kychyne. And so now the fundacion 
is takyn I truste to content your mynd. But as for the felowes» 
late of Saynt Johannis, we cannot bring them to delyuer there 
oblygacion, therfor the best euer after my poor mynd is to send 
for Mr Robynson and take sum wey with hym. And that doyn 
I dowt not the matter shall shortly be at an end. And tyme it 
were, for veryly my lord meny folkes wonder that the Maister 
is so long vn put in, and speke largely by cause in the churche 
be sum tyme masse and other service none. And now the holy 
tyme draweth oppon hand there woldbe sum way that Codes 
seruice might be keped, thys holy tyme more specially. Ouer 
thys ye muste nedes get a speciall plackard for Saynt John's 
College, and that to haue as many workmen and stuff as shalbe 
necessary. It is a gret worke. There be not passed iij or \\\\ 
masons and no carpenter assigned to haue the re well of the 
worke and to provide such tymber as shuld go therto. Ye 
cannot passe the first story vnto the first fiore be redy. And 
thus meny thynges necessary lake and as yet no provision made. 
And therefore it must be lokyd more dilygently after or else the 
pepill will say hie homo incepit edificare etc. And of these and all 
other thys berer shall acerteyne your lordship at length, by 
the grace of our lord who euer preserue your good lordship. 
Sciibled in your own house of Saynt Mighell the viijth day of 
Aprill with thand of your preit and daly bedmann. 

John ffothkd. 

My lord I trust your lordship shall shortly haue one with 
you for the matter betwyxt the Qwens College and Mr Doctor 
Melton executor to Mr Grette. I beseche you to be good lord 
vnto hym, and in that matter. 

Addressed: To my singler good lord of Rochester. 

The following letter is from Richard Vaughan (a 
St John's man), then Bishop of Chester, afterwards 
Bishop of London. The first part is written by a clerk 
or secretary, and signed by Vaughan, the second part 
is in Vaughan's own autograph. With regard to the 
persons named, Hugh Robinson, on whose behalf the 

302 Nofes from the College Records. 

letter was written, was of St John's, B.A. 1607-8, M.A. 
161 r ; he does not seem to have been a scholar of the 
College. He was apparently instituted Rector of 
Llanbedr 20 March 16 13-4, and Rector of Trefiew, 
6 February 161 7-8. He seems to have held both 
benefices, which are in Carnarvonshire, till 1634* 
Humphrey Robinson, his father, matriculated as a 
pensioner of St John's 12 November 1568, and took the 
degree of B.A. in 1570-x, but did not proceed further. 
He was Rector of Llanbedr, compounding for first-fruits 
25 October 1588, and was followed there by his son. 
He was for a short time Archdeacon of Merioneth, being 
collated thereto 15 November 1574, his successor was 
collated 5 November 1576. He seems to have got this 
from his uncle Nicholas Robinson, Bishop of Bangor, 
who was of Queens' College. 

Salutem in Chrisio. The bearer heareof Hagh Robinson, 
Sonne to Humphrey Robinson purposinge to bestow his time 
at his booke in Cambridge, partly in regarde of the Reverend 
father Bushopp Robinson his vncle, and partly for his father's 
sake intreated thereto, I was willinge to further him to the 
tuicion of some painefuli Tutor in that College where his father 
had been before. I would dcsyre you for my sake that either 
you woulde take the care of him yourselfe, or see him placed 
with some honest man in the Colledge with you. And so not 
doubtinge of your paines hearin I take my leave. Aleford xiijlh 

your lovinge frend and kinsman 
Ric. Cbstken. 

Mr Gwyn the bearers father was my conterminus in your 
Colledge. His great vncle was a most learned and reuerend 
Bishop, and therefore I wish him well and doe heartily pray 
you to affoord him your fauor and furtherance, which I will 
thankfully accept and endeuor to requite wherein I maye. 


Addressed: To my worshipful and very lovinge friend and 
kinsman Mr Gwyn, Bachelor in Divinilie and fellow of St John's 
Colledge in Cambridge geve these. 

Notes from the College Records^ 303 

Richard Neale, Bishop of Lincoln, who writes on 
behalf of John Rand, was a St John's man ; he was soon 
afterwards appointed Bishop of Durham. John Rand, 
the younger, born in Northamptonshire, was admitted a 
Foundress Scholar of the College 6 November 161 6. 
He took the degrees of B.A. 1619-20, M.A. 1623. John 
Rand, the elder, does not seem to have been a 
Cambridge man. From his statement that deafness had 
deprived him of his profession, we may perhaps infer 
that he was master of Queen Elizabeth's Grammar 
School at Rothwell, near Kettering. 

The hint in this and other letters that it may be 
worth while to grant the favour asked, makes one rather 
suspicious that some kind of traffic in patronage was on 
foot. The number of letters of this class to Dr. Gwyn 
which have been preserved is very great* Yet Gwyn's 
own church preferment would not lead one to infer that 
he had reaped much benefit from his influence or the 
importunity of his correspondents. Owen Gwyn 
matriculated as a pensioner of St John's 4 April 1584; 
he took the degrees B.A. 1587-8, M.A. 1591, B.D. 1599, 
and D.D. 16 13. He was instituted Vicar of East Ham 
in Essex 5 October 1605, ceding this on being instituted 
Rectorof South Luffenham in Rutland 28 October 1611. 
His friend and kinsman John Williams, Bishop of 
Lincoln, and Lord Keeper, collated him to the Prebend 
of Buckden in Lincoln Cathedral, with the Arch- 
deaconry of Huntingdon, 18 April 1622, and he held 
these with his Rectory and the Mastership of St John's 
until his death. From the point of view of his 
contemporaries this could have been no great prefer- 
ment, and in fact several of his predecessors and 
successors as Master of St John's have been pluralists 
on a more generous scale. Nor does it seem that such 
requests were always granted by Gwyn and the 
seniority. Perhaps they were regarded as little more 
than letters of introduction. Two letters which follow 
Neale's, one from Sir Ralph Hare, a benefactor, and 
VOL. XXVI. ss 

304 Notes from the College Records, 

from Abraham Johnson, the son of a benefactor, seem 
to have met with no success. 

My very good Lord 

I purposed to have attended your good Lordshipp before 
this tyme (according to your appointment at Dingley) and to 
have entreated your favourable letters to Doctor Gwyn, Master 
of St John's, for the prefermente of my poore boye to a 
Scollership in that house, now at this election, which I heare is 
shortly after All hallowtyde. But now fynding myself very vnfitte 
to trauell by reason of a cold I haue taken I am bold to directe my 
letters to your lordship, humbly entreating your good Lordship, 
that you will be pleased to send your letters by this bearer, my 
seruant, to Doctor Gwyn, to that purpose, and yf your Lordship 
thinke fitte, to the rest of the electors, some of them haue 
promised mee theire furtheraunces allready, and I doubte not but 
the reste will by your Lordships good meanes yield their 
consentes. I little thoughte at my firste acquaintance with your 
Lordship that I should haue had cause to make suite for such a 
place for him. But God hath deprived mee of my hearing and 
thereby of my profession, which was the ploughe whereby hee 
and the rest of my children were chiefly mayntayned. And in 
this my aduersity I thinke it no other than God's speciall 
prouidence that as your former fifavours towardes mee haue 
bound mee for euer to be yours, so your Lordship should 
be firste and principall in the Kallendar of my poore posterity 
for the originall of his prefermente. Whose honorable ffauors 
towards vs, though wee can no wayes meryt, yet shall wee bee 
euer ready to prostrate our vttermoste endeauours at your 
Lordships commands, with our daily prayers for your Lordships 

Rothwell your lordships fully 

23 Octobris. to be commanded 

John Rand. 

Underneath is written : 

34 Octobris 161 6: Mr Doctor Gwin I doe acknowledge 
Mr Rand's his respect and well deserving hereto for many wayes 
of me and would be very glad that any interest in your love and 
of any these of my good friendes the Seniors of our Colledge of 
St John's mighte bestced him for the obtayning of his desire for 
the making of his son a Scoller of our Colledge of St John's^ 

Notes from the College Records. 305 

and if it may please yoa and the Seniors to oblige me herein 
(vnto you and to whom I make this my request) he being as 
capable thereof as others of his standing, I will acknowledge it 
as an extraordinary favor to my self and will rest ready to be 
commaunded by yourself and them to doe the like lawfuU favor 
for any in whose behalfe it shall please you to require or pray 
the same of me 

R. Lincoln. 

Addtessed: To the Right reuerend and my singular good 
Lord the Byshop of Lyncolne. 

Good Mr doctour and the rest, Ther is at thys time in my 
house a pore boy named Daynes, whose frendes be not able to 
bringe him vp in learnynge, wherevnto he is very apte, being of 
a quick apprehension and good memory. He hath also some 
skill in songe, and is of a gentle and loving nature. My desyre 
is, you would vouchsafe to bestow on him a Quyristei^s place in 
your Chappie. And for his better menteynance that some of you 
would take him as a poore Scholer or subsiser to attend you tyll 
he shall be able to deserve a better place in your own 
judgmentes. And this I hope you will do for God's sake and at 
this my request being very lykely the laste that I shall ever make 
to you in this kynde. And so with my very herty commen- 
dations I commytt you all to God's holy protection and 
government and will rest while I lyve 

Stowe Hall your very lovinge frende 

the 15th August Ra. Hare. 


Addressed: To my very lovinge freindes the Maister and 
felowes of St Johns College in Cambridge geve thesse. 

Right worshipful! 

I should not haue omitted the tendering of my best respects 
to you by this so convenient a messenger although other 
occasions had offered themselves but your frendes kindnesses. 
But the present occasion is that, whereas my father gaue j^ 
Exhibitions of 6/1. and more by the year to your Colledge one 

3o6 Notes from the College Records. 

whereof yow bestowed vpon one Allin who is now married to a 
rich widdow worth a hundred pound by the yeare, I am become 
a petitioner to you to elect one £d. Ouerton batchelor of Arts of 
your Colledge and my neare kinsman in his place. Had his 
vnkle my father and your benefactor lived I know yt would haue 
beene his ioy to haue done him good in any such thing as might 
have encouraged him in a studious course, in which I am glad 
to see him and shall hold myselfe much obliged to yow 
yf yow will be pleased to fulfill my desires, and so much tho 
rather because my cosen his father is something low in estate 
and not well able to continew the charge of keeping him 
at Cambridge, and in my conceyt 'tis pitty he should neglect 
and loose his time in the country. Yf therefore you please to 
grant this request for my father's sake, his father's sake and his 
owne, I shall hold yt as a grateful honour to my dead father, 
equity to him his well deserving kinsman and a great credit and 
courtesy to mee, who shall be thankfull to yow and the 
worshipful seniors and study to requite yt. Thus with my 
prayers for the continuance of your health and welfare I rest 
From your willing and loving 

South LufTenham poor parishioner 

October 3, 1630 Abraham Johnson. 

Addressed: To the right worshipful his much respected 
friend Mr Doctor Gwin, Master of St John's in Cambridge^ 

The following letter relates to the renewal of a lease 
to a College tenant at Marfleet in Yorkshire. With 
regard to the writers it seems probable that Rowland 
Wandesford is the person of that name, described as of 
"Yorkshire," who was admitted to Lincoln's Inn 
30 October 1588, was called to the Bar 30 January 
1596-7, became a Bencher of the Inn 25 October 1613, 
was Treasurer in 1627 and became Attorney General of 
the Court of Wards and Liveries in 1636. A Richard 
Wandesford of Richmondshire was admitted to a 
Foundress Fellowship at St John's 7 April 1587. He 
had matriculated from Trinity College as a pensioner 

Notes from the College Records, 307 

3 December 1580, migrating to St John's he took his 
degrees, B.A, 1583-4, M.A. 1587. He is probably 
identical with the Richard Wandesford, " of Pickhill, 
Yorks., esquire," who was admitted to Gray's Inn 
3 February 1590-1. 

The identity of the tenant on whose behalf the letter 
was written does not seem quite certain. It appears 
probable that he was the James Watkinson of Kingston- 
upon-HuU, " pottycarye " to whom a lease of lands in 
Marfleet was granted 18 October 1597. But no James 
Watkinson appears in Foster's -^4 /www Oxonienses. The 
application was not successful, for Watkinson's lease 
was not renewed to him, his successor being a certain 
Walter Hogg. 

Sir, our great desire to indevour a requitall by our selves and 
our frendes in some measure aunswerable to those many favoures 
which we have receyved from one of your Colledge tenantes, a 
worthye gentleman (fTor so we may iustly terme him in respect 
of those great blessinges which God doth gys^ vnto his labourers 
in his profession) have bene our especiall motive that we have 
made bould (presuminge of your love towardes vs) to intreat 
your good favour in his suit, which he now hath vnto yourself 
as head of the rest who are in place for the Colledge govern- 
ment. He is one of your tenantes at Marflett. The tenement 
very chargeable to the occupyers to kepe in repayre in respect 
of the continuall ruines of there sea bankes. The ferme not 
great yet the rent (as it is proportioned) for the quantitye very 
heavy and his covenantei for alienatinge do restrayne him too 
strictly. He purposeth now to renew his lease, our suit is that 
you would be pleased: First, to examine who they are that 
intreat; your ould acquayntance whome (to there answerable 
powres) you may command. Secondly, for whome they write, 
for a scoller, an Oxford man, learned, excellently learned, non 
stbt solum Sid patrie et amicis; a doctor of physick at whose 
handes our countrye in generall and ourselves and frendes in 
particular haue often tymes receyved great comfort. And there- 
fore he being thus made knowne vnto you, we haue no cause 
tam timen quid iu de nobis quam scire quid de ie nos ilium aliosqut 
Vilis indicare. 

3o8 Notes from the College Records. 

Lastly, for what wc write, in which the thinges especially wc 
pray where he may be respected. First a moderate fyne, which 
his continuall hazard of the Jettye charge (besides what hath 
bene said) doth speak for. Secondly a more indifferent pro- 
portion for his corne rent, he paying three quarters of wheat 
and but one of malt, which the statutes of the realme gyveth 
power to reforme, not tying any further then that there be a 
reservation (which you know as well as we can tell you) of a 
third part of the rent In wheat and malt. And other Colledges 
do dayly put In practice, reservynge sometyme three partes of 
their rent come in malt, and but a fourth part in wheat. We 
speake of our owne knowledge, and {si stria nugis) in our 
countrye (and it may be your climate doth make no great 
alteration) malt Is aboue wheat for the vse, though not for the 

Lastly his desire is to have as large libertye for alienation as 
your statutes do permit. Seeinge that if he be a fitt tenant for 
you and that you be well conceited of his scoller lyke love 
towardes you, you will not have a preiudicate opinion agaynst 
him. And though you give him power to alienate to whome he 
will, yett he himself as well as the alienee standeth still charged 
with the covenantes of his lease, and thus we commend his 
further proceedinge herein, and the effectinge of our desires 
to your frendly consideration, and you and vs all to the pro- 
tection of thalmightie. 

York, the 4th Yours of ould, yours alwayes 

of Maij 1614 Ric. Wandbsford. 

RowL. Wandbsford. 

Postscript : This gentleman is the partye in whose behalfe 
(in lent gone two yeares) I intreated your directions for the 
manner of his proceedings with Mr Doctor Clayton, I found 
you then so readye to advise me that I make now more bould 
In this manner to intreat you. I make no doubt that he shall 
fynd favour both in respect of himself and the rather at our 

Richard Wandbsford. 

Addressed: To the right worshipfull Mr Doctor Gwine, 
Master of St Johannis Colledge in Cambridge. 

Notes from the College Records. 309 

The three letters which follow are from Sir Edward 
Master, the chief tenant of the College in Ospringe, 
Kent. They relate, it will be observed, to successive 
vacancies in the Vicarage, a benefice in the gift of the 

The successive incumbents were : 

Lawrence Parkinson, presented 12 June 1582. 

John Snell „ 13 June 161 7. 

Thomas Smith „ 30 October 1623. 

William Martiall „ i April 1625. 

The circumstances of Thomas Smith's resignation 
seem to be as follows. He did not take institution to 
Ospringe till 9 January 1623-4, according to the 
College Statutes he had a Year of Grace, during which 
he remained a Fellow. Before this had run out he 
apparently resigned Ospringe, and retained his Fellow- 
ship, for we find him being presented by the College to 
the Rectory of Thorington in Essex, 25 October 1625. 
Lawrence Parkinson matriculated as a Sizar from 
St John's 15 June 1575, and was B.A. 1578-9, M.A. 
1582; John Snell was B A. 1600-1, M.A. 1604, and 
B.D. 1612 ; Thomas Smith was B.A. 1605-6, M.A. 1609, 
and B.D. 161 7. 

Maye it please you right worshipfull Mr Doctor Gwin, I 
thought it my duty to signifie vnto you with what convenient 
speed I could, that it hath pleased God this last Saboth day to 
cause our minister Mr Parkinson to cease from all his labours, 
and to rest with him to receaue the rewarde of a well spent life. 
I cannot geue you particular notice of the valewe of the place, 
but I haue heard Mr Parkinson saye it was wourth him com- 
munihus annts 50 //by the yeare. If that be so I hope it will 
yeld vs a good scholler to supply the place agayne. We shall 
dayly expect to heare from you for now the sheephard is taken 
away the sheep will quickly learne to straye. Thus with many 
thankes for your many favours vnto me with humble presentation 
of my loue and service vnto your self and the Society I rest 

London, your loving and serviceable tenant 

the 27th of May to be commanded 

1617 Edw. Master. 

3 lo NoUz from the College Records. 

Addressed: To the right worshipfull Doctor Gwin Master of 
St John's Colledge in Cambridge geue these. 

Maye it please you right worshipfull I signified vnto you in 
a letter dated the 28th of Maye last that it had pleased God to 
take from vs our minister Mr Parkinson, and because I have 
not since heard from you, fearing lest my former letter mis- 
carried, I thought good to advertise you of the same agayne, 
and withall that we have had since the death of Mr Parkinson 
a sequestration from my lord of Canterburye's Official, Doctor 
Newman, for the tithes that shall hereafter grow due. To what 
vse we certaynly know not, but it is thought he will bestow it 
vpon Mr Parkinson's widdow. So that it maye be some prejudice 
to the succeeding minister if he be not speedely presented. 
For there will shortely grow sum pretty sum of money due for 
the tithe cherryes and other fruit. The place is woorth betweene 
fifty and threescore pound a yeare with a pretty convenient 
dwelling, so that I hope you will afford vs a preaching minister. 
We are now destitute and the parishioners do long to know their 
Pastor. Thus with humble remembrance of my service to your- 
self and the hole society, I rest 

Ospringe Parsonage your loving poore tenant 

9th of June 1617 to be commanded 

Ed. Master. 

Addressed: To the right worshipfull Doctor Gwin Master of 
St John's College in Cambridge geue these, or in his absence 
to the president of the Colledge. 

Maye it please you Right Worshipfull, I thought it my duty 
to signifie vnto you that it hath pleased Almighty God to take 
Mr Snell out of this transitory world. He hath had a long tyme 
of visitation ever since three weekes before Easter, vntill the 
29th of August and then he died. His longe tyme of sickness 
hath bin an occation of much expence vnto him, whearby he 
hath leaft a very poore widdow with two smale children, without 
any meanes (except it please God to raise her some good 
frendes) to keepe them. I shall be bould therefore on her 
behalfe to make this request vnto you that you would be pleased 

Notes from the College Records. 311 

so to worke with his successor that the widdow might haue all 
tithes tliat maye be due between this and Michaelmas (seeing the 
quarter is so neere) and all monies due then for his quarters 
composition. For Mr Snell tooke little of his tithes in kinde, 
but compounded with his parishioners for a cerlayne gross sum 
by the yeare to be payed quarterly. I dare assure you if she 
loose the benefitt of this quarter, his povertie was such as I know 
not how she will compasse meanes to satisfie for meat and 
drinke, besides other necessaries she was driven to fetch vpon 
the score in his sickness. The losse cannot be much to the 
successor for he can haue no advantage of the contract made by 
Mr Snell for the quarteridge, he can only challenge such tithes 
as will be due which will be but a few aples and a little hemp, a 
smale matter to him a great help to her in this her necessity. 
So hoping you wilbe as helpful to the poor woman as you may, 
and mindful of vs the parishioners with an honest successor, I 
humbly take my leaue and shall ever rest 
Ospringe Parsonage your serviceable poor tenant 

the 20 of September Edw. Master. 


Addressed: To the Right Worshipful Doctor Gwin Master of 
St John's CoUedg in Cambridge geue these. 

Right Worshipfull 

I receaved a letter lately from Mr Smith, wherin he signified 
vnto me that he had resigned his vicarage into the Colledg 
handes. Whereby I now perceaue that we are agayne destitute 
of a minister. 1 would therefore intreat you that, with what 
convenient speed you can, wee might agayne be furnished. In 
regard of the long absence of Mr Smith the parishioners haue 
much murmured and would now murmur much more if his 
successor should slay overlong before they had notice of him. 
Besides he that was curate to Mr Smith, by reason of Mr Smith's 
vncertaynty of continuing in the Vicarage hath vndertaken the 
serving of a cure for Doctor Symson of Trinity Colledge. If you 
please to lett the Seniors vnderstand thuse much I hope it will 
be a motiue to speed vs the sooner. 

Since I spake with you in London I haue had some 
conference with my aunt Butler's executor concerning the 
\''0L. XXVI. XT 

3 1 i Notes from the College Records . 

renuinge of the lease of Highara. I finde him very cnn'ous and 
he will not consent by any means that I shall be trusted with the 
lease or haue any hand in it. He sayelh he is resolved to renue 
it in his owne name or he will never surrender the lease to be 
renued to any else. So that I vehemently suspect he hath 
a purpose to defeat the child of it. I know no means to 
compell him to renue it, nor to releene the chiki in it. He can 
bkme no body but his mother for trusting so base a fellow with 
a matter of that wourth. I have sent this bearer m^ sonn to 
Mr Horsmonden, if you please to do me that grace as to take 
notice of him and to speake to Mr Horsmonden to be carefull 
of him I shall account none of the least favours you ^have bin 
forward to afford me. So with all humble acknowledgment of 
my loue and service vuto you I shall ever rest 

London the your obliged frend and servant 

2 ?ih of October Edw. Master. 


Addressed t To the Right Worshipfun my much esteemed 
frend Doctor Gwyn, Master of St John's College in Cambridge 
geue these. 

The documents which follow show the College 
invoking the help of John Willian^s, Lord Keeper, 
against a supposed injustice. 

Right Honourable our most singular good Lord, 

It is not the hope of some transcendant favour beyond equity^ 
nor yet any sullen humour of contention, that makes us thu» 
troublesome to your Lordship; but onely the just defence of 
olir poore Inheritance, against an injury heretofore happily 
repulsed, but now strongly reattempted. May it therefore please 
your Honour to understand, that the Manor of Histon near 
Cambridge, being charged with a good summc of money, called 
Pontage money, towards the maintenance of the Town Bridge 
in Cambridge : the lord of Histon hath ever heretofore paid the 
said entire summe out of his Manner lands onely, and thereby 
freed all the Copy and Freeholders from that charge, as your 
Petitioners are well able to prove: yet now of late, the In- 
heritance coming into a_ strangers hand (and new Lords coveting 

Notes from the Collage Records. 313 

new lawes) the present Lord seeketh to ease himself, by im- 
poseing the greatest, if not two parts of the wliole, upon the 
poore tenants, amongst whom we also shall suffer, if that course 
take effect. The late Lord Chief Justice upon the like Infor- 
mation at an Assize, discharged and sett free all the Tenants 
from this new Imposition, as this bearer is ready to shew. 
That order being since controuled by Mr Justice Dodriche, our 
humble Petition to your Lordship is, you would be pleased to 
take the cause into your honorable consideration, that might 
prevail not to overthrow right, if it shall be found to stand with 
us. And wee your humble supplicants shall be bound to pray 
for your Lordship's increase of honor and happiness 

St John's Your Lordship's most bounden 

Febr. 5, 1622 The Master and Seniors. 

A copy of a Letter to the Right Honorable the Lord Bishop 
of Lincoln, Lord Keeper etc. 

To the right honourable and reverend father in God, 
John, Lord Bishop of Lyncolne, Lord Keeper of the 
greate seale of England. 

The humble peticion of Owen Gwiki, Doctor of divinitie, 
the Master, ffellowes and scollers of St John's Colledge 
in Cambridge and others, both ffree and Copie Ten- 
nants of the Mannor of Histon Ewsham in the Countie 
of Cambridge. 

Sheweth that whereas the late Abbott and Covent of Ewsham, 
Lords of the Mannor of Histon aforesaid held the sayd Mannor 
of Histon containinge 15 hides of land by ffrankalmoigne of the 
Lord Bishop of Lincolne, and paid pontage when it happened 
(as many other Lordships doe) towarde the repayer of the Bridge 
of Cambridge. The which pontage hath been heertofore tyme 
out of the memorye of man payde and discharged, and so ought 
to be when it happened, onely by the Lord of the said Mannor 
for the tyme beinge, videlicet by the said Abbotts before and 
vntil the dissolution of the saide Abbey, And by Sir Thomas 

Elliott and dame his ladye, Sir James Dyer, knight, late 

Lord Cheife Justice of his Majesties Court of Common Pleas 
and Mr Justice Hynde one of the Judges of his Majesties Court 
of Common Pleas, Sir ffrancis Hynde bis sonne and Sir William 

3 1 4 Noiesjrom the College Records. 

Hynde, sonne of Ihe said Sir ffrancis Hynde, and Sir Edward 
Hynde, brother to the said Sir William, who by conve3'ance and 
descent have severally and respectivelye bene Lords and owners 
of the sayed Mannor, and that the free and coppye tenants nener 
pay the same as by the Leiger booke of the sayed Pontage from 
tyme to tyme collected rcmaininge in the custodie of the Maire 
of Cambridge doth evidently appeare. And whereas the said 
Sir William Hinde sold all and singular the said demeanes of 
the said mannor to Humphrey Garnor, esquire, deceased, whose 
heire is within age and the sayed Sir Edward Hynde hath sold 
all and singular the seruices of the sayed mannor unto William 
Norton, esquire, sithence which destruction of the sayed mannor 
about three yeares past. Pontages bee come due and payable by 
the owners of the sayed demeanes and seignorye. And whereas 
herevpon by an inquisition vpon the oath of twelve men, yt was 
about two yeares since presented and found that the saide 
Humphrey Garner then livinge and William Morton held 
betweene them the said mannor of Histon which of right ought 
to pay the said Pontage the which said Mr Gardiner and Mr 
Norton pretending to differ about the equalilie and proporcioning 
of the payment thereof betweene themselves have euer since left 
the same vnpaid, by which meanes these petitioners houlding 
seuerallye and respectively of the said mannour freely or by 
Coppy of Court Roll, payeing ffynes at the will of the Lord and 
heriotts and whereby they haue beene euer heeretofore acquited 
of all tenures paiment, are now demaunded the said pontage 
vnder coUour of being the persons hauinge in theyr severall 
tenures seuerall parts of the said mannoure so held by Pontage, 
and yet your petitioners before this tyme weare neuer demaunded 
nor euer payed the same nor ought in all equitie to be charged 

May it therefore please your good Lordship to prevent 
the charges of a suite in equitie wherevnto these 
Petitioners must of necessitie be enforced, if the said 
Gardiner and Norton shall not pay the said Pontage, 
but it shall be through theyr pretended diflference 
imposed vpon your said Petitioners as the ter-tenants, 
to dresse your Lordships letters to the right Honour- 
able Sir James Leye, knight. Lord cheife Justice, and 
Sir John Dodrige, one of the Judges of the Pleass 
before his Majesty to be held assigned, being the 

Notes from the College Records. 315 

Lords, the judges of Assises, within the Countye of 
Cambridge, to call the sayed Mr Garner and Mr Norton 
before them, vpon whom the petitioners will be ready 
to attend, and sett a peaceable order therein for the 
future payment thereof as in Justice and equitie shall 
by these petitioners be made to appeare to theyr said 
Lordships. And your petitioners as in dulie they are 
bound shall daylye pray for your Lordship's increase of 

Underneath is written : 

15 February 1622: Let a letter be written as is desired to 
recommend tliis matter vnto theyr Lordships, the rather because 
yt concerns St John's Colledge in Cambridge of which I haue 
beene scholer and fellow. 

With this petition has been preserved the following letter: 

After my very hartie commendations to your good Lordshipps, 
vpon consideracion had of the enclosed peticion of the Master 
and fellowes of St John's College in Cambridge, and of others 
the Tenantes of the mannour of Histon in the Countie of 
Cambridge ; ffor as much as I haue beene both scoller and 
fellow of the same Colledge, I am careful that ther rights and 
ymunities should be tendred and preferred, And therefore haue 
thought good by theese my letters to recommend there cause 
vnto your Lordshipes, and doe earnestly desire you that you will 
be pleased to call the parties befor you, and vpon examinacion 
of the matter to settle such orders therein for the preservation of 
the rights of the Colledge and of the other tenants and the 
avoidinge of further controversie therein, as to your Lordships 
shall seeme just and meete, thus not doubting your Lordships 
best indeavoure I bidd your Lordships hartelie farewell, from 
Westminster College the 15th of fifebru. 1622 

your Lordships very loving friend 
John Lincoln. 

To the right Honourable Sir James Leye, cheife Justice of 
his Majesties bench and Sir John Dodridg, knight one of the 
Justices of the same. 

3 1 6 Notes from the College Records. 

The remaining letters all belong to Commonwealth 
times. The first from Stephen Bearcroft shews us how 
the portraits of King Charles I. and his Queen 
Henrietta Maria, which now hang in the Master's 
Lodge came there. Dr. Beale died in exile at Madrid 
in 1650, so that the claim was probably made on behalf 
of his relatives. John Barwick, who certifies to the 
facts, was a strong royalist, who became Dean of St 
Paul's after the Restoration. 

London, the 6th July 1653 
Right Worshipfull 

I once more make bold to trouble you in the business 
I formerly sollicited, viz. about some pictures that remaine in 
the Colledge that were belonging to your late predecessor 
Doctor William Beale, and for your further satisfaction therein 
(since you weare pleased formerly to make an obiection, that 
those goods weare not Doctor Beale*s own proper goods) 
1 herewith send you a certificate vnder Mr John Barwick's 
hand, who is also ready to attest the same, which I hope will 
fully satisfie you of the truth of our assertion, and then I doubt 
not of your free and noble disposition in deliuering the same 
vnto my honored friend Mr Rose, or the value of them in mony, 
wherein I shalbe very much ingaged to you, and thus with the 
presentation of my most humble scruice to your selfe, not 
doubting of your iust and reall performance herein, I humbly 
committ you to God*s allmighty protexion and remaine Sir 

yours at command 
Ste. Bearcroft. 

Addressed: To the Right worshipfull Doctor Arrowsmith, 
master of St John*s College. 

Within the letter is preserved the following memorandum : 

These are to certify whom it may concerne that I have heard 
Doctor Beale, late Master of St John's Colledge in Cambridge, 
often say that the pictures of the late King and Queen, which 
were in the Master's Lodgings in the said Colledge, were his 
own goodes bought with his own money. And I do further 
testify that the picture of the Foundress in the same Lodgings 

Notes from the College Records. 3 1 7 

was presented by me to the said Doctor Beale. All which I am 
ready to depose vpon my oath if I be lawfully called thereto. 
Witness my hand this 23rd of May 1653. 

Jo. Barwick. 

Robert Pleasance, the writer of the next letter, son 
of Robert Pleasance, of Durham, Counsellor, was 
admitted to St John's 30 May 1646 from Durham School. 
He was B.A. 1649-50, M.A. 1653. He was admitted a 
Fellow of the College 13 April 1650. His father may 
have been the Robert Pleasance, of Brandon Ferry, 
Suffolk, who was admitted to Gray's Inn 9 February 
1597-8, and became an ancient of that Inn 12 November 
1617. Robert Pleasance, of St John's, became 
incumbent of Boldon (or Bowdon), co. Durham. He 
was ejected at the Restoration. Calamy says of him : 
•• After his ejectment he would never preach to a greater 
number than the Act against Conventicles allowed. 
He had a pretty good estate and left some considerable 
legacies for the support of the Gospel." He died about 
April 1 701.. 

Worthy Sir 

After my humble service presented, these are to acquaint you 
and the Seniors (to whom also my due respects) that I have 
bene enforced to leave my supposed liveing at Auckland in this 
Countey of Durham, partly because of the vncertainty of the 
meanes of subsisting there, the state and condition of which 
I made knowne vnto you the last summer, and partly because of 
some other inconveniencies which I could not any longer 
endure ; soe that now vntill the Lord provide otherwise for me 
1 am free from any interest in any place, the Colledge of 
St John's excepted. Which being soe my hopes are soe much 
in yours as alsoe in the Seniors fauor and indulgence as that my 
interest in my fellowship (the Statutes permitting it) will still be 
continued as formerly it hath bene. And when it pleaseth the 
Lord to open a doore for me to employ my talent in such a place 
wherein I may receive some certaine competent maintenance 
and such encouragement as a Minister of the Gospell may 

3 1 8 Notes from the College Records* 

require, I shall be as willing to desert my interest in St John's 
as it may be expected I should be. My desire not being to keep 
any from that preferment in the Colledge which by the favour of 
the Master and Seniors I was admitted to, and by your favour 
and theirs have bene still continued in longer than my owne 
convenience will permitt me. And, Sir, for my continuance in 
the Colledge till there be further encouragement then I am 
given to vnderstand doth yet appeare, my humble suite must be 
to your selfe and the Seniors that it may be dispenc*d withail 
and to this end that you will please that dayes of discontinuance 
may be indulg'd me till Michaelmas next, or as long as the 
Statutes will give leave till they be further desir*d. And thus 
committing my suit^to all your serious consideracions, beseech- 
ing the Lord to encourage your heartes and to strengthen your 
handes in every good way and worke, with my due respects to 
you all, craving pardon for my boldnes I take leave res tinge 

Durham your very much oblidged friend 

March 19th, 1654 ^ob. Plbasancb. 

Addressed: To the Reverend his highly honored friend 
Doctor Tuckney, Master of St John's Colledge in Cambridge, 
these present. 

Thomas Beadon, the writer of the next letter, was 
originally of Sidney Sussex College, where he took his 
B.A. degree in 1644-5. He was admitted a Fellow of 
St John's 7 April 1647, giving Somerset as his county of 
birth. He took the degrees of M.A. 1649, and B.D. 
1657 from St John's. He compounded for first-fruits as 
Rector of Bawdrip, Somerset, in March 1657-8, and was 
ejected at the Restoration, What he and Pleasance 
asked for apparently was to be allowed to delay taking 
the B.D. degree beyond the time fixed by the College 
Statutes, in default of this the fellowship lapsed. 


I am exceeding sorry that your name and interest should be 
made use of in a businesse that has proved soe unsuccessful. 
The place I went to London for was easily obtained and mainly 
uppon your account. But when I came down among the people 

NoUs from the College Records. 3 1 9 

I found things farre otherwise then I believed I had ground to 
expect. Some who formerly invited me thither and from whom 
I expected most comfort and encouragement would by no means 
admitt of my coming there but upon such terms as I was very 
unwilling to yield unto. Loath I was to contend and therefore 
chose rather wholly to resigne up my right then to live in 
opposition and dislike with those whose love and friendship 
1 soe much desired. The case is shortly this, there is a chappell 
annex't to the place which has heretofore been supplyed for 10 
or 20/1'. a yeere. I was content to part with all the profits 
belonging to it (which are to 20/1*. per annum, halfe the rectory) 
that soe it might be well provided for. But this would not give 
satisfaction. I must not only let goe the profits but lease them 
away to 3 or 4 men to give them a power of putting in one to 
supply the chappell from time to time as long as I should 
continue minister there. Being very unwilling thus to tye 
myselfe or preiudice my successours I left all in a shorte time 
after I came among them. Yet not merely upon my own head 
but after I had stated the case to those that were able to advise. 
Perhaps it may turn to my preiudice as to temporalis, yet am 
I better satisfied in conscience in leaving, then in taking upon 
the terms propounded, and shall (I hope) learne hence to trust 
God more and men lesse. I had a presentation lately offered 
me to a market towne five miles West from Taunton, but know 
not as yet what it may come to. Perhaps it is not the will of 
God that I should settle in these parts though my friends be 
much for it, however if I may be useful! any where I shall 
account it a mercy. Sir (I suppose) it is not unknown to you 
that this is my yeare to commence in, tis my humble request 
that in regard of the great distance at which I am from 
Cambridge together with my constant imployment here in a 
place, which cannot as thinges stand at present otherwise be 
provided for, and consequently want of opportunity to provide 
myselfe for my exercise, I may have a dispensation untill the 
next yeere, 'tis a favour usually granted in our Colledge upon 
request, and therefore I am bold to desire it. Thus committing 
you to God with hearty thanks for all favours I rest 

Taunton, your loving friend and servant 

June 4th, 1656 Tho. Bbadon. 

Addressed: To the Reverend Dr Tuckney, Master of St John's 
College, Cambridge, these, 


$20 Notes from the College Records. 

Endorsed by Dr Tuckney: •'This granted June i6, 1656, 
myself, Mrs Berisford, Worall, Mowbray, Buckly, Eyres" 
(f>. probably the Senior Fellows present at the meeting). 

Samuel Bendy, the writer of the next letter, was 
originally of Emmanuel College, from which he took his 
degrees, B.A. 1649-50, M.A. 1653. He was admitted a 
Fellow of St John's in obedience to an order, dated 19 
December 1650, from the Committee for the reformation 
of the Universities. He was appointed Vicar of 
Hornsey, Middlesex, 7 October 1658, and was ejected at 
the Restoration. 

Ever honoured 

My heartyest and most humble service premised, with the 
tender of all possible thankfullness for the many favours you 
have on all occasions vouchsafed mee. Tis not in my power, 
Sir, to satisfy and answer the obligacions and engagements you 
have been pleased to lay on mee, but 'tis really in my heart to 
owne and acknowledge them. It was. Sir, by your kindness 
and courtesy mainly (it may be you have forgotten it, but I never 
will) that I was many yeares since written fFellow of St John's, 
•tis my experience of that kindness and goodness all along ever 
since I have had the happiness to be vnder your wing that puts 
mee vpon the confidence now of presenting you with an humble 
suit (besides the equitableness and reasonableness of the thing 
itsselfe) and it is shortly this ; that you would please to allow 
of and dispense with my yet longer absence, for a while, from 
the Colledg, at least till next Midsummer, when, God willing, 
I shall personally, and not by a paper proxy as now, wayt upon 
you, and either lay down at your feet what I took upp by your 
favour (my fellowshipp) or else give you a good account why I 
doe not. The reason, Sir, why I humbly desire you and the 
Seniors (to whom I pray doe mee the honour to present this 
my request with my service) to beare a while with mee, is. Sir, 
as follows. The little maintenance I have in Kent never yet 
amounted to 40/. per annum, and yet as small as it is, I have no 
legall title at all to it (the Committee for plundered Ministers 
being down ere I left Cambridge) I have according to my poor 

Notes from the College Records. 321 

abilityes supplyed a void vacant place, and my parishioners have 
payd to mee as to those that were here before mee on theyr 
own accord and goodwill ; I am now (and have been this fort- 
night) labouring after a presentation or at least a nomination 
from the Protector, which when I have gott I am in hopes of a 
settled augmentacion too, though hitherto ever since my being 
there the Augmentacion that was paid constantly to my pre* 
decessors has been suspended and discontinued. And now Sir 
I hope you will do mee that fifavour as to continue mee in tho 
Society till I am in some measure provided for elsewhere with 
some settled though small livelyhood. This is that Sir that I 
humbly begge and with confidence expect from your goodness, 
and that which my good ffriend Mr Twyne will in my stead 
wayt upon you and the Seniors for an assurance of (though I 
am well assured beforehand in my own thoughts upon tho 
accounts above named). And thus, with one humble petition 
more viz that of pardon for my thus troubling of you and your 
remembrance of mee in your prayers at the Throne of Grace, I 
rest in all humility 
London yours ever obliged and engaged 

5 March to serve and honour you 

1656. Sa. Bendy. 

. Addressed: For the Reverend and Worshipfull Dr Antony 
Tuckney, Master of St John's Colledge in Cambridge, these. 

Oliver Dand, the writer of the next letter, was of 
St John's, B.A. 1623-4, M.A. 1627, B.D. 1634. He was 
admitted a Keyton Fellow of St John's 31 March 1626. 
He was Bursar of the Bakehouse and Brewhouse from 
15 February 1643-4 to 25 January 1644-5, and Senior 
Bursar from 25 January 1644-5 to 14 January 1645-6. 
He was instituted Rector of Warsop, Notts. 14 June 
1647. Th© Keyton Scholarship and Fellowship were 
restricted to Choristers from Southwell Minster. His 
point was that as Capitular bodies had been dissolved 
by the Commonwealth there were really now no eligible 
candidates for the Scholarships. He urged the point 
that sons of the Clergy in the county of Nottingham 

^22 Notes from the College Records. 

were sufficiently near the original class to justify their 

Reverend Sir 

Year letters of May 27th were very welcome to me. The 
least enioyment of a worthy person and desirable friend much 
refreshes me in my solitude and confinements. As for your 
acknowledgement of any engagement to me, I most willingly 
cancel! it, and protest myself the only debtor. My infirmity 
and weaknesse putts a valew vpon every visitt, but doubles the 
rate of such favoures from your selfe and your worthy brother 
in the service of our Lord Jesus, Mr Reynolds (to whome I pray 
you present my hearty and thankfull respects), assuring you 
that I think that courtesy from you a mercy from heaven to 
comfort mee vnder my afflicting weaknesse and it is my hope 
and suite that your goodnes and pitty may not be weary, but 
tliat vpon your conveniences I may receive the like favoures 
hereafter. As for the motion I then made vnto you, this is the 
full account of it : sometimes thinking of my Happy Narse and 
her affaires, particularly of Dr Keyton's Foundation, from which 
I had received so much benefit, and considering that the ex- 
pressed intention of that worthy and by me to be ever honoured 
Founder was frustrated by the late Act of dissolving Deanes and 
Chapiters, I fancied some way which might come nearest, or 
might be interpretatively his aim. Hee was a clergyman, and 
gave theise fellowshipps and schollershippes to be disposed by 
the Clergy, the Prebendes nominating the choristers and these 
choristers seem'd to bee the care of these clergymen and so his end 
was to advance those that had relation to the Church, now these 
all ceasing, I could find none to supply their Roome in a nearer 
analogy than the clergymen's children of this county, to whome I 
conceive this ffavour was intended. And this can be no wrong to 
the County, when as that which was appropriated to a few choristers 
and those at the dispose of a few Prebenders is now made 
serviceable to all the clergy of the county. Now I could wish 
moreover that there might be such caution had, that it might be 
no preiudice to the County, as likewise there was provision made 
by the late Lord Bishop of Lincolne in the third ordinance or 
Statute of his fifoundation which is registered in the great lether 
booke of leases at the page 1058, bearing date November the 
24th 1624, the copy whereof that you may the fully vnderstand 
it, I have sent you here enclosed. 

NoUs from the College Records. 323 

Now the only difficulty is how this may be done, which to my 
thoughts it seemes that it might be easily effected by moving the 
supreme power that it may be so disposed, especially consider- 
ing that the late Act doth much favoure this design for (if 
I mistake not) in that it is pretended that the dissolving of 
Prebends should be to the advantage of the Church. Sir, these 
were my thoughts, but I presse them not, only I leave them to 
your own iudgment. When you see St John's be pleased to 
present my service to the worthy and Reverend Dr Tuckney, 
your father, and to the Seniours of my acquaintance. I heartyly 
wish you a good iourney and happy return. Mr Lacy presents 
his respects to you and to Mr Reynolds, so commending you and 
all your affaires to the Divine Providence of our Gracious God, 
I rest 

Warsope your true friend and brother in the 

June 2, 1658 Service of our Lord Jesus Christ 

Oliver Dand. 

Addressed: To the reverend his much honored good friend 
Mr John Whillock at Nottingham these present. 

R. F. S. 

(7b ht continued^ 


No maiden cigarette I sing-, 
Like all her kind a fickle thing, 
No sooner have we caught her wing 

Within our meshes, 
Than does she jilt us dwindling 

To dust and ashes. 

My lord may o'er his meerschaum swell. 
The workman in the street as well 
May with a stemless clay excel 

In restful labour, 
Another's beauty I shall tell. 

Despite my neighbour. 

Let those who will call Chloe fair, 

Those pearly ringlets in the air 

Can more than match the golden hair 

They all admire: 
Thy equal dwells not anywhere. 

My long loved Briar! 

Oh, blest Prometheus, who did'st bring 
To mortals blind and suffering, 
Through gods' abhorrent torturing. 

The fire to light it, 
A votive gift to thee I'll fling 

When I ignite it. 

W. K. H. 


JHIS year began Ida to reign, from whom 
arose the royal race of Northumbria ; and 
he reigned twelve years and ' getimbered ' 
Bebbanburh, which at first was 'betined' 
with a hedge and afterwards with a wall." So says the 
SaXon Chronicle under the year A.D. 547 ; but that was 
not the beginning of Bamburgh, though the record of 
its earlier days is lost in the Limbo of forgotten history. 
Geoffrey Gaimar ascribes its foundation to Ebrauc, the 
legendary king of Britain and reputed builder of York : 
the Historia Nennii has preserved its Celtic name of 
Dinguo Aroy, and it may be that British tribal monarchs 
reigned on the great rock-fastness beside the sea when 
Odin, Ida's deified ancestor, was still in the flesh. It 
may be that Roman soldiers or Roman settlers dwelt 
there in the days when Northumberland north of 
Hadrian's Wall was what in modern phraseology we 
should call a " sphere of influence," where speculators 
took their lives in their hands and prospected for 
mineral wealth in the western hills. The traces of 
a small Roman camp have been found within a few 
miles of Bamburgh, at a spot which commands the 
head of the great inlet of Budle Bay and the vanished 
port of Warenmouth, and a few Roman denarii have 
been discovered on the rock itself. But it is as Ida s 
city that Bamburgh makes its first historical appear- 
ance, and its career as one of the strongholds of 
Northumberland lasted for more than a thousand years. 
For grandeur of position Bamburgh Castle is hardly 
to be surpassed by the proudest castle in the world- 

326 The Castle on the Rock. 

Throned on a mass of brown columnar basalt, which 
rests on a bed of sandstone and rises to a height of 
a hundred and fifty feet, the fortress towers royally 
above sand and sea and the rocky islets which dot the 
seascape eastward. More than four miles out lies 
the Longstone, with its lighthouse and its hallowed 
memories of Grace Darling's heroism ; but to a vessel 
approaching the land the towers of Bamburgh appear 
while the Longstone lighthouse is still below the 
horizon, and in the dawn of a summer morning, when 
rock and castle flame blood-red across miles of dark- 
some water, the sight of Bamburgh from the sea is a 
marvel and an inspiration. 

Perhaps it was under such circumstances that the 
rock of Dinguo Aroy was first seen by English eyes, as 
Ida's long-ships came feeling their way across the 
ocean in the dawn. Some day, perhaps, when our 
painters are less deeply enamoured of the commonplace, 
we shall have a picture of the shield-belted vessels, and 
the grim-visaged marauders crowding forward to gaze 
in awed silence at the flaming rock, half believing that 
Valhalla shines before them, Ida himself towering above 
them all, with one outstretched hand pointing to the 
site of his royal city, which he chooses before ever he 
sees another yard of the country that is to form his 

Of the events that followed we have only the brief 
and bare record already quoted, but there are endless 
possibilities of romance in the misty years during which 
Ida and his sons fought for Northumberland. 

<* Shocks, and the splintering spear, the hard mail hewn. 
Shield-breakings, and the clash of brands, the crash 
Of battleaxes on shattered helms."— 

These there must have been in plenty, but all is left 
to our imagination, unless indeed we get a shadowy 
glimpse of reality in Nennius' account of the four kings, 
Urien, Riderchen, Guallanc, and Morcant, who battled 
so stubbornly against Ida's sons. Urien, he says, long 

The Castle on thi Rock. 327 

contended with Theodoric, and fortune favoured either 
side alternately : the British king at last succeeded in 
cooping up his enemies in the the island of Metcaud 
(probably Lindisfame), where he besieged them for 
three days and three nights ; but his military genius 
{in ipso prat omnibtis regibus virhis maxima erat instaura- 
Hone belli) had roused the jealousy of Morcant, and 
that king procured his assassination, apparently when 
victory was almost within his reach. 

However, Ida *getimbered' his fortress-city on the 
great rock, and a strong place he made of it: ^urbs 
munilissimay is the phrase which Symeon of Durham 
uses to describe it, *non admodum magna^ sed quasi 
duorum veltrium agrorum spatium^ habens unum introilum 
cavahim^ et gradibus miro mode exaltatum* \ and the space 
enclosed by the three wards of the medieval castle was 
about eight acres. Ida reigned and died, and was 
succeeded by his sons, Adda, Aethelric, and Theodoric 
in turn : these were followed by Aethelric's son Aethel- 
frith, who gave Dinguo Aroy to his queen Bebba, and 
in her honour renamed it Bebbanburh. After his reign 
the place ceased for a time to be a royal city : Eadwine, 
the son of Aella of Deira, drove the sons of Aethelfrith 
into exile and ruled the united kingdom of Northumbria 
for seventeen years; but the honours of Bebbanburh 
were presently restored under Aethelfrith's son Oswald, 
the hero of Heavenfield and the slayer of the Welsh 
invader Cadwallon. 

Oswald's too brief reign was perhaps the most 
notable period in the history of Bamburgh. It was 
here, no doubt, that the pious king welcomed the 
saintly bishop Aidan, whose acquaintance he must have 
made a few years earlier, when he was living in exile 
at Hii; and here the two must often have conferred 
over the conversion of Northumbria. Here must 
have occurred the well-known incident which Baeda 
describes, — the good king's Easter charity to the poor, 
which moved the Bishop to exclaim, " May this hand 


iiS The CasiU on the Rock. 

never grow old!" Aidan's episcopal seat was the 
bleak island of Lindisfarne, a few miles away, but 
Oswald built him a wooden church and a little chamber 
* in villa regia^ close to the royal city, and here the 
great missionary must often have sojourned during 
sixteen years of strenuous labour: here too he died, 
seized with so sudden an illness that he was forced to 
lie down by the wall of his little timber church, and his 
attendants hurriedly set up a tent to shelter him as he 
passed away, while overhead the August meteors rained 
gold across the sky, and far away on the western hills 
Cuthbert, the shepherd lad who was one day to fill the 
dying bishop's place, took the glory of the shooting 
stars for a flight of angels descending to escort the 
saintly soul to heaven. 

But Bamburgh had seen much trouble before Aidan 
died. Oswald had fallen at Maserfield nine years 
earlier, and twice during the years that followed, Penda 
of Mercia, the old pagan enemy of Northumbria, had 
marched north and attempted to capture the royal city, 
but without success. Oswi, Oswald's brother and 
successor, was probably seldom at Bamburgh ; for after 
the slaughter of Oswin and the reunion of Deira and 
Bernicia under a single king, the seat of the monarchy 
naturally shifted southwards, and we find Oswi residing 
at a place which Baeda calls Ad Murum — probably 
Heddon on the Wall, a few miles west of Newcastle. 
We hear nothing of Bamburgh under Ecgfrith, and little 
during the troubled centuries that followed his death : 
the royal race of Ida disappears in the turmoil, but the 
rock-fortress is connected with the last efforts of 
Northumbria to maintain it$ position as a separate 
though tributary kingdom. In 925 Athelstan — 
" strenuus et gloriosus rex Anglorum," as Florence of 
Worcester calls him— had given his sister in marriage 
to Sihtric, the Danish king of Northumbria ; but on 
ISihtric's death in the following year, he expelled his 
successor Guthferth, and made the northern kingdom 

The Castle on the Rock, 329 

an integral part of his own realm. Athelstan's death 
was followed by more than one futile attempt to restore 
the lost monarchy, but the last of these was suppressed 
by Eadred about the middle of the tenth century, and 
Northumbria became an Earldom. 

It is under Robert de Mowbray, the last of the old 
administrative Earls of Northumberland, that we come 
upon one of the most exciting episodes in the history of 
Bamburgh. Robert conspired with William, Count of 
Eu, to dethrone William Rufus and place Stephen of 
Albemarle on the throne, but the project was frustrated, 
and Mowbray took refuge at Bamburgh : the King 
found the castle too strong to be taken by assault, and 
after building a fort, which was nicknamed Malvoisin, 
to hold the garrison in check, he retired to the south. 
Robert seems to have hoped that his failure was only 
temporary, and his confidence was used to betray him : 
the custodians of Newcastle sent him a deceitful 
message that they were prepared to deliver that fortress 
into his hands, and Robert was delighted ; with thirty 
followers he stole out of Bamburgh by night, but the 
garrison of Malvoisin was on the watch, and his depar- 
ture was at once reported to the garrison of Newcastle : 
when Robert reached his destination, he found himself 
in a trap, but with great difficulty he made his escape 
and took refuge in the monastery of Tynemouth, where 
he was besieged for six days. At the end of that time 
all his followers had been killed or captured, and he 
himself was severely wounded in the leg ; he fled into 
the church of the monastery, but was dragged from 
sanctuary and made a prisoner. Meanwhile his wife, 
the Countess Matilda, and his kinsman Morel still 
held out at Bamburgh, but presently Rufus came north 
and used an effective argument to persuade them to 
surrender : he threatened to put out the captive Earl's 
eyes, if the castle were not given up, and the gates were 
immediately thrown open. Robert de Mowbray was 
imprisoned at Windsor for many years, but eventually 

330 ^^^^ Caslle on the Rock, 

Henry I. released him, and he became a monk at 
St Alban'Sy where, no doubt, he would meet with a warm 
welcome, since it was through his interference that the 
monastery of Tynemouth had become subordinate to 
St Alban's and not to Durham Abbey. 

The reign of Henry I. probably saw the erection of 
the noble Norman keep which still crowns the rock of 
Bamburgh, and the same king gave the castle to 
Eustace Fitz-John, a powerful baron who also had 
possession of Alnwick and Malton : after Henry's death 
Eustace was suspected of disloyalty, and by a sudden 
arrest Stephen compelled him to surrender Bamburgh ; 
whereupon the agg^eved baron immediately joined 
David of Scotland, who was supporting the Empress 
Matilda against the King, and in 1138 David attempted 
to recover the castle for his new ally. Prior John of 
Hexham gives us an interesting little vignette of the 
siege : the young men of the garrison, he says, stood on 
the battlements of a newly constructed outwork and 
jeered at the Scottish army, and the Scots, true to their 
national reputation, were unable to appreciate the joke ; 
they carried the outwork by assault, and a hundred of 
the scoffers lost their lives, but that was the limit of the 
Scottish success. Bamburgh was never taken by the 

The history of Bamburgh was comparatively 
uneventful for the next three hundred years. The 
castle was visited by John, by Edward I., and by 
Edward III., and according to one account David Bruce 
was confined there after his capture at the battle of 
Durham in 1347 ; but for the last stirring episodes in its 
career as a medieval fortress we must pass on to the 
Wars of the Roses. After the battle of Towton in 146 1 
it fell into the hands of the Yorkists, but presently the 
fortune of war was reversed: on November ist, 1462, 
John Paston, junior, writes to his " ryth reverent and 
worchepfall fadyr " that " Syr Wylliam Tunstale is tak 
with the garyson of Bamborowth, and is lyk to be 

The Castle on the Rock. 331 

hedyd, and by the menys of SirJRychard Tunstale, is 
owne brodyr." 

Sir Richard's object seems to have been the acqui- 
sition of a base for the new attempt which was shortly 
to be made by the Lancastrian party, and Queen 
Margaret landed at or near Bamburgh not long after- 
wards; but the efforts of her partizans to raise 
Northumberland proved unsuccessful, and in a little 
while she retired to Scotland, encountering grave 
sea-perils on the way. The Earl of Warwick soon 
had a large army in Northumberland, and on December 
loth Bamburgh was besieged by Lords Montagu and 
Ogle : the garrison consisted of no more than three 
hundred men, while the besiegers numbered ten 
thousand, but for a fortnight the place held out 
stubbornly ; there was some expectation of a Scottish 
army marching to its relief, but the Scots moved too 
late, and on Christmas Eve the garrison surrendered on 
terms. Life and limb were spared, the leading men 
changed sides and saved their estates, and one of them, 
Sir Ralph Percy, was appointed constable of the castle 
for King Edward. Early in the following year 
Bamburgh was again captured by the Lancastrians, 
apparently through the connivance of Sir Ralph Percy, 
who now reverted to his former allegiance, and two 
months later Henry and Margaret took up their 
residence in the castle. Margaret sailed for Flanders 
at the end of July, but Henry remained at Bamburgh 
for several months, reigning peacefully over the 
furthest corner of his former kingdom ; but he appears 
to have removed to Alnwick before the battle of 
Hedgeley Moor, and after the final defeat of his party 
near Hexham in May 1464 he escaped to the west 

Bamburgh was still held for King Henry by Sir 
Ralph Grey, who had been one of the Yorkist com- 
manders at the siege of Dunstanburgh in December 
1462 ; but on June «5th it was invested by Warwick 

332 The Castle on the Rock. 

and his brother, Lord Montagu, whom Edward had 
created Earl of Northumberland, and a contemporary- 
account of the siege has been preserved. The two 
Earls began by sending the King's Chester herald and 
their own Warwick herald " to say unto Sir Rauf Gray, 
and to other that kept his Rebelliouse oppynyon, that 
they should delivere that place continent afler that 
summacion," and all were to receive pardon except Sir 
Ralph Grey and Sir Humfrey Neville, ** thoo tweyn to 
be oute of the Kinges grace, without any redempcion." 
On hearing Sir Ralph's determination to " li£Fe or dye 
within the said place," the heralds delivered a more 
emphatic warning. 

" If ye deliver not this Juelle, the whiche the King 
our most dradde soverain Lord hath so gretly in favour, 
seing it marcheth so nygh hys awncient enemyes of 
Scotland, he specially desirethe to have it hoole, 
unbroken with ordennaunce; if ye suffre any greet 
gunne laide unto the wal, and be shote and prejudice 
the wal, it shall cost yowe the Chiftens hede : and so 
proceding for every gunne shet, to the leest hede of 
any persoune within the said place." 

However, Sir Ralph refused to surrender and " put 
hym in devoir to make deffence." The siege which 
followed was short and sharp; for the Yorkists were 
strong in artillery, and the day of the medieval castle 
was almost over. "Newe Castel, the Kynges greet 
gonne, and London the second gonne of irne. .. .betyde 
the place, that stones of the walles flewe unto the see ; 
Dysyon, a brasin gonne of the Kynges, smote thouroughe 
Sir Rauf Grey's chamber oftentymes: Edward and 
Richard Bombartell, and other of the Kinges orden- 
naunce. . . .with men of armes and archirs, won the 
castelle of Bamburg with asawte, mawgrey Sir Rauf 
Grey, and tooke hym, and brought hym to the Kynge 
to Doncastre." 

The scene which ensued might well have furnished 
Shakespeare with material for such another passage as 

The Casllc on the Rock, 333 

the great scene in the second act of King Henry the 
Fifth, where Sir Ralph's own grandfather "Thomas 
Grey, knight, of Northumberland," is condemned to 
death with the Earl of Cambridge. The Earl of 
Worcester, Constable of England, pronounced the 
dreadful sentence, and near the culprit stood the 
master cook, with his apron and knife, ready to strike 
off his spurs hard by the heels: there too stood the 
King of Arms and the heralds, who were to tear the 
treason -stained coat from the degraded knight's body 
and replace it with a coat bearing the same arms 
reversed, so that he should "as well be disgraded of 
worshipp, noblesse, and armes, as of the order of 

The Constable rehearsed all these harrowing details, 
but ended by announcing that the King had remitted 
the degradation : the rest was dreadful enough. " Than, 
Sir Rauf Grey, this shal be thy penaunce— thou shalt 
goo on thy feet unto the towneseend, and there thou 
shalt be laide downe and drawen to a scaffold maade 
for thee, and that thou shalt have thyne hede smite of 
thi body, to be buriede in the freres ; thi heede where 
it pleased the Kyng " ; and it pleased the King to 
appoint a place where many a better head has mouldered 
away — "sur le pont de London en haut sur un polle, 
en plain apparance." 

So ended the last defender of Bamburgh, and the 
war record of the castle ended with him. In modern 
times the history of the place has been quieter but less 
romantic : robbed of its royalty by James I., it has 
been the seat of a famous charity, and it is now the 
lordly residence of one who bears an honoured name ; 
but the magic of past greatness still clings to the great 
rock of Dinguo Aroy. The works of man may decay 
and be renewed, but the rock will still rise grandly 
above the bleak northern sea, as though it typified the 
might of Ida, the immoveable faith of Oswald, and the 
indomitable tenacity of Margaret of Anjou. 

R. H. F. 

(Being album verses^ written under constraint) 

I THOUGHT her the best of charming^ girls 
When first we became acquainted; 

There was something about her eyes and curls 
That was all my fancy painted. 

I really thought we might hit it off 

And tread life's path united: 
But fortune, the jade, must have her scoff. 

And my hopes are at present blighted. 

You feel the thorn when you pick the rose, 
There were snakes in Eden's garden ; 

And a first-class quarrel one day arose 
'Twixt me and my Dolly Varden. 

It came from a book, a red, red book, 
That was bound in Russian leather. 

The sunshine out of my life it took 
And floored me altogether. 

"Come, write me a page," the maiden cried, 

But I hav'nt a turn for verses; 
For many a weary hour I tried. 

But nothing would come but curses. 

My luck, I must say, is a trifle hard, 

For all is, alas! concluded: 
She has taken up with a long-haired bard. 

And I find myself excluded. 

But love remains though lovers part, 

And her memory fondly lingers; 

Thought I have nought but an aching heart 

And a couple of inky fingers. 


(Poscis ab inviia verba pigenda lyfa) 

DORIDA virgineae sensi praestare coronae 

ex quo nos comites coepimus esse die: 
certe aliquid iucundi oculis ineratque capillis, 

dulcius a somni nil regione venit. 
spes erat unanimis concordem ducere vitam 

unanimo vitae ferre tenore ingum. 
itnproba sed misero fortuna illudit amanti, 

et spes marcescens flos velut omnis abit. 
carpe rosam, spinae digitus persenserit ictum, 

corrupit latitans anguis Edense nemus. 
mox oritur gravior solito discordia nobis, 

quae mihi discidii causa meaeque fuit. 
est liber in causa, rubro liber albus amictu, 

Taurica velarat pellis utrumque latus. 
protinus e vita solem vanescere novi; 

non aliunde magis deiciendus eram. 
iusserat albentem decorare poemate chartam ; 

at me versiculos pangere Musa vetat. 
extendi multas tentamina fessus in horas, 

opprobriis gliscit pagina, rhythmus abest. 
dura, fatebor enim, nimium sors dura videtufi 

finis adest laeti si quid in orbe fiiit: 
pignora nam fallax vati dedit ilia comato, 

ipse moror clausas flebilis ante fores, 
at— remanebit enim si divelluntur amantes— 

vivit adhuCy memori pectore vivit amor; 
quamvis nil restet laceri nisi vulnera cordis, 

quaeque notat digitos sepia labe meos. 

C. Stanwell* 




The Rev Prebendary H. W. Moss. 

A citiun of no mean city. Acts xxi. 39. 

|ITH what vividness the events of early life 
impress themselves on the mind ! We cherish 
with a tenacious affection the memories which 
cluster round our home, our school, our college. 
The cares and interests of our later years cannot obscure 
them. The sorrows and bereavements and disappoint- 
ments, which are part of the common lot, only throw 
them into stronger relief. Old men, when they revisit 
the scenes of their boyhood, sometimes are conscious of 
a strange rejuvenescence, sometimes are struck with a 
sudden surprise that what has loomed so large before 
their imagination is, after all, on so small a scale. I 
remember how William Thomson, Archbishop of York^ 
pupil of that great alumnus of this College, Samuel 
Butler, came to Shrewsbury, which he had not seen for 
a long time, in 1888, and revived the recollections of hi» 
school-days. He afterwards told a friend of mine that 
for many years he had not spent so agreeable a day. 
I recall, too, the exclamation of his school-fellow. Bishop 
Fraser, on a similar occasion : " Why," he said to me, 
as he looked round on the familiar buildings and their 
narrow surroundings, " it all seems to have shrunk." 

No such thought can occur to one who comes back 
to St John's. As he paces the well-known courts, or 
kneels once more in this stately chapel, or shows to 
some admiring companion the treasures of the library^ 

The Commemoratton Sermon, 337 

or roams to and fro in the beautiful grounds, he is full 
of gratitude that the three or four precious years, which 
he spent within these precincts, had so noble a setting* 
And he feels with a new intensity how high a privilege 
it is to be a member of so g^reat and ancient a foundation* 
That feeling existed in embryo, no doubt, in the days 
of his undergraduateship. Although undergraduates 
do not talk much about such things, we all, I think, in 
my own time, were secretly proud of the antiquity of 
the College. Most of us would have failed to satisfy 
even a lenient examiner if we had been questioned about 
its history : other claims on our attention were so im- 
portunate: but a nature must be singularly unimagi- 
native which does not respond in some way to the 
appeal of such a past as that on which this College 
looks back. 

One of the chief dangers of the young, I suppose, is 
that of having too contracted an outlook. The home- 
bred boy is often conspicuously deficient in public spirit. 
School-life, with its multiplicity of common interests, 
enlarges, as a rule, the area of sympathy. And yet 
there are many who, when they go from school to the 
University, show by unmistakable proofs that one of 
their most urgent needs is a widening of their horizon. 
(Forgive me, if in trying to depict a present, of which 
I have little personal knowledge, I draw my colours 
from a well-remembered past.) They split up into sets : 
they move in narrow grooves: while antagonisms, 
happily, are rare, antipathies are far too common. 
Undoubtedly, where tastes and studies and aims are so 
various, some divergency of feeling is inevitable. Like 
is drawn to like by a natural law, and the converse of 
that proposition is equally true. But is there not some 
risk — you know better than I do — that lines of demar^ 
cation may become too broad and too deep ? May it 
not now and then be forgotten, that enthusiasm for one's 
own pursuit does not necessarily involve contempt for 
the pursuits of others f Are there not some who enter 

33^ The Commemoration Sermon. 

upon their college-life proud of their fancied superiority 
— in means or manners, in intellect or in antecedents — 
pu£Fed up with an empty self-conceit which often springs 
from nothing worse than ignorance or inexperience \ 

It would be hard to devise a better corrective for 
these defects, a more eflfectual specific for the growth of 
a comprehensive sympathy, than membership of a great 
historical foundation like our own. The College owes 
its very existence to the piety of a great lady and the 
wisdom and foresight of her friend and counsellor. 
There was nothing mean or selfish in their design. It 
had its origin in the love of God, and a desire to advance 
His glory. In an age which was beginning to chafe 
against the trammels of superstition, and to grope its 
way towards a larger light, they saw in knowledge 
tempered with reverence a safeguard against ill-con- 
sidered change as well as an instrument of orderly 
progress. If their faith may be judged by their acts, 
they believed that God reveals Himself in some of His 
aspects to the diligent student, and that the seeker after 
truth, to whatever department of knowledge he may 
direct his energies, is, whether consciously or uncon- 
sciously, a seeker after Him. If, ever since their time, 
the life of the College has moved on, not without checks 
and hindrances, not without fluctuations and vicissitudes, 
but still with an impetus which again and again has 
carried it triumphantly past rocks and shallows into the 
deep water beyond, is it not because so many of its sons 
in every generation have courageously followed after 
truth, have refused to bow the knee to the idols of the 
crowd, or to accept the popular phrases and formulas 
of the hour as the voice of God ? May we not all, but 
especially the younger members of this society, learn a 
salutary lesson not only in the virtues of simplicity and 
sincerity, but also in loyalty to the proper aims of this 
institution, from that charming anecdote of one of our 
Puritan masters, Anthony Tuckney? The instance 
seems to me so apposite that I hope you will forgive 

The Commemoration Sermon, 339 

its triteness. "In his elections, when the President, 
according to the Cant of the times, wou'd call upon him 
to have regard to the Godly^ the Master answer'd, No 
one should have a greater regard to the truely Godly 
than himself; but he was determined to choose none but 
Scholars : adding, very wisely ; They may deceive me^ in 
their Godliness^ they can not^ in their Scholarship." Now 
I venture to assert, paradoxical though the statement 
may sound, that that was the utterance not only of an 
honest and upright, but of a genuinely religious, man. 

If ever, wherever, in this College the love of learning 
is thrust into the background, and conformity to some 
conventional standard of the day usurps its place, the 
high purpose of the Foundress is frustrated, and the 
worthiest traditions which we have inherited are set 
aside and dishonoured. 

Do not suppose that I am pronouncing a panegyric 
on the life of the recluse, although the originator of 
ideas, the man of the study, as he is sometimes con- 
temptuously called, has often proved himself a master 
of more potent forces than the statesman or the general. 
This College has trained not only students, but men of 
affairs. It has been in close touch with the larger 
world outside its walls. While it has not swerved from 
the steady pursuit of its own ideals, in every century of 
its existence it has sent out sons who have done manful 
service, not always fighting on the same side, as 
champions of great causes. Time forbids more than 
one illustration. What would become of the story of 
the momentous struggle between King and Parliament 
if the names and fortunes of Strafford and Fairfax were 
cut out of it ? It would be incoherent and unintelligible. 
Let us call to mind, as we leave the Chapel, that much 
that we see around us often met their gaze — that, during 
the years of their undergraduateship in this College, 
they were acquiring habits of thought, principles of 
action, which later on impressed themselves in enduring 
forms on the annals of their time. They lived at an 

340 The Commevioralion Sermon, 

epoch when many had broken away from the ancient 
moorings — when the old was pitted against the new in 
what then appeared an irreconcilable conflict. We have 
fallen, you may think — we in England, that is, there is 
stir enough elsewhere — on languid and colourless days, 
where the atmosphere is so depressing that heroism can 
hardly draw breath, still less grow to its full dimensions. 
It may be so. And yet there are questions before the 
world — questions moral, social, and political — which 
have in them the seeds of strange possibilities. There 
may be some here whose forecast of the future is as dim 
as, no doubt, was that of Thomas Wentworth and 
Thomas Fairfax in their youth, who may one day have 
to face crucial trials and handle great opportunities. 

I hope that a preacher may be pardoned, at least on 
this day of commemoration, if he points out how a sense 
of unity with the past history of our College may raise 
our thoughts above the commonplace, and shed round 
the monotony of our daily life a halo of romance. 

And what romantic scenes the College has witnessed 
— Queen Elizabeth riding into the hall to listen to an 
oration, but alas ! unmoved by significant references to 
the losses which the College had sustained and her 
relationship to the Foundress — King Charles the First's 
ill-omened "banquet in the further Court,*' — the 
despatch to the same monarch, then at York or Notting- 
ham, of ;£i50 in money and 2065^ ounces of plate — the 
retaliation of Oliver Cromwell, who had vainly lain in 
wait to intercept the precious convoy — need I remind 
you how he came to Cambridge soon after with a body 
of troops, surrounded the College, " whilst they were at 
their devotions in the Chapel," and carried ofif the 
Master, Dr Beale ? — the imprisonment here a little later 
on of " several heads and fellows of colleges and halls " 
for refusing the covenant. And these are only 
specimens, taken almost at random, of the crowd of 
memorable associations with which the College teems. 

And far fuller of fruitful suggestion than any 

The Commemoration Sermon. 341 

situation, however picturesque, is the large-hearted 
generosity to which the College, in every period of its 
history, has been deeply indebted. Loyalty, foresight, 
devotion, self-denial, are built up into its very walls. 
The fellows and scholars of to-day have to thank men 
long dead, not only for their own opportunities of 
culture, but for the privilege of handing on the torch of 
knowledge to future generations. Let those, whose 
membership of the College is only recent, enquire, for 
example, how the Library came to be built and 
furnished with books, from what source the funds were 
derived which made the erection of the New Court 
possible, or, again, whose pious munificence is embodied 
in this splendid Chapel — I am not referring to one man 
only, although the name of one man must be uppermost 
in our minds. 

** Give all thou canst ; high Heaven rejects the lore 
Of nicely calculated less or more : " 
so wrote the great Johnian poet, William Words- 
worth, whose fame has grown brighter with every 
decade that has elapsed since his death. And that is 
the spirit — the spirit of unsparing openhandedness — the 
spirit of one who is giving back to God what God has 
given to him — which has animated many of our 

In one of her finest stories the late Mrs Oliphant 
describes the siege and occupation of a French town by 
the ghosts of those who had lived and died there. They 
revisit their old homes, not to threaten or terrify, but to 
advise, to appeal, to entreat. To few is any glimpse of 
them vouchsafed, but they throng the streets, they 
people the houses, they man the walls: they long to 
impart to the minds of those whom they still love a sense 
of proportion, a recognition of the paramount value of 
the things that are not seen. 

Ou^ht not the good deeds of those whom we 
commemorate to-day to cry aloud to us in like accents 
superciliousness, exclusiveness^ the bitter intolerance of 

34* T^ Commemoration Sermon. 

from every comer of the College ? Ought they not to 
exorcise, as by an irresistible spell, narrow-mindedness, 
sect or party, the rancours and spites and grudges, 
which sometimes fasten on closely-knit communities ? 
Do not they protest almost audibly that the insatiable 
craving for excitement and amusement, the fetish- 
worship of the body, the undeviating pursuit of purely 
selfish aims, are inconsistent with the true ideal of a 
student's life ? 

Each age must, and will, choose its own objects and 
shape its own methods. We rightly refuse to be held 
fast by the " dead hand," even of a benefactor. The 
circumstances and requirements of our own day can be 
estimated correctly only by us who live in the midst of 
them. The meaning of the word "learning" has 
expanded. Knowledge has enlarged its borders, has 
conquered new domains, moves now on lines of research 
which were wholly outside the ken of our forefathers. 
But on this at any rate our benefactors, if they could 
find a voice, might reasonably insist — that their bounty 
must never be diverted to any lower use. After all, it is 
not the precise nature of their benefactions which 
constitutes their chief claim on our reverence. It is 
their sympathy with the lofly ends for which the 
College exists, and their munificent help in furthering 
those ends. It is their desire to promote the wise train- 
ing of immature minds and wills, the fostering and 
dissemination of the love of learning — to encourage the 
quest after truth, the patient, persistent, unwearied, 
striving towards the light. 

And, so long as the supreme act of self-sacrifice, 
which invites and comprehends us all, is re-presented 
week by week in this Chapel, a collective, corporate, 
acknowledgment is made, binding the past of the 
College to its present, the studies and activities of to-day 
to those of the centuries which have fled, that learning 
must not be sought only for its own sake, still less that 
it may minister to an ignoble egotism — that, unless it is* 

The Commemoralion Sermon. 343 

to lose its most exalted motive, it must be seasoned with 
the salt of self-denial, it must have always in view the 
common good, it must consecrate itself to God. 

I had not intended to refer in this sermon to any 
recent event. When one is retracing the history of an 
institution, which has endured and flourished for close 
upon four centuries, the issues and interests involved 
appear so vast as to reduce individual lives and deaths 
into comparative insignificance. And yet some allow- 
ance must be made for human feeling. We cannot — for 
my own part I think that we should have no cause for 
pride, if we could — regard the death of one whom we 
have known, whom we have learned to respect and 
esteem, with the same indiflference as if he had lived 
and died two or three centuries ago. I hesitated 
whether I should allude to the decease of my old 
friend, William Allen Whitworth, a man strong in his 
self-dedication, strong in the steady perseverance with 
which he pressed on towards the attainment of his 
ideals. And other members of the College have passed 
away since the 6th of May, 1904, who well deserve at 
least a word of two of kindly appreciation. But I 
decided in the negative. Yesterday, however, came an 
announcement which changed my resolve — the news 
that the name of one of the oldest and most distinguished 
members of this College, Edward Hamilton GiflFord, 
must now be erased from its muster-roll. I fear that 
these words do not mean much to the present generation. 
For many years he had lived in congenial retirement : 
and in these days of self-advertisement one who studies 
reality rather than eflfect is soon forgotten. He was a 
pupil of my great predecessor at Shrewsbury, Dr 
Kennedy. His career at Cambridge was unusually 
brilliant. To win the Pitt University Scholarship, to 
be 15 th in the list of Wranglers, to be bracketed Senior 
Classic, and to be adjudged Senior Chancellor's 
Medallist, is a rare combination of achievements, and 
had its fitting academical culmination in his election to 
VOL. XXVI. z z 

344 '^he Commcmoralion Sermon, 

a Fellowship. He returned to his old school as Second 
Master, and at the age of 28 became Head Master of 
King Edward's School, Birmingham. Friends of mine, 
who were under him there, have spoken to me in 
grateful terms of the exquisite taste and fine scholarship^ 
which he brought to bear on the sixth form lessons. I 
must not dwell in detail on the duties which he under- 
took, and discharged with quiet fidelity, after he left 
Birmingham. It is sufficient to say that he was 
examining Chaplain to two Bishops, and was appointed 
Archdeacon of London and Canon of St Paul's in 1884. 
Probably it was the life of the student that he loved 
best of all. Not to mention smaller works, his name 
will long be associated with the Epistle to the Romans 
and Eusebius' Praeparatio Evangelica. He brought out 
his edition of the latter work only two years ago. 
Devoted as he was to St John's, it must have been a 
keen pleasure to him when the Master and Fellows of his 
old College added yet another to the splendid catalogue 
of his academical distinctions by electing him an 
Honorary Fellow. 1 have no right to speak of his 
private life. He was my senior by more than twenty 
years— our paths lay apart, and I was never drawn into 
any close personal relation with him : but on those too 
rare occasions when we met I was always impressed 
with his clearness of judgment, his fair-mindedness, and 
his amiability. May the type of character, of which he 
was a noteworthy example, never die out in this 
College ! These unassuming, unobtrusive, natures, 
always to be trusted, always loyal to duty, whether 
their powers are small, or, as were his, great, wield an 
influence, not the less real and of far-reaching useful- 
ness, because, in large measure, it is withdrawn from 
the public gaze. 


Where low the drooping weeping willow dips 
Its long green tresses in tlie lazy stream. 

Where 'mong the reeds the soundless water slips 
I sat me down one eve to muse and dream. 

The spring had come and o'er the velvet grass 
The tide of fairy flowers had burst like foam ; 

The soft winds breathed — I heard them whispering 
But I was blind, and sick, and sad for home. 

The cuckoo voice was sounding mid the trees 
The note that bids the waking woods rejoice, 

The hawthorn, not the champak, filled the breeze, 
And oh! I could not hear the koil's voice. 

I closed my eyes and let my soul drift on, 
And lo! I saw the azure skies of home. 

Instead of that great tower of grey St John 
Arose the Taj's white ethereal dome. 

And blue and deep the sacred Jumna rolled 
Down from Himdlya — ^father of the snows, 

Its waters sang old songs to me, and told 
Tales of the past that only India knows. 

As a wrecked sailor sobs with joy, half pain, 
When drifts his boat to some familiar beach. 

So heard I, thrilling through my heart again. 
The soft sweet accents of my native speech. 

346 At St John's College^ Cambrtdge. 

And I forgot these cold and alien skies. 

These stranger faces that were nought to me ; 

My soul flew home as the tired rock dove flies. 
Or weary rivers hasten to the sea. 

And though I waked to life again and knew 
It was the cuckoo's, not the koil's, song. 

On my sad heart the comfort fell like dew, 
I knew my exile years would pass ere long* 

Oh! Mother India, keep me in thy care, 
Thy ancient wisdom give, thy calm control. 

Still round my neck the sacred thread I bear. 
And Jumna's waters murmur through my soul. 

J. W. 


||E had another beautiful moonlight run on 
leaving Antigua, and we all stayed on deck 
pretty late in consequence. One of our new 
passengers was an official in the Virgin Islands 
group, and he gave me some interesting details of this 
tiny little colony, which consists of many small islands, 
some only bare rocks or sandbanks, and the larger 
ones very little better. The group comes under the 
Administration of the Leeward Islands, and is connected 
with Antigua by a small cutter which sails at irregular 
intervals. Hence the Virgin Islands are somewhat 
behind the times. Roadtown, the capital, is a much 
decayed place, having been a gay and lively spot in 
the high old times of the buccaneers, but it is now 
only a small settlement of a couple of thousand 
inhabitants. The white population consists of three 
officials, and the gentleman who gave me my informa- 
tion combined in his own person about six separate 
offices, such as Postmaster, Marriage Officer, and 
Controller of Customs. So much for the Virgin 

Full of information I sought my bunk and fell asleep 
to wake and find myself in Basseterre harbour, St 
Christopher's — commonly known as St Kitts. The 
harbour is a very pretty onp, and the town looks well 
from the sea. 

St Kitts disputes with Barbados the title of being 
the oldest British Colony in the West Indies, but 
which ever is the oldest, Barbados has the advantage 

348 Under the Cabbage Palm, 

of having been always English, whereas St Kitts was 
for some time in joint occupation of French and English. 
This arrangement worked fairly at first, but trouble soon 
began, with the result that the early years of the island's 
history are one long story of small fights, both parties 
striving to drive one another off the island, or at any 
rate to extend their own portion of it. In the end the 
French had to go and the island was at peace. There 
are still traces of the disputed boundary line in the 
middle of the island. 

Here we were to leave our steamer and wait three 
days for a home-going boat, so after breakfast we took 
a touching farewell of our friends on board and landed 
in search of a hotel, which we were fortunate in finding 
close to the sea. 

The island is high in the centre, and slopes down in 
all directions to the sea. The highest point is Mount 
Misery, an extinct volcano, with a crater which is a 
favourite place for an expedition. We had hoped to 
get there, but were unable to get the time, as it needs a 
whole day to do. There is an excellent carriage road 
running all the way round the island, some height above 
the sea, and a drive round, 33 miles in all, is very 
pleasant. As soon as we had deposited our baggage 
in the hotel we sallied forth to hire a buggy — the regular 
conveyance of the West Indies — and then having got 
one with difficulty, it being Sunday and the prices 
ruling high, we drove off along the aforesaid road, and 
after about ten miles of very pretty scenery arrived at 
our destination — Brimstone Hill. Brimstone Hill is an 
isolated mass of rock close to the sea, rising quite 
suddenly, and in shape like an inverted pudding 
basin. The story is, that if picked up and put back it 
would exactly fill the crater of Mount Misery, whence 
it was supposed to have been blown in early days. 

It was once a fortress of great importance, and was 
called the Gibraltar of the West Indies. It stood 
several sieges during the great wars, and was once 

Under the Cabbage Palm. 349 

captured by the French. The lines of the fortifications, 
which were erected at great cost about 1790, are still 
there, and also the citadel on the extreme top, from 
whence a fine view is obtainable. The bulk of the 
buildings, however, were pulled down and removed in 
the middle of the last century when the garrison was 
withdrawn and the forts dismantled. Enough remains 
to show, what an immensely strong place it must 
have been in the days of its greatness. 

We toiled slowly and painfully to the top as it was 
baking hot and there was little or no shade. We had 
stupidly forgotten too to bring any sort of refreshment, 
liquid or solid, which made things look rather gloomy. 
However, on the citadel we found a party lunching, 
and as they promptly, in the usual open-handed West 
Indian fashion, invited us to join them, we were soon 
put out of our misery. 

From the top of the citadel we got a good view of 
St Eustatius and Saba — two small Dutch islands, quite 
near St Kitts. The first was a great place in the old days, 
and was captured by Rodney and held to ransom for a 
large sum, but it is now of little or no importance. 
The second is a curious little place : it is a mountain 
rising up from the sea, and all the inhabitants live inside 
what must have been once the crater. However, they 
do not seem to mind, and apparently thrive, as they 
produce the finest sailors in the West Indies, most of 
the officers of the fast trading schooners being Sabans. 

After a rest we drove back to Basseterre, passing 
on our way the hamlet of Sandy Point, once an 
important town. All the way we noticed deep culverts 
and bridges under the road, and on our mentioning this 
to a friend he told us that sudden floods are the great 
curse of the island, as a huge torrent of water suddenly 
rushes down from the high land into the sea, sweeping 
everything before it. Basseterre itself was nearly 
wiped out some years ago by one of these sudden 
floods, and since that time several empty water-courses 

350 Under the Cabbage Palm. 

have been made through the town by which the water 
can escape in the event of another flood. 

That night we slept the sleep of the thoroughly 
tired, and a night on shore proved a welcome change. 

The next morning we were up early, and started to 
explore the town, which we had hardly seen the day 
before. Basseterre is much the same as the other 
towns of the West Indies. It has one rather fine 
square in the middle of it, planted with trees and shrubs, 
which rejoices in the magnificent name of Pall- Mall 
Square. The rest of the town is quite ordinary, with 
the exception of a fierce looking monument, erected to 
the memory of some departed magnate, which is sur- 
mounted by an arc lamp lit by a current kindly supplied 
by the Club dynamo, which is usually out of order. 

At one end of St Kitts and at one point only 
separated from it by a very narrow channel, is the 
island of Nevis, which has probably the most famous 
history of all the smaller islands. It is simply one 
great mountain sloping down in long smooth stretches 
to the sea. The top of the mountain is very rarely 
visible, being nearly always covered by thick white 
clouds. In the old days Nevis was a prosperous and 
thriving island. Famous for its springs it was the Bath 
of the West Indies, and all the rank and fashion of the 
islands was to be found there. It was here that 
Nelson was married, and the register is still to be seen. 
But times have changed and now the island is almost 
deserted. The great houses of the past have sunk into 
ruins almost hidden by the thick tropical growth, and 
the capital, Charlestown, remains but a melancholy 
shadow of a once fashionable town. The old governors 
of Nevis were great men, and the office was one very 
highly sought after, as it involved social duties of a 
nature almost as gay and elaborate as those of London 
itself. But they have long disappeared and the island 
is now a mere dependency of St Kitts. 

The Bishops of Nevis too were great men in their 

Under the Cabbage Palm. 351 

day, but their glory is departed and their diocese is 
merged in that of Antigua. 

Nowhere more clearly than in Nevis is seen that 
shadow of a glorious past which lies upon so many of 
the beautiful West Indies, and which causes a feeling 
of sadness and regret to the traveller as he thinks of all 
that has been. Once the pride of England and her 
wealthiest colonies, they have sunk to a condition of 
poor relations of the Empire. It is instructive in this 
connection to remember in these days of Colonial 
Naval Contributions and Military Organisation that the 
West Indies made their naval contribution in the 
eighteenth century, long before such places as 
New Zealand and Natal became worthy of notice. In 
1793 Bardados built and equipped two frigates for the 
Royal Navy, and she had moreover a militia of 13,000 
white troops, who made themselves extremely useful in 
capturing the neighbouring French islands, notably 
Martinique. The West Indian thinks of all this when 
the mistaken policy of the Home Government has now 
reduced him to living upon doles from the Imperial 
Treasury, and when he hears rumours of the willingness 
of England to part with the West Indies to the United 
States, as places which have ceased to be of value and 
in which therefore she has ceased to take any interest. 

But to return to our wanderings. We spent two 
more days in St Kitts, and made several friends there, 
being received everywhere with that open-handed 
hospitality which is so characteristic of the West 
Indian. We wished much that we had had time to 
visit St Thomas, which is only a short distance further 
north, and which is an interesting place in many ways. 
It is one of the few free ports in that part of the world, 
as most of the other islands subsist chiefly upon the 
proceeds of their customs, and the duties are therefore 
high. However, we had no time to get there, for on the 
third day the boat which was to take us home arrived 
in port, and after sundry farewells we got off. 


352 Under the Cabbage Palm, 

Our return journey took us to the same islands which 
we had previously visited. But we fortunately passed 
both Guadeloupe, and Martinique by daylight, and got 
a fine view of them both. Guadeloupe is a large island, 
which is cut almost in half by a deep inlet of the sea. 
Point-i-Pitre, the capital, is at the south end of the 
island, and we did not sight it, though we passed close 
to Basseterre, the other chief town. The neighbourhood 
of these islands is the scene of Rodney's great victory 
over De Grasse in 1782. Going past Martinique we 
went close up to St Pierre, and could see clearly the 
ruins of the town which was overwhelmed by Mont 
Pel^e in May 1902. It is a most depressing sight, 
particularly the bones, of which there are any quantity 
scattered about. The town before its destruction was 
one of the finest in the West Indies, and contained some 
very handsome buildings. It was famous for its gaiety 
and was a regular holiday place for those who could 
not afford a trip home. Among other attractions it had 
a fine opera house, where good companies from France 
played in the season. Now it is no longer a town : 
only a brown mass of ruins with Mount Pel6e smoking 
sullenly in the background. 

This was the end of our travels, as we got back to 
Barbados early the next morning to find the harbour 
full of warships — the West Indian and Cruiser 
squadrons having arrived in our absence — and the 
whole place full of people and in a great state of 
excitement, which we hastened to share by landing 
before breakfast. 

H. L. Garrett. 


Once more the trees take on their leafy green, 
The tardy flowerets haste up through the grass. ^ 

And I? Why, I remain as I have been 
These fifty years: I watch the seasons pass. 

^* Times change and men with times" some poet said, 
But men this dictum seem to disobey: 

They rise, they eat, they work, they go to bed: 
To-day seems very much like yesterday. 

To-day — to-night perchance were truer phrase— 

The owly Romeos with plaintive cry 
Call to their Juliets in the ivied maze. 

A plague upon them if you keep close by I 

To-day the porter with his heavy keys 
Unlocks the gate above which I reside. 

Which gate I may remark requires much grease 
Upon its hinges frequently applied. 

Seated, to-day beneath yon elm tree's shade 
Man, on a Thursday afternoon, reposes. 

And not infrequently he takes a maid 
From some establishment which early closes. 

To-day, with arms entwined, and variegated 
Blazers upon their backs, on pleasure bent, 

Saunter the men, postprandially elated 
Towards the fields e'en as their fathers went. 

354 ^^^ ^^y of ^^ ^^^ Court Eagle. 

To-day and yesterday and all to-morrow 
Strikes Trinity's great clock, and as refrain 

Strikes for St John's — oh! mighty cause of sorrow 
To sleepless watchers who no rest can gain. 

To-day the men come up, to-day go down 
Their little systems quickly cease to be 

Immutable, immovable, I frown, 
My eagle eye will pierce eternity. 

R. D. B. 


A sketch attrtbuUd to Romney. 

[HE frontispiece of our present number is a 
reproduction from a photograph of a curious 
sketch which has for many years hung in the 
rooms of the Senior Bursar. 

John Romney, the only son of the celebrated portrait 
painter George Romney, was admitted to St John's 
from Manchester Grammar School lo April 1778, he 
commenced residence in the October following and 
became a Fellow of the College in 1785. 

In The Admission Register of Manchester School 
edited for the Chetham Society by the Rev J. Finch 
Smith, Vol. ii, 29 we find in the account of the Rev 
John Romney the following passage ; 

•'George Romney was the rival of Sir Joshua 
Reynolds in popularity, and a feeling of jealousy 
between them is said to have prevented the former 
being admitted an associate of the Royal Academy. 
He very early in life (whilst apprenticed to a carpenter) 
gave indications of his talent in drawing. Caricatures 
of singular characters among his neighbours on barn 
doors, as well as wild landscapes, were his leisure 
amusements ; and he decorated the back of a violin of 
his own making with carving. There is to this day in 
St John's College, Cambridge, a large wooden panel in 
one of the Students' rooms, on which are delineated 
with much spirit and effect, apparently with a poker, 
the witches of Macbeth ; and in another set of rooms a 
similar panel ornamented with another design. 

356 The Wiiches tn Machcih, 

Tradition declares the artist to be Romney, the 
painter. It was probably the handiwork of Peter 
Romney, who lived at Cambridge for some little 

It appears that Peter Romney, who was a younger 
brother of George Romney, died at Stockport in May 
1777; that is to say before John Romney commenced 
residence at Cambridge. George Romney did not die 
until 1802. 

In the late Mr Freeman's account of the pictures 
belonging to the College, we have another account of 
this sketch. In the Eagle (Vol. xi, p. 434) we read as 
follows : 

" There is also a vigorous sketch on a wood panel 
of The Three Witches in Macbeth done with a hot iron 
by " Black Stanley " formerly Bishop of Norwich and 
father of Dean A. P. Stanley. Our authority is the 
late Professor Adam Sedgwick.'* 

Edward Stanley, afterwards Bishop of Norwich 
from 1837 to 1849, entered St John's in 1798. The late 
Professor Adam Sedgwick was a prebendary of 
Norwich and knew Bishop Stanley, so that his state- 
ment is entitled to considerable weight. On the other 
hand Mr Finch Smith's statement was published in 
1 86 1 during Sedgwick's life time, and does not seem to 
have been contradicted. 


(R MuUinger {Eagle^ xxv. pp. 302-5) has given 
reasons for thinking so. The following letter, 
which appeared in The Times Literary Supple- 
ment ior 6 January 1905, lends some confirma- 
tion to his arguments.' It gives evidence of at least 
that Ben Jonson was personally known to John 
Williams a more prosperous Johnian. 

Sir — Dr Scott, who is cataloguing our muniments, 
has brought to my notice an entry in the Treasurer's 
accounts for the year 1628 which will be of interest, I 
think, beyond the limits of the College : 

Jan. ig 1628 (9) Given by Dr Price to Beniamin 
Jhonson in his sickness and want; with consent of 
Dr Price, Dr Sutton, Dr Grant, Dr Holt, Dr Darel, and 
my Lord of Lincoln's good likinge signified by Mr 
Osbalston 5li. 

This I sent to Dr Price, February 24, by Tho. Bush. 

Persons familiar with the ecclesiastical history of the 
seventeenth century will recognise several of the names 
chronicled in this entry. "My Lord of Lincoln" is, of 
course, the celebrated John Williams, who was also 
Dean of Westminster. Dr Price was Williams's sub- 
dean, but seems to have divided his allegiance between 
him and his enemy Laud, so that when he died Williams 
doubted whether he made a good end. Dr Sutton was 
author of a devotional book, " Disce Mori," known to 
the last generation from Newman's reprint. Mr 

358 Was Ben Jonson a Johnian. 

Osbalston was the Master of Westminster School 
(made prebendary on Sutton's death later in the year) 
who was Star-chambered for calling Laud, in a letter to 
Williams, "the little meddling hocus-pocus." I may 
add that Thomas Bush was a bell-ringer. 

The resolution seems to have been adopted in this 
irregular manner because only five prebendaries were 
at hand, and six were required to make a chapter. . One 
would like to know why Dr Newell, the Treasurer, does 
not record his own consent. 

It will be remembered that there is a poem in 
"Underwoods" (Ixxix.), addressed to King Charles 
"for an hundred pounds he sent me in my sickness, 
1629"; and the poem that stands next before this is 
"an epigram to the Lord Keeper," ue.^ Williams, 
congratulating him on his dismissal from his temporal 
office — this was in the autumn of 1625 — on the ground 
of the leisure he gained for episcopal duties. It is 
possible, therefore, that they were friends and that the 
capitular act of charity was performed not only " with 
my Lord of Lincoln's good likinge," but at his sugges- 
tion. However this may have been, Jonson, as an old 
Westminster scholar and the friend of Camden, must 
have been known to some of the prebendaries. 
I am, Sir, your obedient servant, 
H. C. BEECHING, Canon and Treasurer of 
Westminster Abbey. 
January 2. 

Convent me $pxtvxexxt. 

JRITTEN in full, this would be souvent il me 
souvient. The meaning of course is ' I often 
remember/ or *I often bethink me.' In 
Italian, verb and adverb are less alike, 
savenie mi sowiene; in Proven9al, they are identical, 
soven me soven.* The Latin equivalent is subtnde 
(=s saepe) mihi subvem'L The reflexive form, je me 
souvtenSf now in common use, is condemned by 
the French Academy as a barbarism which originated 
in the XVIth century. It is as barbarous a form, their 
Dictionary tells us, as would heje m'importe instead of 
il m'importe. It is, in fact, like writing mihi subvenio 
for mihi subveniL 

But why these grammatical remarks ? 

Most readers of The Eagle know that §b( \t pufg is the 
motto of the Lady Margaret Boat Club, and most 
readers can construe it. The sentence at the head of 
this paper is, I think,^ not quite so familiar, nor is the 
'construe' quite so obvious. Yet it is, in all 
probability, the motto of the Lady Margaret herself. 

The words in question are found, so far as I know, in 
one place only in the College, viz., in the quite modern 
stained glass on the Combination Room staircase. 
They may there be seen repeatedly inscribed on bands 
which pass behind the antelopes forming the supporters 
of our Foundress's escutcheon. At Christ's College, on 
the other hand, they are found in at least four places, 

* So in the Anglo-Frencb| souvent me souvent. 

360 Souvent me SouvienL 

twice in the Hall (over the dais and on the stained glass 
of the oriel window), over the gate leading to the 
Fellows' garden, and lastly in a portrait of the 
Foundress on the west wall of the Chapel. In all these 
places, however, except the last, the inscription is 
modem ; but the portrait is believed to be of the 
Elizabethan age. In this, as everywhere else, the 
words are found below the arms, in the manner of an 
heraldic motto, the portcullis (in the portrait) being 
placed below. Any reader who may wish to sec them 
there for himself should go armed with a powerful glass, 
as the portrait is hung high and the words are not very 
easily made out. Their position in this early portrait 
renders it, I think, highly probable that they were the 
Lady Margaret's family motto. Yet Cooper in his 
description of her coat-of-arms [Memoir^ p. 126) says 
nothing of the motto; neither does our late Fellow, 
Mr F. C. Wace, mention it {The Arms and Badges of 
SL Johris College^ The Eagle vol. xv, pp. 425-436). 
Nor is it to be seen, I am informed, on her monument 
in Henry VII's Chapel, Westminster Abbey. 

The parents of the Lady Margaret were buried, as is 
well known, in Wimborne Minster, where their daughter 
erected a monument to their memory, which is in 
excellent preservation, and is fully described in John 
Hutchins's History of Dorsetshire (vol. Ill, p. 212). The 
figures lie side by side, each holding the right hand of 
the other, and each wears what Hutchins calls ' a collar 
of SS ' ; but everything in the way of arms or inscrip- 
tion has long since disappeared.* Much nearer home, 
however, in fact no further than Landbeach Church, 
some five miles from Cambridge, there are to be seen in 
the north and south lights of the east window two 
figures which are believed to represent the same per- 
sonages, John Beaufort, first Duke of Somerset, and his 
Duchess. The window is composed of fragments, more 

* Hutchins thinks theie never was any insciipiiou. 

Souvent me Sauvieni. 361 

or less considerable^ of evidently fticient glass, 
which were put together and placed in their present 
position by the eminent antiquary, Robert Masters, 
who was Rector of Landbeach 1759-1784. Dr Bryan 
Walker, formerly Law Lecturer in this College and 
Rector of Landbeach 1871-1887, also a learned anti- 
quary, who wrote a volume of Collectanea de Landbechi^ 
still in manuscript, on the antiquities of his church and 
parish, accepted this identification, which he gives in 
a notice of Landbeach contributed by him to Spalding's 
Guide to Cambridge. From Mrs Bryan Walker, to whose 
kindness I am indebted for the above information, I 
further learn that, on a visit to Wimborne many years 
ago, Dr Walker found a similar tradition there also as 
to the removal of a window containing the figures in 

The figure in the south light of the window now at 
Landbeach is that of a lady of high rank kneeling, 
beneath a canopy, at a table on which is an open book 
of devotions. The face is towards the spectator's right ; 
and the whole, save for the unlikeness of the face, 
strikingly resembles the familiar portraits of the Lady 
Margaret. The male figure is also canopied and kneel- 
ing at a desk with an open book, but the lower part is 
gone. Now beneath the figure of the lady, and clearly, 
I think, belonging to it, is the word SOUbfcnt. The rest 
of the motto, it seems probable, originally stood 
beneath the male figure on the left. In that case it 
would appear that the words in question were the 
motto (or a motto*) of the Beauforts. 

^Ottbenf me SOUbfenf. Their very vagueness fills the 
words with meaning and suggestion. They at once 
recall Shakespeare's 

When to the sessions of sweet silent thought 
I summon up remembrance of things past. 

* Hutchins (in, 214) notes the occurrence Mt Wimboroe, beneath the 
Duche&5*s uame, uf the tnoito mutan vcl limcre sperno. 

i62 Sauvent me SouviffiL 

In the mouth of one of our Foundress's kin they 
seem like the 

Citing up a thousand heavy times 
During the wars of York and Lancaster 
That had befallen them. 

To us they sound like a warning, lest we forget^ Ust 
we forget 

In themselves they might serve to express an 
abiding memory happy or unhappy, a claim never 
abandoned, a fixed resolve, a rooted sorrow, a haunting^ 

Thus in Jeremy Taylor's Hely Dying the following 
quaint verses are cited, which seem as if they came 
out of Everyman : 

Whoso him htthofl 
Inwardly and oft 
How hard it were to flit 
From bed unto the pit, 
From pit unto pain 
That nere shall cease again, 
He would not do one sin 
All the world to win. 

I take this quotation from the Funeral Sermen of the 
Lady Margaret edited by Hymers (p. 147). In the same 
treatise of the eloquent Bishop we find again : 

Man, thee behoveth oft to have this in mind. 

What thou givest with thine hand, that thou shalt find. 

On the lips of our Foundress the words seem most 
fitly taken as expressive of some holy desire constantly 
cherished, some good counsel stedfastly pursued, or of 
her unceasing care for her beloved Colleges. 

But, perhaps, as an heraldic motto, the words are 
merely a case of 'canting heraldry,* and owe their 
adoption to considerations of sound rather than of 
sense. The three syllables of the title * Somerset' 
borne by several of our Foundress's kin, whether as 
earls or dukes^ may have suggested, I imagine, the 

Souvifit me Souvient 363 

three words of the motto. Possibly the 'collars of SS' 
on the figures in Wimborne Minster point to the same 

Sb( ff pute has fired the muse of at least two Johnian 
bards and, I think, three Johnian composers. When 
the gifted author of mater repim Margareta sings, and 
we sing with him, 

si possimus, fuerimus 
semper caput fluminis, 

we are giving an aquatic application to a motto equally 
apt to express any other, even higher, aspiration. At 
the sister College, I hear, ^ottbent mi Sbcubfrnt has found 
its poet.* 

W. A. C. 

* Chriifi College Magazine^ Easter Term 1900. 


|URING the last half-century Cambridge ha$ 
been particularly rich in writers of the lighter 
order of verse. Among a number of lesser 
names there are a few which deserve special 
attention. C. S. Calverley, of Christ's, who took his 
degree in 1856, is perhaps the most familiar to Cam- 
bridge men of to-day, and most of his poems are still 
well known. Hilton, of St John's, who took his degree 
in 1872, is remembered — ^by far too few — as the author 
of the most brilliant of Cambridge periodicals. R. C. 
Lehmann, of Trinity, President both of the C.U.B.C. 
and of the Union, whose " Ode on the birth of 9 son to 
the Master of Trinity " reveals an ingenuity in rhyming 
which is perhaps nowhere surpassed, is better known 
through his connection with rowing than with poetry. 
J. K. Stephen, of King's, was President of the Union 
in 1880, and, though he did not live to fulfil the promise 
of his Cambridge days, he has not fallen into the 
oblivion which he so little deserves. His brilliant 
epigram on a personage of historic importance is 
unfamiliar to so many that we may be pardoned for 
quoting it, 

O.B., Oh be obedient 
To Nature's stern decrees ; 
For though you be but one O.B., 
You may be too obese. 

Arthur Clement Hilton, 365 

In more recent years Owen Seaman, of Clare, and 
Barry Pain, of Corpus, have worthily preserved the 
traditions of their predecessors. 

Among the above-mentioned writers Hilton is 
surpassed by none in the brilliance of his productions, 
though the work for which he is remembered is nearly 
all contained in two slender numbers of an ephemeral 
University periodical. He is, moreover, of special 
interest to readers of the Eagle^ as having been a 
member of St John's College, though it seems uncertain 
whether Hilton ever contributed to its pages. 

The life of Hilton by Sir Robert Edgcumbe, which 
has recently been published, is a little disappointing, 
though it possesses that interest which always attaches 
to a memoir by the survivor of a sundered friendship. 
The picture of Hilton which is given us is that of no 
specially distinguished figure, and except for a few 
occasional flashes we look in vain for the brilliance 
revealed in the Light Green, The portions of Sir 
Robert Edgcumbe's book for which we feel most grateful 
are the chapters on Hilton's Cambridge life and the 
collection of his writings and fragments. 

Arthur Clement Hilton was born in 185 1, at Banbury. 
At the age of 13 he went to Marlborough, of which 
Dean Bradley was then Headmaster. He was a 
frequent contributor to the " Marlburian," and won 
prizes for English Composition and for English Verse. 
He was contemporary at school with the present Lord 
Tennyson and with the University Librarian, Mr F. J. H. 
Jenkinson. In 1869 he came up to Cambridge at the 
age of 1 8, and after three years there entered Wells 
Theological College. He was ordained on the 
ist March, 1874, his twenty-third birthday, and went 
as curate to Sandwich, where he remained till his death, 
which took place on April 3rd, 1877. 

Hilton came up to Cambridge in October 1869, and 
spent his first year in rooms in Jesus Lane, subsequently 
moving into rooms now occupied by K. S. Koh, on the 

366 Arthur Clement Hilton. 

ground-floor of D, New Court. With hard work he 
would have been able to do fairly well in the Classical 
Tripos, but he preferred to read for an ordinary degree 
and so allow himself more time for less strictly academic 
pursuits. He was not a g^eat athlete, and his sole 
claim to distinction in that connection is based on the 
fact that he coxed one of the Lent boats in the days of 
Goldie. Most of Hilton's Cambridge letters have been 
lost, and those which have survived are not of any 
particular interest. They reveal his great love for 
acting, which found expression through a dramatic 
society called " The Flies," of which Hilton became a 

A few of Hilton's ohiter dicta are preserved to us and 
some of them are worth quotation. He was asked on 
one occasion whether he knew the Master of St John's. 
" Yes, I do," he replied, " and I think it advisable, for 
you see the Master has considerable influence with the 
Head Porter." In one of the College examinations a 
Divinity paper was set, in which candidates were 
required to illustrate certain texts by other passages of 
scripture. One of these texts was, " Let their way be 
dark and slippery." Hilton immediately passed round 
the hall a slip of paper, on which he had written " A 
good illustration of this text is Jonah in the whale's 

It was not till the May Term of Hilton's last year, 
1872, that The Light Green was produced. This was a 
slender magazine, consisting principally of parodies, 
of which six out of eight were written by Hilton himself. 
Of these probably the best known is " The Vulture and 
the Husbandman," a parody of Lewis Carroll's " The 
Walrus and the Carpenter." The poem deals with a 
Little-go examination in the Senate House, and the 
choice of the title is explained by a quotation from 
Johnson's Dictionary — Vulture-^Vi rapacious and 
obscene bird, which destroys its prey by plucking it 
limb from limb. Husbandman — a man in a low 

Arthur Clement Hilton. 367 

position of life who supports himself by the use of the 

One or two of the best stanzas may be quoted. 

The papers they had finished lay 

In piles of blue and white. 
They answered everything they could. 

And wrote with all their might. 
But though they wrote it all by rote. 

They did not write it right. 

**The time has come," the Vulture said. 

To talk of many things. 
Of Accidence and Adjectives, 

And names of Jewish kings. 
How many notes a sackbut has, 

And whether shawms have strings." 

The most brilliant parody is that entitled "The 
Octopus, by Algernon Charles Sin-Burn," in which the 
resemblance to the original is maintained both in metre, 
in spirit, and in that almost sensuous luxuriance of 
language which Swinburne has inherited from such 
predecessors as Keats. Of this poem, which, as we 
are told, was " written at the Crystal Palace Aquarium," 
it seems impossible not to quote the whole. 

Strange beauty, eight-limbed and eight-handed 

Whence earnest to dazzle our eyes? 
With thy bosom bespangled and banded 

With the hues of the sea and the skies; 
To thy home European or Asian, 

O mystical monster marine? 
Part molluscous and partly crustacean, 

Betwixt and between. 

Wast thou born to the sound of sea-trumpett ? 

Hast thou eaten and drunk to excess 
Of the sponges — thy muffins and crumpets, 

Of the seaweed — thy mustard and cress? 

368 Arthur Clement Hilton. 

Wasl thou nurtured in caverns of coral, 

Remote from reproof or restraint? 
Art thou innocent, art thou immoiali 

Sinburnian or Saint? 

Lithe limbs, curling free, as a creeper 

That creeps in a desolate place, 
To enroll and envelop the sleeper 

In a silent and stealthy embrace, 
Cruel beak craning forward to bite us, 

Our juices to drain and to drink, 
Or to whelm us in waves of Cocytus. 

Indelible ink! 

O breast that 'twere rupture to writhe on I 

O arms 'twere delicious to feel 
Clinging close with the crush of the Python, 

When she maketh her murderous meal ! 
In thy eight-fold embraces enfolden, 

Let our empty existence escape, 
Give us death that is glorious and golden. 

Crushed all out of shape ! 

Ah ! thy red lips lascivious and luscious, 

With death in their amorous kiss. 
Cling round us, and clasp us, and crush us. 

With bitings of agonised bliss; 
We are sick with the poison of pleasure. 

Dispense us the potion of pain ; 
Ope thy mouth to its uttermost measure 

And bite us again. 

This is parody of the very highest order, and the 
literary value of such work shows that Hilton did not 
choose far amiss when he decided on an ordinary degree 
and a wider study of literature. Other parodies in the 
first number of The Light Green included " The Prattler 
in Cambridge " and contributions by Weeder (with the 
footnote, " We regret to say that the rest of this gifted 
authoress' contribution is improper, and unfit for publi- 
cation,") and Rosina Christetti. 

Hilton never intended to publish more than one 

Arthur Clement Htltotu 3^9 

number of The Light Greeny but the success which 
attended his maiden effort was such that he was 
encouraged to publish a second number in November 
1872, though he was no longer in residence. This 
number was little inferior to its predecessor. It con- 
tained "The May Exam." by Alfred Pennysong, **The 
Heathen Pass-ee," by Bred Hard," and other contri- 
butions. "The Heathen Pass-ee," being the story of a 
Pass Examination, again shows Hilton at his very 
best. The original of his verses is of course Bret 
Harte's "Heathen Chinee," itself a parody of 
Swinbrune's Hertha. The burden of the poem will be 
made plain by the quotation of a few stanzas describing 
the final exposure of " The Heathen Pass-ee." 

The scene that ensued 

Was disgraceful to view. 
For the floor it was strewed 

With a tolerable few 
Of the "tips" that Tom Crib had been hiding 

For the "subject he partially knew." 

On the cuff of his shirt 

He had managed to get 
What we hoped had been dirt, 

But which proved, I regret. 
To be notes on the rise of the Drama, 

A question invariably set. 

In his various coats 

We proceeded to seek. 
Where we found sundry notes 

And — with sorrow I speak — 
One of Bohn's publications, so useful 

To the student of Latin and Greek. 

In the crown of his cap 

Were the Furies and Fates, 
And a delicate map 

Of the Dorian States, 
And we found in his palms, which were hollowi 

What are frequent in palms, that is dates. 

370 Arthur CUfnent Hilton. 

A style oijeu d^ esprit which is noteworthy, because it 
rarely emanates from the undergraduates' pens, is seen 
in "Mrs Brown at Cambridge." A short quotation 
will show how successfully Hilton could become the 
mouthpiece of types which he had been little 
brought in contact. " Well, up the hairy steps I went, 
thro' 'er a-occypying the ground floor, and a-letting the 
first, and the very first thing as I sees were a roamin' 
candle goin' off on Parky Peace as they call it, tho' a 
poorish park to me as knows Grinnidge, and as for 
Peace, its a-calling peace where there's no peace, thro' 
bein' a mask of folk all a-'ustlin' and a-jeerin,' and a- 
letting off fireworks, as is things I don't 'old with, thro' 
John Biggin as was my first cousin on the mother's side 
being blinded with a rocket at Vaux'all, as were a piece 
of luck for Mrs Biggin, as no one would 'ave married 
with 'is eyes open thro' 'er face bein' puffect cullender 
from the small-pox." 

Consisting as it did of contributions of this order it 
is not strange that The Light Green has gained and 
preserved a reputation as one of the most brilliant of 
Cambridge undergraduate publications. It is hardly 
to be expected that any of the more permanent of Cam- 
bridge periodicals should be able to set themselves such 
a standard of excellence, but in point of fact not even the 
most meteoric of them can claim a place beside The 
Light Green. 

The five years which remained between the end of 
Hilton's Cambridge life and his death were spent 
partly at Wells and partly at Sandwich. During this 
time he wrote but little verse, and much of that little 
was in a more serious vein. In a poem entitled Suspense 
he shows a close resemblance, not only in metre and 
mode of expression, but in spirit and teaching, to parts 
of In Memoriam. He wrote a few songs and hymns 
and one or two poems of rather greater length, but 
between study and parish work his leisure was small. 

It is nearly thirty years since Hilton died, but he is 

Arthur Clement Hilton. 371 

still remembered in Cambridge by The Vulture and the 
Husbandman^ and other of his poems. His life was too 
short to allow of the development of that talent which 
he made so manifest at Cambridge, but by Johnians at 
any rate he may be remembered for what he has done, 
and among those whom we are proud to think of as 
members of our foundation the name of Arthur Clement 
Hilton may perhaps be not unworthy of a place. 

H. W. H. 

The Ven Edwin Hamilton Gifford D.D. 

The Venerable Archdeacon Gifford, Honorary Fellow of the 
College, died in London after undergoing an operation, on the 
Sth May last. Dr Gifford, who was born in Bristol i8 December 
1820, was the sixth son of Richard Ireland Gifford and Helen, 
daughter of William Davie, of Stonehouse, Devon. He was 
educated first at Elizabeth's Grammar School, Plymouth, and 
afterwards at Shrewsbury, which he entered in 1837 ^^^ ^®^' ^^ 
1839. He had a distinguished University career, and was first 
a Fellow, and afterwards an Honorary Fellow, of the College. 

The following notice of Dr Gifford appeared in the Camhridge 
Review for October 29th 1903 on the occasion of his election to 
an Honorary Fellowship at St John's : 

Edwin Hamilton Gifford was head boy when I entered 
Shrewsbury School late in 1838 or early in 1839. He graduated 
in 1843, when Adams was Senior Wrangler (Stokes having been 
Senior in 1841 and Cayley in 1842). On the 4th of April 1843 
Gifibrd succeeded George Kennedy in a Foundation Fellowship, 
Charles Turner Simpson, Second Wrangler in Cayley's year, 
and John Couch Adams being admitted on the same day. 
Gifford married before the next election (March 1 844), and was 
succeeded by G. W. Hemming, the Senior Wrangler of that 

I had intended to enter College in 1843, ^"^ Dr Kennedy 
insisted on my waiting for another year. Thus I had the 
advantage of reading privately with Gifford, who had been 
appointed second master of his old school. 

It was a time when Shrewsbury men, partly trained under 
Butler (see Munro's notice of Cope and Samuel Butler's life of 
his grandfather), were fired with enthusiasm by the new master. 
France was Senior Classic in 1840; Cope (For son Prize 1839), 
Bather, andThring headed the Tripos in 1841 ; Munro (Craven 
Scholar 1841) was Second Classic and Senior Medallist in 1842. 
In 1843 Gifford (Pitt Scholar 1842) was Fifteenth Wrangler, 
Senior Medallist, and bracketed Senior Classic with his school- 

Obituary. 373 

fellow George Druce (Porson Prize 1841-42). In 1844 W. G. 
Clark (Porson Prize 1843, Greek Ode 1842 and 1843, Epigrams 
1842) was Second Classic and Second Medallist (H. J. S. Maine 
being Senior). 

My few remaining contemporaries will remember how the 
Sixth Form of 1842-44 had the example of these heroes held 
out before us to inspire or to shame us. Each generation was 
painfully conscious of its natural inferiority to its seniors ; we 
could only hope, by unsparing labour, not utterly to disgrace 
our inheritance. 

Gifford succeeded J. P. Lee as Headmaster of King Edward's 
School, Birmingham (where he remained from 1848 to 18621 
graduating as D.D. in i860, so that he must be senior of the 
faculty, or near it; Bishop Ellicott took the degree in 1863). 
He was Rector of Walgrave in 1866-75, and of Much Hadham 
in 1875-86. I well remember with what delight H. A. J. Munro 
recalled his visits to the latter parsonage. From 1870-74 he 
was Warburton Lecturer at Lincoln's Inn; the lectures were 
published under the title Voices of the Prophets. 

From 1884-89 he was Archdeacon of London and Canon of 
St Paul's. Bishop Temple during these years did not fail to 
spur the willing horse, demanding of him many services which 
were not in the bond. An organisation of working men, I 
forget under what name (anyhow, Demos in his majesty), 
declared its intention to attend service at the Metropolitan 
Cathedral. Fortunately for the Chapter, Gifford was Canon in 
residence. The police, who were in some alarm, were directed 
to shew the visitors to the seats assigned to them. All passed 
off well, though it was whispered that the audience, true to the 
traditions of Hippo under Augustine and Constantinople under 
Chrysostom, could not entirely refrain from applause. 

Beside minor works (see Crockford) Dr Gifford has published 
in the Speaker's Commentary the Epistle to the Romans (the 
next Epistle, I. Cor., fell into the unconventional hands of his 
school-fellow, T. S. Evans), Baruch, and the Epistle of Jeremy ; 
in the Nicene and Post-Nicene Library a translation of St Cyril 
o/JerusaUnCs Catechetical Lectures, with Commentary. In this 
year 1903, sixty years after his degree, he has published for the 
Clarendon Press a critical edition, with translation and com- 
mentary, of the Praeparatio Evangelica of Eusebius. Those who 
wish to learn the quality of this octogenarian labour, may consult 

374 Obituary. 

Dr Schilrer, a most competent judge, in the Theohgische Liieraiun 
zeiiung of October 24. 

Cambridge in 1864 lost the chance of enrolling Dr Gifford 
among its Professors. He was a candidate for the Norrisian 
Professorship when Dr Swainson was elected (it is said) by Dr 
Wheweirs casting vote. Without disparaging Dr Swainson*s 
services to theological learning, we may say that the trio, 
Westcott, Hort, Lightfoot (two of them Birmingham men), 
would have been still more ably seconded if thirty-nine years 
ago the votes had fallen otherwise. 

On the gth of October in this year, more than 60 years after 
his election to a Foundation Fellowship, Dr Gifford was, by a 
unanimous vote of the College Council, elected to an Honorary 
Fellowship of St John's. Thus on this higher roll, as on the 
lower, his name will be associated with that of his friend and 
contemporary J. C. Adams. The Second Wrangler of 1843 
(Bashforth), also a Johnian, is still living as a College incum- 
bent, and has just published a mathematical tract at the Pitt 

John E. B. Mayor. 

The Editors of The Eagle having asked me to write some 
reminiscences of the late Dr Gifford, I gladly avail myself of the 
opportunity of giving some personal recollections of my revered 
Master and friend. My acquaintance with him began when at 
the trembling age of (I believe) 11, 1 presented myself before 
him as a candidate for admission to King Edward's School, 
Birmingham. He then impressed me with a feeling of rever- 
ential awe, a feeling which, though in time it gave way to 
admiration and affection, has never wholly left me. So striking 
was his personal dignity that, gentle in disposition and courteous 
in manner as he always was, the most audacious of boys would 
have thought twice, nay thrice, before in the slightest degree 
presuming upon them. He was not an athlete in the modem 
sense of the word, and one defect in our School was the absence 
of any real supervision or recognition of our sports and games. 
The result was that not a few of us on entering College life 
indulged in those recreations with an ardour that was not always 
consistent with hard reading. Though slender and graceful in 
figure Dr Gifford was able to endure a fair amount of bodily 

Obituary. 375 

exercise, and he was (I believe) well able to handle an oar, and 
a keen rider and fisherman, thus showing himself a worthy son 
of Devon, his County. 

When appointed Head Master of King Edward's School, he 
\iras, I believe, the youngest of all Public School Head-masters. 
I am told that at first some of the boys were struck by the 
shyness of his manner, and it was probably owing to this shyness, 
and to the consequent effort made by him to maintain the 
dignity due to his position, that there was for some years an 
appearance of reserve about him. If I may take liberties with 
the words of our great Poet I would say of him that 

" From his cradle 
He was a Scholar, and a ripe and good one ; 
Exceeding wise, fair spoken and persuading, 
To those who knew him not reserved in manner. 
But to those men that knew him sweet as summer." 

Thus, though sometimes in awe, we always were proud of 
our Head Master, never more so than on one occasion when a 
party of distinguished statesmen paid a visit to the School, and 
Mr Gifford's reception of them before the assembled School 
impressed us all with one opinion, that not one of the visitors 
was his equal in perfect ease and dignity of bearing. If I were 
obliged to describe in one word his character and appearance, 
*• thoroughbred " is the word that I should choose. 

Mr GifTord succeeded a Head Master whose powers as a 
teacher must have been almost phenomenal, and several of his 
pupils were of corresponding ability. In one year's Classical 
Tripos, out of a First Class of only six, three were pupils of 
Dr Lee ; of these two were bracketed as Senior Classics, and 
the third was fifth! As, moreover, other Schools, free from 
the noise and smoke of Birmingham, were becoming more and 
more popular, it might well have been expected that there 
would be a falling ofif in the Honours gained by our School. 

Still, Mr Gifford showed himself no unworthy successor of 
Dr Lee, for though his list of Honours included no Senior 
Classic, yet from 1852 to i860 there was always at least one 
pupil of Mr Gifford's in the First Class of the Classical Tripos. 
At Oxford, Edward Burne Jones, Edwin Hatch, Canon Dixon, 
Harry Macdonald, and probably several others won laurels for 
u$. I am convinced that no scholar could surpass, few could 

376 Ohttuarj. 

equal Mr Gifford's translations of Greek and Latin Authors ; 
I recall especially his renderings of Thucydides and the 
Agamemnon. Of bis " Composition " we had no opportunity 
of judging, as he never gave us any versions of the pieces set 
us, much to our regret and loss, as we knew two or more 
exquisitely finished pieces of his in the '* Sabrinae Corolla.'' 
On his published work I feel my incompetence to pass any 
judgment, though I feel convinced that no Theologian or 
Scholar can read without pleasure and profit his ''Study of 
Philippians ii, 5-1 1 " ; or his last work, Plato's ** Euthydemu8„" 
which he dedicates thus— 

"To the Master and Fellows 


St John*s College, Cambridge, 

This little volume is inscribed 

In grateful remembrance 

of the many privileges enjoyed 

By the Editor 

Daring sixty-five years 

As Scholar, Fellow and Honorary Fellow 

of the College."— 

Words which will endear his memory even to those JohoiarH 
who never knew him personally. I may add that I know that 
he never failed in love or loyalty to Cambridge and St John's. 
"I think'* — said Mr Shilleto to me — "that I never had a pupil 
with a harder or clearer head than Gifford's." 

A competent judge has told me that his Commentary on the 
Epistle to the Romans, and his " Incarnation," could hardly be 
over praised. Dr Gifford himself ouce told me that on coming 
to St John's he took so kindly to Mathematics that if had not 
been in Adams' year he would have been content with a 
moderate place in the Classical Tripos, and strained every nerve 
to be Senior Wrangler. He also has told me that circumstances 
made him a School Master; that his own wish had always beeu 
lo go to the Bar. What another race he would then have run 
with his friend and school-fellow George Druce for the Lord 
Chancellor- ship ! The early death by an accident of the one^ 
and ** circumstances " in the case of the other, forbade this 

One more point in his character I must mention — his 

Olituary. 377 

extreme "honesty." As the word is commonly used this is 
but faint praise ; for many a man passes as honest of whom one 
cannot feel sure that he would always be ready *' vitam impendere 
vero." Perhaps at my own expense (and in a small matter), I 
may give an instance of Dr Gifford*s ** honesty." I had sent to 
him some verses that I had written in competition for a Prize, 
he wrote "I am no judge of poetry, but I do not like your 
metre. I do not think you will get the Prize." The result 
proved that he was a better judge of " poetry " than he thought. 
It was thus that in all that he did or wrote he went to the point, 
as straight as the straightest of Roman roads. 

Much more could I write ; if I have written too much, I hope 
that my readers will make allowances for the personal affection 
I feel for Dr Gifford. 

For many years we had not met, but we now and then 
exchanged letters, and I believe that my affection for him was 
not unreciprocated. As I have said, he cherished always his 
memories of Cambridge, and we must not grudge his long 
residence in Oxford, for to Oxford he was indebted for the 
happy home which, we cannot doubt, prolonged his life to what, 
in the truest sense of the words, was a '*good old age." His 
accuracy, powers of research, and of writing good old forcible 
English, have not passed away with him, for he leaves a daughter 
whose '• Proverzano the Proud " gives us reason to hope that 
even in these days it is possible to write an historical novel that 
may be unsensational, wholesome, and instructive, and yet not 

E. W. Bowling. 

Asked to add a page or two to what still earlier pupils of mj 
old Headmaster have written, I am carried back to a day some 
52 years ago when, at the age of eight and a half, I first 
stood at his desk in the Classical Department of the great 
school in New Street, Birmingham. BRIMICHAM, by the 
way, is the spelling on the School Seal ; but that is only one of 
the 140 known spellings of the name given by Dr J. A. Lang- 
ford {^Century of Birmingham Life, i, 502). The School was 
then in the hands of a body of co-opted Governors. A nomi- 
nation from one of these having been obtained for me, I had 
only to pass an easy entrance examination. An exercise in 
'numeration and notation' successfully accomplished, I was 

37^ Obituary. 

called np to the Headmaster's desk, and, in the kindest and 
most reassuring manner, asked to read a verse or two of Proverbs, 
The desk at which I then stood, and stood so often afterwards, 
figures among the illustrations in the recent biographies of his 
two most famous pupils (Edwards and Edwardians both), £. W. 
Benson, Archbishop of Canterbury, 1885 — 1896 {^Li/e, i, 44); 
and £. Burne-Jones, the painter {Mimorials, i, 49). In the 
latter work, moreover, a third old Edwardian of distinction. 
Canon Dixon, the Church historian, has given a minute descrip- 
tion of it (f).)- Behind the seat were the royal arms of the 
founder ; over it was a canopy which formed part of the front 
of a gallery adorned, like the wainscoting of our Hall, wilh the 
* linen-pattern.' The canopy bore in large old English letters 
the word i&apuiiita. The word greatly impressed me, especially 
as the similar canopy at the other end of the long school-room 
bore no such device. This overshadowed at that time an 
excellent scholar, Mr Sydney Gedgc, last in the First Class of 
the first Classical Tripos in 1824, nineteen years, therefore, 
senior to Mr Gifford, and who, like him, attained a good old 
age. Nor can that word, I think, have been without influence 
upon him who sat beneath it, recalling, as it must surely have 
done, the mi/is sapitntia of Horace, and the 'wisdom that is 
from above ' of St James. 

But to stand at that desk was the goal of one's school career. 
For some years, like my illustrious older school-fellow, Burne- 
Jones, I was in the Commercial School, which looked upon 
New Street. This, however, Mr Gifford visited pretty often. 
He came at the end of morning school to dismiss us. Occa- 
sionally he would come and take a class. He also came to 
introduce new boys to the masters whose classes they were to 
join. Sometimes he would bring in visitors of distinction, who 
generally asked and obtained for us a half-holiday. One of 
these, I remember, was Lord John Russell. But, whatever the 
occasion, when the Headmaster entered, the Babel which an old 
pup'l {Memoriali, i. 15) describes as prevailing in the 'Com- 
mercial ' or * English School ' (so Mr Gifford preferred to call it) 
died down to an almost absolute silence. Both schools met in 
the Classical Department before morning and after afternoon 
school for prayers, which were read by Mr Gifford. Jews, of 
whom there were many, did not attend prayers, but all others 
did. There was no religious difficulty in those days. 

Obituary. 379 

My old friend and school- fellow, Mr Justice Williams, of 
Christ*s College, late of Mauritius [^From /oumalist to Judge^ 
p. 6), speaks of ' the unlimited license to use the rod ' which 
every master then had. There was, in truth, too much caning, 
at least in the * Commercial.' The porter every now and then 
went round, a peculiar smile on his face, with a sort of sheaf of 
new canes for the masters to choose from. Mr Gilford's use of the 
cane was infrequent, so far as I remember; never excessive, 
never in temper. 

When some years later, I passed into the Classical School, 
the 'Domus Sapientiae' {Memorials, i, 35) in a more special 
sense, I was struck with the great difference between the two 
rooms. Though both were really of much the same size, the 
Classical School seemed more spacious ; its fittings were more 
ornate ; the Babel of the ' Commercial ' was exchanged for 
a low industrious hum ; a largior aether seemed to pervade the 

If I might try to describe in a single word the impression 
which Mr (from i860 Dr) Gifford's personality produced upon 
me, that word would be 'refinement.' I associate, too, with 
him the allied qualities of dignity, gentleness, calm. Mr Gifford 
was a little above the middle height, but somewhat slightly 
built ; the head not large, I think, but finely formed. He was 
clean-shaven ; in those days Mr G. F. Muntz, the senior 
Member, was about the only bearded man in Birmingham. 
Mr Gifford usually wore a frock-coat of broad cloth. His linen 
was spotless, his boots immaculate, and alone of the Masters, 
with one exception, he wore a silk gown in perfect condition. 
The one exception was Mr Edwin Arnold, afterwards Sir Edwin 
Arnold of The Daily Telegraph; but his was only a Bachelor's 
gown. The Headmaster of the Commercial School at this time 
was so careless in these matters, and so absent-minded, that his 
gown, an exceedingly ragged one, sometimes glided off his 
shoulders and he walked about without it. There was no lack 
of firmness in Mr Gifford when occasion required, and no 
respect of persons. Yet, when severe measures were called for» 
he produced on me the impression of one nerving himself for 
an unwelcome effort. On great occasions of this kind both 
Schools were convened to hear sentence delivered. I may be 
mistaken, but I do not think that Mr Gifford was by nature 
specially fitted for the rough work of school, or world or church. 

380 Obituary, 

His years of learned leisure at Oxford must have been, I think, 
among his happiest. Had the decision of the electors to the 
Norrisian Professorship in 1864 fallen out otherwise, Dr Gifford 
would, I think, have been ideally placed at Cambridge. By 
his learning and his personality he would have adorned any 
College at either University as its Head. 

Canon Dixon exactly describes Dr Giflford's voice as 
* beautifully modulated ' {Memorials of Bume- Jones, i, 48). The 
form and face, the delicate hands, the voice, the exquisite 
hand-writing at once clear and graceful, all contributed to the 
total impression which he made upon me. Refinement and 
a certain reserve often, I think, go together; and persons 
of that temperament often get credit for less warmth of heart 
and feeling than they really possess ; but Dr Gifford, I at once 
add, combined with the qualities just described those of kind- 
ness, fairness, and graciousness of manner. I never received or 
heard from him a harsh or inconsiderate word ; sarcasm he 
never indulged in. He did not weep before his class, as his 
predecessor Dr Prince Lee had at least once done {Life of Abp. 
Benson, i, 44), nor did his voice 'echo among the rafters,' like 
Dr Kennedy's {The Eagle, xv, 453). In teaching his own classes, 
the First and Second of the Classical School, though of course 
an exact scholar, he did not, when explaining an author, refine 
overmuch on minute points of scholarship. Genius and 
inspiration, he doubtless felt, do not always ' speak by the card.' 
At a luncheon to which on his appointment he was invited 
by his predecessor who had just been made Bishop of 
Manchester, and at which E. W. Benson, then one of the senior 
boys, was present, ' Mr Gifford unluckily said that he believed 
instances might be found in the Greek Testament of the present 
participle used for the perfect. The Bishop's countenance fell 
directly* {Life 0/ Abp, Benson, i, 53). Probably through Lee's 
pupil Weslcott this tendency to a meticulous precision has 
greatly marred the English of the Revised Version. A ben 
trffvato is recorded by Mr A. C. Benson of the late Bishop 
of Durham. Asked by an evangelist whether he was 'saved,' 
Westcott replied, * Do you mean trutdiiCf via^ofitvoc or tretrwtrfiiyo^ ' 
{ib, i, 38)? If actually made, the reply doubtless effected its 
probable intention, that of putting the questioner to flight. There 
is good evidence that Lee's teaching and personality roused 
enthusiasm in some of his pupils. Archbishop Benson declared, 

Obituary. 381 

• I owe everything I am or ever shall be to him ' (i'3. i, 39). But, 
strangely (we may believe, unjustly), Lee was unpopular in the 
town, nor was he a great success as a Bishop. For Dr Gifford 
I never heard anything but the utmost respect expressed. The 
people of Birmingham felt that in him the town possessed a fine 
scholar, a conscientious teacher, a kind and just man, and 
eminently a gentleman. In various public movements, too, his 
co-operation was sought and given. Thus, in 1853 ^^ ^o^^ ^^ 
active part in the foundation of the Midland Institute* (Langford's 
Modem Birmingham^ i, 162, 274) ; where, moreover, I remember 
his lecturing on Astronomy. At the first meeting of the 
National Association for the Promotion of Social Science held 
at Birmingham in 1857, he read a paper on the ' Statistics of the 
School* {lb, i, 443). Together with another well known 
Birmingham scholar and Headmaster, Dr Badham, he sat in 
i860 on the Free Libraries and Museums Committee {ib, i, 314)* 
In the days of Dr Gi (ford's Headmastership good classical 
schoolbooks were rare or expensive. The best class-teaching 
can hardly make up for this lack. In the lower classes, more- 
over, we were set down to Xenophon or Ceesar, or rather set 
down somewhere in the middle of those authors, without being 
told who they were or what their books were about. I seem to 
remember best his way of teaching composition. He often read 
out the passage to be translated. The tones, the rhythm, the 
cadence of his voice, albeit wholly unstudied, the exquisite 
handwriting of his corrections, his careful and often encouraging 
criticisms of our own work gave a special value to these lessons, 
especially, in my own case, in the matter of Latin Prose. 

On Sundays Dr GifFord used to attend St Martin's, the 
ancient parish church of Birmingham, where, with one or two of 
his older boarders, he sat in a high-backed pew lined with red 
cloth in the front of the north gallery. The conspicuousuess 
and spaciousness of the pew in that crowded church enhanced 
in a boy's eyes his Headmaster's dignity. On April 16 1852 
the tercentenary of the School was celebrated, and the boys 
(then numbering 465) attended a thanksgiving service in th^it 
Church at winch Dr Jeune, Lee's predecessor, then Master of 

* The ToundatioD stone of llie Institute was laid by Prince Albert in 1855. 
He described its object as * the introduction of science and ait as the uu* 
cousciuus rcgulalois uf pioduclive industry' (^</>, iii, 391^. 

38a Obiiuary* 

Pembroke College, Oxford, preached a sermon from Romans 
viii, 32. Besides the Masters, the boys and their friends many, 
local and other magnates were present. The spire had long 
been believed to be insecure, and the bells had not been rung 
for some time. On this joyous occasion, however, they had been 
vigorously * clammed.' During the service the Rector, Dr J. C. 
Miller, afterwards of Greenwich, was seen hurrying about the 
building evidently in some al^rm. Perhaps a new and threaten- 
ing crack had revealed itself. However, nothing happened and 
the boys left the Church in good order, to be regaled with cake 
and {hornsco re/erens) a glass of wine each. The bells were rung 
no more until, shortly afterwards, tower and spire were rebuilt. 
Among those on whom the tower in the Bull-ring did not that 
day fall was young Bume-Jones, then in his last year at school, 
whose stained windows are the glory of that other Birmingham 
church, the Georgian St Philip's, where stands for the present 
the throne of her first Bishop. 

We had in Dr Gifford's classes a Bible or Greek Testament 
lesson twice a week, besides which some of us attended a Greek 
Testament Class on Sunday afternoons. Dr Gifford's religious 
teaching was, I need not say, deeply reverent in tone ; it was 
also large and comprehensive in spirit. In a Confirmation Class 
I well remember his quoting a saying of (I think) pious Richard 
Baxter to the effect that, as he grew older, he came to rest more 
and more upon the simplest truths, such as are found in the 
Lord's Prayer. At a distribution of certificates won in the 
Local Examinations i860, the Chairman, a local incumbent, was 
so irrelevant and injudicious as to bewail Dr Temple's connexion 
with Essays and Reviews which had just appeared (Dr Temple 
had been active in the establishment of these examinations). 
Instantly George Dawson, the well-known preacher and lecturer, 
arose with vehement protests. Presently Dr Gifford was heard 
remarking that 'Mr Cockin had expressed his view, and 
Mr Dawson had expressed his. Might not the matter be 
suffered to drop, and the distribution of certificates proceeded 

In 1862 Dr Gifford's health broke down, and after a Head- 
mastership of fourteen years he left Birmingham. He was 
presented with a portrait and a collection of books, which he 
gracefully and feelingly acknowledged. Recovering more 
speedily, I think, than had been anticipated he became Select 

Obituary, 383 

Preacher at Cambridge in 1 864, and in the same year a candidate 
for the Norrisian Profcrssorship. In 1865 Dr Jeune, who had 
now become fiishop of Peterborough (1864.- 1868), made him 
his examining chaplain, and in 1866 presented him to the 
Rectory of Walgrave, Northants. In 1869 Dr Jackson, fiishop 
of London 1869- 1885, appointed him his examining chaplain, 
and in 1875 he became Rector of Much Hadham, which was in 
the gift of Dr Jackson, and which he held till 1886. If any one 
should think that a scholar like Dr Gifford must have been out of 
place in a country living, let him ponder the words of Benjamin 
Jowett : 

'Near to the Church is the house of the clergyman, 
generally small and unpretending, yet bearing even in its 
outward aspect the stamp of some refinement and education. • . . 
The clergyman's life is the standard and example of good 
manners as well as morals to the inhabitants of the district. 
More or less, as a fact, he does care for the welfare of his 
neighbours : the oppressed can go to him with their tale ; the 
friendless can claim his aid, and often be set in the way of 
making an honest livelihood. In the country he is the poor 
squire or gentleman, who shows how a house may be refined 
without luxury; how on slender means a family may be 
educated and brought up (not without effort) in their own 
condition of life.* i^StUct Passages, pp. 188-9) 

One incident from this part of Dr Gifford's life deserves 
mention here. On May 12 1869 our New Chapel was opened, 
and one of the most important gatherings in the history of the 
College took place. Let Mr Mullinger (after Professor Mayor) 
tell the story (I abridge somewhat) : 

'The Bishop of Lichfield preached the sermon. In his 
discourse he made reference by allusions which could not be 
misunderstood to the absent prelate (Bishop Colenso): 'he 
went out from us,' he said, ' but he is not of us. One thing still 
remains : we can at any rate pray for him I ' 

Dr Bateson felt he must do something. 'So, on proposing 
prosperity to the College, he spoke of the many who had come 
from afar, to share in our joy. 'And others there are, who, 
though unable to be present in body, are present with us in 
spirit — not the least the illustrious prelate, whom the preacher 
specially commended to our prayers.' Dr Garrett saw a grave 
doctor of divinity hammer on his plate with his spoon, till he 

384 Obituary. 

thought the plate would break.* The grave doctor of divinity 
was Dr Gifford. {^Si John's College in College Histories, p. 286). 

In 1885 ^^ Gifford's old pupil, £. W. Benson, was raised from 
Truro to the Primacy. Old Edwardians 'gave a dinner to 
their unworthy schoolfellow the Archbishop,' as he hinaself puts 
it. The dinner was at Willis's rooms on May 10 1883. Bishop 
Lightfoot presided ; the new Archbishop sat on his right, and 
*Dr Gifford on his left. The scene is described in Mr A. C. 
Benson's Life of his father (ii, 9). Dr Gifford, I think, spoke ; 
and so did his old colleague, Mr Sydney Gedge. The Archbishop 
described this gathering as 'a resurrection.' So. many long 
parted now met once more* 

From schoolmaster and parish priest, however, Dr Gifford 
was to become a dignitary of the Church. In 1883 he became 
a Prebendary, and in 1884 Canon of St Paul's and Archdeacon 
of London. Beneath the great dome the ' beautifully modulated 
voice* was distinctly heard; and on one memorable occasion 
was heard by a remarkable audience. Early in 1 887 the London 
Socialists announced their intention of visiting St Paul's. The 
visit was paid on February 27. All was prepared for them. 
Seats were reserved and stewards with wands distributed 
papers on which were printed the prayers and hymns to be 
used. The Dean conducted an ' overflow service ' on the steps 
of the Cathedral. Within, Dr Gifford was the preacher. His 
text was Proverbs, xxii, 2 : ' Rich and poor meet together : the 
Lord is the maker of them all.' 'As he gave it out,' writes an 
informant who was present, ' there was a sort of snarl from the 
congregation ; and he just raised his hand and repeated it. 
They interrupted him frequently, but he won through to the 

The Times of February 28 has a column and a half about 
*The Socialists at St Paul's,' besides a leading article. The 
sermon is given pretty fully. The various ways in which 'rich 
and poor meet together,' in life and death, are touched upDn 
with power and pathos. The preacher by no means truckled to 
his audience, and cries of 'no no' with 'hisses and uproar' 
punctuated some of his sentences. But the sermon was marked 

* It is not quite clear from the Life that the Archbishop was ever a pupil 
of Dr Gifford's. In answer to my enquiry Mr A. C. Benson kindly writes : 
• Yes, my father was certainly for a lime under Dr Giflford at Birmingham, I 
think a year.* 

Obituary. 385 

throughout by the utmost tact. ' With whatever thoughts and 
feelings they had come there,' he concluded, * he asked them 
to come again to pray with them as often as they could, and 
they would always be welcome.' The effect of Dr Gifford's 
address, though less immediate and complete, yet recalls that 
described by Virgil on a somewhat similar occasion : 

' tum pietate gravem ac meritis si forte virum quern 
conspexere silent, arrectisque auribus astant ; 
ille regit dictis animos et pectora mulcet.' 

The invitation to 'come again' was received with cries of 
' hear, hear ' and ' next Sunday ' ; but the Socialists did not 
repeat their visit. 

The kind informant quoted just now, who from an early age 
was closely connected with St PauFs and who knew Dr Giffbrd 
there well, writes : ' He was not very happy in London, and did 
not care for the work, though he loved the Cathedral. Dr 
Giffbrd's most gracious courtesy to every one, young and old, 
was a very beautiful and distinguishing feature. Every one had 
a claim, he seemed to think, to be really considered individually, 
and when you are very young this attitude in a great scholar 
excites your affectionate admiration.' 

Whether from any distaste for the work, or perhaps rather 
because, as Professor Mayor suggests. Bishop Temple (1885— • 
1 896) sought to put more upon him than was ' nominated in the 
bond,' in 1889 Dr Gifford gave up his examining chaplaincy, 
his canonry and archdeaconry, and henceforth till his death 
enjoyed a life of well-earned bat active and fruitful leisure at 
Oxford. Dr Gifford was twice married, the second time to the 
daughter of his predecessor and friend, Dr Jeune, Bishop of 
Peterborough (1864 — 1868). Professor Mayor, who visited Di 
Gifford at Oxford, has often spoken to me of the ' happy house- 
hold clime' he had 'built' about him there. With such a 
home, with congenial society and pursuits,* the evening of his 
days must have been indeed tranquil and happy. 

Dr Gifford did not 'commence author' till after he left 
Birmingham. In a list dated 1905 nine works from his pen are 
mentioned. This is not the place to seek to estimate his 

* To the evidence furnished by Dr Sanday's reference may bt added the 
fact, which I owe to the courtesy of the Rev W. Lock, that ' he was till the 
end of his life a coopted member of the Board of Theological Studies.' 

386 Obiiuary. 

contributions to theologtcal literature. Two points only may fitly 
be mentioned here. Some of these writings are of a contro- 
versial character; bat fairness of statement and the courtesy 
due to an opponent are never forgotten. The other point is the 
scholarly thoroughness of Dr Giffbrd's work. His Commentary 
on the Romans appeared in 1881, while Dr Gifford was still a 
country clergyman. If any one is qualified to express an opinion 
on that work it is Dr Sanday, who has himself gone over the same 
ground and has, with Mr A. C. Headlam, published perhaps the 
fullest, and in many respects ablest, commentary on that Epistle 
(2nd £d. 1896). Speaking of Dr Gifford's work published 15 
years earlier he writes: 'Our obligations to this commentary 
are probably higher than to any other* (p. 108). On the 
difficult questions as to the integrity of the Epistle suggested 
by the names in chap, xvi, etc. he says : ' We ourselves incline 
to an opinion suggested first, we believe, by Dr Gifford ' (1). xcvi), 
f .^. in preference to the views put forward by such scholars as 
Ewald, Renan, Lightfoot, and Hort. On that ' most important 
and most disputed question of punctuation in all literature,' as 
it has been called, — the interpretation of Romans ix 5, — after 
canvassing the views of various continental, American and 
English scholars (including Dr Kennedy), Professor Sanday 
remarks : ' The paper of Dr Gifford seems to us, on the whole, 
to show most exegetical power' (i3. p. 233). 

What is perhaps Dr Gifford's opus magfium, his edition of the 
Praparaiio Evangelica of Eusebius, is the fruit of his Oxford 
leisure. Dr Gifford's power of work was still considerable, and 
his eyesight was declared by his medical attendant to be the 
best he had ever known in a man of his age. With these 
advantages, with leisure, and with the help in the collection of 
MSB. of such scholars as H. A. Redpath and H. N. Bate, a 
help most fully acknowledged in the Preface (ii), he was able 
to bring out in 1903 the work of which so good a judge as 
Schiirer writes: 'In den weitesten Kreisen wird diese neue 
Ausgabe von Eusebius' P.E. mit Freuden begriisst werden. 
Sind doch, wegen der Fiille der Excerpten aus alten Schrift- 
stellern welche sie bietet, die Philologen dabei eben so inte- 
ressiit wie die Theologen.' An English translation, the first 
(as the title-page informs us) ever made, is added. 

Passing over various articles in The Expositor and Classical 
Review^ we note that in his tenth book (1905) Dr Gifford returned 

Obituary. 387 

to his first love, classical literature. In the Euthydemus of 
Plato, edited for the Clarendon Press, we have his first and only 
edition of a Greek author * intended for the use of University 
students and the Higher Forms of Public Schools.' One joys 
to find the grave divine unbending in his old age to edit an 
'amusing dialogue, full of satirical humour and even broad 
comedy' {Preface). The Introduction and notes are full and 
excellent. O that there had been such school-books in my 
school-days ! The book is dedicated to the Master and Fellows 
of St John's College. By the kindness of the Master one of 
twelve copies of this book, which were sent ' with the Editor's 
compliments' for distribution here, came into my hands. I 
took the little book with me when I went down for the Easter 
vacation. Reading the dialogue through again, this time with 
my old teacher's help, I seemed to stand once more at his desk 
in ' the House of Wisdom ' and to hear again the familiar voice. 

W. A. C. 

Extract from Dr Sanday's Sermon at Christ Church, Oxford, 
on Sunday, May 7th. 

Before I begin my sermon, it is right that I should pay a 
few words of tribute to the memory of the eminent scholar who 
was laid to his rest on Tuesday last, after the peaceful, if some- 
what sudden and unexpected, close of a long and useful and 
honoured life. Dr Gifibrd was a Cambridge man, a Senior 
Classic and Wrangler, but he was connected with a distinguished 
Oxford family by marriage, and for a number of years he had 
been settled among us. His genial and kindly nature made 
him many friends, and his friendship was highly valued. He 
had done good work in the Church, first as head master of the 
school which just before his time had sent out three of the 
greatest bishops of the last century, one of whom became 
Archbishop, and afterwards in country parishes, and at 
St Paul's, as Archdeacon of London. 

But in this place it is most appropriate that I should speak 
of him as a scholar. With him leisure never meant idleness. 
All his life long he was at work, and he has left behind him 
books of acknowledged and deserved reputation : an excellent 
commentary on the Epistle to the Romans, a close and 

388 Obiiuary. 

searching study of an important passage in the Epistle to the 
Philippians, and, besides other exegetical and patristic work, an 
ample edition, with text, translation, and commentary, of the 
Praeparaiio Evangelica of Eusebius. 

Dr Gifford belonged to the older type of English scholar. 
He was one of the generation which produced Kennedy, and 
Munro, and T. S. Evans, and Field, and Westcott, and Light- 
foot, and Hort, and the two Mayors ; and which here in Oxford 
also produced Conington, and Riddell, and Palmer, and Liddell, 
and Scott, and Freeman, and Stubbs, and Bright. The 
enumeration of these names is enough to remind us of the 
high example that has been set by those who have gone before. 
There is a common] quality running through all the work that 
we associate with them. It was not showy —at least it was never 
done for the sake of show ; it did not aim at brilliance. But 
it was always strong, and thorough, and sound, and sober, and 
accurate. In those respects it was really great work. And you 
will observe that the qualities of which I have spoken were not 
only characteristic of English scholars, but of Englishmen, as 
we have been accustomed to think of them. If the range of 
subject has been not exactly wide, if it has not been marked by 
the audacity and enterprise of the pioneer, it has yet within its 
range been very genuine work, and very capable, and solid, and 
trustworthy. It is work upon which we may look back with 
deep reverence for its thoroughness, and for the complete 
absence in connection with it of anything like self-advertise- 
ment. Its motto was esse quam videri. It was just good work 
for the sake of good work, and nothing beyond. In these days, 
when not only the ideals and methods of our scholarship, but 
also in some ways the national character itself, appear to be 
undergoing a certain measure of change — I do not say 
necessarily and on the whole for the worse — it is well to 
remind ourselves of these excellences, and of the high standard 
that they set before us. 

Obituary. 389 

Rev Joseph Mekriman D.D. 

Headmaster of CranUigh School 1866- 1892; Rector of 
Freshwater LW, 1892-1905; Died January 27, 1905. 

Joseph Merriman entered St John's College, Cambridge, in 
the Michaelmas Term of 1856. He graduated in i860 as fifth 
wrangler, and was elected to a Fellowship in the following year. 
In 1862 he was ordained, and accepted a mastership at 
Bradfield College, where he remained until 1865. He was then 
selected from a field of nine candidates, four of whom were 
fellows of Colleges, to be the first headmaster of Cranleigh 
School, or as it was at first entitled the '' Surrey County " School. 
The School had been founded by public subscription, but its 
creation was mainly the work of the Right Hon. George 
Cubitt, M.P. for West Surrey, and now Lord Ashcombe, and the 
Rector of Cranleigh (then spelt Cranley) now the Ven J. H. 
Sapte, Archdeacon of Surrey. The foundation stone had been 
laid in 1863 by Dr Longley, Archbishop of Canterbury, and in 
October 1865 the building was considered sufficiently advanced 
to justify its being opened to receive pupils. 

" Never," writes Mr Storr in his life of R. H. Quick, who was 
one of the Headmaster's first colleagues, " did a great school 
begin with less promising auspices, and it was only the 
extraordinary business capacity of its first Headmaster that 
prevented a fiasco." What some of those difficulties were may 
be gathered from a short account contributed to the School 
Magazine by Mr Quick himself. "In 1865," he says, ''there 
was no conveyance of any kind which visited Cranleigh except a 
carrier's wagon ; so everyone who wished to see the School had 
to walk 16 miles" (f.«., from Guildford, the nearest town, and 
back) *' or to spend as many shillings on a fly. In the summer of 
that year I first made my way to the remote spot, and went to 
look at the buildings. On approaching them I saw a hole dug 
near the gate. On asking the object of it I was told that this 
was for the water supply ! It was thought that the surface water 
would collect in this hole, and might then be pumped up to the 
School. In wet weather the supply would be ample. When 
I went up to the building I naturally enquired for the Masters^ 
rooms, an interesting portion of the edifice to me as I had been 
appointed second master. I was informed, however, that there 
were no Masters' rooms. There would be a common room found 

3-90 Obituary. 

fmruohere^ and some special arrangements would be made for 
Masters in the dormitories— curtains or something of that kind! 
How either Masters or boys could be received in that building 
for many months to come was not obvious. However, the 
Headmaster's house was more forward, and he at last took in all 
who could not be provided for in the School buildings, viz. : half 
the staff of Assistant Masters (myself), and all the School 
servants. The other half (Mr Poore) was a married man, and 
lived away from the School. 

The autumn of 1865 proved remarkably hot, and this dried the 
building and enabled us to sleep in the Headmaster's house by 
the end of August. Mr Merriman and I were the first 
inhabitants. We slept there before any servants arrived, and 
our life for a bit was a kind of campaigning. The railway ought 
to have been opened long before the 29th September, but it was 
not ; and on October 4th term began, and our boys came over, 
some in flys, and a great batch in a cart from Guildford. I think 

about 20 boys came the first day we started with under 30 

boys, 22 of whom were boarders." 

These details are only a sample of the difficulties which beset 
the opening of Cranleigh School, and which only an exception- 
ally strong and able man could have surmounted. Merriman 
did more : he not only made the School a prompt and 
phenomenal success on the lines which had been marked out for 
it, but during his twenty-seven years of office he lifted it out of 
the rut of lower middle class education in which it had started, 
and bequeathed to his successors a first grade Public School 
worthy to stand side by side with the oldest and most honoured 
foundations of the country. 

The value of his work, it is only fair to add, was speedily 
recognized, and substantial aid was not long iu forthcoming to 
complete and extend the original designs. In 1868 Cranleigh 
had won most favourable mention in the report of the Schools 
Inquiry Commission. 

Generous donors — Mr Cubitt, Mr D. D. Heath, Sir Henry 
Peck, and others — provided Chapel, Gymnasium, Science rooms. 
Sanatorium, and other necessary equipment. A preparatory 
house was started, and is a most valuable "feeder" to the 
School. Water and Gas Companies were formed — in each case 
with the Headmaster as chairman — to supply School and village. 
In 1 88 1 the Headmaster was invited by many old Cranltrighans 

Ohiluary. 30^ 

to proceed to the degree of D.D. if he would atlow them to 
subscribe the necessary fees. This was done and ** the Doctor *' 
as he was thenceforth known to all friends and Cranleighans 
past and present was admitted to the degree on November ioth« 

In the spring of 1892 Dr Merriman left Cranleigh for 
Freshwater, to which living he was presented by his old 
College. Before he left he had created a special bond of union 
between St John's and Cranleigh in the active sympathy which 
he had inspired in the School with the Lady Margaret Mission. 
It had begun with an annual offertory in the School Chapel and 
an annual visit of the <' Walwi ** juveniles to Cranleigh for a 
happy day in the country. 

The connexion has been still further strengthened in later 
years, and it is the writer's earnest hope that the good seed sown 
by the first Headmaster of Cranleigh may ever grow year by 
year into more abundant harvest, and that while St John's 
College and Cranleigh School shall live, they may ever be linked 
together in the noble work in which Joseph Merriman first 
united them. 

Some of his parting words on leaving Cranleigh after twenty«> 
seven years of arduous labour were to the effect that he was 
retiring to a position of " more repose and less responsibility." 
It may be doubted whether he found it so ; still more may it be 
questioned whether he would have been happy if he had. For 
Joseph Merriman was not one of those to whom rest and free* 
dom from responsible power would ever be welcome. And he 
found much to do at Freshwater which was congenial to him and 
for which — though School work and pastoral work are generally 
considered far apart— his experience at Cranleigh was most 
helpful. His educational interest and his administrative powers 
were still needed, and actively exercised not only in the 
parochial Schools, but also on the Council of the Isle of Wight 
College. He still remained a governor of St Catharine's 
School for Girls, which had been founded, largely by his advice, 
at Bramley, as a sister school to that at Cranleigh. His duties 
as Chaplain to the Fort in the west of the Island were especially 
dear to him ; he was Secretary to ihe Tennyson Memorial 
Committee ; he restored the peal of bells in Freshwater Church, 
and greatly improved the Church itself; and everything that 
concerned the public welfare of his parish had the benefit of all 
his ripe judgment and sound common sense. And I once heard 

39^ Obituary. 

one of his parishioners say to him after some diiTerences of 
opinion had been discnssed, ^' Doctor, you are the peacemaker 
of the parish " — words which I think pleased him more than all 
the eulogies of his strength and business abilities, which at all 
4imes were plentifully bestowed. 

The lovable side of his character came out most conspicuously 
at the annual gatherings that were so dear to him— the Old 
Cranleighan Dinners. I think it was the greatest happiness of 
his life to meet year by year on these occasions the old friends- 
boys and masters— "knd to renew the familiar scenes of bygone 
years. His memory for names and faces was wonderful — and 
not less so for incidents, mostly humorous ones — connected 
therewith. His influence over all who had been under him was 
deep and permanent — there is many an O.C. who would tell yoii 
that the turning point in his life was some pithy sentence 
addressed to him by his old " Head./' and not once nor twice 
has a boy or man been kept from doing the wrong thing by the 
thought, *• What would * Joe' say ? " 

The last O.C. Dinner was held in London on January i6ih, 
when he made one of his happiest and most vigorous speeches : 
showing as he always did his keen and unabated interest in all 
that concerned the School. His cheerfulness and his '< cruda 
viridisque senectus *' were the subject of happy comment among 
all who saw him : and the shock was the more severe to us all 
when the news came by telegram on January the iSth that after 
a few hours' illness he had passed away on the previous evening. 
The present Headmaster spoke a few words to the School at the 
evening service in Chapel. He said " A great loss has fallen on 
the School — a loss which perhaps some of you as yet can hardly 
understand, as it concerns a part of the School's history in 
which you personally had no share. Most of you of course 
knew Dr Merriman by name ; all of you know his portrait which 
hangs over the door in the School Dining Hall. But only those 
who knew him personally, who laboured with him here, and who 
have had the privilege of his friendship and helpful advice as 
I have had for thirteen years, can understand what his loss 
means to our great society of Cranleigh past and present. You 
will understand later all that he did for the School : how ho 
watched over its growth for twenty-seven years from its first 
foundation; how he loved the School with an exceeding great love* 
* Since for bis part, he built his heait 
In the courses of her walls.' 

Obituary. 393 

And now his work is done ; he has died in harness, as I know 
he would have longed and prayed that he might die. It must 
have been nearly at the time that we were singing at our even- . 
ing service the verse of the cxxvii Psalm, • So He giveth His 
beloved sleep,' that he passed from this life into the larger life 
that lies beyond. Twenty-seveii years of strenuous toil in 
Cranleigh School ; thirteen years of faithful shepherding in a 
large parish: — Surely, if ever any man, he, 'The Doctor,' as his 
old boys loved to call him, might claim for himself the words of 
the great Apostle whom we commemorated last Wednesday, 
' I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have 
kept the faith/ 

May you and I my boys in somie degree according to our 
powers, when our time comes be able to show in the light of his 
great example a record of duty well and truly done. Let us pray 
so to live our life that we may die the death of the righteous, 
and that our last end may be like his.' " 

The funeral took place on Tuesday, January 31st, at 
Freshwater. He was laid to rest by the side of his wife, whose 
death had occurred almost on the same day eleven years before. 
The service was taken by Canon Clement Smith, M.V.O., by the 
Rev H. Crawford, Bursar of Cranleigh School, and the Rev T. 
Layng, Headmaster of Abingdon School, both of whom had 
been colleagues of Dr Merriman at Cranleigh. Many wreaths 
and crosses were laid on the cofiin; among them were a 
** Cranleigh Cross" from the Old Cranleighans Society; others 
from the Headmaster, the Assistant Masters and the boys of 
Cranleigh School. 

I have been asked to write something of the late Dr Merriman 
as I remember him at Cranleigh, and I am glad of the oppor- 
tunity of doing so, for none of the notices which I have read 
seem to me to have done full justice to his real greatness. 
I knew him with something more perhaps of intimacy than is 
usual even between Master and boy ; the year of his death was 
the first since I left school, fifteen years ago, when I did not stay 
with him at Cranleigh or at Freshwater, and he came to see me 
often at Cambridge, London, and Leeds. And both at school 
and since he always seemed to me to deserve, more perhaps 
than any other man I have known, the epithet of • great.' Yet 

394 Obituary. 

it is difficult to put ones finger on any one quality or char- 
acteristic and say, 'Here he excelled all other men I have 
known/ There was of course his immense and extraordinary 
powers of work. At school it seemed natural to us that the 
Doctor should be in everything and behind everything. But as 
one grew older one realized more and more the extraordinary 
nature of his work at Cranleigh, where he did, year in and year 
out, a man's work in half-a-dozen different spheres. Some men 
have to do everything that is to be done because they have no 
power of making other men work. It was not so with the 
Doctor ; no man ever had more power of inspiring loyalty and 
enthusiasm, or of drawing out the best that was in each person 
he worked with. The last time I saw him he told me that in all 
the years he was at Cranleigh he never parted with an Assistant 
Master in anger, nor was there one with whom he was not still 
on friendly terms. No ; if the Doctor kept his hand on every 
rein at Cranleigh it was, I believe, because he recognised that 
while any great institution is in the making it must be the work 
of a single mind. When it is fully grown — and he lefl Cranleigh 
fully grown, a great public School — the time for specializing has 
come, but while it is in the making there must be ' one only 
begetter ' of it if it is to be a consistent whole. And I know 
from many talks I had with him after he lefl and went to 
Freshwater, that from the first moment of his going to Cranleigh 
he had a clear idea of what he wanted the school to be, and from 
this idea he never departed a hair*s breadth. 

But of course it was not this which impressed the boys. His 
far-seeing ideals were hidden from us, his immense activity we 
scarcely recognised ; it was as I have said, no more than natural 
^hat the Doctor should be in everything that was going on. 
I think the thing which impressed us most was the conviction 
that nothing was hid from him; that he knew each boy 
individually and could not be deceived. In this he was helped 
by his remarkable memory for faces, and his power of reading 
character. Of these powers I will give two illustrations. A lady 
brought her eldest boy to school, had a short ten minutes' 
interview with the Doctor, and left the boy — who was about ten 
years old — in the preparatory house. Three years after she came 
to the Speech Day. There were hundreds of other visitors, she 
was by herself, the boy not being with her, and there was 
absolutely nothing to indicate who she was, yet the Doctor, w-ho 

Obituary. 395 

had seen her once for a few minates three years before, walked 

up to her and said, •* By the bye Mrs , I want a few words 

with yoa about your boy Richard. He is doing very badly." 
He remembered her, knew her boy's Christian name, and knew 
how the boy himself, one out of three hundred and forty, and 
low down in the school, was doing. And it was always the same. 
A boy might leave as a lower school boy, under sized, and 
undistinguished, and return ten years after from Central Africa, 
a bearded and burly giant, but the Doctor would greet him by 
name and remind him, with embarassing directness, of some 
incident of his career which he had hoped was forgotten. 

But his knowledge of character was even more surprising. 
A small boy who was committed to my care had got in with a 
distinctly bad set. One Sunday he told me he meant breaking 
with them and making a fresh start. He did so, but within the 
same week, before his good intentions had had time to show any 
fruit the whole gang were up before the Doctor for a serious 
breach of school regulations. The doctor punished most of 
them with quite unusual severity, but curtly dismissed my young 
friend with a warning. I ventured to ask him for the reason, 
and he replied, " The boy had his good face on ; he means to do 
better." I am confident if there had been any other reason, if 
for instance the Doctor had had any private information, he 
would either have told me, or invited me to mind my own 
business. No, it was just a case of his truly marvellous power of 
looking into people's minds. 

But this knowledge of character, though it did make boys fear 
him, could not, in the nature of things, make them love him. 
Yet he was loved, really and truly, especially by the elder boys 
and those who knew him well. And the secret of this was, 
I think, his absolute truth and rectitude* Boys might not be 
able to give a name to it, but they recognized his perfect 
straightness. He was never little, never mean, never in a bad 
sense, clever. He could be hard, stern, at times exceedingly so, 
but I never knew him score off a boy. Fellows used to say that 
you always knew where you were with the Doctor. 

And this straightness was a part of his whole character. 
I never knew a man whose character deserved the epithet sane 
more than his. He seemed incapable of taking one-sided, 
prejudiced, narrow views of any subject, incapable of not seeing 
and allowing for any elements of good in what he opposed, or of 

396 Obituary. 

evil in what he supported, while he never shewed any of that 
vacilation and lack of purpose which sometimes goes with 
broadmindedness. Perhaps, though it will lead me into rather 
personal matters, I may give an example of this sanity of mind. 
When I was at school, and afterwards at Cambridge, I used to 
air, at debates, a sort of vague socialism, three parts optimism 
and one part ignorance. The Doctor never missed an oppor- 
tunity of chaffing me on these views, prophesying that they 
would never stand the test of experience. A year in the Old 
Kent Road more than justified his prophecy, and during my first 
summer holidays after ordination while staying at Freshwater, 
I was talking to him one day in a most pessimistic mood. 
Suddenly he interrupted me, saying — and I remember what he 
said almost word for word — "Come boy, when you were at 
school I was always telling you that men and the world were not 
as perfect as you thought. Have we got to change places? 
Must an old man like me tell you that men are much better 
fellows, and this world a much better place, than you think? 
I look back over a long life, and see much that I regretted at the 
time, much I dont approve of now, yet I cannot think of any 
department of life where there has not been improvement, nor 
where there is not much to thank God for." And I think that 
gives a true picture of the man, and the true reason why those 
who knew him loved him. Look where he would, though he 
saw all the evil, he still. saw all the good, much to rejoice in and 
to thank God for. And all who knew him rejoice that his end 
was one of peace, and that he died as he had lived, working, 
strong, and calm to the end, and that he was spared even the 
appearance of weakness. 

Rkv William Allbn Whitworth M.A. 

The Rev William Allen Whitworth, formerly Fellow of the 
College, died 12 March 1905, aged 65. The following para- 
graphs are a tribute of esteem and admiration, but not an 
adequate tribute, still less a worthy memorial. 

William Allen Whitworth commenced residence at St John's 
in October 1858, and took his degree in January 1862. The 
year was remarkable, both in Classics and mathematics, for the 
number of exceptionally able men whom it produced. Of the 

Oiiiuary.' 397 

Classical Tripos, men said that even the seventh tnight have 
been senior in an average year. The senior in that year was 
Jebb, the second Graves. Though the first Wranglers did not 
become so famous in their mathematical world, yet among them 
were men of extreme original ability. The year gave us our 
Master, and an additional mark of merit is seen in Whitworth, 
only 16th Wrangler, yet deemed worthy of a Fellowship at 
St John's. 

The authorities of tbe College, ever independent of con- 
ventional standards, probably recognised his original mathe- 
matical ability. Probably, as often, his impetuous and creative 
mind had refused to submit entirely to the conventional training 
for the Tripos. Possibly also he had devoted lime, energy, and 
thought to objects less beneficial to himself. The writer thinks 
he remembers a report that Whit worth did much for the infant 
years of this Eagle: and certainly he was, if not a founder, at a 
very early date leading editor of a new mathematical periodical, 
The Messenger of Mathemaiics — a revolt against the somewhat 
high-dry investigations favoured by the aristocratic journal of 
the time. The then modern methods of Analytical Geometry 
called Trilinear Coordinates especially fascinated him. He 
contributed articles on them to the Messenger^ which he after- 
wards incorporated into a volume of some size, under the two 
titles ol Modem Analytical Geometry (on the cover) and Trilinear 
Coordinates (on the title-page). This dealt also with Anhar- 
monic Ratios, Polar Reciprocals, and other then fashionable 
objects of devotion. Perhaps, however, a better index of his 
power is given by an unpretending little volume. Choice and 
Chance, In this he expounds the formulae of Permutations and 
the Principles of Probability. His lucidity and simpleness of 
exposition, the directness aud obviousness of his proofs, belong 
to a mathematical perception of a very high order. Another 
publication, curious and valuable but not much known, is 
The Churchman^ s Almanack for Eight Centuries, In this he 
brings like simplicity and directness into the bewildering rules 
for finding Easter, and gives tables of all possible arrangements 
of Sundays and chief days in years, with indexes for referring 
any year to its table. 

After his degree he went first to Liverpool, taught as Pro- 
fessor of Mathematics in Queen's College, and was ordained. 
He worked first as curate of St Anne's, Birkenhead, and St 

398 Obituary. 

Luke's, Liverpool, then as incumbent of Christ Church. He 
made the friendship of £. H. McNeil, then a leading man 
among the Liverpool clergy, of views dififerent from those which 
Whitwoith ultimately adopted, but of like sincerity and in* 
dependence. The two joined in a refusal to bow before 
majorities, or to oppress holders of unpopular opinions; the 
resolution of the two was successful. 

He became somewhat prominently connected with Parochial 
Missions, and this perhaps brought about his transference from 
Liverpool to London. In 1875 he was made incumbent of 
St John's, Hammersmith, and in 1886 was appointed to the then 
celebrated Church of All Saints', Margaret Street The writer, 
once enquiring into a school-master's character, accidentally 
learned something of his individual attention to the choristers of 
that Church. He published various sermons and small 
pamphlets, also a larger volume, 'Worship in the Christian 
Church,' which reveals considerable patristic reading, as well 
as the same clearness of thought that marks his mathematical 
work. In 1885 ^^ College gave him Aberdaron, a Rectory in 
Wales, a sinecure with no Church and no people, but a small 
income. Whitworth was not a man to regard even a small 
sinecure as income without responsibility. It is believed that 
half the income he handed over to an adjacent Welsh parish. 
Ihe remainder he perhaps would have said he kept for himself: 
others would consider that he kept it, for himself to spend on 
other Church purposes. 

His work in London has been chronicled or commented on 
in Church newspapers. None that I have seen so much as 
notices that fruit of his work which our College best knows. 
All we elder members of the College look on our College 
Mission in South London as the result of his sermon in our 
College Chapel. It is said that the aged Canon Griffin, vicar 
of Ospringe, came from his country parish in Kent to preach 
for his fellow-Johnian and fellow-Mathematician. He saw the 
many necessary organizations, the incessant fresh problems, the 
constant strain of arduous and anxious work in a crowded 
London district. As the older and younger ex-Fellows of St 
John's discussed these things together, somehow the suggestion 
arose that the College might in some way help. Once there 
had been ' College Preachers ' : they and their object had been 
abandoned ; yet now if St John's could send a representative 

Obiiuary. 395 

man, and would back Him up, what might fiot be accomplished ^ 
Soon after came an invitatioti to preach in the College Chapel. 
He expanded the idea into his sermon. With the vehemence 
of his impetuous nature he pleaded the cause of rapidly growing 
town suburbs. He spoke with th^ authority of extensive 
personal knowledge, and of experience in existing labours. 
He appealed to the College of St John to become a source of 
light and life in some dark dead area. Perhaps the fuel lay 
ready: certainly his words kindled a fire: may the College 
Mission to Walworth long continue a burning and a shining 
light, for the College which maintains it even more than for the 
district which it serves. 

Rev Charlbs John Francis Yulb B.A. 

Mr Yule, who died at Eynsham, in Oxfordshire, on the loth 
of February last, had a somewhat unusual career. The youngest 
son of Mr Henry Braddick Yule, R.N., he was born at East 
Stonehouse, in Devonshire, to March 1848. He matriculated 
at Oxford, from Balliol College, 27 January 1868. Examination 
difficulties there led to his migrating to Cambridge ; he entered 
St John's 19 May 1869. lie became a Foundation Scholar of 
the College in June 1872, and took his degree in that year in 
the Natural Sciences Tripos. 

During his undergraduate life he occupied the set of rooms 
officially known as D71 in the New Court. These he decorated 
with his own hand with some spirited drawings which probably 
still exist. A barge, drawn with a perspective only allowed to 
amateurs used to be the subject of much humourous comment 
from Yule*s friends. 

After graduating at Cambridge he returned to Oxford, and 
was elected a Fellow of Magdalen College there. The following 
notice of Mr Yule appeared in The Oxford Magazine for 
15 February 1905. 

Mr Charles John Francis Yule, who has jttst passed away af 
a comparatxviely 6arly age, was a man of no ordinary type, and 
if his career was not remarkable it was varied and interesting. 
The son of a Captain in the Navy who came to reside in North 
Oxford when North Oxford was just beginning to grow up, just 
about forty years ago, he was sent as a day-boy to Magdalen 

400 Obituary. 

College School, then very flourishing and successful under tbe 
late Dr R. H. Hill. The Brackenbury Scholarships for Natural 
Science at Balliol had been recently founded, and Yule was 
elected to one of them in 1869, and entered that College. But 
compulsory Greek proved too much for liim, and after repeated 
failures in Responsions he migrated to St John's College, 
Cambridge, where he was elected to a Foundation Scholarship 
and took a First Cla»s in the Natural Science Tripos in 1872. 
In those days the Magdalen Foundation was open to Cambridge 
men, and a year later Yule was elected, after a brilliant ex* 
amination, to a Fellowship. He became Tutor about the same 
time, and held the office till 1884, being also for some time a 
master at his old school. At Cambridge Sir Michael Foster 
had pronounced him one of the most brilliant pupils he ever 
had. He had been striving too with a brilliant generation — men 
like Garrod and Gaskell, and Dew-Smith and Francis Balfour 
and Sollas, and he was in the forefront of BfologicaT, and still 
more Physiological, study. In conjunction with Chapman and 
Lawson, and to a certain extent with Ray Lankester, he did for 
some years pioneer work in this line at the Magdalen laboratory. 
But he was a man of a versatile temperament ; this, aod the fact 
that many things came easily to him, and his love of art, both 
music and painting in particular, somewhat distracted him, and 
his interest in Physiology gradually slackened. He had, more- 
over, long an inclination to take Holy Orders, and in 1885 he 
decided to follow this bent. He became ordained, and after a 
short time as a curate in Worcestershire, took first the smalt 
living of Horspath, in the gift of his College, and then that of 
Ashbury on the Berkshire Downs, which be held till 1900. 
Failing health then obliged him to give up this cure, and his 
subsequent years have been years of a sad decline both of mind 
and body, to which the end has come at last as a welcome 
release. The many distinguished men who remember him as 
their comrade and equal in capacity and promise will mourn not 
so much the final extinguishing as the early eclipse of his once 
bright and varied powers, while those who recall him as a parish 
priest, as a personal or college or school friend, will think with 
tenderness of what he contributed in his best days to social life 
and to academic and parochial duty, and his many acts of 
hospitality and generosity, more particularly toward the young. 

May Term 1905. 

The engrossing and important nature of Dr Donald Mac* 
Alister's new duties as President of the General Medical Council 
has compelled him to resign the Tutorship which he has held 
for the last twelve years. The Council of the College has 
appointed Mr L. H. K. Bushe-Fox to succeed him. 

The College suffers another loss in the retirement of Mr 
Graves from the office of Tutor, which he has held for a period 
of ten years. 

The Tutors of the College are now— Dr J. R. Tanner, Mr 
L. H. K. Bushe-Fox, and Mr E, E. Sikes. 

The Senate of the University of Durham propose to confer 
the degree of D.C.L. honoris causa on Dr D. MacAlister, Tutor 
of the College, 

After twenty-two years' service as Librarian and twenty years 
as College Lecturer, Mr J. Bass Mullinger has resigned both 
offices in order to obtain the leisure required for the completion 
of the third volume of his History of the University of Cam- 
bridge. Tho^e who remember the chaotic condition of the 
College Library in earlier days, and its comparative uselessness 
to students of the more modern subjects, are best able to 
appreciate the value of Mr Mullinger's services in that depart- 
ment. But members of the University generally will understand 
how much the teaching staff of the College suffers by the loss 
of a scholar of such wide knowledge and ripe learning. It 
would be difficult to over estimate the value to the Cambridge 
school of history of Mr Mullinger's work during the last twenty 
years; it is a matter of great satisfaction to historians that 
although he is giving up College work he will not cease to write 

The following correspondence has passed between Bishop 
EUicott (B.A. 1 841, Honorary Fellow of the College) and the 
Dean and Chapter of Gloucester Cathedral : 

<'We, the Dean and Chapter of the Cathedral Church of 
Gloucester, are anxious to convey to your lordship every good 
and kind wish on your retirement from the Sec which you hav« 

402 Our Chronicle. 

so long adorned with your great and matchless scholarship^ 
your loving and practical work-a-day life. 

•* We feel, indeed, we are parting from a dear friend as well 
as from a well-beloved Chief Pastor. We look back over long 
years, and we can discern not a single cloud which has arisen 
between us and you to mar our close and intimate intercourse. 

"While deeply sensible of your wisdom in seeking after so 
many years of toil a well-earned rest, a repose from the cease- 
less anxieties which belong to ^he life of an anxious diocesan 
Bishop, we must, though it is hard to find words, express our 
sense of the great loss we are about to sustain. We shall, 
indeed, miss the old and kindly friend, the wise counsellor, the 
profound scholar — ever at hand to help us in hours of perplexity 
or difficulty. 

*' It is good to have so lived that, when the parting comes, 
men will miss us. With full hearts we dare to say that will 
happen in your case ; not only in the little coterie of the cathe- 
dral, but on the broader stage of the city and the diocese. 
Many and many a man whom perhaps you know not will think 
with loving memory of the great scholar-Bishop, so long the 
pride of our dear city and diocese—* the holy man of God who 
passeth by us continually.' 

*^ In the eveningtide of this woik-filled life of yours, when 
'the light is neither clear nor dark/ but is lit with its own 
strange beaiititul radiance, may God for hia dear Son's sake 
give you His blessed peace in the Holy Ghost — that foretaste 
of the Eternal Peace which will be enjoyed for ever by tl\e souls 
of the righteous when they are safe in the hands of God. 
•• H. D. M, Spbncx-Jonbs. D.D., 

" Dtan of Gloucester." 
(Chapter $eal.} 

" Palace, Gloucester, April 5th^ 1905. 

•* My dear, old, and valued 5*ri«nds — 

" I write to you with my own hand, albeit slow^ioving aQ<) 
tremulous, to thank you with heartiest warmth, for ^ document 
(honoured by your ancient seal) in which, in language as kind 
as it, is felicitous, your good wishes on my retirement are con- 
veyed to me, with, the accompaniment of a prayer which, for Hs 
ijeeling beauty of language, could not possibly be surpassed. 

** My deepest thanks to you for it, and all else th^ standf 
viritten on yoiir sympathetic valedictory document 

" You allud^ most happily to the closeness of the ties that 
have existed between us from the very first. We have together 
laboured under the shadow of the glorious building which you 
have done so much to maintain in its solemn and impressive 
beauty, and make our cathedral, both within and without, the 
mother church of the city and diocese of Gloucester. 

'' I could say much more, but the right hand is ' on strike/ 
and will only help me farther to add mj heartfelt prayer that 

Our Chronicle. 403 

on our drar Dean and you all, on our city, and our well-beloved 
diocese, tlie blessing of the Father, the Son, and the Holy 
Ghost may rest for evermore. 

•• Your old and true friend, 

•' C. J. ELLicorr." 

The Darwin Medal of the Royal Society for 1904 was awarded 
to Mr William Baleton (B.A. 1883) F.R.S., Fellow of the 
College. Sir William Huggins, President of the Royal Society, 
at the Anniversary Meeting of the Society held on 30 November 
1904 spoke as follows : 

''The Darwin Medal is awarded to Mr William Bateson 
F.R.S., for his researches on heredity and variation. 

" Mr Bateson began his scientific career as a morphologist, 
and distinguished himself by researches on the structure and 
development of Balanoglossus, which have had a far-reaching 
influence on morphological science, and which established to 
the satisfaction of most anatomists the affinity of the Enterop- 
neusta to the Chordate phylum. Dissatisfied, however, with 
the methods of morphological research as a means of advancing 
the study of evolution, he set himself resolutely to the task of 
finding a new method of attacking the species problem. Recog- 
nising the fact that variation was the basis upon which the 
theory of evolution rested, he turned his attention to the study 
of that subject, and entered upon a series of researches which 
culminated in the publication in 1894 ^^ ^^^ well-known work 
entitled * Materials for the study of Variation, etc.* This 
book broke new ground. Not only was it the first systematic 
work which had been published on variation, and, with the 
exception of Darwin's ' Variation of Animals and Plants under 
Domestication/ the only extensive work dealing with it ; but 
it was the first serious attempt to establish the importance of 
the principle of discontinuity in variation in its fundamental 
bearing upon the problem of evolution, a principle which he 
constantly and successfully urged when the weight of authority 
was against it. In this work he collected and systematised a 
great number of examples of discontinuous variation, and by 
his broad and masterly handling of them he paved the way for 
those remarkable advances in the study of heredity which have 
taken place in the last few years, and to which he has himself 
so largely contributed. He was the first in this country to 
recognise the importance of the work of Mendel, which, pub- 
lished in 1864, and for a long time completely overlooked by 
naturalists, contained a clue to the labyrinth of facts which had 
resulted from the labours of his predecessors. He has brought 
those results prominently forward in England in his important 
reports to the Evolution Committee of the Royal Society, and 
in papers before the Royal and other Societies, and also before 
horticulturists and breeders of animals. He has gathered about 
him ^ distinguished body of workers, and has devoted himself 

404 Our ChrontcU. 

wiih great energy and with all his available resources to following 
out lines of work similar to those of Mendel, The result has 
b(*en the supporting of Mendel's conclusions and the bringing 
to light of a much wider range of facts in general harmony with 
them. It is not too much to say that Mr Bateson has developed 
a school of research to which biologists are now looking as the 
source from which the next great advance in our knowledge of 
organic evolution will come." 

At the annual election of fifteen members of the Royal 
Society held in May last, Mr £. W. MacBride (B A. 1891), 
formerly Fellow of the College, was elected. The following is 
a statement of his work : 

D.Sc. (Lond.). Professor of Zoology in McGill University, 
Montreal. Formerly FeFlow of St John's College, Cambridge. 
Walsingham Medallist, 1893. Distinguished for his researches 
in Echinoderm Morphology. Is establishing with considerable 
success a School of Zoology in Montreal. Author of the 
following papers published in the Quart. Journ. of Microscopical 
Science: "The Development of the Oviduct in the Frog" 
(1892) ; '* Development of the Genital Organs, Ovid Gland, etc., 
in Amphiura squamaia, together with some remarks on Lud wig's 
hsemal system " (1893); " Review of Spengel's Monograph on 
Balanoglossus " ( 1 894) ; *' The Development of Asierina gtbbosa " 
(1896); "The Early Development of Amphiozus" (1898); 
•• Studies in the Development of Echinoidea " ( 1 899) ; " Further 
Remarks on the Development of Amphioxus" (1900}, and of 
other papers. Also author of an important memoir on "The 
Development of Echinus escuUnius, etc.," published in the Phil. 
Trans., 1903; and, in collaboration with Mr A. £. Shipleyi of 
a text-book of Zoology, 1901. 

The May meetings of the Vegetarian Society were held this 
year in Cambridge on May nth and 12th. They practically 
took the form of a celebration of Professor John E. B. Mayor's 
80th birthday. Professor Mayor is President of the Society 
and presided at the Conference. On behalf of the Society a 
birthday present of a carved oak chair was made to him. The 
chair bears a silver plate with the following inscription: 

To John E. B. Mayor, from the Vegetarian Society, May 1905. 

Et quasi meredianus fulgor 

Consurget tibi ad vesperam. 

Job xi, 17, 

Semita certe 

Tianquillae per virtutem patet anica vitae. 

Juv. X, 363. 

The Vegelanan Altssenger for March last contains the following, 
addressed "To Professor Mayor, on bis eightieth birthday;" 

Our Chronicle. 405 


Revered for worth, for learning and for age, 
E'en fourscore years are lightly borne by theei 
Virile, alert and strong. Thus we may see 
Joined in one breast the Christian and the Sage, 
One who would fain the people's ills assuage, 
Help them from Folly's dangerous paths to flee. 
Nor cease — until the truth shall make them free,— 
Ere victory crown the warfare he doth wage. 
By Cam's fair flowing stream in learned peace 
May thy years pass in calm without surcease, 
And thy sound doctrine spread from shore to shore; 
Yea may thy teaching reach the people's soul. 
On wisdom may they lean to make them whole 
Receiving greater wealth than Afric's store. 

William E. A. Axon. 

It is now arranged that the monument to the late Mr S. 
Arthur Strong (B.A. 1884), which some of his friends are about 
to present to University College, London, will be unveiled on 
Thursday, July 6. It consists of a bust in bronze, modelled by 
the Countess Feodora Gleichen, and cast in Rome. This piece 
of sculpture will, it is hoped, be presented on behalf of the 
subscribers by Viscount Peel, and will be placed in the Oriental 
Library given to the College by Mrs Strong in memory of her 
husband. It will be received, on behalf of the College, by 
Lord Reay. Among those who have subscribed to this monu- 
ment are Lord Balcarres M.P., Earl Beauchamp, Sir Hugh and 
Lady Bell, Lord and Lady Burghclere, Lady Moyra Cavendish, 
Mr Evan Charteris, Sir Edward Grey M.P. and Lady Grey, the 
Librarian of the House of Lords and Mrs Gosse, Mrs J. R. 
Green, Lord Jame^ of Hereford, the Earl of Lytton, Mr Ludwig 
Mond F.R.S., Lord Newton, Lady Dorothy Nevill, Lord Revel- 
stoke, Lord Tweedmouth, Sir Edgar Vincent M.P., and the Eail 
of Wemyss. 

Dr F. E. Hilleary (B.A. 1863), the Town Clerk of West 
Ham, was presented on Tuesday, May 2, wiih two portraits of 
himself, one in his wig and gown, which will be hung in the 
Council Chamber at the Town Hall, Stratford, and the other in 
his doctor's robes, to be hung at his private house. The 
portraits are the work of Mr G. Greville Manton. Dr Hilleary 
was born in West Ham, and for 38 years has been connected 
with the official life of the parish. The portraits were purchased 
by public subscription, started by the mayors and past mayors 
of West Ham, and contributed to by every member of the Town 
Council and all the prominent burgesses of the borough. An 
illuminated address was also presented to Dr Hilleary setting 
forth at great length the services rendered by him. 

4o6 Our Chronicle. 

The Right Rev Dr J. P. A. Bowers, Bishop of Thetfoid, has 
been appointed a member of the Kings Lynn Higher Education 
Committee on the nomination of the College. 

In April last the Bishop of London appointed a Commission 
" to inquire and report on the areas and conditions of some of 
the parishes of Old Westminster with reference to recent 
changes in that neighbourhood." Archdeacon H. E. J. Bevan 
(B A. 1878) and Sir Lewis T. Dibdin, Dean of the Arches 
(B.A. 1874), are members of the Commission. 

On March 7 the Committee of the Athenseum Clab under 
the provisions of Rule II of the Club, which empowers the 
annual election by the Committee of nine persons ''of dis- 
tinguished eminence in science, literature, the arts, or for public 
services," elected Dr William Johnson SoUas (B.A. 1874) F.R.S.» 
Professor of Geology in the University of Oxford, to be a 
member of the Club. 

At the Annual Meeting of the Institution of Civil Engineers 
held on April i8th the Hon C. A. Parsons (B.A. 1877), Honorary 
Fellow of the College, was elected a member of the Council for 
the ensuing year. 

Mr R. H. Forster (B.A. 1888) has been appointed Treasurer 
of the British Archaeological Association. 

Mr Murray Hornibrook (B.A. 1892) has been appointed a 
Resident Magistrate for County Tipperary, and has been 
stationed at Templemore. 

The Special Board for Biology and Geology have nominated 
Mr J. J. Lister, Fellow of the College, to occupy the University 
table at the Laboratory of the Marine Biological Association at 
Plymouth for one month during the present year. 

Mr T. S. P. Strangeways (M.A. 1900) has been appointed by 
the General Board of Studies to be Huddersfield lecturer in 
Special Pathology. 

Mr R. P. Gregory (B.A. 1901), Fellow of (he College, has 
been appointed Senior University Demonstrator in Botany. 

Ds J. F. Spink (B A, 1^4). has been awarded one of the 
Winchester Reading Prizes for 1905. 

Mr G. R. Joyce (B.A. 1893), Assistant Master at Reading 
School, has been appointed to a mastership at Bath College, 
ivith charge of a house. 

Ds R. F. Brayn (B.A. 1903) has received an appointment in 
the Colonial branch of the Exchequer and Audit Office. 

Ds R. Sterndale-Bennett (B A. 1904) has been appointed tou 
Music mastership at Fettes College, Edinburgh. 

Our Chronicle. 407 

The following have been elected Choral Students of the 
College : — V. C. Boddington» £. H. Muncey. The studentship 
of R. Turner has been continued for a fourth year. 

The Genera] Council of the Bar has appointed Mr J. 
Alderson Foote, K.C. (B.A, 1872), to be one of the representa* 
lives of the English Bar at the forthcoming conference of the 
International Maritime Committee which will take place at 
Liverpool in June next. 

Mr J. Saxon Mills (B.A. 1885) was called to the Bar at the 
Inner Temple on Wednesday, May 17th. 

Mr B. L. T. Barnett (B.A. 1896), M.B., B.C., has been 
appointed Assistant Inspector of Hospitals in Egypt. 

At the ordinary quarterly comitia of the Royal College of 
Physicians of London held on April 28th, the following members 
of St John's having conformed to the by-laws and regulations, 
and having passed the required examinations, had licences to 
practice physic granted to them: — H. C. Cameron, of Guy's 
Hospital (B.A. 1901), and J. N. F. Fergusson, of St Thomas' 
Hospital (B A. 1902). The same gentlemen were at a meeting 
of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, held on May 1 1 th, 
admitted Members of the Royal College of Surgeons. 

Sir Denzil Ibbetson, K.C.S.I. (B.A. 1869), an ordinary 
member of the Council of the Governor General of India, has 
been appointed to officiate as Lieutenant Governor of the 
Punjab and its Dependencies, and assumed charge on April 27. 

Mr S. G. Hart (B.A. 1894), I.C.S.. officiating Deputy 
Commissioner, Sylhet, on relief was on February 1 8 posted to 
the Sibsagar district Assam, and placed on special duty under 
the orders of the settlement officer, Sibsagar. 

Mr C. G. Leftwich, LC.S. (B.A 1894), ""^cr Secretary to the 
Chief Commissioner, Central Provinces, India, has been 
appointed to officiate as Deputy Commissioner, Hoshangabad. 

Mr W. Raw (B.A. 1894). I.C.S., Joint Magistrate in charge of 
the Lalitpore sub-division of the Jhansi district, united 
provinces of Agra and Oude, has been appointed to officiate as 
Magistrate and Collector, Agra. 

Mr J. Donald (matriculated 1895), LC.S., Joinf Magistrate 
and Deputy Collector, Muzaffarpore, has been appointed to act as 
Magistrate and Collector at Gaya, Bengal. 

C. B. N. Cama (B.A. 1901), I.C S., Assistant Commissioner, 
Narsinghpore, has been appointed to act as additional judge to 
the Court of the Subordinate Judge in that district, in addition 
to his own duties. 

VOL XX. Yl. ' HHH 


Our Chronicle. 

Mr A. C. A. Latif (B.A. 1901), I.C.S., Assistant Com- 
missioner Jhang Settlement, on the termination of settlement 
(raining, is placed in charge of the Sirsa sub-division of the 
Hissar district from April 13 ; he is appointed a Magistrate of 
the first class in the Hissar district, and is invested with powers 
of a munsif of the first class, with respect to cases general!/^ 
within the civil district of Hissar. 

Mr T. F. R. McDonnell (BA. 1898), Barrister-at-law, has 
been appointed to officiate as Assistant Government Advocate, 
Burma, from April 8th last. 

Mr £. H. Pascoe (B.A. 1900) has been appointed Assistant 
Superintendent in the Geological Survey of India from 2 March, 

Mr F. J. Moss (B.A. 1886), provincial Headmaster, district 
school, Bareilly, has been appointed to officiate as Assistant 
Director of public instruction in the Indian Educational Service ; 
he has also in addition to these duties been appointed an 
Inspector of Schools in the Provincial Educational Service. 

Sermons have been preached in the College Chapel during 
the past Term by the following : — May 6, Commemoration of 
Benefactors, Prebendary Moss, Headmaster of Shrewsbury; 
May II, Dr Watson; June 4, Mr Greeves, Vicar of Holy 

The List of Select Preachers before the University to the end 
of the Easter Term 1906 contains the name of only one 
member of the College, that namely of the Rev J. M. Wilson 
D.D., Canon of Worcester, who is to preach the sermon on 
6 May 1906. 

The following ecclesiastical appointments are announced : 

B.A, From 

(1890) C. Waddesdon. 
(1877) V. Bradshiiw, Halifax 

(1885) Chaplain at Opporto 

R. Edcot, Aylesbury. 
V. Duntoo, Biggles- 
R.St Martins by Looe, 
(1894) C.Prestwich, Manchester. R. Great Saxham, 

Bury St Edmunds. 
(1869) C. St John's, Clifton. V. Westwood, Brad- 

(1894) C. St Leonard, Bridge- R. Thruxton wiih 

north. Kingston. 

(1S72) R. Bellingham, North- V. Great Bedwyn, 

umberland. Hungeiford. 

(1 89 1) C.Leeds, near Maidstone. V. Great Sampford w. 

Hempstead, Biain- 

The following members of the College were ordained Priests 
on Sunday, March 19:— By the Bishop of London in St Paul's 

Smith, A. B. 
Hemstock, H. 

Picken, W. S. 

Floyd, C. W. C. 

Hewison, J. £. 

Knight, H. £. 

Reed, J. 

Roberts, E. J. 

Our Chronick. 409 

Cathedral, J. Hardingham (B.A. 1903), W. H. Roseveare 
(B.A. 1901); by the Bishop of Manchester in his Cathedral, 
A. Aspin (B.A. 1903), A. Kershaw (B.A. 1903); and by the 
Bishop of St Albans in the parish Church of All Saints, Wood- 
ford Wells, A. K. Whitaker (B.A. 1902). 

The Rev A. A, Vawdrey (B.A. 1865), Vicar of St Gluvias, 
Penryn, Cornwall, has been appointed an Honorary Canon 
(Stall of St Piran) in Truro Cathedral. 

The Rev F. T. Madge (B.A. 1872), Rector of St Swithin's, 
Winchester, and Minor Canon and Librarian of Winchester 
Cathedral, has been appointed by the Dean and Chapter of 
Winchester to the Rectory of Stoke Charity. Mr Madge, who 
has been a Minor Canon for 28 years, is honorary editor of the 
WinchesUr Diocesan Calendar, 

The Bishop of Carlisle has appointed the Rev Canon J. T. 
Pollock, Vicar of Brigham, near Carlisle (B.A. 1874), to be 
Rural Dean of Cockermouth and Worthington. 

The Rev A. Chadwick (B.A. 1886), Assistant Priest of 
St Michael and all Angels, Inverness, has been appointed Vicar 
of Shadwell, Leeds. 

The Rev A. G. Chapman (B.A. 1884), Vicar of Tintagel, has 
been appointed Rural Dean of Trigg Minor. 

The Rev W. W. Nicholson (B.A. 1888), Chaplain R.N., has 
been appointed Chaplain to H.M,S, Edgar, 

The Rev W. E. Perrin (matriculated 1882), Rector of 
Riverton, South Australia, has been appointed Rector of 
St Augustine's, Unley, South Australia. 

The College has presented the Rev A. J. Robertson (B.A. 
1890) to the Rectory of Freshwater in the Isle of Wight, vacant 
by the death of the Rev Dr J. Merriman. 

The College has presented the Rev F. H. Dinnis (B.A. 1862), 
Vicar of St Peter's, Stepney, to the Sinecure Rectory of Aber- 
daron, vacant by the death of the Rev Prebendary W. A, 

The following books by members of the College are 
announced : — Diseaset of the Liver^ Gall-Bladder, and Bile-Ducts^ 
by H. D. RoUeston M.D., F.R.C.P, late Fellow, Physician to 
St George's Hospital (W. B. Saunders and Co.); ''In full and 
glad surrender^* The Story of the Life and Work of Martin f. Hall 
\C,M^S, Missionary in Uganda), By his sister, with a preface 
by the Bishop of Durham (Hodder and Stoughton). Mr M. J. 
Hall was drowned in Lake Victoria Nyanza, 15 August 1900; 
see Eagle, xxii, 253 ; Cities of India , by G. W. Forrest CLE. 

4IO Our ChicnicU. 

(Constable); Bury Chroniclers of the thirteenth Century, hj 
Sir Ernest Clarke (reprinted from The Bury Ffee Press) ; Hatvatd 
Lectures on the Revival of Learning, by Dr J. E. Sandys (Univer- 
sity Press); An Eighth Century Latin* Anglo- Saxon Glossaty^ 
preserved in the Library of the University of Leyden» edited by 
J. H. Hessels (University Press); The scientific principles of 
wireless telegraphy, by J. A. Fleming, Professor of Electrical 
Engineering in the Univcrsitv College of the University of 
London (Longmans, Green and Co.): The Open-air treatment of 
Pulmonary Tuberculosis, by F. W. Burton-Fanning, Physician 
to the Norfolk and Norwich Hospital (Cassell); Hakluytus 
Posthumus, or Purchas His Pilgrims, In twenty volumes (Made- 
hose) ; The Age of the Earth, and other Essays, by Professor W. J. 
Sollas (Fisher Unwin) ; Science and Hypothesis, by H. Poincar6, 
Member of the Institute of France, translated by W. J. Green- 
street, with a preface by Professor J. Larmor, Sec. R.S. (The 
Walter Scott Publishing Company) ; The existential import of 
categorical predication, by A. Wolf B.A., Fellow of University 
College, London ; Lecturer in Philosophy at the University of 
London (University Press) ; 2he conjunctiva in health and disease, 
by N. Bishop Harman (Baillidre Tindall and Cox); Critical 
Studies and ^ragments^ by the late S. Arthur Strong M.A. With 
a memoir by Lord Balcarres M.P. (Duckworth) ; A Tteatise on 
the Law relating to the carriage of goods by Sea, by T. G. Carver 
(Stevens and Sons); Man^s Estate, an interpretation of Genesis ii, 4, 
to iv end, by Frederick Ernest Coggin M A , author of Man^s 
Great Charter, an exposition of Genesis i-ii, 1 3 ( Murray s) ; M, Tulli 
Ciceronis Tusculanarum Disputationum libri quinque. A revised 
text with introduction and commentary and a collection of numerous 
MSS.9 by T. W. Dougan M.A , Professor of Latin in Queen's 
College, Belfast (University Press) ; The Scientific Principles of 
Wireless Telegraphy, by Professor J. A. Fleming (Longmans); 
Old Testament History. For Sixth Form boys, by the Rev T. 
Nicklin, Assistant Master at Rossall School (Black); Eummer's 
Quartic Surface, by the late R. W. H. T. Hudson M.A.. D.Sc, 
Fellow of the College atld Lecturer in Mathematics at the 
University of Liverpool (University Press); An introduction to 
the Study of Geometry, by A. J. Pressland (Rivington's) ; The 
Oxyrhynchus sayings of fesus, found in 1903, with the sayings 
called Logiay found in 1897. A Lecture, by the Rev Charles 
Taylor (Clarendon Press); Education and Crime, A Sermon 
preached in the Parish Church of Rochdale, in fanuary 1905 on 
Denominational Schools, and subsequeutly enlarged, by the Rev J. M. 
Wilson D.D. (S.P.C.K.); Aristophanes, The Achamians, edited 
by the Rev C. E. Graves, Pitt Press Series (University Press). 

Mr G. C. Moore Smith (B.A. 1881), Professor of English 
Language and Literature in University College, Sheffield, has 
edited Pedantius, a Latin Comedy formerly acted in Trinity College^ 
Cambridge, This forms the eighth volume of a series, under the 

Our Chronicle. 4 1 1 

general editorship of Professor W. Bang, who holds the chair 
of English Philology at the University of Louvain, entitled 
Materialien zur Kunde des atliertn Englischen Dramas, 

The following University appointments of members of the 
College have been made since the issue of our last number : 
The Right Honourable L. H. Courtney to be a member of the 
Board of Electors to the Professorship of Political Economy; 
Mr F. F. Blackman to be an examiner in Elementary Biology ; 
Mr H. Woods to be an Examiner in Agricultural Science; 
Professor Middleton to be an Examiner for the Diploma in 
Agriculture ; Dr D. MacAlister to be a member of the Board 
of Electors to the Professorship of Pathology : Mr W. Bateson 
to be deputy of Professor Newton for the ensuing academic year ; 
Mr J. H. A. Hart to be an examiner for Parts I and II of the 
Theological Tripos in 1906 ; Mr W. H. Gunston to be a governor 
of St 01ave*s and St Saviour's Grammar School Foundation, 
Southwark ; Dr D. MacAlister, Professor Middleton, and Mr A. C. 
Seward to be members of a Syndicate to consider the establish- 
ment in the University of a Diploma in Forestry ; Mr C. £. Graves 
to be an examiner for the Porson Prize in 1 906. 

A stained-glass window has been placed in the chancel of 
Bun bury parish church, Tarporley, on the South side, by Mr 
W. W. Downes, of Nantwich, in accordance with the will of his 
sister, Miss Frances Lowe Downes, and in memory of the 
Reverend Samuel Lowe, Fellow of the College from 1705 to 
1710, and the Preacher of Bunbury from 1717 to 1760. 

A brass has recently been placed in the College Ante-Chapel 
to the memory of Professor J. S. Henslow (B.A. 1818). The 
inscription is as follows : 

In memory 


The Revd John Stevens Henslow, M.A., 

F.L.S., F.G.S, F.C.P.S. 

of this College 

Professor of Mineralogy 1822 


Professor of Botany 1825 

Rector of Hitcham, Suffolk 

from 1837 to 1 861 

Born February 7, 1796, died May 16, 1861 

" And he spake of trees from the cedar 

tree that is in Lebanon, even unto the hyssop 

that springeth out of the wall. 

A brass has been placed on the wall of the chancel of 
Kneesall Church to the memory of John Whyley Chell, formerly 

4 1 2 Our Chronicle, 

of the College, who was killed in action in Sonth Africa. See 
Eagli x\\if 360; XXV, 350. The inscription is as follows: 

To the Glory of God 


In memory of 

Corp: John Whyley Chell, 

44 Squad: 12 Batt: Imp: Yeomanry, 

Undergraduate of 

S. John's Coll., Camb : 

Son of the Vicar of this parish, 

Who fell in action at Leeuw Spruit 

On 25th Feb., 1902, and was buried 

At Bethsheba Farm, Harrismith 

Aged 21 years. 

This tablet it placed by his 

Fellow Parishioners and Friends 

In token of their appreciation of 

His sterling and manly character. 

The Vicar of Grantchester writes: "On the ist December 
1830, there was buried in Grantchester Churchyard a certain 
William Jauncey of St John's College, Cambridge, and New 
York, 19 years old. He was apparently an undergraduate of the 
College. There is a tomb in the Churchyard over his grave, 
which, like many others in the Churchyard, has fallen into 
neglect. It has occurred to me that there might be some 
relative of the family in New York who would be willing to 
contribute to the upkeep of the tomb, and I thought I might 
write and ask you whether you thought it would be possible 
through the College Records to trace the family of the young 
man, as, if so, some member of the family might be willing to 
contribute to the expenses of keeping the tomb in order.... 
The tomb is a large and handsome one, surmounted by a funeral 
urn. • • .We have already cleared and cleaned it, so that it is now 
quite neat and tidy." 

The College Admission Register has the following entry: 
** William Jauncey, son of Mr Herman Thorn, New York ; born 
in New York, America ; privately educated by the Rev G. M. 
Cooper, late Fellow of this College; admitted Fellow 
Commoner 13 February 1830 ; Tutor, Mr Tatham, age 18." 

It will be observed that the surname of father and son is 
different. It may be that the father's name was Herman Thorn 
Jauncey, but in the entries at this date the father's surname as 
well as christian name is given. 

The Parish Register of Grantchester has the following entry 
among the burials for 1830: "William Jauncey; St John's 
College, Cambridge, of New York; i December; 19; W. F. 
Wilkinson, Curate." 

The inscription on the tombstone is as follows : 

Our Chronicle. 413 

Sacred to the memory of 

William Jauncey of the 

City of New York, in the United 

States of America, and 

Fellow Commoner of St John's 

College, Cambridge. 

He died November 19th 

A.D. 1830, aged 19 years. 

To the extreme grief of his family 

And those many friends whose esteem 
And affection he had deservedly gained 
During a residence of two years 
In this country. 

Perhaps some reader of The EagU may be able to help with 
some further details as to William Jauncey, or to help the Vicar 
of Grantchester m his search. 

A curious printed broadside or fly-sheet has been brought to 
one of our Editors, which reads as follows : 

George Arbsr was Born 

March 14th, 1767. 

The Rev Edward Bushby; Mr W. H. Smith, of Liverpool ; 
Mr Humphrey Noble, of Nether Broughton, Leicestershire; 
and Mr John Adams, Churchwarden, of All Saints' Parish, 
Cambridge, had the pleasure of drinking his health on his 90th 
Birthday 1857. The former three were members of St John's 

The same George Arber, son of William and Susannah 
Arber, was baptized in All Saints' Church, 5th April, 1767. 
Sarah Arber, his wife, is now in her 80th year, this 1857. 
George Arber was baptized by the Rev Samuel Budmore, so 
certifies the Rev William Charles Sharpe, Vicar of All Saints, 
and Fellow of Saint John's College, Cambridge, this 4th day of 
October 1857. 

It would almost appear as if George Arber was in someway 
connected with the College, perhaps as a porter or gyp. 
Perhaps some of our readers can offer an explanation. 

Mr G. R. S. Mead (B.A. 1884) delivered a course of Lectures 
on "Some Studies in Hellenistic Philosophy" in the lecture 
room of the Theosophical Society, during the month of March. 
The subjects of the several lectures were as follows : — March 7, 
Concerning the Mysteries of Osiris and Isis ; March 14 and 21, 
The Myth of Man in the Mysteries; March 28, From the Greek 
Magic Papyri. 

It may be convenient for candidates for Fellowships at the 
election for 1905 to know that the following dates have been 

414 Our Chronicle. 

fixed : Candidates to inform the Master of the subject of their 
dissertations not later than May 22nd; dissertations to be sent 
to the Master not later than August 26th. The examination 
will be held in the Combination Room on Monday, October 21st. 
The election will take place on Monday, November 6th. 

The Annual Dinner to members of the College who have 
taken the M.A. degree and have retained their names on the 
College Boards is to be held this year on Thursday, June 22nd. 
Members of the College who graduated in the following groups 
of years are invited on the present occasion : 
1863-68; 1883*87; 1894-98. 

Mr H. Yates Thompson of Trinity College (already well- 
known as a benefactor of the University and founder of the 
Library at Newnham College) has recently presented our 
Library with two works of considerable interest. The first is a 
volume of Facsimiles of Two 'Histoires' by Jean Foacquet of 
Tours, viz: 

(i) The Profanation of the Temple by Pompey and his 

(2) The Entry of King Herod into Jerusalem. 

' Histoires ' was the term used in the fifteenth century for 
what palatograph ists now call miniatures; and both these 
miniatures are remarkable specimens of artistic skill and 
imaginative conception. The originals are in volumes I. and 
II. of a copy of Josephus's * History of the Jews,' of which the 
first volume is in the Biblioth^que Nationale in Paris, and the 
second was discovered and purchased by Mr Thompson himself. 
Monsieur Leopold Delisle, in a Paper read before the Acadimit 
des Imcnpttons two years ago, thus describes the process of 
identification : '* M. Thompson ne Teut pas plutdt vu qu'il crut 
y reconnaitre le second tome d'un exemplaire dont le premier* 
conserve k la Biblioth^que nationale depuis le temps de 
Fran9ois I«', est cite6 comme un des Chefs-d'oeuvre de la 
peinture fran9aise au milieu du XV* si^cle. 

La conjecture de M. Thompson fait beaucoup d*honneur k sa 
sagacitd. File 6tait parfaitement fondde. J'en ai acquis la 
preuve decisive en rapprochant de notre manuscrit la 
photographic, qu'il a bien voulu me communiquer, du frontispiece 
du manuscrit r^cemment mis en vente k Londres.' 

' A la fin du second le Due de Berri a trac6 de sa main deux 
notes ainsi con9ues : 

'* Ce livre est au due de Berry. Jehan. 
Ce livre de Josephe est au due de Berry. Jehan. 
These two splendid Facsimiles are accompanied by two 
Photogravures and four Three-Colour Photographs of a fifteenth 
century MS. of the '• Faits des Remains " as it occurs at the end 
of some MSS. of the '^ Histoire ancience jusqu *k C^sar.*' 

Our Chrontcu. 415 

A rare book in four folio volumes has just been added to the 
Library. It is hy a former Johnian, one Christopher Ness, 
'Minister of the Gospel in London.* The volumes were 
published in 1690-96, and the work, entitled ''A Complete 
History and mystery of the Old and New Testament, logically 
discuss'd, and theologically improved," was held in high esteem 
by the famous C. H. Spurgeon, and is full of quaint comments, 
and singularly ingenious ideas along with many not always 
unquestionable conclusions. 

An especially interesting feature in these volumes is that they 
contain two ' connubial dedications.' The former, that prefixed 
to the first three volumes, being dedicated to Sir Leonard 
Robinson, Knight, and 'Chamberlain of this famous City 
of London,' and to his wife the Lady Deborah, the two 
dedications running in parallel columns. In the dedication to 
Sir Leonard the worthy civic magnate is congratulated on his 
recent promotion to the Chamberlainship, in terms which 
certainly cannot be pronounced commonplace while the ideas 
are certainly extraordinary. 'The Lord, says the dedicator, 
' hath lent you a marvelous lift (relating to your outward Estate) 
in seating you upon high, to bear so great a figure in this so 
great a City.' In fact Christopher appears to be somewhat 
astonished at his patron's promotion, and goes on to observe 
that ' God is good to his servants and gives large wages for little 
work.' He doubts whether Sir Leonard has time to read any 
books, ' much less such a large volume as this is.' He recalls, 
however, that Alphonsus, King of Arragon, found time to ' read 
over the whole Bible (with Lyra's Notes upon it) no fewer 
than fourteen times.' It is a little singular, when we turn the 
page, to find him expressing his apprehension lest his 'maker 
should suddenly snatch me away in that dangerous sin of flattery, 
therefore I dare not so much as seem to do so.' 

Lady Deborah is informed that her name, in the Hebrew 
language, ' doth signifie an honey-bee, a most curious, cleanly, 
and laborious animal; and 'tis a wonderful work of the God of 
nature, that so much art, ingenuity, and industry should lie 
couched up within the small compass of so little a corpusculum.' 
With respect to her ladyship's reading, Christopher charitably 
assumes that 'you make it your exercise, your recreation to read 
the Sacred Scriptures duly and daily, yea, and the soundest and 
most savoury authors that do write upon them,' while, on the 
other hand, 'all idle and addle-brained authors your soul 
abhorreth as the bee doth stinking weeds.' 

It would seem that Sir Leonard did not very long survive 
this dedication, for in 1696 we find the author dedicating the 
fourth volume to the truly noble lord. Judge Rookesby, and to 
the truly elect lady, Madam Rookesby, his wife (Ness had been 
Chaplain to Judge Rookesby's father). ' 1 have known your 
lordship/ he says, ' long to be an unfeigned friend of our Lord 
the Bridegroom and of his Royal Bride the Church, Tan/us 

4i6 Our Chronicle. 

quisq: es/f quanius ilie est apud Deum ; all honours are t^efl 
measured by the nearest approach to the King of Kings, who is 
the best fountain of the truest honour; therefore the right 
vahiation of every man amongst men, must be according to the 
valuation which that man hath with the great God/ 

Some mishap, however, appears to have befallen this 
excellent judge for towards the conclusion Ness takes occasion 
to say '1 cannot but admire, that, notwithstanding your 
providential lameness (which, like a dark foil in a well drawn 
picture, serveth to set off its beauty), the Lord still enableth you 
to ride your circuit, and what he calls you to, he qualifies you for 
ft, even for that noble work of judging the world.* 

In the dedication Madam Kookesby is subjected to a quaint 
comparison with some twenty or more of the eminent women in 
the scripture narrative, whose virtues, Christopher affirms, 'have 
an happy conjunction in you,' ' I can assure you, madam,' he 
hastens to add» 'tis iK>t the stinking breath of a sordid 


I remember well, when the news of Bishop Colenso's theories was creating 
a considerable stir and unrest in India, Dr Kay quoted to me a remark whicU 
he had heard from the Professor (Cowell^ to the effect that, if anything; was 
wanted to prove the existence of an Evil Piovidence such that we attrilmie 
to the Arch-enemy, it wouUl be enough to refer to the preparation of men's 
minds for Colenso^'s hercMes by the wide diffusion of his manuals of arithmetic 
and kindred subjects {Lift and Letters «f Edward Bylti C9weU, 1904, p. 


Kay was priocipal of Bisbop*s College, Calcutta, when Cowell was Pro. 
fessor of History in the Presidency College. Both left Lidia in 1864. Tbft 
speaker is a missionary friend of both. 

The following verses appeared in Punch for 14 March 1865; 
Xhx Natal Corrxsfondbnce. 
My dear Colenso 

With regret. 
We hierarchs in conclave met, 
Beg you, you most disturbing writer. 
To take off your colonial mitre. 
This course we press upon you strongly: 
Believe me, 

Yours most truly, 
Lambeth. Lonoley. 

My dear Archbishop, 

To resign 
Thflt Zulu diocese of mine. 
And own myself a heathen dark, 
Because I've doubts about Noah's Ark, 
And feel it right to tell all meu so, 
Is not the course for 

Kensington, CoLENSO. 

Our Chronicle. 


A fuither instalment of 'The Nalal Correspondence' will be found in 
Punch fur 1 1 April 1863. 

In an obituary notice of the late Professor John Couch Adams, ori^nally 

?rinted in the Journal for Psychical Research and reprinted in Fragments of 
*rose and Poetry by F. W. H. Myers, pp. 81, 82, the following passage 
occurs : 

Throughout the past ten years (1882- 1892] of our work his sympathy never 
failed us ... He was sure that what we were doing was right to do ; he held 
unswervingly that through these adiu lay an unassailable, if slow, advance 
into (he knowledge of things unseen. 

Few men of eminence intervened so seldom in any debate ; no man, when 
he did intervene, left so little desiie in piudent disputants to get up and 
answer him. 

How greatly did this one man's few grave words outweigh aH hastf 
momentary utterances hostile to the quest ! out-weighed them as the flashing 
Leonids, whose sweep he tracked through heaven, are outweighed by his own 
silent planet. 

The Parish Register of Chesham, Bucks, which has recently been printed 
contains the following entry : 

** Mr Thomas BIcchinden : Felowe of St Johns Colledge in Cambridge : 
and how&hold Chaplen to the right honoble Francis Lord Russell was by the 
said Lord Russell presented to the vicaredg of Chesham Wobome: and 
preached there 5 November 1623." 

Thomas Blechinden, B.A. 1612-3; M.A. 1616; B.D. 1624; D.D. 1635; 
was admitted a Fellow of the College is April 16 14. He compounded for 
first fruits as Vicar of Chesham Wobum, Bucks 9 April 1624 ; he ceded this 
on being instituted Rector of Clist St Michael, Devon, compounding for first 
fruits II November 1625. This he appears to have ceded on being instituted 
Rector of Norton Fitz warren, Somerset, on the presentation of Edward, Earl 
of Bath. He was collated to the second prebendal stall in Canterbury 
Cathedral 18 November 1633. He ceded his Somersetshire living on being 
instituted Vicar of Eastry, Kent 8 March 1637-8, and he was instituted 
Rector of Kingston, Kent 5 March 1639-40. He was disposseessed of his 
prebend, and presumably also of his livings during the Commonwealth 
(Walker, Sufferings of the Clergy, Part ii, p. 7). On 4 December 1635, 
Thomas Blechynden, one of the prebendaries of Christchurch, Canterbury, 
aged 42, was licensed by the Bishop ofXondon, to marry Margaret Aldersey, 
of St Catherine Coleman, spinster, age 18, daughter of Samuel Aldersey» 
merchant, deceased, with the consent of Margaret Aldersey, his mother-in-law» 
at St Faith, or St Leonard, Foster Lane. Attested by Richard Blechynden^ 
of St Gregory, Silkman (Foster, London Marriage Licenses)^ 

As sone as I coulde be Graduate, vpon sodayne disputations in the Grek» 
tongue, wherein the readiest of the ancient Maisters came to reply, and many 
were encoraged to the tongue: worde was sent me^ that I should choose 
where I woulde be Felow. I chose to be, where first an election was : even 
foure dayes after I was eligible, and to that Colledge [St John's] I was 
chosen : a Colledge which regarded lemyng as much as any coulde. Some 
paries of a reuerent man, the maister, Maister Shepheard, I can not omit. 
He, when I stoode to be Felow, at the election tolde that he woulde haue no 
stranger but one : and eyther him, or no election, and soone had a generall 
consent. And thence sooiie I was allured to Christes Colledge to be Sir 
Walter Mildmaydes professor. M. Shepheard perceauing that, to stay me, 
founde meaues to doble the allowance tor all the Felowes. This I did not 

4 1 8 Our Chronicle. 

know Tntyll I departed thence and the nyght before the election, sent for all 
the Seiiiores, and me, to supper, and moued them to promise out of their 
allowance, and doble from his, all, doble to my Felowshyp. I promised not 
to soe from them. On the morow I went to thauke the other Colledge for 
tlieir good wyll. They takinge in griefe that I shoulde refuse tlieir such 
willing fauour, requested me one thing onel^ to be admitted with them, and 
after to chose. I not knowing how admission to one house, did cut off the 
right of an other, was content : but with these wordes, I protest it is agaynst 
my wyl, onely to satisfie your request. The admission being done, the learned 
man D. Still (now reuerent Byshop) sayd, S. John's is lost. M. Shepheard 
hearing of it, was sicke for greife, as many did reporte and tolde for whom he 
toke all the paynes to amende the Felowshyps : yet hearing how I protested, 
and was deceaued, sent to the Visitor the Byshop of Ely to expound the Law, 
whether it were an admission, when the admitted sayth, it is agaynst bis 
wyl. He resolued the admission lawful, and my place lost with them. Then 
they offered to chose me anew. That I refused ; but promised to esteeme of 
their good wyl, as much as yf I came to vse their fauour. I asked them, why 
they should so much regarde my young study, of four yeres ? They said, such 
a course of making Ebrew and Greeke as native in yeres so young (not £0 of 
age) wyll twelue yeeres hence doe that with ease, which all our pavnes can not 
come by. And yf publike cherishyng encorage, I must testifie, that my actcs 
there were so accepted of the Ancient, that none euer could take more delight 
in pastime, than their acceptation myght make delyght in studying. 

[From Hugh Broughton A Sedtr OktMt 1594. The £putIe...To... 
Henrie Karl of Huntingdon. Hugh Broughton (1549 — i&is)» entered at 
Magdalene College, and was B.A. 1569-70; he was admitted a Fellow of St 
John's 16 March 1569.70, he became a Fellow of Christ's in 1572. He 
afterwards became a Canon of Durham. There is an account of him in the 
Pictionary of National Biography]. 

As wc go to press we learn that the De Morgan Medal of the 
London Mathematical Society for 1905 has been awarded to 
Dr H. F. Baker, Fellow and Lecturer of the College, for his 
researches in Pure Mathematics. 

CoLLKGB English Essay Prizes. 

The following are the subjects for the College Essay Prizes : 

For Students now in thnr Subject 

First Year Dean Swift. 

Second Year The lise and decline of 

the Newspaper Press. 
Tltird Year I'he persistence of ancient 

superstitions in modem 


The Essays are to be sent to the Master on or before 
Saturday, October 14th. 

Adams' Memorial Prize. 

The prize is adjudged in the Michaelmas Term for an essay 
on a mathematical subject. The prize consists of a copy of the 
Collected Works of Professor J. C. Adams, together with about 
£/^ in money or books at the choice of the recipient. 

Our Chronicle. 419 

The competition is open to all undergraduates of the College 
who have not entered on their seventh term of residence at the 
time when the essay is sent in. 

The competition is intended to promote independent study 
of original authorities, and to encourage practice in compact 
and systematic exposition. Originality in the treatment of the 
subject is not essential, but freshness and precision will carry 
weight ; the length of the Essay is limited to about 3000 words. 

The essays, marked "Adams' Memorial Prize,*' should be 
lent to the Senior Bursar before the end of September. 

For the present year the essay is to be on one of the following 
subjects : 

1. Lines of Curvature, Geodesic lines and other lines on a 

2. The Gamma function, the Sigma function, and the factor 
theorem for integral functions. 

3. Optical Dispersion. 

4. Normal coordinates, normal functions, and vibratory 

The following authorities may be consulted on the essaj 
subjects : 

1. Darboux, Theorie des Surfaces^ %m€ Partie^ p. 347 ; Cayley, 
ColUcitd Works viii^ p. 167 {Proceedings of the London Mathematical 
Society^ iv). 

2. Tannery and Molk, Fonciion Elliptiques, i, p, loi ; BoreU 
Le^ns sur les/onctions entihes, 

3. Drude's, Optics^ Pari ii. Sect, ii, Chap, v.; Poincar^, 
Electriciti et Optique (1901), Part Hi, Chap, v. 

4. Rayleigh, Sound Vol, t, Chaps, iv, v; Love, Elasticity. 

Cricket Club. 

Captain-^'&, T. WatU. Hon. Secretary^A,. L. Gorringe. 
Played, 13. Won, 2. Lost, i. Drawn, 10. 

From the above results we see that the ist XL have had a 
fairly successful season, although we deplore the fact that so 
many matches have had to be left drawn, and owing to the 
short term and the number of scratched matches we have not 
played so many matches as in former years. 

The side has unfortunately been weakened in the later 
matches by the " counter attraction of Tripos, etc.," and also by 
the absence of the *' Secretary," whom we heartily congratulate 
on being chosen to play for Sussex against Middlesex and 

The most pleasing feature of the term's cricket has been the 
consistently good fielding of the majority of the team. 

420 Our Chrofiicle. 

We offer our congratulations to A. L. Gorringe on his 
excellent innings in llie Seniors* Match, and to F. Johnston, 
G. J. Williams and G. M. C. Taylor on playing iu the Freshmen's 

Batting Avtrages. 

Hiffliest Timat 
BatsmMi* Inning!. Rant. tcoro. not oat. Aver. 

F. Johnston u .. 4^7 .. i04 •• ' •• 4i70 

A. D.Taylor 8 .. 2ii .. 85* .. 2 .. 3516 

A.L.Gorringe u .. 3«> •• 78* .. « •• 3444 

E.E. Thompson 10 .. 248 .. 83 .. 2 .. 3100 

B. T. WatU 9 .. 211 .. 61 .. o .. 23-45 

P. C. Sands 9 •• ^78 .. 54* -. ' •• "'S 

S. Brayshay 7 •• ^7 •• «» •• 3 - "o75 

J. G. ScouUr 4 •• 59 •• 33* •• ' •• '^'33 

G.J.WUIans 10 .. 151 .. 4« •• <> •• »5"0 

I. J. Best 4 •. 44 .. ^S* •• ^ •• H^f 

P. N.F.Young 3 •• " .• 8 .. o .. 3*^ 

* Signifies not out. 

Bffwling Averages. 

BowIm*. Ovexs. Kan*. Maidens. Wickets. Aver. 

G.D.Taylor 17 - 61 .. 6 .. 6 .. io-x6 

E. E.Thompson 5 .. 23 .. o .. 2 .. 11-50 

I. J. Best 20 .. 53 .. 3 •• 4 .. »3'2S 

S. Brayshay 46 .. 201 .. 3 .. 12 .. 1675 

J. G. Scoufar 53 •• *o3 .. 7 .. 12 .. 16-91 

P.C.Sands 123 .. 224 .. 12 .. 16 .. 26-50 

G. J. Willans 145 . . 5** • • *<> • • '9 • • *7*47 

A.L.Gorringe 45 •• ^35 •• 3 •• ^^ 39io 

B.T. Watts 97 •• 4io .. 9 •• 9 •• 45*45 

Charaden of the XL : 

B. r. Watts (Capt.)-.A good consistent bat with several powerful strokes ; 
hits with great freedom when set ; less successful with the ball than last 
year. Has set a grand example in the field, and captained the team 
with manifest siull and ability. 

P, C. Sands—K very sound bat. Came on as a bowler ; keeps a good length. 
Brilliant field. 

A. t, Gorringe^Good field at cover. A greatly improved bat. Scores well 

all round the wicket. Useful lob bowler. 

/. r. Scouiar—W^ unable to play regulariy, and so did not get going; fast 
bowler ; dashing field. 

/. /. ^«/— Has a batting style of his own. Fancies his bowling. An 
excellent field and safe catch. Can keep wicket. 

F. Jdhnston-^Tht pick of the new choices. A vigorous bat with a good 
stiaight drive. Useful out*field. 

O, J, FPi'/Aiifj— Medium paced bowler with useful leg break. Hits hard, and 
would make a good bat if he got his foot across to the ball ; safe pair of 

B. B, Thompson—Good, fast wicket bat, has an excellent shot past point ; 

keen, but moderate field. 

Our Chronicle. 421 

P, iV. F, Yountc — A good wicket-lceeper to fait bowling; must not snatch nt 
the <* slow ones." Has not had much chance of showing his batting 

S. Brayshay — Safe field. Consistently good change bowler. Fair bat with 
good stroke on the leg side. 

A, D, Taylor-^Vtrf slow bat. Bowled with success on a wet wicket. Will 
have to show greater keenness in the field. 

The Debating Society. 

President'^'W, Coop. Vtee-President—K. G. Coombs. Trecuurcr^ 
C. F. Hodges. Secretary—T, H. F. Young. 

The May Term has seldom been successful from a debating 
point of view, and this Term it had been decided to hold no 
ordinary debates. A special debate for May week was projected^ 
but unfortunately the idea proved abortive. Committee and 
private business meetings are of little interest, except that it has 
been decided to amalgamate the offices of Treasurer and Secre- 
tary, and that a Select Committee has been appointed which^ 
during "The Long/' is to prepare a draft for the necessary 
revision of the Rules. 

The Natural Science Club. 

President — T. B. Vinycomb. Hon. Secretary — ^P, S. Barlow. 
There have been three meetings of the Club during the 
Easter Term, the Club being entertained in each case by the 
member reading the paper. The papers and dates of meeting 
have been: "The Law of Recapitulation," by A. E. Stansfeld, 
on May 8th; ••Sleep," by Mr H. N. Webber, on May 22nd; 
•" Relation between Insects and Plants," by Mr H. C. Hontfy- 
bourne, on June 3rd. At the last meeting Mr A. E. Stansfeld 
was re-elected President, owing to the inability of the Secretary 
to accept the post, and Mr J. A. Crowther was elected Secretary, 
for the October Term. 

The Theological Society. 

President—K. F. G. Balcomb. Ex-Presidents—l, H. A. Hart M.A^ 
W. G. Cheese, S. N. Roslrou. IVeasurer—X, M. Walmsley. Secretary — 
£. C. Dewick. CommUtee^\\t9 C. H. Dyer, D. McK. Ohm. 

The following meetings have been held this term : 
May S— " The early Chli^tian reputation of the Jew,** by T. R. Glover Esq., 

M.A., Fellow of St John's College. 
May 19— " Comparative Religion," by Rev G. T. Mauley M.A., Christ'* 

May 26-" An Euglbh Pope," by Rev F. J. Foakes. Jackson B.D., Dean of 

Jesus College. 

(This paper was read by Mr P. S. Barlow.) 

There are 24 members and 8 associates in residence. 

42 2 Our Chronicle, 

The Lawm Tennis Club. 

President— Mt R. F. Scott. Han, Treasurer—Mi L. H. K. Biuhe-Foxe. 
Capiain—H, Chappie. Ifon, Secretary — H. S. Crole-Recf. 

On the few occasions on which we were able to play our full 
team, which contained two Blues and a Grasshopper, we met 
with every success, even against the strongest Colleges. But 
unfortunately we too often turned out without our first or second 
pairs, with the result that on more than one occasion we lost the 
match by the odd game, besides materially weakening the 
2nd XI. 

We congratulate H. Chappie on carrying on the arduous 
work of 'Varsity Tennis Secretary this year, and on playing a 
second year in the 'Varsity team. 

Colours have been given to T. N. P. Palmer and H. S. 
Crole-Rees, while the following also played: — F. W. Argyle, 
H. Chappie (capt.). A. Chappie, W. T. Ritchie, D. Kingdon. 

Results : — 

1st XI. Played i8; Won, 8 ; Lost, lo. 
2DdXI. „ 9; „ S; ,» 4' 

Eaglbs Lawn Tennis Club. 

President— lit R. F. Scott. Ifon, Treasurer—H. Sanger, ffon. 
Secretary— H. S. Crole-Rees. 

At a meeting of the Club held on April 28th the following 
were elected members: J. G. Scoular, A. T. S. Hamilton. The 
following were elected on June 14th; — F. Johnson, R. Meldrum, 

F. R. J. Easton, T. M. Sibly. 

Chess Club. 

President— ^Ir W. H. Gunston. Vice-President—^, R, Airey. Hon 
See, - G. E. Tliompson. Hon, 7reas,—A, Geake. Cpmmittee-4^, G. Sharp 
and £. H. P. JoUy. 

We are pleased to be able to report that the Club, for the first 
time in its history, carried off the Inter-Collegiate Challenge 
Board. In the final we defeated Pembroke (the holders) by 
4 games to 1 . 

We would like to take this opportunity of congratulating 

G. Leathern on his success at top board in the Inter- Varsity 

This term, owing lo exigencies of "Tripos" and other 
regrettable necessities, the attendance at the weekly meetings 
has been somewhat meagre, but we hope to resume with 
renewed vigour in the Michaelmas term. 

Rugby Union Football Club. 
The following officers have been elected for the season 

Captain— Q. B. Middleton. Sicretary^K, £. Evans. 

.L \ 



Our Chronicle. 4^3 

Ladt Margaret Boat Club. 

Presidtnt-^lir L. H. K. Bnshe-Fox. Trtasurer—'^r R. F. Scott. FirH 
Captain-^J, Frascr. Second Captain — ^H. G. Frean. Ifpn, Secretary— 
P. J. Ltwis. Junior Treasurer^K. G. L. Hunt. First Lent Captain — 
H. S. Crole-Rees. Second Lent Captain—Y, A. R. Higgins. Third Lent 
Captain — F. R. J. Easton. Additional Captain — R. Meldrum. 

In the University Boat Race, which was rowed this year on 
April ist, L.M.B.C. was represented by H. Sanger, the 'Varsity 
President, who rowed at bow. We have to condole with him 
on not having a happier ending to his year of office. 

L.M.B.C. was not represented in the Magdalene Pairs. H. 
Sanger and P. J. Lewis practised for some time, but eventually 
decided not to enter. 

There was again only one entry for the Lowe Double Sculls, 
R. V. Powell and B. C. Johnstone, of Third Trinity. They 
rowed over in the good time of 7 mins. 26 sees. 

Practice for the May races has been carried on, on the 
whole, under very fair conditions, though the first part of the 
term was very cold and rough. The conditions were never good 
for fast times, owing to the shallowness of the water. There 
were several old colours available, but the men never seemed 
to fall together, and when at last they were beginning to do so, 
we had the misfortune to lose Fraser, who had been rowing 
seven, owing to a cycle accident which brought about water on 
the knee. Early in the term Sanger took his place at five, with 
Frean at six, but later on the order on stroke side was changed, 
Higgins going to six and Frean to four. When Fraser had to 
retire a fortnight before the races, Sanger took his place at 
seven, and Meldrum came in from the second boat at five, 
while a few days later the original order on stroke side wai 
returned to. These changes upset the crew a great deal, and 
they had some difficulty in sitting their boat. Great credit is 
due to Mr Bushe-Foz for his admirable coaching, and his un- 
tiring efforts in the face of many disappointments. We con- 
gratulate him on the result of his labours, by which the crew 
have risen to third place on the river — a position they have 
occupied once only since 1879. 

The final order of rowing was as follows : — 

St. lbs. 

F. R. J. Easton, dtmr 910 

s F. A. R. Higgins 11 i 

3T.M.Sibly ii 2 

4 M. Henderson ••... ii 9 

tR. Meldrum 12 6} 
H. G. Frean 12 13 

7 H. Sanger 10 8 

P. J. Lewis, stroke 10 7} 

A. G. L. Hunt, f0jc , 8 o 

Coach^L,. H. K. Bushe-Foz. Captain—J, Fraser. 


424 Our Chronicle. 

The second boat suffered a great deal from lack of material 
and from tlie changes in the first boat. J. F. Spink assisted 
tliem during the first part of the term, but was ultimately unable 
to row. When Meldrum was requisitioned for the first boat, 
bow and three were moved up and J. Stokes was fortunately 
able to come in at bow. They were handicapped considerably 
by the constant changes, but they sliowed great keenness, and 
came on considerably during the last fortnight. In the races 
tliey rowed extremely well, and had very hard luck in not making 
more bumps. The order of rowing was : 

St. lbs. 

J. Stokes, hew 910 

s H. A. Laidlaw 10 6} 

3 J. B. Ronaldson 10 t 

4 A. G. P. Fayennan 11 13 

5R.H.Vcrcoe ii a} 

6 J. E. P. Allen 12 7 

7 T.Lu»k 9 7 

N. Lincoln, j/rvilf «.. 10 6 

N. Worrall, ^** 8 2 

Coach — P. J. Lewis. CaptcUn — H. G. Frean. 

A third boat was put on for a short time at the beginning of 
the term, but its existence came to an end owing to lack of men. 

Mr Scott and Mr Bushe-Fox kindly invited both crews to 
breakfast during training; they are also greatly indebted to 
Mr Lister and their captains for so kindly entertaining them at 

Firti NighL 

The First Boat, rowing at a very slow stroke, were never 
seriously troubled by Caius, and rowed over about a length in 

The Second Boat made a bad start, but afterwards, leaving 
Clare far behind, gained rapidly on Trinity Hall II., and got 
within a few feet of them at Post Corner. They failed to bump, 
however, and rowed over never more than a quarter of a length 

Second Nighi, 

The First Boat, at a somewhat faster stroke, gained at once 
on First Trinity, and were within a length at Grassy. Up the 
Plough they gained very fast, and after overlapping for about 
a minute, made their bump at the Willows. 

The Second Boat got off better, and gained steadily on 
Trinity Hall II. At Ditton they were close upon them ; rowing 
hard up the Long Reach they were overlapping by about six feet 
at the Glass Houses, but entirely owing to bad coxing, missed 
their bump. 

Third Nighi. 

The First Boat, rowing well within themselves, were never 
pressed, and paddled home from the Willows, where First 
Trinity were bumped by Jesus. 

Our Chronicle. 425 

The Second Boat again rowed over a short distance behind 
Hall II., though they nearly bumped them at Grassy Corner. 

Fourth Night. 

The First Boat got off to a beautiful start, and rowing very 
hard at a faster stroke, drew away from Jesus. By Ditton they 
had gained a length, and were within a length of Trinity Hall. 
Rowing hard and long up ihe Long Reach, they got within half- 
a-length of Hall before the finishing post was passed, about the 
same distance separating them from Jesus. The rowing on this 
night was far superior to any that the crew had done before. 

The Second Boat gained steadily on Trinity Hall II., and 
were within a few yards at Ditton. Spurting up the Long 
Reach they gradually overhauled them, and at last succeeded in 
making their bump at the Glass Houses. 

Characters of the crews : 

First Boat. 
Bow — Swings out well and is fairly smart, but holds his slide too long. 

Shoves well for his weight. 
Two — ^A hard and honest worker. Should get hold of the water quicker and 

swing straight. 
Tkreg — Tries hard, but much of his work is thrown away by his being too 

slow in swinging his body on, and too fast in moving the slide. 
Four — Variable in practice, but can always be relied on to work hard. His 

style is quite his own. 
Five — Is painstaking, and improved considerably after coming into the crew. 

Rowed very well on the last night of the races. 
Six — Improved considerably during the Term in both swing and legwork, and 

rowed with more life than previously. 
Seven — Criticism needless. In the six years duiing which he has done so 

nobly by his College he never rowed better. 
Stroke — Inclined to be sluggish and jerky at times in practice, but in the races 

was quite at his best. If he would hold out the stroke longer and not 

hurry the first part of the swing, and slide forward, he would make 

a first-class stroke. 
Cox — Steers excellently, and is good at talking to the crew. 

Second Boat, 
Bow— Is very neat, and does a lot of work : but is rather lifeless and slow in 

catching hold of the water. 
7«r0— Woiks well for his weight, but should try to swing more easily and 

steadily, and be quicker into the water. 
7%r^^— Rows hard, but spoils the effect of his leg work by failing to get the 

shoulders over. Must steady his slide. 
i^<;»r— Has improved, and is beginning to use his legs. Always does his best, 

but is much hampered by his inability to swing, 
^fv^ —Should keep better time and get hold of the water very much quicker. 

Does not do nearly enough woik for his weight, but showed signs of 

improvement when he began to try. 
«Sur— Backed up Stroke well, and rowed really hard. Is seen at his best at a 

fairly slow stroke. 
Seven^A fair time-keeper. Works hard for his weight, but would get more 

length if he could swing more with sliding. Did a lot to smarten up the 

iS/r0>(/-- Improved considerably during practice. Keeps his crew going 

splendidly, and uses his head. Should swing through not over his knees, 

and remember to hold out the finish when he gets tired. 
Cox — Was not seen at his best duting the races, but this is partly due to his eye- 
sight. Has Icamt to use his voice better and more judiciously. 

426 Our ChronicU. 

Musical Society. 

Presidmt^T>r J. E. Sandyi. TVwuttr^— Rev A. J. Stevens. Ltbrariaft--* 
M> C. B. Rootham. Committee— A., Chappie, A. Y. Campbell, J. Fraser, 
H. C. Rose, R. Turner, J. W. Whye, C. B. L. Yeawley. Hon. Sec.—G. C. 
Craggs. Assistant Hon. Sec, — ^A. G# P^ Fayernoan. Conductor— Mi C. B. 
Kootham, M.A., Mus. Bac. 

The following is the programme of a Smoking Concert given 
on March 15th: 


1. QuiNTXTTK "Gavotte".. Elvey 

A. G. P. Fayekuan, J. £. Allen, H. C. Ross, H. E. Stiykn, 

G. C« CRAOG9. 

2. SONO *« Temple Bells " Woodforde-Finden 

G. M. C. Taylor. 

^ Piano Solo " Mazurk ** Godard 

G. C. Craggs. 

4. SoNO....^« " Song of the Bow " Aylwatd 

R. M. Moou. 

5. SONO , "Knocked him— in once" JV. Connor 

L. R. F£R6USS0N. 


6. QuiNTmB ....." March of Cornelius " MmdeUsohn 

A. G. P. FAYKRMANy J. £. Allrk, H. C. Ro5B» H. £. Stiysn, 
G. C. Craggs. 

7. Song ••.... "Chorus, Cjenllemen" .....Z^Ar 

G. M. C. Taylor. 

8. *Ckllo Solo. "Gondolicra" W. H. Squire 

H. E. Stiven (Trinityi. 

9. PxANoSoco "Berceuse" .••... Chopin 

G. C. Cragos. 

10. SONO'..... 

L. R. Fkkgusson. 


The May Concert. 

The Chorus. — Trebles^ The Chapel Choiisters. Altos^ Messrs. Dunn 
and Thompson. 2'enors — ^J. Adams, C. C. Carter, M. Henderson, R. V. J. S. 
Hogan, A. G. L. Hunt, R, F. Jones, C. F. A. Keeble, N. C. Neil, C. C. 
Plowright, J. Stokes, J. W. Whye. Basses, F. J. Allen, Z. N. Brooke, A. Y. 
Campbell, D. W. Coates. W. Coop, J. L. P. Cort, G. C. Craggs, J. E. Crees, 
R. T. Dawson, F. R. J. Easton, L. R. Fcrgusson, C. Gathorne, G. S. Hardy, 
H. C. Honeybouine, H. G. T. Newton, G. M. M. Robinson, G. M. C. Taylor, 
R. Turner, R. D. Waller, G. J. Wilson, C. B. L. Yeaisley. 

The Orchestra. — ist Violin, A. G. P. Fayerman, C. B. L. Yearslcy. 
Viola, H. C. Rose. 2nd Violin, J. E. P. Allen, A. Y. Campbell, G. C. 
Craggs, C. C. Plowright. 

The concert was held on June 12th, and was. according to 
custom now happily established, entirely '* Johnian." 

A varied and attractive programme of excellent music was 
rendered in a manner which reflects great credit upon all 
concerned. J. W. Wiiye's voice, which has greatly improved 

Our Chronicle. 427 

both in beauty and sonority, was heard to great advantage in 
Wagner's •* Preislied ; " and R. Turner, in the trying solos in 
Stanford's brilliant and effective ** Songs of the Sea/' reached a 
standard seldom attained by any amateur singer. The accom- 
paniment to this work, never easy and sometimes extremely 
intricate, was, as played by R. D. Waller, a thoroughly admirable 
and musicianly piece of work. Mr Rootham's clever and beauti- 
ful part-song, " A shepherd in a glade," was admirably sung by 
the chorus, and made a great impression. The fine singing of 
the vocal quartette, in which C. F. A. Keeble and H. G. T. 
Newton are no unworthy successors of J. F. Spink and H. C. 
How, contributed greatly to the success of the concert. A 
Berceuse by Chopin was played by the Hon. Sec. in his usual 
tasteful style. The College has been most fortunate in having 
two such accomplished pianists as R. D. Waller and G. C. 
Craggs ; they will be greatly missed I H. Chappie aroused 
great enthusiasm by his artistic singing, supported by the equally 
artistic accompaniment of his brother ; and the concert ended 
with the Lady Margaret Boat Song, sung by the crew of the 
First Boat, who, if they did not always pull together in matters 
of pronunciation, left notliing to be desired in point of vigour 
and " go." 

The concert gave great delight to a very large audience, and 
our best thanks are accorded to the conductor and the officers 
of the Society, to whose labours is due the very high reputation 
which the College now enjoys in matters musical. 

The full programme was as follows : 


1. Two Pieces for Violins [a) ** Minuet " Godard 

and Viola {b) ** Kefung der Alpeufee " 

(Manfred). .Schumann 

2. SoNO " Preislied " (Mcistersinger) Wagner 

J. W. Whyk. 

3. Vocal Quartet . . ** Farewell, thou lovely forest glade " Esset 

J. W. Whye, C. F. a. Kerblb, R. Turner, 
H. G. T. Newton. 

4. Songs or the Sea C, V, Stanford 

{a) *• Drake's Drum " {d) " Homeward Bound " 

{b) "Outward Bound" (/) "The Old Superb" 

(c) " Devon, O Devon " 
Baritone Solo, R. Turnkr. Chorus, Tenors and Basses. 

At the Piano, R. D. Waller. 

5. Pianoforte Solo. ..." Rhapsody No. 2 " Lusi 

R. D. Waller. 

6. Part Songs ....(«»)** The Silver Swan " Orlamio Gibbons 


(*) " A Shepherd in a Glade " C. B. Rootham 


Interval of 20 tninutes during whiih Refreshments mere icrved 
in the Combination Room, 

428 Our Chronicle, 


7. Vocal Quartet «« Calm is the Lake " Franz Abt 

J. W. Whyk, C. F. a. Kekblk, H. G. Newton^ 

R. lUilNKR. 

8. SONO " Pilgrim's Song" Tschaikowsfy 

H. Chapplk. 

9. Violin DuKT... "Abandon" G^dard 

C. B. L. Ykarsley and A. G. P. Fayerman. 

10. Part Songs {a) «• Weary Wind of tlie West " Elgar 

{b) "When AUcn-a-Dale" PtarsaU 


11. Pianoforte Solo << Berceuse " Chopin 

G. C. Craggs. 

12. Chorus ..."Lady Margaret Boat Song" Garreti 

Soloists: First May Boat. 
Chorus and Orchestra. 

The College Mission. 

Presidgnt ^Tht Master. Vice- Presidents— VLt Cojl, Mr Graves, Mr 
Mason, Dr Sandys, Mr Ward. Committee — Mr Dyson, Mr Hart {Senior 
Secretary)^ Mr Rooiham, Dr Shore, Dr Tanner, Dr Watson {Seuior Treasurer), 
R. E. T. Bell, R. Brownson, W. G. Cheese, W. Clissold, R. T. Cole (/unior 
Treasurer), H. S. CroIeRees, J. Fraser, H. G. Frean, H. W. Harris, F. A. R. 
Higgins (junior Secretary), H. C. Honeybournc, A. G. L. Hunt, W. T. 
Ritchie, H. Sanger, J. F. Spink, J. Stokes. 

A Committee meeting was held on Saturday, May 20th, in 
the Senior Dean's rooms, attended by Mr Dyson, Mr Hart, Mr 
Ward, Dr Watson, H. C. Honeybourne, W. Clissold, A. G. L. 
Hunt, F. A. R. Higgins. The announcement was made by Dr 
Watson that, Mr Robertson having accepted the College living 
of Freshwater, the Vicarage of the Lady Margaret, Walworth, 
had been offered to and accepted by Mr A. R. Ingram. Mr 
Ingram is still remembered as one of the most enthusiastic 
supporters of the Mission in his undergraduate days, and, since 
his ordination, has been engaged in Church Extension work in 

We are hoping that he may be able to come up in August 
and be instituted into his new work in the College Chapel as 
well as in the Church of the Lady Margaret ; for there is Mission 
work to be done here as well as there. 

The Committee passed a vote, which will assume later a 
permanent form, thanking Mr Robertson for his devoted service 
of six years, and wishing him God -speed in the new and not 
less difficult sphere of work to which he has been called. All 
who know the Mission and have enjoyed the hospitality of the 
Vicarage will wish to add an expression of gratitude and good 
wishes to Mrs and Miss Robertson, whose help must have done 
much to make Mr Robertson's work so great a success. If one 
may record a general impression of his work, it would seem 
that he inaugurated an age of consolidation. Mr Piiilipps was 
the pioneer who founded and extended the work: Mr Robcrl- 

Our Chronicle. 429 

son's energies have been devoted to the securing of the position 
von. In consequence there has been of late less romance, less 
of what is called, in the narrow sense of the word, •'Mission- 
work/' while the work of building on the foundation has been 
Roing on surely if not showily. It may be thought that the 
position is secure enough, and that now the time has come to 
advance. If so, there is ample scope within the boundaries of 
the parish. The population changes continually, and even if 
it did not there is still unreclaimed ground which the Mission — 
clergy and laity alike — may essay. 

Space and the ignorance of the writer alike forbid any 
attempt at a complete description of Mr Robertson's work. 
His tenure of office has included the installation of electric 
light in the Church, partly paid for by the people themselves, 
and the presentation of the pulpit. Th.e Sunday School has 
received special attention : every month carefully selected 
questions have been published in the Magazine, and teachers, 
no less than pupils, have been trained in the consideration of 
them. The distress which prevailed in the district last winter 
demanded an extension of the existing scheme of relief which 
has been conducted on the lines of the Charity Organisation 
Society. A report of the Relief Committee, which included a 
Wesleyan minister, members of the School Board, and County 
Councillors, has just been received and will be laid under con- 
tribution for the Annual Report. Mr Ingram will take over the 
Mission as a "going concern:" Mr Elsee will preserve the 
tradition ; and Mr Clarke, fresh from his experience as a lay 
reader in Australia, will bring the sta£f to its proper complement 

The Secretaries will be glad to hear of members of the 
College willing to entertain our annual visitors on August Bank 
Holiday, and to join the Camp at Rye, July 29 — ^August 5. The 
commander of the Camp is especially anxious to have with him 
some competent, if not qualified, medical man, though he hopes 
not to be compelled to use him professionally. 

In conclusion, the Secretaries beg leave — in the name of the 
College — to welcome the coming, speed — with regret — the 
parting Senior Missioner. 

Organ Recital. 

An Organ Recital was given in the College Chapel on 
Sunday, June nth, at 845 p.m., by Mr C. B. Rootham, the 
College Organist. The following is the programme : 

1. Ficlade and Fugue in D major •....../. 5. B<uh 

2. Studies in Canon (Nos. 3 and 6) • . ^Schumann 

3. Sonata (No. 5) in C minor GuUmant 

(i) Allegro appassionato, (ii) Adagio, (iii) Scherzo, 
(iv) Kecitativo. (v) Choral et Fugue. 

4. Offertoire in F minor • SaUnU 

5. Rhapsody (No. 2) on Breton Melodies Saint-Soiru 


CONSmsRABLE progress has been made towards the 
complete wiping out of the debt on the Boat House. 
The response to the special appeals in the December 
and March numbers of TAe Eagle has been very en- 
couraging, and sanguine hopes are entertained that by 
the end of 1905 the whole sum required will have been 

We append a list of subscriptions received since the 
issue of the last number of The Eagle, 

Sum, as acknowledged in the March 

number, see pages 289, 290 ,..;.. 264 8 o 

Rev P. Clement! Smith , «.••• 5 5 o 

£. L. Collins , • • • • • 5 o 

H. N. Devenish • • • • • • 10 6 

Rev H.Drake 5 o 

W. E. Forster 5 o o 

F.B.Haigh 500 

J. H. A. Hart i o o 

T. H. Havelock ; 220 

K.S.Koh 5 o 

P. J. Lewis • • . , I I o 

Prof A. E. H. Love 5 o o 

Dr A. Peckover ..•• ,« 10 o o 

Rev Canon A. H. Prior • i t o 

W. H. R. Rivers . .' •^^ 500 

G. C. Shannon .•.•..•••....•••••••« 7 6 

Rev Canon F. C. Woodhouse 5 o o 

Including Bank charges up to Christmas last the 
amount still owing is ;^ii2 19^. id. 


* The asterisk denotes past or present Members of the College, 

Donations and Additions to the Library during 
Quarter ending Lady Day 1905. 


\ Dr. D. MacAliiter. 


The Medical Directory for 1904. Reference^ 

Table. ^ 

Hall (H. S.) and Stevens (F. H.). Lessons in 

experimental and practical Geometry. 8vo. 

Lond. 1905. 3.52.67 • 

^Garcia (G. H. R.). Sermons and Addresses, 

with Memoir by the Rev. J. G. Henderson. 

Svo. Lond. 1904. II. 18.62 • 

*Harman (N. B.). Script. Repiinted from 

The Middlesex Hospital Journal, Dec. 

1901. Svo. Lond. 1904 

^Howard (Albert). Fertilisation and Cross- 
Fertilisation of the Hop. Reprinted from 

The Brewing Trade Review^ Feb. i, 1905. 

Svo. Lond. 1905 

The Influence of Pollination on the 

Development of the Hop. Reprinted 

from The Journal of Agricultural Science. 

Tan. 1905. 4to. Camb. 1905 / 

Facsimiles of Two '*Histoires" by Jean\ 

Foucquet (from Vols. L and II. of the' 

Anciennetds desjuifs) in the Collection of 

H. Yates Thompson. To which is added 

a Notice with Two Photogravures and 

Four Three-Colour Photographs of Four 

detached Pages from a Manuscript of the 

15th Century of the <' Faits des Romains." 

Privately printed. Fol. Lond. 1903. Bb. 

(lock up) . . . • / 

Choate (J. H.). Alexander Hamilton. 

Inaugural Address, March 19th, 1904, as tk* Anih/tr 

President of the University of Edinburgh. ' ^^^ ^umor. 

Svo. Lond. 1904. 11.21.53 

« Daily Mail '' Year Book for 1905. Edited by) 

P. L. Parker. Svo. Lond. 1905. ■ The Publisher. 

Reference Table 

h H. Yates Thompson, Esq. 


The Library. 

•Wykes-Finch (Rev. W.). The Ancicntv 
Family of Wyke, of North Wyke, Co. 
Devon. (Reprinted from the Trans. 
Devonihirt Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science), 1905. 1 1.45. 1 >. Mr. Scott. 

*Chadwick (R. A.) Foreign Investments in 
Time of War. (Reprinted from the Law 
Quarterly Revino, April 1904). 8vo. 
Lond. 1904 , / 

Lunham (Colonel T. A.). Some historical 
Notices of Cork in the 17th and i8th 
Centuries. 8vo. Dublin, 1904 

Early Quakers in Cork, and Cork 

Topographical Notes. 8vo. Cork, 1904. 

*Arnett (Braithwaite). The Elements of' 
Geometry theoretical and practical. Books 
L— III. 3 vols. 8vo. Lond. 1904. 

Sachs (Carl). Methode Toussaint-Langen-^ 
Scheldt. Encyklopadisches Franzosisch- 
Deutsches und Deutsches-Franzosisches 
Worterbuch. Theil II. : Deutsch-Fran- 
zosisch. s Bde. 4to. Berlin, 1874. 


Vergil. Opera. Cum Prolegomenis et Coro- 

mentario critico edidit B. H. Kennedy.* 

8vo. Cantab. 1876. 7.31. 51 , 

Rationalism and the Gospd. The Islington 

Clerical Meeting, Mildmay Conference 

Hall, Jan. 10, 1905. 8vo. Lond. 1905 .. 
Plato. The Euthydemus. With revised Text, 

Introduction, Notes, and Indices by E. H. 

Giflford.* 8vo. Oxford, 1905. 7.31.52.. 
*Rap!(on (E. J.). Ancient Silver Coins from ' 

Baluchistan. 8vo. Lond. 1904 

*Hampden-Cook (E.). The Christ has come. 

3rd Edition. 8vo. Lond. 1905. 11. 11.32 
•Wolf (A.). The Existential Import of 

Categorical Predication : Studies in Logic. 

8vo. Camb. 1905. 1.29.60 

*Clarke (Sir Ernest). Bury Chroniclers of the 

Thirteenth Century. Reprinted from the 

Bury Free Press), Roy. 8vo. Bury 1905. 
Hus (John). Letters. With Introductionsi 

and Explanatory Notes by H. B. Workman 

and R. Martin Pope.* 8vo. Lond. 1904. 


Luckock (H. Itt.). The Bishops in the Tower. 
8vo. Lond. 1887. 5.31. 18 V 

Kalisch (M.) Historical and critical Cemmen- ' 
tary on the Old Testament, with a new 
Translation. Genesis. 8vo. Lond. 1858. 


The Official Year-Book of the Chuich of 

England for 1905. Reference Table . . . . ' 
Smithsonian Institution. Annual Report for] 

the Year ending June 30, 1903. 8vo. 

Washington, 1904. 3.46 j 

The Author. 

The Author. 

Professor Mayor. 

Dr. A. Caldecott. 

The Editor. 

The Author. 
The Author. 

The Author. 
The Author. 

Dr. Sandys. 

The Smithsonian 

The Library. 433 


Bacchylides. Carmina cum Fragmentis. Xertium edidit F. Blass. Teubner 

Text. 8vo. Lipfiiae, 1904. 
Bernoulli (J. J.) Die erhaltenen Darstellungen Alexanders des Grossen. 

£in Nachtrag zur Griechischen Ikonographie. 8vo. Munchen, 1905. 

Cambridge Modem History. Vol. III. The Wars of Religion. 8vo. 

Camb. 1904. 1.2.52. 
^Churchill (C). Poems. 2 vols. 4to. Lond. 1763-4. Dd.4.26, 27. 
Commentaria in Aristotelem Graeca. Vol. XVIII. Pars ii. Davidis 

Prolegomena et in Porphyrii Isagogen Commentarium. Edidit A. Busse. 

8vo. Berolini, 1904. 

Vol. XXII. Pars ii. Michael is Ephesii in Libros de Partibus 

Animalium Commentaria. Edidit M. Hayduck. 8vo. Berolini, 1904. 

Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum. Vol. XIII. Pars ii. Fasc. i. Inscrip- 
tion es Trium Galliarum et Germaniarum Latinae. Edd. O. Hirschfeld ct 
C. Zangemeister. Fol. Berolini, 1905. SL.I. 

Dictionary (New English) on historical Principles. Edited by Dr. J. A. H . 
Murray. (Pargeter-Pennached). 410. Oxford, 1904. 

Early English Text Society, ^he medieval Records of a London City 
Church (St. Mary at Hill), A.D. 1420-1559. Transcribed and edited by 
H. Littlehales. Parti. 8vo. Lond. 1904. 4.5. 

Two Coventry Corpus Christi Plays. Re-edited by H. Craig. 8vo. 

Lond. 1901. 4.6. 

English Dialect Dictionary. Edited by Joseph Wright. Parts XXV.— 

XXVIII. (Tommy— Zwodder, the.Supplement and Bibliography). 4to. 

Lond. 1905. 
Georgius Monachus. Chronicon. Edidit C. de Boor. Vol. II. Tiubner 

Text. 8vo. Lipsiae, 1904. 
Greek. A Companion to Greek Studies. Edited by L. Whibley. 8vo 

Camb. 1905. 7.27.44. 
Henry Bradshaw Society. Vol. XXVm. Customary of the Benedictine 

Monasteries of Saint Augustine, Canterbury, and Saint Peter, West- 
minster. Edited by Sir E. M. Thompson. Vol. II. 8vo. Lond. 1904. 

II. 16.65. 
Hensel (Dr. K.) und Landsberg (Dr. G). Theorie der algebraischen 

Funktionen einer Variabeln und ihre Anwendung auf algebraische 

Kurven und Abelsche Integrale. f vo. Leipzig, 1902. 3.48.58. 
Herzog (J. J.). Realencyklopadie fur protestantische Theologie und Kirche 

Herausg. von D. Albert Hauck. Band XV. (Patristik— Predigt). 8vo. 

Leipzig, 1904. 
Historical MSS. Commbsion. Report on the MSS. of the Earl of Mar and 

Kellie preserved at Alloa House, N.B. 8vo. Lond. 1904. 6.8. 
Report on tlie MSS. of J. B. Fortescue, Esq., preserved at Dropmore. 

Vol. IV. 8vo. Lond. 1905. 6.8. 
Jewish Encyclopedia. Vol. IX. Morawczyk — Philippson. 4to. N. York 

and Lond. 1905. 12.2.49. 
♦Jowett (Wm.). Verses written on various Occasions for Friends. i2mo. 

Ix>nd. 1843. 4.40.27. 
Luard Memoiial Series III. Grace Book B, Part II., containing the 

Accounts of the Proctors of the University of Cambridge, 151 1 — 1544. 

Edited by Mary Bateson. 8vo. Camb. 1905. 5.27.20. 
Merivale (Anna W.) Family Memorials. (Printed for private circulation). 

8vo. Exeter, 1884. 11. 2 1.60. 
Mommsen (T.). Romisches Strafrecht. 8vo. Leipzig, 1899. K.5.49. 
Oxford Historical Society. Oxford Silver Pennies from A.D. 925 — ^A.D. 1272. 

Described by C. L. Stainer. 8vo. Oxford, 1904. 5.26.95. 
Palaeontogiaphical Society. Vol. LVHI. Issued for 1904. 4to. Lond. 

1904. 13.2. 10. 

454 ^^^ ^Library. 

Produs Diadochus. In Platonis Timaeum Commentaria. Edidit £. Diehl. 

Vol II. Teubfur Text, 8vo. Lipsiae, 1904. 
^Proctor (R. A.). Rough Ways made Smooth. Sto. Lond. itSo. 

*Reyner (Edward). The Being and Well-BeiDg of a Christian. 8vo. Lond. 

1669. Pp. 13. 19. 
Riemann (B.). Gesammelte Mathematische Werke. Nachtrage heraosg. 

Ton M. Noether und W. Wirdnger. 8vo. Leipzig, 1902. 3.33.16. 
Die PartieUen Differential-GIeichungen der Mathematischen Phyaik. 

4er. Auflage. Bearbeitet von H. Weber. 2 Bde. 8yo. Braunschweig, 

1900-1. '3.50.10, II. 
Royal Historical Society. Transactions. New Series. Vol. XVin. 8yo. 

Lond. 1904. 5.17. 
*Rutherforth (T.). An Essay on the Nature and Obligations of Virtue. 4to. 

Camb. 1744. Dd.4.28. 
Shuckburgh (£. S.). Augustus. The Life and Times of the Founder of the 

Roman Empire (B.C. 63 — A.D. 14). 8vo. Lond. 1903. 11.21.61. 
Steifens (Dr. Franz). Lateinische Palaographier. ' aAbteil. Fol. Freiburg, 

Term Catalogues (The). 1668- 1709 A.D., with a Number for Easter Term, 

171 1. Edited by Professor E. Arber. Vol. 11. 1683-1696. Privately 

printed. 4to. Lond. 1905. 14.4.7. 
Wadnam (Dorothy). Letters 1609-1618. Edited with Notes and Appen- 
dices by Rev. R. B. Gardiner. 8vo. Lond. 1904. 5.28.61. 


Che ©ajle 

A jnagsifttf fuppoftfD bff jncmbtttf of 
Sbt %oW% (SolUgf 

9ecem&et 1904 

Prfnteb to Sbubscrfbeis onlp 


voiumt xam GxaexF 


FrotUispiiCi—Vzxi of the Old Chapel. 

Notes from the College Records — continued 

The Silent Watchers . 

Die StUlen Wachter 

Under the Cabbage Palm 

A.D. IX. Kal. lul. 

The Art of Joking 

Ode to the White Horse 

Babbling Brook and Ru»hiiig River 

Freedom in Belief 

In the North Atlantic . 

Obituaiy : 

Rev William Frederick Wright M.A. 

Ronald William Henry Tumbull Hudson M.A. 

Rev John Burton D'Aguilar B. A. 

Rev Canon Frederick Bumside M.A. 

Rev John Charies Blissard M.A. 

Edmund Carver M.D. 
The Johnian Dinner 
Our Chronicle 

The Library .... 

List of Subscribers 1904— 1905. 




The Subscription for the current year is fixed at 4/S; it includes 
Kos 135, 136 and 137. Subscribers who pay One Guinea in advance will 
be supplied vrith the Magazine for five years, dating from the lerm in 
which the payment is made, and will receive grutis, on application, a copy 
of the Ind4x (vols i— zv). 

Non-resident subscribers are requested to pay their Subscriptions to 
Mr J. £. Merry at the College Battery : cheques and postal orders 
should be made payable to 77u Tnasunr ofthi Eagle Maganm, 

Subscribers are requested to leave their addresses with Mr Merry 
and to give notice of any change; and also of any corrections in the 
printed list of Subscribers issued in December. 

Subscribers are requested to note that the Bagle will be sent to them 
until they give notice to Mr Merry that they wish it to be discontinued. 

Contributions for the next number should be sent in at an early date 
to one of the Editors (Mr R. F. Scott, Mr J. R. Tanner, D. Kingdon, 
J. B. Ronaldson, W. Coop, H. W. Harris). 

N.B.— -Contributors of anonymous articles or letters will please send 
their names to tnu of the Editors who need not communicate them further. 

It is desired to make the Chronicle as complete a record as possible of 
the careers of members of the College. The Editors vrill welcome assistance 
in this effort. 

A spicial cast, for binding volumes of the Eagle, hearing the College 
Arms, has been brought out by Mr E» Johnson, Trinity Street, Charge for 
case and binding 2/6/ case alone 1/6. 

The following may be obtained at the College Buttery on application to 
Mr Meny: 

1. Tlie College Boating Song, by Dr G. M. Ganett, words by Mr T. R. 
Glover: price 6i/. 

2. Large-paper copies of the plate of the College Arms : price 10^. 

3. Fine impression, folio, of the old copper-plate portrait of the Lady 
Margaret : price ix. 6^. 

4. Copy of the antique medallion portrait of the Lady Margaret, 
price 3^1. 

5. View of the Lady Margaret Boat House, forming the frontispiece to 
No 127 : price ^. 

6. Lbt of past occupants of Rooms in College, compiled by Mr G. C. M. 
Smith: price i/. 

The Index to the EAGLE (Vols i-xv) : puce 2s. 6i. 

Ch£ ^ajU 

inatc]^ 1906 

Prfnteb to Sbutectfiins onlg 


Vvintt^ ta IKctcalft Ir €te. VtefttV, lUfc ertscmt 

Vplmmt }fXn ' «XXXVi 



FranHspUu^Tht Front Gate. 

Notes from the College Records — ccntintud .141 

Imroer Hoeher Hinauf . • i74 

Upward, Hearts! . • I74 

Motto of a Famous Maa 174 

Under the Cabbage Palm— tftfii^MiMJ . .175 

To My Brains ...... 179 

A Mound and its Memories . .180 

Walter Savage Landor . 192 

Rev John Chambers M.A. .214 

Rev Theophilus Barton Rowe M. A. 217 

Rev Clement Cotterill Scholefield M.A. . .223 

John Shapland Yeo M.A. .... 225 

Presentation to Professor J. E. B. Msyor .241 

Our Chronicle . 255 

The New Boat-House Fund .288 

The Library 291 

The Subscription for the current year it fixed «t ^; it includes 
Nos 135, 136 and 137. Subscribers who pay One Guinea in advance will 
be supplied with the Magazine for five years, dating from the Term in 
which the payment is made, and will receive gratis, on application, a copy 
of the Indtx (vols i— zv). 

Non-resident subscribers are requested to pay their Subscriptions to 
Mr J. £. Mbr&t at the College Buttery: cheques and postal orders 
should be made payable to Thi Tnasur^r of thi Eagle Maga»in4. 

Subscribers are requested to leave their addresses with Mr Merry 
and to give notice of any change; and also of any corrections in the 
printed list of Subscribers issued in December. 

Subscribers are requested to note that the Baglg will be sent to them 
until they give notice to M& Mkksy that they wish it to be di»cot)tiuued. 

Contributions for the next number should be sent in at an early date 
to one of the Editors (Mr R. F. Scott, Mr J. R. Tanner, D. Kingdon, 
J. B. Konaldson, W. Coop, H. W. Harris). 

N.B.— Contributors of anonymous articles or letters will please send 
their names to om of the Editors who need not communicate them further. 

It is desired to make the Chronicle as complete a record as possible of 
the careers of members of the College. The Editors will welcome assistance 
in this effort. 

A spicial cast, for binding volumes of the Eagle, bearing the College 
Arms, has been brought out by Air B, Johnson, Trinity Street, Charge for 
ease and binding 2/6; case alone 1/6. 

The following may be obtained at the College Buttery on application to 
Mr Merry : 

1. The College Boating Song, by Dr G. M. Garrett, words by Mr T. R. 
Glover : price td. 

2. Large-paper copies of the plate of the College Arms : price lod, 

3. Fine impression, folio, of the old copper-plate portrait of the Lady 
Margaret : price is, 6d, 

4. Copy of the antique medallion portrait of the Lady Margaret, 
price 3</. 

5. View of the Lady Margaret Boat House, forming the frontispiece to 
No 127: price 3<^. 

6. List of past occupants of Rooms in College, compiled by Mr G. C. M. 
Smith : price is, 

TIic Index to the EAGLE (Vols i— xv) : price is, 6d. 

Cbt (Eagk 

9tti» 190S 

^ntcb for Sbttbscribro onle 


VifntcH Iv iKctcaUc Ic €Do. XfaiitcVt I&mc Smccnt 

V^olmt XXFi eXXXI^Ii 


Frontispuci^Tht Witches in Macbeth. 

Notes from the College Records {contintuJ) 

To my Pipe 

The Castle on the Rock 

Liber et Virgo . 

Latine .... 

The Commemoration Sermon 

At St John's College, Cambridge 

Under the Cabbage Palm 

The Lay of the New Court Eagle 

The Witches in Macbeth 

Was Ben Jonson a Johnian ? 

Souvent me Souvient 

Arthur Clement Hilton 

Obltuaiy : 

The Yen Edwin Hamilton GiiTord D.D. 

ReY Joseph Merriman D.D. 

Rev WUliam Allen Wbitworth M.A. 

ReT Charles John Francis Yule B.A. 
Our Chronicle • 
The New Boat-House Fund . 
The Library . 





. 325 


. 335 


. 345 






. 364 


. 389 




. 430 


The Subscription for the ourrent year U fixed at 4/6; it includes 
Nob 135, 136 and 137. Subscribers who pay One Guinea in advance will 
be supplied with the Magazine for five years, dating from the Term in 
which the payment is made, and will receive gratis, on application, a copy 
of the Index (vols i — t9). 

Non-resident subscribers are requested to pay their Subscriptions to 
Mr J. £. Mbr&t at the College Buttery: cheques and postal orders 
should be made payable to Thi Treasurer of tJu Eagle Magazine. 

Subscribers are requested to leave their addresses with Mr Merry 
and to give notice of any change; and also of any corrections in the 
printed list of Subscribers issued in December. 

Subscribers are requested to note that the Bagle will be sent to them 
nntil they give notice to Mr Msr&t that they wish it to be discontinued. ' 

Contributions for the next number should be sent in at an early date 
to one of the Editors (Mr R. F. Scott, Dr J. R. Tanner, D. Kingdon, 
J. B. Ronaldson, W. Coop, H. W. Harris). 

N.B.— Contributors of anonymous articles or letters will please send 
their names to one of the Editors who need not communicate them further. 

It is desired to make the Chronicle as complete a record as possible of 
the careers of members of the College. The Editors will welcome assistance 
in this effort. 

A special case, far binding volumes of the Eagle, bearing the College 
Arms, has been brought out by 3fr E. Johnson, Trinity Street, Charge for 
^ase aftd binding 2/6; case alone 1/6. 

The following may be obtained at the College Buttery on application to 
Mr Merry : 

1. The College Boating Song, by Dr G. M. Garrett, words by Mr T. R. 
Glover: price 6</. 

2. Large-paper copies of the plate of the College Arms : price lod, 

3. Fine impression, folio, of the old copper-plate portrait of the Lady 
Margaret : price is, 6d, 

4. Copy of the antique medallion portrait of the Lady Margaret, 
price 3<^. 

5. View of the Lady Margaret Boat House, forming the frontispiece to 
No 127 : price ^d, 

6. List of past occupants of Rooms in College, compiled by Mr G. C. M. 
Smith: price is. 

The Index to the EAGLE (Vols i— xv) : price 2s, 6d.